Economics homework help

Intermediate Microeconomics

The assignment is creating a “scrapbook” designed to highlight the practical application of selected microeconomics concepts. For this assignment, you must analyze three newspaper or magazine articles relating to different microeconomics issues. The article must correspond to a concept covered in one of the four major PARTS of the syllabus. Only one article per PART allowed.  The analysis of each article should: 1) indicate what specific microeconomics concept is being discussed, 2) demonstrate an understanding of the concept using graphical analysis, and 3) include a written description and summary of the article and graphical analysis. Good sources for this assignment include the Wall Street Journal, Business Week, New York Times, Forbes, and Newsweek to name a few. The articles must be dated from September to December of 2015. The date the article was originally published must be shown. Failure to follow these instructions will lead to a zero for the article submitted.
 
Textbook – Microeconomics – Browning,Edgar K, Zupan & Mark.A – Theory and application 12th edition. John Wiley and Son  – Chapter referrals are below
PART ONE: INTRODUCTION

  1. Introduction to Microeconomics
  2. Net-Benefit Calculus
  3. Three Key Analytical Tools 1
  4. Demand and Supply Curves
  5. Equilibrium Analysis
  6. Comparative Statics
  7. Price Elasticity of Demand and Supply
  8. Other Elasticities 2

PART TWO: THE THEORY OF DEMAND

  1. The Theory of Consumer Choice
  2. Introduction
  3. Budget Constraint
  4. Preferences of the Consumer
  5. Utility Maximization
  6. Composite Good Convention 3
  7. Individual and Market Demand
  8. Price Changes and Consumption Choices
  9. Income and Substitution Effects of a Price Change
  10. Various Elasticities Revisited 4
  • Applications: Using Consumer Choice Theory
  1. Lump Sum v. Per Unit Subsidy
  2. Lump Sum v. Per Unit Tax 5
  3. Other Applications

PART THREE: MARKET STRUCTURE AND OUTPUT DECISIONS

  1. Production and Costs
  2. Relating Outputs to Inputs
  3. Short Run Production and Costs
  4. Long Run Production and Costs 7 and 8
  5. Profit Maximization and the Competitive Firm
  6. Short Run Profit Maximization
  7. Short Run Supply Curve
  8. Long Run Profit Maximization
  9. Long Run Supply Curve
  10. Allocative Efficiency 9
  • Applications of the Competitive Model
  1. Rent Controls
  2. Tax Incidence
  3. Medical Care Subsidies
  4. Other Applications 10

 

  1. Monopoly
  2. Characteristics
  3. Profit Maximization
  4. Monopoly v. Competitive Equilibrium
  5. Selected Applications 11 and 12
  6. Imperfectly Competitive Output Markets
  7. Monopolistic Competition
  8. Oligopoly 13 and 15

PART FOUR: RESOUCE MARKETS

  1. The Labor Market
  2. The Demand for Labor
  3. The Supply of Labor
  4. Applications 16,17, 18

 

Economics homework help

Effects of minimum wage on equality and unemployment

12 pages(3600 words min)
4 days
MLA format
8 sources needed

managerial economics

week 5 managerial economics

Bayer Schering Pharma AG, Germany owns Alka-Seltzer, which was launched in 1931 and was meant for relief of minor aches, pains, inflammation, fever, headache, heartburn, sour stomach, indigestion, and hangovers. Alka-Seltzer Plus was a spin-off of the original medicine, meant to relieve colds and flu.

 

The company has recently introduced a new and improved Alka-Seltzer Plus, as described in this TV ad.

 

link to tv ad: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=93X633vIBPU

 

The ad shows that Alka-Seltzer Plus can fight congestion, unlike NyQuil.

 

ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS BELOW THOROUGHLY…

 

1. Explain how Alka-Seltzer Plus has been quality and price-positioned in an existing market.

 

2. In your opinion, has Bayer positioned their product appropriately in the market for cold and flu symptoms relief products?

 

3. Would you advise Bayer to use a skimming or a penetration pricing strategy? Explain your reasoning.

 

4. How do you think Proctor and Gamble, the company who produces Vicks NyQuil, would respond to the ad?

 

5. If Bayer is currently making normal profits on most of the products in its product line, but is making pure profits on its new Alka-Seltzer Plus with decongestant, what should Bayer do to increase its profits? 

 

 

 

YOU MUST USE PROPER GRAMMAR, PRONUNCIATIONS AND SENTENCING…YOU MAY USE TWO OUTSIDE SOURCES, BUT IT MUST BE SCHOLARLY FORMATTED IN APA FORM CITED THROUGHOUT PAPER WITH AN REFERENCE PAGE.

 

Capitalism and the U.S. Economy

MICRO – M1 A2 Capitalism and the U.S. Economy

In a command or planned economy, the government, not the market, regulates the factors of production and economic activities considered essential to the function of the economy.  Economic decisions including what goods and services to produce (supply), how resources are allocated and regulated and how profits are distributed are made and implemented by the government.

How is the U.S. economy different from a command economy? Can the U.S. economy be called a true free market economy? Explain your answer by discussing the ways in which the federal government interacts with and regulates the U.S. economy in the context of both a command and free market economy.

Provide examples and justify your conclusions. Quotations, paraphrases, and ideas you get from books or other sources of information should be cited using APA style. Help with citing sources can be found through the Academic Resources page under Course Home.

 

Macroeconomics

ECON 201 – Macroeconomics

Class Project

 

Choose one of the following economists:

 

Adam Smith

Milton Friedman

John Maynard Keynes

Paul Samuelson

Ludwig von Mises

 

  1. Write a four to five page paper.
  2. Make sure you have personal information as birth date, where they live, and other relevant information.
  3. Their academic training.
  4. Where they have taught?
  5. Their degrees.
  6. What kinds of economic theories they purport?
  7. Explain their theories.
  8. Give examples of how their theories are applied.
  9. What works have they produced as books and papers and summarize?
  10. Why do you think they are important from your research?
  11. Why do you think their theories are important?
  12. What impact if any have they had on your life and the lives of your fellow Americans?
  13. In your opinion, is their work beneficial to the study of macroeconomics?
  14. What new things did you learn by completing this assignment?
  15. Summarize the paper in a paragraph!
  16. Don’t forget a good bibliography!

 

Grading Rubric

  1. Personal information – 5 points.
  2. Academic information – 5 points.
  3. Grammar, writing style – 10 points.
  4. READABILITY – 10 points.
  5. Content and answering most questions from above – 15 points.
  6. Summary – 5 points.

stimators for the population variance with different levels of bias and variance

Eco/85

Suppose you are a consultant to a fast food chain. The fast food chain is interested in measuring the population variance in the number of customers it has on a daily basis in all its stores in the U.S. However, it is limited in its ability to track this number across all stores and has to select a sample. Think critically about the following questions:

 

1. There are two estimators for the population variance with different levels of bias and variance. Explain how you would go about choosing between these two estimators.

 

2. You are interested in coming up with a 95% confidence interval for the population variance. How would you go about deciding the number of outlets to sample?

Guidelines for Submission: Your response should one to two pages in length with double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, one-inch margins, and APA citations.

Elasticity and Its Application

Elasticity and Its Application

Over the last year your boss has noticed that it would be useful for your firm to understand how consumers behave when variables in the market change and how these changes affect the total revenue for your product. You have been asked to do an analysis for your product, Good A, by addressing the following questions and reporting the results to your boss in a formal paper.

Questions:

  1. Define the price elasticity of demand? What information does it provide? How is it calculated?
  2. Define the income elasticity of demand? What information does it provide? How is it calculated?
  3. Define the cross-price elasticity of demand? What information does it provide? How is it calculated?
  4. What is total revenue? How is it calculated?
  5. Define elastic, inelastic, and unitary elasticity means. How are these related to total revenue? Explain your answers.
  6. With respect to the price elasticity of demand, construct a graph using the data in Figure1. Illustrate the ranges on the demand curve that indicate elastic, inelastic, and unitary elasticity. Explain your answers. Enter non-numerical responses in the same worksheet using textboxes.
  7. Calculate the total revenue for each level of demand and post into the table, Figure 1. (Copy and paste this table into the Microsoft Word document that will form part of your submission.)
  8. Using the midpoints formula presented in the textbook, calculate the price elasticity coefficient for each price level, starting with the coefficient for the $4 to $6 level. For each coefficient, indicate each type of elasticity: elastic demand, inelastic demand, or unitary demand. Post your answers into the table, Figure 1.
  9. Assume that the income of consumers changes by 10%, and as a result the quantity demanded for Good A changes by 8%. What is the income elasticity of demand for Good A? What does this mean for your company?
  10. Assume that the price of competing Good B decreases by 5% and as a result, the quantity demand for Good A decreases by 8%. What is the cross-price elasticity for your product? What type of goods are Good A and Good B?

Figure 1: The Demand Schedule for Barbeque Dinners

Price

Quantity Demanded Total Revenue Elasticity Coefficient Elastic or Inelastic
$4 100 __________ XXXX XXXX
6 80 __________ __________ __________
8 60 __________ __________ __________
10 40 __________ __________ __________
12 20 __________ __________ __________
14 1 __________ __________ __________

Required:

Prepare an analysis by answering the above-noted questions. Your analysis will consist of two documents as follows:

  1. Microsoft Word document: Questions 1-5, 7-10.
  2. Microsoft Excel worksheet: Question 6

Keynesian vs. New Keynesian

Economics assignment

Keynesian vs. New Keynesian

Both the traditional Keynesian theory and the new Keynesian theory indicate that the short-run aggregate supply curve is horizontal.

Tasks:

Answer the following questions:

  • Is there any difference between the two approaches of the Keynesian theory and the new Keynesian theory in terms of short-run implications?
  • What are the long-run implications on price level and GDP?
Remember to adhere to APA guidelines, standards, and formatting.

Presentation: Import Policies, Tariffs and Restrictions

Presentation: Import Policies, Tariffs and Restrictions

Your firm is considering exporting to two countries: Kenya and Vietnam. However, management’s knowledge about these countries’ trade policies and barriers is limited. Conduct a search using GlobalEdge and other sources to identify the current import policies, tariffs, and restrictions in these countries. What recommendations would you make to management? Develop a 4–5 slide presentation that outlines what you learned and your recommendations to the firm’s management.

Group Case Snead’s Dry-Cleaning Company

Group Case Snead’s Dry-Cleaning Company

This assignment focuses on Dun and Bradstreet’s key business ratio analysis,a current financial situation analysis, and strategy development.

Fourteen Key Business Ratios Used by D&B https://www.dnb.com/product/contract/ratiosP.htm

The Seven Key Ratios Used in Key Ratio Analysis

http://ezinearticles.com/?The-Seven-Key-Ratios-Used-in-Key-Ratio-Analysis&id=5873597

Required Elements to include in Financial Analysis:

  • There are numerous qualitative and quantitative issues to address. Develop a strategic plan addressing both qualitative and quantitative issues;
  • Review the financial data provided at the end of the case study and calculate the key financial ratios important to Sheldon, potentially to his bank or other investors, and apply them to your analysis;

Required Formatting of Paper:

  • This report should be double spaced, 12-point font, and five to six page written analysis excluding the title page, reference page and .spreadsheets;
  • Provide projections of the company’s financial position.
  • Title page with your name, the course name, the date, and instructor’s name;
  • This paper should be written in the third person.
  • Use APA formatting for in-text citations and reference page. You are expected to paraphrase and not use quotes. Deductions will be taken when quotes are used and found to be unnecessary;
  • Submit the paper in the Assignment Folder.
  • Check the below Case Study

Group Case:  Snead’s Dry-Cleaning Company

 

Sheldon Snead’s uncle has owned and operated a dry cleaning business in a residential area near downtown Washington, DC for 30 years. It has been successful enough for his uncle to raise a family, send three children to college, and save enough for an OK retirement.

 

As Sheldon’s uncle plans for retirement he finds that no one in the family is interested in the business.  Sheldon worked for his uncle during the summers while in high school and began working there again after his recent layoff from a management-consulting firm, which allowed him to look for other work.

 

Sheldon’s uncle asks him whether he would like to take over the business and to eventually buy it. This is a good situation for his uncle, because he can continue to work for a while and still earn money, delaying retirement, and he can better plan the succession of the business. Sheldon see the merits of the situation, too, and starts to think about it seriously.

 

Some details about the business:

  • One location in a neighborhood zoned for residential and commercial activity near many professional office buildings.
  • The business has between 400 and 600 regular customers, and about 800 names in its computer listing.
  • The dry cleaning equipment is co-located to the storefront. The equipment is at its end of life and in need of replacement probably in the next 3-5 years
  • The business owns the building and land, valued at about $250,000. There is a small improvement loan outstanding on the property
  • The business profile is roughly as follows

o   Income statement (See attached)

o   Balance sheet (See attached)

  • The storefront area also requires renovation: new floors, countertops, computer and point of sale (POS) equipment, management system, etc. The total investment in new infrastructure is as follows:

o   New Equipment: Purchase price $100,000 -$125,000

o   New POS equipment: $10,000-$20,000

o   Renovations in storefront: $15,000-$30,000

  • No family members are interested in working there, and Sheldon will need to hire employees at rates higher than his uncle ever paid.
  • A major dry cleaning chain has just opened a modern establishment a few blocks away and its rates are between 5% and 20% lower than Snead’s. Its cleaning and laundry are done in a different building 20 miles away.

 

As Sheldon thinks about the business more, his uncle advises that he will need to expand the business in order to be different and to add services that are trendy.  His uncle recommends:

(1)              Some sort of concierge pickup and drop off service?

(2)              Tailoring and repair?

(3)              Collaboration with shoe and luggage repair?

(4)              8-hour turnaround service?

(5)              Other?

 

Sheldon is not sure about all of these recommendations, but some might work. He sees a facility that could use modern equipment and that could handle more throughput, perhaps by expanding operating times from the normal 8-9 hours per days to a 12-16 hours per day with 1.5 or two shifts of staff.

 

Through an acquaintance at the office building where he previously worked, Sheldon knows of a small retail space on the ground floor entrance that is available for a very low cost (about $3500/month) and where he could set up a receiving operation for dry-cleaning and laundry that would be further processed at the main facility.

 

The new equipment costs concern him, because Sheldon knows that he will not qualify for a loan and he would need his uncle to remain in the business for that reason alone. He recognizes the immediate threat of the discount establishment nearby and will need to develop a plan to retain his customers and attract new ones. He also sees that this is a business where there is not much growth in scope. He wonders if there are any other subcontracting opportunities, but he doesn’t know.  Then, of course, he will need to generate enough revenue to be able to buy the business from his uncle.  He hopes that in a few years of operation, he will be able to qualify for his own loan and become fully independent. His assets will always consist of only the building, any equipment and tools, and his cash flow. From his experience with the business, he knows that he will need to maintain an earnings target of at least 15%, but to qualify for loans in the future, he will need to get to and maintain a 17% to 20% ratio.

 

 

economics calculations

week 4 economics calculations assignment

Problem 1:

 

Robert’s New Way Vacuum Cleaner Company is a newly started small business that produces vacuum cleaners and belongs to a monopolistically competitive market. Its demand curve for the product is expressed as Q = 5000 – 25P where Q is the number of vacuum cleaners per year and P is in dollars. Cost estimation processes have determined that the firm’s cost function is represented by TC = 1500 + 20Q + 0.02Q2.

 

Show all of your calculations and processes. Describe your answer for each question in complete sentences, whenever it is necessary.

 

1.What are the profit-maximizing price and output levels? Explain them and calculate algebraically for equilibrium P (price) and Q (output). Then, plot the MC (marginal cost), D (demand), and MR (marginal revenue) curves graphically and illustrate the equilibrium point.

 

2. How much economic profit do you expect that Robert’s company will make in the first year?

Do you expect this economic profit level to continue in subsequent years? Why or why not?

 

 

Problem 2:

 

Greener Grass Company (GGC) competes with its main rival, Better Lawns and Gardens (BLG), in the supply and installation of in-ground lawn watering systems in the wealthy western suburbs of a major east-coast city. Last year, GGC’s price for the typical lawn system was $1,900 compared with BLG’s price of $2,100. GGC installed 9,960 systems, or about 60% of total sales and BLG installed the rest. (No doubt many additional systems were installed by do-it-yourself homeowners because the parts are readily available at hardware stores.)

 

GGC has substantial excess capacity–it could easily install 25,000 systems annually, as it has all the necessary equipment and can easily hire and train installers. Accordingly, GGC is considering expansion into the eastern suburbs, where the homeowners are less wealthy. In past years, both GGC and BLG have installed several hundred systems in the eastern suburbs but generally their sales efforts are met with the response that the systems are too expensive. GGC has hired you to recommend a pricing strategy for both the western and eastern suburb markets for this coming season. You have estimated two distinct demand functions, as follows:

 

Qw =2100 – 6.25Pgw + 3Pbw + 2100Ag – 1500Ab + 0.2Yw

 

for the western market and

 

Qe = 36620 – 25Pge + 7Pbe + 1180Ag – 950Ab + 0.085Ye

 

for the eastern market, where Q refers to the number of units sold; P refers to price level; A refers to advertising budgets of the firms (in millions); Y refers to average disposable income levels of the potential customers; the subscripts w and e refer to the western and eastern markets, respectively; and the subscripts g and b refer to GGC and BLG, respectively. GGC expects to spend $1.5 million (use Ag = 1.5) on advertising this coming year and expects BLG to spend $1.2 million (use Ab = 1.2) on advertising. The average household disposable income is $60,000 in the western suburbs and $30,000 in the eastern suburbs. GGC does not expect BLG to change its price from last year because it has already distributed its glossy brochures (with the $2,100 price stated) in both suburbs, and its TV commercial has already been produced. GGC’s cost structure has been estimated as TVC = 750Q + 0.005Q2, where Q represents single lawn watering systems.

 

Show all of your calculations and processes. Describe your answer for each item below in complete sentences, whenever it is necessary.

 

1. Derive the demand curves for GGC’s product in each market.

 

2. Derive GGC’s marginal revenue (MR) and marginal cost (MC) curves in each market. Show graphically GGC’s demand, MR, and MC curves for each market.

 

3. Derive algebraically the quantities that should be produced and sold, and the prices that should be charged, in each market.

 

4. Calculate the price elasticities of demand in each market and discuss these in relation to the prices to be charged in each market.

 

5.Add a short note to GGC management outlining any reservations and qualifications you may have concerning your price recommendations.

 

 

managerial economics journal

Week 4 managerial economics journal

Review the popular news websites listed in the Current Events required readings section for this week.

 

Websites Broadcasting System Inc.. (n.d.). CNN.com – Breaking News, U.S., World, Weather, Entertainment & Video News. CNN.com – Breaking News, U.S., World, Weather, Entertainment & Video News. Retrieved November 14, 2012, from http://www.cnn.com

 

Economist Newspaper Limited. (n.d.). The Economist – World News, Politics, Economics, Business & Finance. The Economist – World News, Politics, Economics, Business & Finance. Retrieved November 14, 2012, fromhttp://www.economist.com LP. (n.d.).

 

Bloomberg – Business, Financial & Economic News, Stock Quotes. Bloomberg – Business, Financial & Economic News, Stock Quotes. Retrieved November 14, 2012, from http://www.bloomberg.com

 

In 500 words double spaced… ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS BELOW THOROUGHLY….

 

1. Has the knowledge you gained been valuable in helping you understand or evaluate events or policies when it comes to managerial economics?

 

2. Are there any current events in the news that you can directly link to concepts or theories of managerial economics covered so far?

 

3. Discuss one current event article and explain how economic theory can be applied to analyze the information presented.

 

Make sure to provide an APA reference to your article. ANY OUTSIDE SOURCES MUST BE SCHOLARLY AND WRITTEN IN APA FORM THROUGHOUT THE PAPER WITH AN REFERENCE PAGE ALSO

 

The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution

Complete a one page answer to question below. Include ideas on productivity and savings rates.

“What changes took place during the Industrial Revolution that made sustained economic growth possible?” Consider the role of agriculture and education in promoting the industrial revolution. Were there any important developments in agricultural technology? If so, how did labor-saving technologies in agriculture raise productivity and help to support the growth of industry? What about education? How does education help to support industrialization? To answer this question you should focus on technological developments (including advances in transportation), rising productivity, and the creation of mass markets (i.e., the development of mass consumption and mass production).

“current macroeconomic situation”

Current Macroeconomic

what is the “current macroeconomic situation” in the U.S. (e.g. is the U.S. economy currently concerned about unemployment, inflation, recession, etc.)? What fiscal policies and monetary policies would be appropriate at this time?

write your individual answers to the questions listed above together in essay format (minumum of 300 words combined in APA style), using correct economic terms covered in the discussions. If you only write 300 words, you probably won’t be able to fully answer the questions. Use the APA Template in Doc Sharing as a guide. You will also find the grading rubric for this assignment in Doc Sharing.

Key concepts to include in your paper–data trends on unemployment, inflation, GDP growth, expansionary fiscal policy tools, FOMC, easy money policy tools and other terms from this class.

You must use at least one article. Note: The textbook is not an article and cannot be the only source for the assignments

"current macroeconomic situation"

Current Macroeconomic

what is the “current macroeconomic situation” in the U.S. (e.g. is the U.S. economy currently concerned about unemployment, inflation, recession, etc.)? What fiscal policies and monetary policies would be appropriate at this time?
write your individual answers to the questions listed above together in essay format (minumum of 300 words combined in APA style), using correct economic terms covered in the discussions. If you only write 300 words, you probably won’t be able to fully answer the questions. Use the APA Template in Doc Sharing as a guide. You will also find the grading rubric for this assignment in Doc Sharing.
Key concepts to include in your paper–data trends on unemployment, inflation, GDP growth, expansionary fiscal policy tools, FOMC, easy money policy tools and other terms from this class.
You must use at least one article. Note: The textbook is not an article and cannot be the only source for the assignments

“Internal Consistency at Customer First”

“Internal Consistency at Customer First”

Determine how job analysis and job evaluation could be used at Customers First to develop an internally consistent compensation system.

Determine whether or not you agree with Joan’s view on job analysis and job evaluation.

 

"Internal Consistency at Customer First"

“Internal Consistency at Customer First”

Determine how job analysis and job evaluation could be used at Customers First to develop an internally consistent compensation system.
Determine whether or not you agree with Joan’s view on job analysis and job evaluation.
 

“Economics of Monopoly Power”

“Economics of Monopoly Power”

Go to the Tools& Data section of the Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC) Website, located athttp://www.fcc.gov, to review its major initiatives and the role those initiatives play in encouraging competition in communication markets and protecting the public.

Take a position on whether or not the current initiatives of the FCC encourage competition in all communication markets and protect the public. Provide specific examples to support your response.

List and discuss three economic justifications for government regulation in your local area. Explain what happens if the government does not provide appropriate regulation. Determine the costs on society of government regulation.

"Economics of Monopoly Power"

“Economics of Monopoly Power”

Go to the Tools& Data section of the Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC) Website, located athttp://www.fcc.gov, to review its major initiatives and the role those initiatives play in encouraging competition in communication markets and protecting the public.
Take a position on whether or not the current initiatives of the FCC encourage competition in all communication markets and protect the public. Provide specific examples to support your response.
List and discuss three economic justifications for government regulation in your local area. Explain what happens if the government does not provide appropriate regulation. Determine the costs on society of government regulation.

“Monopoly and Price Fixing”

“Monopoly and Price Fixing”

Log on to-

www.istrayer

logon is SU200157399

PASSWORD is Sst77770

click on Bb on the left side under blackboard

in the middle of the page click on ECO405028VA016-1154-001: Econ Problems & Issues

week 6 then preparation items

then scenario.

From the scenario, identify the possible illegal or unethical activities activities in which the print shop boss plans to engage in, and identify the consequences on society from an economic point of view. Explain whether or not you would have discussed these issues with the boss.

From (1) a single product market perspective and (2) a natural monopolist market perspective, give your opinion on whether or not you support the government intervening to organize pricing. Identify the pros and cons of using these methods for the stakeholders.

"Monopoly and Price Fixing"

“Monopoly and Price Fixing”

Log on to-
www.istrayer
logon is SU200157399
PASSWORD is Sst77770
click on Bb on the left side under blackboard
in the middle of the page click on ECO405028VA016-1154-001: Econ Problems & Issues
week 6 then preparation items
then scenario.
From the scenario, identify the possible illegal or unethical activities activities in which the print shop boss plans to engage in, and identify the consequences on society from an economic point of view. Explain whether or not you would have discussed these issues with the boss.
From (1) a single product market perspective and (2) a natural monopolist market perspective, give your opinion on whether or not you support the government intervening to organize pricing. Identify the pros and cons of using these methods for the stakeholders.

Externalities

Assignment 2: Externalities

Write a two to three (4) page paper in which you:

Identify and discuss three (3) externalities, which can either be positive or negative.

Conclude why an externality might exist in the situation that you described, and determine the solutions to mitigate these particular externalities.

Analyze the different stakeholders (i.e., government, three (3) affected parties) that are involved in the externality, and identify what their roles are with regard to the externality.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

Use economic analysis to describe the social costs and benefits of government and public policy choices.

Analyze the relationship between economic activity and the resources available in a society.

Use technology and information resources to research economic problems and issues.

Write clearly and concisely about economic problems and issues using proper writing mechanics.

Mexican Grill, Inc.: Food With Integrity

Read Case #18- Chipolte: Mexican Grill, Inc.: Food With Integrity and answer the following questions (each question a subsection):

 

  1. Do you think CMG is a successful company? Defend your stance with research application.
  2. How do CMG’s resources support the company’s competitive position?
  3. What challenges, within the case, did CMG face in 2012? In 2015 have they overcome such challenges? How?
  4. What would you recommend the company do moving forward to remain competitive?
  5. How does the topics in Chapter 4 apply to this case study?
  6. submit your responses to the Weekly Assignment Folder.

Additional case resources:

Post/submit homework to the assignment folder for grading.

Make sure you provide substantive graduate level answers.

Make sure you use adequate, credible and reliable APA source citations to support your work.

**Minimum 3 full pages**

***Resubmittals are not accepted once a graded has been awarded***

***ALL written assignments must be submitted in Word document format ONLY**

Delta Airlines and the Trainer Refinery

Read Case #19- Delta Airlines and the Trainer Refinery and answer the following questions (each question its own subsection):

1.    What drives the basic economies of the airline industry? The refining industry?
2.    How is Delta different from other airlines?
3.    How would owing the Trainer Refinery help Delta manage its fuel costs in the future? Is this offset by operation cost?
4.   What impact does buying an oil refinery have on Delta as a company? Is this a good strategic move? Why/why not?
5.   How does the merger between Delta and Virgin Airlines impact the company as a whole? (outside research required).

Additional case resources:

Post/submit homework to the assignment folder for grading.

Make sure you provide substantive graduate level answers.

Make sure you use adequate, credible and reliable APA source citations to support your work.

**Minimum 3 full pages**

***Resubmittals are not accepted once a graded has been awarded***

***ALL written assignments must be submitted in Word document format ONLY**

Aggregate Expenditures Model

Suppose that the price level is constant and that investment decreases sharply. How would you show this decrease in the aggregate expenditures model? What would be the outcome for real GDP? How would you show this fall in investment in the aggregate demand–aggregate supply model, assuming the economy is operating in what, in effect, is a horizontal section of the aggregate supply curve?

Economics

250-300 works  APA style

A New Hampshire resort offers year-round activities: in winter, skiing and other cold-weather activities; in the summer, golf, tennis, and hiking. The resort’s operating costs are essentially the same in winter and summer. Management charges higher nightly rates in the winter, when its average occupancy rate is 75 percent, than in the summer, when its occupancy rate is 85 percent. Can this policy be consistent with profit maximization? Explain.

Economics

300 word APA

Explain how international trade increases economic efficiency and how trade barriers and tariffs inhibit efficiency.

MACROECONOMICS : GDP, INFLATION RATE, UNEMPLOYMENT RATE

URL : http://data.worldbank.org/

Use the above url to obtain GDP,Unemployment and inflation rate from ONE country

Working individually, conduct research on the economic performance of ONE (1) country over the last ten years, from 2004 to 2013, applying the macroeconomic indicators of real GDP, real GDP growth rate, real GDP per capita , unemployment rate and inflation rate to argue whether you think the performance to be strong or weak.

Discuss the performance of the economy over those ten years and provide evidence and explanations for the economic performance such as a high unemployment rate, high inflation rate and/or steady, long-term economic growth. Where appropriate, you should also explain how the policies of the government aim to achieve full employment, stable price and/or economic growth.

More marks will be awarded for reports which provide more detailed discussion and in-depth analysis. The essay shall be about 2,000 words (+/- 10%).

 iii) Assignment Format

Introduction

• Provide an overview of the chosen economy

Production output performance analysis

• Real GDP, Real GDP growth rate, Real GDP per capita analysis

• Define and explain how each indicator above measures performance of the economy

• Describe and explain performance trends of the economy

• Research and explain Government’s measures adopted to achieve the production output performance

Labour market analysis

• Describe unemployment trends based on unemployment rates

• Define unemployment and describe the typical types of unemployment in an economy

• Research and identify the types of unemployment in the chosen economy

• Research and explain Government’s measures adopted to achieve full Employment

Price level analysis

• Describe the inflation trend based on inflation rate

• Define inflation and describe the typical causes of inflation

• Research and identify the cause(s) of inflation in the chosen economy

• Research and explain Government’s measures to achieve stable price

Conclusion

• Summary of key highlights of the discussion

  1. iv) Assignment Style

All sources referred to in your essay, including any diagrams, must be referenced to in-text and be included in a full reference list at the end of the assignment, according to the APA system of referencing

Supply and Demand Curves

It is important that you are able to apply demand and supply analysis to events that you experience or read about in your life. Find an article from a newspaper or periodical that illustrates a market. Complete the following steps:

  • Underline one sentence (market) to be analyzed (the article may discuss several markets).
  • Identify the good or service.
  • Discuss the relevant prices and quantities for the current market situation and identify what you believe is the equilibrium price and quantity.
  • Discuss any shifts that have taken place in the supply or demand curves. Make certain that movements along a curve are not confused with shifts in the curves themselves.

Complete a one page analysis of your article. The answer should be concise and the market you are analyzing should be clearly stated at the top of the page. Be sure to include a proper APA citation and references for your article.

ECONOMETRICS

A three-variable regression gave the following results:
What is the sample size?
What is the value of the RSS?
What are the d.f. of the ESS and RSS?
What is R2 and R2?
Test the hypothesis that X2 and X3 have zero influence on Y.Which test do you use and why?
 
From the preceding information, can you determine the individual contribution of X2 and X3 towards Y?

ECONOMETRICS

According to the United States information for 1965-IQ to 1983-IQ (n=76), James and Adibi obtained the following regression to explain personal consumption expenditure in the United States
^
Y = -10.96 + .93X(sub 2t) – 2.09X(sub 3t)
t= (-3.33) (249.06) (-3.09) R^2 = 0.9996
F= 83,753.7
where
Y = the PCE($, in billions)
X(sub 2) = the disposable (i.e. after-tax) income in billions
X(sub 3) = the prime rate (%) charged by banks
a.What is the marginal propensity to consume(MPC)- the amount of additional consumption expenditure from an additional dollar’s personal disposable income?
b. Is the MPC statistically different from 1? show the appropriate testing procedure.
c. What is the rationale for the inclusion of the prime rate variable in the model? A priori, would u expect a negative sign for this variable?
d. Is b(sub 3) significantly different from zero? Why?
e. Test the hypothesis that R^2 = 0. Show work.
f. Compute the standard error of each coefficient. Show work.

Ethical Theories

 
 
Review the definitions of Kantianism, Utilitarianism, Liberal Individualism, and Communitarianism. Describe a real-life example for each of them, from both personal and a career perspectives

monopolistic competition

Watch this video: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/videos/b/e409c9f4-d07e-48e1-bc56-f8648d4f102b Then, type a three to five page paper with the following information: Find Chipotle’s annual report and then find another restaurant’s annual report. Explain the similarities and differences in their characteristics such as: Pricing and output (e.g. menu pricing, number of stores, customers served) Market power (e.g. market capitalization, ranking, percentage of industry) Revenues and cost structures (e.g. total revenue, revenue per store, food costs, labor costs, operating expenses) If you were to open a restaurant, how would you differentiate your restaurant to compete in this industry? Additional research is required as you need to cite a minimum of two additional sources. Must be cited in APA format. For more information on APA format, go to Purdue OWL. Must be scholarly, reliable, and current resources (The Wall Street Journal, The Economist, etc.) The textbook and definition websites (Wikipedia, Investopedia, Amosweb, Ehow, Econlib, etc.) cannot be used as sources Grade will be based on student’s use of analysis, critical thinking, use of technology, communication methods, and economic content. Type and submit a three to five page paper. Double-space in 12-point font with 1″ margins

SUPPLY AND DEMAND – PRINCIPLE OF MICRO ECONOMICS COURSE

As an economist for ABC Plastics, your boss has asked you to respond to some questions she has regarding the company’s main product, tablet cases. A marketing research firm recently developed the following supply and demand schedules for tablet cases:

Price/Case Quantity Demanded Quantity Supplied
$24 5000 18000
22 6000 17000
20 7000 16000
18 8000 15000
16 10000 14000
14 11000 13000
12 12000 12000
10 13000 11000
8 14000 10000
6 15000 9000
4 16000 8000
2 17000 7000

You are to develop a report addressing the following questions and present your findings to the Board of Directors:
Questions:

  1. Construct a graph showing supply and demand in the tablet case market, using Microsoft Excel.
  2. How are the laws of supply and demand illustrated in this graph? Explain your answers.
  3. What is the equilibrium price and quantity in this market?
  4. Assume that the government imposes a price floor of $16 in the tablet case market. What would happen in this market?
  5. Assume that the price floor is removed and a price ceiling is imposed at $8. What would happen in this market?
  6. Now assume that the price of tablet cases drops by 50%. How would this change impact the demand for tablet cases? Explain your answer and reconstruct the graph developed in question one to show this change.
  7. Assume that incomes of the consumers in this market increase. What would happen in this market? Explain your answer and reconstruct the graph developed in question one to show this change.
  8. Assume that the number of sellers decreases in this market. What would happen in this market? Explain your answer and reconstruct the graph developed in question one to show this change.
  9. Explain the difference between a normal good and an inferior good. Would your answers to question #7 change, depending on whether this good is a normal or inferior good? Why or why not?

Present your analysis in Microsoft Excel format. Enter non-numerical responses in the same worksheet using textboxes.
NO PLAGIARISM PLEASE

Case Incident 1: “Lessons for ‘Undercover’ Bosses”

The Assignment for this section is Case Incident 1: “Lessons for ‘Undercover’ Bosses” (found at the end of Chapter 1 of your text). Please use the Assignment template, which is provided in this section only. It will give you an idea of the general format for subsequent Assignments.

Respond in essay format to the following 4 questions regarding case incident as seen in the Assignment document below.

Checklist:

Address the following questions in your 2—3 page essay adding an additional title and references page:

  1. What are some of the things managers can learn by walking around and having daily contact with line employees that they might not be able to learn from looking at data and reports?
  2. As an employee, would you appreciate knowing your supervisor regularly spent time with workers? How would knowing top executives routinely interact with line employees affect your attitudes toward the organization?
  3. What ways can executives and other organizational leaders learn about day-to-day business operations besides going “undercover?”
  4. Are there any dangers in the use of a management by walking around strategy? Could this strategy lead employees to feel they are being spied on? What actions on the part of managers might minimize these concerns?

The minimum page count requirement for this Assignment is 2–3 pages in a Microsoft® Word® document using correct APA format and citation style; this does not include the cover page or the references page.

Attachments:

C13 Microeconomics

Directions:  Be sure to save an electronic copy of your answer before submitting it to Ashworth College for grading. Unless otherwise stated, answer in complete sentences, and be sure to use correct English, spelling and grammar. Sources must be cited in APA format. Your response should be four (4) double-spaced pages; refer to the “Assignment Format” page located on the Course Home page for specific format requirements.
Part A
Imagine that it is the year 2199. Technology has progressed at an incredible pace. The latest discovery is the plutonium engine, which is capable of converting plutonium, a by-product of nuclear fission, into fuel to power the nuclear reactors in our new form of transportation, the rocket-car. However, because the firm that invented the engine, the Futures Unlimited Corporation, already has a government license to control and distribute the quantity of this certain isotope of plutonium on the market, it is now conceivably in charge of a monopoly on plutonium-fueled transportation.

  1. Describe the economic outcome of this single-price monopoly in terms of profit. Provide one (1) supporting fact to support your response.
  2. Describe one (1) way that the Futures Unlimited Corporation makes output and price decisions.

Part B

  1. Would consumers benefit more from a tariff or a quota on imports? Provide one (1) supporting fact to support your response.
  2. Consider the following weekly production possibilities of gloves and hats in Panama and Russia:

Principles of Micro-Economics

Your supervisor has been asked many questions about how the economy works and why the idea of limited resources is such a major concern in today’s economy. As a result, she has asked you to prepare a report on the topics.
Specifically, your supervisor has asked you about to prepare:

Tasks:

  • A circular flow diagram that includes the government sector. For this part of your paper, you should include a description of the roles that each participant plays in the economy and how the different sectors interact in the markets.
  • An illustration of the Production Possibilities model, including a summary of what the model is illustrating and the economic implications for the economy.
  • An explanation of why or why not trade with other countries is beneficial to an economy and how international trade fits into the circular flow diagram.
  • An explanation of the difference between micro and macro economics, indicating why the division is necessary.

Deliverables:

  • Prepare a 5 page Microsoft Word document that addresses the above tasks and meets APA standards.
  • Include a summary section in your report that contains 5-7 bullet points identifying your major findings or conclusions of your paper.

 
APA FORMAT

MicroEconomics Unit 5 paper

There have been several mergers of large firms within oligopolies. In this assignment, you are to select one merger that has been approved by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) in the last five years; describe and analyze the impact of those mergers, on industry, on consumers, and on society as a whole. Complete the following:
Go to the Federal Trade Commission’s Web site and select 1 merger that the FTC has approved in the last five years.
Write a paper that describes the principle firms, their industry, and that summarizes arguments in support of the merger and arguments opposing the merger. The paper should be approximately 2 pages in length, excluding the title page and bibliography.
In addition to the 2 pages of content, include a title page, abstract, and bibliography.
Some Things to Consider: Industry Description
Consider the following:
Describe the firms in the proposed merger. List their annual sales, and extent of their operations.
From the firms’ point of view, what are some of the incentives to consolidate?
Describe the competitive environment within the industry.
Some Things to Consider: Summaries
Consider the following:
Explain whether the competitive environment in this industry benefits society or not.
Is a high degree of market concentration a boon or threat to consumers? Explain.
How would the merger benefit the firms?
Would it benefit society or not? Explain.
You might use one or more of the following concepts: productive efficiency or administrative efficiency.

Microeconomics Term paper

This writing is expected to be equivalent to 12-14 doubled-spaced typed pages, in the form of a term paper, summaries of journal articles, short research papers, and/or other kinds of writing.
The following is a suggested guideline.
1. The term paper must be related to this course (economics), and must be based on some established information and principles. These facts and principles could be controversial and can even be something not usually accepted by the learned society or even common sense, but has to be more than something which is purely based on your own creativity. Creativity is of course, not discouraged, and you can use your creativity and logic to show why some established information or principle might be wrong, or even should be wrong. That would be wonderful. In finance, that’s how some contrarians become reachn (e.g., buy stocks when they are cheap because others do not realize their value). In many field, they could earn you Nobel prizes or even make you immortal, for example, Galileo and Einstein.
2. It is absolutely important that no two terms papers should be so similar even if great minds sometimes think alike.
3. A possible procedure to write your term paper may one which I modified from an old IRAC rule when I was a first semester law student. I call our procedure the IPAC, which standard for Information, Principles, Application, and Conclusion.
A. I stands for information, which must be from a published source (newspaper, book, internet, textbook, or ??), and for which you can find some relation with economic matters.
B. P stands for principle(s). What is the principle or principles which one should follow on matters related to the information in A. You need to state where can one find that principle. “It kis well known” is not enough, but statements from any published source (see A above) is good. You need to cite the source, and should be able to include a photocopy of that source. (It could be in any language, if a translation into English is also included.)
C. A stands for application. How can we apply the principles in B to the information in A? In your opinion, what are some possible of the possible actions one way or another?
D. C stands for conclusion and possibly also recommendation.
Example:
I. In the Doorstreet Journal, there is a human interest article about an old Phinese man by the name Luap Fang. He lost most of his savings, and his employer went bankrupt and will not be able to gtve him the retirement pension he was counting on, etc. etc. (You need to cite the source, and enclosed a photocopy of the article or a printout if you found the info on the internet).
P. Next, you need to think what might be some economically related principles. It would be nice if the priniciples are stated in some economics or financial book, but any verifiable source will do. For example, how to find a somewhat better job and the prospect for an older person to find a new job are reported in many places., and you can select one or more of these. A second example, government has both unemployment, pension benefit guarantee, take social security at an earlier age, welfare, etc., and you can cite the sources and discuss them. Another example, perhaps Luap Fang decided to gamble and buy lotto tickets. What are the mathematically principles about lotteries? Lastly, in addition to many other possible aspects and principles, how about some religious ones. If Luap Fang was brought up a s Taoist believer,what are some of the principles and what economic implications may there be? What is Luap Fang is a believer of the teachings of St. Luke (VI. 24-26), what are some economic implications?
A. Whichever principle(s) you choose (not all of them), how would the principle(s) apply to the information you found?
D. Now the conclusion, what should Luap Fand do? What are some of the consequences or chances of success or failure?

Microeconomics assignment 4 pages

C13 Microeconomics

Enclosed is a homework assignment which I would like to have done. Please note that sources must be cited in APA format. The response should be four (4) double-spaced pages.

Directions: Be sure to save an electronic copy of your answer before submitting it to Ashworth College for grading. Unless otherwise stated, answer in complete sentences, and be sure to use correct English, spelling and grammar. Sources must be cited in APA format. Your response should be four (4) double-spaced pages; refer to the “Assignment Format” page located on the Course Home page for specific format requirements.
Part A
Imagine that it is the year 2199. Technology has progressed at an incredible pace. The latest discovery is the plutonium engine, which is capable of converting plutonium, a by-product of nuclear fission, into fuel to power the nuclear reactors in our new form of transportation, the rocket-car. However, because the firm that invented the engine, the Futures Unlimited Corporation, already has a government license to control and distribute the quantity of this certain isotope of plutonium on the market, it is now conceivably in charge of a monopoly on plutonium-fueled transportation.
1. Describe the economic outcome of this single-price monopoly in terms of profit. Provide one (1) supporting fact to support your response.
2. Describe one (1) way that the Futures Unlimited Corporation makes output and price decisions.
Part B
1. Would consumers benefit more from a tariff or a quota on imports? Provide one (1) supporting fact to support your response.
2. Consider the following weekly production possibilities of gloves and hats in Panama and Russia:
Russia Panama
Gloves 20 180
Hats 80 90
a. What is each country’s opportunity cost of producing gloves and hats?
b. If the countries could, should they trade? Provide one (1) supporting fact to support your position.
Grading Rubric
Please refer to the rubric on the following page for the grading criteria for this assignment.

Microsoft Cost Structure

Prepare a three to four page report titled “Microsoft Cost Structure”. The report should be based on the publicly available information that you obtained.
Compose your report in Microsoft Word following APA guidelines. Please include your name, the assignment name and number, the course and section number, and the date on your title page. The report should contain all sources you utilized in its preparation, properly cited according to APA guidelines.
You need to include the following sections in your report:
An overview of your company’s cost structure:
Types of fixed costs
Types of variable costs
Factors affecting these costs
Average cost behavior and trends over time
Elasticity discussion:
Do you believe that, in general, the demand for your company’s products and / or services is elastic? Why? (Would the total quantity demanded in the market decrease proportionately more with an increase in price?)
Do you believe that, in general, the supply for the industry, where your company operates is elastic? Why? (Would the total quantity supplied to the market increase proportionately more with an increase in price?)
Characteristics of a short run (timeline, nature of fixed costs)
Explain whether it is possible for your company to operate at a loss in the short run
Short run vs. long run dynamics for your company:
Estimate your firm’s fixed costs and variable costs based on the Income Statements for the three latest years for your company (available on Yahoo! Finance); classify the costs as either fixed or variable. Comment on the dynamic (changes) in your company’s cost structure.
Conclusion – your company’s ability to adjust to changing market conditions
**Note- I have attached the first Microsoft paper written by Dream Essays and the sources are below. Please use Yahoo Finance if needed**
Vault.com. (2015). Microsoft Corporation at a Glance. Retrieved from Vault.com: http://www.vault.com/company-profiles/computer-software/microsoft-corporation/company-overview.aspx
Yahoo Finance. (2015, April 10). Microsoft Corporation. Retrieved from Finance.Yahoo.com: https://finance.yahoo.com/q/pr?s=MSFT+profile
Number of pages: 3 Number of sources: 0 Citation style: apa Academic level: collegeyear2 Course name: Micro-Economics Course level: 210

Health Economics

  • From the first e-Activity, determine the most commonly used population and individual measures used in providing healthcare today. Examine the primary impact that these measures exert on the choices that consumers make in order to address their own healthcare needs. Justify your response.
  • From the second e-Activity, compare the magnitude of healthcare costs in the United States to that of other developed countries. Analyze at least three (3) differences that you believe exist between the decisions that U.S. consumers and the consumers in other developed countries make regarding healthcare. Provide a rationale for your response.

"Health Demand, Elasticity, Principle and Agent in Determining Demand for Medical Care"

Please respond to the following:

  • From the e-Activity, compare the primary individual factors that influence demand, and explain the significant ways in which each affects the demand curve. Provide at least one (1) example of these factors to support your rationale.
  • Imagine a situation where consumers have incomplete information about their health status and about the productivity of medical care. Examine the roles of the principal and the agent in helping consumers to determine the demand for medical care in the described situation. Provide at least one (1) detailed example of such roles in action to support your response.

Economics homework

Complete the external environmental scan for your organization.
Perform an internal competitive environmental scan for your organization.
Write a summary of no more than 1,400 words that does the following:

  • Identifies and analyzes the most important external environmental factor in the remote, industry, and external operating environments 
  • Identifies and analyzes the most important internal strengths and weaknesses of your organization: include an assessment of the organization’s resources
  • Assesses the organization’s competitive position and possibilities 
  • Analyzes the structure of the organization and how this affects organizational performance

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Comparing and Contrasting Economic Systems

Natural disasters and wars are crises that impact every type of economy, regardless of economic system. All types of economic systems struggle to respond quickly to such destruction.

Your module readings provide insight into various types of economic systems, including the free market system, socialism, and communism. Each of these systems has an impact on the way businesses operate and on how the government responds to economic crises caused by wars or natural disasters.

Use online library resources, and the Internet to research natural disasters occurring over the last three years. Identify one natural disaster to examine further in this assignment.

Respond to the following:

  • Describe the natural disaster in terms of where and when it took place.
  • Describe the damage that was done to people and property and the initial government response.
  • Describe the economic system of the government.
  • Examine the effectiveness of the initial government response in terms of stabilizing the situation and rendering aid to those immediately affected. Consider whether the economic system enabled a speedy response to those affected by the natural disaster.

Write your initial response in 250–300 words. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.

Managerial competence

The base rate of managerial incompetence is estimated to be 50 to 75%. This means that a majority of people in positions of authority have difficulties getting a group of people to work effectively together or get results. a. What do you think about this percentage? For example, is it too high or too low, and why? b. Think about the effective and ineffective leaders for whom you have worked. Using the overview of leader traits and skills provided in this week’s lecture and readings, what traits did the effective leaders possess and/or what behaviors did they exhibit that caused them to get results? c. What traits and/or behaviors did the ineffective leaders demonstrate?

Macroeconomic Policy and Floating Exchange Rates

1. Reducing inflation using monetary policy is easier if there is international capital mobility. Show why this true.
2. Discuss the different effects of the following policy mixes:
a. Expansionary fiscal policy and expansionary monetary policy.
b. Expansionary fiscal policy and contractionary monetary policy.
c. Contractionary fiscal policy and expansionary monetary policy.
d. Contractionary fiscal policy and contractionary monetary policy.

Economics

1. The U.S has unusually high income elasticity of demand for imports. If the U.S economy had an exceptionally strong year of economic growth, what effects would this have on output and the price level?
2. Suppose that real interest rates in a county fell. What effect would this have on the real exchange rate and the current account? How this would effects equilibrium output and the price level?

knowledge economy

1.) It has been argued that the United States’ economy is shifting from a manufacturing base to a “knowledge economy”. What is a knowledge economy? What changes will be necessary for the shift to a knowledge economy?
2.) Explain the concepts of reactivity and inertia as well as how each concept acts as a barrier to change in criminal justice organizations.
3.) What does the term “disproportionate minority contact” mean? How does disproportionate minority contact play out in the juvenile justice system?
4.) What is the extent of crime where you live? Locate the agency that compiles crime statistics for your state and search for the crime statistics for your county for the year 2007. Describe your findings. How do these numbers compare with your beliefs about the extent and nature of crime in the county where you live? Include a link to the agency’s web page.
200 words per question. Also provide references in APA format.

Great Recession of 2008

Analyze the Great Recession of 2008 and address the following in a paper:

  1. Specify the exact duration and severity of the 2008 recession. 2 points
  2. Identify and explain the root causes of the 2008 recession. 6 points
  3. Identify the three individuals, firms or agencies that, in your opinion, contributed the most to the recession and explain your answer. 4 points
  4. Explain the economic actions or controls the U.S. implemented to fight the 2008 recession, and how effective they were in fighting recession. 4 points
  5. Identify any actions the US failed to take in fighting the 2008 recession. 2 points
  6. Explain the role of moral hazard in the recession and the recovery. 2 points

Note: Your assignment must be in expository essay form, comply with APA style formatting, be 3-7 pages long (not counting cover and references pages), and in MS Word.

Economics Paper

Select an article in a newspaper or magazine that discusses a government policy on goods or services. Analyze the situation and write an articulate and informative paper containing the following:

  • Summarize the article using at least three economic terms and theories covered in class.
  • Identify the impact of the policy on demand or supply of the good(s) or service(s). Discuss the change(s).
  • Draw a supply and demand graph to explain this change. Be sure to label your graph and clearly indicate the change of the curve.

Adhere to the following standards:

  • Your paper should be three to five pages in length, not including the title or references pages.
  • Your paper should include an introduction, a body with at least two fully developed paragraphs, and a conclusion. APA format.

Economics Homework

Economists representing the Federal Reserve, the FDIC, and the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency have gathered for meeting discuss a formal response to concerns that top managers at some of the nation’s largest banks have expressed in a joint memorandum issued by the banks to all three regulators. The bank officials are concerned about the on-going shrinkage of bank assets as a share of total assets of financial institutions in the United States. In the late 1990s, assets of commercial banks as a percentage of total assets of U.S. financial institutions fell below mutual funds’ share of total financial institution assets. If current trends continue, the share of total financial assets in pension funds also will bypass banks’ share of total assets sometime before 2010.
The bankers admit that they earned relatively high net interest margins and returns on equity and assets during the 1990s even as these market share trends were in progress. They also admit that their fee income and trading profits earned from derivatives and other off-balance-sheet activities have increased significantly in recent years. Nevertheless, the bankers are getting nervous. Isn’t it time, they ask in the memorandum, for bank regulators to start pushing Congress to ease up on their regulatory burden and to toughen the rules for other financial institutions so that banks will have a better chance of pushing back up their institutions’ share of total assets among all financial institutions?
How should the Fed, FDIC, OCC economists respond to this argument?

feasibility study on telemedicine

Final Paper Building on the work you completed in Weeks Two and Four, you will complete a feasibility study based on a pre-approved health care project of your choice. Using the feasibility study outlined in the Daniels and Dickson (1990) article as a model, and including a minimum of six other scholarly sources, create a 12- to 15-page feasibility study that includes the following headings and supporting information: Evaluating Feasibility The concept of a feasibility study is central to viability, the “worth to the effort” ratio, and return on investment (ROI). What needs to be taken into consideration to create a feasibility study (e.g., human resources, community needs, and technological advances, federal and state regulatory issues)? Within this section, you will research and design an economical health care service that is responsive to a given market. This research stems from understanding your target population and present need in health services. Furthermore, as you have seen from the Daniels and Dickson (1990) article, you must appraise your human resources, capital investment, and how your effort will yield a return on investment from a facilities perspective as well as the tangible greater good of providing healthcare to a community. Strategic Effect Analyze the role of public policy with regard to your project. What policies and processes should be in place to create an effective program? How will you measure the effectiveness of your program and your provision of health care services? Develop a microeconomic model that is responsive to the specific health care service demands of your target population. For example, the current trend of the medical home model, which allows for the coordination of care, allows for better communication among service providers as well as convenience for patients. Is the population a market priority? How does your program serve a need for your target population? Market Analysis Within this section you will identify the population demographics, who your competitors are, and whether or not a real need for the services you are proposing exists in the community. As you examine the demographic and population needs using Census data and other reliable sources, you must also consider what competitors, if any, exist in the present climate. This requires an evaluation of the present socioeconomic and cultural trends influencing how people make decisions in health care. In addition, in this analysis you will need to compare and contrast economic challenges and incentives among health care’s organization models. This comparison requires an understanding of past challenges and incentives that other organizations have implemented. Financial Analysis This section includes the revenue, expenses, and net income. Compare and contrast economic challenges and incentives by finding and describing multiple sources of public and private funding (e.g., grants, donations, awards, special projects) for this project. Include a reference list for your funding sources that is formatted in APA as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. Next, identify the funding constraints for each source. Include limitations of monies awarded, timing issues, fitting the needs of the funding sources, difficulties of connecting with private funders, etc. Finally, specify the internal ramifications of moving forward using SWOT analysis. What are the fixed and variable costs associated with your project? What are the annual maintenance and operation costs? Elaborate on how you arrived at your sensitivity analysis conclusions. Operations Performance This section examines the incremental effect of how your proposed service will impact all aspects of health services. This portion of the study explores how the statistical data you have researched affects the proposed service in terms of efficiency and value. This can be difficult to measure initially. However, through incremental and ongoing evaluation of operations, you can begin to see what constitutes the best performance in this instance and how it serves the target population. In this section, you will further illustrate the incentives and challenges faced by a health organization and communicate the relevance of economics within the U.S. health care system as it pertains to your proposed services. Inpatient If your proposed study has an inpatient component, this section will analyze on volume of patients, types of payers, and how utilization rates impact your proposed study. In addition, you will further explain how your new inpatient service will add value for patients and improve the financial viability of the institution. This section will require you to use both qualitative and quantitative data to justify the plan. Hospitals operate in terms of how many beds are occupied relative to how many are empty. Most CEOs want to see that a unit is running at near full capacity and that volume is increasing year to year. Analyze how your proposal will meet these demands by explaining the data you have collected and predicting potential financial outcomes. Finally, evaluate and explain how value-based care will impact your ability to maintain margins within this newly proposed service. Outpatient If your proposed study has an outpatient component, examine how admissions, revenue, and workflow of staff will improve the efficiency of your proposed service. Analyze how your outpatient service will add value for patients and improve the financial viability of the institution. Justify your plan with appropriate data. As stated in the inpatient section, the content here applies much the same way. However, the caveat for outpatient services lies in the ambulatory setting. This aspect should be most interesting under conditions created by the Affordable Care Act. The new paradigm shift will be toward more preventative, primary, and outpatient care settings to reduce the numbers of patients being admitted to hospitals. Please explain how your proposal takes these conditions into consideration. In this section, you will further compare and contrast economic challenges and incentives among health care’s organization models in an outpatient setting. You will also further augment your design in an economic framework that is responsive to your market. Outlook This section examines future implications of your proposed services and how they will impact the future health outcomes of the community and financial health of the services being provided. Analyze economic theories that are germane to the provision of your proposed health services. What adjustments might you need to make in terms of what the “unintended consequences” may be? For example, Baylor Hospital in Houston proposed and spent 250 million to create a brand new hospital that currently stands empty because it was built during the U.S. economic downturn, the loan was no longer able to finance the construction, and the initial examination of its necessity did not play out as expected. Provide conclusions and implications of how your feasibility study fits within the larger context of the system of services currently being provided. How do they work with one another within the larger health care system? Finally, evaluate how your study will respond to market and design models that impact the community based on current regulatory and market needs. Writing the Final Paper The Final Paper: Must be 12 to 15 double-spaced pages in length, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. Must include a title page with the following: Title of paper Student’s name Course name and number Instructor’s name Date submitted Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement. Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought. Must include the listed headings with the content required under each. Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis. Must use at least six scholarly sources that were published within the last five years, including a minimum of three peer-reviewed sources from the Ashford University Library. Must do
cument all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. Remember to include a SWOT analysis

"Herbert Hoover and The Great Depression"

Write an essay on “Herbert Hoover “ and “The Great Depression”
You will then identify 3 scholarly books using WorldCat (www.worldcat.org), 3 scholarly articles using JSTOR, Academic Search Complete, Academic OneFile and 3 reputable websites to create a bibliography related to the topic.

  • The summary must be typed and doubled-spaced, have 1-inch margins, and be 1 page.
  • The use of current Turabian formatting is required.
  • Your essay must be divided into 3 distinct parts: an introduction, the body, and a conclusion.

o   In your introduction (approximately 1 paragraph), you must introduce the main arguments of your essay and present a clear thesis statement.
o   In your body (at least 3, but generally more than 3, paragraphs), you must define and analyze your arguments. You must also provide specific examples and/or quotations to support your assertions.
o   In your conclusion (approximately 1 paragraph), you must summarize your main arguments and reiterate your thesis statement.

  • Before writing your paper, make an outline that is divided into the above parts (introduction, body, and conclusion).
  • Make sure that your paper has a persuasive thesis and that each paragraph contains a clear theme.
  • Keep each of your paragraphs to a reasonable length. Paragraphs that are either too short or too long are not normally effective. A good rule of thumb is to keep your paragraphs to an average of 10 lines.
  • Use quotations sparingly and avoid long quotations (greater than 5 lines). Only use a quotation when you cannot say it better. If you do use a quotation, make sure that you cite it.
  • Make sure you include page numbers with all citations.

System Analysis

In this course, you will progressively work on a system implementation process in six stages:

  • Week 1: System planning
  • Week 2: System analysis
  • Week 3: System selection
  • Week 4: System implementation
  • Week 5: User training and system maintenance

You can use Internet resources, peer-reviewed journals, and reputable, published articles, and you may interview an executive of a healthcare facility that has implemented an electronic medical record system/electronic health record system or similar system to describe the six implementation steps.

This week, you will conduct system analysis. System analysis is a process of collecting, organizing, and evaluating data about the information systems and the environment in which the system operates. For this section, you need to answer the following questions:

  • What is the current system for your fictional healthcare organization?
  • What problems do you have with the current system? Where do its weaknesses lie?
  • What changes will the implementation of a new system yield, and how will they impact the working of the organization?
  • Would you like to extend the existing system or replace it?
  • What is your phase-out plan for the existing system?

Complete the assignment in a 3–5-page Word document and name it

Managerial Economics (Affordable Care Act)

Essay:
• 7-8 pages (approx. 300 words per page), not including title page or references page
• Minimum of 7 library resources cited in your work and listed as reference.
• MUST Submit Plagiarism Check Report. (I will do this Part)
Introduction
This will examine the Affordable Care Act (ACA) from the point of view of the health care providers.
Activity Instructions
In an essay, address the following questions:
•How does the employer mandate help eliminate the problem of adverse selection? Would a single-payer plan, in which everybody is insured through the government, further reduce the problem of adverse selection?
•What do you think would happen to health care expenditures in the United States under either the ACA or a single-payer plan? Consider the following:
•Market supply and demand
•Economics of scale
•Incentives facing health-care providers
•That preventative medicine would be available to more citizens
•Any moral hazard issues
•Any adverse selection issues
•Any other issues from this course that come to mind
Explain your thoughts thoroughly using concepts from the related chapters and lectures
Writing Requirements (APA format)
•7-8 pages (approx. 300 words per page), not including title page or references page
•1-inch margins
•Double spaced
•12-point Times New Roman font
•Title page with topic and name of student
•References page (minimum of 7 resources)
Grading and Assessment
This activity will be graded based on thoroughness and correctness of responses, applying economic reasoning. In addition, grammar, usage, spelling and mechanics will contribute to a portion of your grade.

Why didn't the US economy recover quickly when Americans have a high MPC

Given the above, standard textbook economics would seem to suggest that the economy should have recovered quickly from the recession, with a huge increase in aggregate income (GDP), and that associated with that huge increase in aggregate income should have come a huge surge in employment, hours, output, prices and wages. (1) Briefly, explain the applicable multiplier and stimulus theory vis-à-vis processes and expected outcomes and magnitudes. And the follow-up: (2) What happened? That is, why was the theory so wrong? Or was the theory not wrong? In general, reconcile the theory and the observed outcome. Be analytical.

Economics ; Sampling assignment

Based on the feedback you received on your submission from last week, submit a revised draft of your paper with this additional information:
1.Five additional references that could be used for your research paper and include a 1-2 sentence description for each of the five additional references, explaining how they fit with the research topic and the research question proposed. Make sure that these references come from scholarly sources using Argosy’s library resources.
2.A  very detailed outline of what you would like to cover in the intro/lit review of your paper. Write it as an outline and think about what you want each paragraph or section to cover. Paste your references into each section where the information from that article applies to the topic. Below is an example of the outline although the references have not been pasted in yet:
a.Introduction or Statement of the Problem (e.g. Predictors of Depression in Men)
i.Research question (E.g. What factors predict depression in men? For example, age, marital status, family history, stressors).
ii.Why is it important/implications  (E.g. xx% of men are depressed; less likely to seek treatment; if we can identify who is at risk, may be able to direct them to treatment sooner)
iii.Revised hypothesis based on feedback from the instructor
b.Review of the Literature (the following is an example for above topic):
i.Brief description of depression, symptoms, and any unique symptoms for men (Cite articles from which you will obtain this information).
ii.How widespread is it? Stats on depression in general but also stats on depression in men (Cite articles from which you will obtain this information).
iii.List factors that put men at risk for depression (Cite articles).
1.Difficulty communicating distress or sadness (Cite articles).
2.Job/work pressures (Cite articles).
iv.Demographic characteristics (Cite articles).
1.Relationship between age and depression (Cite articles).
2.Relationship between marital status and depression (Cite articles).
3.A 1-2 page description of the sample you would like to use for your study, that provides the answer to the following questions:
a.What sampling technique would you use?
b.Does the sample generalize to the population? Explain why or why not.
c.What inclusion criteria would be used? What exclusion criteria would be used, if any?
d.What ethical issues might be encountered when collecting your information from this sample?
4.Be sure to also submit all your ten references (the five from last week and the five new ones you added) in an APA-style reference page. Be sure to also include an APA-style title page with your submission. Your paper should be at least 2-3 pages long. Make sure you write in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrate ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; display accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

International Trade

Visit the U.S. Government Web site, TradeStats Express: http://tse.export.gov/TSE/TSEReports.aspx?DATA=NTD

  1. Find National Trade Data.
  2. Determine the trade balance between the U.S. and China for the most recent five year period.
  3. Illustrate the trend over this period with a graph of the data.

Based on the data provided, create a report in Microsoft Word discussing the trade balance between China and the U.S. for the most recent five year period. In your discussion, include an analysis of the effect of such trade balance on the economies of China and the U.S., both individually and comparatively. Justify your discussion and analysis by using appropriate examples and references.  Include in your report an analysis of the impact on the U.S. economy of the situation where China holds such a large amount of the U.S. debt.

MACRO – The Net Exports Effect

The “net exports effect” is the impact on a country’s total spending caused by an inverse relationship between the price level and the net exports of an economy. Using this principle, discuss how the following economic variables change during an economic expansion:
 

  • The balance of payments
  • The rate of interest
  • The value of the dollar

In your answer, also discuss the case in the context of both a flexible exchange rate and a fixed exchange rate.

Article Summary

Summarize and critically evaluate an article dealing with a microeconomic topic from a popular source (Forbes article PROVIDED in attachments 1-6).  Identify the microeconomic issue(s) involved.  You must use the following outline as a template for submitting this assignment (200-300 words).    This research assignment will be evaluated according to the percentages given in parentheses corresponding to each section in the outline.
I.Source – publication or website, title of article, author, date, etc. (10%)
II.Summary (30%)
III.Microeconomic issue(s) (30%)
IV.Critical evaluation (30%)
 
Micrsoft word APA format, good quality paper, no grammar errors, and on time!

Quantitative Analysis

You are the new owner of Drespie Corn Products and Refineries. You are interested in your company’s cost and revenue relationships as well as its future pricing strategies. Accordingly, you have developed the following relationships, which you believe to be accurate on the basis of historical data:

P = $50 – $0.005Q

TC = $73,500 + $6Q + $0.0006Q2

MR = $50 – $0.01Q

MC = $6 – $0.0012Q

where P is the price, Q the quantity, TC the total cost, MC the marginal cost, and MR the marginal revenue.

Tasks:

    1. Using the Microsoft Excel Template given below, complete all the data in the template.
    2. Use the following formula to calculate the profit-maximizing point: MR – MC = 0. Explain your answer.
    3. Using the equation for MR (given below), calculate the revenue-maximizing level of output. Explain your answer.

MR = $50 – $0.01Q = 0

  1. What is the difference between the output level where the total profit is maximized and the output level where the total revenue (TR) is maximized? What is the significance of these two values in the decision-making process?
  2. Using Microsoft Excel, graph the data in the completed Template given below. Using the graph, identify the point where the total profit is maximized and the point where the TR is maximized. Explain your answers.

Submission Details:

  • Compile your calculations and graph in a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet
  • Your analysis in a Microsoft Word document

Monetary Policy

How do we fight a recession using Monetary Policy (Make sure to include the 4 tools of monetary policy and how we should use them.) and Fiscal Policy (Make sure to include all appropriate graphs and equations): A) Under the Classical model B) Under the
Keynesian Model C) Under the Supply Side model

public health economics health insurance

Health insurance plans have evolved over time, and efforts to develop more affordable and inclusive plans are a cornerstone of health care reform. Why do individuals purchase health care insurance? What factors might influence decisions to purchase (or not purchase) health care insurance? One influencing factor might be the concept of moral hazard which basically asserts that people take undue risks because they are not fully responsible for the consequences. A basic example is that more people visit doctors because they have health insurance, which in turn drives up the cost of health care services. The result is that insurance companies seek to limit moral hazard by imposing co-payments prior to treatment and higher premiums.
For this Discussion, explain the concept of moral hazard. Consider whether or not it has a detrimental impact on public health initiatives.
With these thoughts in mind:
Post  3-4  pages description of your concept of moral hazard. Explain whether or not it might have a detrimental impact on public health initiatives and why. Justify your response

Public Health economics

A socio-economic impact assessment examines how a proposed development will change the lives of current and future residents of a community. The indicators used to measure the potential socio-economic impacts of a development include the following:

  • Changes in community demographics
  • Results of retail/service and housing market analyses
  • Demand for public services
  • Changes in employment and income levels
  • Changes in the aesthetic quality of the community

Quantitative measurement of such factors is an important component of the socio-economic impact assessment. At the same time, the perceptions of community members about how a proposed development will affect their lives are a critical part of the assessment and should contribute to any decision to move ahead with a project. In fact, gaining an understanding of community values and concerns is an important first step in conducting a socio-economic impact assessment.
The socio-economic impacts of a proposed development on a community may actually begin the day the project is proposed. Changes in social structure and inter-actions among community members may occur once the new development is proposed to the community. In addition, real, measurable and often significant effects on the human environment can begin to take place as soon as there are changes in social or economic conditions. From the time of the earliest announcement of a pending policy change or development project, attitudes toward the project are formed, interest groups and other coalitions prepare strategies, speculators may lock up potentially important properties, and politicians can maneuver for position.
For this Discussion, review the media, “Multi-Media PowerPoint Financing Public Health,”and the Learning Resources. Then, consider the socioeconomic status of communities. Explain how this status may drive financing need for public health initiatives for the underserved populations in these communities.
With these thoughts in mind:
Post 3-4pages an explanation for whether or not socioeconomic status should be used to allocate resources for public health financing. Explain how the socioeconomic status of communities drives the financing need for public health initiatives to provide for underserved populations.

Microeconomics

Which of the following statements is true?

  1. Free trade will benefit all workers in a nation equally.
  2. As a result of specialization some workers will be displaced and harmed in the short run by free trade.
  3. Free trade leads to lower wages for all workers in both nations.
  4. Specialization will result in a decline in an industry, and none of those workers will be able to find other jobs.

 
Suppose Belgium produces only two goods, chocolate and lace. If Belgium has a comparative advantage in lace, a move toward free trade will __________ .

  1. benefit chocolate workers, harm lace workers in the short run, but benefit the nation as a whole
  2. harm chocolate workers in the short run, benefit lace workers, but benefit the nation as a whole
  3. harm chocolate workers in the short run, harm lace workers, but benefit the nation as a whole
  4. benefit chocolate workers, harm lace workers in the short run, but harm the nation as a whole

 
Question 13 of 20
5.0 Points
Suppose Panama produces only two goods, bananas and hats. If Panama has a comparative advantage in bananas, a move toward free trade will __________ .

  1. harm hat workers, benefit banana workers, but benefit the nation as a whole
  2. harm hat workers, harm banana workers, but benefit the nation as a whole
  3. benefit hat workers, harm banana workers, but harm the nation as a whole
  4. benefit hat workers, harm banana workers, but benefit the nation as a whole

 
Question 14 of 20
5.0 Points
Which of the following situations will arise in the domestic market following the removal of an import quota?

  1. imports increase, domestic production increases, prices increase
  2. imports increase, domestic production decreases, prices decrease
  3. imports decrease, domestic production increases, prices decrease
  4. imports decrease, domestic production decreases, prices increase

Question 15 of 20
5.0 Points
For a nation to have __________ in producing a good, it must have a lower opportunity cost of producing that good than the other country.

  1. a comparative advantage
  2. an absolute advantage
  3. an autarky advantage
  4. both a comparative advantage and an absolute advantage

Question 16 of 20
5.0 Points
Suppose there are only two nations, Atlantis and Pacifica, and only two goods, surfboards and kayaks. If Atlantis produces only surfboards, it can make 50 per day. If Atlantis produces only kayaks, it can make 75 per day. If Pacifica produces only surfboards, it can make 75 per day. If Pacifica produces only kayaks, it can make 75 per day. After trade begins, __________ will specialize in the production of surfboards and __________ will specialize in the production of kayaks.

  1. Atlantis; Atlantis
  2. Pacifica; Pacifica
  3. Atlantis; Pacifica
  4. Pacifica; Atlantis

Question 17 of 20
5.0 Points
Exporting nations often agree to voluntary export restraints in an attempt to __________ .

  1. employ more workers in the importing nation
  2. avoid more restrictive trade policies
  3. increase global welfare
  4. decrease inflation

 
Question 18 of 20
5.0 Points
An import ban results in __________ .

  1. a decrease in the supply of the product
  2. an increase in the product’s price
  3. a decrease in the quantity of the product bought and sold
  4. all of the above

 
Question 19 of 20
5.0 Points
Suppose there are only two nations, Atlantis and Pacifica, and only two goods, surfboards and kayaks. If Atlantis produces only surfboards, it can make 27 per day. If Atlantis produces only kayaks, it can make 18 per day. If Pacifica produces only surfboards, it can make 32 per day. If Pacifica produces only kayaks, it can make 24 per day. After trade begins, __________ will specialize in the production of surfboards and __________ will specialize in the production of kayaks.

  1. Atlantis; Atlantis
  2. Pacifica; Atlantis
  3. Atlantis; Pacifica
  4. No trade will occur.

Question 20 of 20
5.0 Points
The consumption possibilities curve shows the combinations of goods that can be __________ .

  1. consumed by a nation before trade begins
  2. consumed by a nation after trading begins
  3. produced by a nation before trading begins

produced by a nation after trade begins

Fundamental Economic Concepts

Answer the following discussions based on the Katrina’s Candies scenario:
From the scenario for Katrina’s Candies, examine the key factors affecting the demand for and the supply of a good in general and Katrina’s Candies specifically. Distinguish between a change in demand and a change in the quantity demanded (movement along the demand curve).
From the above, indicate the factors that are responsible for a shift in demand; and explain how the change is effected by these factors.
Indicate the factors that are responsible for a shift in supply; and explain how the change is affected by these factors.

Research Question: What considerations did Classical Economists give to free markets?

The author of the course textbook, Dr. Thomas Sowell, defines free markets as the “most revolutionary concept to emerge in the long history of ideas.” In F.A. Hayek’s Road to Serfdom, free markets are defined as “the only mechanism that has ever been discovered for achieving participatory democracy.” The topic of free markets is very relevant to any discussion of Classical Economics; it provides context for the entire period and at times a point of demarcation for many well-known economists of the period.
When writing your Critical Writing Assignment, you must define and discuss a free market; this will provide context and a starting point for your paper. Choose any number of classical economists for your paper, but you must discuss how at least 2 of them address free markets. This assignment must address each Classical Economist (Ricardo, Marx, and Mill) separately.
 
Must be a minimum of 1,000 words and cite 3 sources

Privatizing the U.S. Money Supply

 

Would it be possible to privatize the money supply in the United States completely?  In doing so, what would be the primary obstacle to overcome in implementing such a policy?

microeconomics online test

hey I was asking if you can get me an A in my online test of microeconomics . I have an online 33 question multiple question for college student
Thanks in advance

Macroeconomic Analysis

 Department of Economics and Business

Macroeconomic Analysis, Eco 336

Summer 2015 Assignment 2

Instructions:

  1. All work must be typewritten
  2. Where numerical computations are needed, show all your work in detail.
  3. Use Excel to answer questions 2 and 3. Copy and paste the results onto your Word document
  4. Failure to follow these instructions will result in loss of points
  1. (30 points) Use the IS-MP- Phillips curve model to graphically discuss the effects of the following events on the U.S. real GDP gap ( ), real interest rates, employment, and inflation rate (. Draw a separate diagram for each case, label your diagrams and clearly show the direction of changes in your model. Start by assuming that the economy is producing at potential output. In other words, the output gap is zero.
  1. The Fed conducts an open market purchase of government securities in an attempt to reduce the federal funds rate
  2. In an attempt to stimulate the economy, government increases investment tax credit to increase the desired investment spending.
  3. The recent military unrest in Syria spreads to neighboring countries, and the increasing anxiety in the market causes oil prices to jump to $200 per barrel.
  4. President Obama is reelected for a second term as the president of the United States. In response to pressure from Democrats, the president increases government spending in an attempt to increase economic activity and employment.
  5. The recent growing banking crisis in Cyprus spreads to other Euro-zone countries suffering from high government debt. This increases uncertainty in the European economies.
  6. New discoveries of oil in the United States, Canada, and Mexico, result in reduced the world oil prices

 

  1. (Excel exercise) (30 points) Suppose we are interested in estimating the short-run Phillips curve and the Okun’s law equation for the United States for the period 1962-2012.

The expectations-augmented Phillips curve is:

πt = πte + b ( ) – st and the Okun’s law is  Ut – UN = – β ( ) or = a + c DUt

 

Where πt = inflation in year t, πte = expected inflation rate in year t, = GDP gap, defined as

= , YP = real potential GDP, st = the supply shock, DY = growth rate of real GDP, and

DU = change in unemployment rate, i.e. DUt = Ut – U t-1

If expectations are formed adaptively, then πte = πt -1 and the Phillips curve relationship can be

written as:   πt = πt-1 + b ( ) – st. The supply shock is measured as the change in oil prices,

DPOIL.

 

  1. Use Excel to estimate the Phillips curve: πt = a1 + a2 πt -1 + a3 GAP + a4 DPOIL  

Where GAP = , DPOIL is the annual percentage change in oil prices, i.e.

DPOIL = ( )*100

  1. Comment on the estimated equation and interpret the estimated slope coefficients a2 , a3

and a4 in the Phillips curve equation.

 

The data for this question is available on the course Moodle.

 

Data for question 2

 

Year RGDP POTRGDP U UN CPI POIL FFR GAP DPOIL π t π t-1 DY U cyclical
1961 2896.875 2969.797 6.69 5.51 29.90 2.97 1.96 -2.455 0.000 1.07 1.49 $2.330 1.18
1962 3072.375 3092.071 5.57 5.51 30.25 2.97 2.71 -0.637 0.000 1.18 1.07 $6.058 0.06
1963 3206.7 3220.911 5.64 5.55 30.63 2.97 3.18 -0.441 0.000 1.26 1.18 $4.372 0.10
1964 3392.325 3356.072 5.16 5.59 31.04 2.95 3.50 1.080 -0.842 1.32 1.26 $5.789 -0.44
1965 3610.15 3500.669 4.51 5.67 31.53 2.92 4.07 3.127 -0.849 1.58 1.32 $6.421 -1.17
1966 3845.325 3660.532 3.79 5.77 32.47 2.94 5.11 5.048 0.571 2.99 1.58 $6.514 -1.97
1967 3942.525 3832.379 3.84 5.78 33.38 3.03 4.22 2.874 3.065 2.78 2.99 $2.528 -1.94
1968 4133.4 4002.028 3.56 5.79 34.79 3.07 5.66 3.283 1.432 4.24 2.78 $4.841 -2.23
1969 4258.15 4166.138 3.49 5.84 36.68 3.30 8.20 2.209 7.329 5.44 4.24 $3.018 -2.35
1970 4266.3 4316.605 4.98 5.89 38.84 3.35 7.18 -1.165 1.694 5.88 5.44 $0.191 -0.91
1971 4409.525 4452.433 5.95 5.94 40.48 3.56 4.66 -0.964 6.242 4.23 5.88 $3.357 0.01
1972 4643.75 4588.152 5.60 6.03 41.81 3.56 4.43 1.212 0.000 3.27 4.23 $5.312 -0.43
1973 4912.825 4739.781 4.86 6.13 44.43 3.87 8.73 3.651 8.778 6.26 3.27 $5.794 -1.27
1974 4885.75 4914.150 5.64 6.17 49.32 10.37 10.50 -0.578 167.850 11.01 6.26 -$0.551 -0.53
1975 4875.35 5090.220 8.48 6.17 53.83 11.16 5.82 -4.221 7.592 9.14 11.01 -$0.213 2.30
1976 5136.925 5253.548 7.70 6.20 56.93 12.65 5.05 -2.220 13.306 5.77 9.14 $5.365 1.50
1977 5373.075 5424.096 7.05 6.23 60.62 14.30 5.54 -0.941 13.055 6.47 5.77 $4.597 0.82
1978 5672.775 5615.916 6.07 6.27 65.24 14.85 7.93 1.012 3.876 7.63 6.47 $5.578 -0.20
1979 5850.05 5814.190 5.85 6.25 72.58 22.40 11.19 0.617 50.870 11.25 7.63 $3.125 -0.40
1980 5833.975 5968.346 7.18 6.21 82.38 37.38 13.36 -2.251 66.822 13.50 11.25 -$0.275 0.96
1981 5982.075 6102.885 7.62 6.17 90.93 36.67 16.38 -1.980 -1.895 10.38 13.50 $2.539 1.45
1982 5865.925 6277.857 9.71 6.11 96.53 33.64 12.26 -6.562 -8.266 6.16 10.38 -$1.942 3.60
1983 6130.925 6463.778 9.60 6.07 99.58 30.40 9.09 -5.150 -9.635 3.16 6.16 $4.518 3.53
1984 6571.525 6659.666 7.51 6.04 103.93 29.28 10.23 -1.323 -3.679 4.37 3.16 $7.187 1.46
1985 6843.4 6881.603 7.19 6.02 107.60 27.97 8.10 -0.555 -4.452 3.53 4.37 $4.137 1.17
1986 7080.5 7108.782 7.00 5.99 109.69 15.04 6.81 -0.398 -46.232 1.94 3.53 $3.465 1.01
1987 7307.05 7331.295 6.18 5.97 113.62 19.16 6.66 -0.331 27.409 3.58 1.94 $3.200 0.21
1988 7607.4 7555.496 5.49 5.93 118.28 15.96 7.57 0.687 -16.707 4.10 3.58 $4.110 -0.44
1989 7879.175 7785.143 5.26 5.90 123.94 19.59 9.22 1.208 22.737 4.79 4.10 $3.573 -0.64
1990 8027.025 8019.412 5.62 5.86 130.66 24.49 8.10 0.095 25.024 5.42 4.79 $1.876 -0.25
1991 8008.325 8247.336 6.85 5.78 136.17 21.48 5.69 -2.898 -12.292 4.22 5.42 -$0.233 1.07
1992 8280.025 8468.272 7.49 5.66 140.31 20.56 3.52 -2.223 -4.283 3.04 4.22 $3.393 1.83
1993 8516.175 8700.050 6.91 5.53 144.48 18.46 3.02 -2.113 -10.229 2.97 3.04 $2.852 1.38
1994 8863.125 8951.904 6.10 5.40 148.23 17.19 4.20 -0.992 -6.898 2.60 2.97 $4.074 0.70
1995 9085.975 9222.853 5.59 5.29 152.38 18.43 5.84 -1.484 7.225 2.81 2.60 $2.514 0.30
1996 9425.85 9513.340 5.41 5.20 156.86 22.15 5.30 -0.920 20.223 2.94 2.81 $3.741 0.21
1997 9845.925 9825.432 4.94 5.12 160.53 20.60 5.46 0.209 -7.019 2.34 2.94 $4.457 -0.18
1998 10274.75 10165.205 4.50 5.07 163.01 14.39 5.35 1.078 -30.151 1.55 2.34 $4.355 -0.57
1999 10770.625 10530.040 4.22 5.03 166.58 19.25 4.97 2.285 33.801 2.19 1.55 $4.826 -0.81
2000 11216.425 10913.003 3.97 5.01 172.19 30.30 6.24 2.780 57.380 3.37 2.19 $4.139 -1.04
2001 11337.475 11289.728 4.74 5.00 177.04 25.92 3.89 0.423 -14.437 2.82 3.37 $1.079 -0.26
2002 11543.1 11626.243 5.78 5.00 179.87 26.10 1.67 -0.715 0.669 1.60 2.82 $1.814 0.78
2003 11836.425 11934.415 5.99 5.00 184.00 31.14 1.13 -0.821 19.322 2.30 1.60 $2.541 0.99
2004 12246.925 12230.445 5.54 5.00 188.91 41.44 1.35 0.135 33.071 2.67 2.30 $3.468 0.54
2005 12622.95 12515.820 5.08 5.00 195.27 56.47 3.21 0.856 36.265 3.37 2.67 $3.070 0.08
2006 12958.475 12808.620 4.61 5.00 201.56 66.10 4.96 1.170 17.068 3.22 3.37 $2.658 -0.39
2007 13206.375 13118.778 4.62 5.00 207.35 72.36 5.02 0.668 9.469 2.87 3.22 $1.913 -0.39
2008 13161.925 13423.598 5.80 5.07 215.26 99.57 1.93 -1.949 37.595 3.81 2.87 -$0.337 0.73
2009 12757.95 13681.898 9.28 5.23 214.57 61.69 0.16 -6.753 -38.039 -0.32 3.81 -$3.069 4.06
2010 13062.975 13889.318 9.63 5.43 218.09 79.43 0.18 -5.949 28.746 1.64 -0.32 $2.391 4.20
2011 13299.1 14114.633 8.93 5.50 224.94 95.08 0.10 -5.778 19.702 3.14 1.64 $1.808 3.43
2012 13591.05 14365.913 8.08 5.50 229.61 94.20 0.14 -5.394 -0.921 2.08 3.14 $2.195 2.58

 

Where:

POTRGDP= Potential real GDP (billions of $)

GDP = Nominal GDP (billions of $);   Ut= Unemployment rate (%) in year t; UN = Natural unemployment rate (%); (Ut – UN) = Cyclical unemployment rate (%)

POIL = Price per barrel of oil (West Texas Intermediate); CPI = Consumer price index

Population = US population (1000)

π = Inflation rate, defined as -1)*100; πt -1 = lagged value of inflation rate

GAP = GDP gap, defined as =      DPOIL = Percentage change in price of oil, as a proxy for supply shocks, defined as -1)*100

  1. (20 points) (Excel exercise) Use the quarterly data for the United States for the period 1959-2012, to plot the federal funds rate (FFR), and the difference between the unemployment rate and the natural rate of unemployment (U – UN), measuring cyclical unemployment rate.
    1. What do you observe, and how do you explain this?
    2. What is the correlation coefficient between federal funds rate and cyclical unemployment rate (U – UN)?

Data for this question is available on the course Moodle under “U.S. Macroeconomic data-Quarterly 1959-2012”

 

  1. (20 points) Using data from the St. Louis Federal Reserve: (http://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2) examine the relationship between financial market risk and recessions in the United States. One way to measure the degree of risk in financial markets is to look at the TED spread, which is the difference between the 3-month London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) (USD3MTD156N) and the 3-month U.S. Treasury bill (DGS3MO). The higher the value of the TED spread the more expensive it is for banks to borrow relative to what it costs the U.S. government to borrow, which means financial markets have become riskier.

The dates of U.S. recessions can be found from the National Bureau of Economic Research’s website at: http://www.nber.org/cycles/cyclesmain.html

  1. Calculate and graph the TED spread from 1986 to the present
  2. The United States experienced a severe recession from December 2007 to June 2009. What happened to TED spread during the 2007-2009 recession? Did the TED spread begin to rise before or after the recession began? What is the significance of this?
  3. How does the behavior of TED spread during the 2007-2009 recession compare to its behavior during earlier recessions? What does this suggest about financial markets during the 2007-2009 recession?

ECONOMICS ANALYSIS ESSAY

For this assignment, you will write a 2–3-page paper (double-spaced, 1-inch margins) providing at least 1 example of how government has overstepped biblical principles in some form of economic policy.

 

Options include the following topics:

  • A specific piece of legislation relating to business regulation or taxation.
  • The “party platform” of either the Republican Party or the Democratic Party (or both).
  • The role of the Federal Reserve.
  • The budget process.

In discussing one of these topics, incorporate clear references from the required reading.

 

The required Reading & Study material for Module/Week 7 must be cited specifically, and you must include outsides sources as well. You must include at least 2 sources in your essay, cited in current APA formatting.

Macroeconomics questions

  1. In the country of Crete household consumption is $7,411, government spending is $4,159, net taxes are $3,959, exports are $2,479, imports are $4,004 and GDP is $17,979

What percentage of Crete’s investment is financed by private foreign savings?

 

  1. Thessaloniki is a new country that has zero debt in 2008. The government revenues and outlays from 2009 to 2013 are the following:
3.       Year 4.       Revenue 5.       Outlays
6.       2009 7.       208 8.       381
9.       2010 10.   343 11.   425
12.   2011 13.   218 14.   221
15.   2012 16.   304 17.   522
18.   2013 19.   315 20.   370

What was Thessaloniki’s government debt in 2013? (enter this number as positive)

 

  1. Imagine that in the country of Karpathos the interest paid on the debt of the government is $5,242, indirect taxes are $4,158, transfer payments from the government to households are $7,937, personal income taxes are $3,773, purchases of goods and services by the government are $4,016, social security taxes are $4,324 and corporate income taxes $2,935.

What is the federal budget in Karpathos? (hint: this number could be positive or negative so be careful with the signs)

 

  1. In 2012 in the country of Rhodes  the economy is at potential GDP and it has a government surplus of $193 billion. In 2013, the economy of Rhodes enters a recession and it is below potential GDP and the government deficit is $95.

What is the cyclical deficit?  (please enter this number as positive).

 

 

  1. Assets Liabilities

Loans $139          Deposits $275

 

What is the reserve ratio?

  1. If traveler’s checks were $1,781 higher and saving deposits were $5,514 higher, M1 would be $___  higher.

 

Bills and coins 12,436
Saving Account Deposits 19,201
Small Time Deposits 22,187
Checking Account Deposits 45,158
Money Market Accounts 30,867
Traveler’s checks 34,024

What is the value of M1?

 

 

  1. In the economy of Milli output is 9,100 goods per year, the amount of money is $176 and each dollar is spent an average of 40 times per year. According to the Quantity Equation of Money, what is the average price level?

 

 

  1. Last year, Tealandia produced 63,230 bags of green tea, which sold at 21 units each of Tealandia’s currency-the Leaf. Tealandia’s money supply was 1,467. What was the velocity of money in Tealandia?

 

 

10.

Bills and coins 26,752
Saving Account Deposits 46,587
Small Time Deposits 44,718
Checking Account Deposits 36,191
Money Market Accounts 39,094
Traveler’s checks 19,283

What is the value of M2?

  1. Which list ranks assets from most to least liquid?

currency, fine art, stocks

fine art, stocks, currency

currency, stocks, fine art

fine art, currency, stocks

 

  1. Which of the following represents the Quantity Equation of Money?

M x Y = P/Y

P x V = M x Y

P/V = M/Y

M x V = P x Y

 

 

 

International economics

Use the information presented in the case study about dollarization and single currency areas. Use credible sources and provide a written summary of the pros and cons of dollarization. Report should be about 2 pages in length.

Project Design and Evaluation

Guidelines:-
– Use the economic model of field AA (posted on the power campus) for evaluating this project.
– Before estimating the project profitability indicators, you need to complete the model.
– Estimate the following: daily production, annual production, CAPEX, OPEX, etc.
– Based on the economic model of the Service Agreement listed in PowerPoint file of field AA determine the following:
1- NPV (SP)
2- IRR (SP) – based on the graph method.
3- NPV (FP)
4- POT (SP) – based on the graph method.
The following figures must be attached with your memo:
1- Production profile
2- NCF vs Time (SP)
3- CNCF vs Time (SP)
4- DNCF vs Time (SP)
5- CDNCF vs Time (SP)
6- DNCF vs Time (FP)

Economics Homework

1. Suppose the price for a dozen golf balls changed from $10 to $11 and the quantity demanded changed from 1000 to 900 units. Estimate the price elasticity of golf balls.

2. Suppose bottled water is $1 per bottle. At that price 1000 bottles are sold each day.

After a 1% price increase the demand for water decreases to 980 bottles per day. What is the own-price elasticity for bottled water in this market?
___________________________________
Based on your answer above, bottles of water are best described as what type of good?

_____________________________________
3. If an indifference curve has a constant slope of -1 and the indifference curve touches each axis, it is safe to say that the goods are what types of goods?
_____________________________________
At each and every point on an indifference curve the slope indicates what?
A consumer’s ability to consume, as indicated by the budget constraint, is best represented by what equation?
_____________________________________
4. With two separate graphs, demonstrate the effect of an increase in income on the demand for Good X when considering A) a consumer equilibrium and B) a market equilibrium. Only fully-labeled graphs (axis, line, price, and quantity as appropriate) will receive full credit on an exam.

Consumer Equilibrium Market Equilibrium
5. A good is not inherently normal or inferior and that an understanding of the context of the consumer’s income change is necessary to determine whether a good is normal or inferior for that consumer. With an Engel curve, show how rental housing can be both normal AND inferior. Be certain to label all elements.

7. Match the elasticity coefficient in column 1 with the correct description of the good(s) in column 2.

Column 1
(Elasticity Coefficient) Column 2
(write the letter of the corresponding coefficient)

________ indicates that good i is unitary elastic
A. E = -1.5
B. E = 0.0 ________ indicates that good i is probably a luxury good
C. E = 0.5
D. E = 1.0 ________ indicates that good i is own price elastic
E. E = 1.5
F. E = 4.0 ________ indicates that good i is an inferior good

________ indicates that good i and good j are unrelated

________ indicates that good i is own price inelastic

8. With lunch approaching you begin thinking about your lunch options and the cost of each. You have budgeted $6.00 for lunch and are considering a mix of three lunch options that you like: carrots, broccoli, and chocolate. Each serving of any of your lunch options costs $1.

Carrots Broccoli Chocolate

8.a. Complete the table above with the marginal utility of each additional serving.

8.b. You always maximize your utility given your budget and preferences. Given the information in the table how many servings of carrots, broccoli, and chocolate will you consume?

Carrots______ Broccoli______ Chocolate_____

8.c. What is the consumer decision making rule that governs your choices to consume in the above amounts? Hint: you may name the rule or show with an appropriate equation that accounts for all three goods.

_________________________________________

9. Construct a consumer equilibrium model for blueberries that shows the following:
• income=$40 per day
• blueberries cost $8 per unit
• all other goods cost $4 per unit
• The consumer will not eat any blueberries. Ever. None.

Write the consumer’s budget line equation using the information given above.

What is the slope of the consumer’s budget line?
What is the slope of the consumer’s indifference curve?
Draw the full consumer equilibrium model on the back of this paper.

Clayton and Barbara Patterson

Clayton and Barbara Patterson were married immediately after graduating from college and have been married for 20 years. They both started investments early in life, but the majority of their funds were placed in speculative stock funds. Their portfolios performed well until the last few years, when they faced losses due to an economic downturn. Explain how asset allocation could have helped the Pattersons

International trade and finance

Submit a 4- to 5-page paper that addresses the following questions. Be sure to use references within the paper to support your answers. Show work for all calculations.

  1. Explain how governments restrict international trade and who benefits as well as who loses from the restrictions.
  2. Because wage rates are so low in Africa, why don’t Microsoft, Cisco and other major corporations close down their American operations and move to Africa?
  3. Consider the foreign exchange market for Japanese Yen and Dollars. Assume a market where the U.S. dollars are on the x axis as shown in the background material. Indicate whether the dollar would APPRECIATE or DEPRECIATE if the following events occur (be sure to explain your answer such as including reference to the demand or supply curve):
    1. The interest rate in Japan is lowered.
    2. Prices are lower in U.S.
    3. Higher US interest rates.
  4. What is the effect of a higher exchange rate on exports and imports?

Assignment Expectations

Use concepts from the modular background readings as well as any good-quality resources you can find. Be sure to cite all sources within the text and provide a reference list at the end of the paper.

Length: 4–5 pages double-spaced and typed.

The following items will be assessed in particular:

  • Your ability to understand international trade policy.
  • Some in-text references to the modular background material (APA recommended).
  • The essay should address each element of the assignment. Remember to support your answers with solid references including the case readings.

International trade and finance slap

Trade Policies As we have learned, foreign trade policy can have a significant impact on domestic firms. Consider the firm you have chosen and address the questions below in a 2- to 3-page paper: Suppose the U.S. government removed tariffs in your industry. What impact would that have on your firm? What are some obstacles your firm might face with production in another country? Using at least TWO resources that you find on your own, make an argument FOR or AGAINST free trade. Be sure to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of which policy you support. (Wikipedia is not an acceptable academic resource for this course). SLP Assignment Expectations Use concepts from the modular background readings as well as any good-quality resources you can find. Please be sure to cite all sources within the text and a reference list at the end of the paper.

Length: 2–3 pages double-spaced and typed.

The following items will be assessed in particular: Your ability to examine the international market in a particular firm. Some in-text references to the modular background readings (APA recommended) The essay should address each element of the assignment. Remember to support your answers with solid references. The Firm ive been using is Chevron

Intermediate Macroeconomics

Why is the theory of inflation that we have learnt in the class called classical theory?

 

Give an example of a transaction whose value does not qualify as a part of nominal GDP. Also give an example where it does.

 

Suppose that the velocity of money is constant. Now, real GDP grows by 5% per year, the money stock grows by 14% per year and the nominal interest rate is 11%. Calculate the real interest rate.

 

Suppose a country has a money demand function (M/P)d= kY, where k is a constant parameter. The money supply grows by 12% per year and the real income grows by 4% per year.

 

Define seigniorage. Suppose Fed prints one thousand $10 bills incurring a cost of $0.5/bill. What is the seigniorage here?

Define inflation tax

Economics

Research Project

Complete your Research Project 1 in a Word document, APA formatted, and then submit it in the Assignment section of the classroom by midnight, EST, Day 7.

The instructions concerning this assignment as well as the grading rubric are reproduced below. 

Pricing strategy varies significantly across different market structures.  The pricing guidelines in a monopoly market are relatively straightforward.  Since the company is the only producer offering the product, it can mark-up the price as far as the customer can bear.  The pricing strategies for a producer operating in a perfect competition structure are also fairly intuitive. They are price takers, and hence price is set at the marginal cost of the product.  This is due to the fact that there are many firms offering nearly identical products.  However, there is optimal pricing for the market structures offering differentiated products with many competitors (oligopoly) or a few producers (monopolistic competition). These are much more complex and involved.  It has been stated that differentiation in products that creates differences in customer valuation is the most prevalent type of competition.  In such markets pricing strategies may include the three C’s of cost, competition, and customer.

Develop a paper detailing an analysis of market structures and relating pricing strategies that are suitable for each of these structures.  Furthermore, include a real world example of pricing strategy for a specific company by identifying its market structure.

Your paper should be between 1750 and 2500 words, in APA Format and structured as follows:

Cover page with a running head

Abstract

1.  Perfect Competition

1.1. Description

1.2. Pricing Strategies

2. Monopolistic competition

2.1. Description

2.2. Pricing Strategies

3. Oligopoly

3.1. Description

3.2. Pricing Strategies

4. Monopoly

4.1. Description

4.2. Pricing Strategies

5. Case Study

6. Conclusion

References

Your paper needs to include at least three scholarly sources, i.e. peer reviewed articles. I strongly recommend the use of the APUS library for these sources, as most acceptable resources can only be found in protected databases.

If you are not familiar with the library, its Welcome Slideshow is a good place to start:

https://apus.adobeconnect.com/_a795569749/LibraryWelcome2010/

I also strongly advise you to check the material specific to our class, under the Business Course Guides. I trust you will enjoy the two videos posted there. The Guide can be found at:

http://apus.campusguides.com/index.php?gid=564


Economy of Greece

Please refer to assignment 2 at page 20 and 21 of the PDF file. Talk about how policy can help in the recent economy due to the financial crisis of  Greece is facing right now.  Use a newspaper article to support the crisis that they are facing. The model is on monetary and fiscal policy which can help in the economy. Argumentative, Citation and reference is needed and no plagiarism more than 20%. There are useful website that allow you to use on page 9. Please follow the requirement on the required steps.

Attachments:
application/pdf iconassignment_.pdf

Economic Activities and their Effects

macroeconomics

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper summarizing the results.

Consider the following examples of economic activities:

  • Purchasing of groceries
  • Massive layoff of employees
  • Decrease in taxes

1) Describe how each of these activities economically affects government, households, and businesses. 2) Describe the flow of resources from one entity to another for each activity. Note – Many students define economic terms, which is the point of the Week 1 paper and does not really belong in this week’s assignment. 3) Define these resources, labor, time, money (capital), land, and entrepreneurship. 4) Relate at least one current event to the activities.

Public Health Economics and Financing

Public Health Economics and Financing

Is health care a right or a privilege? Consider the political implications of these different views and the ways that regulation relates to this question. Regulation might help ensure the right to health care, but might also inhibit it. Free competition, on the other hand, might support the stance that health care is a privilege rather than a right. What are the economic and political ramifications if health care is a right or a privilege?  For this Discussion, review the media, “Multi-Media PowerPoint Macroeconomics and Public Health,”and the Learning Resources. Then, consider whether health care is a right or a privilege, and explain why. Next, select one macroeconomic principle that may be interpreted differently based on your view on whether health care is a right or a privilege.

With these thoughts in mind:

your position on whether health care is a right or a privilege. Justify your position. Then, describe one macroeconomic principle and explain how you would interpret them differently based on your view on whether health care is a right or a privilege.

Your Recession Strategy

MACRO – Your Recession Strategy

Suppose that you are the chief economic advisor to the president of the United States. You are asked to propose a strategy to bring the economy out of recession. Unemployment is at 13 percent and inflation is relatively low. Your goal is to avoid an increase in inflation and bring the economy to full employment as rapidly as possible.

Applying the principles of the Keynesian model, what specific economic policies would you propose to accomplish these goals? What do you believe would be the short- and long-term effects of your policies on both inflation and unemployment rates? Provide justification and examples to support your conclusions.

Inflation and Government Economic Policies

MACRO – LASA 1: Inflation and Government Economic Policies

Inflation is a measure of how prices have changed over time.  If prices are changing due to inflation, each dollar spent will buy less.

In order to answer the questions below, go to the following website:  http://www.bls.gov/cpi/

Questions:

  1.  What is inflation? What are the causes of inflation?  Is inflation desirable and what can be done to control inflation in a market economy?
  2. What is the Consumer Price Index (CPI)?  How has the CPI behaved since the year 2000?  What have been the causes of these changes? In your response, include a graph of the CPI for this period and cite your source.
  3. What is the Producer Price Index (PPI)?  How has the PPI behaved since the year 2000?  What have been the causes of these changes? In your response, include a graph of the PPI for this period and cite your source.
  4. What is the Consumer Expenditure Survey (CE)?  How has the Survey behaved since the year 2000?  What have been the causes of these changes? In your response, include a graph of the CE for this period and cite your source.
  5. What do the measures above tell us about consumer behavior?  Have incomes changed enough to offset the inflation since 2000?  What can we predict about future inflation?
  6. What are the implications of these measures for government economic policies?

Final Project Scenario – economist for the Vanda-Laye Corporation

Final Project Scenario

You are an economist for the Vanda-Laye Corporation, which produces and distributes outdoor cooking supplies. The company has come under new ownership and management and will be undergoing changes in its product lines and operating structure. As an economist, your responsibilities include examining the market factors that affect success or failure of a product, including the supply and demand for the product, market conditions, and the behavior of competitors with similar products.

The new management has identified several possible investments for the coming year. It has asked you and your team to evaluate the possibilities and make a recommendation to the board of directors. Jorge has identified two mutually exclusive opportunities (Investment A) and two independent opportunities (Investment B) and assigned you the task of making a recommendation on the investments.

Investment A

Your company would like to increase its product lines. Two alternatives are available, a new line of outdoor smokers and a new line of outdoor grills. The two lines are mutually exclusive, meaning that only one of these investment alternatives can be selected. The projected cash flows and their respective probabilities for each alternative are given in the table. There are three possible levels of demand and their corresponding probabilities, which depend on the state of the economy.

Click here to download the table for Investment A.

The two alternatives carry equal risk and should be evaluated at the company’s cost of capital. The cost for the new smoker line will be $7,000,000. Also, the company has been guaranteed a buyer for the new line at the end of the fifth year. The buyer has agreed to purchase the new line for $7,900,000. The outdoor grill alternative will cost $3,987,000 and also has a guaranteed buyer, who has agreed to pay $4,000,000 at the end of the fifth year.

Investment B

Investment B involves two independent investment opportunities. The decisions on these two investment alternatives are also independent of Investment A. Investment B-1 involves a new packaging machine, which will eliminate the need for a local firm for packaging Vanda-Laye’s products. The cost of this machine will be $24,000, and the expected revenues from this opportunity are given in the table and are considered to be of average risk. Investment B-2 is the purchase of a new computer system that will allow the company to sell its products on the Internet worldwide. The cost of this new system will be $29,000, with the expected cash flows after taxes given in the table.

Click here to download the table for Investment B.

Jorge has asked you to provide detailed responses to the following:

  • Management of Vanda-Laye has determined that the capital structure of the company will involve 30% debt and 70% common equity. This structure will be used to finance all investments by the company. Currently, the company can sell new bonds at par, with a coupon rate of 7%. Any new common stock can be sold for $45, with a required return (or cost) of 15.57%. Using Microsoft Excel, calculate the company’s cost of capital to be used in the evaluation of possible investment projects.
  • For Investment A:
    • Using Microsoft Excel, create a decision tree. Indicate the various levels of demand and their respective probabilities. Also, include the calculations for the expected cash flows.
    • Calculate the expected NPV for each alternative. Explain the decision rules for making a selection between the two alternatives on the basis of the expected NPV.
    • Assuming the two alternatives are mutually exclusive, specify which alternative you would recommend to the company. Explain why.
    • If the two alternatives were independent of each other, specify which project you would select. Would you accept both projects if funding were available for both? Explain your answer.
  • For Investment B:
    • Using Microsoft Excel, calculate the NPV for each alternative.
    • Using the decision-making criteria for the NPV, specify which alternative you would select if the two alternatives were mutually exclusive. Explain your answer.
    • Given that the two alternatives are independent of each other, specify which investment you would select, if not both. Explain your answer.
    • Using Microsoft Excel, calculate the IRR for each investment.
    • Using the decision-making criteria for the IRR, specify which alternative you would prefer. Explain your answer.
    • If funding were available, specify whether you would select both investments. Why or why not?
    • Calculate the profitability index (PI) for the two investments. Which project is preferred?
    • Determine whether there is a ranking conflict present in terms of the IRR and the NPV. Explain your answer. If a conflict does exist, explain how you would resolve the situation.

Submission Details:

  • Compile a report including all your responses from Weeks 1, 3, and 5. Make sure your report reads as one report rather than three reports pasted together. Complete all revisions suggested by your instructor in previous weeks. Make sure all responses are complete and accurate, supported by references and documented examples. The report should be 10–15 pages in length and include an executive summary.

Why is economics considered a social science?

Why is economics considered a social science? What role does economics play in your personal and professional lives?

Instructions from facilitator: Use source citations to support your answer. In addition to your text you need to select at least one source from peer reviewed articles, trade articles, popular journals, or a reputable website (wikipedia is not considered a valid source for this question nor is any encyclopedia type of website).

Text is Economics 9th edition = David C. Colander Middlebury College.

THIS IS NOT AN ESSAY, IT IS A DISCUSSION QUESTION ONLINE. AT MINIMUM 200 WORDS BUT FEEL FREE TO WRITE MORE IF YOU LIKE,THE CLASS IS FOUNDATION OF MACROECONOMICS, ECO/372 (UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX

Interest and Loan Calculations

focus on interest and loan concepts, which is covered in your reading of Chapter 12: “Consumer Credit.”

For this Assignment you will write an essay to address the requirements described below. Your essay must be carefully planned and written using well-constructed sentences and paragraphs. Make sure that your grammar and spelling are correct. Points will be awarded for content as well as composition. Your essay must be a minimum of 1 page in length with standard 1 inch margins and is required to have at least one reference from a reliable source. This means that you cannot use sites like Wikipedia, Ask.com®, and Yahoo® answers and that only references from reliable sources will earn points. All resources should be cited both as an in-text citation as well as being listed on a reference page in APA format.

Assignments must be submitted as a Microsoft® Word® document and uploaded to the Dropbox for Unit 4. Include your essay directly in this document following the instructions.

All Assignments are due by Tuesday at 11:59 p.m. ET of the assigned unit.

Essay Assignment (40 points

Your Assignment is to write an essay discussing the financing of a new car for your business.

The price of the used car is $20,000. Sales tax on this car is 8.4% of the price of the vehicle. You intend to finance the entire cost of the car and sales tax, less a down payment of $1,500. You intend to finance the car for 48 months and your car payment will be $455.12 per month.

Your essay should in include the following information

 

1.Calculate and discuss the amount financed, the installment price of the new car, and the finance charges you will pay over the life of the loan.

 

  1. Compare and contrast the advantage of paying cash and financing the vehicle over a shorter period of time, as well as, the impact of finding lower interest rates.

 

  1. Research and discuss the advantages of having good credit versus poor credit when qualifying for a loan. Discuss the implications of your credit score on the interest rates you may qualify for.

 

Your essay should be complete and cover each point as outlined above. Be sure to include at least one text citation.

Micoreconomics 203 assistance

I am looking for assistance with my Microeconomics assignment.

Suppose that Mimi plays golf 5 times per month when the price is $40 and 4 times per month when the price is $50. What is the price elasticity of Mimi’s demand curve? Use the Midpoint Method to answer this problem.

  1. A) 0
  2. B) 1
  3. C) 8
  4. D) 0

Youth smoking seems to be more ______ than adult smoking that is, the quantity of youth smoking will fall by a greater percentage than the quantity of adult smoking in response to a given percentage increase in price.

  1. A) Elastic
  2. B) Inelastic
  3. C) Cross-price elastic
  4. D) Unitary elastic

When economists are sketching examples of demand and supply, it is common to sketch a demand or supply curve that is close to vertical, and then refer to that curve as _____

  1. A) Elastic
  2. B) Inelastic
  3. C) Unitary elasticity
  4. D) Income elasticity

When economists are sketching examples of demand or supply that is close to horizontal, they refer to that demand or supply curve as _____

  1. A) Having zero elasticity
  2. B) Inelastic
  3. C) elastic
  1. D) Price inelasticity

Macroeconomics

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper summarizing the results.

Consider the following examples of economic activities:

  • Purchasing of groceries
  • Massive layoff of employees
  • Decrease in taxes

1) Describe how each of these activities economically affects government, households, and businesses. 2) Describe the flow of resources from one entity to another for each activity. Note – Many students define economic terms, which is the point of the Week 1 paper and does not really belong in this week’s assignment. 3) Define these resources, labor, time, money (capital), land, and entrepreneurship. 4) Relate at least one current event to the activities.

Public Health Economics and Financing

Is health care a right or a privilege? Consider the political implications of these different views and the ways that regulation relates to this question. Regulation might help ensure the right to health care, but might also inhibit it. Free competition, on the other hand, might support the stance that health care is a privilege rather than a right. What are the economic and political ramifications if health care is a right or a privilege?  For this Discussion, review the media, “Multi-Media PowerPoint Macroeconomics and Public Health,”and the Learning Resources. Then, consider whether health care is a right or a privilege, and explain why. Next, select one macroeconomic principle that may be interpreted differently based on your view on whether health care is a right or a privilege.

With these thoughts in mind:

Post by Day 4 your position on whether health care is a right or a privilege. Justify your position. Then, describe one macroeconomic principle and explain how you would interpret them differently based on your view on whether health care is a right or a privilege.

Your Recession Strategy

Suppose that you are the chief economic advisor to the president of the United States. You are asked to propose a strategy to bring the economy out of recession. Unemployment is at 13 percent and inflation is relatively low. Your goal is to avoid an increase in inflation and bring the economy to full employment as rapidly as possible.

Applying the principles of the Keynesian model, what specific economic policies would you propose to accomplish these goals? What do you believe would be the short- and long-term effects of your policies on both inflation and unemployment rates? Provide justification and examples to support your conclusions.

Inflation and Government Economic Policies

Inflation is a measure of how prices have changed over time.  If prices are changing due to inflation, each dollar spent will buy less.

In order to answer the questions below, go to the following website:  http://www.bls.gov/cpi/

Questions:

  1.  What is inflation? What are the causes of inflation?  Is inflation desirable and what can be done to control inflation in a market economy?
  2. What is the Consumer Price Index (CPI)?  How has the CPI behaved since the year 2000?  What have been the causes of these changes? In your response, include a graph of the CPI for this period and cite your source.
  3. What is the Producer Price Index (PPI)?  How has the PPI behaved since the year 2000?  What have been the causes of these changes? In your response, include a graph of the PPI for this period and cite your source.
  4. What is the Consumer Expenditure Survey (CE)?  How has the Survey behaved since the year 2000?  What have been the causes of these changes? In your response, include a graph of the CE for this period and cite your source.
  5. What do the measures above tell us about consumer behavior?  Have incomes changed enough to offset the inflation since 2000?  What can we predict about future inflation?
  6. What are the implications of these measures for government economic policies?

ECONOMICS I: Mid-Term Exam

Notes: 1)You may use your text book and/or class notes.
2)You may not discuss this exam with anyone either face to face or via email.
3) The Maximum Raw Score Points Available on this exam = 46. Each portion of each question has its potential raw score contribution indicated.
4) Either email your completed exam back to me at Michael_Carter@uml.edu
Or fax the exam to: 978-934-3071 (include your name and my name clearly on the fax…also send an email letting me know you have faxed the exam).

1) Assume the following table shows the yields per acre of wine grapes and olive oil in two different countries. Country A and country Z. (Also assume that in each country the labor and other processing costs per acre are the same regardless of whether grape vines or olive trees are cultivated).

Country A Country Z
Olive Oil yield 40 barrels 30 barrels
Grape yield 90 barrels 45 barrels

Suppose initially each country had erected high tariff barriers to keep out foreign wine and/or olive oil and was producing for its own needs only.
Could consumers in both countries benefit if all trade barriers were dropped? If not, explain why not. If consumers could benefit, explain how and identify: a) which country has the greater opportunity cost of producing olive oil; b)the country which would end up exporting wine and which would export olive oil after the elimination of trade barriers. 6 pts

2) A) Draw a supply-demand diagram representing the effect on the market for hybrid autos of a permanent increase in the equilibrium price of gasoline from around $2.00 per gallon to around $4.00 per gallon. Although you need not include specific numbers on your axes, label the axes on your diagram clearly. Also explain in a sentence or two why you shifted any S or D schedule that you show as having moved in your diagram. 4 pts
3) Assume the price of large gulf shrimp is $18 per pound and that the price of hard shell Maine lobster tails is $36 per pound. Your professor uses ½ pound of lobster or ½ pound of shrimp with various pasta dishes. In a typical month he cooks 4 shrimp/pasta dinners and 1 lobster pasta dinner. Is his marginal utility of a lobster based dinner equal to the marginal utility of a shrimp dinner for him? If so, explain. If not, what is the approximate difference in MU of shrimp vs. lobster? 4pts.
.
4) The chart on the following page shows the average daily demand for tokens on a major urban rapid transit system.

a)What is the elasticity of demand at a fare of $2.50/token? (Show your calculations) 3pts
b) Is the revenue maximizing fare higher than, lower than or equal to $2.50/token Explain your reasoning using the concept of elasticity. 3pts

Economics and Oracle’s Crystal Ball

Guidelines:-
– Use the economic model of field AA (posted on the power campus) for evaluating this project.
– Before estimating the project profitability indicators, you need to complete the model.
– Estimate the following: daily production, annual production, CAPEX, OPEX, etc.
– Based on the economic model of the Service Agreement listed in PowerPoint file of field AA determine the following:
1- NPV (SP)
2- IRR (SP) – based on the graph method.
3- NPV (FP)
4- POT (SP) – based on the graph method.
The following figures must be attached with your memo:
1- Production profile
2- NCF vs Time (SP)
3- CNCF vs Time (SP)
4- DNCF vs Time (SP)
5- CDNCF vs Time (SP)
6- DNCF vs Time (FP)

Others files are attached

Economics and Oracle's Crystal Ball

Guidelines:-
– Use the economic model of field AA (posted on the power campus) for evaluating this project.
– Before estimating the project profitability indicators, you need to complete the model.
– Estimate the following: daily production, annual production, CAPEX, OPEX, etc.
– Based on the economic model of the Service Agreement listed in PowerPoint file of field AA determine the following:
1- NPV (SP)
2- IRR (SP) – based on the graph method.
3- NPV (FP)
4- POT (SP) – based on the graph method.
The following figures must be attached with your memo:
1- Production profile
2- NCF vs Time (SP)
3- CNCF vs Time (SP)
4- DNCF vs Time (SP)
5- CDNCF vs Time (SP)
6- DNCF vs Time (FP)
Others files are attached

Managerial Economics

Attached are two documents that need to be completed.  The first one is 6 essay questions that need to be answered and supported with a minimum of 1 reference for each question.  A good paragraph at a minimum for each of the 6 questions.  Double spaced 12 font veranda format.  These answer should be very detailed and complete.

The second assignment has to be a minimum of 2-2.5 pages double spaced 12 font veranda format.  It should have 3 references with quotes.  Detailed and complete response.

The current book for the course is Managerial Economics and Organixational Architecture by Brickley Smith and Zimmerman.

 

Files will be attached

Mission, Strengths, and Weaknesses

Mission, Strengths, and Weaknesses

Select an energy sector company.

Write a paper of no more than 1,050 words defining the three types of corporate statements and how they work with the company’s strengths and weaknesses to affect strategic planning.

Define the three types of statements: mission, vision, and values statements. Provide an example of each of the statements. Identify strengths and weaknesses of each and discuss the value of clear organizational statements to the strategic planning process.

Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the selected company by conducting either a SWOT analysis or a value chain analysis.

Summarize the results of the analysis.

Format your paperconsistent with APA guidelines.

Existing business Innovations

BUS 475 – Existing business Innovations

WK2 Assignment – BUS 475

 

 

Write a 1,500 – word paper in which you explain the importance of innovation of an existing business that you select covering the their vision, mission, and values, and determine your business model for this new division. Include the following:

 

  • Propose a new product or service for the new company division. The division should be customer-focused with an innovative mission statement. Ensure that you are differentiating your product or service.

 

  • Describe how the division addresses customer needs and achieves competitive advantage.

 

  • Create a vision and a business model for this new division that clearly demonstrates your decision on what you want your business to become in the future. Must describe the vision and mission in which the division is focus on.

 

  • Explain how the vision, mission, and value of the new division align with the company’s mission and vision.

 

  • Summarize how the vision, mission, and values guide the division’s strategic direction.

 

  • Define your guiding principles and values for your division in the context of culture, social responsibility, and ethics.

 

 

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

 

  • Introduction and conclusion must be included as part of the body of the paper, cannot be identify with their respective titles or be separated in different paragraphs.Paper must be a fluid reading, all parts together.

 

  • Include at least 3 citations (must be input in alphabetical order)

 

  • No more than 3 paragraphs per page, each paragraph must not have more than 5 sentences.

 

is Pepsi Cola a substitute for Coca Cola?

According to Porter’s discussion of industry analysis, is Pepsi Cola a substitute for Coca Cola?

MBA 5101 Unit IV Discussion Board 

 According to Porter’s discussion of industry analysis, is Pepsi Cola a substitute for Coca Cola? Why, or why not? If you worked for another soft drink company, what strategies could you and your new soft drink company use to impact the dominance of Pepsi and Coke in the global marketplace? Why?

 

Principles of Macroeconomics aggregate demand or aggregate supply

Principles of Macroeconomics aggregate demand or aggregate supply

Part I: Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply

Assume the U.S. economy is in long-run equilibrium. Analyze each of the following events independently and include answers to the following in your analysis:  (1) Explain whether aggregate demand or aggregate supply changes and why the change occurred. (2) Explain what happens to the equilibrium price level and equilibrium output in the U.S. (3) Draw a graph to illustrate your answer. (4) Once aggregate demand or aggregate supply changes, the economy will no longer be in long-run equilibrium. It will be in short-run equilibrium in either a recessionary or an inflationary gap. Identify which type of gap exists. (5) In long-run equilibrium, the economy operates at full-employment and achieves the natural rate of unemployment. When aggregate demand or aggregate supply changes, what happens to the unemployment rate? Is it above or below the natural rate of unemployment?

a.Due to continuing expansion of fracking in the United States and Canada, oil prices continue to decrease.

b.The U.S. economy continues to rebound. The Federal Reserve increases interest rates.

c.After six years of economic expansion, residents in the U.S. finally see wages start to increase.

d.Consumer confidence continues to rise, and consumer spending increases.

Economics and Financing of Public Health

To what extent are various public health goods public or private? Why is it important for you, given your current or future professional role, to understand this distinction on how various public health goods and services are delivered?

In Canada, public health services are free to the public. These services are available for anyone who wants or needs them. The public good of health is consumed by the citizen. In the United States, the vast majority of public health services are paid for by consumers through employee group plans or by the individual. This is a private good that falls on the shoulders of citizens. Review the examples of public and private goods. Consider how you would determine which is a public or a private good.

  • Pertussis vaccine
  • Human papillomavirus vaccine
  • Information about the prevention of pregnancy geared toward those younger than age 18 years
  • Medical care for a 35-year-old woman who has been diagnosed with cancer; she has two children and is homeless
  • Electronic health record
  • Nutritional advising for parents of young children
  • End-of-life or palliative care for an elderly person with dementia
  • Mental health care for a group of former U.S. military personnel injured in battle
  • Safe labeling of pharmaceuticals
  • The Da Vinci robot (surgery medical technology)
  • In-patient treatment for heroin addiction

For this Discussion, review the media, “Health and Health Economics,”and Learning Resources. Select one item from above, and determine whether it should be a public or private good. Think about the influence of this public or private good on public consumption.

Global Economics Homework

Activity Instructions

For this component of the project, you will write an analysis of the following details associated with your chosen company and its industry:

  • The microeconomic environment of corporate operations (that is, does the firm operate in an environment that is an oligopoly, or under monopolistic competition?).
  • Regulatory issues that impact the company’s decisions (for example, environmental regulations and accounting regulations such as the Dodd-Frank Act or the Sarbanes-Oxley Act).
  • Ethical issues that impact the company’s decisions.

Use your chosen company’s 10-K report to locate detailed information for your project. Support your analyses with examples from your chosen company as well as your course readings and resources, using proper APA format for all in-text citations and references at the end of each individual paper.

Review the Company Analysis course project description and requirements to ensure that all necessary work is completed. Use the grading criteria provided in the scoring rubric, along with the guidance for structuring your paper.

Submission Requirements

Before you submit your assignment to your instructor for grading, you should submit a final version of your paper to Turnitin. More information on the Turnitin Source Matching tool is available on iGuide.

  • Written communication: Written communication is free of errors that detract from the overall message.
  • APA formatting: Resources and citations are formatted according to APA (6th ed.) style and formatting.
  • Resources: Minimum of 2 resources required.
  • Length: 4–5 double-spaced, typed pages.
  • Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12-point.

Poverty and Discrimination

Assignment 1: Discussion—Poverty and Discrimination

Poverty and discrimination are linked as one often leads to the other and vice versa. The poor are a target for discrimination due to their circumstances, while discrimination due to ethnicity, race, or gender reduces the number of economic opportunities an individual might get. In this module, you explore the segments of the population that are more likely to be poor. You also examine the reasons for the poverty of these segments and its implications for social policy development.

Research the link between poverty and discrimination using your textbook, the Argosy University online library resources, and the Internet.

  • Select two journal articles that address the linkage between poverty and discrimination reflected in the conditions of racial and ethnic minority populations.
    • Be sure to select one article that addresses poverty and discrimination in the United States and one in any other country.
    • Make sure the articles include examples of social policies that have attempted to address these issues.

Respond to the following:

  • How is the linkage between poverty and discrimination reflected in the conditions of racial and ethnic minority populations?
  • Identify two examples of social policies that have attempted to address these issues and discuss their effectiveness.
  • Support your positions with material from your library research.

Write your initial response in a minimum of 200–300 words. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.

By Saturday, June 20, 2015, post your response to the appropriate Discussion Area. Through Wednesday, June 24, 2015, review and comment on at least two peers’ responses. Cover the following items in your posts:

    • Provide a statement of clarification.
    • Provide a point of view with rationale.
    • Challenge a point of discussion, or draw a relationship between one or more points of the discussion.

World Bank

As an employee of the World Bank, you have been asked to research 1 economic concern in a South American country and write a report on your findings.

  • Select a South American country to research.
  • Select 1 of the following economic concerns to research:
    • Quantities of specific goods and services
    • Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
    • Unemployment
    • Inflation
  • Research data sets for the one economic concern within the South American country that you have chosen.
  • In a 3–4-page report, answer the following questions:
    • What are 2–3 relationships between the economic concern you selected and that specific country’s economy?
    • What trends do you see in the data sets?
    • Support your assertions of the trends with statistical evidence.
    • Cite all of your sources correctly and include a reference list, both in APA style.

Evaluating Expansion at the Eaton Restaurant Corporation

The Eaton Restaurant Corporation is considering building a new restaurant in the growing city of New Bethel. The city is a fast growing Midwestern town in the United Stated. There has been an influx of successful business development and a significant investment in industrial areas to stabilize the city’s economic future. The Eaton Restaurant Corporation has purchased land adjacent to the newly opened corporate park, the Great States Plaza. During the past year, Eaton Restaurant Corporation opened three new restaurants in cities with similar demographic and economic factors. If the New Bethel restaurant is as successful as the other Eaton restaurants, management is considering the creation of a national franchising company.

The managers of the Eaton Restaurant Corporation have determined the preliminary feasibility of this investment and are now studying near future restaurants. They have projected the following financial data for the presentation at their next Board of Directors meeting:

Furniture, Fixtures, and Equipment (FF&E) $3,200,000
Land 6,000,000
Building 18,000,000
Pre-opening Expenses 480,000
___________
Total Capital $27,680,000

The Board of Directors, having reviewed these financial data, has voted to approve construction of the proposed New Bethel restaurant. During its Board presentation, the Eaton Restaurant Corporation management team listed the following planning assumptions:

1. Restaurant occupancy will likely open at 60% and increase by 1.75 percentage points annually throughout the first five years. Restaurant occupancy is expected to remain relatively flat beyond the start-up years.
2. The necessary expenditures for restaurant maintenance and related expenses will average 22% of food and beverage revenue.
3. The restaurant anticipates having an average check of $50 during its first year of operation. It will be expected to increase its average check by $5 in each of the second and third years and $7 during each succeeding year.

Discussion Questions

1. How much food and beverage revenue should be expected for each of the first five years of operation? Assume 365 operating days per year.
2. What operating ratios and related statistical information might benefit the Eaton Restaurant Corporation management team in its continuous review of new restaurant development?
3. Create a SWOT analysis for the new restaurant location in New Bethel for their first year of operation based on the data you have available from the case study. Feel free to make relevant assumptions in your SWOT analysis.

References

Balivet, Bittner, Johnson, Purvis, Raber (1998). Case Studies in Lodging Management.
Lansing, MI: Educational Institute of the American Hotel & Lodging Association.

Hertz, O (2011). Subject Matter Expert for DeVry University.
Fort Lauderdale, FL.

Economics

Prepare a 2-3 page analysis by answering the questions below. Be sure to cite your references using APA format.

Assume that the Bank of Ecoville has the following balance sheet and the Fed has a 10% reserve requirement in place:

Balance Sheet for Ecoville International Bank
ASSETS LIABILITIES
Cash $33,000 Demand Deposits $99,000
Loans   66,000

Required:

Now assume that the Fed lowers the reserve requirement to 8%.

  1. What is the maximum amount of new loans that this bank can make?
  2. Assume that the bank makes these loans. What will the new balance sheet look like?
  3. By how much has the money supply increased or decreased?
  4. If the money multiplier is 5, how much money will ultimately be created by this event?
  5. If the Fed wanted to implement a contractionary monetary policy using reserve requirement, how would that work?

Deliverables:

Address the questions above, showing your calculations.  Develop your analysis in Microsoft Excel format. Enter non-numerical responses in the same worksheet using textboxes.

Consumer Demand Analysis and Estimation Applied Problems

BUS 640 Week 2 Consumer Demand Analysis and Estimation Applied Problems (New)

Week 2 Assignment 

Consumer Demand Analysis and Estimation Applied Problems
Please complete the following two applied problems:

Problem 1:
Patricia is researching venues for a restaurant business. She is evaluating three major attributes that she considers important in her choice: taste, location, and price. The value she places on each attribute, however, differs according to what type of restaurant she is going to start. If she opens a restaurant in a suburban area of Los Angeles, then taste is the most important attribute, three times as important as location, and two times as important as price. If she opens a restaurant in the Los Angeles metropolitan area, then location becomes three times as important as taste and two times as important as price. She is considering two venues, respectively, a steak restaurant and a pizza restaurant, both of which are priced the same. She has rated each attribute on a scale of 1 to 100 for each of the two different types of restaurants

Attribute Steak Restaurant Pizza  Restaurant
Taste 80 70
Location 55 80
Price 65 50

Show all of your calculations and processes. Describe your answer for each question in complete sentences.

  1. Which of the two options should Patricia pursue if she wants to open a restaurant in a suburban area of Los Angeles? Calculate the total expected utility from each restaurant option and compare. Graph is not required. Describe your answer, and show your calculations.
  2. Which of the two options should she pick if she plans to open a restaurant in the Los Angeles metropolitan area? Describe your answer, and show your calculations.
  3. Which option should she pursue if the probability of finding a restaurant venue in a suburban area can be reliably estimated as 0.7 and in a metropolitan area as 0.3? Describe your reasoning and show your calculations.
  4. Provide a description of a scenario in which this kind of decision between two choices, based on weighing their underlying attributes, applies in the “real-world” business setting. Furthermore, what are the benefits and drawbacks, if any, to this method of decision making?

Problem 2:

The demand function for Newton’s Donuts has been estimated as follows:

Qx = -14 – 54Px + 45Py + 0.62Ax

where Qx represents thousands of donuts; Px is the price per donut; Py is the average price per donut of other brands of donuts; and Ax represents thousands of dollars spent on advertising Newton’s Donuts. The current values of the independent variables are Ax=120, Px=0.95, and Py=0.64.

Show all of your calculations and processes. Describe your answer for each question in complete sentences, whenever it is necessary.

  1. Calculate the price elasticity of demand for Newton’s Donuts and describe what it means. Describe your answer and show your calculations.
  2. Derive an expression for the inverse demand curve for Newton’s Donuts. Describe your answer and show your calculations.
  3. If the cost of producing Newton’s Donuts is constant at $0.15 per donut, should they reduce the price and thereafter, sell more donuts (assuming profit maximization is the company’s goal)?
  4. Should Newton’s Donuts spend more on advertising?

 

Marginal Rate of Substitution

Week 2 Marginal Rate of Substitution

 

What is the marginal rate of substitution (MRS) and why does it diminish as the consumer substitutes one product for another? Use examples to illustrate.

Demand Elasticity

Demand Elasticity: Please, read the article Hainer, R. (2010), provided in the required readings section for this week. The tobacco industry is a prime example to consider when talking about price elasticity of demand. While nicotine use can be addictive for many users, it is not addictive for the so-called “social smokers”.

What can we say about the price elasticity of demand for nicotine products (such as cigarettes, pipes, tobacco) in the group of nicotine addicted users, versus the group of “social smokers”? Can we say whose demand is likely to be more elastic? Why?

Market Structures and Pricing Decisions Applied Problems

Problem 1: 

Robert’s New Way Vacuum Cleaner Company is a newly started small business that produces vacuum cleaners and belongs to a monopolistically competitive market. Its demand curve for the product is expressed as Q = 5000 – 25P where Q is the number of vacuum cleaners per year and P is in dollars. Cost estimation processes have determined that the firm’s cost function is represented by TC = 1500 + 20Q + 0.02Q2.

Show all of your calculations and processes. Describe your answer for each question in complete sentences, whenever it is necessary.

  1. What are the profit-maximizing price and output levels? Explain them and calculate algebraically for equilibrium P (price) and Q (output). Then, plot the MC (marginal cost), D (demand), and MR (marginal revenue) curves graphically and illustrate the equilibrium point.
  2. How much economic profit do you expect that Robert’s company will make in the first year?
  3. Do you expect this economic profit level to continue in subsequent years? Why or why not?

Problem 2:
Greener Grass Company (GGC) competes with its main rival, Better Lawns and Gardens (BLG), in the supply and installation of in-ground lawn watering systems in the wealthy western suburbs of a major east-coast city. Last year, GGC’s price for the typical lawn system was $1,900 compared with BLG’s price of $2,100. GGC installed 9,960 systems, or about 60% of total sales and BLG installed the rest. (No doubt many additional systems were installed by do-it-yourself homeowners because the parts are readily available at hardware stores.)
GGC has substantial excess capacity–it could easily install 25,000 systems annually, as it has all the necessary equipment and can easily hire and train installers. Accordingly, GGC is considering expansion into the eastern suburbs, where the homeowners are less wealthy. In past years, both GGC and BLG have installed several hundred systems in the eastern suburbs but generally their sales efforts are met with the response that the systems are too expensive. GGC has hired you to recommend a pricing strategy for both the western and eastern suburb markets for this coming season. You have estimated two distinct demand functions, as follows:
Qw =2100 – 6.25Pgw + 3Pbw + 2100Ag – 1500Ab + 0.2Yw
for the western market and
Qe = 36620 – 25Pge + 7Pbe + 1180Ag – 950Ab + 0.085Ye
for the eastern market, where Q refers to the number of units sold; P refers to price level; A refers to advertising budgets of the firms (in millions); Y refers to average disposable income levels of the potential customers; the subscripts w and e refer to the western and eastern markets, respectively; and the subscripts g and b refer to GGC and BLG, respectively. GGC expects to spend $1.5 million (use Ag = 1.5) on advertising this coming year and expects BLG to spend $1.2 million (use Ab = 1.2) on advertising. The average household disposable income is $60,000 in the western suburbs and $30,000 in the eastern suburbs. GGC does not expect BLG to change its price from last year because it has already distributed its glossy brochures (with the $2,100 price stated) in both suburbs, and its TV commercial has already been produced. GGC’s cost structure has been estimated as TVC = 750Q + 0.005Q2, where Q represents single lawn watering systems.

Show all of your calculations and processes. Describe your answer for each item below in complete sentences, whenever it is necessary.

  1. Derive the demand curves for GGC’s product in each market.
  2. Derive GGC’s marginal revenue (MR) and marginal cost (MC) curves in each market. Show graphically GGC’s demand, MR, and MC curves for each market.
  3. Derive algebraically the quantities that should be produced and sold, and the prices that should be charged, in each market.
  4. Calculate the price elasticities of demand in each market and discuss these in relation to the prices to be charged in each market.
  5. Add a short note to GGC management outlining any reservations and qualifications you may have concerning your price recommendations.

 

Individual Federal Reserve Presentation

Your boss has chosen you to give a presentation to a number of foreign officials regarding the United States Federal Reserve System. These officials are very interested in doing business in the United States, but they would like to learn more about the Federal Reserve and how it operates.

Develop a 10- to 15-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation.

Address the following questions and include a notes page which contains the write-up portion to each question:

·         What are the factors that would influence the Federal Reserve in adjusting the discount rate?

·         How does the discount rate affect the decisions of banks in setting their specific interest rates?

·         How does monetary policy aim to avoid inflation?

·         How does monetary policy control the money supply?

·         How does a stimulus program (through the money multiplier) affect the money supply?

Currently, what indicators are evident that there is too much or too little money within the economy? How is monetary policy aiming to adjust this?

Managerial Economics

Use the reading below as the basis for writing a 3- to 4-page paper in APA format with in text citing and a reference page addressing the assignment below.
Reading
Worstall, T. (2013). Solving the Principal Agent Problem: Apple Insists That Executives Must Hold Company Stock. Forbes. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/timworstall/2013/03/01/solving-the-principal-agent-problem-apple-insists-that-executives-must-hold-company-stock/
Phillips, J. (2012). The Principal Agent Problem. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eByLsoIPMy8
Moy, R. (2013). Agency Theory. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GJ7y2XaSUCc
Assignment Instructions
In 2006 the CEO of Bear Stern, James Caynes, received a compensation package of $34 million. The following year Bear Stern cost the taxpayers $2.7 billion. In 2006, the CEO of Lehman Brothers received a compensation package of $27 million. On September 15, 2008, Lehman Brothers filed for bankruptcy. The collapse of Lehman Brothers is seen by many as the key event that sparked the Global Financial Crisis. In 2006, the CEO of Citigroup, Charles Prince, received a compensation package of $25 million. Since then the stock price has fallen from $50 a share to $3.5 a share. The CEO of Countrywide Financial, Angelo Mozilo, did even better. His compensation package was $43 million. Angelo Mozilo and two other top executives were charged by the Security and Exchange Commission (SEC) with fraud. According to the SEC, from 2005 through 2007, Countrywide Financial engaged in an unprecedented expansion of its underwriting guidelines and was writing riskier and riskier loans, which these senior executives were warned might ultimately curtail the company’s ability to sell them. Countrywide Financial was the third biggest originator of subprime mortgages and the nation’s leader in subprime mortgage-backed securities. The tragedy is that these individuals did not make decisions that were in their companies’ best interests. In this SLP, answer the following questions:
• Why did the executives make these decisions?
• What caused the relation between the CEO and the stockholders to go so badly awry?
• Discuss in terms of the principle-agent problem and suggest a way firms can avoid this type of situation.

Federal tax return for Bill and Joyce Schnappauf. 2012

INTRODUCTION

The information below will allow you to prepare the 2012 federal tax return for Bill and

Joyce Schnappauf. The information is provided in three phases, which correspond to the

three major components of computing income tax—gross income, deductions and

losses, and property transactions. If your instructor assigns these problems, at the end of

each major segment (i.e., Chapter 4, Chapter 8, and Chapter 12), you should complete

the appropriate portions of the forms indicated. If you are not using a tax software package,

you should not complete the second page of Form 1040 until you have completed

Chapter 12.

Completing the tax return problem will help you understand the reporting procedures

for the information in each major segment of the text. In addition, it will aid you

in reviewing the major topics discussed in the book; it serves as an overview of the

course.

 

THE SCHNAPPAUF FAMILY

In 2012, Bill and Joyce Schnappauf live in Wakefield, R.I. Bill is 53, and Joyce is 51. Bill

is a district sales manager for USC Equipment Corporation, a Rhode Island firm that

manufactures and distributes gaming equipment. Joyce is a self-employed author of

children’s books. The Schnappaufs have three children, Will, 21, Dan, 19, and Tom, 16.

In February 2013, the Schnappaufs provide the following basic information for preparing

their 2012 federal income tax return:

  1. The Schnappaufs use the cash method of accounting and file their return on a calendar-year basis.
  2. Unless otherwise stated, assume that the Schnappaufs want to minimize the current year’s tax liability. That is, they would like to defer income when possible and take the largest deductions possible, a practice they have followed in the past.
  3. Joyce’s Social Security number is XXX-XX-XXXX
  4. Bill’s Social Security number is XXX-XX-XXXX
  5. Will’s Social Security number is XXX-XX-XXXX
  6. Dan’s Social Security number is XXX-XX-XXXX
  7. Tom’s Social Security number is XXX-XX-XXXX
  8. The Schnappaufs do not have any foreign bank accounts or foreign trusts.
  9. Their address is 27 Northup Street, Wakefield, R.I. (02879).
  10. The Schnappaufs do not wish to contribute to the presidential election campaign.

PHASE I—CHAPTERS 1–4

The first phase of the tax return problem is designed to introduce you to some of the tax forms and the supporting documentation (Forms W-2, 1099-INT, etc.) needed to complete a basic tax return. The first four chapters focus on the income aspects of individual taxation. Accordingly, this phase of the tax return focuses on the basic income concepts.

  1. Bill’s W-2 is provided (Exhibit A-1). The 2012 W-2 includes his salary ($94,000), bonus ($47,000), and income from group-term life insurance coverage in excess of $50,000 ($121.44), and is reduced by his 7 percent contribution ($6,580) to USC’s qualified pension plan. The company matches Bill’s contribution to the plan.
  2. The Schnappaufs receive two 1099-INTs for interest (Exhibits A-2 and A-3), two 1099-DIVs for dividends (Exhibits A-4 and A-5), and a combined interest and dividend statement (Exhibit A-6).
  3. Joyce and her brother, Bob, are co-owners of, and active participants in, a furniture-restoration business. Joyce owns 30 percent, and Bob owns 70 percent of the business. The business was formed as an S corporation in 2004. During 2012, the company pays $5,000 in dividends. The basis of Joyce’s stock is $27,000.
  4. The Schnappaufs receive a 2011 federal income tax refund of $1,342 on May 12, 2012. On May 15, 2012, they receive their income tax refund from the state of Rhode Island. In January 2013, the state mails the Schnappaufs a Form 1099-G (Exhibit A-7). Their total itemized deductions in 2011 were $22,854.
  5. During 2012, Joyce is the lucky ninety-third caller to a local radio station and wins $500 in cash and a stereo system. Despite repeated calls to the radio station, she has not received a Form 1099—MISC. In announcing the prize, the radio station host said that the manufacturer’s suggested retail price for the stereo system is

$625. However, Joyce has a catalog from Supersonic Electronics that advertises the system for $520.

  1. The Schnappaufs receive a Form W-2G (Exhibit A-8) for their winnings at the Yardley Casino in Connecticut.
  2. On June 26, 2012, Bill receives a check for $17,400 from the United Insurance Corporation. Though he was unaware of it, he was the designated beneficiary of an insurance policy on the life of his uncle. The policy had a maturity value of $16,980, and the letter from the company stated that his uncle had paid premiums on the policy of $2,950 (Exhibit A-9).
  3. Joyce is active in the school PTO. During the year, she receives an award for outstanding service to the organization. She receives a plaque and two $75 gift certificates that were donated to the PTO by local merchants.
  4. To complete phase I, you will need Form 1040, Schedule B, and Schedule D.

 

INSTRUCTIONS: If you are using tax software to prepare the tax return or are not completing

phases II and III of the problem, ignore the instructions that follow. If you are preparing

the return manually, you cannot complete some of the forms used in phase I until

you receive additional information provided in phase II or phase III. Therefore, as a general

rule, you should only post the information to the appropriate form and not compute

totals for that form. The following specific instructions will assist you in preparing Part I

of the return.

  1. The only form that can be totaled is Schedule B.
  2. Only post the appropriate information to Schedule D. Do not total any columns.

More information is provided in phase III of the tax return problem.

  1. Do not calculate total income or adjusted gross income on page 1 of Form 1040.
  2. Post the appropriate information on page 2 of Form 1040, but do not total this

page, compute the federal tax liability, or determine the refund or balance due.

PREPARATION AID: Tax forms and instructions can be downloaded from the IRS’s home

page (http://www.irs.treas.gov). You can also download IRS Publication 17, which is a

useful guide in preparing the tax return.

PHASE II—CHAPTERS 5–8

This is the second phase of the tax return problem you began at the end of Chapter 4.This phase of the tax return incorporates the material from Chapters 5, 6, 7, and 8 by providing you with information concerning the Schnappaufs’ deductions for 2012. They provide you with the following information.

  1. Joyce writes children’s books for a variety of publishers. She has been selfemployed since 2004. As a freelance writer, Joyce incurs costs associated with preparing a manuscript for which she does not yet have a contract. During the year, Joyce makes 4 business trips, each 3 days long, to meet with various publishers. For shorter trips that are closer to home, she either drives or takes the train and

returns the same day. On December 10, 2012, Joyce receives an advance (see below) on her next book. Under the contract, Joyce is scheduled to begin work on the book on February 1, 2013, and must have it completed by November 30, 2013. The Schnappaufs’ home has 2 telephones. Joyce has a separate phone number for her business. The information on Joyce’s business is listed below.

Royalties (Exhibits A-10 to A-12)

Publisher’s advance $4,500

Office supplies 180

Train tickets 640

Airfare (4 trips) 1,800

Lodging (12 nights) 2,120

Meals (12 days) 510

Telephone ($28 monthly fee per phone line) 672

Internet provider 416

Cell phone, including business calls 876

Business-related postage 108

Printing/copying 217

Legal fees 1,100

Interest on auto 374

  1. On January 2, 2012, Joyce purchases a new car to use in her business. The car, a Volster, costs $15,200. Joyce pays $2,200 in cash and finances the balance through the dealer. She uses the car 40 percent of the time for business and drives a total of 10,500 miles during 2012. The total expenses for the 10,500 miles driven are: repairs and maintenance, $320; insurance, $735; and gasoline,$1,845.

The correct depreciation expense for 2012 is $608 ($15,200 × 40% × 10%).

  1. Joyce’s office is located in a separate room in the house and occupies 375 square feet. The total square footage of the house is 2,500. The Schnappaufs purchased the home on July 7, 1998, for $70,000. The local practice is to allocate 10 percent of the purchase price to land. The depreciation percentage for the office is 0.02564.

When Joyce started her business on January 1, 2004, the fair market value of the house was $108,000. The total household expenses for 2012 are as follows:

Heat $2,170

Insurance 1,425

Electricity 690

Repairs to kitchen 2,750

Cleaning 1,510

  1. Bill began work on his MBA at Denville University. He enrolled in two courses,and paid $2,650 in tuition and $180 for books.
  2. Bill and Joyce each contribute the maximum to their respective IRA accounts in 2012. The IRA account is Joyce’s only retirement vehicle. Bill’s basis in his IRA before the current year’s contribution is $26,000, and Joyce’s basis is $36,000. The fair market value of Bill’s IRA on 12/31/12 is $41,720, and the fair market value of Joyce’s IRA is $57,100. In addition, Bill and Joyce contributed $2,000 to a Coverdell Education Savings Account for Thomas.
  3. On June 15, 2012, the Schnappaufs’ 2011 station wagon is totaled in Hurricane

Ann. The car was purchased for $28,700 in November 2010. The Schnappaufs

receive a check for $21,200 from Zippy Insurance Company that represents the

fair market value of the car minus a $750 deductible. On June 26, 2012, they

replace the car with a 2012 station wagon. The new car costs $31,400, and the

Schnappaufs receive a rebate check from the car’s manufacturer for $2,500.

  1. The hurricane also damages part of the Schnappaufs’ house. A tree falls and makes a hole in the roof above the kitchen. Water damages the kitchen, causing the new dishwasher to short out, and it has to be replaced. In addition, the linoleum

floor has to be replaced. The cost of fixing the hole in the roof is $1,000. The Schnappaufs receive $700 ($1,000 repair cost minus $300 deductible) to fix the roof. Information concerning the dishwasher and the floor is as follows:

Property Dishwasher Floor

Date 3/30/12 3/16/12

Acquired

Original

Cost $780 $1,500

FMV

Before $780 $1,350

FMV

After 0 0

 

Reimbursement $380 $850

 

  1. The Schnappaufs incur the following medical expenses (before considering the

$700 reimbursement they receive from their health insurance policy):

Medical premiums $3,800

Doctors 1200

Chiropractor 650

Dentist 1,900

Vet fees (family dog Sandy) 350

Prescription drugs 340

Over-the-counter drugs (aspirin, cough syrup) 175

In addition, Bill purchases an Exsoaligner machine for $700. The machine was recommended by the chiropractor to help strengthen Bill’s back muscles.

  1. The Schnappaufs pay the following property taxes:

Wakefield house $7,700

Family car used by Bill (ad valorem) 480

Joyce’s car (ad valorem) 510

  1. The Schnappaufs receive two Form 1098s for the cost of interest on bank loans. They also pay interest on their personal credit cards.

Jefferson Trust 1098 (Exhibit A-13—Wakefield house)

Jefferson Trust 1098 (Exhibit A-14—Home equity)

Dempsey’s Department Store revolving account $191

Brooks’ Bargain Basement revolving account 67

Jefferson Trust bank card 212

The proceeds from the home equity loan were used to renovate their kitchen and pay for Tom’s tuition to private school. The interest on the portion of the loan used for private school tuition is $640.

  1. Bill and Joyce make cash charitable contributions to the United Fund Campaign

($1,750), Adelade University ($300), Tremon University ($2,000), and Christ

the King Church in Kingston, R.I. ($2,600). The Schnappaufs have documentation

to verify their cash contributions. They also donate property to the Salvation

Army on July 15, 2012:

Property FMV Original Cost Date Acquired

Antique table $515 $225 1/4/01

Dishwasher 150 700 5/6/05

Sofa bed 160 800 13/14/07

Men’s suits (2) 140 540 Various

The Salvation Army acknowledges that these amounts represent the fair market

value of the donated items.

  1. The Schnappaufs incur the following expenses:

Type Amount

2010 tax preparation fee (paid in 2012) $ 900

Safety deposit box 35

Investment journals 405

Investment advice 875

Business publications (Bill) 550

Gambling losses 2640

  1. Because Joyce is self-employed, they make federal estimated tax payments of

$225 per quarter on April 15, 2012, June 15, 2012, September 15, 2012, and January 15, 2013. They also make estimated payments of $140 per quarter to the state of Rhode Island on April 15, 2012, June 15, 2012, September 15, 2012, and December 31, 2012.

  1. Bill and Joyce paid $6,150 in tuition, $625 for books, and $7,630 for room and board for Will, a junior, to attend Springbrook State University. They also paid $15,000 in tuition, $515 in books, and $8,130 in room and board for Dan, a freshman at Prescott College.
  2. Other information:
  3. Joyce’s business is named Queensbridge Books, and her employer I.D. number is 05-3456345.
  4. The Salvation Army’s address is 15 High Street, Wakefield, R.I. 02879.
  5. To complete phase II, you will need the following additional forms: Schedule A, Schedule C, Schedule SE, and Forms 4562, 4684, 8283, 8606, 8829, and 8863.

INSTRUCTIONS: If you are using tax software to prepare the tax return or are not completing

phase III of the problem, ignore the instructions that follow.

As in phase I, there are forms in phase II that cannot be completed without additional

information which is provided in phase III. Therefore, as a general rule, you

should only post the information to the appropriate form and not compute totals for that

form. The following specific instructions will assist you in preparing Part II of the return.

  1. The only form that can be completed at the end of phase II is Form 8283.
  2. Do not calculate total income or adjusted gross income on page 1 of Form

1040.

  1. Post the appropriate information on page 2 of Form 1040, but do not total

this page, compute the federal tax liability, or determine the refund or balance

due.

  1. Do not calculate the total itemized deductions on Schedule A.
  2. Do not total Joyce’s expenses on Schedule C.
  3. Do not compute Joyce’s self-employment tax on Schedule SE.
  4. Do not complete the summary section of Form 4562.
  5. Complete Form 4684 only to the point at which adjusted gross income is

requested.

  1. On Form 8829, complete Part I, and only post the appropriate indirect

expenses. Do not calculate the allowable depreciation or the allowable home

office deduction.

PHASE III—CHAPTERS 9–12

This is the third and final phase of the Schnappauf family’s tax return. This phase incorporates

the material in Chapters 9, 10, 11, and 12 requires you to analyze the various types of property transactions discussed in those chapters.

  1. On February 11, 2012, Bill inherits his father’s summer home. The house, located in South Lake Tahoe, Nevada, has a fair market value of $496,000 at the date of his father’s death. His parents had purchased the house in 1974 for $127,000 and

made $59,000 worth of capital improvements to it. Twenty percent of the total

value of the property is attributable to the land. Because Bill and Joyce ultimately

would like to use the property as a vacation home, they decide to rent it out. Bill

actively participates in the management of the property. The property is first advertised

for rent on March 1, 2012, but is not rented until April 15, 2012. Bill provides

the following income and expense information for the Lake Tahoe rental

property:

Rent $18,000

Repairs 4,720

Management fee 2,750

Property taxes 9,375

Insurance 1,900

In addition, Bill buys a new stove for $1,240 and a new refrigerator for $970 on

March 20, 2012.

  1. The Schnappaufs receive Form 1099-B (Exhibit A-15) from Pebble Beach Investors

for the sale of several securities. Details on the securities sales are provided

below. The selling price listed is net of brokerage commissions and represents the

amount the Schnappaufs actually receive from the sale.

Stock DateAcquiredDateSoldSalePricePurchasePrice 150 shares Pfizer Corp 5/12/89 8/15/12 $ 6,000 $ *

300 ” Texas Instruments 7/30/94 10/25/12 17,100 **

50 shares Alcoa 6/10/06 10/23/12 525 1,800

25 shares Luminent 4/28/12 9/4/12 900 2,700

60 ” Textron 9/11/12 10/27/12 10,410 9,100

300 shares Hasbro 1/7/01 12/20/12 6,125 3,150

*When Joyce graduated from college on May 12, 1989, her father gave her 150 shares of Pfizer Corporation stock

that he had acquired on October 27, 1981, for $1,300. At the date of the gift, the fair market value of the stock was $1,800. In January 1998, Pfizer Corporation stock split 2 for 1.

**The Schnappaufs acquired 500 shares of preferred stock in Texas Instruments for $7,810. Shortly after the purchase, they received a nontaxable 10% stock dividend.

  1. On May 18, 2012, Joyce purchases a computer system for $2,560. She also buys a color printer/copier/fax machine for $560. All the equipment is used exclusively in her business.
  2. On June 12, 2012, Joyce sells her old computer system for $355 and her printer for $110. She had acquired the computer system and printer on February 18, 2009, for $2,710 and $490, respectively. When the Schnappaufs prepared their 2009 tax

return, they elected to expense the computer and printer using Section 179. The

computer system and the printer were used exclusively in her business.

  1. Joyce receives a Schedule K-1 (Exhibit A-16) for her interest in the furniture-restoration business.
  2. Other information:
  3. The rental property in Lake Tahoe is located at 100 Paraiso Drive, South Lake Tahoe (88197).

INSTRUCTIONS: To complete phase III, you need the following additional forms: Schedule

E and Forms 4562 and 8582. You now have all the information necessary to complete

the schedules that you did not finish in phases I and II.

Drinking and Pregnancy

A simple random sample of 1,252 pregnant women under the age of 25 includes 13 who were drinking alcohol during their pregnancy. A simple random sample of 2,029 pregnant women of age 25 and over includes 37 who were drinking alcohol during their pregnancy. (The data are based on results from the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics.) Use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that the age category (under 25 and 25 or over) is independent of drinking during pregnancy.

Q18a. State the null hypothesis

Age category is independent of drinking during pregnancy

Age category is not independent of drinking during pregnancy

Other:

Q18b. State the alternative hypothesis.

Age category is independent of drinking during pregnancy.

Age category is not independent of drinking during pregnancy.

Other:

Q18c. Find the value of the Chi-square test statistic:

0.181

1.181

2.181

3.181

Q18d. Use the given significance level to find the Chi-square critical value

2.07

2.71

3.84

5.02

Q18e. Hypothesis testing result

Reject the null hypothesis

Do not reject the null hypothesis

Q18f. State the conclusion that addresses the original claim.

There is enough evidence to reject the independence of the age category and drinking in pregnancy.

There is not enough evidence to reject the independence of the age category and drinking in pregnancy.

Effects of corruption on capitalism and foreign investment

write a research paper on The following topic.

1. What are the effects of corruption on capitalism and foreign investment? (unit II)

Be sure to include at least the following points in your paper:

What are the types of corruption?·

What are effects of corruption on MNCs?·

How can MNCs deal effectively with these problems?·

The paper should be at least 750 words in length.·

You are required to use a minimum of three scholarly sources for the paper.·

All sources used must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying APA citations

Which form of media would you use for this new product

This week’s discussion focuses on how to construct a promotional campaign. Specifically, you will analyze various media vehicles in order to increase brand awareness.

Please respond to all of the following prompts in the class discussion section of your online course:

Suppose you are the advertising manager for a new line of adult fragrances.

  • Which form of media would you use for this new product? Explain why you feel these media options work best.

In addition, after watching the video, Advertising and Public Relations at Ogden Publications, answer the following:

  • What challenges do specialized magazines such as Mother Earth News face when trying to entice advertisers?  Create a pitch to a potential green-product advertiser stating the benefits of advertising in Mother Earth News.

advantages of price discrimination for the firm? Consumer?

Firms with market power are often able to practice price discrimination. This occurs when the seller can charge different prices for the same good. What are some examples of price discrimination that you have experienced in the market? What are some advantages of price discrimination for the firm? Consumer?

 

 

The Key Concepts in Economics

Assignment: The Key Concepts in Economics

Assignment: The Key Concepts in Economics

Due Week 8 and worth 175 points

Write a three to four (3-4) page paper in which you:

  1. Identify at least four (4) key points of a relevant economic article from either the Strayer Library or a newspaper. The article must deal with any course concepts covered in Weeks 1-8.
  2. Apply one (1) of the following economic concepts (supply, demand, market structures, elasticity, costs of production, GDP, Unemployment, inflation, aggregate demand, and aggregate supply) to the key points that you highlighted in Question 1.
  3. Explain how the concept that you identified in Question 2 could affect the U.S. economy.
  4. In your concluding paragraph, state whether you agree or disagree with the economic article identified in Question 1. Provide a rationale for the response.
  5. Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment with one (1) being your article.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Analyze the dynamics of supply and demand to anticipate market equilibrium.
  • Analyze the elasticity of demand and supply and its importance, and the effect of taxes or other public policies.
  • Describe the impact of various forms of competition on business operations with emphasis on perfect competition.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in principles of economics.\

Imperfect Competition Case Assignment Competition and Market Power

Module 5 – Case Imperfect Competition Case Assignment Competition and Market Power

Module 5 – Case

 

Imperfect Competition

 

 

Case Assignment

 

Competition and Market Power

 

Review the following questions and prepare a 4- to 5-page paper on the following questions:

1.Explain the difference between the demand curve facing a monopoly firm and the demand curve facing a perfectly competitive firm.

2.Which of the following is (are) most likely to be produced under conditions resembling a monopoly: oil, automobiles, diamonds, electricity transmission, and eggs. Defend your answer in economic terms.

3.Name one monopoly firm you deal with. What is the source of its monopoly power? Do you think it seeks to maximize its profits?

4.This module focuses on four types of firms:

a.perfectly competitive

b.monopoly

c.monopolistic competitive

d.oligopoly

 

Which of the above firms would most likely have zero economic profit in the long run? (It can be more than one type.) Explain.

 

Assignment Expectations

 

Use concepts from the modular background readings as well as any good-quality resources you can find. Be sure to cite all sources within the text and provide a reference list at the end of the paper.

 

Length: 4–5 pages double-spaced and typed.

 

The following items will be assessed in particular:

  • Your ability to understand the differences between perfect and imperfect competition.
  • Some in-text references to the modular background material (APA formatting not required).
  • The essay should address each element of the assignment. Remember to support your answers with solid references including the Case readings.

Consumer Demand Analysis and Estimation Applied Problems

BUS 640 Week 2 Consumer Demand Analysis and Estimation Applied Problems (New)

Week 2 Assignment 

Consumer Demand Analysis and Estimation Applied Problems

Please complete the following two applied problems:

Problem 1:

Patricia is researching venues for a restaurant business. She is evaluating three major attributes that she considers important in her choice: taste, location, and price. The value she places on each attribute, however, differs according to what type of restaurant she is going to start. If she opens a restaurant in a suburban area of Los Angeles, then taste is the most important attribute, three times as important as location, and two times as important as price. If she opens a restaurant in the Los Angeles metropolitan area, then location becomes three times as important as taste and two times as important as price. She is considering two venues, respectively, a steak restaurant and a pizza restaurant, both of which are priced the same. She has rated each attribute on a scale of 1 to 100 for each of the two different types of restaurants.

Attribute Steak Restaurant Pizza  Restaurant
Taste 80 70
Location 55 80
Price 65 50

 

Show all of your calculations and processes. Describe your answer for each question in complete sentences.

  1. Which of the two options should Patricia pursue if she wants to open a restaurant in a suburban area of Los Angeles? Calculate the total expected utility from each restaurant option and compare. Graph is not required. Describe your answer, and show your calculations.
  2. Which of the two options should she pick if she plans to open a restaurant in the Los Angeles metropolitan area? Describe your answer, and show your calculations.
  3. Which option should she pursue if the probability of finding a restaurant venue in a suburban area can be reliably estimated as 0.7 and in a metropolitan area as 0.3? Describe your reasoning and show your calculations.
  4. Provide a description of a scenario in which this kind of decision between two choices, based on weighing their underlying attributes, applies in the “real-world” business setting. Furthermore, what are the benefits and drawbacks, if any, to this method of decision making?

Problem 2:

The demand function for Newton’s Donuts has been estimated as follows:

Qx = -14 – 54Px + 45Py + 0.62Ax

where Qx represents thousands of donuts; Px is the price per donut; Py is the average price per donut of other brands of donuts; and Ax represents thousands of dollars spent on advertising Newton’s Donuts. The current values of the independent variables are Ax=120, Px=0.95, and Py=0.64.

Show all of your calculations and processes. Describe your answer for each question in complete sentences, whenever it is necessary.

  1. Calculate the price elasticity of demand for Newton’s Donuts and describe what it means. Describe your answer and show your calculations.
  2. Derive an expression for the inverse demand curve for Newton’s Donuts. Describe your answer and show your calculations.
  3. If the cost of producing Newton’s Donuts is constant at $0.15 per donut, should they reduce the price and thereafter, sell more donuts (assuming profit maximization is the company’s goal)?
  4. Should Newton’s Donuts spend more on advertising?

Marginal Rate of Substitution

BUS 640 Week 2 DQ 1 Marginal Rate of Substitution (Ash

Course)

Week 2 Marginal Rate of Substitution

What is the marginal rate of substitution (MRS) and why does it diminish as the consumer substitutes one product for another? Use examples to illustrate.

Poverty and Income Inequality

Assignment 1: Market Failure: Poverty and Income Inequality

Listed below are several summary statements from the 2010 Census report:

  1. The official poverty rate in 2010 was 15.1 percent—up from 14.3 percent in 2009. This was the third consecutive annual increase in the poverty rate. Since 2007, the poverty rate has increased by 2.6 percentage points, from 12.5 percent to 15.1 percent.
  2. In 2010, 46.2 million people were in poverty, up from 43.6 million in 2009—the fourth consecutive annual increase in the number of people in poverty.
  3. Between 2009 and 2010, the poverty rate increased for non-Hispanic Whites (from 9.4 percent to 9.9 percent), for Blacks (from 25.8 percent to 27.4 percent), and for Hispanics (from 25.3 percent to 26.6 percent). For Asians, the 2010 poverty rate (12.1 percent) was not statistically different from the 2009 poverty rate.1
  4. The poverty rate in 2010 (15.1 percent) was the highest poverty rate since 1993 but was 7.3 percentage points lower than the poverty rate in 1959, the first year for which poverty estimates are available.
  5. The number of people in poverty in 2010 (46.2 million) is the largest number in the 52 years for which poverty estimates have been published.
  6. Between 2009 and 2010, the poverty rate increased for children under age 18 (from 20.7 percent to 22.0 percent) and people aged 18 to 64 (from 12.9 percent to 13.7 percent), but was not statistically different for people aged 65 and older (9.0 percent).2

Source: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/data/incpovhlth/2010/highlights.html

Tasks:

  • Select any four of the six summary statements and explain in detail the significance and possible causes of each item.
  • Be sure to use the economic concepts and polices discussed in your textbook where applicable.
  • Identify possible economic policies that may explain these items and/or those which could be used to deal with the problems or situations described.

Deliverables:

  1. Prepare a 5-10 page Microsoft Word document that addresses the above tasks and meets APA standards.
  2. Include a summary section in your report that contains 5-7 bullet points identifying your major findings or conclusions of your paper.
  3. Submit this report as your initial post in the W5, Assignment 1 Discussion Area.
  4. Comment on at least two other presentations submitted by your peers, identifying the strengths and weaknesses of each.

All submissions must be original and all resources must be properly acknowledged.

DEADWEIGHT LOSS AND MARKET FAILURE

Explain what is deadweight loss giving examples

Explain how deadweight loss leads to market failure.

Explain possible remedies of market failure.

5 double spaced pages written in APA format.

Plagiarism free work.

Human capital affect labor productivity and economic growth

What is “human capital,” and how does human capital affect labor productivity and economic growth?

Use a standard essay format for responses to all questions (i.e., an introduction, middle paragraphs and conclusion)

Responses must be typed double-spaced, using a standard font (i.e. Times New Roman) and 12 point type size

All work must be free of any form of plagiarism. Put written answers into your own words. Do not simply cut and paste your answers from the Internet and do not copy your answers from the textbook.

Must have 2 references on each question.

480-500 word per essay question

Economics of Risk and Uncertainty Applied Problems

Please complete the following two applied problems. Show all your calculations and explain your results.

Problem 1

A generous university benefactor has agreed to donate a large amount of money for student scholarships. The money can be provided in one lump sum of $12 million in Year 0 (the current year), or in parts, in which $7 million can be provided at the end of Year 1, and another $7 million can be provided at the end of Year 2.

Describe your answer for each item below in complete sentences, whenever it is necessary. Show all of your calculations and processes for the following points:

  1. Assuming the opportunity interest rate is 8%, what is the present value of the second alternative mentioned above? Which of the two alternatives should be chosen and why?
  2. How would your decision change if the opportunity interest rate is 12%?
  3. Provide a description of a scenario where this kind of decision between two types of payment streams applies in the “real-world” business setting.

Problem 2
The San Diego LLC is considering a three-year project, Project A, involving an initial investment of $80 million and the following cash inflows and probabilities:

Describe your answer for each question in complete sentences, whenever it is necessary. Show all of your calculations and processes for the following points:

  1. Describe and calculate Project A’s expected net present value (ENPV) and standard deviation (SD), assuming the discount rate (or risk-free interest rate) to be 8%. What is the decision rule in terms of ENPV? What will be San Diego LLC’s decision regarding this project? Describe your answer.
  2. The company is also considering another three-year project, Project B, which has an ENPV of $32 million and standard deviation of $10.5 million. Project A and B are mutually exclusive. Which of the two projects would you prefer if you do not consider the risk factor? Explain.
  3. Describe the coefficient of variation (CV) and the standard deviation (SD) in connection with risk attitudes and decision making. If you now also consider your risk-aversion attitude, as the CEO of the San Diego LLC will you make a different decision between Project A and Project B? Why or why not?

International Business Strategies for Entering the Target Market

International Business

Research Huawei technologies- find the specific target market. Part of this would involve looking into the pros and cons of this area as we determine the proper way to enter.

Create a 5-7 slide presentation using the speaker’s notes section for your content and the slides for presentation purposes. Include the following information:

  1. Describe the specific target market
  2. Develop strategies for entering the target market
  3. Create a plan for entering the target market

Your presentation should be proofread for spelling and grammar. Your presentation slides should be concise.

Macroeconomics

Macroeconomics                                 Name:

Summer 2015

Homework Project

 

Due: June 15, 9:16 a.m. 30 points. No late assignments will be accepted.

 

The goal of the assignment is to (a) find macroeconomic data, (b) use the aggregate supply and demand graph to decide the country’s situation, and (c) make recommendations.

 

Part I. The numbers. The first part of the assignment requires you to get numbers from FRED, http://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/, the St. Louis Fed website that consolidates numbers from numerous sources.

 

  1. Find the following information using FRED and use FRED to display the information in a graph. Use export to get a nice, easy-to-cut-and-paste picture (many formats available, pick the one that works best for your computer setup). Cut and paste (you may need to use paste special) the information from FRED into the spaces below. Resize the diagrams to fit into the space on the page. Please follow the format. Do not put more (or less) graphs on the same page than is given below. Real GDP is done as an example.

 

  1. The graph should show the data from 1950 to the present when possible. You will need to edit the graph to do this. Some graphs will require you to add two lines to a graph; others will require you to use the drop down boxes to modify the data. Use FRED to make these changes to the data. Also, use seasonally adjusted data at annual rates when possible.

 

  1. In addition to the data asked for below, you will also add two sets of data of your own choosing. The data sets should be of things you think are important in judging how the economy is doing. Your data should not repeat the previous data requested in the assignment.

 

Real GDP:

 

 

Real Gross Private Domestic Investment:

   Inflation rate found by editing the CPI data using FRED:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unemployment rate:

Real Exports of Goods and Services and Real Imports of Goods and Services on same        graph:

 

Average Hourly Earnings of All Employees: Total Private (percent change from year ago):

Your choice: Name of data: US Regular Conventional Gas Price

 

 

 

 

Your choice: Name of data:

 

  1. Sketch SAS/LAS/AD.

 

Based on the economy’s current condition, sketch and label the SAS / LAS / AD curves. Mark the short run equilibrium point as A. Put in appropriate numerical values for this point A.

 

  1. Explain why you drew the diagram as you did, using information from the graphs as justification. In your explanation, explain why point A is above/below/at potential real GDP. Be sure to reference the data in part I to explain your reasoning.

III.   Things to consider.

 

  1. Do you believe that AD will be increasing or decreasing or not changing in the future? _____________ Why, in two or three sentences?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. In another color, sketch the future changes in AD in your diagram above. Mark the new AD curve as AD’.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Decide what should be done.

 

Please agree or disagree with the statement on the next page, basing your judgment on what you have learned in class and the data provided above. Of course, there is no correct answer. Grading will be done on the basis of the quality of your answer relative to those of your colleagues. You are restricted to the space on the next page; please do not go onto the back of the sheet or on additional sheets. You may type (1.5 spaced) or hand write (neatly).

 

Good answers should discuss both sides of the argument, use data in the discussion, and come to a conclusion.

Proposition: The Federal Reserve should work to increase interest rates in the next two months.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Principles and Theory of Security Management

The bombing at the Boston Marathon is the most recent example of a terrorist attack in the United States.  In the days and weeks since that attack occurred the government has made a number of reactive responses to investigate the issue.

*What are some of those measures?

Recently the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced that it is doing away with the colored threat levels that have been in use since shortly after 9/11.

* What measures do you see the government taking to prevent terrorism?

* What about your employer?

question 2. Despite the fact that terrorism seems to dominate the news discussions of threats against the population, what are some other threats that businesses face domestically?

Note that the other thread deals with terrorism.  Let’s keep this thread terrorism free!

Global Economics Homework

Hi, I need this completed by tomorrow 6/13/2015 at 11:59pm. I have included the instructions below. Many thanks in advance!

Activity Instruction

As we read in the Porter and Kramer article, “the concept of shared value … recognizes that society’s needs, not just conventional economic needs, define markets” (p. 65). With this and the rest of the article in mind, identify a company that you think successfully creates shared value, and explain how they do it. Cite any sources in APA format.

Response Guidelines

Respond substantively to at least two other learners by noting if you agree or disagree with the effectiveness of that particular company’s attempts at shared value creation. Use the course readings and resources to support your responses and use proper APA format for citations and references.

Managerial Economics

Why is it likely that in a system of private education(i.e. a system in which individuals pay for their own education without government subsidy) there will be under investment in education(consider the social benefits in addition to individual benefits of education?

Do you think the interest on payday  is too high or just right?Should christians charge poor people interest on loans?

Discussion: 500 words minimum not including references or questions. Times Romans, Font size 12 on Word document. there must be 2 references dated from 2008 to 2015 that relates to the questions.  please keep paragraphs seperated. Original work only

Managerial Economics

ECON310-1401A-02 Global Managerial Economics

Task Name: Phase 2 Individual Project

Deliverable Length: 1,000–1,200 words

Details: Weekly tasks or assignments (Individual or Group Projects) will be due by Monday and late submissions will be assigned a late penalty in accordance with the late penalty policy found in the syllabus. NOTE: All submission posting times are based on midnight Central Time.

Suppose that there are two products: clothing and soda. Both Brazil and the United States produce each product. Brazil produces 100,000 units of clothing per year and 50,000 cans of soda. The United States produces 65,000 units of clothing per year and 250,000 cans of soda. Assume that costs remain constant.

What would be the production possibility frontiers for Brazil and the United States?

Without trade, the United States produces 45,000 units of clothing and 150,000 cans of soda.

Without trade, Brazil produces 75,000 units of clothing and 30,000 cans of soda.

Denote these points on each other’s production possibility frontier.

What is the marginal transformation rate for each country?

Should the two countries specialize and trade?

If so, who has the comparative advantage in what product?

Once they specialize, how much does output increase?

What are the terms of trade if the United States trades 1 can of soda for 5 units of clothing?

Are the consumers in each country better off?

What is the labor-intensive good?

What is the labor-abundant country?

What is the capital-abundant country?

Could trade help reduce poverty in Brazil and other developing countries?

How do product and factor prices and wages eventually equalize between the two countries?

Please submit your assignment.

Suppose that there are two products: clothing and soda. Both Brazil and the United States produce each product. Brazil produces 100,000 units of clothing per year and 50,000 cans of soda. The United States produces 65,000 units of clothing per year and 250,000 cans of soda. Assume that costs remain constant.

What would be the production possibility frontiers for Brazil and the United States?

What is the marginal transformation rate for each country?

Should the two countries specialize and trade?

If so, who has the comparative advantage in what product?

Once they specialize, how much does output increase?

What are the terms of trade if the United States trades 1 can of soda for 5 units of clothing?

Are the consumers in each country better off?

What is the labor-intensive good?

What is the labor-abundant country?

What is the capital-abundant country?

Could trade help reduce poverty in Brazil and other developing countries?

How do product and factor prices and wages eventually equalize between the two countries?

Economics

One method of price discrimination for firms is the use of coupons and rebates. Firms are basically allowing consumers to self-identify their respective price elasticities of demand for a product. Describe the last time you used a coupon or a rebate, and another time where you knew a coupon might be available and yet chose to not bother with it. Make sure to explain how the opportunity cost of your time and effort played a part in the choice you made.

Do you think price discrimination through coupons is fair? Should there be laws against this behavior? Why or why not?

1 to 2 page APA format

this is to be written in APA format double spaced Times roman font Number 12. References should include those that you think are righteous along with

Madariaga, B. (2010). Economics for life: 101 lessons you can use every day. Mason, Ohio:

South-Western Cengage Learning.

Walters et al. (2012). Econversations: Today’s Students Discuss Today’s Issues. Pearson

Education

Competitive Strategies and Government Policies

ECO 365 week 5 Team Assignment Competitive Strategies and Government Policies

Management has recognized the effect of changes in the real-world competitive environment and government policies on other industries and anticipates similar events occurring in their industry, so they ask you for a report considering the following points.

 

Write 1,400 –1,750-word paper of no more than in which you describe how each of the following are or potentially will affect your industry or one with which you are familiar:

 

  • New companies entering the market, mergers, and globalization, on pricing and the sustainability of profits: Identify the type of merger activity inyour industry or one with which you are familiar–horizontal, vertical, or conglomerate–and explain why you made that choice.

 

  • Current and expected government policies and regulations, including taxes and regulations in place to address issues related to externalities

 

  • Global competition on the decisions made by management with regards to change in labor demand, supply, relations, unions, and rules and regulations in your chosen industry

 

Recommend how the industry you chose may respond to each of the previous points.

 

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines

Economics

Week 3 Video Review-Consumer Behavior  APA format.

Watch the video in the link below:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jLAX0XwHAVM&list=PL524843495F0503CD&index=1

Write a 1 page paper in paragraph format, answering the following question.

  1. Explain the concepts of loss aversion, value attribution, and group dynamics. Explain why human behavior and actions are important to study and understand by economists.  Â
  2. An economic principle is that markets will act in rational ways, do you agree or disagree that consumers act rationally? Explain why or why not. If you are a business owner/manager, how would understanding human behavior benefit your business?  Would it help you in better marketing your products/services?
  3. Describe a consumer decision you made recently that was irrational?
  4. Which of the ‘ irrational’ thought patterns formed the basis for your decision?
  5. What steps can you take to avoid making irrational financial and/or consumption decisions in the future?

Money multiplier ratio

Why is the money multiplier in the United States smaller than the inverse of the required reserve ratio? Provide one (1) reason.

Part A

 Why is the money multiplier in the United States smaller than the inverse of the required reserve ratio? Provide one (1) reason.

  1. Explain why depositing cash into a checking account does not change the money supply. Provide one (1) supporting fact.
  2. Explain why the money supply does not change when one individual writes a check to another. Provide one (1) supporting fact.

Part B

  1. Describe one (1) reason why the flexibility of wages and prices tend to favor the Keynesian economic view in the short run and one (1) reason why the flexibility of wages and prices tend to favor the classical economic view in the long run
  1. Refer the figure below and explain what happens in each graph (A, B, and C) when an economy is moving from a recession (point a) back to full employment.

Attachments:

Microeconomics

Please provide a 150 word response for each topic.

  1. Oligopoly and Technological Change

What factors of oligopoly markets tend to encourage technological change?

  1. Factors Allowing Monopolies

How do firms protect their monopoly position? What strategies are used to protect monopoly power?

 

Utility, Elasticity, and Demand

For this assignment, suppose that you are in charge of designing a product campaign for a new shampoo. Assignment Guidelines, Part 1
Prepare a 2-3 page paper in Microsoft Word to address the following:

  • Describe the ultimate goal of the product campaign for the new shampoo.
  • Discuss your methods for achieving this goal.
  • Identify the components of marketing, pricing, and distribution for the campaign.
  • Include in your response a discussion and analysis of the concepts of utility, price elasticity, and demand.

Assignment Guidelines, Part 2
Using Microsoft Excel:

  • Prepare a graph which illustrates the desired effect of the marketing campaign as a shift in market equilibrium with reference to price and quantity adjustments.
  • Prepare another graph to illustrate how a change in consumer utility affects the price elasticity of demand.
  • Copy and paste or import these graphs into the MS Word document you prepared in Part 1 of this assignment.

(Tutorials for working with MS Excel and MS Word can be found through the Tutoring Services and Tutorials link at the top of the page.)
Remember, quotations, paraphrases, and ideas you get from books, articles, or other sources of information should be cited using APA style. Help with citing sources can be found through the Academic Resources page under Course Home.

 

Health Economics

Question

12 Size Font Times New Roman , APA Format, Cited References, at least two paragraphs per question.  NO PLAGIARIZING!!!!! I HAVE ATTACHED THE BOOK.

 

Chapter 5

  1. What is meant by a loading fee when we consider the price of an insurance policy? Why is the loading fee a higher proportion of the premium when people choose low deductibles?
    2. What are advantages and disadvantages of community rating of health insurance? Consider both equity and efficiency.

 

Chapter 6

  1. What does the elasticity of substitution illustrate?
    2. Explain the difference behind the U-shaped long run average cost curve.
    3.      Suppose the licensure requirements become more stringent so that fewer physicians will be able to practice medicine. What would happen to the supply curve for physician services? Explain.

 

Chapter 7

  1. What are the economic reason for the high ratio of specialist to general practitioner in the United States compared to other countries?
    2.      The American Medical Association (AMA) has often been through to behave like a trade union in restricting the supply of physicians in order to keep earnings high. What evidence is there that the AMA has acted this way?

 Chapter 8

  1. How would you characterize the effect of the United States health insurance system on healthcare technology changes from 1960 to 1990?

 

Chapter 9

 

  1. Suppose that the supply curve of healthcare series is perfectly inelastic (i.e vertical). Analyze the impact of an increase in consumer income on the market price and quality of services. Now, suppose that the demand for healthcare services is perfectly inelastic (i.e vertical), while the supply curve is upward sloping. Analyze the impact of an increase in input prices on the market price of healthcare services.

 

Questions

  1. Should health insurer’s and managed care companies profit be capped?

    2. Is it appropriate for providers to create demand for services in the marketplace?

International Trade

Assignment 1: LASA 2: International Trade

Visit the U.S. Government Web site, TradeStats Express: http://tse.export.gov/TSE/TSEReports.aspx?DATA=NTD

  1. Find National Trade Data.
  2. Determine the trade balance between the U.S. and China for the most recent five year period.
  3. Illustrate the trend over this period with a graph of the data.

Based on the data provided, create a report in Microsoft Word discussing the trade balance between China and the U.S. for the most recent five year period. In your discussion, include an analysis of the effect of such trade balance on the economies of China and the U.S., both individually and comparatively. Justify your discussion and analysis by using appropriate examples and references.  Include in your report an analysis of the impact on the U.S. economy of the situation where China holds such a large amount of the U.S. debt.

By Saturday, December 13, 2014, submit your responses to the M5: Assignment 1 Dropbox.

Assignment 1 Grading Criteria
Maximum Points
Accurately determined the trade balance between China and the U.S. for the most recent five year period. (40 points)
Illustrated the trend over this period with a graph of the data. Cited the source. (8 points)
48
Researched and analyzed the impact of foreign trade between the two countries and their economic growth during this period. (8 points)
Discussed the issues, concerns, and ramifications of the trade balance on China’s economy.(20 points)
Discussed the issues, concerns, and ramifications of the trade balance on the U.S. economy. (20 Points)
Compared the impact of trade balance between China and the U.S. for this period. (20 Points)
Used appropriate terminology (4 Points)
72
Provided adequate and appropriate examples and references to justify conclusions. Used a variety of credible texts, Web sites and other references.
48
Discussed the nature and possible future effects upon the U.S. economy. (30 Points)
Discussed the ability of the U.S. to sustain growth and development. (20 Points)
Justified these conclusions with appropriate data and other resources.(20 Points)
Used appropriate terminology. (2 Points)
72
Organization (16 points): Introduction, Transitions, and Conclusion
Usage and Mechanics (16 points): Grammar, Spelling, and Sentence structure
APA Elements (20 points): Attribution, Paraphrasing, and Quotations
Style (8 points): Audience and Word Choice
60
Total:
300

Macro economics on trade

Visit the U.S. Government Web site: http://www.export.gov/tradedata/index.asp

  1. Go to the Import/Export Data link.
  2. Find TradeStats Express.
  3. Find National Trade Data.
  4. Determine the trade balance between the U.S. and China for the most recent five year period.
  5. Illustrate the trend over this period with a graph of the data.

Based on the data provided, create a report in Microsoft Word discussing the trade balance between China and the U.S. for the most recent five year period. In your discussion, include an analysis of the effect of such trade balance on the economies of China and the U.S., both individually and comparatively. Justify your discussion and analysis by using appropriate examples and references.  Include in your report an analysis of the impact on the U.S. economy of the situation where China holds such a large amount of the U.S. debt.

Macroeconomics

Visit the U.S. Government Web site, TradeStats Express:http://tse.export.gov/TSE/TSEReports.aspx?DATA=NTD

  1. Find National Trade Data.
  2. Determine the trade balance between the U.S. and China for the most recent five year period.
  3. Illustrate the trend over this period with a graph of the data.

Based on the data provided, create a report in Microsoft Word discussing the trade balance between China and the U.S. for the most recent five year period. In your discussion, include an analysis of the effect of such trade balance on the economies of China and the U.S., both individually and comparatively. Justify your discussion and analysis by using appropriate examples and references.  Include in your report an analysis of the impact on the U.S. economy of the situation where China holds such a large amount of the U.S. debt.

Economics

Unit 8 Assignment                                                                                          

 

Student Name:

 

Please answer the following questions. Submit as a Microsoft Word® document to the Dropbox when completed.

 

  1. Determine whether each of the following would cause a shift of the aggregate demand curve, a shift of the aggregate supply curve, neither, or both. Which curve shifts, and in which direction? What happens to aggregate output and the price level in each case?

 

  1. The price level changes

 

  1. Which curve shifts?

 

 

  1. Which direction does it shift?

 

 

  • What happens to aggregate output?

 

 

  1. What happens to the price level?

 

 

  1. Consumer confidence declines

 

  1. Which curve shifts?

 

 

  1. Which direction does it shift?

 

 

  • What happens to aggregate output?

 

 

  1. What happens to the price level?

 

 

  1. The supply of resources increases

 

  1. Which curve shifts?

 

 

  1. Which direction does it shift?

 

 

  • What happens to aggregate output?

 

 

  1. What happens to the price level?

 

 

  1. The wage rate increases

 

  1. Which curve shifts?

 

 

  1. Which direction does it shift?

 

 

  • What happens to aggregate output?

 

 

  1. What happens to the price level?

 

 

 

  1. Determine whether the following statements are true or false.
  2. Some people who are officially unemployed are not in the labor force.

 

 

 

 

  1. Some people in the labor force are not working.

 

 

 

 

  • Everyone who is not unemployed is in the labor force.

 

 

 

 

  1. Some people who are not working are not unemployed.

 

 

  1. Refer to the following data on the U.S. consumer price index and answer the questions below.

            Year   CPI                 Year   CPI                 Year   CPI                 Year   CPI

1988   118.3              1993   144.5              1998   163.0              2003   184.0

1989   124.0              1994   148.2              1999   166.6              2004   188.9

1990   130.7              1995   152.4              2000   172.2              2005   195.3

1991   136.2              1996   156.9              2001   177.1              2006   201.8

1992   140.3              1997   160.5              2002   179.9

 

  1. Compute the inflation rate for each year 1989-2006.
  1. Which years were years of inflation? What do you expect to happen to real interest rates during this time period if nominal rates remain unchanged?
  1. In which years did deflation occur? What do you expect to happen to real interest rates during this time period if nominal rates remain unchanged?
  1. In which years did disinflation occur?
  1. What are some of the costs associated with anticipated inflation? Why do these differ from those associated with unanticipated inflation?

Directions for Submitting your Assignment

Compose your Assignment in a Microsoft Word ® document and save it as Username-MT445 Assignment-Unit#.doc (Example: TAllen- MT445 Assignment-Unit8.doc). Submit your file by selecting the Unit 8: Assignment Dropbox by the end of Unit 8.

Unit 8 Assignment
Content and Analysis Points Possible Points Earned
Problem #1

Determine whether each of the following would cause a shift of the aggregate demand curve, a shift of the aggregate supply curve, neither, or both. Which curve shifts, and in which direction? What happens to aggregate output and the price level in each case? (a-d)

16
Problem #2

Determine whether the following statements are true or false. (i. –iv.)

8
Problem #3

Refer to the following data on the U.S. consumer price index and answer the questions below. (a-d)

8
Problem #4

What are some of the costs associated with anticipated inflation? Why do these differ from those associated with unanticipated inflation?

7
Writing Style, Grammar, and APA Format. 6
Total 45

 

Economics

Words: 400 – 600

Additional Information: Because the decision about relocating manufacturing operations to the United States is so important, the board of directors at AutoEdge continues to systematically discuss every aspect of the situation.

The following week, CEO Lester Scholl meets you for coffee to discuss next week’s board meeting.

“I’m hearing good things about you,” he says. “Ingrid and George tell me you’ve been very responsive and helpful.”

“That’s good to hear,” you say. “I’ve enjoyed working with them.”

“We’re both busy, so I’ll get right to the point,” he says. “One of the main objectives of any business is to be efficient. Without efficiency, the company is essentially losing money. Am I right?”

“Absolutely,” you say.

“What must AutoEdge do,” he says, “to obtain economies of scale with production? How do we know that it has achieved economies of scale? Conversely, how do we know if it is achieving diseconomies of scale?”

“That’s a good question,” you say. “I can understand why you ask.”

But before you can respond, Lester’s cell phone rings. After a minute, he ends the call and stands.

“I have to get back to the office to handle an emergency,” he says. “Would you send me an e-mail with an answer to my questions, please?”

“No problem,” you say. “I’ll get it to you before I leave work this afternoon.”

“I appreciate it,” he says. “Thanks.”

Managerial Economics graduate studies

QUESTIONS FOR CRITICAL THINKING 5
Salvatore Chapter 10:

a.    Discussion Questions: 3 and 8.
3. What is the difference between limit pricing and contestable markets?

8. In what way does OPEC resemble a cartel? How successful is it?

b.    Problems: 1 and 14.
1. Find the Herfindahl index for an industry composed of (a) three firms- one with 70 percent of the market, and the other two with 20 and 10 percent of the market, respectively; (b) one firm with a 50 percent share of the market and 10 other equal-sized firms; (c) 10 equal-sized firms.

Note:
1.    P1: Use 70 instead of 70% in your Herfindahl index calculation (p.427).

14. Since under price leadership by the dominant firm, the firms in the industry following the leader behave as perfect competitors or price takers by always producing where the price set by the leader equals the sum of their marginal cost curves, the followers break even in the long run. True or false? Explain.
Froeb et al. Chapter 10:

a.    Individual problems: 10-4.

10-4. Examine the U.S. passenger airline industry using the Five Forces. Is this an attractive industry? Why or why not?

NOTE:
Michael Porter’s Five Force Model (the best industries are characterized by)
*high barriers to entry
*low buyer power
*low supplier power
*low threat from substitutes
*low levels of rivalry between existing firms

Salvatore Chapter 11:

a.    Discussion Questions: 11 and 12.
11. Do the duopolists in a Cournot equilibrium face a prisioners’ dilemma? Explain?

12. How did the 1971 law that banned cigarette advertising on television solve the prisoners’ dilemma for cigarette producers?
Note:
1.    DQ12: Explain first the prisoners’ dilemma for cigarette producers before 1971 law.  Use table 11-4, replace Low Price with Advertise, and High Price with Don’t Advertise. You would see this is similar to the prisoners’ dilemma.

b.    Problems: 2, 6, and 10.
2. From the following payoff matrix, where the payoffs are the profits or losses of the two firms, determine (a) whether firm A has a dominant strategy, (b) whether firm B has a dominant strategy, (c) the optimal strategy for each firm, and (d) the Nash equilibrium, if there is one.
Firm B
Firm A        Low Price    High Price
Low Price    (1,1)    (3,-1)
High Price    (-2,3)    (4, 2)

6. Explain why the payoff matrix in Problem 1 indicates that firms A and B face the prisioners’ dilemma.

Note: Problem 1 matrix
Firm B
Firm A        Low Price    High Price
Low Price    (1,1)    (3,-2)
High Price    (-2,3)    (2, 2)

10. Given the following payoff matrix, (a) indicate the best strategy for each firm. (b) Why is the entry-deterrent threat by firm A to lower the price not credible to firm B? (c) What could firm A do to make its threat credible without building excess capacity?

Note:
2.    P10(a): The strategies for firm A are low price and high price and the strategies for firm B are enter and don’t enter. What is the best (optimal) strategy for each firm?
3.    P10(b) is asking whether firm A would use the low price as a threat if firm B enters.

Froeb et al. Chapter 15:

a.    Individual problems: 15-4 and 15-5.
15-4.  Salary Negotiation
The following represents the potential outcomes of your first salary negotiation after graduation:  Assuming this is a sequential move game with the employer moving first, indicate the most likely outcome.  Does the ability to move first give the employer an advantage? If so, how? As the employee, is there anything you could do to realize a higher pay off?

15-5. Renegotiating Employment Contracts
Every year, management and labor renegotitate a new employment contract by sending their proposals to an arbitrator who chooses the best proposal (effectively giving one side or the other $1 million). Each side can choose to hire, or not hire, an expensive labor lawyer (at a cost of 200,000) who is effective at preparing the proposal in the best light. If neither hires lawyers or if both hire lawyers, each side can expect to win about half the time. If only one side hires a lawyer, it can expect to win three-quarters of the time. (a) Diagram this stimultaneous move game (b) What is the Nash Equilibrium of the game? (c) Would the sides want to ban lawyers?
Note:
1.    P15-5: Part of the payoff matrix looks like the following:

Management
No Lawyer    Lawyer
Labor    No Lawyer    $             , $500,000         $             ,  $
Lawyer          $             , $                         $300,000,  $

Retrospective Analysis of Personality

Retrospective Analysis of Personality

In this assignment, begin by taking a retrospective look at your life history, to discuss which aspects of your personality have remained consistent and which aspects of your personality have changed over time. Then, analyze the roles of nature and nurture in shaping your personality. Subsequently, discuss possible sources of inaccuracy and bias in any retrospective analysis. Finally, discuss the reasons why systematic scientific studies are considered more valuable than individual accounts.

Write a three to four (3-4) page paper in which you:

  1. Reflect on your life history and discuss which aspects of your personality have changed over time and which aspects have stayed consistent.
  2. Based on your retrospective analysis, describe the roles of nature and nurture in shaping your personality. Reflect on your justification for distinguishing between nature and nurture.
  3. Discuss the possible sources of bias and inaccuracy whenever a person looks back on their past history. Be sure to discuss factors related to memory and factors related to cognition.
  4. Describe why the science of psychology places more emphasis on results based on scientific studies than it does on personal experience and anecdotes.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; references must follow APA or school-specific format.  Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date.  The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required page length

Reduction of labor and material costs

Reduction of labor and material costs APA format

Part 1

Part of a business strategy that you are considering involves the reduction of labor and material costs. Your chief financial officer (CFO) suggested doing some of the manufacturing overseas. The concerns in moving some of your manufacturing offshore may be that you achieve lower costs of production but lose quality control (a trademark of your brand) and perhaps even reduce morale in your company by laying off those workers whose jobs will be performed overseas. These are serious issues. You asked your CFO to outline the benefits and disadvantages of doing so in regard to your relationship with your employees, balance sheet, quality, and service.

Explain 3 additional benefits and 3 additional disadvantages that would concern you and the economy, and answer the following questions in 500–750 words:

  • What would you conclude?
  • Is there something else you can do with those employees that you would be laying off?

Part 2

In your quest to understand how your employees would be affected by any of the decisions that you are going to make, you also realize that your labor costs may not be the real source of your balance sheet problems. After all, you are manufacturing in a region that attracts many immigrants, which because of an increase in the labor pool actually keeps your labor costs relatively low. This sparked the question about why Americans continue to be concerned about immigration policy and what the debate is about. You want to know more.

Explain the following in 500–750words:

  • What effect does immigration have on wages?
  • Does immigration help or hurt a country’s output?
  • What are the advantages of immigration?
  • What are the disadvantages of immigration?
  • What are some of the current political and economic issues regarding immigration?
  • What is the debate surrounding the Dream Act?

Externalities

Assignment 2: Externalities

Write a two to three (4) page paper in which you:

Identify and discuss three (3) externalities, which can either be positive or negative.

Conclude why an externality might exist in the situation that you described, and determine the solutions to mitigate these particular externalities.

Analyze the different stakeholders (i.e., government, three (3) affected parties) that are involved in the externality, and identify what their roles are with regard to the externality.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

Use economic analysis to describe the social costs and benefits of government and public policy choices.

Analyze the relationship between economic activity and the resources available in a society.

Use technology and information resources to research economic problems and issues.

Write clearly and concisely about economic problems and issues using proper writing mechanics.

Power To India

Power To India

India as an economic force? It sounds odd to consider this fact based upon the India of 20 years ago, when people were fleeing to escape India’s economic woes. However, today India as a modern economic power is a reality. One sign of this is that many jobs in the West, especially in the high tech fields, are being outsourced to India. After completing your assigned reading for the module, prepare a FULL 1-2 page paper that discusses the impact of India’s economy on the United States and other current world economic powers.

 

APA STYLE

Macroeconomics Online Course

Macroeconomics Online Course

Hello,

I need someone to complete my macroeconomics course that is all online. Due dates are 2 chapters per week for a condensed 8 week course.

Small number of assignments (7-10 per chapter) and usually an easy quiz at the end of the week.

Exams are not too extreme and all online as well.

I would like to pay for the whole class at once, not per week. If we could discuss this it would be nice. The Professor says the class is a very low workload for a condensed course and most students should be able to complete the chapter homework with an hour or less of time.

Fiscal Policies

ECONOMICS RESEARCH

Fiscal Policies

Research a decade between 1900’s and 1990’s. Prepare a 5-page research findings on 2 fiscal policies used by the government during that time to stabilize the economy, state the social economic behavior of that decade.

 

Deadline Monday June 22.

Need an outline by Tuesday June 16.

Monopoly Analysis

Monopoly analysis

You have been hired by a monopoly to analyze the following production data and prepare a proposal suggesting how to maximize profits.

 Monopoly Firm
Price MR TR Q TC MC ATC AVC
6.4 3.1 1000 6400 3 3.24

The data provided by the company is incomplete. You are to complete columns TR and ATC in the chart and make a short-run recommendation, using one of the recommendation actions from the list below. Remember that your goal is to maximize profits. Prepare a one page paper that includes your solutions to the table, your recommendation action, and justification supporting your recommendation.

Recommendation actions:

  1. Remain at current output level.
  2. Increase output
  3. Decrease output
  4. Shut down
  5. Uncertain-the figures provided cannot possibly be correct.

Economics

Answer Five of the following questions

Responses are to be no longer than 3 pages in length per question (total of 15 pages maximum)

Use support references for each question

Answers should be written using APA style

 

  1. Why are many governments in today’s world liberalizing cross-border movements of goods, services, and resources?
  2. What are the approaches international managers seek to understand when instituting change in the international arena?
  3. What is the culture shock and how does it affect the international business?
  4. What are the differences between common law, civil law, customary law, and theocratic law?
  5. What is the political risk and how does it affect the international business?
  6. Many economies are in the process of transition. What are the key means that drive the transition from a command economy to a market economy
  7. What is the effect of inflation on the international business?
  8. Why do countries with high GNI and GDP are attractive for foreign investment?
  9. Why does the argument that “anything that is legal is ethical” is insufficient?
  10. Which stakeholders must companies satisfy? Why is this process more difficult for companies operating abroad?

Intermediate Macroeconomics

CECN 301 Intermediate Macroeconomics I DeLong J. B., Olney M., Mansoorian A. and Michelis L., “Macroeconomics”, 2nd Canadian Edition, McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 2007

CECN301 Assignment, Spring 2015 – Answer any 4 questions (each question is worth 5 points)

Ch.2. Consider the following hypothetical prices of foreign currencies vis-à-vis the Canadian dollar:

Currency$1995 price$2001 price

Euro$1.37$1.67

U.S. dollar$1.54$1.67

Japanese Yen$161.54$170.83

Australian dollar$1.2$1.15

Suppose Canada trades only with these four countries, and the volume of trade is equally spread across the countries.  Calculate the overall nominal exchange-rate index for 2001 that corresponds with these figures, using 1995 as a base year

Ch. 6. Assume that a reduction in G led to the federal government budget surplus. How will this affect: the interest rate, exchange rate, imports and exports? 

Ch. 8. Consider a modification of the planned expenditures model in which government transfer payments are included in the model.  Suppose these payments are determined independently of income: they are exogenous and fixed.  These represent payments by the government that augment the disposable income of individuals; the relevant expression for disposable income thus becomes

                                 YD = TR + (1 – t)  Y.

Incorporate this modified definition of YD into the consumption function, and use the resulting consumption function to derive the planned expenditures function (E as a function of Y) in this case.

Ch. 9. Suppose the Canadian government undertakes a large infrastructure development project that they decide to finance by borrowing (issuing bonds).  Suppose this causes a large increase in real long-term interest rates in Canada.  Use the IS model to characterize the economic implications of this undertaking in the U.S., holding U.S. interest rates and all other exogenous variables fixed.  

Ch. 9. Compare the impact of a tax cut under two versions of the IS-LM model: the version under which the central bank maintains an interest-rate target, and the version under which the central bank maintains a monetary target.  What accounts for the differing impacts on Y? Use the IS-LM graph to show your results.

Ch. 9. In the context of the IS-LM model, suppose the government’s budget is initially balanced, and exports exactly equal imports.  Characterize the impact on the trade balance of a surge in government expenditures G that results in a government budget deficit.

Foreign exchange

International business- foreign exchange

The foreign exchange system contains the prices of currencies of other countries. These prices fluctuate based on demand and supply. Individuals buy and sell currency as they would any other commodity. Instead of a product like in other markets of world, the product here is currency, thus the feel of an exchange when it is actually a purchase.

With this in mind, create a 2-3 page, APA style response to the following:

  1. Compare and contrast the Foreign Exchange Market and an international market of your choice.
  2. Determine an advantage and disadvantage for each.

Loss Prevention and Risk Management

Loss Prevention and Risk Management

Present the following scenario:

As a new security manager for a retail operation, you have been asked to create a new loss prevention and risk management program that will be presented to upper management.

Create a 10- to 12-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation that includes the following considerations:

· Define the principles of risk management that apply to the industry.

· Define steps for a loss-prevention program.

Include detailed speaker notes in the Microsoft ® PowerPoint® presentation.

Format your presentation consistent with APA guidelines.

Economics

Your niece just started her college career with a major in economics. She is curious as to the interrelationship between the success of an economy and the financial markets, concepts, and financial institutions. Accordingly, she has developed a list of questions addressing these issues and has asked that you explain the ideas.

  1. What are the financial markets and what purposes do they serve?
  2. What are financial intermediaries? How do these intermediaries function in the economy?
  3. What is a federal government budget deficit? What is the national debt? How does a budget deficit affect the economy?

She is also curious about the time value of money concepts. Specifically, she has the following questions about these concepts:

  1. Why are consumers considered to be risk averse? What methods could used to deal with risk?
  2. It has been said that a dollar received today is worth more than a dollar received tomorrow. What does this mean and what is the significance to the economy?
  3. What is the difference between the present value of a future sum of money and the future value of a present sum of money? What is the significance of these concepts to economics?
  4. If you deposited $1,000 in an account paying 6% interest compounded annually, how long would it take to double?

Econometrics

Ordinary Least Squares (15 points)

Which of the following can cause the usual OLS t-statistics to be invalid?

 

  1. Heteroskedasticity

 

  1. Including an irrelevant explanatory variable (one whose true regression coefficient is zero).

 

  • Omitting an important explanatory variable (one whose true regression coefficient is nonzero).

Hypothesis Testing in a Simple Linear Regression Context (20 points)

A researcher with a sample of 62 individuals with similar education but different amounts of training hypothesizes that hourly earnings, EARNINGS, may be related to hours of training, TRAINING, according to the relationship

She is prepared to test the hypothesis against the alternative at both the five-percent and one-percent levels of significance. What should she report

  1. if
  2. if
  • if
  • Heteroskedasticity (15 points)

Consider the following model for real estate values applied to a cross-section of homes:

where PRICE is sales price in thousands of dollars, SQFT is living area in square feet, YARD is yard size in square feet, and POOL is a dummy variable indicating whether the house has a swimming pool.

You suspect that the random error term is heteroskedastic, and that the variance of is proportional to SQFT: . Describe step-by-step how you should use the weighted least squares procedure to take care of the heteroscedasticity problem. Be sure to describe precisely how the original model is transformed and explain why the procedure works (given your assumption about the functional form of ).

Serial Correlation (20 points)

 

Consider the double-log model of farm output

where Q is output, K is capital, L is labor, A is acreage planted, F is the amount of fertilizers used, and S is the amount of seed planted. Using annual data for the years 1949 through 1988, the model was estimated by ordinary least squares. You are concerned about the possibility of serial correlation, and you decide to perform an LM (Lagrange Multiplier) test for first and second order autocorrelation.

 

  1. The auxiliary regression was estimated (in which the residuals from the original OLS estimation of the model are regressed against a constant, all of the explanatory variables from the original model, and the lagged residuals from the two previous time periods), and the unadjusted was 0.687. Compute the LM test statistic and state its distribution (including the degrees of freedom) under the null hypothesis.
  1. Write down the critical value of the test statistic at the five percent level of significance and carry out the test. What do you conclude about serial correlation?

 

Economics

Type of service: Writing from scratch
Work type: Essay (any type)
Deadline: 8 June
Academic level: High school
Subject or discipline: Economics
Number of sources: 1
Provide digital sources used: No
Paper format: MLA
# of pages: 1
Spacing: Double spaced
# of words: 275
# of slides: ppt icon 0
Paper details:
Firms in monopolistic competition it is very important to differentiate yourself from your competition. You would like your firm to be able to have a product/service that is going to sway the consumer to buy your product/service over the competition. Most of the time a firm changes something in a service or change up a recipe to differentiate their product from the competition. One of the main focuses of monopolistic is that product differentiation, which results from differences in product quality, location, service, and advertising. One barrier that might be for entry would have to be getting switching over existing customer over. Theses are a couple of examples that I found that match with monopolistic competition and product differentiated.
“There are a large number of dry cleaners, and each produces a product differentiated by location: customers are likely to prefer to use the dry cleaner closest to their home or workplace. Finally, there are no significant barriers to entry. This is a monopolistically competitive market. “
“There are a large number of soybean farmers, and there is free entry and exit in this industry. However, soybeans are not differentiated from each other—they are a standardized product. No individual soybean farmer has market power. This industry is therefore a perfectly competitive industry.”
“Anti-competitive Market Intervention and Regulation.” State-Initiated Restraints of Competition (2015): 211-12. Web

Japan Economic Report

Type of service: Writing from scratch
Work type: Research proposal
Deadline: 13 Jun, 
Academic level: Undergraduate
Subject or discipline: Economics
Title: Japan Economic Report
Number of sources: 4
Provide digital sources used: No
Paper format: MLA
# of pages:22

The manuscript should include: an Executive Summary, an introduction, content, a conclusion, a reference section, and appendix if needed.

Executive Summary: The Manuscripts must contain an Executive Summary briefly summarizing the essential contents. This should not exceed 500 words.

  1. Important formulae (displayed), figures and tables should be numbered consecutively throughout the manuscript.

Tables and Figures:

  1. Use font size 11.
  2. The charts and graphs must be centered and title should be at the top.
  3. Number all tables and figures with Arabic numerals in the order in which the tables are

first mentioned in text.

  1. The illustrations and photographs must be centered.

Footnotes:

All other footnotes (except for table footnotes) should be identified with superscript Arabic

numbers. Short footnotes may be included at the foot of a manuscript page. Longer notes should

be numbered and grouped together in a “Notes” section at the end of the text.

End Notes:

  1. End notes should be kept to a minimum.

References:

All publications cited in the text should be present in a list of references following the text of the

manuscript. Use Harvard Style in citing your sources in the text and in the reference list. You

can refer to Sussex University Web Page or Angelia Ruskin University Web

Managerial Economics Course

This paper for a Master’s Level Managerial Economics course.
Things to paper must have:

  • Must be in APA format 
  • Must be 10 pages long
  • Must include 10 crediable sources (half of the sources must be research articles published in academic or practitioner journal;NOT Wikipedia, Investopedia, Wisegeek, Ask questions, etc.)
  • I have already picked my company and did the outline for the paper. The company is L’oreal.
  • (IF YOU WANT TO CHANGE ANYTHING IN THE OUTLINE, THAT IS FINE, JUST LET ME KNOW AHEAD OF TIME). Since I am posting this 3 weeks in advance, we’ll be able to communicate about making any changes. 

I will be attaching my outline for your reference.

Topic Ouline

Identify a topic for research paper and submit an outline to the instructor.  The paper should address a strategic business decision using relevant economic factors.  The paper should be 10 pages long, with materials derived from 10-12 credible sources other than the textbook.  At least, half of the sources must be research articles published in academic or practitioner journals.

Here is just a reference guide for the paper (suggestions):

Your Final Paper MAY include the following sections along with an introduction and a conclusion:

  • Describe the company and provide a brief history of its operations. Find or use graphs to illustrate its financial performance over the years.
  • Identify any sources of risk or uncertainty in its operations. Do the financial reports indicate risky or uncertain activities or changes to the economic environment that ultimately appear to have affected the company’s financial outcomes? Be specific.
  • Are there any government regulations that have affected this company’s operations domestically or abroad? Explain.
  • Describe the inputs that are used in this company’s production function and identify any challenges to securing these inputs.
  • Determine if the company has introduced new products in existing markets or created new markets over time. What is the impact on its finances?
  • Determine if the price of its products increased or declined over time and analyze the reasons for price fluctuations. Study the demand elasticity for its products and discuss the availability of close substitutes for its products. How does that affect pricing decisions?
  • Analyze the company’s profitability. Identify the economy or industry influences on its costs, operations, and profitability.
  • Describe the competitive environment in which the firm operates, the distribution of market power, and the strategic behavior of the firm and its competitors. Apply your knowledge of the theory of this company’s market structure. How does the company make pricing and production decisions?  Is your observation supported by the theoretical models? Refer to the financial reports for illustration.
  • Identify any non-price competitive strategies that the company might be engaging in? Provide specific examples.
  • Evaluate if the company made any mistakes in its decisions over time, and recommend any changes or improvements for the future operations. Refer to the financial reports when making specific observations or recommendations.
  • Use economic language and demonstrate your understanding of the concepts and theories of this course.

Your final paper should have a separate cover page and a reference page (at least three outside academpic references, NOT Wikipedia, Investopedia, Wisegeek, Ask questions, etc.), and an introduction and a conclusion. A conclusion should be different from an introduction and can be derived from your discussion in the main body.

 

Thanks!

Economics

Problem 1

Assume that the price of smartphones increased from $420 to $444 per unit. The manufacturer decides to supply 15,000 units instead of 12,000.

  1. Calculate the price elasticity of supply.
  2. Is supply elastic or inelastic?
  3. Describe at least one factor that determines Price elasticity of supply (note, this is different than PE of Demand).

Hint: To answer this question we need to use the midpoint formula. Assume we have the two ordered pairs (Q1,P1) and (Q2,P2).

Problem 2

Compare and contrast a public good versus a private good. What are the principal characteristics of each? What are the two key characteristics of public goods? Is there a free rider problem when it comes to public goods? Why? Do you consider your local police force a public good or a private good? How come? How about your local TV service? Please explain your answer.

Problem 3

Use the following to answer the questions below:

z is the marginal utility per dollar, x is the amount spent on product A, and y is the amount spent on product B.

Assume MUA = z = 10 – x and MUB = z = 21 – 2y.

Assume that the consumer has $10 to spend on A and B; that is, x + y = 10.

(a) What is best way to allocate the expenditure of the $10?

(b) What is the marginal utility per dollar in the optimal allocation?

 

Global Economics

Global Economics Homework

Hi, I need these three problems completed by 11:59pm Saturday 6/6. I have attached a word doc with the three problems and the requirements are as listed :

Form, format, presentation, and appearance are almost as important as correct numbers. Poor presentation, in both written work (Word) and spreadsheets (Excel) is an indication of careless thinking and analysis. You cannot earn full credit, even if the solutions are correct, if your work is not presented in a professional manner.

All submitted written work should include your name, the course number, and the title of the problem set. In addition, remember that all conclusions must be supported. You should show the steps you took to arrive at your conclusion. Numbers and calculations are not self-explanatory. Your assignment should be “in good and proper form” when submitted. That means, for example, when you prepare economic information, your numbers must be aligned on the decimal and right justified. Use commas for thousands. Use underlines and dollar signs appropriately. Every answer must be properly labeled and supported with calculations in statement or schedule (table) form, as you would do in a professional setting. Do not type formulas, equations, and calculations or show math or equal signs. When finished, submit your completed problems in one file (Word or Excel) for grading and instructor feedback.

Word file: The cover page must include your name, course, date, unit and assignment numbers, and problem number. Each problem must begin on a new page with a hard page-break. If you use Word to prepare calculations, prepare them in table form as if it were in Excel. Do not write anything past the margins.

Excel file: The first tab is the cover page and must include your name, course, date, and the unit and assignment number. Each problem must be numb on a separate tab. Each tab must be properly labeled. Note that Excel is not actually required, but if you use Excel, you must use it correctly: one number in one cell, and each number (cell) properly labeled. Do not type formulas; instead, you must use Excel functions to calculate. Do not write anything past the margins. Use landscape page orientation if necessary.

Attachments:

Long term Investment Decisions

Assignment : Long-Term Investment Decisions

Assume that the low-calorie frozen, microwavable food company from Assignments 1 and 2 wants to expand and has to make some long-term capital budgeting decisions. The company is currently facing increases in the costs of major ingredients.

Use the Internet and Strayer databases to research government policies and regulation.

Write a six to eight (6-8) page paper in which you:

  1. Outline a plan that managers in the low-calorie, frozen microwaveable food company could follow in anticipation of raising prices when selecting pricing strategies for making their products response to a change in price less elastic. Provide a rationale for your response.
  2. Examine the major effects that government policies have on production and employment. Predict the potential effects that government policies could have on your company.
  3. Determine whether or not government regulation to ensure fairness in the low-calorie, frozen microwavable food industry is needed. Cite the major reasons for government involvement in a market economy. Provide two (2) examples of government involvement in a similar market economy to support your response.
  4. Examine the major complexities that would arise under expansion via capital projects. Propose key actions that the company could take in order to prevent or address these complexities.
  5. Suggest the substantive manner in which the company could create a convergence between the interests of stockholders and managers. Indicate the most likely impact to profitability of such a convergence. Provide two (2) examples of instances that support your response.
  6. Use at least five (5) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia does not qualify as an academic resource.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Propose how differences in demand and elasticity lead managers to develop various pricing strategies.
  • Analyze the economic impact of contracting, governance and organizational form within organizations.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in managerial economics and globalization.
  • Write clearly and concisely about managerial economics and globalization using proper writing mechanics.

Managerial Economics Term Paper

Term Paper:

A final paper that focuses on the course content applied in the setting of your current or past employer will be due in Module 7. In this paper you will focus on the following:

ï‚· Provide a description of the company that you work for. As part of your description include a discussion of the type of organizational structure.

ï‚· Describe an agency problem within the firm and discuss what you think is causing the problem and how the problem might be better controlled.

ï‚· Describe the job dimensions of the firm and discuss whether or not you believe the current design is appropriate for the firm. Discuss any suggestions you might have for improving the job design; for example grouped by function or by product or geography or a matrix organization? Provide a diagram if helpful to illustrate. Is this organization effective?

ï‚· Describe the compensation package for executives and employees within the firm. Discuss whether or not you believe that the compensation package is effective and any suggestions that you might have for improving the compensation package.

While these questions focus on the latter half of the course, you should remain mindful of the economic concepts that were developed in the beginning of the course. An “A” paper will demonstrate a thorough understanding of the relevant topics, completely discuss each of the four points of the paper, use terminology appropriate to the topic, and use word choice, spelling, and sentence structure appropriate for graduate-level work. This paper is worth 22% of your final grade.

Specific Formatting Instructions:

ï‚· All assignments must be completed as Word documents. If you do not have Word you can use Microsoft WordPad and use the rich text format (.rtf extension).

ï‚· All assignments must be prepared in the APA format, including references.

ï‚· Cover page. Use a single cover page that contains the title of the assignment and your name.

ï‚· Margins. All page margins should be the default margins for your word processing program. Use only the LEFT margin justification setting.

ï‚· Page numbering. Please use page numbering for all pages except the cover page.

ï‚· Spacing/Font. All papers should be single spaced only (this includes spacing between paragraphs) and a 12 point font.

ï‚· Direct quotes/ paraphrasing. Direct quotes and paraphrasing MUST be referenced and cited using APA guidelines. Although there is no limit on how many citations are in the paper, there is a limit of 15% for quotations and 25% for unoriginal wording for this course. When more than one quarter of a paper seems to be unoriginal, it usually indicates a problem. Even if sources are properly cited and some of the words are changed, it raises the question of how much original thinking went into the paper. There is a big difference between starting with a blank page and writing your own thoughts, and building the paper around quotes, paraphrased sources, and the altered wording of another author. You are encouraged to use textbook concepts as you attempt

to explain in your own words the answers to the assignments rather than relying heavily on quoted material. Try to think about how you would explain your answer to someone who has not taken a managerial economics class. High scores on the originality report in Turnitin.com are not just a result of plagiarism; they can also result from an incorrect quotation/citation methodology or from using words that have been rearranged from your sources. If you use someone else’s work you must cite and reference it appropriately.

ï‚· References. You must include a separate References page in APA format with each paper. Any source that is used to develop your paper must be included in this section.

 

The book  for this course is Managerial Economics and Organizational Architecture.  Fifth Edition  Brickley Smith Zimmerman

Supply and Demand Simulation

Complete the Supply and Demand Simulation attachment.

Write a 700 -word paper summarizing the content of the simulation, and address the following:

Identify two microeconomics and two macroeconomics principles or concepts from the simulation.

Explain why you have categorized these selected principles or concepts as microeconomics or macroeconomics.

Identify at least one shift of the supply curve and one shift of the demand curve in the simulation.

Explain what causes the shifts, and how each shift affects the equilibrium price, quantity, and decision making.

Include responses to the following:

  • How may you apply what you learned about supply and demand from the simulation to your workplace or your understanding of a real-world product with which you are familiar?
  • How do the concepts of microeconomics help you understand the factors that affect shifts in supply and demand on equilibrium price and quantity?
  • How do the concepts of macroeconomics help you understand the factors that affect shifts in supply and demand on the equilibrium price and quantity?
  • How does the price elasticity of demand affect a consumer’s purchasing and the firm’s pricing strategy, as it relates to the simulation?

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Fixed and Variable Costs

Write 150 word response for each.

Fixed and Variable Costs

What is the difference between fixed costs and variable costs?  Provide some examples of each.

 

Marginal Costs

What are marginal costs?  Why are marginal costs important to a firm?

Economics

Assume these data points about a hypothetical state of the economy
Assume these data points about a hypothetical state of the economy:
1) inflation in the last quarter was at an annual rate of 1.5%, down from rates of 3-4% in previous reporting periods.
2) Unemployment, which had been at 5.1% in the last two quarters, increased this quarter to 5.9%,
3) The federal funds rate remained at 4.5%, unchanged in the last three meetings of the FOMC,
4) the business press reported that many commercial banks say they are “fully loaned up” now.
5) Wholesale prices were flat in the last quarter and inventory levels rose slightly.
6) Consumer confidence in the latest survey was unchanged from the previous quarter but down from six months ago.
Given these data points what macroeconomics policy tools, monetary or fiscal, would you apply? Why would they work, or not? What historical precedents are there for using the tools you recommend? Would you change your recommendations if most of the nations of Europe were in recessions? Prepare your paper in 8-12 pages, double spaced and in 12′ font, Times New Roman.
 

Economics

Suppose that there are two products: clothing and soda. Both Brazil and the United States produce each product. Brazil produces 100,000 units of clothing per year and 50,000 cans of soda. The United States produces 65,000 units of clothing per year and 250,000 cans of soda. Assume that costs remain constant.

  • What would be the production possibility frontiers for Brazil and the United States?
    • Without trade, the United States produces 45,000 units of clothing and 150,000 cans of soda.
    • Without trade, Brazil produces 75,000 units of clothing and 30,000 cans of soda.
    • Denote these points on each other s production possibility frontier.
  • What is the marginal transformation rate for each country?
    • Should the two countries specialize and trade?
    • If so, who has the comparative advantage in what product?
    • Once they specialize, how much does output increase?
  • What are the terms of trade if the United States trades 1 can of soda for 5 units of clothing?
    • Are the consumers in each country better off?
  • What is the labor-intensive good?
  • What is the labor-abundant country?
  • What is the capital-abundant country?
  • Could trade help reduce poverty in Brazil and other developing countries?
  • How do product and factor prices and wages eventually equalize between the two countries?

ECO 204 Market Structures

ECO 204  Market Structures

You have been hired as a consultant by your local mayor to look at the various market structures. Your role is to provide analysis and answers to these important questions that will help the mayor understand the structures of many of the businesses in his city:

  1. Describe each market structure discussed in the course (perfect competition, monopolistic competition, oligopoly, and monopoly) and discuss two of the market characteristics of each market structure.
  2. Identify one real-life example of a market structure in your local city and relate your example to each of the characteristics of the market.
  3. Describe how high entry barriers into a market will influence long-run profitability of the firms.
  4. Explain the competitive pressures that are present in markets with high barriers to entry.
  5. Explain the price elasticity of demand in each market structure and its effect on pricing of its products in each market.
  6. Describe how the role of the government affects each market structure’s ability to price its products.
  7. Discuss the effect of international trade on each market structure.

Your paper will need to include a title page, a reference page, and in-text citations properly formatted according to the APA style guide. Also, your content should be eight to ten pages, which does not include your reference or title page. You will need to include at least five scholarly sources from the Ashford Library in your paper as part of your research to support your analysis.
The Paper:

  1. Must be eight to ten double-spaced pages in length and formatted in APA style.
  2. Must include an introductory paragraph with a succinct thesis statement.
  3. Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
  4. Must conclude with a restatement of the thesis and a conclusion paragraph.
  5. Must use at least five scholarly resources from the Ashford University Library.
  6. Must use APA style as outlined in the approved APA style guide to document all sources.
  7. Must include, on the final page, a Reference Page that is completed according to APA style as outlined in the approved APA style guide.

The Federal Reserve

The Federal Reserve offers to the general public numerous publications available at the Website of the
Federal Reserve Board at http://www.federalreserve.gov/publications/.
The Federal Reserve Board testimonies, press releases, monetary policy reports, the Beige Book, and a
variety of other publications offer a detailed assessment of current economic activity, financial markets,
and the monetary policy tools used to promote economic activity and preserve price stability.
Write an eight to ten (8-10) page paper in which you:
1. Evaluate the role and the effectiveness of the Federal Reserve in stabilizing the current economy.
2. Determine which economic indicators the Federal Reserve should analyze so it can better
stabilize this particular economy.
3. Describe which monetary policies the Federal Reserve might use to influence the money supply.
4. Explain the strengths and weaknesses of using monetary policy in comparison to fiscal policy
when promoting economic activity and preserving price stability.
5. Analyze the effect of the Federal Reserve’s action you identified in #3 on the aggregate demand /
supply model.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
• Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all
sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your
professor for any additional instructions.
• Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s
name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in
the required assignment page length.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
• Analyze the basic operation of banks, the structure of the banking industry, and the major
regulatory processes controlling banks.
• Evaluate monetary policy and its impact on economic growth and business cycle.
• Analyze the various theoretical approaches and models and assess their use in shaping
monetary policy.
• Use technology and information resources to research issues in money and banking.
• Write clearly and concisely about money and banking using proper writing mechanics.

Microeconomics Homework

Aloha Airlines provided air services between the Hawaiian Islands and controlled the largest share of this market for much of its existence.  However on March 30, 2008, the airline announced that it would suspend all flights and cease operation the next day.  The company cited high fuel prices as one of the primary reasons for their closure.
Assuming the company had previously been earning monopoly profits (as illustrated in the graph below), explain and illustrate why an increase in the price of jet fuel led to the closing of Aloha Airlines.

 

Principles of Macroeconomics

ECON210-1502B-01 Principles of Macroeconomics
Task Name:  Phase 1 Individual Project
Deliverable Length:         500–700 words + graphs
Details:
Weekly tasks or assignments (Individual or Group Projects) will be due by Monday and late submissions will be assigned a late penalty in accordance with the late penalty policy found in the syllabus. NOTE: All submission posting times are based on midnight Central Time.
In economics, they say a picture is worth a thousand words. Below, you will find two scenarios. Your assignment is to discuss the situation by writing the solutions, and then show the solutions and how you got here in one or more graphs or flowcharts.
Scenario One
Supply and demand are foundational concepts in understanding economic theory. Whether you are a coffee drinker or not, you have been tasked to examine the impact of supply and demand when dealing with the coffee retail industry. A few companies probably come to mind. Pick a major coffee retailer, and then contemplate what has been happening to both the supply and demand for this product.
Next, analyze the following scenario that deals with what happened in the coffee industry at the beginning of the last decade:
In the early part of the last decade, there was an overproduction of coffee. The price dropped so low that producers’ costs were higher than the market price. The reason this happened was that market prices became high before this, and the supply of coffee increased substantially. In the meantime, demand for coffee and everything else remained the same.
Coffee prices, as a supply input, went down. In the meantime, gourmet coffee houses began appearing, which began charging a premium for coffee in the period of decreasing prices. Gourmet coffee houses tend to open in high-rent areas and cater to higher income consumers. Because of the change they created for taste and preferences and the higher income market, the gourmet coffee houses had a win-win in a period of falling wholesale prices and increasing retail prices.

  • Explain the changes in the supply and demand creating a supply and demand curve based on the above information. In this graph, be sure to demonstrate how these changes affected the price and quantity levels of supply and demand.
  • Based on this analysis, how were coffee retailers faring in the marketplace?

Scenario Two
In this next scenario, start your discussion by examining the differences between the definitions of the macroeconomics and microeconomics. Next, discuss how the concepts of supply and demand relate to (1) microeconomics and (2) macroeconomics.
For you to demonstrate understanding of supply and demand from the perspective of microeconomics versus macroeconomics, pick 2 of the 10 scenarios below and discuss the following questions:

  • Is the scenario a macroeconomic or microeconomic example of supply and demand?
  • Is this impacting supply or demand?
  • Is this example going to experience a shift or a movement of supply or demand?
  • As a result of this change, what happened to equilibrium price and quantity?

The 10 examples for you to consider are as follows:

  1. After Hurricane Katrina, what happened to the price of fish?
  2. After the development of the microchip, what happened to the price of computers?
  3. After the government raised tariffs on imported cheese, what happened to the price of domestic cheese?
  4. Polyester suits have become trendy again. What happens to their price?
  5. Internet auction sites are becoming more popular, and people are using them more and more.
  6. A new health report came out that said red wine lowers cholesterol.
  7. The government raises taxes.
  8. Inflation increases.
  9. Immigration laws are relaxed.
  10. The government increases spending.

Economics

Assignment: Externalities

Write a two to three (2-3) page paper in which you:

  1. Identify and discuss three (3) externalities, which can either be positive or negative.
  1. Conclude why an externality might exist in the situation that you described, and determine the solutions to mitigate these particular externalities.
  1. Analyze the different stakeholders (i.e., government, three (3) affected parties) that are involved in the externality, and identify what their roles are with regard to the externality.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

Economic Policy Recommendation

Select an economic problem mentioned in the textbook as the topic for a policy recommendation.
Write a six to eight (6-8) page paper modeled as a policy recommendation in which you:

  1. Briefly describe the economic problem you have selected.
  2. Assess the impact the problem poses to society.
  3. Design an economic policy solution to the problem.
  4. Analyze the economic theory used to complete the policy solution and determine the impact on the appropriate stakeholders.
  5. Analyze how the economic policy proposed would impact the market or solve the economic problem.
  6. Use at least five (5) quality academic resources. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required page length.

Examples of good sources include:
Barron’s
U.S. News and World Report
New York Times
Sun-Sentinel
Palm Beach Post
Washington Post (D.C.)
Forbes
Wall Street Journal
Time
Washington Times Herald (D.C.)
The Economist
 
**Remember, all news sites must be fact checked to prevent the news site from a potential lawsuit. For this reason, sites like those shown below are not acceptable news sites:
 
Blogs/opinions of any kind (these are opinions pieces and while everyone is entitled to his/her opinion, an opinion may or may not be based on facts – it is more likely base on emotion)
Any news article that is older than the start of our class
If you’re asked to do a news article review, it is not acceptable to use a journal article as the basis for your report
Tutor.com
Wikis of any kind
Any site with pedia in its url
E-how
Ask.com
Journal articles
The textbook
Any title followed by “for Dummies”
Op-eds
Wisegeek
About.com
Any government site
Tutor.com

Economics

Words 1100- 1300
Lester Scholl’s administrative assistant calls you on Monday afternoon to set up a conference call between you and the chairman tomorrow morning to discuss the board’s reaction to your list and to discuss your next task. You call the number she gave you, and Lester joins the call shortly after.
“I’m pleased with your work,” he says. The board was impressed with your list of factors. Your ranking made sense because your explanations were well-written. I suspect they read everything you sent because it was concise and clear. Good job.”
“Thanks,” you say, and you feel relieved that your first assignment was well-received.
“Your list provided the basis for a good conversation about the manufacturing operations,” he says. “We want to know more about the economy of both countries to further inform our decision-making process.”
“That makes sense,” you say. “The United States and South Korea hold many distinct economic factors that may affect AutoEdge’s long-term financial performance.”
“Right,” he says. “Your research on the two economies will give the board enough information so we can advise the new, incoming CEO.”
“What should my research include?” you ask.
“In your research, you must take into consideration several macroeconomic factors,” he says. “We want to see information about the gross domestic product (GDP), unemployment, interest rates, and inflation for both the United States and South Korea. Make sure your research is current; that is, no more than 6 months old.”
“I’ll get started right away,” you say.
“Very good,” he says. “Let me know if you have any questions, and I’ll put you in touch with some of the other members of the board if I can’t provide the answers you need.”
“Great,” you say. “Thank you.”

Engineering Economy

You have decided to buy a small apartment building for $110,000 near a local college.  You used $11,000 as a down payment and obtained a mortgage from a local bank for the remaining $99,000.  The annual mortgage payment to the bank is $11,500.  You expect that the annual maintenance on the building and grounds will be $6,500.  There are four apartments (two bedrooms each) in the building that can be rented.  Assuming 100% occupancy all year, how much rent per month must you charge in order to break even, such that your revenue equals your expenses each month.  (Enter your answer as a number without the dollar sign.).
Question Two
You need to get gasoline for your car.  You can drive ten miles (round trip) to a gas station on the outskirts of town and save 10 cents per gallon on the price of gasoline.  If gasoline costs $3 per gallon and your car gets 25 miles per gallon for in-town driving, how many gallons of gasoline must you buy at the edge-of-town station to save enough on your fill up to pay for the cost to going to the station and back?  Ignore the wear-and-tear cost of operating your car in this example.  (Enter your answer as a number without the units of gallons.)
Answer: 12 gallons
Question Three
A company produces a walkie-talkie communications device for use in industrial settings.  The fixed cost (CF) is $60,000 per month, and the variable cost (CV) is 85 per unit.  The selling price per unit is  P = $165 – 0.016(D), in which D is the demand or number of units sold.  Determine the optimal volume for this product; that is, the value of demand D at which profit is maximized.  (Enter your answer as a number without any units.)
Question Four
An engineering testing laboratory measures its output in a standard service hour unit, which is a function of the level of testing to be performed.  The variable cost (CV) is $112 per standard test service hour.  The charge-out rate (i.e., selling price, p) is $135.9 per hour.  The maximum output of the testing lab is 260,000 hours per year, and its fixed cost (CF) is $3,845,000 per year.  For this firm, what is the breakeven point in standard test hours?  (Enter your answer as a number without the units of hours.)
Question Five
A metal part for which annual demand is 140,000 units is made on a CNC machine at a rate of 210 parts per hour.  It can be made using tool steel costing $0.30 per pound or using brass stock costing $1.40 per pound.  The weight per steel piece is 0.0353 pounds and the weight per brass piece is 0.0384 pounds.  When it is made using steel, it was found that 50% of the parts made per hour are defect-free; when it made using brass stock, it was found that 85% of the parts made per hour are defect-free.  If the total labor and overhead cost for operating the machine is $25.00 per hour, how much more does it cost to make 1000 defect-free parts from steel than to make 1000 defect-free parts from brass on this machine?  (Enter your answer as a number without the dollar sign.)
Question Six
A motor capable of delivering 140 HP to steel rolling mill drive is being evaluated in a present economy study.  The selected motor will only be utilized for one year, and it will have no market value at the end of the year.  Pertinent data are summarized as follows:  Motor costs $4,200, requires annual maintenance of $250, and operates with 86 percent efficiency.  If electric power costs $0.1 and the motor will be operated 2,000 hours per year, what is the annual expense for the motor (purchase cost, maintenance, plus electric power consumption)?  (Enter your answer as a number without the dollar sign.)

Economics

You have been hired by a new firm selling electronic dog feeders. Your client has asked you to gather some data on the supply and demand for the feeder, which is given below, and address several questions regarding the supply and demand for these feeders.

Price/Feeder Quantity Demanded Quantity Supplied
$300 500 1800
270 600 1700
240 700 1600
210 800 1500
180 1000 1400
150 1100 1300
120 1200 1200
90 1300 1100
60 1400 1000
30 1500 900
10 1600 800

Your client has asked that you develop a report addressing the following questions so that you can present these findings to their Board of Directors:
Questions:

  1. Construct a graph showing supply and demand in the electronic dog feeder market, using Microsoft Excel.
  2. How are the laws of supply and demand illustrated in this graph? Explain your answers.
  3. What is the equilibrium price and quantity in this market?
  4. Assume that the government imposes a price floor of $180 in the feeder market. What would happen in this market?
  5. Assume that the price floor is removed and a price ceiling is imposed at $90. What would happen in this market?
  6. Now, assume that the price of feeders drops by 50%. How would this change impact the demand for feeders? Explain your answer and reconstruct the graph developed in question one to show this change.
  7. Assume that incomes of the consumers in this market increases. What would happen in this market? Explain your answer and reconstruct the graph developed in question one to show this change.
  8. Assume that the number of sellers decreases in this market. What would happen in this market? Explain your answer and reconstruct the graph developed in question one to show this change.
  9. Explain the difference between a normal good and an inferior good. Would your answers to question 7 change depending on whether this good is a normal or inferior good? Why?

Deliverables:

Develop your analysis in Microsoft Excel format. Enter non-numerical responses in the same worksheet using textboxes

The Key Concepts in Economics

Write a three to four (3-4) page paper in which you:

  1. Identify at least four (4) key points of a relevant economic article from either the Strayer Library or a newspaper. The article must deal with any course concepts covered in Weeks 1-8.
  2. Apply one (1) of the following economic concepts (supply, demand, market structures, elasticity, costs of production, GDP, Unemployment, inflation, aggregate demand, and aggregate supply) to the key points that you highlighted in Question 1.
  3. Explain how the concept that you identified in Question 2 could affect the U.S. economy.
  4. In your concluding paragraph, state whether you agree or disagree with the economic article identified in Question 1. Provide a rationale for the response.
  5. Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment with one (1) being your article.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

What is Economics

Economics is the study of how society chooses to allocate its scarce productive resources (labor, capital, land, entrepreneurial talent).

Economics is the study of how society chooses to allocate its scarce productive resources (labor, capital, land, entrepreneurial talent).
In a mixed economy, elements of both central planning and market allocation of resources are used in allocating productive resources.  The United States economy is a mixed economy, with a bias towards market allocation of resources.  This means most resources are allocated in the private sector by way of markets.
Discuss whether you favor a larger or smaller role of government in the economy.  Refer to concepts found in the reading to support your opinion.

Global Economy: Between Free Trade and Protectionism

Globalization was welcomed around the world at the beginning of the 1990s. Different trade theories were used to explain benefits of free trade and market liberalization. However, by the end of the twentieth century, voices of discontent were beginning to rise from Asia to North America.
Identify and read at least three journal articles focused on trends in globalization. Then, respond to the following:

  • Identify current trends in globalization.
  • Reason whether the global economy will return to the mercantilist stage, or if benefits of free trade and market liberalization will prevail. Why or why not?

Write a two-to-three-page paper in Word format. Utilize at least three scholarly sources in your research.
Make sure you write in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrate ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; and display accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

Economic theory

Supply and demand are foundational concepts in understanding economic theory. Whether you are a coffee drinker or not, you have been tasked to examine the impact of supply and demand when dealing with the coffee retail industry. A few companies probably come to mind. Pick a major coffee retailer, and then contemplate what has been happening to both the supply and demand for this product.
 
Next, analyze the following scenario that deals with what happened in the coffee industry at the beginning of the last decade:
 
In the early part of the last decade, there was an overproduction of coffee. The price dropped so low that producers’ costs were higher than the market price. The reason this happened was that market prices became high before this, and the supply of coffee increased substantially. In the meantime, demand for coffee and everything else remained the same.
 
Coffee prices, as a supply input, went down. In the meantime, gourmet coffee houses began appearing, which began charging a premium for coffee in the period of decreasing prices. Gourmet coffee houses tend to open in high-rent areas and cater to higher income consumers. Because of the change they created for taste and preferences and the higher income market, the gourmet coffee houses had a win-win in a period of falling wholesale prices and increasing retail prices.
 
Explain the changes in the supply and demand creating a supply and demand curve based on the above information.
In this graph, be sure to demonstrate how these changes affected the price and quantity levels of supply and demand.
Based on this analysis, how were coffee retailers faring in the marketplace?
 
Scenario Two
 
In this next scenario, start your discussion by examining the differences between the definitions of the macroeconomics and microeconomics. Next, discuss how the concepts of supply and demand relate to (1) microeconomics and (2) macroeconomics.
 
For you to demonstrate understanding of supply and demand from the perspective of microeconomics versus macroeconomics, pick 2 of the 10 scenarios below and discuss the following questions:
 
Is the scenario a macroeconomic or microeconomic example of supply and demand?
Is this impacting supply or demand?
Is this example going to experience a shift or a movement of supply or demand?
As a result of this change, what happened to equilibrium price and quantity?
 
The 10 examples for you to consider are as follows:
 
After Hurricane Katrina, what happened to the price of fish?
After the development of the microchip, what happened to the price of computers?
After the government raised tariffs on imported cheese, what happened to the price of domestic cheese?
Polyester suits have become trendy again. What happens to their price?
Internet auction sites are becoming more popular, and people are using them more and more.
A new health report came out that said red wine lowers cholesterol.
The government raises taxes.
Inflation increases.
Immigration laws are relaxed.
The government increases spending.

Benefits of Trade

ES2560: Week 10 Benefits of Trade
Trade among nations has been growing faster than the total world GDP. The growth of U.S. exports and imports relative to the U.S. GDP parallels this global trend. Today, exports constitute more than 10 percent of total national production. In some countries, trade accounts for a much higher share of total economic activity.
Tasks:
Consider the table below for the neighboring nations of Northland and West Coast. The table lists the maximum feasible hourly rates of the production of pastries if no sandwiches are produced and the maximum feasible hourly rates of the production of sandwiches if no pastries are produced. Assume that the opportunity costs of producing these goods are constant in both nations.
Product
Northland
West Coast
Pastries (per hour)
50,000
100,000
Sandwiches (per hour)
25,000
200,000
Based on the data provided, what is the opportunity cost of producing pastries and sandwiches in Northland?
What is the opportunity cost of producing pastries and sandwiches in West Coast? Which nation has a comparative advantage in producing pastries and which nation has a comparative advantage in producing sandwiches?
Suppose the two nations choose to specialize in producing the goods for which both have a comparative advantage. Both agree to trade at a rate of exchange of one pastry for one sandwich. At this rate of exchange, what are the maximum numbers of pastries and sandwiches that both could agree to trade?
Remember to adhere to APA guidelines, standards, and formatting.

Foreign Monetary Policy

Suppose the People’s Bank of China wishes to peg the rate of exchange of its currency, the Yuan, in terms of the U.S. dollar. In each of the following situations, should it add to or subtract from its dollar foreign exchange reserves? Why?

  1. U.S. parents worrying about safety begin buying fewer Chinese-made toys for their children.
  2. U.S. interest rates rise relative to the interest rates in China; therefore, the Chinese residents seek to purchase additional U.S. financial assets.
  3. The Chinese furniture manufacturers produce high-quality early American furniture and successfully export large quantities of the furniture to the United States.

Remember to adhere to APA guidelines, standards, and formatting.
Submission Requirements:
Submit the analysis for grading before the end of the week.
 

  • Format: Microsoft Word
  • Font: Arial, 12-point, double-spaced

Questions for Case Study Four

 
Questions for Case Study Four
Answer each question in brief detail. Show all calculations. Upload them using a file name “Case Study Four_Your Name”
 
1) You start working at age 20 and you plan to deposit $5,000 in a savings account every year for the next 45 years.

  1. At the end of this time, how much money will you have if the interest rate is 5%?
  2. You decide that’s not enough money. How much will you have to save every year if you wish to have $1,000,000 when you retire?

 
2) A firm must spend $10 million today on a project that is expected to bring in annual revenues of $1.5 million for the next 10 years (beginning at the end of year 1).

  1. If the firm’s cost of capital is 5%, what is the NPV of this project?
  2. If the firm’s cost of capital is 10%, what is the NPV of this project?
  3. What is the internal rate of return?

 
3) Project C has an expected value of $500 and a standard deviation of 50. Project D has an expected value of $300 and a standard deviation of 10. Comment on the desirability of these projects.
4) The Widget Company has estimated the following revenue possibilities for the year:
Sales Probability
100 0.15
150 0.20
220 0.30
290 0.20
310 0.15

  1. Find expected revenue.
  2. Find the standard deviation.
  3. Find the coefficient of variation.

5) The XYZ Company has estimated expected cash flows for 1996 to be as follows:

Probability Cash flow
.10 $120,000
.15 140,000
.50 150,000
.15 180,000
.10 210,000

Calculate:

  1. expected value
  2. standard deviation
  3. coefficient of variation
  4. the probability that the cash flow will be less than $100,000

 
 

Economics assignment

Words 1100- 1300
Lester Scholl’s administrative assistant calls you on Monday afternoon to set up a conference call between you and the chairman tomorrow morning to discuss the board’s reaction to your list and to discuss your next task. You call the number she gave you, and Lester joins the call shortly after.
“I’m pleased with your work,” he says. The board was impressed with your list of factors. Your ranking made sense because your explanations were well-written. I suspect they read everything you sent because it was concise and clear. Good job.”
“Thanks,” you say, and you feel relieved that your first assignment was well-received.
“Your list provided the basis for a good conversation about the manufacturing operations,” he says. “We want to know more about the economy of both countries to further inform our decision-making process.”
“That makes sense,” you say. “The United States and South Korea hold many distinct economic factors that may affect AutoEdge’s long-term financial performance.”
“Right,” he says. “Your research on the two economies will give the board enough information so we can advise the new, incoming CEO.”
“What should my research include?” you ask.
“In your research, you must take into consideration several macroeconomic factors,” he says. “We want to see information about the gross domestic product (GDP), unemployment, interest rates, and inflation for both the United States and South Korea. Make sure your research is current; that is, no more than 6 months old.”
“I’ll get started right away,” you say.
“Very good,” he says. “Let me know if you have any questions, and I’ll put you in touch with some of the other members of the board if I can’t provide the answers you need.”
“Great,” you say. “Thank you.”

Labor to Maximize Profits

Sullivan’s Custom Cabinets operate in a perfectly competitive market and employs labor and capital. Labor costs $30 a day. Machines cost $36 a day. Currently, Sullivan’s has six machines and the marginal revenue product of capital is $30. Output sells at $5 per unit. Sullivan’s hires you as a consultant and provides you with the following production function.

Workers (days)

Total Output

1

9

2

17

3

24

4

30

5

35

6

39

7

42

  1. Explain, in your own words, the meaning of MRP.
  2. How is MRP computed?
  3. Using the data presented, in the short run, how many workers would you recommend Sullivan’s hire per day to maximize profits?
  4. Explain how you arrived at this number.

Economics Newspaper Investigation

Find two newspaper articles that relate to the performance of the Australian economy. Examples include, but are not are not limited to: economic growth, inflation, unemployment, income distribution and changes in the exchange rate.

Microeconomics

Please choose a current Economic news such as “Coffee prices on the rise” or “High Corn Prices Ripple Through the Economy” from the media (CNN, MSN, The Wall Street Journals, local news, or from the sources listed in the syllabus.) that pertains to our weekly course learning. Post the title and the link to the article. Discuss in a minimum of 200 -250 words why you feel this topic pertains to the course learning (Microeconomics) and how it impacts the market/economy.
Additionally, you have to also mention the weaknesses and strengths of the article you’ve chosen. These are the standard practice when you discuss a topic.

Monitoring Productivity Standards and Staff Levels – ROI

The Director of HIM has been receiving calls from customers concerning late response to the ROI requests. You are the supervisor who has been tasked to investigate the problem.
 

  1. Using the raw data below on the number of requests completed by each specialist for a month, compile the data utilizing a quality improvement tool (bar graph, line chart etc) that you feel best represents the data for the Director.
  2. Create a workflow chart of the ROI function using your knowledge of Release of Information in an acute care hospital.
  3. Analyze your ROI workflow and identify where problems might occur that would impact productivity and suggest how these might be avoided or minimized.

Productivity Report
Release of Information Standard: 20 requests per day

ROI Specialist Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4
1 90 100 95 100
2 100 105 105 95
3 70 75 90 85
4 85 85 90 100
 

Business flexicurity and the new Europe

Introduction
Flexicurity is an integrated strategy for enhancing flexibility and security in the labour market by reconciling employers’ need for a flexible workforce with workers’ need for security in order to build confidence that they will not come across long periods of unemployment according to (Sultana, 2013). In order to advance this, the European Union has come up with four components that will help pursue the principle namely; flexible and reliable contractual arrangements, comprehensive lifelong learning strategies, effective active labour market policies and modern social security systems. It covers securities such as job, employment, income, working time, working time and functional flexibilities. This concept originated from Netherlands in the 1990s due to restrictive system for dismissal of permanent employees hence there was need to provide job security. It has been subsequently applied to many countries in the world among them Denmark, Sweden and Germany but Denmark has stood out from the rest and leaves a lot of lessons that can be applied (Jianping 2008).
Denmark has been a great proponent of this and in 1999 it focused on this agenda in order to correct this imbalance between an inflexible labour market for core workers and an insecure labour market situation for the contingency workforce hence giving the workers the security they needed, however it is vital to note that it was not the result of a well-defined grand scheme, but the outcome of a long historical development with strong elements of path-dependency. Even though it has been seen as a political strategy in Denmark it has led to a benefit for both the employers and the employees.  It was clearly implement such that the word flexibility has been seen as a definition for Denmark’s labour market instead of a general attempt in various countries to strike the right balance between flexibility and security due to the fact that it is a prime example of a labour market with a well-functioning flexicurity arrangement (Burroni & Keune 2011).

Case Study: The Rise of India's Drug Industry (reference article online for further detail on case story)

1. How might US pharmaceutical companies and US consumers benefit from the rise of the Indian pharmaceutical industry?
2. Who might have lost out as a result of the recent rise of the Indian pharmaceutical industry?
3. Do the benefits from trade with the Indian pharmaceutical sector outweigh the losses?
4. What international trade theory (or theories) best explain the rise of the India as a major exporter of pharmaceuticals?

Attachments:

Principles of Microeconomics (Multiple Choice Problems)

Below is the attached homework problems worksheet. I have 11 problems that have to be completed and i need them all to br correct. I also need it by the time it is due. This is for an undergraduate college class and hopefully someboy will compete this with confidence of getting me 100%. Thank You!
In the market for hamburgers,
some sellers would be willing to sell less than the equilibrium price

  1. no seller is willing to sell for less than the equilibrium price
  2. there is excess demand at the equilibrium price

 
Which of the following is not an aspect of a market-oriented economy?

  1. the government makes most economic decisions itself
  2. Most decisions involve individuals or business firms
  3. The institutional arrangements in the economy brings together buyers and sellers of goods and services

 
The demand curve shows that as the price of a good increases,

  1. A) People tend to buy more of the good
  2. B) The quantity demanded for the good increases
  3. C) The demand curve for the good shifts to the right
  4. D) None of the above

 
McDonalds can produce both hamburgers and French fries at a lower average cost than what it would cost two separate firms to produce the same goods. This is an example of?

  1. Economies of Scope
  2. Economies of Scale
  3. Diminishing Marginal Returns
  4. None of the above

 
Mario eats only pizza and burgers. His weekly food budget is $24. Each pizza costs $6 and each burger costs $2. When deciding how much of each good to buy, Mario multiplies the number of pizzas by the number burgers, which measures his utility. For example, 2 pizzas and 4 burgers will give him a utility of 8. If Mario is currently consuming 1 pizza and 9 burgers each week, he would be better off consuming

  1. A) 2 less pizzas and 6 more burgers
  2. B) 1 less pizza and 3 more burgers
  3. C) 1 more pizza and 3 fewer burgers

 
Price Ceilings

  1. A) Reduce social surplus because of deadweight loss
  2. B) Are set to protect sellers
  3. C) Are set above equilibrium

A)Graph 2

  1. B) Graph 3
  2. C) Graph 4

Beef is a normal good. If the price elasticity of demand for beef is 2 and the price rises by 10%, the quantity demanded will?
A)fall by 5%
B)Rise by 5%

  1. C) Fall by 20%

 
 
All of the following are microeconomic problems except

  1. A) an individual deciding how to spend her income
  2. B) analyzing whether the price of wheat will rise or fall
  3. C) how to reverse a large trade deficit

Suppose an amusement park can hold 15,000 people at a time. The shape of the supply curve for tickets to the amusement park will be

  1. A) unit elastic and upward sloping
  2. B) highly elastic and very nearly flat

C)highly inelastic and very nearly vertical
 
An improvement in technology reduces the need for car repairs. This will affect the equilibrium wage and quantity of auto mechanics employed by
 

  1. A) shifting the demand curve to the right
  2. B) shifting the supply curve to the left
  3. C) shifting the demand curve to the left

The actual Harmful to Best Precise same day financial loans

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http://instantpaydayloanszone.co.uk/
 

economics money and banking

  1. monetarists disapprove of how the federal reserve conducts monetary policy. what is it about the feds policy process that bothers them? Discuss their criticism.
  2. some economists contend that the philips curve no longer exists in the US. Others argue that it has simply shifted extensively to the left.who is correct? explain your answer

3.the US economy is currently in a very sluggish “expansion” phase  of the business cycle.if you were advising the president of the US and the chairman of the fed reserve , what monetary policy , fiscal policy, or other alternative actions would u advise them to take  to stimulate the expansion
 

  1. explain ur reason for each policy or alternative action proposed
  2. if u advise them to take no new actions explain ur reasons for this advise

Managerial Economics

you are given a data set of cost function data. The data is based on 145 U.S. Electricity Producers in 1955. The source of the original data is:
Nerlove, M. (1963) Returns to Scale in Electricity Supply. In C. Christ (ed.), Measurement in Economics: Studies in Mathematical Economics and Econometrics in Memory of Yehuda Grunfeld. Stanford University Press.
This is a classic work in cost analysis, and has been used in many managerial economics courses, starting with Harvard Business School. The original data have been revised and updated by Christensen, L. R., and Greene, W. H. The attached dataset is based on the revised data.
DATASET
Variables
TC = total cost (in 1970 Million USD)
Q = total output (Billion KwH)
PL = price of labor (wages)
PF = price of fuel
PK = price of capital
Observations

TC Q PL PF PK
0.082 2 2.1 17.9 183
0.661 3 2.1 35.1 174
0.99 4 2.1 35.1 171
0.315 4 1.8 32.2 166
0.197 5 2.1 28.6 233
0.098 9 2.1 28.6 195
0.949 11 2 35.5 206
0.675 13 2.1 35.1 150
0.525 13 2.2 29.1 155
0.501 22 1.7 15 188
1.194 25 2.1 17.9 170
0.67 25 1.7 39.7 167
0.349 35 1.8 22.6 213
0.423 39 2.3 23.6 164
0.501 43 1.8 42.8 170
0.55 63 1.8 10.3 161
0.795 68 2 35.5 210
0.664 81 2.3 28.5 158
0.705 84 2.2 29.1 156
0.903 73 1.8 42.8 176
1.504 99 2.2 36.2 170
1.615 101 1.7 33.4 192
1.127 119 1.9 22.5 164
0.718 120 1.8 21.3 175
2.414 122 2.1 17.9 180
1.13 130 1.8 38.9 176
0.992 138 1.8 20.2 202
1.554 149 1.9 22.5 227
1.225 196 1.9 29.1 186
1.565 197 2.2 29.1 183
1.936 209 1.9 22.5 169
3.154 214 1.5 27.5 168
2.599 220 1.9 22.5 164
3.298 234 2.2 36.2 164
2.441 235 2.1 24.4 170
2.031 253 1.9 22.5 158
4.666 279 2.1 35.1 177
1.834 290 1.7 33.4 195
2.072 290 1.8 20.2 176
2.039 295 1.8 21.3 188
3.398 299 1.7 26.9 187
3.083 324 2.1 35.1 152
2.344 333 2.2 29.1 157
2.382 338 1.9 24.6 163
2.657 353 2.2 29.1 143
1.705 353 2.1 10.7 167
3.23 416 1.5 26.2 217
5.049 420 1.5 27.5 144
3.814 456 2.1 30 178
4.58 484 1.8 42.8 176
4.358 516 2.3 23.6 167
4.714 550 2.1 35.1 158
4.357 563 2.3 31.9 162
3.919 566 2.3 33.5 198
3.442 592 1.9 22.5 164
4.898 671 2.1 35.1 164
3.584 696 1.8 10.3 161
5.535 719 1.7 26.9 174
4.406 742 2 20.7 157
4.289 795 2.2 26.5 185
6.731 800 1.7 26.9 157
6.895 808 1.7 39.7 203
5.112 811 2.3 28.5 178
5.141 855 2 34.3 183
5.72 860 2.3 33.5 168
4.691 909 1.5 17.6 196
6.832 913 1.7 26.9 166
4.813 924 1.8 10.3 172
6.754 984 1.7 26.9 158
5.127 991 2.1 30 174
6.388 1000 1.6 28.2 225
4.509 1098 2.1 24.4 168
7.185 1109 2.1 35.1 177
6.8 1118 2.3 23.6 161
7.743 1122 2.2 29.1 162
7.968 1137 2 20.7 158
8.858 1156 2.3 33.5 176
8.588 1166 1.7 26.9 183
6.449 1170 2.1 35.1 166
8.488 1215 2.2 29.1 164
8.877 1279 2 34.3 207
10.274 1291 2.3 31.9 175
6.024 1290 1.6 28.2 225
8.258 1331 2.1 30 178
13.376 1373 2.2 36.2 157
10.69 1420 2.2 36.2 138
8.308 1474 1.9 24.6 163
6.082 1497 1.8 10.3 168
9.284 1545 1.8 20.2 158
10.879 1649 2.3 31.9 177
8.477 1668 1.8 20.2 170
6.877 1782 2.1 10.7 183
15.106 1831 2 35.5 162
8.031 1833 1.8 10.3 177
8.082 1838 1.5 17.6 196
10.866 1787 2.2 26.5 164
8.596 1918 1.7 12.9 158
8.673 1930 1.8 22.6 157
15.437 2028 2.1 24.4 163
8.211 2057 1.8 10.3 161
11.982 2084 1.8 21.3 156
16.674 2226 2 34.3 217
12.62 2304 2.3 23.6 161
12.905 2341 2 20.7 183
11.615 2353 1.7 12.9 167
9.321 2367 1.8 10.3 161
12.962 2451 2 20.7 163
16.932 2457 2.2 36.2 170
9.648 2507 1.8 10.3 174
18.35 2530 2.3 33.5 197
17.333 2576 1.9 22.5 162
12.015 2607 1.8 10.3 155
11.32 2870 1.8 10.3 167
22.337 2993 2.3 33.5 176
19.035 3202 2.3 23.6 170
12.205 3286 1.6 17.8 183
17.078 3312 1.7 28.8 190
25.528 3498 2.1 30 170
24.021 3538 2.1 30 176
32.197 3794 2.1 35.1 159
26.652 3841 2.3 28.5 157
20.164 4014 2.1 24.4 161
14.132 4217 1.5 18.1 172
21.41 4305 2.1 24.4 203
23.244 4494 2 20.7 167
29.845 4764 2.2 29.1 195
32.318 5277 1.9 29.1 161
21.988 5283 2 20.7 159
35.229 5668 2.1 24.4 177
17.467 5681 1.8 10.3 157
22.828 5819 1.8 18.5 196
33.154 6000 2.1 24.4 183
32.228 6119 1.5 26.2 189
34.168 6136 1.9 22.5 160
40.594 7193 2.1 28.6 162
33.354 7886 1.6 17.8 178
64.542 8419 2.3 31.9 199
41.238 8642 2.2 26.5 182
47.993 8787 2.3 33.5 190
69.878 9484 2.1 24.4 165
44.894 9956 1.7 28.8 203
67.12 11477 2.2 26.5 151
73.05 11796 2.1 28.6 148
139.422 14359 2.3 33.5 212
119.939 16719 2.3 23.6 162

Cut the data set and paste it into Excel. Then, in Excel, obtain the logarithmic transformation of all the variables using the Excel function: =LOG( . ), i.e.,
logTC = log(total cost)
logQ = log(total output)
logPL = log(price of labor)
logPF = log(price of fuel)
logPK = log(price of capital)
Run the following regression using the Excel add-in Data Analysis:
logTC=
whereis an error term, and the variables and their logarithmic transformations are defined above.
Read the Background material, run the multiple regression outlined above and then write a 3- to 4-page report (and attach the Excel printout) answering the following questions:

  • What is the R-square of the regression? What does it mean?
  • What is the elasticity of TC with respect to Q? Test the significance of
  • What is the elasticity of TC with respect to PL? Test the significance of
  • What is the elasticity of TC with respect to PF? Test the significance of
  • What is the elasticity of TC with respect to PK? Test the significance of
  • Can you forecast (predict) what happens to TC if PL doubles (keeping everything else constant)?
  • Looking at the ANOVA table, can you conclude the independent variables jointly affect the average housing price? See the ANOVA note in Module 2 SLP.
  • Do you find any anomaly in the results? That is, is there any result that does not make sense to you?
  • How would inclusion of modern generation mix (Coal, Nuclear, Natural Gas) change the specification of the demand for electricity?

 

microeconomics assignment.

should be in APA style by using microsoft word.. drawing shouldnot be copy from websit,should be done by using microsoftword.only last question need to be reference as well as citation.
Microeconomics – Worth 20% of total assessment:
Answer all five (5) of the following questions.
Each question is worth equal marks and will be marked out of 10.
The total mark is 50 and will then be converted to a make it worth 20 percent
References are only required for Question 5.
Question 1
Explain with the use of diagrams where appropriate how perfect competition leads to allocative productive and dynamic efficiency. (10 marks)
Question 2
While firms in both the perfectly competitive structure and the monopolistically competitive structure earn zero economic profit in the long run, it can be said that perfect competition is a more efficient structure than monopolistic competition. Discuss this statement with the use of appropriate diagrams. (7 marks for explaining why firms in both market structures earn zero economic profits, 3 marks for explaining why perfect completion is more efficient.)
Question 3
What is a natural monopoly? (3 marks) If a firm is a natural monopoly, illustrate with the use of diagrams why is it is necessary to have the price set by a regulatory authority rather than by the market. (7 marks)
Question 4:
One of the defining charateristics of an oligopoly is non-price compertion. Why is the case and how is this related to game theory scenarios such as the Prisoner’s dilemma? (10 marks)
Question 5:
Attempt either Part A or Part B
Part A
Petrol prices recently plummeted; discuss some of the reasons behind this development
OR
Part B
Discuss the pros and cons of deregulation of university education and fees.

economics paper

Write a 4-5 page paper in which you:

  1. Develop a theory based on the first assignment that could be estimated with multiple regression.
  2. State the model in mathematical terms.
  3. Estimate the model and interpret the meaning of the coefficient estimates.
  4. Compare the results from the regression in Assignment 1 with the results from the regression in Assignment 2.
  5. Discuss which model better explains changes in the dependant variable.

Your assignment must:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the tile of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Apply econometrics to conduct and present the analysis of economic data to support business and public policy decisions.
  • Apply regression analysis to interpret the characteristics of populations and test hypotheses.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in econometrics.
  • Write clearly and concisely about econometrics using proper writing mechanics.

Economics case study

Scenario Summary You are an e-commerce expert and you have some friends who own their own local bookstore. The husband and wife team have owned this company for 20 years and have built an amazing business that is very successful to the local community and is known to have an amazing collection of rare and exotic books.
 
However, due to the World Wide Web, bookstores have had challenges, as Amazon and Barnes and Noble and other online companies have hurt their business. You have been hired by the owners to help craft an e-marketing strategy to improve their local sales and introduce the ability to sell their books online.
 
You will be asked to write a 5 page (2,500 words minimum) business report outlining your strategies to increase their presence online and improve their online advertising and create the ability to sell books to people throughout the world. 
 
Your Role/Assignment You are an e-marketing and e-commerce consultant. Mary and Joe Johnson, the owners of Book Bunker, have hired you to help them improve their sales both online and in their store. The Johnsons do not currently have a website, and are unaware of social media. They have asked you to develop an online strategy to create advertising to improve the number of walk-ins into their store as well as the ability for anyone that has access to their site and purchase books.
 
 
Mary Johnson , CoFounder of Book Bunker: Hi, I am so glad to see you. As you already know, I am Mary Johnson, cofounder of Book Bunker. My husband Joe and I have run this store for 20 years and we need your help. I plan to tell you all about our background and why we are special, and in a little bit my husband will fill you in on what we need. First off, as you know, we started 20 years ago in a small store in the suburbs that specialized in rare and used books. As we grew in notoriety  and customers, we started to expand our business. Over the past twenty years we have moved to two different locations as we grew and today we are located in the middle of downtown with a very nice sized store. We still specialize in buying and selling rare books, but we also offer mainstream novels and audio books. Simply put, you can get any book you want in our store that is offered by our major competitors, such as Barnes and Noble or Amazon, but we ALSO have the ability to find and sell rare books. We are proud of our niche. And we have found that people come from around the country to ask us about a book. I get a few international phone calls a week looking for a rare text. Simply put, we have a great reputation…but we are certain not enough people know about us. Locally we are the leading bookstore in our city…but we have seen sales dip due to people buying books online. With this in mind, Joe and I thought we needed to speak with an expert to discuss creating a website…yes, I know, we should have one already, but we don’t…and developing an e-marketing strategy to improve our local sales as well as begin selling online. I have given you some basic information about our company, now I will turn you over to Joe to talk about the specifics of our marketing needs.
 Joe Johnson, Co-Founder of Book Bunker Hello, I am Joe Johnson. Nice to meet you. I see you that you spoke to my wife in great length about our store and history. We are very proud of our niche market of rare books, but we also know that we can and do compete well with the larger stores that sell contemporary books. With that said, we have seen a 20% drop in sales over the last two years and we need to address this immediately. Simply put, we are in the dark ages when it comes to e-commerce and we need a plan. We would like for you to help us develop an e-marketing strategy to increase our sales. We are looking for recommendations on the following:
1. Even though we don’t have a website today, I would like to understand various features we should have on our website.
2. Help us decide where we should advertise online, should we use banner ads? What sites should we choose to ad? What keywords and adwords should we choose?
3. Give me a report on the ability to advertise on the internet

Economics paper

Write a 4-5 page paper in which you:

  1. Develop a theory based on the first assignment that could be estimated with multiple regression.
  2. State the model in mathematical terms.
  3. Estimate the model and interpret the meaning of the coefficient estimates.
  4. Compare the results from the regression in Assignment 1 with the results from the regression in Assignment 2.
  5. Discuss which model better explains changes in the dependant variable.

Your assignment must:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the tile of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Apply econometrics to conduct and present the analysis of economic data to support business and public policy decisions.
  • Apply regression analysis to interpret the characteristics of populations and test hypotheses.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in econometrics.
  • Write clearly and concisely about econometrics using proper writing mechanics.

A Monopolist's Control

In a one page synopsis explain the following statement:

“A monopolist can control the price or the quantity sold, but cannot control both.”

Scenario Summary

You are an e-commerce expert and you have some friends who own their own local bookstore. The husband and wife team have owned this company for 20 years and have built an amazing business that is very successful to the local community and is known to have an amazing collection of rare and exotic books.
 
However, due to the World Wide Web, bookstores have had challenges, as Amazon and Barnes and Noble and other online companies have hurt their business. You have been hired by the owners to help craft an e-marketing strategy to improve their local sales and introduce the ability to sell their books online.
 
You will be asked to write a 5 page (2,500 words minimum) business report outlining your strategies to increase their presence online and improve their online advertising and create the ability to sell books to people throughout the world. 
 
Your Role/Assignment You are an e-marketing and e-commerce consultant. Mary and Joe Johnson, the owners of Book Bunker, have hired you to help them improve their sales both online and in their store. The Johnsons do not currently have a website, and are unaware of social media. They have asked you to develop an online strategy to create advertising to improve the number of walk-ins into their store as well as the ability for anyone that has access to their site and purchase books.
 
 
Mary Johnson , CoFounder of Book Bunker: Hi, I am so glad to see you. As you already know, I am Mary Johnson, cofounder of Book Bunker. My husband Joe and I have run this store for 20 years and we need your help. I plan to tell you all about our background and why we are special, and in a little bit my husband will fill you in on what we need. First off, as you know, we started 20 years ago in a small store in the suburbs that specialized in rare and used books. As we grew in notoriety  and customers, we started to expand our business. Over the past twenty years we have moved to two different locations as we grew and today we are located in the middle of downtown with a very nice sized store. We still specialize in buying and selling rare books, but we also offer mainstream novels and audio books. Simply put, you can get any book you want in our store that is offered by our major competitors, such as Barnes and Noble or Amazon, but we ALSO have the ability to find and sell rare books. We are proud of our niche. And we have found that people come from around the country to ask us about a book. I get a few international phone calls a week looking for a rare text. Simply put, we have a great reputation…but we are certain not enough people know about us. Locally we are the leading bookstore in our city…but we have seen sales dip due to people buying books online. With this in mind, Joe and I thought we needed to speak with an expert to discuss creating a website…yes, I know, we should have one already, but we don’t…and developing an e-marketing strategy to improve our local sales as well as begin selling online. I have given you some basic information about our company, now I will turn you over to Joe to talk about the specifics of our marketing needs.
 
 
Joe Johnson, Co-Founder of Book Bunker Hello, I am Joe Johnson. Nice to meet you. I see you that you spoke to my wife in great length about our store and history. We are very proud of our niche market of rare books, but we also know that we can and do compete well with the larger stores that sell contemporary books. With that said, we have seen a 20% drop in sales over the last two years and we need to address this immediately. Simply put, we are in the dark ages when it comes to e-commerce and we need a plan. We would like for you to help us develop an e-marketing strategy to increase our sales. We are looking for recommendations on the following:
 
1. Even though we don’t have a website today, I would like to understand various features we should have on our website.
 
2. Help us decide where we should advertise online, should we use banner ads? What sites should we choose to ad? What keywords and adwords should we choose?
 
3. Give me a report on the ability to advertise on the internet

Aftermath of the economies of Japan and Germany after world war 2

I need you to write a TEN page essay about the topic above. The first page is intro, other nine pages are all text work. Dont add photos and DONT PLAGARISE because I always check before I pay fully.
 
add one more page at the end having in them the URL of the sites that you used to get your information.