Science homework help

WMD Case Study II

Impact of Bioterrorism
One of the earliest known cases of bioterrorism occurred in 1346 when the Tartars (Mongols) were besieging Caffa, a grain port on the Black Sea (present day Feodosiya in Ukraine). On October 4, 2001, a photo editor at the National Enquirer’s parent company was recognized as the first victim of a bioterrorism attack on American soil. Twenty-four hours later, he died from inhalational anthrax. The purpose of this case study is to research a potential biological agent or toxin that could be weaponized.
 
Using APA format, write a 3-5 page paper summarizing the effects of biological weapons if released in the Mall of
America.
 
Your paper should discuss:
 signs and symptoms,
 incubation time,
 mode of exposure (injection, inhalation, cutaneous, etc.),
 prevention,
 treatment,
 locality impacts (weather, location, population, etc.), and
 sociological impacts.

Agrarianism as a spiritual response to the environmental crisis.

Write a paper evaluating agrarianism as a spiritual response to the environmental crisis.

 

  1. First, analyze agrarianism’s diagnosis of the root cause of human alienation from nature and its proposed solution. Examine how the agrarian solution differs from the solutions to the environmental crisis proposed by other environmental movements such as deep ecology.
  2. Finally, evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of these movements, determining which movement you find to be the most adequate in response to the current environmental situation. (If you find none of the responses we studied adequate, defend your own ideas of the best response while also critiquing the movements we studied.)
  3. At each step, support all your interpretations with evidence from the assigned texts and media. (Remember, there is more than one good way to answer these questions.)

Your paper must be four to five pages in length (excluding title and reference pages), double spaced, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. Defend your claims with references to specific passages from at least three of the required and recommended readings. For information regarding APA samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center, located within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation menu.

Difference between toxicokinetics and toxicodynamics.

Access the Tox Town website by doing the following:

  • Click National Library of Medicine
  • Click Environmental Health and Toxicology.
  • Click Tox Town under More to Explore.

http://toxtown.nlm.nih.gov/

 

This site will allow you to explore different places in society where health concerns and toxic chemicals reside.

Access the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) website. This site can be used to review toxic substances.

http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/

Access the Contaminant Pathways Diagram on the course site.

Write a 1,050 – to 1,400-word paper. Include the following in your paper:

  • Identify the environmental effects of contaminants.
  • Explain the difference between toxicokinetics and toxicodynamics.
  • What steps are involved in toxicokinetics?
  • Explain the primary routes of exposure for contaminants.
  • Explain the various pathways of distribution for contaminants.
  • Explain the four principal mechanisms in moving contaminants across the cell membrane, or uptake.
  • What is involved in Phases I and II of biotransformation?
  • What can occur as a result of biotransformation?

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Climate Change

Climate Change

Prepare a summary in support or not of the statement that the best adjustment to climate change is to do little or nothing and learn to live with the change.

 

 

(300-400 words with no specific format, just the summary)

Contaminant

Contaminant

700- to 1,050-word paper on the following:

 

Include the following information about arsenic:

 

  • What is the contaminant
  • The sources of the contaminant
  • Physical properties of the contaminant
  • The routes of exposure–absorption–for the contaminant
  • The pathway of distribution–transport–for the contaminant
  • The uptake of your contaminant across the cell wall or membrane

Across America, large quantities of food are wasted every day

Across America, large quantities of food are wasted every day. Read the inset in your text on page 233.

How could you, as a foodservice manager, address this problem? You will need to do some research and show how several other foodservice outlets are addressing this problem.

 

Min. 2 pages and 2 references

 

Once the assignment has been submitted, turnitin.com will automatically generate a similarity report.  You should be aiming for a similarity score of less than 20%, excluding the reference page.  This means that 80% or more of the content of your paper is written using your own original content.

environmental pollution

EPA

350- to 700-word paper addressing the following:

  • Intro
  • Why is environmental pollution an issue in our home and workplace? Provide specific examples of some environmental contaminants humans may encounter.
  • How can individuals prevent pollution in their everyday lives?
  • How can you spread awareness of chemical safety?
  • Conclusion

industrial hygiene

industrial hygiene unit 5

Each response should be at least 200 words in length. It is required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including your textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.

 

question 1

What are the elements of the risk-assessment paradigm? How can these elements be applied in a workplace setting in which an emergency responder is addressing a large spill of trichloroethylene? Describe how risk assessment can be used in industrial hygiene practice.

 

question 2

Define instantaneous monitoring, integrated monitoring, personal monitoring, and area monitoring, and explain the differences among each one. Provide a scenario in which in each method would be used.

 

question 3

In your own words, define risk. What are the four functions of risk? How can these four functions be used to make risk decisions? List the factors that affect risk perception in the workplace. How can an industrial hygienist determine how much risk is acceptable?

 

question 4

Define exposure assessment, and describe the seven steps involved in an exposure-assessment strategy. Apply each step to a scenario where you, as an industrial hygienist, are asked to describe a worker’s exposure to cadmium during a brazing operation.

 

cleanup a historical arsenic contamination site

cleanup a historical arsenic contamination site

You are the project manager of an environmental company that was hired to cleanup a historical arsenic contamination site. Soil sampling results indicated the area impacted with arsenic above action levels is 30 feet by 55 feet. The depth of the arsenic plume is three feet below ground surface. The land owner wanted to clean this site for future development. Using your textbook, answer the questions below to help you prepare a cost estimate for this portion of the project. Your solutions and any assumptions to justify your estimate must be shown.

 

  1. What is the chemical symbol of arsenic, and what group/family does it belong to?

 

  1. Solve for the minimum volume of soil that will be excavated in cubic yards?

 

  1. If each dump truck can transport 18 cubic yards, determine how many dump trucks loads will be transported? For calculation purposes, add a 15% “fluff factor” (add to the volume that will be transported).

 

  1. If the bulk density of soil is 1350 kg/m3 (84.3 lb/ft3), solve for the weight of the soil that will be transported to a disposal site in kilograms?

 

 

 

 

Your total response to parts a-d must be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced. Paraphrased and/or quoted material must have accompanying citations in APA format.

Pollution prevention and Toxicolgy papers

Pollution Prevention Class 200 Words- What are the molecular modifications that can be made to reduce absorption by the gastrointestinal tract and inhalation?

2.

Pollution Prevention Class 200 Words It is common in some industries, such as the manufacturer of specialty pharmaceuticals, to have very low yields for the compound of interest. This means that feedstock requirements are high and voluminous amounts of waste result from the manufacturing process. Assume that the reaction yield cannot be easily improved. As the pollution prevention manager for your company, what steps should you investigate to minimize both the amount of feedstock consumed and the amount of waste generated?

laws of thermodynamics.

You will prepare an APA-style  research paper to discuss energy topics, as follows:

 

 

  • In your own words, describe the laws of thermodynamics.
  • Explain how these scientific laws apply to energy use, energy conversions, and the need for energy efficiency.
  • Describe the pros and cons of the following energy types, writing 1 paragraph for each: ◦Fossil fuel: Oil, natural gas, and coal

◦Nuclear energy

◦Solar energy

◦Wind power

◦Water (hydro) power

◦Bioconversion (biofuel)

 

  • Research and describe 2 provisions of the Energy Policy Act of 2005.

◦Describe each provision, and provide your opinion about how each provision helps the United States meet energy use goals.

 

For assistance with your assignment, please use your text, Web resources, and all course materials.

 

Please submit your assignment.

 

This assignment will also be assessed using additional criteria provided here.

 

The following rubric will be used for grading:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grading Rubric

 

 

 

 

70%

 

 

Content Development/Critical Thinking: Student uses relevant content to fully and accurately answer all questions. Student demonstrates critical thinking by synthesizing original answers in student’s own words based on reading and research, and includes relevant examples.

 

 

 

 

20%

 

 

Organization, Grammar, and Presentation: Organization is clear. Writing clearly and effectively communicates relevant content. Few if any errors in grammar, spelling, and sentence structure.

 

 

 

 

10%

 

 

5% Information Literacy and Research: Student selects and uses high-quality, credible references relevant to the assignment questions.

 

 

5% Sources are correctly cited using APA style: The paper follows APA format and includes a title page, abstract, body of paper, and reference list.

Ecosystem Structure, Function, and Change

SCI/256 week 2 Ecosystem Structure, Function, and Change Paper

Select a representative natural ecosystem in your area or one in which you are interested—such as a lake, preserve, or park—that is managed for native species.

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper explaining the following:

  • The major structural and functional dynamics of your selected ecosystem
  • How humans may have affected the cycling of matter in ecosystems, including effects to the nitrogen, phosphorus, or carbon cycle
  • How knowledge about that ecosystem’s structure and function can help or has helped to develop plans for its restoration or management
  • The implication of species interactions on your selected ecosystem

Include two outside references.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Environmental Analysis Presentation

SCI/256 week 5Environmental Analysis Presentation

Perform an analysis of an environmental issue.

Prepare a 10- to 15-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation with detailed speaker notes. Include the following:

  • Select an environmental issue from any issues discussed in this class.
  • Describe the issue.
  • Identify the relative local, regional, national, or global policies addressing your issue.
  • Describe how the policies intend to address the issue.
  • Discuss the effectiveness, positive and negative, of any policies concerning the issue to include the following:
    • Challenges to policy implementation
    • Public opinion
    • Effects on individuals

Include no less than one outside resource per team member.

Format your presentation consistent with APA guidelines.

  • For Local Campus students, these are 15- to 20-minute oral presentations accompanied by Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentations.
  • For Online and Directed Study students, these are Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentations with notes

Natural Resources and Energy

SCI/256 week 3Natural Resources and Energy Paper

Write a 1,400- to 1,750-word paper on natural resources and energy. Include the following:

  • Choose a specific ecosystem, such as a forest, grassland, or a marine or freshwater aquatic ecosystem.
  • Identify associated with agriculture.
  • Identify and discuss the effects a growing human population may have on that ecosystem’s resources, including loss or harm to populations of wild species.
  • Discuss one management practice for sustainability and conservation of natural resources in that ecosystem.
  • Identify the risks and benefits of extracting or using one type of nonrenewable and one type of renewable energy resource from that ecosystem, or in areas near that ecosystem.
  • Assess management practices for sustainability and conservation of natural resources and energy.

Include two outside references.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

Environmental Epidemiology and Health Hazards

Environmental epidemiology is the primary scientific discipline that establishes exposure-disease relationships in environmental health. For example, epidemiologists determined that exposure to asbestos causes mesothelioma. This is one example of chemical agent leading to health hazards. Other environmental hazards, such as air and water pollution, have been linked to adverse health outcomes.
Using your course textbook, the South University Online Library, and the Internet, research on the following topics:

  • Significant episodes in which an environmental hazard caused adverse health outcomes in humans
  • Three major historical events in environmental epidemiology

On the basis of your research and reading and understanding of the above topics, answer the following questions:

  • Which environmental hazard, such as the pollutant or pollutants, caused the most adverse health outcomes and why?
  • What are the various adverse health outcomes that occurred as a result of exposure to the environmental hazard?
  • What are the steps that were taken to prevent the adverse health outcomes from occurring? Should there be any other step that was necessary to prevent the adverse health outcome? Explain.
  • Suggest the ways to prevent future occurrences of such episodes.
  • Is there an association between environmental hazards and adverse health outcomes in humans? Why or why not?
  • Analyze and explain the exposure-disease relationship for each of these three events.
  • What do you think is the impact of these events on the communities where they occurred?

Environmental Epidemiology and Health Hazards

Environmental epidemiology is the primary scientific discipline that establishes exposure-disease relationships in environmental health. For example, epidemiologists determined that exposure to asbestos causes mesothelioma. This is one example of chemical agent leading to health hazards. Other environmental hazards, such as air and water pollution, have been linked to adverse health outcomes.
Using your course textbook, the South University Online Library, and the Internet, research on the following topics:

  • Significant episodes in which an environmental hazard caused adverse health outcomes in humans
  • Three major historical events in environmental epidemiology

On the basis of your research and reading and understanding of the above topics, answer the following questions:

  • Which environmental hazard, such as the pollutant or pollutants, caused the most adverse health outcomes and why?
  • What are the various adverse health outcomes that occurred as a result of exposure to the environmental hazard?
  • What are the steps that were taken to prevent the adverse health outcomes from occurring? Should there be any other step that was necessary to prevent the adverse health outcome? Explain.
  • Suggest the ways to prevent future occurrences of such episodes.
  • Is there an association between environmental hazards and adverse health outcomes in humans? Why or why not?
  • Analyze and explain the exposure-disease relationship for each of these three events.
  • What do you think is the impact of these events on the communities where they occurred?

Recent Environmental Issues versus the Environmental Health Laws

The media are replete with examples of environmental issues exposing us to health risks. The growing concern of environmental issues is the reason why the environmental health laws, such as CAA and CWA, were introduced in the 1970s. There have been several amendments throughout these years.
Using your course textbook, the South University Online libray, and the internet, research on examples of the following topics:

  • Environmenatl Issues that Have Occurred in Last one year
  • Major environmental health laws that have been introduced in past ten years

On the basis of your research and understanding of the topic, answer the following questions:

  • In the past one year, which environmental health issue is the most grave one and why?
  • What is the role of various government agencies that are charged with enforcing and evaluating the impact of the law?
  • How have the governmnet agencies been able to assess the gravity of the issue?
  • Which one is the most important environmental health law that has been introduced within the past few years and why?
  • Analyze the intended impact of environmental health laws on your local community (Mississippi).
  • What are the laws that were in effect, or should have been in effect, at the time when the environmental issue occured?

Water Pollution

  1. Give an example of an inorganic nutrient pollutant. What is its effect on the aquatic environment? What can be done to control the pollutant?
  1. What is a source of heavy metal pollution in water? Give an example of a heavy metal and its effect. How can heavy metal pollution be controlled?
  1. Explain the process of sewage treatment. Include primary sewage treatment, secondary treatment, and tertiary treatment. Explain how sewage treatment affects biological oxygen demand (BOD) and why sewage treatment is important for aquatic health.
  1. For the following legislation, identify whether it is federal or international legislation and explain how it is meant to control pollution.
  1. Federal Water Pollution Control Act (FWPCA) of 1972 and the Clean Water Act of 1977
  2. Safe Drinking Water Act of 1972
  3. Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986
  4. Ocean Dumping Ban Act of 1988
  5. Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuary Act of 1972
  6. Marine Pollution Convention (MARPOL) Act of 1973
  7. Oil Pollution Act of 1990
  8. International Drinking Water and Sanitation Decade (1981–1990)

Increase in Environment Related Health Hazards in Recent Years

The study of environmental health is crucial to one’s understanding of the hazards and potential adverse effects posted by environmental agents and the extent to which environmental factors play a role in human disease. This foundation is essential for being an effective advocate for preventing environmentally caused diseases and for more advanced study of environmental health issues.
Using the South University Online library or the internet, research on the topic, “Health Hazards Caused Due to the Environment in the Recent Past.”
On the basis of your research and understanding of the topic, create a 3 to 4 page (except the title and the reference pages) Microsoft word document that addresses the following questions:

  • Discuss one type of environmental health problem that you have in your own community (Mississippi).
  • Explain how you can determine whether you are exposed to increased levels of environmental hazards in your home.
  • Identify and explain the types of associations found between environmental lazards and health outcomes.
  • explain a relationship between exposure to a hazard in the environment and degenerative brain disease, such as Alzheimer.
  • Explain why children are more vulnerable to environmental toxins than adults. What types of policies are needed to protect vulnerable populations from environmental hazards?

Support your responses with reasoning and examples.
Cite any sources in APA format.
NO plagiarism

critical review on produced water management:case study Nigeria, Norway and United states

i want every table and diagram to be referenced, the reference is going to be based on harvard coventry style, the produced water treatment review will be based on combination of different methods to achieve treatment, and also the results and discussion will be based on the vol of processed produced water, %vol of removal of organic and inorganic, the cost of each combined methods or methods. pls with references. a lot of reference. the advantage and disadvantage of the most recent methods to the other. methods should be combined method of produced water treatment and also the environmental impact if the water is not treated well, should be captured too. with all this, the should be a kind of comparison of the different treatment methods, with a scale. scale of 50% – 95% in terms of vol of removal of organic and inorganic, and different journal and materials should be consulted to achieve this and also cited on the table used for comparison, at list 4 authors for different methods. For the introduction part, it should have a very good gap, research question and objectives. In the introduction part, produced water and the project should be briefly introduced, the literature review part, it should explain intensively about produced water, the constituents and the most recent and effective treatment method. the current regulation on produced water. and any other relevant thing that needs to be added. pls the reference has to be very sufficient, at list with three lines, there should a reference. every strong words must come with ref.

Environmental science lab unit 5 individual project

For each assignment, you will use the M.U.S.E. link to complete the lab. Access the M.U.S.E. by clicking on Learning Materials
In this lab, you will determine how an invasive species—the zebra and quagga mussel—affects other species in the freshwater lake. Use the animation to help you come up with an answer to the following:
•Why do you see increases and decreases in the invasive species population?
•What are the implications associated with these alterations to the ecosystem as a whole?
The Effects of Zebra and Quagga Mussels Introduced into a Freshwater Lake
As you have learned, population dynamics are caused by the biotic potential of the population and the effects of environmental resistance. When there is minimal environmental resistance impacting a population, it will exhibit a population explosion. One reason for minimal resistance could be factors that no longer regulate a population (e.g., predator decline or resource increases). Another reason for a population explosion is the introduction of an invasive species. Invasive species are species foreign to an ecosystem and are not immediatelyregulated by the environmental restraints of the particular ecosystem that they invade. This in turn allows their populations to grow seemingly uncontrolled and to displace other indigenous populations. Examples of such an invasive species into North America are dreissenid mussels, commonly known as zebra and quagga mussels. Their introduction into the Great Lakes has caused economic hardship and a reorganization of the ecosystem. This has led, in part, to pollution-causing effects that can be linked to an alga known as Cladophora.
Ecosystems are webs of intricately balanced interactions, what happens when a new species is introduced that uses a disproportionate share of the ecosystem’s resources?
Using the M.U.S.E. link, review the background information and animation to complete your report.
Use the Lab 5 worksheet for assignment instructions and data collection.

Policy Challenges Presented by Environmental Problems

We have studied a diverse group of environmental issues during our course. Many of these issues can be directly linked to a variety of environmental challenges/problems. In addition, many of these issues affect various direct/indirect environmental values that are important to all people. The process to create policies that effectively and efficiently address these environmental issues is complex and difficult. In your Final Paper, you will be tasked to discuss, analyze, and evaluate one of the following environmental issues and then recommend a policy to address the issue. Select an environmental issue that interests you from the list below:

  • Loss of biodiversity
  • Energy
  • Solid and hazardous waste
  • Public land use
  • Climate change
  • International environmental policy

Please note that air quality and water issues are not topics for the Final Paper because you wrote a short paper during Week Two, which focuses on one of those two policy areas.

For this assignment, you will complete the following sections:

  1. Introduce the thesis and provide a brief overview of the main points.
  2. Explain why and how three environmental challenges/problems are associated with this issue.
  3. Explain why and how direct and/or indirect environmental values are impacted by this issue.
  4. Recommend a policy that will effectively and efficiently address the three environmental challenges/problems associated with your issue.
  5. Evaluate the social, political, economic, and environmental pros/cons of implementing your policy.
  6. Conclude your paper with a brief review your main points and overall argument/thesis.

The paper must be 6 to 8 pages in length (excluding title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. You must use at least six scholarly sources (at least four of which must be found in the Ashford University Library) other than the textbook to support your claims. Cite your sources in-text and on the reference page. For information regarding APA samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center, located within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar.

Writing the Final Paper

The Final Paper:

  1. Must be 6 to 8 double-spaced pages in length (excluding title and reference pages), and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  2. Must include a title page with the following:
    1. Title of paper
    2. Student’s name
    3. Course name and number
    4. Instructor’s name
    5. Date submitted
  3. Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.
  4. Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
  5. Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.
  6. Must use at least six scholarly resources, including a minimum of four from the Ashford University Library.
  7. Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  8. Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Safety and Health Management

With a brief introduction to the article, summary and analysis of the key points in the article, whether or not the article supports the concepts as presented in the textbook, summary of the article’s conclusions and your own opinions, and full APA reference citation and in-text citations for the article.

The topic: “The Safety and Health Manager” this is in chapter 1 of the book Industrial Safety and Health Management (sixth Edition) by Asfahl & Rieske. You are also to choose from the journals and articles available on the Columbia Southern University library database. This has to do with OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration

Top Three Trends in Your Profession and Associated Industry-Annotated Bibliography

Top Three Trends in Your Profession and Associated Industry-Annotated Bibliography

  1. Identify the NAICS code of your industry or the SOC code
  2. Identify and list the key concepts and terms related to researching, describing and discussing the top three trends in your industry/profession.
  3. Identify the Library References you will use in developing the annotated bibliography
  4. Create a short informative annotated reference list of at least 6 references.

Evaluating Science Resources

Evaluating Science Resources

Evaluating Science Resources

In Unit 1 you learned how to determine whether a resource was reliable and reputable and how to best apply such a source of information to your everyday life. To reinforce this skill, you will apply this knowledge by researching and evaluating two different resources on one scientific topic. Pick a topic that is related to any field of science, such as chemistry, physics, biology, or geology, and think of a question that you would like to find an answer to. For example, “Is global warming causing more earthquakes?” Or “What is the best treatment for my allergies?” Discuss how, and why, you chose your question.

To complete this Assignment:

  • Locate two resources about a scientific topic that interests you: one from a scientifically reputable resource and another from a questionable resource.
  • Write a brief summary of these two articles and an explanation of the differences between the reliability of these resources.
  • What characteristics make one more scientifically valid than the other? Be sure to indicate which resource is the scientifically reputable resource and which resource’s reliability is questionable. Present both of your resources in APA format.

Basic Writing Expectations:

  • 400 words minimum.
  • Free of grammatical and spelling errors
  • No evidence of plagiarism
  • Use of APA style for References Page and citations. Refer to the APA Quick Reference Guide.

Be sure to review the Grading Rubric provided in the Course Syllabus for details on how this Assignment will be graded.

Turnitin Analysis

A special feature is available to help you with reviewing your Unit 2 Assignment for plagiarism. When you submit your Assignment to the Unit 2 Dropbox, your Assignment will automatically be analyzed by the plagiarism detection tool, Turnitin. Soon after you submit your Assignment, you will be able to view the Turnitin Originality Report. Originality Reports provide a summary of matching or highly similar text found in a submitted paper. When an Originality Report is available for viewing, an icon will appear in the report column of the Assignment Inbox. Originality Reports are only available in the InBox. For this reason, you will need to download the report prior to the grading of the Unit 2 Assignment. To do this, click on the print icon at the bottom of the Originality Report. This will prepare a readable, PDF version of the Originality Report that you can save to your computer.

Submitting Your Assignment

Save your copy of the Assignment in a location and with a name that you will remember. Be sure to use the “Save As” option to include your first and last name in the title of the document. For example, your paper might be called Shawn_Edwards_Assignment2.doc

When you are ready to submit it, click on the Dropbox and complete the steps below:

  • Click the link that says Submit an Assignment.
  • In the “Submit to Basket” menu, select Unit 2: Assignment
  • In the “Comments” field, include at least the title of your paper.
  • Click the Add Attachments button.
  • Follow the steps listed to attach your Microsoft Word document.
  • To view your graded work, come back to the Dropbox or go to the Gradebook after your instructor has evaluated it. Click the Dropbox to access it.

 

Fire Protection

Fire Protection Powerpoint

Visit a local business in your community. If it is not possible to visit, then choose a business you are familiar with. Identify the hazards within the occupancy and what type of fire protection system (FPS) would address the fire potential contained within the business. Based on what you learned from the Charleston furniture store fire, create a 5- to 7-slide presentation that might convince the owner to implement an FPS. In at least one slide, list at least three ways in which the system would limit the development and spread of fire and toxic gases. Be sure to discuss any ethical situations where cost versus protection may be a factor.

Why most experts recommend the use of aqueous film-forming foam (AFFF) to extinguish crude oil fires inside a bulk storage tank

Why do most experts recommend the use of aqueous film-forming foam (AFFF) to extinguish crude oil fires inside a bulk storage tank?

Your response must be at least 200 words in length. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced. Paraphrased and/or quoted materials must have accompanying in-text and reference citations in APA format.

OSHA’s air contaminant standards

Essay Questions See Description

Discuss whether you think OSHA’s air contaminant standards are important, and why. Do you think they are adequate to protect employees in the workplace from airborne contaminant hazards? Explain. and

 

Compare and contrast the training requirements in the Hazard Communication Standard (HAZCOM) (1910.1200) and the Lead Standard (1910.1025). If an employee is exposed to lead above the action level, would the training specified in the HAZCOM standard be adequate? Why, or why not?

Your response must be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.

Clean Air Act

SCI201: Phase 5 (IP) Environmental Science

As an environmentalist, you are very interested in how public opinion and economics play a role in determining how many and what type of environmental laws are passed. The research paper you prepare this week should be directed toward the general public to raise awareness of a particular environmental law, its reasons for being passed, and its economic impacts.

Start by writing a brief introduction to the topic of environmental law and its connection to economics.

 

Next, choose an environmental law. Clean Air Act

 

Address the following:

  • Description of the law
  • When was it passed?
  • What are the major provisions of the law?
  • What environmental problems motivated the writing of his law? Be as specific as possible.
  • What kinds of costs, fines, or economic benefits are associated with the law? Provide economic data to support this.
  • Discuss whether you feel that this particular environmental law has improved the environment or situation. Why or why not?

 

Be sure that all of these elements are included in your paper.

  • Section 1: Title Information
  • Section 2: Introduction
  • Section 3: Body of paper
  • Section 4: Conclusions
  • Section 5: Reference list

 

Must include at least 4 references and in-text citations (in APA style)

Double-spaced

1

-inch margins

12 point Times New Roman font

Municipal Solid Waste

SCI201 Individual Project

For this assignment, complete all of the sections on this worksheet, and submit it to the Submitted Assignments area of the classroom.

 

Municipal solid waste (MSW) is all of the garbage, refuse, trash, or junk that gets thrown away from homes and small businesses. All of this MSW is collected and taken away. Have you ever wondered where it goes? In the 1950s and 60s, it went to open dumps. In the 1970s, landfills were established, but there were problems, and today there is new legislation and technology to better manage this waste.

 

Introduction

A good paper should start with background information on the topic to be discussed, define important terms, and explain why the topic is important to the reader. For this assignment’s introduction, you will answer the following questions:

  1. What is municipal solid waste?
  2. How was waste dealt with before industrialization?
  3. Why did this process have to change?

 

Body of Paper

The body of your paper should consist of several paragraphs, one to address each of the main topics of your paper. For this week’s assignment, address the following points with at least 1 paragraph each:

  1. Describe an open dump. What environmental problems do open dumps cause?
  2. Describe an early landfill, and how these differ from open dumps. What problems are associated with early landfills? This should include a discussion of leachate, methane, incomplete decomposition, and settling.
  3. Describe a modern landfill. What are the differences as compared to early landfills?
  4. Choose 1 of the following landfills, and explain the innovations being implemented to make the landfill more productive and to reduce its environmental impact: Puente Hills Landfill, California

Conclusion

Below, write 1 paragraph summarizing the information above and what you learned from this assignment.

 

References

 

Include at least 3 references that you used in your assignment. Every reference in this list must be cited above as an in-text citation.  Paper must be in APA format.

Human Impact on Water

ENV 315 Week 2 Human Impact on Water

Resources: Tox Town Port and Ch. 5 of The Human Impact on the Natural Environment

Review the Tox Town Port materials located on the student website. Roll your mouse over the various areas of the port. Click on each area to discover the associated environmental concerns.

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper, including the following:

  • Identify three sources of water pollution affecting the Tox Town Port.
  • Explain how each source pollutes the water and the subsequent effects.
  • Identify two actions that ultimately contribute to coastal change and the type of change that is caused.
  • Based on the information provided in Tox Town and your text, summarize the effect humans have on water bodies.

Cite at least three references.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

 

 

700 words paper

4 sources in APA format

Global Warming, CO 2 , and You – Paper and Presentation

ENV 315 Week 3 Global Warming, CO 2 , and You – Paper and Presentation

Resource: Problem Set Six in Environmental Science,located on the student website

Complete questions 1–9 of Problem Set Six individually.

Share your answers with your Learning Team.

Write a 350- to 700-word paper as a team that covers the following:

  • The results of each team member’s individual energy usage
  • How the team’s combined energy usage contributes to the greenhouse effect
  • A change each team member can make to reduce emissions and save energy
  • Answer question 10 as a team by choosing one current controversy or issue concerning global warming.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Prepare a 7- to 10-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation, outlining the key components of the Global Warming, CO2, and You Paper.

  • For Local Campus students, these are 10- to 15-minute oral presentations accompanied by Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentations.
  • For Online and Directed Study students, these are Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentations with notes.

 

 

1000 words Paper

3 Sources in APA format

 

Number slides in the presentation: 10

Climate Zone Comparison

ENV 315 Week 3 Climate Zone Comparison

Complete the Climate Zone Worksheet.     (Climate Zone 6)

·         Choose one rural area listed below and one large urban area near your home.

o   Glaciers, the Amazon Rainforest, the Serengeti desert, polar ice caps, tundra, the Great Barrier Reef, pine forests, farmlands, or grasslands

·         Use the table below to list the following:

o   Key elements of each climate zone

o   Types of pollution found in each area

o   Six living organisms found in each area

o   Three landforms in each area

·         Compare how pollution affects the climate of each area.

Include the effects on living organisms and the physical environment

Population, Urbanization, and Animal Decline

ENV 315 Week 4 Population, Urbanization, and Animal Decline

Resource: Ch. 1 of The Human Impact on the Natural Environment

Prepare a 10- to 15-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation with 350- to 700- word notes examining how population trends lead to urbanization and animal decline.

  • Refer to Table 1.3 in Ch. 1 of The Human Impact on the Natural Environment, which lists the five stages of global economic development.
  • Examine the population trends in the two most recent stages of economic development:
  • The Atlantic industrial era
  • The Pacific global era
  • Compare the environmental conditions between these two eras and with what occurred in the first three stages of global economic development.
  • Explain how the population trends in these eras led to urbanization.
  • Choose one of the world’s urban agglomerations listed in Table 1.7.
  • Identify three environmental effects cause by urbanization in this area.
  • Identify a specific animal population decline that resulted from urbanization in this area.

Cite at least three references.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

 

600 words Paper

5 Sources in APA format

 

11 Slides Presentation

Future Climate Changes

ENV 315 Week 5 Future Climate Changes

Review the following scenario:

You are an environmental scientist reflecting on the climate changes that have and will occur throughout your lifetime.

Write a 700- to 1,050-word letter to a colleague describing the environmental conditions that occurred during the last decade and how these conditions will affect future climate changes.

  • Describe the environmental conditions that occurred during the last decade.
  • Speculate about the future climate changes that may occur.
  • Discuss how various aspects of the planet may look 50 years from now. What domino effect may occur because of continuous human impact on the environment?
  • Consider the human connection to hydrologic changes, how global warming will affect the main components of the cryosphere, and the subsequent effects that will cause changes in drylands.
  • Include details concerning what daily living may be like, available foods, effects on animal populations, and cultural changes.

Cite at least two references.

Format your letter consistent with APA guidelines

 

750 words

3 Sources

Handling Influx and Evacuation

Handling Influx and Evacuation

The ability to deal with the unexpected influx of patients is a key challenge in a disaster scenario. In order to be truly prepared, a healthcare organization must be ready to deal with the increased number of patients. In some cases, the military is also available to assist in dealing with the influx of patients. The military is highly trained and has a vast number of resources that most citizens are not aware of. They are equipped and have the skill-set and the mentality to respond efficiently to disasters.

Search some articles on civilian response to disaster situations and military disaster response process. Based on your research, answer the following questions:

  • Would you request the military to assist you in dealing with the influx of patients at the hospital? Why or why not? If yes, how would you use the military, and if no, what would you and your staff do to deal with the influx of patients?
  • How would you go about garnering the assistance of the military if the situation called for it?

Following Hurricane Katrina, a hospital needed to be evacuated because of the rising water. The evacuation was conducted in stages as the patients were moved to other safe hospitals in batches using a helicopter, an ambulance, and a boat. After four days, the evacuation was complete, thanks to a coordinated effort with other agencies such as the Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. In regard to the given scenario, answer the following questions:

  • What would have happened if the hospital had not been assisted by other agencies? Why?
  • How would you have addressed the situation? What would you include in your disaster plan to handle such a situation? How?

Conservationist Versus Agriculturalist

ENV 315 Week 1 Conservationist Versus Agriculturalist

Resources: Tox Town Farm and Ch. 2 & 4 of The Human Impact on the Natural Environment.

Review the Tox Town Farm materials located on the student website. A conservationist has complained about the methods used on this farm. Roll your mouse over the various areas of the farm. Click on each area to discover the associated environmental concerns.

Write a 350-word letter from the conservationist’s point of view.

  • Identify six negative effects the farm has on the environment.
  • Explain how the farm is altering the physical environment, including vegetation and soil quality.

Write a 350-word plan, acting as the farmer.

  • Use The Human Impact on the Natural Environment text to identify methodologies that may alleviate the conservationist’s concerns.
  • Explain the process of implementing the new methodologies, including cost-related issues.

Format the letter and plan consistent with APA guidelines.

 

Preparedness and Response to Bioterrorism

Preparedness and Response to Bioterrorism

There are different categories of weapons of mass effect—chemicals, biological pathogens and toxins, radioactive materials, nuclear devices, and nonconventional high-yield explosives. Out of these, biological weapons are used in a terrorism type called bioterrorism. According to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), there are the six focus areas for preparedness and response to bioterrorism and other outbreaks that are detrimental to public health.

On the basis of your understanding of the topic of bioterrorism and our preparedness to handle the health services requirement during any such attack, answer the following questions:

  • Which of the categories of weapons of mass effect is the healthcare industry most prepared to deal with? Why? Provide a factual basis for choosing the particular category of weapons. Which of these categories is the healthcare industry least prepared to deal with? Why?
  • What are the six focus areas, for preparedness and response to bioterrorism and other outbreaks, covered in your course textbook? Are these focus areas still relevant? Why or why not?
  • Research and explain the meaning of each focus area. Which focus area is the most important and why?
  • Which focus area would be the most challenging? And why?
  • Why is communication an important variable within calming fears and suppressing rumors?

Preparing for a bioterrorist attack presents unique challenges in the United States. There are no real wide-scale events you can study to prepare for a bioterrorist attack. In the absence of this experiential knowledge, training exercises are often used. Answer the following questions regarding the training exercises for preparation for bioterrorist attack:

  • Why are training exercises important in planning for a bioterrorist attack? How would you use training exercises to help prepare the staff of a hospital from a bioterrorist attack?
  • What are the benefits of real-life training scenarios involving multiple agencies?
  • Using the Internet, research on Amtrak’s “Operation Rail Safe” program. Would hospitals and medical centers benefit from a program of this nature to aid in their preparation?

Triage is a process developed by the military to cope with large number of victims of combat or disaster situations. In many disaster situations, it becomes necessary to triage patients in order to assess their medical needs and decide how to allocate the resources and staff available to treat the incoming patients. Using the Internet, research on nerve agent “sarin” and answer the following questions in regard to the above process:

  • What criteria would you use in the emergency room to triage patients with potential exposure to the nerve agent sarin?
  • How would you classify the incoming patients when triaging them? Why?

You are the chief executive officer (CEO) of a major hospital. A bioterrorist attack just occurred in your city. The ICS has been activated. Despite the infusion of this additional money provided by the government after the event of September 11, 2001, to the healthcare industry, in an effort to prepare the industry for a possible bioterrorist attack, some people feel that the healthcare industry in US is still unprepared for a bioterrorist attack. As a CEO, you need to assess the situation and prepare your hospital to deal with the situation.

Answer the following questions keeping in mind the above information:

  • Why is the use of an ICS in a hospital important when dealing with a bioterrorist attack? What are the most challenging issues associated with using an ICS in a hospital? Why?
  • As a healthcare administrator, how would you allocate money and why? How prepared do you think the healthcare industry is to handle a bioterrorist attack? Why or why not?

Your review should be of at least 7- to 8-page Microsoft Word document, not counting the cover page or the reference page.

Support your responses with reasoning and examples.

Cite any sources in APA format.

lift slab process and the safety significance using OSHA

Your company is building a new medical office building using the lift slab process.

Your company is building a new medical office building using the lift slab process. Using the OSHA website, describe four key elements with this process and the safety significance of the professional engineering. 200 word minimum with references/citations.

Importance of the Industrial Revolution Era and the ongoing Impact it has had on the Environment

Entry level Ecology essay 4 pages.

The Industrial Revolution, which began in the eighteenth century, has had an ongoing influence on society as well as the relationship between humans and their environment. With the onset of industrialization came the drastic increase in urbanization, setting up of factories in places which were once biomes, and the rapid development of land. All this occurred without assessing the long-term impact to the environment. Recognizing the importance of the Industrial Revolution era and the ongoing impact it has had on the environment is essential to learning how to help the environment and correct the damage of that era.

 

Using the readings for this module, the Argosy University online library resources, and the Internet, complete the following:

 

  • Identify three of the most environmentally negative impacts of the Industrial Revolution and justify your choices. For example, the invention of the automobile revolutionized travel in a positive manner. However, this invention is causing some of the biggest environmental problems as a result of the extensive use of oil extracted from the earth.
  • Examine how these three negative impacts changed the environment; list the mechanisms through which this happened. For example, factories caused an increase in pollution through the release of toxic waste, which led to diminished and lost fish populations in rivers.
  • Explain the effect of the environmental movement on the process of industrialization in the United States during the 1970’s.
  • Identify the laws passed to help ameliorate the environmental issues in the U.S. or around the world related to these three impacts. Have any laws been passed since this movement in the 1970’s? If there have been laws implemented, summarize the spirit of the law and comment on the effectiveness of the law.
  • Based on your research, examine whether the state of the environment has become worse or has improved as a result of these laws. If you think conditions have not improved, suggest solutions or steps that must be done to improve the situation.

 

Support your statements with appropriate examples and scholarly references. Be sure to include an additional page for references.

Write a 4–5-page paper in Word format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.

 

Environmental Science and Sustainability: Laboratory Course

SCI203-1502A-14: Environmental Science and Sustainability: Laboratory Course

Instructions: You will write a 1-page lab report using the scientific method. In this lab, you will see the time progression of impacts associated with either coal-fired or nuclear power plants for electricity generation to help you write up a scientific paper that centers on the following:

 

  • Given that the current 2 primary sources of electricity generation are coal and nuclear power plants, which of these sources is better for human sustainability?

 

Analyze Energy Sources Lab

Everything people do in their daily lives involves the consumption of resources—particularly energy. With respect to energy, electricity is one of the most important resources consumed and also one of the highest in demand. Traditionally, fossil fuels such as coal, natural gas, and oil have dominated the U.S. energy mix; however, as it is well-known, carbon-emitting energy sources are very detrimental to the environment and are contributing to global warming. Fortunately, alternative energy resources such as solar, wind, hydro, and geothermal power are becoming more efficient and prevalent in today’s energy economy.

 

Part I: Using the lab animation, fill in the data table below (DONE) to gather your data, and use it to help you generate your hypothesis, outcomes, and analysis.

 

Energy Source Fuel (Coal)/Uranium Needed (tons) CO2Emissions

(tons)

Sulfur Dioxide and Other Emissions (tons) Radioactivity mSv (millisievert) Solid Waste (tons) Accidents
Coal Q1 625,000 1.75mil 75,000 0.25 150,000 N/A
Coal Q2 1.25mil 3.5mil 150,000 0.5 300,000 Health Impairments
Coal Q3 1.875mil 5.25mil 225,000 0.75 450,000 Worker fatalities
Coal Q4 2.5mil 7mil 300,000 1 600,000 Fire Destruction
Nuclear Q1 18,750 / 7.5 52,500 0 0.0025 62.5 N/A
Nuclear Q2 37,500 / 15 105,000 0 0.005 125 N/A
Nuclear Q3 56,250 / 22.5 157,500 0 0.0075 187.5 Minor Emissions
Nuclear Q4 75,000 / 30 210,000 0 0.01 250 Catastrophic releases leading to radiation sickness, death, and environmental contamination

 

Part II: Write a 1-page lab report using the following scientific method sections:

  • Purpose
    • State the purpose of the lab.
  • Introduction
    • This is an investigation of what is currently known about the question being asked. Use background information from credible references to write a short summary about concepts in the lab. List and cite references in APA style.
  • Hypothesis/Predicted Outcome
    • A hypothesis is an educated guess. Based on what you have learned and written about in the Introduction, state what you expect to be the results of the lab procedures.
  • Methods
    • Summarize the procedures that you used in the lab. The Methods section should also state clearly how data (numbers) were collected during the lab; this will be reported in the Results/Outcome section.
  • Results/Outcome
    • Provide here any results or data that were generated while doing the lab procedure.
  • Discussion/Analysis
    • In this section, state clearly whether you obtained the expected results.  Also discuss the results and what you learned from this lab.
    • Note: You can use the lab data to help you discuss the results and what you learned.

Provide references in APA format. This includes a reference list and in-text citations for references used in the Introduction section.

 

Environmental Fundamentals Paper

ENV 100 Week 1 Individual Assignment Environmental Fundamentals Paper

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper in which you discuss the fundamental principles of environment science. In your paper, answer the following questions:
·How do you define environmental science?
·How does the relationship between science and technology affect environmental problems and solutions in today’s society?
·Why is the concept of environmental sustainability important, and why should it be studied? What are the historical patterns surrounding sustainable and unsustainable human interactions with the environment?
·In general, how do human values affect sustainability given current challenges facing society?
After reviewing the research on the environment, how do environmental hazards affect human health? Provide at least two examples.

Environmental Issues and the Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution, which began in the eighteenth century, has had an ongoing influence on society as well as the relationship between humans and their environment. With the onset of industrialization came the drastic increase in urbanization, setting up of factories in places which were once biomes, and the rapid development of land. All this occurred without assessing the long-term impact to the environment. Recognizing the importance of the Industrial Revolution era and the ongoing impact it has had on the environment is essential to learning how to help the environment and correct the damage of that era.

Using the readings for this module, the Argosy University online library resources, and the Internet, complete the following:

  • Identify three of the most environmentally negative impacts of the Industrial Revolution and justify your choices. For example, the invention of the automobile revolutionized travel in a positive manner. However, this invention is causing some of the biggest environmental problems as a result of the extensive use of oil extracted from the earth.
  • Examine how these three negative impacts changed the environment; list the mechanisms through which this happened. For example, factories caused an increase in pollution through the release of toxic waste, which led to diminished and lost fish populations in rivers.
  • Explain the effect of the environmental movement on the process of industrialization in the United States during the 1970s.
  • Identify the laws passed to help ameliorate the environmental issues in the U.S. or around the world related to these three impacts. Have any laws been passed since this movement in the 1970s? If there have been laws implemented, summarize the spirit of the law and comment on the effectiveness of the law.
  • Based on your research, examine whether the state of the environment has become worse or has improved as a result of these laws. If you think conditions have not improved, suggest solutions or steps that must be done to improve the situation.

Support your statements with appropriate examples and scholarly references. Be sure to include an additional page for references.

Write a 4–5-page paper in Word format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M1_A3.doc. For example, if your name is John Smith, your document will be named SmithJ_M1_A3.doc.tal Issues and the Industrial Revolution

Ecology Help

Demographic transition is the process in which a nation transitions from being a less industrialized society, with high birth and death rates, to an industrialized nation, with lower birth and death rates. Many countries have already been through this transition including the United States, England, and Canada.

The demographic transition to an industrialized society is detrimental for the environment because industrialized societies tend to use up nonrenewable resources and give off pollution. Industrialized nations have the largest ecological and carbon footprint relative to developing or nonindustrialized countries. Fortunately, there are some benefits to the process of demographic transition, including lower birth and death rates. Essentially, people in industrialized countries have fewer children and this in turn helps control the overall population size.

Demographic transition involves the following five stages:

Stage 1 High birth rate, high death rate, low population size
Stage 2

High birth rate, decreasing death rate, increasing population size

Stage 3 Decreasing birth rate, decreasing death rate, increasing population size
Stage 4 Low birth rate, low death rate, high population size
Stage 5 Low birth rate, low death rate, population size decreasing

It should be noted that stage 5 is controversial, and it is sometimes not considered to be a stage. This is partially because so few countries are at this stage.

The following graph depicts the various stages of demographic transition:

Using the stages listed above, create a demographic and environmental timeline for one industrialized country, excluding the United States. The following are a few suggested industrialized nations:

  • Canada
  • England
  • Germany
  • Russia
  • Italy

You can download the Demographic and Environmental Timeline—United States of America to review an example of such a timeline.

Include the following points in your timeline in order to examine the advantages and drawbacks of demographic transition in your selected country:

  • Major historical changes that caused the shift from one stage to another (if available).
  • Changing population size through time (increasing or decreasing).
  • Increase or decrease of birth and death rates through time—particularly when considering the process of industrialization.
  • Environmental impact of this transition.
  • Dates (if available), series of events, and scholarly references for these items.

Support your timeline with appropriate examples and a minimum of three credible resources.

Present your timeline in a media that best displays the information you researched. This can be in Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel, or Microsoft PowerPoint. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M2_A2.doc, LastnameFirstInitial_M2_A2.xls, or LastnameFirstInitial_M2_A2.ppt.

Environmental Health

What were the main pollutants that caused hazards to aquatic life?
How did these pollutants affect the health of aquatic life adversely?
What are the various ways to prevent occurrences of such episodes in the future? Explain how these ways will help in the prevention of such episodes.
Discuss the association between environmental pollution and hazards to aquatic life.
Please answer in question and answer format, with in-text citations and apa references
please. Simple in-depth answers no need for essay.