Business Law Research – HUD

Business Law Research – HUD

Visit and look at the Housing and Urban Development (HUD) website located at: http://www.hud.gov

Locate an article, document, or other material, from this site, which discusses one of the following:

  • Home purchase
  • Mortgage options
  • Planning issues
  • Business ownership
  • Procuring personal property
  • Community property

Discuss your findings in a 1-2 page paper, explaining the materials that you located, and how they relate to this week’s topic. Be sure to discuss any pertinent information relating to laws or regulations.

Be sure you cite your sources appropriately using APA formatting.

Submit your completed assignment to the drop box below. Please check the Course Calendar for specific due dates.

Save your assignment as a Microsoft Word document. (Mac users, please remember to append the “.doc” extension to the filename.) The name of the file should be your first initial and last name, followed by an underscore and the name of the assignment, and an underscore and the date. An example is shown below.

Jstudent_exampleproblem_101504

Need Help? Click here for complete drop box instructions.

Various Crimes Response

Various Crimes Response

Write a minimum 350-word response to the following questions:

  • With respect to homicides, how can the prosecution establish the corpus delicti in a murder case when the body of the victim cannot be found?
  • Why do federal criminal statutes figure so prominently in the context of white-collar offenses?
  • Would prostitution be more injurious or less injurious to public health, welfare, and morality if it were legalized and regulated?

Format your response consistent with APA guidelines.

Defense Response

Defense Response

Write a minimum 350-word response in which you answer the following:

  • Do the courts recognize battered woman syndrome as a defense to assaultive and homicidal crimes by a woman living with a man who continually abuses her?
  • What position does your state take on this issue?

Include a minimum of two to three points that logically support your statements.
Format your response consistent with APA guidelines.

health law

Part I: Violation of Pharmacist Guideline

“Most Medicare Prescription Drug Plans have a coverage gap (which is also called the “donut hole”). This means there is a temporary limit on what the drug plan will cover for drugs.” Click here to review and analyze additional information on coverage gap.

Now, analyze the following scenario.

A pharmacist submits Medicare claims for brand name medication instead of following the guidelines to provide the patients with the less expensive, generic medicines.

Respond to the following:

  • Which law, if any, is violated by the pharmacist?
  • By using the Internet, research and provide a similar real-life example.

Justify your answers with appropriate research and reasoning by using examples and references from textbooks, the South University Online Library, and other acceptable references. Cite sources in the APA format. Further, comment on the postings of at least two peers.

Part II: Breach of Contract

A contract consists of a voluntary agreement that two parties enter into with the intent of benefitting each other (Fremgen, 2012). Something of value, which is termed consideration, is part of the agreement (Fremgen, 2012). A contract can be either expressed or implied. An express contract is an agreement that clearly states all the terms. It can be entered into orally or in writing (Fremgen, 2012).

A breach of contract occurs when either party fails to comply with the terms of the agreement (Fremgen, 2012). For example, if a physician refuses to perform a medical procedure he or she had agreed to perform, the physician has breached the contract (Fremgen, 2012). If a patient does not pay an agreed-upon fee, then the patient breached the contract with the physician (Fremgen, 2012).

Now, respond to the following questions:

  • Find out your state’s current court decisions for breach of contract and provide an example of breach of contract affecting a hospital.
  • Review and describe the state’s methodology for addressing issues pertaining to such a breach of contract.
  • Describe how legal procedures have evolved over time to help reduce such occurrences.
  • Describe how the breach of contract you identified could have been avoided.

Justify your answers with appropriate research and reasoning by using examples cite sources in your work please as well as on the apa reference page.

ASHLEY CLAIRE

Assignment 1: What About the Contract?

Maynard, 18, was shopping for his first car. With a mere $4,000, he was hoping for a deal. He found a used convertible 1979 Mustang at Pierre’s Awesome Car Place for $5,000. Pierre claimed that the Mustang was “one of a kind” and “the best car in town.” He said “the engine and brakes are in tip-top shape.” Pierre even promised to bring the price down to $4,000, if Maynard agreed to buy it that very day.
Maynard immediately signed an agreement that contained an “as-is” clause and drove off in the car. Two days later, the brakes failed while driving and Maynard crashed into a tree. The front of the car was damaged and Maynard sustained mild injuries. Infuriated, Maynard immediately towed the vehicle back to Pierre’s and confronted him. Pierre shrugged it off, saying, “Too bad, bad brakes or not, you agreed to the “as-is” clause in the contract!”
Now Maynard does not know what to do. He has lost two weeks of work pay due to the injury, a damaged car that cost him $4,000, and physical pain and mental trauma. To make things worse, Maynard discovered the car’s fair market value was actually only $1,500 at the time of the purchase.
Research contract concepts related to formation and defenses to enforcement using your textbook, the Argosy University online library resources, and the Internet. Based on the facts of the case and your research, respond to the following questions:

  • Was a valid contract formed between Pierre’s and Maynard? Explain.
  • If a valid contract was formed, does Maynard have any arguments to have his money refunded?
  • What are Maynard’s rights under the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) with respect to the “as-is” agreement he signed?
  • What damages, if any, can Maynard sue Pierre’s for?
  • Discuss any ethical issues concerning Pierre’s behavior.

By Saturday, December 5, 2015, post your response to the appropriate Discussion Area. Through Wednesday, December 9, 2015, review and comment on at least two peers’ responses.

Research Strategies in Law and Society

This assignment requires you to evaluate two socio-legal research articles on the same (or related) topic. The articles must present 2 different research methodologies (e.g. quantitative, qualitative or mixed methods).  PERFERBABLY PROSTIUTION
 

  • You will begin by searching for two research articles on a socio-legal topics

 

  • For each article you will conduct an evaluation of the structure of the article and research methodologies employed.

 

  • You will consider such items as the introduction (literature review, study purpose), the method (qualitative/ quantitative/ mixed method, sample selection, instruments of the study), study sample (and its implications) and the results (findings, limitations, and implications of the study).

 

  •  In your analysis, please compare and contrast each article and identify strengths and/or weaknesses of the methodology employed in the study.

 

  • Your critiques will be written in essay format and will be 9 pages long (double spaced, not including your bibliography)
  • APA style… In first person… Personal response… Ask yourself the question was the article informative?
  • Brief summary of each article
  • Do not choose an argumentative article.

 
Note:  In addition to the film shown in class (“How to Read and understand a research study”), information on critiquing a research article is available in Michael Holosko’s work, “Primer for Critiquing Social Research”
 
Qualitative Research is primarily exploratory research.  It is used to gain an understanding of underlying reasons, opinions, and motivations. It provides insights into the problem or helps to develop ideas or hypotheses for potential quantitative research. Qualitative Research is also used to uncover trends in thought and opinions, and dive deeper into the problem. Qualitative data collection methods vary using unstructured or semi-structured techniques. Some common methods include focus groups (group discussions), individual interviews, and participation/observations. The sample size is typically small, and respondents are selected to fulfill a given quota.
 
Quantitative Research is used to quantify the problem by way of generating numerical data or data that can be transformed into useable statistics. It is used to quantify attitudes, opinions, behaviors, and other defined variables – and generalize results from a larger sample population. Quantitative Research uses measurable data to formulate facts and uncover patterns in research. Quantitative data collection methods are much more structured than Qualitative data collection methods. Quantitative data collection methods include various forms of surveys – online surveys, paper surveys, mobile surveys and kiosk surveys, face-to-face interviews, telephone interviews, longitudinal studies, website interceptors, online polls, and systematic observations.

Legal and Ethical assignment

Legal and Ethical Considerations in Marketing, Product Safety, and Intellectual Property

You are a new associate at the law firm of Dewey, Chetum, and Howe. John, a former researcher at PharmaCARE, comes to your office. He has concerns about PharmaCARE’s use of AD23, one of the company’s top-selling diabetes drugs. Two (2) years ago, after PharmaCARE’s research indicated that AD23 might also slow the progression of Alzheimer’s disease, John and his team of pharmacists began reformulating the drug to maximize that effect. In order to avoid the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) scrutiny, PharmaCARE established a wholly-owned subsidiary, CompCARE, to operate as a compounding pharmacy to sell the new formulation to individuals on a prescription basis. CompCARE established itself in a suburban office park near its parent’s headquarters. To conserve money and time, CompCARE did a quick, low-cost renovation.

CompCARE benefited from PharmaCARE’s reputation, databases, networks, and sales and marketing expertise, and within six (6) months had the medical community buzzing about AD23. Demand soared, particularly among Medicare, Medicaid, and Veterans Affairs patients. Seeing the opportunity to realize even more profit, CompCARE began advertising AD23 directly to consumers and marketing the drug directly to hospitals, clinics, and physician offices, even though compounding pharmacies are not permitted to sell drugs in bulk for general use. To circumvent this technicality, CompCARE encouraged doctors to fax lists of fictitious patient names to CompCARE. PharmaCARE sold CompCARE to WellCo, a large drugstore chain, just weeks before AD23 was publicly linked to over 200 cardiac deaths.

As CompCARE and its new parent company enjoyed record profits and PharmaCARE’s stock price approached $300 per share, reports started surfacing that people who received AD23 seemed to be suffering heart attacks at an alarming rate. The company ignored this data and continued filling large orders and paying huge bonuses to all the executives and managers, including John, whose wife recently died from a heart attack after using AD23.

John has come to you with an internal company memo describing the potential problems with AD23, and information describing the company’s willingness “roll the dice” and continue to market the drug.

Your senior partner has asked you to write a memo outlining the following issues for review by the senior partners.

In preparation for this assignment, use the Internet or Strayer Library to research examples of intellectual property theft that occurred within the past two (2) years.

Write an eight to ten (8-10) page paper in which you:

  • Research three to five (3-5) ethical issues relating to marketing and advertising, intellectual property, and regulation of product safety and examine whether PharmaCARE violated any of the issues in question.

  • Argue for or against Direct-to-Consumer (DTC) marketing by drug companies. Provide support for your response.

  • Determine the parties responsible for regulating compounding pharmacies under the current regulatory scheme, the actions that either these parties or the FDA could / should have taken in this scenario, and whether PharmaCARE could face legal exposure surrounding its practices. Support your response.

  • Analyze the manner in which PharmaCARE used U.S. law to protect its own intellectual property and if John has any claim to being the true “inventor” of AD23. Suggest at least three (3) ways the company could compensate John for the use of his intellectual property.

  • Summarize at least one (1) current example (within the past two [2] years) of intellectual property theft, and examine the effect on that company’s brand.

  • Analyze the potential issue surrounding the death of John’s wife and other potential litigants against PharmaCARE as a result of AD23.

  • Specify both the major arguments that John can make to claim that he is a whistleblower and the type of protections that he should be afforded. Justify your response.

  • Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia is not an acceptable reference and proprietary Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

 

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA

  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length

Case study

Case study

Rubric for Case Study Paper
Each student will be required to submit a case study on a violent criminal or criminals.  Emphasis should be on the background of the individuals studied and the criminal act(s) or the motivation(s) for the violent acts.
During the course, you will have learned that many theories on criminal behavior overlap, and that it is not uncommon for more than one theory toexplain why the criminal act(s) occurred.   Your paper should apply these theories of criminal behavior to the subject’s life history.
 
 

 
Criteria
Ratings
% Novice Basic Proficient Exceptional
The paper clearly discussed the factors or influences that led to the violent crime(s). 25%        
The paper applied the appropriate criminal behavior theories to the individual(s) studied. (Opinion) 15%        
The paper made a connection between the selected offense(s)/criminal(s) and the historical or social framework of the act(s). 10%        
Grammar, spelling, and syntax were appropriate to the college level 15%        
Typed in a double-spaced APA format with citations and references – including in-text citations.   Length 7-11 pages. 20%        
The paper used an appropriate number of acceptable sources. Wikipedia is not an acceptable or reputable source.  (Minimum of 4 sources)

Legal and Ethical Considerations in Marketing, Product Safety, and Intellectual Property

Assignment 4: Legal and Ethical Considerations in Marketing, Product Safety, and Intellectual Property
 
You are a new associate at the law firm of Dewey, Chetum, and Howe. John, a former researcher at PharmaCARE, comes to your office. He has concerns about PharmaCARE’s use of AD23, one of the company’s top-selling diabetes drugs. Two (2) years ago, after PharmaCARE’s research indicated that AD23 might also slow the progression of Alzheimer’s disease, John and his team of pharmacists began reformulating the drug to maximize that effect. In order to avoid the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) scrutiny, PharmaCARE established a wholly-owned subsidiary, CompCARE, to operate as a compounding pharmacy to sell the new formulation to individuals on a prescription basis. CompCARE established itself in a suburban office park near its parent’s headquarters. To conserve money and time, CompCARE did a quick, low-cost renovation.
CompCARE benefited from PharmaCARE’s reputation, databases, networks, and sales and marketing expertise, and within six (6) months had the medical community buzzing about AD23. Demand soared, particularly among Medicare, Medicaid, and Veterans Affairs patients. Seeing the opportunity to realize even more profit, CompCARE began advertising AD23 directly to consumers and marketing the drug directly to hospitals, clinics, and physician offices, even though compounding pharmacies are not permitted to sell drugs in bulk for general use. To circumvent this technicality, CompCARE encouraged doctors to fax lists of fictitious patient names to CompCARE. PharmaCARE sold CompCARE to WellCo, a large drugstore chain, just weeks before AD23 was publicly linked to over 200 cardiac deaths.
As CompCARE and its new parent company enjoyed record profits and PharmaCARE’s stock price approached $300 per share, reports started surfacing that people who received AD23 seemed to be suffering heart attacks at an alarming rate. The company ignored this data and continued filling large orders and paying huge bonuses to all the executives and managers, including John, whose wife recently died from a heart attack after using AD23.
John has come to you with an internal company memo describing the potential problems with AD23, and information describing the company’s willingness “roll the dice” and continue to market the drug.
Your senior partner has asked you to write a memo outlining the following issues for review by the senior partners.
In preparation for this assignment, use the Internet or Strayer Library to research examples of intellectual property theft that occurred within the past two (2) years.
Write an eight to ten (8-10) page paper in which you:

  1. Research three to five (3-5) ethical issues relating to marketing and advertising, intellectual property, and regulation of product safety and examine whether PharmaCARE violated any of the issues in question.
  2. Argue for or against Direct-to-Consumer (DTC) marketing by drug companies. Provide support for your response.
  3. Determine the parties responsible for regulating compounding pharmacies under the current regulatory scheme, the actions that either these parties or the FDA could / should have taken in this scenario, and whether PharmaCARE could face legal exposure surrounding its practices. Support your response.
  4. Analyze the manner in which PharmaCARE used U.S. law to protect its own intellectual property and if John has any claim to being the true “inventor” of AD23. Suggest at least three (3) ways the company could compensate John for the use of his intellectual property.
  5. Summarize at least one (1) current example (within the past two [2] years) of intellectual property theft, and examine the effect on that company’s brand.
  6. Analyze the potential issue surrounding the death of John’s wife and other potential litigants against PharmaCARE as a result of AD23.
  7. Specify both the major arguments that John can make to claim that he is a whistleblower and the type of protections that he should be afforded. Justify your response.
  8. Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia is not an acceptable reference and proprietary Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Analyze and assess legal and ethical restraints on marketing and advertising, relative to both consumers and organizations.
  • Analyze and evaluate laws and regulations relative to product safety and liability.
  • Explore copyright laws and intellectual property rights and assess how well they balance competing interests.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in law, ethics, and corporate governance.
  • Write clearly and concisely about law, ethics, and corporate governance using proper writing mechanics.

Trends within Criminal Justice

Trends within Criminal Justice

 

What examples of criminal justice trends exist?

 

How can the examples offered be defined as “trends?”

 

Ensure supporting proof exists related to your response.

 

These are discussion questions need to have references to support response.

 

Inappropriate Behavior

Inappropriate Behavior

Assignment 1: LASA 2: Inappropriate Behavior

Marwan has worked at Studio Five Theme Park as a character actor portraying a swash-buckling pirate. He does not have an employment contract.  He loves his job because of his seniority with the company and all the attention he receives from the guests in the park. Unknown to anyone, his prosthetic leg has no noticeable impact on Marwan’s success in this position.

Marwan has become an accomplished flirt with all this attention, and now goes to the extent of placing his hands on the female guests’ behinds when posing for pictures. The women he has encountered so far have not complained, didn’t seem to mind, or they were taken by such surprise they were not sure how to respond.

One day, Marwan grabbed the breast of one of his fellow female actors who had been recently hired. When she threatened to report him, Marwan told her that he could get her fired if she did not go on a date with him. The fellow employee reported the incident anyway and Marwan was terminated immediately. Marwan contends that he was terminated as a result of physical disability.

Directions:

Research employment law related to hiring/firing and discrimination, using your textbook, the Argosy University online library resources, and the Internet. Based on the facts of the case and research, write an analytical paper. In the paper, respond to the following questions:

  • What civil rights laws may prohibit Marwan’s conduct with his fellow co-worker? Do those laws apply to his conduct toward the park guest?  Explain both answers.
  • Did Marwan commit sexual harassment? If so, what type? Explain your answers and the terms you use.
  • What is the legal nature of Marwan’s employment?  Explain your answers and the terms you use.
  • What actions and steps should Studio Five take against Marwan? Explain what actions you considered and why you either recommend them or reject them.
  • Discuss Marwan’s allegation that he is being discriminated against based on his disability and what response Studio Five may have to that allegation. What would each of them have to prove in court?
  • If the female employee sues Studio Five Theme Park, what defenses can Studio Five use?   Are they liable for Marwan’s conduct even if they were unaware of and did not approve of Marwan’s actions? Explain your answers and the terms you use.
  • If Marwan was a member of a union that had a collective bargaining agreement with Studio Five, would that change any of your previous answers? If so, why?
  • What types of company policies, procedures, and actions should businesses employ to avoid harassment of their employees?

Write a ten-page paper in Word format. Apply APA standards for writing style to your work.

Submit your assignment to the M5: Assignment 1 Dropbox by Monday, August 24, 2015.

Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M5_A1.doc.

Employment law Questions

There are a total of 9 questions: 6 in employment law and 3 in accounting. They should be completed today. These questions are not related and should be answered separately with the correlating question number on top. In addition, the answers should be no more than a paragraph or so. References are required.

Q1

 

A bank in a small town is concerned with the perception of its employees by customers and others in the community. Branch managers are responsible for both the running of the branches and building community relationships. The bank decides that it needs to determine if certain personal habits are creating a negative perception towards customers. The bank decides to monitor its branch manager’s off-duty activities in order to determine if this is creating concerns for the bank. Is the bank legally permitted to carry through this action? Does this constitute an invasion of privacy?

 

Q2

 

As human resource leaders, future and present, your mandate is recruit, hire and retain a highly qualified workforce–a workforce that is not qualified by virtue of training and experience, but a workforce of integrity–honest, drug free, physically and emotionally healthy.

Pre-employment testing of one form or another has been a part of American business since the early 1950’s. What kind of pre-employment testing is valid and contributes to overall company performance? Are there any kinds of testing that either should be barred or are capable of being used inappropriately?

 

Q3

 

There are many individuals who use social media sites indiscriminately and do not consider the consequences of their interactions with others or what is posted. Even when they may not identify themselves with an employer, there are others who may access the site who know them personally and may reveal their employer in their postings. In addition, some employers may access their employees’ personal sites out of curiosity or may have a legitimate reason to question the site’s content. Is this invading the employee’s privacy or is it a right of the employer since they may be able to view only what is “public” on the site?

 

Q4

 

Retaliation has been the number one filed EEOC complaint now since 2010, surpassing racial and sexual harassment and discrimination for the first time then, and since then. Often, disciplinary actions result in EEOC filings. Discipline is an area of Human Resources that can certainly create the potential for legal liability for employers. What are some good guidelines to follow? What are some pitfalls to avoid? How might valid policies be structured and investigations be handled to ensure that retaliation complaints do not result from disciplinary actions?

 

Q5

 

Employees are becoming increasingly concerned with their rights to pursue a private life free from employer incursion. Technology advances make monitoring of employee workspaces, e-mail, even key strokes entered on a computer traceable. Drug habits are documented to cost employers $60 billion per year in absenteeism and attrition; theft of employer property by employees another $10 billion per annum.

Federal government employees are protected somewhat by the Privacy Act of ’74. But do employees in the private sector have protection against intrusion into their workspace and private lives? Do any of the common law tort remedies offer the potential of privacy rights for private sector employees? Support your response.

 

Q6

 

Since email is becoming the most common form of “written” communication today, it is important that employers recognize the both the value and the liability of these employment “records”. There are records retention requirements for a number of employment records. For example job applications must be maintained for a specific period of time in accordance with EEOC regulations for use in EEOC investigations. Pay records must be kept for a specific period of time since back pay claims can be retroactive for a specific number of years. Do you think that employers should have a policy on the retention of employee email communication beyond the termination date of the employee? If so, why and how long should the records be retained?

Q7

 

Class, let’s start with a discussion on current financial disclosures. Should financial statement disclosures be greater? What are the pros and cons for the increased financial information being disclosed by public companies on their company’s Internet websites? Please let me know if you have any questions

 

Q8

 

Now how do you distinguish between Financial Reporting for GAAP, and full Disclosure.  What is Management Discussion and Analysis.  Access a public company annual report and analyze its M&A section and how it helps the investors in their decision making process. Please let me know if you have any questions

 

Q9

 

MD&A section of the annual report is an opportunity for the management to express their plans and provide future guidance and it is a good place for the investors to assess in what direction the management plans to take the company in future.   Now let’s discuss about the interim reporting. Do you think interim reporting enhances the quality of information or it distorts the quality of information? Please let me know if you have any questions

 

onstitutional rights of prisoners held in abeyance during the time they are on probation or parole

In your position as a parole officer, you feel as if you are making a difference in a person’s life. You knew that you would never be a police officer and here, you feel that you have more power than a police officer and you have a great criminal justice career. The Chief Probation Officer wants you to give a presentation concerning the topics and questions listed below, but first, she wants you to submit a paper of 2–3 pages containing a discussion of the topics and questions listed below.

 

The constitutional rights of prisoners may be held in abeyance during the time they are on probation or parole. They do not have the opportunity to interact with others who are also on probation and parole. The inmate, although on probation or parole, is still under the care, control, and custody of the department of corrections. One of the stipulations of his or her parole may be to refrain from interaction or contact with any other person who is a known felon. Why is this?

What if this person whom he or she is contacting was a family member? Why can some material that would normally be forbidden under the exclusionary rule be used to return a prisoner to prison or jail?

how the treatment methods are affecting social rehabilitation of offenders.

In this assignment, you will examine the 3 social sectors (housing, employment, and training and support) and analyze how the treatment methods are affecting social rehabilitation of offenders.

Assignment Guidelines:

  • Address the following in 3–5 paragraphs:
    • Is total social rehabilitation possible? In other words, can an offender completely renew himself or herself and reenter society? Why or why not?
    • As an employer, would you be hesitant about hiring an individual with a history of crime or incarceration?
      • What factors would contribute to your decision-making process?
    • Do you believe it is possible to actually determine whether or not an offender has been successfully rehabilitated? Why or why not?
    • What do you think should be the final test of successful rehabilitation? How would it be effective?

    APA FORMAT. 3 PARAGRAPHS. REFERENCES CITED THROUGHOUT. REFERENCE PAGE

offender rehabilitation treatments

offender rehabilitation treatments

Common Assignment: Written assignment on strategies for classifying and treating offenders (8 PAGES TOTAL)

Based on the seven (7) types of offender rehabilitation treatments:

  • Psychological
  • Behavior
  • Social
  • Educational/vocational
  • Substance abuse
  • Sex offender
  • Religious

How should offenders and treatment needs be determined and classified?

These programs have been proven to assist numerous offender populations, but there are no clear guidelines that address how or when they should be implemented within correctional institutions. In this assignment, students will select 5 of the 7 types of rehabilitative treatments to analyze and discuss.

Assignment Guidelines

  • Select five (5) of the rehabilitative treatment types from the list above.
  • Write 5-6 pages that address the following:
    • The name and purpose of each selected rehabilitative treatment
    • The scope of the treatments
      • What conditions or problems do the programs aim to treat?
      • What are the limitations of the programs?
      • What type(s) of offenders should be treated?
      • How you classify offenders and treatment needs?
    • The effectiveness of the programs within your rehabilitative treatment categories
      • What types of offenders are ideal candidates for these types of treatments?
      • Be sure to use examples to support your explanation.

In 3-4 additional pages, discuss the impact that one of your selected rehabilitative treatments has had on the field of corrections and society’s view of offender rehabilitation within the last 10 years.

 

APA FORMAT. REFERENCE PAGE, REFERENCES CITED THROUGHOUT THE PAPER. ABSTRACT. 8 PAGES TOTAL.

Drug Program.

Drug Program.

You are developing a new drug program for prison inmates. You are required to make the program similar to programs for non-incarcerated adult males. Putting together all the elements of a drug abuse program will include but not be limited to: Screening, Testing, Diagnosis, Assessment, Referral, Group Therapy, Individual Therapy, 12-step groups

You supervisor needs you to identify, describe, and justify the elements you will want to utilize in the program as well as a list of why it is necessary or important to the recovery of the inmates in your program. Use the following list as a guide.

Assignment Guidelines

  • Address the following in 4–5 pages:
    • For each of the items in the list below, address the following three questions:
      • Briefly describe and summarize this activity/process.
      • How would you utilize it in the prison setting? Explain.
      • Why is this activity/process important to drug addiction treatment and recovery?
    • The list is as follows:
      • Screening
      • Testing
      • Diagnosis
      • Assessment
      • Referral
      • Group Therapy
      • Individual Therapy
      • 12-step groups

       

      APA FORMAT. REFERENCE PAGE. 5 SOURCES CITED THROUGHOUT THE PAPER. 4 PAGES

Inmates Malingering

Inmates at the prison you work in like the drug program because it gives them extra perks that they cannot get anywhere else. It is important that the inmates not malinger in order to gain access to the program because it is limited to those with actual addictions and those who desire a real recovery.

Assignment Guidelines

  • In 5–7 paragraphs, address the following:
    • In your own words, define the term malingering.
    • Do you feel it is important to screen out malingering inmates who only want the program for the perks? Why or why not?
    • Regardless of your stance on the question above, how would you be able to screen out malingering inmates?
    • Besides perks of enrollment, what other strategies do you feel would be effective in enticing inmates to enroll in drug abuse and addiction treatment programs? Explain why?
    • What do you think are the advantages and disadvantages of individual counseling for drug abuse and addiction on incarcerated individuals? Explain.
    • What do you think are the advantages and disadvantages of group counseling for drug abuse and addiction on incarcerated individuals? Explain.

    APA FORMAT. 5 PARAGRAPHS. REFERENCES CITED THROUGHOUT. REFERENCE LIST.

Elements of a contract

Elements of a contract

Memo

Task Type: Individual Project   Deliverable Length: 800–1,250 word Memo

 

Weekly tasks or assignments (Individual or Group Projects) will be due by Monday and late submissions will be assigned a late penalty in accordance with the late penalty policy found in the syllabus. NOTE: All submission posting times are based on midnight Central Time.

 

Library Research Assignment

 

Your supervisor has just met with a potential new client. You and two of your coworkers will be working directly with this client in helping to create and execute contracts. To refresh your skills and memory on contracts, your supervisor has asked you to write a memo to provide to your coworkers and supervisor discussing the following information:

 

Identify, define, and discuss the 6 elements of a contract, providing examples to help further the understanding of each element.

Conduct research online or in the library to find a case involving a contract dispute regarding one or more of the elements of a contract, and provide the following:

Citation

Summary

Analysis of the case, including information on the specific elements involved in the dispute, as well as the outcome of the case

Discuss your opinion on the outcome of the case. Do you agree with the court’s decision?

Additionally, to help prepare for the Phase 4 and 5 IP (review the assignment for details), briefly (200 words) define a contractual concern related to the business you would like to start.

International Crime Witness

Assignment 3 International Crime Witness

After providing your report to the professor in Assignment 2, the country’s governing body asks you to return to the country (Saudi Arabia) and testify in the court proceedings. While you are abroad, your professor asks you to report on the court proceedings and correctional system.

 

 

 

Use the Internet databases to research court proceedings and the correctional system in the same country (Saudi Arabia) you selected in Assignment 2.

 

 

 

Write a three to five (3-5) page paper in which you:

 

  1. Analyze both the court system’s likely view on the accused’s rights, as well as the court system’s likely treatment of the defendant during trial proceedings. Provide support for the analysis.
  2. Assuming the accused is ultimately sentenced to a term of imprisonment, depict the most likely experience the defendant will have within the country’s prison system. Provide justification for your view of the country’s prison system.
  3. Expose two (2) ethical concerns you witnessed regarding the country’s court and correctional systems.
  4. Provide one (1) recommendation for change within each of the systems (court and correctional). Provide justification for the recommendations.
  5. Use at least four (4) quality references. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

 

 

 

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

 

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

Contracts

Ted is a motorbike dealer. On Monday, he placed an advertisement in a local newspaper offering to sell a new Honda motorbike for £8,000. The advertisement stated that payments can be made by cash only. Charlie saw the advertisement on Wednesday. He instantly replied by posting a letter that he would take the bike for £7,000 and would be paying full price by cheque. In his reply, he duly gave his contact details including his office fax number. On Friday, Ted replied by fax: ‘Cash preferred for advertised amount. The bike will be yours for £8,000 unless I hear from you to the contrary by Tuesday morning’.

Consider both case scenarios:

1. Charlie decided to buy the bike elsewhere. He immediately posted a rejection letter. Due to his carelessness in wrongly addressing the letter, Ted has never received it. Ted arranged for delivery of the bike to Charlie’s office on Wednesday morning asking for the price. Charlie refused to take it claiming there was no contract.

Advise Ted whether or not contract was made. Refer to existing court decisions to support your advice. Discuss fully reasons that support your conclusions.

2. Charlie decided to get the bike. He has not been in touch with Ted but he has contacted his bank manager on Monday morning to arrange a loan to purchase the bike. On Sunday, Ted changed his mind and sold the bike to John, Ted’s best friend. On the same day, John called Charlie to tell him about the bargain he has just made. Charlie phoned Ted on Tuesday morning requesting delivery of the bike. Ted refused to deliver claiming there was no contract.

Advise Charlie whether or not contract was made. Refer to existing court decisions to support your advice. Discuss fully reasons that support your conclusions.

environmental laws

Legal Analysis

  • Do any of the environmental laws from the eGuide apply to this case?
    • If they do apply, analyze the legality of the government’s actions in this case.

    • If the laws do not apply to the actions in this case, explain why they do not apply.

Ethical Analysis

  • If the decision maker applied the categorical imperative theory in this case, what would the result be, and why?

  • If the decision maker applied the utilitarian theory in this case, what would the result be, and why?

  • If the decision maker applied the rights theory in this case, what would the result be, and why?

  • If the decision maker applied the justice theory in this case, what would the result be, and why?

How a juvenile can be transferred to adult court

transfer to adult court

Write a 750 – 1000 word, APA style paper, discussing how a juvenile can be transferred to adult court.

In your paper answer the following:

  • What are some of the characteristics of juveniles transferred to criminal court?
  • Based on the theories learned in week 2, what theory would best explain how to overcome these challenges?

In your paper include a title sheet and 2-3 references. No foreign references, Proper citations

BUSINESS LAW “CASES”

BUSINESS LAW “CASES”

Select TWO of the three case studies. 

Support responses with examples, the law, and/or text materials, and use APA formatting in the paper

 

 

Case Study 1

Blanche, Rose and Dorothy formed a partnership, Retirement Living, to provide temporary housing for elderly people in the Miami area.  One of the temporary residents set fire to the house, which resulted in the loss of the entire building and contents.  One of the residents, Sophia, sued Retirement Living and obtained a judgment of $ 50,000 against it, but the partnership could not pay the judgment.

    1. What are Sophia’s options if the Retirement Living partnership cannot pay the $50,000?

 

    1. Will Sophia win if she tries to collect the entire debt from Blanche?

 

  1. What are Blanche’s options if Sophia sues her for the entire debt?

Analyze the case studies, respond to each of the three questions, and support your responses with the applicable law and/or text materials.

 

 

Case Study 2

McCoy, Spock and Kirk are interested in going into business together.  McCoy inherited a great deal of money from his friend, Scotty.  Spock is an award-winning salesman with a marketing degree from State University and worked for five years as a senior sales manager in a large automobile manufacturing corporation.  Kirk is an engineer who has developed a vehicle that will, according to him, “allow people to boldly go where no man has gone before.”  Kirk, Spock and McCoy believe a general partnership is the best form of business for the trio.  Do you agree?  Provide the advantages and disadvantages of their selection and then discuss two other options that might be more appropriate for the group.  Conclude your paper by making a recommendation for the most appropriate choice. Support your answer with the applicable law and/or text material.

 

 

Case Study 3

The Conners family operates a small transportation service for the elderly to take them to doctor’s appointments, grocery shopping and other errands.  The three (3) adult members of the Conners family, Dan, Roseanne and Jackie, would like to become a corporation and obtain limited liability; however, taxation at the corporate level would be very costly for them.  If possible, Roseanne would rather be taxed as a partnership.  Dan is worried about the additional paperwork and meetings that incorporation would surely bring.  Jackie does not want a large board of directors to be formed.  Jackie fears that the board would somehow detract from the family goals and orientation the business has always enjoyed.  In light of these concerns, is there a corporate form or other type of business organization that would better suit the Conners family?  Explain the options, select the best option for the Conners and justify your selection with the applicable law and/or text materials.

Support responses with examples, the law, and/or text materials, and use APA formatting in the paper

BUSINESS LAW "CASES"

BUSINESS LAW “CASES”

Select TWO of the three case studies. 
Support responses with examples, the law, and/or text materials, and use APA formatting in the paper
 
 

Case Study 1

Blanche, Rose and Dorothy formed a partnership, Retirement Living, to provide temporary housing for elderly people in the Miami area.  One of the temporary residents set fire to the house, which resulted in the loss of the entire building and contents.  One of the residents, Sophia, sued Retirement Living and obtained a judgment of $ 50,000 against it, but the partnership could not pay the judgment.

    1. What are Sophia’s options if the Retirement Living partnership cannot pay the $50,000?

 

    1. Will Sophia win if she tries to collect the entire debt from Blanche?

 

  1. What are Blanche’s options if Sophia sues her for the entire debt?

Analyze the case studies, respond to each of the three questions, and support your responses with the applicable law and/or text materials.
 
 

Case Study 2

McCoy, Spock and Kirk are interested in going into business together.  McCoy inherited a great deal of money from his friend, Scotty.  Spock is an award-winning salesman with a marketing degree from State University and worked for five years as a senior sales manager in a large automobile manufacturing corporation.  Kirk is an engineer who has developed a vehicle that will, according to him, “allow people to boldly go where no man has gone before.”  Kirk, Spock and McCoy believe a general partnership is the best form of business for the trio.  Do you agree?  Provide the advantages and disadvantages of their selection and then discuss two other options that might be more appropriate for the group.  Conclude your paper by making a recommendation for the most appropriate choice. Support your answer with the applicable law and/or text material.
 
 

Case Study 3

The Conners family operates a small transportation service for the elderly to take them to doctor’s appointments, grocery shopping and other errands.  The three (3) adult members of the Conners family, Dan, Roseanne and Jackie, would like to become a corporation and obtain limited liability; however, taxation at the corporate level would be very costly for them.  If possible, Roseanne would rather be taxed as a partnership.  Dan is worried about the additional paperwork and meetings that incorporation would surely bring.  Jackie does not want a large board of directors to be formed.  Jackie fears that the board would somehow detract from the family goals and orientation the business has always enjoyed.  In light of these concerns, is there a corporate form or other type of business organization that would better suit the Conners family?  Explain the options, select the best option for the Conners and justify your selection with the applicable law and/or text materials.
Support responses with examples, the law, and/or text materials, and use APA formatting in the paper

Female Offending

Female Offending

The number of females involved in juvenile offending has seen and increase in the last 10 to 20 years.

  • Write a 750 – 1000 word, APA sytyle page paper discussing the characteristics associated with the typical female juvenile offender.

In your paper answer the following question:

  • What factors have contributed to the growing number of females coming into the juvenile justice system?

In your paper include a title sheet and 2-3 references. Only one reference may be found on the internet. The other references must be found in the Grantham University online library.

interrogations

interrogations_m5

Assignment 1: LASA 2: Interviewing/Interrogating for the Robbery at the Centervale Grocery Emporium

While on patrol with the Centervale Police Department (CPD) you are dispatched to a robbery in progress at the Centervale grocery store. You arrive to find the suspects have fled the scene. There are several witnesses inside the store including customers and two store employees. Obviously shaken, they are huddled together discussing the robbery. You know that taking witnesses’ statements is a critical piece of any investigation because witnesses often hold valuable information about the incident and critical evidence. Further, witnesses also have first-hand knowledge that can be helpful in narrowing the scope towards apprehending a suspect and the eventual successful prosecution of a case. After calling in a Be on the lookout (BOLO) for the suspects and their vehicle, you proceed by separating the three witnesses inside the store in order to appropriately conduct interviews: Cashier—Connie Cousins; Maintenance manager—Larry Sweeney; and Customer—Sally Frederickson.

Connie Cousins, who is noticeably upset, shares that she has seen these culprits in the store before. She states, “They have been here before, one of them knows Larry, they seemed to know right where we keep our cash and who may be able to retrieve it, me. The older guy had a huge gun; he put it right in my face. He’s the one that drove the vehicle that they came in.”

Sally Frederickson, a customer, states, “I’ve never seen these guys before. They had a gun and seemed to want to shoot someone. I think I can identify them if I see them again, hey, I heard one of them call that guy (pointing to Larry) by his name. Larry right?”

During your investigation you develop a lead that another witness, Larry; the maintenance person of the store, is related to one of the suspects. Larry Sweeney is 80 years old and he appears mentally challenged. You learn from a fellow employee that Larry’s mental capacity is below the fifth grade level. You know that it is crucial that Larry’s mental capacity, his age, as well as his potential relationship to one of the suspects are factors that must be considered throughout the duration of the interview process.

During your investigation you notice some communication challenges as well as some inconsistencies between witness statements. Based on your findings, you begin to theorize that Larry Sweeney might have been involved in the crime. Because you have no probable cause you continue with the investigation by gathering important information to help determine who was involved and whose level of involvement meets the legal elements in order to be appropriately charged.

Two hours after the incident, a fellow police officer spots a vehicle sitting at a stoplight that matches the description of the suspect’s vehicle. The officer observes two individuals sitting in the front driver’s seat and front passenger’s seat of the vehicle. Based on the information in the BOLO both individuals fit the descriptions that were given by witnesses at the store. The officer stops the suspect’s vehicle and detains the suspects without incident. The suspects are then transported to the CPD for further investigation. The suspects were later identified as, 14-years-old, Jerry Smith, and Scot Sweeney, 18 year-old-driver of the vehicle.

There are many issues that must be considered when conducting a successful investigation. In many cases, witness statements and suspect interrogations are critical towards successful prosecution. Because a case cannot make it into the courtroom unless legally sound, the importance of the legal issues in the above scenario cannot be understated.

Tasks:

In a 9- to 10-page Microsoft Word document, develop a plan for the interview and/or the interrogation of the witnesses and suspects in this case scenario. Use APA in-text citations to cite external sources The details of your plan should include, but are not limited to the following questions:

  • Identify and discuss three strategies that could be effective in handling the multiple witnesses to the crime? Analyze controversial research and/or theory relating to interview and interrogation. Use this information to justify your three strategy selections and how you might avoid eliciting false-confessions.
  • Describe the optimum room design for conducting this investigation. In preparation for these interviews and interrogations create a table of General Questions and Specific Questions to ask the witnesses and/or suspects. Analyze each question and provide your rationale for why you would ask the witnesses or suspects each question.
  • The situation with witness/suspect, Larry Sweeney, needs to be handled carefully for many reasons. Evaluate this situation: will you be conducting an interview or an interrogation? Explain the reason for your decision to conduct either an interview or an interrogation. What strategies will you employ to effectively interview or interrogate Larry and uncover his involvement in this criminal case? How will your personal attributes interrelate with the strategies you selected?
  • Evaluate the legal implications that need to be considered when interrogating juveniles, the elderly, and individuals with questionable mental capacity. What laws, case law, and Constitutional Amendments are involved? Evaluate the differences between Larry Sweeney and Jerry Smith.

interrogations

interrogations m3

Assignment 2: LASA 1: Interview Techniques

You are a police officer in Centervale. While on patrol, you are dispatched to investigate a theft from a local retail store where the loss prevention representative has made an apprehension of a suspect. You are also notified that there are several employee witnesses and the suspect has other people with him in the store. All of these people may or may not be involved in this crime. Additionally they may be witnesses and have critical information needed for successful prosecution of this case.

Click here to read the transcript of your interactions at the retail store (TRANSCRIPT WILL BE AN ATTACHMENT)

Tasks:

Prepare a 9- to 10-page Microsoft Word document which accommodates the following:

  • Compare and contrast the fundamental concepts of communication in an investigatory interview and an interrogation. Analyze and explain whether the communication in this scenario would be classified as an interview or an interrogation. Apply the comparison and contrast information, the script, and external resources to support your position, and rationale.
  • Analyze and discuss at least two different confession elicitation tactics that were used by Officer Stone in an effort to get Marty to confess. Contrast one of these tactics with a tactic that might have been less effective in this situation.
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of Officer Stone’s efforts. Analyze and discuss a key area of strength and weakness in his approach. Identify any fundamental legal issues that Officer Stone may encounter related to how he handled this situation and his choice of tactics.
  • Evaluate how you would have executed this communication in order to achieve the confession? Use empirical research in support of your evaluation; suggest how to improve an area of weakness and how to overcome any other obstacles you can identify in this situation.
  • Predict what would happen if Marty implicated his friend Joe? Identify the questions that should be asked to provide evidence to Marty’s claim?

youth curfew

youth curfew

In 2011, Kansas City, MO set a youth curfew after a weekend shooting.

See article at: http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/08/19/us-kansascity-curfew-idUSTRE77I0DR20110819

Write a 1000 word, APA style paper on Youth Curfew.

In your paper argue for or against a youth curfew. Also discuss the role of the police, the parents, and the community leaders in setting up a youth curfew.

  • Include a title page and at least 2 references.
  • No foreign references
  • Cite & Quote properly

Assignment 1: The Masons’ New Car

Assignment 1: The Masons’ New Car

Assignment 1: The Masons’ New Car

Due Week 6 and worth 200 points

Note: The company mentioned herein is merely a hypothetical organization with characteristics developed to enable students to respond to the assignment. You may create and / or make all necessary assumptions needed for the completion of this assignment if those assumptions are consistent with the facts presented. Do not make assumptions which obviate the need to conduct a legal analysis of the issues.

Scenario

Earlier this year, Paul Mason and his wife Chardonnay Mason went to Rivertown and Gregory Ford, Dodge and Chryslers LLC. to purchase a new car. Last time the Masons bought a car was in 1990 when they bought their current car, a 1991 Plymouth Voyager van. The Mason’s daughter, Rosé recently gave birth to the Masons’ first grandchild and the proud grandparents were excited to be taking a road trip from Macon, Georgia to Freehold, New Jersey, to see the new addition to the Mason family. They knew that the old Plymouth had seen better days and that it might not make the 2,000 plus mile round-trip. The Masons were leaving for New Jersey in the morning, so they needed a new car and fast. When the Masons met with the salesperson at R&G, they explicitly stated that they were on a fixed income and could afford no more than $400 per month in the form of a car note. They were, however, willing to trade in their old van toward the purchase of the new car.

Hector Dosales, one of R&G’s most aggressive salespersons, convinced the Masons to buy a new Chrysler 200. By the time the Masons were ready to buy, it was after 9:00 p.m. and the dealership was soon closing. To speed things along, Hector had the Masons sign blank form contracts that he would fill out the next day. Among the blank contracts that the Mason’s signed were a “Retail Installment Sales Contract”, a “Retail Buyer’s Order”, and an “Odometer Disclosure Form”. When Paul Mason asked about the terms of the deal, Hector said not to worry about it. He would structure things so that the payments would be under their $400 limit. When Paul asked how much he was getting for his trade-in, Hector said, “Don’t worry about it. I’ll make sure you get a fair price.” While the various forms were being signed, Chardonnay, who has a weak bladder, excused herself and in the confusion neglected to sign the Retail Buyer’s Order.

The next day when Hector was filling out the sales documents, he was having difficulty getting the car payments under the $400 per month limit he had promised. While reviewing the forms, he noticed that the Odometer Disclosure Form indicated that the Masons’ van had only 58,528 miles on it. Due to the exceptionally low mileage on the vehicle, Hector was able to substantially raise the trade-in value, thereby reducing the car payments to just under $400 per month. The Odometer Disclosure Form had, in fact, been completed by Mary Jane, one of the clerks working at the dealership.

After Hector had completed the sales documents and while the Masons were on their road trip, Hector attempted to place the sales documents with a third-party finance company. Because of the Masons’ low monthly income and poor credit history, no one was willing to purchase the contract. In the meantime, the Masons’ van was sent to auction. A Carfax report quickly indicated that the correct mileage on the vehicle was 154,000 miles not 54,528 miles. In fact, service records from R&G’s service department, where the Masons regularly brought the car for maintenance, clearly indicated that the car had over 100,000 miles on it. Because of the high mileage, the Van sold for $800 at auction, despite the $2,800 Hector had indicated as a trade value.

When the Masons returned home, they were contacted by the service department of R&G and asked to bring in their new car for a complimentary service and detailing. When the Masons arrived, they surrendered the keys to the new Chrysler and were subsequently asked into a meeting with Hector and Felicia Fees, head of the finance department at R&G. Felicia informed the Masons that they did not qualify for financing the new car and that unless they had the cash to buy it, they would have to return the car. Of course, the Masons did not have the money to buy the car and told Felicia that they could just keep the car and they would take their old car back. Felicia informed the Mason’s that their van had already been sold at auction. Moreover, the Masons would be responsible for the usage of the new car at the standard lease mileage rates of .45c per mile. Since they drove the car 2,500 miles, they owed the dealership $1,125. Subtracting the $800 R&G received for the Masons’ van at auction, Felicia demanded payment from the Masons of $325. Needless to say, the Masons refused.

The Masons have filed suit against R&G in Magistrate Court in Macon, Georgia, to recover the value of their van which they claimed to be the $2,800 Hector listed in the sales documents. (Magistrate Courts are low level courts that handle, among other things, small claims matters.) R&G has moved to dismiss the case and compel the Masons to arbitrate any claims they might have in accordance with the Arbitration clause contained in the Retail Buyer’s Order, which reads as follows:

“Buyer and Dealer agree that all claims, demands, disputes and controversies of every kind or nature that may arise between them concerning any of the negotiations leading to the sale of the vehicle, the terms and provisions of the sale, the performance or condition of the vehicle, or any other aspects of the vehicle and its sale shall be settled by binding arbitration. … Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, it is the intention of the Buyer and the Dealer to resolve by binding arbitration all disputes between them concerning the vehicle, its sale and its condition, including disputes concerning the terms and conditions of the sale, the condition of the vehicle, any damage to the vehicle, the terms and meaning of any of the documents signed or given in connection with the sale, any representations, promises or omissions made in connection with negotiations for or sale of the vehicle, or any terms, conditions or representations made in connection with the financing, credit life insurance, disability insurance, and vehicle service contract purchased or obtained in connection with the vehicle.”

The Retail Buyer’s Order also contained the following provisions:

“If the purchase of the vehicle is being financed, Buyer understands that the sale is contingent upon obtaining approval of the financing by the financing agency. In the event that the vehicle has been delivered to Buyer but financing approval is not obtained, Buyer agrees to immediately return the vehicle to the Dealer.”

Claims

You are the Magistrate Judge in Macon County Georgia and have to decide this case. The Masons make the following claims in the complaint:

  1. There never was a contract in this case since the contract documents were not completed at the time they were signed. Since they did not contain the essential elements of a contract, no contract was formed.
  2. Since there was no contract, sale of the van was the tort of conversion and they are entitled to the value of the van which the defendant’s own statements value at $2,800.

The defendant answered the complaint and moved to dismiss and to compel arbitration. The answer made the following statements:

  1. There was a contract because the actions of the parties indicated intent to make a contract.
  2. The Masons signed an arbitration agreement, and under the law are required to bring their claims before an arbitrator and not the courts.
  3. The Masons have been unjustly enriched by the use of the new Chrysler and must pay the reasonable value of that use.
  4. The Masons committed fraud by signing a false Odometer Disclosure Form. Because of their fraud, the Masons are estopped from recovering anything on the value of the van.

Assignment Requirements

Write a three to four (3-4) page court opinion in which you rule on this case. In preparing this opinion, you must:

  1. Decide whether this court should hear this case or dismiss the case and direct the parties to binding arbitration in accordance with the Retail Buyer’s Order. Support your response.

    Note: Please read the facts of the case very carefully as you attempt to resolve this issue.

  2. Decide whether or not a contract exists between the Masons and R&G. Support your response. Note: Be sure that you analyze the facts to reach your conclusion. Merely stating your conclusion without a supporting legal analysis is not sufficient.
  3. Decide one (1) of the other remaining issues presented above. That is, decide whether R&G committed the tort of conversion with the 1990 van, or whether the Masons were unjustly enriched by the use of the new car, or whether the Masons committed fraud and should be estopped from recovering the value of the van.
  4. Use at least two (2) quality academic or legal resources in this assignment, such as a government Website, Law school Websites, Restatements of laws, and other treatises of Law.  Your paper must include internal citations indicating the sources of your legal statements.

    Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic or legal resources.

  5. Format your assignment according to the following formatting requirements:
    1. Typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides.
    2. Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page is not included in the required page length.
    3. Include a reference page. Citations and references must follow APA format. The reference page is not included in the required page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Describe the legal environment of business, the sources of American law, and the basis of authority for government to regulate business.
  • Explain basic court procedures, types of courts, and alternative dispute resolution methods.
  • Explain the basis of tort law and describe the classification of torts.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in business law.
  • Write clearly and concisely about business law using proper writing mechanics.

Psychopathology and Criminality

Psychopathology and Criminality

You are the commander three shifts of corrections officers (COs) working around the clock in a maximum-security cell block in a state penitentiary. You have an exceptionally good group of COs who have managed to intervene in most potentially violent problems without incident. They have developed an effective network of prison informants form the inmate population.

There is a Middle-Eastern man who is about 65 years old serving a life sentence for the honor killing of his own daughter. He has been in the prison for about 10 years. Your COs report to you that his mental state appears to be deteriorating. He is a moderately religious person and feels there is no reason for terror violence. Every time an article about terrorism or the threat of terrorism is published in the newspapers provided by the prison library, the inmate reports to the COs that there is a planned violent takeover by the Muslims incarcerated in the same cell block. There are a number of American-born Muslims incarcerated in the cell block, and the inmate seems to have access to them as a sort of religious leader for prayer services and advice.

At first, you took him seriously, but when he started to explain who the extremists were and what their mission was, you began to realize that he was just selecting inmates in the cell block and identifying them as potential inmates with violent intent. He would make up stories about the manufacture of makeshift weapons in the middle of the night. He would indicate that the Muslim extremists had contacts with other inmates throughout the prison and a comprehensive riot and plan to take over the prison was being planned. Several prison staff members working in the infirmary have been identified by the inmate as sympathetic to the extremists’ cause, and he has accused them of helping provide weapons and other materials.

Please respond to the following questions. You must provide meaningful feedback to the main postings of at least two of your classmates.

  • What are 2 types of disorders that might be affecting this complainant, and why did you consider them?
  • What types of referrals are available for a mentally ill person of this sort?
  • How should you continue to handle this inmate’s reported intelligence information, and why?

Constitutional Law

Constitutional Law

Read the U.S. Supreme Court decision in the following cases:

  • Bowers v. Hardwick, 478 U.S. 186 (1986)

http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?court=U.S.&vol=478&invol=186

  • Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558 (2003)

http://supreme.jU.S.tia.com/U.S./539/558/case.html

Part II

What societal factors may have caused the U.S. Supreme Court to abandon the rule of stare decisis in the Lawrence v. Texas and Bowers v. Hardwick cases?

Write a 5–6 page paper on the topic above and include the following:

  • Outline the major societal arguments that influenced the U.S. Supreme Court decision in both cases and the subsequent reversal.
  • Identify specific examples to support your explanation.
  • Examine some of the specific arguments used by the Justices of the Supreme Court in the majority and dissenting opinions.
  • Include any philosophical underpinning that might have influenced the thinking of the judges on the court at the time both cases were being decided.
  • Use specific references in their paper to support their position.

Please note that the U.S. Constitution, and particularly the Bill of Rights, brings a philosophical perspective that has helped to shape constitutional law in the United States that should not be overlooked in this assignment.

Cite all references in proper APA format. For more information on APA format, please visit the APASTYLE Lab.

globalization of crime

  • Select a contemporary topic in
    • Select a contemporary topic in globalization of crime
    • Utilizing the journal article plus three other sources, write a ten (10) page, APAformatted research paper. Your topic needs to be approved by the instructor.
    • Approved Topics:
    • 1: Cybercrime/cyberthreat in China and how affects U.S.
    • 2: Afghanistan and how it affects the United States
    • 3: Human Trafficking occurring in Mexico, and how it affects the U.S.
    • 4: Drugs in Columbia (growing, selling, manufacturing), and how it affects U.S.
    • 5: Blackmarket, cyber crime, cyber threats in Russia, and how it affects U.S.
    • The cover and reference pages do NOT count toward the ten (10) page assignment
    • Include a cover page, and reference page
    • An abstract is NOT required in this paper
    • Begin the paper with an introduction to the issue
    • Assess the intended and unintended consequences of criminal justice policies in response to your topic. What impact does your issue have on organizational management?
  • Utilizing the journal article plus three other sources, write a ten (10) page, APAformatted research paper. Your topic needs to be approved by the instructor.
  • Approved Topics:
  • 1: Cybercrime/cyberthreat in China and how affects U.S.
  • 2: Afghanistan and how it affects the United States
  • 3: Human Trafficking occurring in Mexico, and how it affects the U.S.
  • 4: Drugs in Columbia (growing, selling, manufacturing), and how it affects U.S.
  • 5: Blackmarket, cyber crime, cyber threats in Russia, and how it affects U.S.
  • The cover and reference pages do NOT count toward the ten (10) page assignment
  • Include a cover page, and reference page
  • An abstract is NOT required in this paper
  • Begin the paper with an introduction to the issue
  • Assess the intended and unintended consequences of criminal justice policies in response to your topic. What impact does your issue have on organizational management?

Fraud Theory and Prevention

Fraud Theory and Prevention

  • Apply the fraud triangle theory to a relatively innocuous instance of white-collar crime (e.g., plagiarism, cheating on a test, or underreporting income on your taxes). Explain the motive, opportunity, and likely rationalization.1paragraph and example
  • Analyze the fraud theories discussed in Chapter 2 of Biegelman and Bartow, and determine which best addresses a recent incident of fraud of which you are aware (whether local, regional, or national). Provide specific examples to support your response. 1 paragraph and example

Criminal Justice

Criminal Justice

You are an AIU Online Campus graduate and have started a career with the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, which is a part of the Department of Justice. You are a juvenile justice expert, which fits perfectly with your criminal justice degree. You have been assigned to write a paper of 3–4 pages on the following two families and the questions listed below:

The Jukes family and the Kallikak family have been subjects of studies pertaining to the nature versus nurture issue and crime. Current studies have been collected that show that juveniles who are raised in families where family members have been incarcerated have an increased likelihood of following the same path.

You can find information on these 2 families at the following Web sites, but be sure to look at more than just these 2 Web sites:

Are the characteristics of offenders, about which you have read in your textbook and the professor has lectured, carried down through families? These characteristics may include a propensity for violence, a dishonest nature, and so on. Is it nature or nurture? Look at these studies, and describe the characteristics. Try to explain both sides of the issue (both nature and nurture) that bring out the characteristics of people who are more likely to go to jail.

Be sure to reference all sources using APA style.

Applying the 21 Synectics Steps

Applying the 21 Synectics Steps

Applying the 21 Synectics Steps

The need for thinking and problem-solving skills dominates our lives. Individuals must analyze problems in the workplace, at school, as a parent, and in many other daily situations. You have an opportunity to practice your problem-solving skills through this assignment.

Assignment: Select one problem from the following list or define your own problem. 1.Design a new textbook for a psychology class, science class, etc. 2.Invent a new telephone. 3.Design a new suitcase. 4.Design new clothes for soldier/teacher/cook/student/ etc. 5.Invent a new style for a video game. 6.Create a short story. 7.Design a new computer. 8.Invent a new way to protect computers from viruses. 9.Create a new type of credit card. 10.Work on solving a problem of your own choosing – a problem that is related to your major field of study.

Requirements: •Remember that you don’t need to create anything physically. You may use images or just descriptions of your ideas. •What is important for this assignment is your ability to generate ideas. •Number your ideas 1 through 21. •Generate 21 ideas about solving it, using the 21 Synectics steps listed below: •Response should be 500-600 words

BUSINESS LAW

BUSINESS LAW

Scenario

Earlier this year, Paul Mason and his wife Chardonnay Mason went to Rivertown and Gregory Ford, Dodge and Chryslers LLC. to purchase a new car. Last time the Masons bought a car was in 1990 when they bought their current car, a 1991 Plymouth Voyager van. The Mason’s daughter, Rosé recently gave birth to the Masons’ first grandchild and the proud grandparents were excited to be taking a road trip from Macon, Georgia to Freehold, New Jersey, to see the new addition to the Mason family. They knew that the old Plymouth had seen better days and that it might not make the 2,000 plus mile round-trip. The Masons were leaving for New Jersey in the morning, so they needed a new car and fast. When the Masons met with the salesperson at R&G, they explicitly stated that they were on a fixed income and could afford no more than $400 per month in the form of a car note. They were, however, willing to trade in their old van toward the purchase of the new car.

Hector Dosales, one of R&G’s most aggressive salespersons, convinced the Masons to buy a new Chrysler 200. By the time the Masons were ready to buy, it was after 9:00 p.m. and the dealership was soon closing. To speed things along, Hector had the Masons sign blank form contracts that he would fill out the next day. Among the blank contracts that the Mason’s signed were a “Retail Installment Sales Contract”, a “Retail Buyer’s Order”, and an “Odometer Disclosure Form”. When Paul Mason asked about the terms of the deal, Hector said not to worry about it. He would structure things so that the payments would be under their $400 limit. When Paul asked how much he was getting for his trade-in, Hector said, “Don’t worry about it. I’ll make sure you get a fair price.” While the various forms were being signed, Chardonnay, who has a weak bladder, excused herself and in the confusion neglected to sign the Retail Buyer’s Order.

The next day when Hector was filling out the sales documents, he was having difficulty getting the car payments under the $400 per month limit he had promised. While reviewing the forms, he noticed that the Odometer Disclosure Form indicated that the Masons’ van had only 58,528 miles on it. Due to the exceptionally low mileage on the vehicle, Hector was able to substantially raise the trade-in value, thereby reducing the car payments to just under $400 per month. The Odometer Disclosure Form had, in fact, been completed by Mary Jane, one of the clerks working at the dealership.

After Hector had completed the sales documents and while the Masons were on their road trip, Hector attempted to place the sales documents with a third-party finance company. Because of the Masons’ low monthly income and poor credit history, no one was willing to purchase the contract. In the meantime, the Masons’ van was sent to auction. A Carfax report quickly indicated that the correct mileage on the vehicle was 154,000 miles not 54,528 miles. In fact, service records from R&G’s service department, where the Masons regularly brought the car for maintenance, clearly indicated that the car had over 100,000 miles on it. Because of the high mileage, the Van sold for $800 at auction, despite the $2,800 Hector had indicated as a trade value.

When the Masons returned home, they were contacted by the service department of R&G and asked to bring in their new car for a complimentary service and detailing. When the Masons arrived, they surrendered the keys to the new Chrysler and were subsequently asked into a meeting with Hector and Felicia Fees, head of the finance department at R&G. Felicia informed the Masons that they did not qualify for financing the new car and that unless they had the cash to buy it, they would have to return the car. Of course, the Masons did not have the money to buy the car and told Felicia that they could just keep the car and they would take their old car back. Felicia informed the Mason’s that their van had already been sold at auction. Moreover, the Masons would be responsible for the usage of the new car at the standard lease mileage rates of .45c per mile. Since they drove the car 2,500 miles, they owed the dealership $1,125. Subtracting the $800 R&G received for the Masons’ van at auction, Felicia demanded payment from the Masons of $325. Needless to say, the Masons refused.

The Masons have filed suit against R&G in Magistrate Court in Macon, Georgia, to recover the value of their van which they claimed to be the $2,800 Hector listed in the sales documents. (Magistrate Courts are low level courts that handle, among other things, small claims matters.) R&G has moved to dismiss the case and compel the Masons to arbitrate any claims they might have in accordance with the Arbitration clause contained in the Retail Buyer’s Order, which reads as follows:

“Buyer and Dealer agree that all claims, demands, disputes and controversies of every kind or nature that may arise between them concerning any of the negotiations leading to the sale of the vehicle, the terms and provisions of the sale, the performance or condition of the vehicle, or any other aspects of the vehicle and its sale shall be settled by binding arbitration. … Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, it is the intention of the Buyer and the Dealer to resolve by binding arbitration all disputes between them concerning the vehicle, its sale and its condition, including disputes concerning the terms and conditions of the sale, the condition of the vehicle, any damage to the vehicle, the terms and meaning of any of the documents signed or given in connection with the sale, any representations, promises or omissions made in connection with negotiations for or sale of the vehicle, or any terms, conditions or representations made in connection with the financing, credit life insurance, disability insurance, and vehicle service contract purchased or obtained in connection with the vehicle.”

The Retail Buyer’s Order also contained the following provisions:

“If the purchase of the vehicle is being financed, Buyer understands that the sale is contingent upon obtaining approval of the financing by the financing agency. In the event that the vehicle has been delivered to Buyer but financing approval is not obtained, Buyer agrees to immediately return the vehicle to the Dealer.”

Claims

You are the Magistrate Judge in Macon County Georgia and have to decide this case. The Masons make the following claims in the complaint:

a.There never was a contract in this case since the contract documents were not completed at the time they were signed. Since they did not contain the essential elements of a contract, no contract was formed. b.Since there was no contract, sale of the van was the tort of conversion and they are entitled to the value of the van which the defendant’s own statements value at $2,800. The defendant answered the complaint and moved to dismiss and to compel arbitration. The answer made the following statements:

a.There was a contract because the actions of the parties indicated intent to make a contract. b.The Masons signed an arbitration agreement, and under the law are required to bring their claims before an arbitrator and not the courts. c.The Masons have been unjustly enriched by the use of the new Chrysler and must pay the reasonable value of that use. d.The Masons committed fraud by signing a false Odometer Disclosure Form. Because of their fraud, the Masons are estopped from recovering anything on the value of the van. Assignment Requirements

Write a three to four (3-4) page court opinion in which you rule on this case. In preparing this opinion, you must:

1.Decide whether this court should hear this case or dismiss the case and direct the parties to binding arbitration in accordance with the Retail Buyer’s Order. Support your response. Note: Please read the facts of the case very carefully as you attempt to resolve this issue. 2.Decide whether or not a contract exists between the Masons and R&G. Support your response. Note: Be sure that you analyze the facts to reach your conclusion. Merely stating your conclusion without a supporting legal analysis is not sufficient. 3.Decide one (1) of the other remaining issues presented above. That is, decide whether R&G committed the tort of conversion with the 1990 van, or whether the Masons were unjustly enriched by the use of the new car, or whether the Masons committed fraud and should be estopped from recovering the value of the van. 4.Use at least two (2) quality academic or legal resources in this assignment, such as a government Website, Law school Websites, Restatements of laws, and other treatises of Law. Your paper must include internal citations indicating the sources of your legal statements. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic or legal resources. 5.Format your assignment according to the following formatting requirements: a.Typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides. b.Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page is not included in the required page length. c.Include a reference page. Citations and references must follow APA format. The reference page is not included in the required page length.

Role and Functions of Law

Role and Functions of Law Paper

Resource: Case Brief Cipollone v. Liggett Group, Inc., et al. in Ch. 2, section 2-6, “Commerce Powers,” of the text.

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper in which you define the functions and role of law in business and society. Discuss the functions and role of law in your past or present job or industry. Properly cite at least two references from your reading.

 APA

legal questions

legal questions

Sam orally agreed to sell Jamie some land for $500,000. Jamie paid Sam the $500,000; Sam gave Jamie the deed to the land. Jamie took possession of the land and began building a cabin on it. One month later, Sam tried to retake possession of the land by arguing that the contract for the sale was invalid because it was oral, not written. Sam sued Jamie to invalidate the contract and retake the land.

The court will likely conclude that Sam will:

Question 1 options:

a) Win; the sale exceeded $500 so the contract must be written to be valid under the Statute of Frauds.

b) Win; all land sales contracts must be written.

c) Lose; because the contract was fully executed Sam cannot rescind the contract.

d) Lose; because Jamie had begun building a cabin on the property, Sam cannot rescind the contract.

Question 2 (1 point)

On Tuesday, Jon offered to sell his CD collection to Sandy for $100. Sandy replied, “I’m interested. I’ll think it over and let you know Thursday whether I want to buy the CDs.” On Wednesday, Jon agreed to sell the CDs to Jason, and Jason immediately gave Jon a letter that stated:

“Jon, I will buy your CD collection for $100. As we agreed, I will pay you on Friday when I pick up the CDs. Yours truly, Jason.”

Upon Jon’s receipt of this letter on Wednesday, what best describes Jon’s contract agreement(s)?

Question 2 options:

a) By forming an agreement with Jason, Jon breached his contract with Sandy because he did not effectively revoke his offer to Sandy.

b) Jon has formed contracts with both Jason and Sandy because Jon did not effectively revoke his offer to Sandy and created an enforceable written agreement with Jason.

c) Jon and Jason have formed a valid, enforceable contract; Jon’s offer to Sandy was properly revoked.

d) Jon effectively revoked his offer to Sandy, but has not formed an enforceable contract with Jason because Jason has not yet paid for the CD collection.

Question 3 (1 point)

Assume a salesperson intentionally made one of the following statements – knowing that the statement was false – to a customer considering a purchase. Which statement could create liability for fraudulent misrepresentation if the customer made the purchase?

Question 3 options:

a) “In my opinion, this car is in flawless mechanical condition.”

b) “This crane will probably lift about 10,000 pounds.”

c) “This car is a real gem.”

d) “This is an original painting by the artist, Pablo Picasso.”

Question 4 (1 point)

Don promised to buy his girlfriend, Sophie, a new car so Sophie sold her old car. Don now refuses to buy Sophie the car. Sophie has a job that requires her to have a car to get to work. If Sophie sues Don to enforce the promise, the likely result is that the promise will:

Question 4 options:

a) Be enforced under promissory estoppel because Sophie reasonably relied on Don’s promise, to her detriment.

b) Not be enforced because Sophie received money from the sale of her old car; if she also received the new car from Don, she would be unjustly enriched.

c) Be enforced because the car is a necessity for Sophie and all contracts for necessities are binding and enforceable for all parties even if contract formation is flawed.

d) Not be enforced as Don’s promise was a gift to Sophie; Sophie gave consideration, but Don did not.

Question 5 (1 point)

X and Y agreed that X would sell Y his small business, including the land on which the business was situated, for $500,000. Both X and Y knew at the time the contract was formed that the business was actually worth $800,000. Is this a valid, enforceable contract?

Question 5 options:

a) Yes, provided the contract was in writing, in accordance with the Statute of Frauds and the parties freely consented.

b) Yes, provided the contract was in accordance with state statutory law that permits real estate sales for 40% or more below market value.

c) No, because $500,000 is not valid consideration for a business worth $800,000.

d) No, because X has no pre-existing legal duty to sell his business.

Question 6 (1 point)

Fine Art Corp. sent a written offer to buy 10,000 pencils for a total of $10,000 from Faber Pencil Co. Both parties are merchants. Faber can accept the offer by:

Question 6 options:

a) Promising to ship the pencils.

b) Promptly shipping the pencils.

c) Accepting the offer on Faber’s own written standard form contract.

d) All of the above could be valid acceptance.

Question 7 (1 point)

Ralph, a 16-year old minor, is manager for the high school football team. Ralph signed a contract to purchase alcoholic beverages from Liquormart, Inc. for the team party. This contract is:

Question 7 options:

a) Void as a matter of law because it is illegal to sell alcohol to minors by state law.

b) Void only if Ralph misrepresented his age and told Liquormart he was an adult.

c) Valid and enforceable, but Ralph has the right to disaffirm because he is a minor.

d) Valid and enforceable, if Liquormart knew that Ralph was a minor.

Question 8 (1 point)

Kisha operates River Valley Soccer, an athletic equipment shop, as a sole proprietorship. Taxes on the business’s income are paid by

Question 8 options:

a) No one; since it is a sole proprietorship there are no business taxes.

b) Kisha as the sole owner.

c) The state or federal government if Kisha holds a Small Business Administration loan acquired to start her business.

d) The business entity of River Valley Soccer, not Kisha personally.

Question 9 (1 point)

Assume that Virginia enacted a law prohibiting, until further notice, all grocery stores in Virginia from selling all powdered spices manufactured in, or shipped from, Maryland. This law was enacted because it was discovered that the spices recently manufactured in Maryland were infected with bacteria. Determine the constitutionality of the Maryland statute. The statute is:

Question 9 options:

a) Unconstitutional; it violates grocery store owners’ substantive and procedural due process rights under the 5th and 14th Amendments because they are private businesses.

b) Unconstitutional; the statute imposes an undue burden on interstate commerce.

c) Constitutional; it is a valid exercise of Maryland’s police power.

d) Constitutional; the statute involves the sale of goods which is valid under UCC rules, thus, the state constitution does not apply.

Question 10 (1 point)

Ed hired Frankie, who is 13 years old, to buy a computer on Ed’s behalf.

Which of the following identifies the legal relationship between Ed and Frankie?

Question 10 options:

a) This is a valid agency relationship even though Frankie is a minor, and Ed would be bound by authorized contracts Frankie enters into on Ed’s behalf.

b) This is a valid agency relationship even though Frankie is a minor, but Ed would have the option of disaffirming any contracts Frankie enters into on Ed’s behalf.

c) This is a valid agency relationship even though Frankie is a minor, but Frankie would not be entitled to any payment under the terms of the agency because he is a minor.

d) This is an invalid agency relationship because Frankie is a minor.

Question 11 (1 point)

Scenario: Jones, a resident of Arizona, booked reservations for a vacation at World Hotels, Inc. in Cabo Mar, Mexico. World Hotels is an international hotel chain incorporated in Delaware with hotels in North and South America; World Hotels has no hotels in Arizona but does advertise and book reservations for all its hotels over the internet, in any state. World Hotels has booked reservations in the past with residents of Arizona.

While a guest in the hotel in Cabo Mar, Jones was walking across the hotel lobby, and slipped and fell on the wet marble floor that had been just washed by the maintenance staff. The staff had placed a “wet floor” sign on the lobby floor on the side wall of the lobby.

Jones was taken to the nearest Mexican hospital where surgery was necessary to place a pin in his broken leg. Anxious to return home and see his regular doctor, Jones flew out of Mexico shortly after the surgery. He required two plane seats and an ambulance to meet him at various airports. His health insurance would not cover his hospital stay in Mexico as it was located outside the U.S. When back in Arizona, Jones was unable to work for 8 weeks and required another surgery to remove the pin. He also required several weeks of physical therapy.

Jones wants to sue World Hotels, Inc. for negligence for $450,000 to recover all his medical expenses in Mexico and the US; for $50,000 for the cost of the plane trip from Mexico to Arizona, the 2 plane seats and ambulance costs in various airports; $10,000 for 8 weeks of lost wages; and $50,000 for pain and suffering resulting from the injury. Can he sue in federal court?

Question 11 options:

a) Yes, because federal court always has jurisdiction over citizens of different states.

b) No, because federal court does not have jurisdiction in cases that do not involve federal laws.

c) Yes, because the federal court may have jurisdiction over citizens of different states and the lawsuit involves damages greater than $75,000.

d) No, because the federal court has no jurisdiction over an accident that occurred in Mexico.

Question 12 (1 point)

Under the UCC, Section 2-207 (the “battle of the forms” provision), it is provided that, when both parties to a contract are merchants, any additional terms added in the acceptance of a standard form contract can properly, validly become part of the contractual agreement UNLESS:

Question 12 options:

a) The original offer expressly limits any acceptance only to the terms in the original standard form offer.

b) The additional terms in the acceptance materially alter the terms of the original standard form offer.

c) The offeror notified the offeree, within a reasonable period of time, that the additional terms were not acceptable.

d) All of the above could be true.

Question 13 (1 point)

If Earl, a nonmerchant, offered to sell a chair to Isaac, a nonmerchant. Earl’s house caught fire and destroyed the chair before Isaac accepted Earl’s offer to buy the chair. Consequently,

Question 13 options:

a) The destruction of the chair constitutes an automatic valid revocation of the offer.

b) The fire does not automatically revoke the offer, but because neither Earl nor Isaac is a merchant, the offer is revocable at any time at Earl’s option.

c) Earl did not validly communicate a revocation to Isaac, so Isaac still has the option of accepting Earl’s offer; if Isaac accepts the offer, Earl must obtain a similar chair for Isaac or pay Isaac the equivalent value of the chair.

d) Earl’s offer is automatically revoked by the fire, unless the offer was a firm offer.

Question 14 (1 point)

Reg offered to sell his motorcycle to Thelma for $8,000. Thelma replied, “Your price is too high. I will purchase your motorcycle for $7,000”. Reg agreed and they committed their agreement to writing. This transaction can be characterized as:

Question 14 options:

a) An enforceable contract because Reg’s acceptance of Thelma’s offer was a clearly communicated acceptance.

b) An enforceable contract because Thelma’s counteroffer was less than Reg’s original offer

c) An unenforceable contract because Thelma’s offer was not the mirror image of Reg’s original offer as is required under common law contract rules.

d) An unenforceable contract unless either Reg or Thelma is a merchant, as defined by the UCC, because sale of personal property contracts are valid only if one of the parties to the contract is a merchant.

Question 15 (1 point)

A ordered 100 19-inch color TV sets from B, and requested prompt shipment of the goods. B promptly shipped to A 100 21-inch color TV sets. Prior to shipment, B did not notify A that he was shipping nonconforming TVs as an accommodation. Assuming both A and B are merchants, under UCC rules, in this case:

Question 15 options:

a) There is no valid acceptance by B; shipping nonconforming goods acts as a counteroffer, and thus, cannot constitute an acceptance or create a valid, enforceable contract.

b) Although B shipped nonconforming TVs, A is bound to pay the reasonable value of the 21-inch nonconforming TV sets because B’s shipment constituted a valid acceptance, and a binding contract was formed at the time the goods were shipped.

c) Although B shipped nonconforming TVs, if A accepts and later sells the 21-inch TVs, A has validly accepted the nonconforming goods and is bound to pay B reasonable value for the 21-inch TVs.

d) There is no contract because B’s acceptance (by shipping the goods) is not a mirror image of A’s offer.

Question 16 (1 point)

B & B Tape Co. orally agreed to sell 2,000 boxes of tape to Office Supply, Inc. (Office) at a rate of $1.00 per box, for a total of $2,000. Office orally agreed to the deal. B & B delivered 1,000 boxes, totaling $1,000. Office accepted the delivery and used and sold the tape, but refused to pay for the goods, citing the Statute of Frauds. Under these circumstances, Office is obligated to pay:

Question 16 options:

a) Nothing, and may keep the tape because the agreement is unenforceable because it was not written.

b) $1,000 for the 1,000 boxes that Office accepted, but is not obligated to accept, or pay for, any more tapes.

c) $2,000 as Office is bound to buy the entire 2,000 boxes of tape.

d) $1,000 for the 1,000 boxes that Office already accepted, plus $500 for one-half of the remaining 1,000 boxes.

Question 17 (1 point)

Someone who recovers damages for breach of contract typically can recover:

Question 17 options:

a) Only those compensatory damages/losses that can be proven with reasonable certainty.

b) For all consequences of the breach, e.g., pain and suffering, whether or not the damages are foreseeable.

c) Only for foreseeable damages.

d) Punitive damages.

Question 18 (1 point)

A orally offered to sell B 100 premium-grade blue ink ballpoint pens, but neglected to state the price. B accepted via letter. A received the acceptance letter, but immediately thereafter, A tried to get out of the deal. Assume that A and B are both merchants, as defined under the UCC. At this point which of the following is most likely to be true about this agreement between A and B?

Question 18 options:

a) There is no valid contract because the offer is too indefinite.

b) There is no valid contract because any offer for the sale of goods must be in writing and signed by both parties.

c) There is a valid, enforceable contract.

d) There is a valid, enforceable contract only if either A or B are engaged in international business which makes the agreement subject to CISG (Contract for International Sale of Goods) rules.

Question 19 (1 point)

Supermarket offered to buy 1000 boxes of yogurt from Foods Co. The offer did not state a specific delivery date. 9 weeks later, Supermarket still had not heard from Foods, nor had Foods shipped the goods. At this point, Supermarket:

Question 19 options:

a) Can do nothing but wait to hear an acceptance or rejection from Foods before Supermarket can revoke the offer.

b) Can assume that Foods does not intend to accept the contract and is free to buy to yogurt from another supplier.

c) Must accept the goods when they arrive, unless Supermarket has relocated.

d) Must accept the goods when they arrive unless Foods has clearly rejected the offer.

Question 20 (1 point)

Ed and Nora signed a contract that included a statement, “No evidence of oral negotiations may be used to change the terms of this contractual writing.” Later Ed sued Nora for a breach of contract. In court, Nora testified that she did not breach their agreement because, after signing the written contract, she and Ed orally agreed to change the contract terms. Nora’s testimony will:

Question 20 options:

a) Be admitted by the court as evidence that Nora did not breach the contract.

b) Be admitted as a valid exception under the Parol Evidence Rule.

c) Be admitted if Nora is a minor because the Parol Evidence Rule does not apply to contracts with minors.

d) Not be admitted under the Parol Evidence Rule.

Question 21 (1 point)

Charlie Customer bought an airline ticket on BartAir through Tina Travel Agent.

Identify the legal relationship of Charlie, BartAir and Tina regarding this transaction.

Question 21 options:

a) Charlie is the principal; Tina is his agent representing him with BartAir.

b) BartAir is the principal; Tina is its agent in the sale of the airline ticket to Charlie.

c) Tina is not the agent of BartAir or Charlie, but Tina’s employer, the travel agency, is the agent for Charlie.

d) Tina is the agent for both BartAir and Charlie.

Question 22 (3 points)

Fran, Joe, and Mike formed a general partnership to operate a flower shop called Fresher Flowers. One of Fran’s jobs is to make deliveries using the partnership truck. In one such delivery, Fran negligently ran a stop sign, striking a car driven by Peggy, causing damage to the car and injury to Peggy.

Analyze and describe (1) the personal liability of Fran, Joe, and Mike, (2) the liability of the partnership, Fresher Flowers.

Question 23 (3 points)

Clarkson and Lee did not have a contract, but Clarkson completed extensive landscaping in Lee’s yard by mistake while Lee was away on vacation. Clarkson sent Lee a bill for the landscaping service but Lee refused to pay.

Determine the likely result if Clark sues Lee to recover the costs of the landscaping.

Question 24 (3 points)

Scenario: Sam’s Beauty School is a privately owned beauty school that trains cosmetologists to earn their cosmetology license to become hair stylists and colorists. Sam’s is open to the public for all hair services; students perform hair services for clients under the supervision of licensed cosmetologists that work at Sam’s.

Jan went the Sam’s to have her hair colored dark brown as she had done many times, although this was Jan’s first time as a client at Sam’s. Tom, a student trainee at Sam’s, colored her hair. Jan’s hair turned green and fell out within 24 hours. Jan had never had any problems with hair color previously.

Jan sued Sam’s for negligence. Who wins and why?

domestic abuse

You have been working as a police officer for the Centervale Police Department for two years. You are on your nightly patrol in your marked police vehicle with your partner, Edward, who has been on the force for seven years. You receive a call on the radio to respond to a domestic abuse situation requiring backup. Your partner and you are second to respond to the call. You arrive at the scene, which is in a neighborhood with a bad reputation. Upon arrival, you witness a couple, Abby and Bobby, standing outside their house, yelling obscenities at each other.

The couple refuses to calm down and speak with the officers, Christina and David, who are already on the scene. The girlfriend, Abby, is slurring her speech and seems unaware of the trickle of blood running down the side of her head. The boyfriend, Bobby, has extremely bloodshot eyes and does not appear to have slept in days. Moreover, Bobby’s speech is accelerated, and he’s breathing rapidly as if he has just sprinted from the drugstore down the block. You notice that Bobby’s hands and face have scratches all over them.

Also, the front door is open.

Your partner, Edward, has known this couple as they have been in trouble with the law before. He steps in between Abby and Bobby and begins to gather information from Abby, while you call for an ambulance.

As Edward speaks with the couple, you begin to walk around the yard, observing what you can. You look in through the front door, and while there is only one light on in the house, you observe what appears to be a bong and a baggie of marijuana on the coffee table in the front room of the house. Because Edward is standing with Abby and there are two other officers outside with Bobby, you decide to enter the house to take a closer look.

You discover that there is indeed a bong and a baggie of marijuana on the table. Looking under the couch next to the coffee table, you discover a shotgun as well. You begin to wonder what other illegal items might be in the house, when you hear a yell from outside and run out to discover that Bobby is being handcuffed and put in a police car. Apparently, Bobby tried to use a weapon on Abby in front of Edward and the other officers.

He is quoted as saying, “Just because the cops are here doesn’t mean I won’t finish what I started!” as he reached for his waistband.

As Bobby is being driven away, Abby breaks down into tears and cries out after her boyfriend, “Don’t worry, baby! I’ll come bail you out as soon as I can turn a little profit with the goods!”

You tell your partner what you observed in the house. After the paramedics declare that Abby’s head injury is nothing more than a bad scratch, your partner and you drive Abby down to the police precinct for further questioning, leaving Christina and David at the scene to secure it until more investigation can be done.

What You Need to Do . . .

Utilizing APA guidelines and citing relevant case law and specific details from external sources, present a 4- to 6-page research paper that explains what you need to do next with respect to the evidence left behind at the scene. In addition, consider what you need to do with any other evidence you may discover at the precinct from Abby and Bobby or on their persons. As you consider your next steps, address the following issues:

  • Do you have probable cause to arrest Abby for any crime? Explain.
  • What information, if any, must you list on an affidavit to secure a search warrant for Abby and Bobby’s house?
  • What actions (or inactions) taken by officers Christina and David were relevant with respect to the evidence you discovered on the scene?
  • What is the scope of your warrant?
  • Should you search Abby and Bobby upon their arrival at the precinct? What do you expect to discover on their persons and at the crime scene? How will you obtain evidence that may or may not be found on Abby and Bobby’s person? For instance, they may have drugs in their pockets, or Bobby may have another weapon on his person.

Brief the case of Costanza v. Seinfeld

Brief the case of Costanza v. Seinfeld, 181 Misc. 2d 562, 693 N.Y.S.2d 897 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. County 1999). Your brief may be no longer than 2 pages single-spaced. You must locate the case using Lexis.

Refer to “Web Resources” for additional information regarding case briefs. As you will see, there are many differing formats for and approaches to writing case briefs. It is helpful for you to look at the differing examples, particularly since this will be, in most cases, your first attempt at writing a case brief.

http://www.lexisnexis.com.ezproxy1.apus.edu/hottopics/lnacademic/

http://www.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/research/brief.html

http://www.lawnerds.com/guide/briefing.html

http://www.cjed.com/brief.htm

Psychopathology and Criminality

Psychopathology and Criminality

You work in a major metropolitan city jail as a corrections officer (CO). Your unit just got a new commander who came in from the headquarters administrative prison bureau, and this is his first assignment commanding actual COs in the field working in the cell block. Right away, you note that he is abrupt and demanding.

During a health and welfare sweep for contraband in a wing of the cell block, an ethnic male who is rumored to have been supplying inmates with controlled substances is found to have a small amount of marijuana concealed in his bunk. The new supervisor is trying to show how tough he is and is directing the CO team to only pick up all of the males that match the approximate age and ethnicity of this inmate and shake them down. All attempts by the members of the CO unit to get the supervisor to reconsider are met with an extreme violent reaction in which he starts screaming and relating that he knows this is a disloyal group and that he will see to it that the team is punished for disobeying an order. Then he starts yelling about not being able to commit to a campaign without good troops. The team became concerned about the new commander. They got together and came to you, as the senior member, asking what to do.

Please respond to the following questions. You must provide meaningful feedback to the main postings of at least two of your classmates:

  • What is the likely mental state of the new commander?
  • How could orders from this new commander to the unit cause issues with the corrections officers and their relationship in the inmate population?
  • Do you feel that this commander should be allowed to resume this position as your commander after he sees a trained mental health professional?

Argument paper on Capital Punishment

Works Cited “The Case Against the Death Penalty.” American Civil Liberties Union. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Aug. 2015. <https://www.aclu.org/case-against-death-penalty>. “Death Penalty: Is Capital Punishment Morally Justified?” The Conversation. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Aug. 2015. <http://theconversation.com/death-penalty-is-capital-punishment-morally-justified-42970>. Davis, Kevin. “Faith And Fiscal Responsibility Cause Many Conservatives To Change Their View Of The Death Penalty.” ABA Journal (2015): 1. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 Aug. 2015. Topic: Capital Punishment Position or Argument: Arguments for and Against the Death Penalty Feedback 7/29/15 4:25 PM Shalini: This is fine but you have to take a posiition, either for or against and argue it. you will cite evidence for your position and refute opposing positions.

Current Event – The Patriot Act

FORMAT: The only guidelines here will be that the paper must be at least five to ten pages long, double spaced and it should have one inch margins. Make a title page. Use font size 10-12 pt. You need to have a separate bibliography showing your sources in detail… You will be required to prepare a brief analysis of a current event in U.S. government during the course. This assignment involves selecting an issue in current American politics that is likely to be highly visible during the time you are taking the course. The topic will be tracked in the print media, especially the New York Times, the Washington Post, or the Philadelphia Inquirer supplemented by weekly news magazines, and the Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, all located in most local libraries. You may also want to use the Internet to gain news articles from The New York Times and the Washington Post on the World Wide Web, http://www.newyorktimes.com/ and http://www.washingtonpost.com/. The presidential Web site is http://www.whitehouse.gov/ and the Congressional Web site is http://thomas.loc.gov/. You are expected to cite your sources appropriately and include a “Works Cited” or bibliography at the end of your assignment. Several methods of citation are acceptable. English courses use the Modern Language Association (MLA) format contained in the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 3rd ed. (1988) or later edition. The American Psychological Association (APA) uses a format contained in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 3rd ed. (1983) or later edition. Political Science majors should use the American Political Science Association (APSA) format contained in the Style Manual for Political Science, revised edition (2001). The APSA manual uses a modified version of The Chicago Manual, published by the University of Chicago. This course directive follows the APSA style manual and you can use this Study Guide as a reference for documenting your paper. Any of the above styles for citations are acceptable. Most bookstores have writing handbooks that contain the above writing styles. You may use this study guide as an example of how to correctly cite your sources. Additional citation information is also available at the Penn State University Libraries web page, which is included on your course syllabus. Here are some websites to help you do citations: http://www.psci.unt.edu/~pmcollins/APSA%20Citation%20and%20Reference%20Guidelines.pdf https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ Here is a link to show you how to make your bibliography: http://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-projects/project_bibliography.shtml#examples Here is a link to show you how to do in-text referencing in the MLA style: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/02/ Here is a link to show you how to do in-text referencing in the APA style: http://www.noodletools.com/helpdesk/kb/index.php?action=article&id=52 Sloppy note-taking during the preparatory phase prior to writing a draft is the number one cause of inadvertent plagiarism. As you collect articles in your notebook, be sure to record bibliographic information for every article so that you can properly cite the author’s work in your report (author, date, and page number). Exercise care in documenting direct quotes and paraphrasing or summarizing the author’s work in your report. ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTION TO THE CURRENT EVENTS PROJECT As you proceed through this course, you should build a bibliography of sources you are citing for your current event analyses. You should include appropriate citations with this paper. Your assignment now is to write a three-to-four-page discussion of the role of the media, voters, political parties, and interest groups in the context of your current event. Your paper must deal with the following questions: What are the various “sides” to the issue, and who are the players associated with each side? For example, what interest groups, political parties, public opinion polls, or individuals have emerged related to your topic? What are the objectives and concerns of these actors, and what policy options are they advocating? Finally, how have the governmental actors (President, Congress, and courts) responded to these pressures? This assignment is easier than you think. The assignment does not ask you to decide which side is “right” nor does it ask you to identify which side you favor. Instead, we want you to understand the powertics of “who gets what, how” in the American political system. Also, this is an opportunity for you to review the important aspects of the U.S. government as you prepare for the final exam. Be sure to appropriately cite the sources you are using, and include full citations in the form of a bibliography at the end of the paper. The bibliography does not count toward the three-to-four pages you need for the paper. DO NOT USE WIKIPEDIA AS A SOURCE !!!!! Please create your assignment in Microsoft Word and save the file to your computer before you use the form below to upload your assignment. Please do not just paste your responses into the box below

Corrections

You have graduated from the AIU Online Campus, and now you are working for Corrections Corporation of America (CCA) within the long-term planning department of private prisons. As a Private Prison Design Specialist, you have the authority to conceptualize future prisons around the prison issues of today and tomorrow, so your supervisor has turned to you to discuss some issues in a paper of 2–3 pages to be submitted for review. You have a reputation for thinking outside of the box while being realistic and because of this, your supervisor feels you can properly address alternatives to incarceration. Now you are to make the changes, as outlined below, based upon today’s resources and prison systems.
Prisons are overloaded with inmates who are incarcerated for drug offenses. What is an alternative to incarcerating them? Describe how you would handle this type of problem without incarceration, and give reasons supporting why your solution would be more cost-effective and prone to rehabilitation. Be sure to reference all sources using APA style.

Introduction to Homeland Security

 
The director sent an e-mail that requested you to conduct some research and provide an explanation of the terms that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) uses to define the following DHS missions:
 

  • Preventing terrorism and enhancing security
  • Managing U.S. borders
  • Administering immigration laws
  • Securing cyberspace
  • Ensuring disaster resilience
    The director has requested an analysis and recommendation of which mission area is currently the most critical and where she should concentrate her efforts. You must ensure that your recommendation is fully justified in your explanation.

Research Project

Legal and Ethical Challenges in a Multinational Organization  Part I

Read the scenario and the questions that follow. Identify the legal issue(s) and apply legal concepts and possible arguments for each question. Prepare a resolution for each question using laws, cases, examples, and/or other relevant materials. In a separate section of the paper, identify potential ethical issues and propose a solution for each issue. Finally, provide suggestions to help the organization to avoid future occurrences of the legal and ethical issues identified in the dilemma. Support your answers with information from the textbook and at least two scholarly sources other than the text and course lectures. prepare an 8- to 12-page APA format paper that identifies the legal issues and potential solutions and answers all questions presented, supported by relevant legal authority. Properly cite all sources using APA format.
This assignment requires application of the concepts learned in Weeks 1–3 and is worth significantly more than previous assignments.

Submission Details

Walexron is a publicly traded, US multinational corporation headquartered in Little Rock, Arkansas, operating in all 50 states, Europe, Asia, South America, and Africa. In 2009, Walexron was created by the consolidation of a large discount retailer, express carrier, and energy company with the intent to become one of the most powerful and efficient companies in the world.
 
Manuel Perez was hired by Walexron as a full-time employee in one of the retail store in Brownsville, Texas, in 2009 and was terminated in 2012. Perez filed a lawsuit based on wrongful termination in which he asserted the company terminated him after he complained about various employment practices that violated state and federal laws. Walexron filed a petition to compel arbitration as required by the employee handbook. Walexron claimed the arbitration policy was displayed on page 51 in the employee handbook that Perez agreed to abide by as evidenced by his signature acknowledging receipt of the handbook. The clause provides, in part, that arbitration will be the exclusive forum for resolving all disputes between Employer and Perez “arising out of claims for wrongful termination, discrimination, retaliation or harassment in violation of state or federal law, alleged violation of state or federal family and medical leave laws and other laws pertaining to employment, and for unpaid wages under state or federal law.” Another provision of the Handbook provides that it “is not intended to create a contract of employment and does not in any way alter the at-will employment relationship between [Employer] and its Employees.”
 
Perez signed a document titled “Acknowledgment of Receipt of Employee Handbook,” which states that the Handbook contains important information about Employer’s general personnel policies and Perez’s privileges and obligations as an employee. The document also states, “I understand that I am governed by the content of the Handbook and that [Employer] may change, rescind or add to any policies, benefits or practices described in the Handbook from time to time in its sole and absolute discretion, with or without prior notice.” Perez asserts that English was not his first language and had difficulty reading and understanding the handbook.
 
Over the past two years, Walexron had 36 claims brought to arbitration by employees. All 36 claims were arbitrated by the same dispute resolution agency selected by Walexron.
 
Six months ago, a customer testing a treadmill sold in one of the retail stores was injured when the machine stopped abruptly and threw the customer into a wall. During a review of the discovery documents, it was determined that Dee Struction, an employee of Walexron, deliberately tampered with the machines in retaliation for being passed over for promotion to store manager.
 
Walexron entered into an agreement with Chuangxiang Toys in China to manufacture remote control helicopters, which would carry the name RC Ranger Helicopter W450. Walexron requires its overseas suppliers to conduct quality control testing on most of its imported products before selling them in the stores. In a recent study, there was a small indication that the helicopters had the potential to catch fire if the batteries overheat. Walexron’s executives approved the design anyway, and the helicopters were delivered to Walexron’s stores in the United States, Canada, and South America. Initial market response to the Ranger Helicopters was positive, and many competitors eyed the unique feature of the camera located in the helicopter.
 
A Walexron employee, Lou Scannon, leaked the findings of the safety study to the public and a consumer watchdog group. In a press conference called by Scannon, Lou explained the safety testing process for the Ranger Helicopter and results in detail. Walexron hired Scannon as Director of Purchasing in 2012 and offered him a 5-year contract. In January 2013, Scannon verbally agreed to a confidentiality provision as an addition to his 5-year written employment contract.
 
Kwong Lee, a customer of the photo department at a Walexron store in New Jersey, completed her order online, supplying her full name and phone number. When she picked up her prints at the store, she noticed the receipt showed her name as Ching Chong Lee. Lee was visibly upset and later so angry that she could not eat or sleep.
 
The express delivery service division of Walexron regularly picked up packages of documents from Goin Postal, a packing, shipping, and crating business located in New York. Walexron delivered Postal’s packages all over the world. Goin Postal was a partnership formed by Minnie Stree, Alf Abett, and Duncan Doenutts. Goin Postal was behind on its payments and owed Welexron over $200,000. After collection efforts failed, Welexron sued Goin Postal and obtained a judgment for $200,000 judgment in Welexron’s favor.
 
On the advice of the legal department, the board of directors for Welexron decided to seek enforcement of the judgment against Alf Abett, acting on a tip that Mr. Abett had inherited a large sum of money and that the other partners had no personal assets. As it turned out, Mr. Abett only inherited $10,000 and did not have the funds to pay the judgment. Welexron incurred substantial attorney fees in attempting to collect its judgment from Goin Postal.
 
Adam Upp worked in the accounting department and had been with the retail division for 10 years. Adam started out as a cashier in one of the stores, was promoted to store manager, and eventually promoted to the accounting department at headquarters. Adam received numerous positive job evaluations over the years with the company. Adam and his life partner Pat receive medical, dental, and life insurance benefits as part of Adam’s employment package with Walexron.
 
Adam reported to the Director of Accounting, Eve Ann Jellical, who recently transferred to the retail division from the express delivery division. Eve took away a good portion of Adam’s responsibility and froze his pay. Other employees heard Eve Ann say, “Same-sex marriages are wrong. The Bible states that marriage should be between a man and a woman.” Eve Ann posted Bible verses in the breakroom and at the bottom of her e-mails. Adam reported Eve’s behavior to Human Resources, but Eve’s behavior only escalated after the report. Adam quit two months after filing the report.
 
One of the employees who worked for Adam, Cybil Wrights, reported Adam’s treatment to the EEOC. Cybil was an at-will employee who had been with Walexron five years. In response to the EEOC report, Eve Ann Jellical terminated Cybil.
 
Respond to the following questions using course material and credible outside research to support your findings. Please submit findings in an 8- to 12-page paper using APA format.

  • Will Manuel Perez prevail in invalidating the arbitration clause? Why or why not? Discuss the legal considerations the court will entertain in reaching its decision.Identify the ethical concerns regarding Walexrons approach to the arbitration process and recommend actions Walexron could take to remedy the ethical  concerns.
  • Is Walexron responsible for the actions of Dee Struction? Why or why not?
  • Can Walexron hold Lou Scannon responsible for misappropriation of a trade secret?
  • Is the confidentiality provision within Scannon’s employment contract valid?
  • Identify possible claims Kwong Lee might bring against Walexron and the employee who printed the receipt. Which party is most likely to win? Why?
  • Can Walexron seek to recover from Alf Abett individually on the judgment for the Goin Postal partnership? Why or why not?
  • Using the Business Judgment Rule, did the board of directors fulfill its duty of care to shareholders in suing Alf Abett individually for the Goin Postal judgment? Why or why not?
  • Can Adam Upp sue Walexron for employment discrimination? Can Adam argue constructive discharge in this instance? Can Walexron fire Cybil? Why or why not?
  • As the new Director of Compliance, you have reviewed each of the issues presented and the Vice President of Legal requested that you identify any ethical and legal concerns and provide recommendations on how to avoid both legal and ethical issues in the future. Be specific and detailed, and be sure to base recommendations on relevant legal and ethical principles.

Policy, Lawsuits, and the Mitigation Plan

It is important for those who have an interest in the criminal justice system or in law enforcement to learn about some of the challenges working in a litigious society can create. Criminal justice agencies have developed methods to reduce the chances of incurring lawsuits against their officers and departments. You will glean valuable insight and learn how to begin developing clear, concise, and substantive communication necessary for criminal justice and law enforcement officers.

In this LASA, you will create a 15–20 slide PowerPoint presentation and write your script from the perspective of one of the following roles in Centervale: an internal affairs investigator, compliance officer, or similar official seeking to mitigate and improve the department by reducing the number of legal actions filed against the department. You have been asked to do this presentation in response to the following scenario:

It is common to see groups of youths hanging around various locations in Centervale. A group of mischievous juveniles hang out at a 24 hour Burger Joint on Tenth Street on a fairly regular basis and often get into Saturday night scuffles with other groups of juveniles, which require the police to respond to clear the area. The owner of the Burger Joint has become increasingly concerned about a drastic decrease in sales; however, he continued to look the other way until the scuffles escalated into full-blown fights that involved weapons, such as knives or brass knuckles.

Recently, the owner of the Burger Joint called 911 in a panic because he thought he heard gunshots fired from the parking lot area during a scuffle. Officers from the Centervale Police Department (CPD) arrived on the scene to find several youths involved in a physical fight provoked by a verbal attack, but there were no visible signs of weapons. Officer Jack Newbie just completed Taser training at the Centervale Police Academy. Officer Newbie believes carrying a “non-lethal” alternative to a firearm is beneficial for law enforcement officers.

Officer Newbie and his partner proceeded with caution when attempting to break-up the fight at the Burger Joint because reports of weapons involvement can create very dangerous situations for officers as they approach. Sam White, 15 years old, who was not actively involved in the physical aspect of the scuffle, tried to flee from the scene. Officer Newbie did not give verbal commands before firing his Taser at White as he fled. The Taser’s 50,000-volt of electric shock caused White to go into cardiac arrest upon impact, but he was revived on the way to Centervale Memorial hospital. White’s girlfriend, Rosey Green, a small-framed female, who was visibly showing signs of pregnancy, was distraught and angry over White’s condition. Green jumped onto Officer Newbie’s back, bit him on the neck and punched him in the ear. Officer Newbie’s partner, Officer Joe Flash, Tased Green during the assault. Later that evening Green had a miscarriage and lost her baby. Green and her parents are now suing the CPD for use of excessive force against a minor.

Instructions:

The information from your Power Point Presentation will be used by the CPD to add or change policies and to make high-level executive polices to reduce lawsuits.

The following information must be included in your presentation:

  • Based on your research of the history and your research of issues surrounding liability in policing today, did Officer Newbie’s handling of the situation with White and Green create a liability or potential lawsuit situation for the CPD? Evaluate how the use of force was applied in this situation with regard to White’s attempt to flee the scene and Green’s physical assault of Officer Newbie and suggest a new policy based on your evaluation in your presentation.
  • The CPD’s current use-of-force policy states that the amount of force any officer may use against any individual may be one degree greater than the amount of force being applied by any individual against any officer. Compare and contrast CPD’s use-of-force policy with the facts of the Green Case. In your presentation, explain how Green’s behavior, the facts of the case (i.e., dispatch: fight with weapons), and Officer Newbie’s response align or misalign with the terms of the policy.
  • Create a mitigation action plan (MAP) that contains three recommendations supported by the findings of current empirical research that might help to reduce the number of lawsuits that could be potentially filed against the CPD.
  • Does the definition of a frivolous lawsuit apply to the situation with Officer Newbie and his handling of the White Case? Analyze and discuss how a potential lawsuit filed by White against the CPD might be perceived by the court and how the CPD might mediate or litigate a lawsuit of this nature.

Case Study 2: Consumer Protection

 

Marshall purchased a new Ford truck to use in his air conditioning and heating business. The truck required three trips to the dealership for repair in the first month and continued to suffer from a variety of mechanical problems. Marshall claimed he should be entitled to relief under the state’s lemon laws. While waiting on a response from the dealership and his attorney, Marshall stopped paying the note due to the bank. The bank turned the debt over to a collection agency. The agency called Marshall at his home, office and on his cell phone during all hours of the day, including early mornings and late at night.  Marshall claims the callers threatened to have him arrested if he did not pay.

  • Discuss Marshall’s rights under your state’s lemon laws.
  • Discuss Marshall’s right related to the debt collectors.

Business Law

Case Study 1: Bankruptcy

Devon lost his job as a logistics manager earning $65,000 a year when his former company downsized in 2011; however, he found a new job eight months later as a logistics supervisor for a small company in Jacksonville, Florida.  Devon took a significant cut in pay and now earns $46,000 a year.  Devon is divorced and claims the following debts.

  • Home mortgage in Florida $173,000
  • Child support $440 monthly
  • Credit cards $14,000
  • Student loans $24,000

During the last four months of unemployment, Devon did not pay his mortgage and the bank sought to initiate foreclosure proceedings.  Devon filed a bankruptcy petition under Chapter 7 of the Bankruptcy Code.  Based on federal and state bankruptcy laws, answer the following questions:

  • Is Chapter 7 the appropriate bankruptcy provision for Devon’s case?
  • If Chapter 7 is not appropriate, provide another option and reasons for your selection.
  • Address the status of the debts Devon listed under Chapter 7 and any other provision of bankruptcy you select.

Criminal Justice/Constitutional Law

Find a current event such as a high profile arrest in which search and seizure occurs
Choose one amendment and find a current event tied to that amendment such as a high profile arrest in which search and seizure occurs and discuss which amendment affects the actions.
Write an APA formatted 1,000 to 1,250 word essay in which you analyze the amendment and your chosen event.

Include at least two academic sources in your work.

prohibition in the U.S. Constitution

To complete this research project, assume the perspective of
a criminal defense attorney. You’ve been asked to consult on
two high-profile murder cases, Florida v. Tate and Florida v.
King. These cases were covered on truTV (formerly Court TV)
and in the news. For this assignment, read the background
and sentencing information on each case.
Read about the Tate case in the article listed here:
http://tinyurl.com/pf-LionelTate.
Read about the King brothers? case in the articles listed here:
http://tinyurl.com/pf-kings.
Notice that both of these cases involve a homicide committed
by juveniles, yet the outcomes are vastly different. Lionel Tate
was sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole,
while the King brothers were sentenced to less than 10 years
each. Both cases occurred in Florida.
In 2003, an appeals court threw out Tate?s conviction based on his
young age at the time of the murder, the fact that the murder was his
first arrest, and the fact that the trial judge didn?t very whether Tate
was competent to stand trial. Tate plead guilty to second-degree
murder and, instead of retrying him, the state gave him the deal
he turned down three years earlier: a three-year prison term?he
received credit for the time he served before the appeal?10 years
probation, 1,000 hours of community service, and mandatory counseling.
Tate was released from prison for this charge in January 2004.
Alex Tate was released on April 9, 2008, after serving six years for his
part in his father?s murder. Derek King was released in March 2009
after serving seven years for his part in his father?s murder.After reviewing each case, write an essay discussing
all of the following points:
In addition to murder, do the facts support charging the
defendants in each case with any other crimes discussed
in your text as well as in this study guide? Explain your
answer, which should demonstrate your knowledge of
criminal law.
Based on the facts, what defenses were available to each
of the defendants and why? When discussing the King
case, you can focus on the conduct of only the youngest
brother, Alex.
Based on your knowledge of punishment as discussed in
this course, do the punishments violate the ?cruel and
unusual? prohibition in the U.S. Constitution? Explain
your answer.

Cyber-Crime / Cyber-Terrorism

Directions: Unless otherwise stated, answer in complete sentences, and be sure to use correct English spelling and grammar. Sources must be cited in APA format. Your response should be a minimum of one (1) single-spaced page to a maximum of two (2) pages in length.
To increase your knowledge of the field, write a paper about cyber-crime or cyber-terrorism. These crimes can be extremely damaging and expensive to those who are targeted. It is one thing to say that we should
go after these criminals and bring charges against them. It is yet another to actually do it. For your writing assignment, discuss some of the problems you see in prosecuting these type cases. For example, by definition, this crime occurs in “cyberspace.” Where, exactly, is “cyberspace”? How does a detective with your city’s police department have jurisdiction over the crime? Better yet, how does the detective get jurisdiction over the criminal even if he or she can be located? Or does the detective have to turn the case over to the FBI? Scotland Yard? Interpol? What if what you want to prosecute is not against the law where the person is located? Does that change things? Are there specific laws in your state that deal with cyber-crime? What are some examples of cyber-crime? Is this like lassoing a cloud?
In writing your paper, I want you to discuss some of the problems you see in pursuing an effective prosecution. Use the specific questions I have posed as starting points for your own research and written discussion.
This assignment must be a neat, professional presentation. Proper punctuation, spelling, and usage of grammar are imperative.

Columbine Shootings

Directions: Be sure Unless otherwise stated, answer in complete sentences, and be sure to use correct English spelling and grammar. Sources must be cited in APA format. Your response should be a minimum of one (1) single-spaced page to a maximum of two (2) pages in length.
To increase your knowledge of the field, research and write a paper about the Columbine shootings.
On April 20, 1999, at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado, two students of that school, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, carried out a premeditated assault against the staff and students. Thirteen individuals were slain, and dozens of people were injured. Police and sheriff units arrived on the scene within minutes from a number of different agencies, along with SWAT teams, and state and federal law enforcement agents. Yet it would be hours before the incident was contained and the dead and injured were brought out of the school. It was a senseless, merciless situation. The only thing more brutal than the incident itself was the criticism of the way the police handled the situation, and, quite frankly, the criticism was justified.
For your writing assignment, I want you to begin by telling me why the police response was criticized. Was the IMS used? If so, what amount of success did it have? If not, why not? What things do you think the police did wrong or handled incorrectly? After explaining to me what happened and the problems with the police response, I want you to use what you have learned in this course and write the protocol for the “next” Columbine. In other words, were this to happen a month from now, I want the police to be able to use your paper to tell them how to respond to and handle the call, with the primary concern being , as always, to save as many lives as possible while putting as few lives at risk as possible.
This assignment must be a neat, professional presentation. Proper punctuation, spelling, and usage of grammar are imperative.

Interpreting Geo-visualizations

Based on the required readings, lecture materials, scenario, and video for Week 3, you will turn in a word processing document with the following elements:
1. A cover sheet.
2. An abstract stating:
a. The problem your paper seeks to address (1-2 sentences),
b. What method you used to address the problem (1-2 sentences),
c. And what results your efforts achieved (1-2 sentences).
3. No less than four full pages of written text interpreting the results of the average nearest neighbor test, including a discussion of the p-values, AND interpreting the results of the kernel density analysis This section must include:
a. An introduction (no less than 5 sentences),
b. An explicit thesis statement (“This paper does this, this, and this.”),
c. The results of your research addressing the two required topics properly citing all sources using APA formatting,
d. And a conclusion answering the question, “So what?” about the rest of your paper (no less than 5 sentences).
4. A bibliography of ALL sources used for your paper in APA format (usehttp://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ as a guide if necessary).
5. You may (but are not required) to reproduce the images of the analysis results in your paper, but they will NOT count toward the required minimum length of text.
Your assignment should carefully adhere to the following guidelines:
1. All formatting, from the structure of the paper to citations, should conform to APA guidelines.
2. All work must be original and in your own words. No direct quotes permitted.
3. Use a 12-point font with 1-inch margins, double-spaced.
4. All text should be written in standard prose (no bullet points).
Click the Images for Higher Resolutions

Law homework

In Chapter 2 of the text, our author summarizes five U.S. Supreme Court Cases:

  1. Kent v. United States (1966)
  2. re Gault (1967)
  3. re Winship (1970)
  4. McKeiver v. Pennsylvania (1971)
  5. Breed v. Jones (1975)

These five cases show differences and similarities between the adult and juvenile justice systems. Why is it necessary to have different justice systems when looking at people who commit crimes? How do these cases affect how the law is applied to juveniles? Are there other differences between the adult and juvenile justice systems that would indicate juveniles have modified or more restricted rights when dealing with the juvenile justice system?
Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length. Support your claims with examples from the required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7 and continue to support your arguments with examples from the required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources. Review your classmates’ opinions of the effects these U.S. Supreme Court cases on the juvenile justice systems. In your response posts, discuss how the social justice principles of equality, solidarity, and human rights are applied to juveniles in an effort to build a more just society.

Law Research Paper

Instructions of Preparing MIS Research Report:
Students are required to demonstrate research skill by conducting an individual graduate-level
research project. The purpose of the project is to equip students with independent academic
research capability. Each student is expected to carry out an in-depth investigation on the current
MIS issues such as innovations, strategies, regulations, policies, best practices, and impacts of
management information systems on the organization. The final project paper will be a formal
report within the range of 20 to 40 double-spaced pages (excluding appendix) in the APA style.
Specific Note on Proposal from the Professor – IMPORTANT

  1. Conduct a thorough literature review onyour research topic and its current issues mentioned in your proposal and other areas such as user acceptance, user training, culture shift, security, regulations, and PAPA (i.e., privacy, accuracy, property, and accessibility) mentioned in the textbook.

Website with info on PAPA: http://andreasinica.blogspot.com/2008/04/article-review-richard-o.html

  1. For technical and implementation issues, you can refer to Figures 6.3, 6.4 and 6.7 (pp. 174, 175 & 181, respectively). Address some principles ofimplementing robot lawyers in organization. In addition to SWOT analysis, you may also extend your research to other managerial considerations such as adaptability, standardization, scalability, ROI, green concept, etc. (pp. 185-191 and 356-371).
  1. Tabulate and summarize possible impacts ofrobot lawyers on user satisfaction, employee productivity, and business performance.
  1. Draw implications and conclusions from your research results such as observations, cases of best practice, failures, and lessons learned.
  1. Prepare a cover page with the title of your research project, your name, and report date.
  2. Provide an abstract to summarize your research purpose, research method and results.

Following by 4 to 6 keywords.

  1. List headings and subheadings in a table of contents with associated page numbers.
  2. Keep direct quotes to a minimum level or avoid them. Turnitin may treat them as a potential

plagiarism. Turnitin score MUST be 15% or lower.

  1. Refer and cite at least ten (10) scholarly journal articles and/or books.

You can use corporate white papers and trade magazine reports in addition to
those ten required scholarly articles. Give appropriate citations in your report following APA
style. Cited articles shall be listed in alphabetical order of author’s last name in the
“References” section. Un-cited articles shall not be listed or submitted.

  1. Provide implications, lessons learned if any, and possible future research directions.
  2. Draw conclusion from your research results and summarize contributions to the literature.
  3. Check your margins (1 inch all sides), spacing (Spacing-Before: 0 pt, After: 0 pt; Line

Spacing: Double), spelling and typographical errors (grammar, punctuation, titles of figure
NY Times – Supporting
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/05/science/05legal.html?_r=0
Hacked – Supporting
https://hacked.com/legal-consulting-firm-believes-artificial-intelligence-replace-lawyers-2030/
Dataconomy – Suporting
http://dataconomy.com/lawyers-at-risk-of-losing-their-jobs-to-ai-by-2030-reveals-recent-study/
BOL
https://bol.bna.com/as-data-streams-grow-lawyers-look-for-new-ways-to-find-facts/
http://www.corpcounsel.com/id=1202726879749/Is-the-Debate-on-Predictive-Coding-Ending
BOL – Counter Argument
https://bol.bna.com/lawyers-with-real-intelligence-will-defeat-artificial-intelligence/
Pitfalls of Predictive Coding
http://www.shapirosher.com/uploads/cke_documents/EsworthySidebarWinter2013.pdf
15 Pages double spaced

Policing Practices and Operations Paper

Write a 1,050- to 1,750-word paper discussing policing practices and operations. Include an assessment of the following:
• The relationship between traditional organizational structures of policing agencies
• Communication patterns both within and outside the policing agency
• Current trends in the approach to the policing function
Identify any existing issues with the partnership between law enforcement and community.
Recommend any necessary changes to improve partnerships between law enforcement and community.
Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines. Include in-text citations and references.

Philosopher's Views on Martin Luther King and George Wallace

Listen to (or read) the speeches by Martin Luther King and George Wallace concerning the issue of segregation and analyze the transcript of those speeches. Identify views of philosophers or philosophical theories discussed during the term that relate to these speeches. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered the following speech on August 28, 1963 at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. The text for this speech is available through the Kaplan Library. King, J. (2009). I Have a Dream Speech. I Have A Dream (Primary Source Document), 1. Audio Recording Governor George Wallace delivered the following speech on January 14, 1963 during his inaugural address. The text for this speech is available at the following website: Source: Inaugural address of Governor George Wallace, which was delivered at the capitol in Montgomery, Alabama: ADAH Digital Collections. Retrieved from http://digital.archives.alabama.gov/cdm/singleitem/collection/voices/id/2952/rec/5 You can listen to the speech here: Source: George Wallace’s 1963 Inaugural Speech January 14, 1962: AlabamaArchives [Web video]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sMDWov-kGcQ Analyze the statements of each speaker. What does each statement imply regarding their views on the following legal philosophical issues: the legitimacy of positive law versus natural law a subject’s duty to obey the law how law should or should not be used to promote the common good Harm to others principle as justification for his views the roles paternalism and autonomy should play in determining the aims of law the role morality should play in determining the aims of law Identify the statements in the speech that support your position. Justify your arguments by referencing the views of philosophers or philosophical theories discussed during the term. Supplement your discussion with material from two sources other than the textbook. If you perform the Assignment completely, you will have 12 arguments total, six for each speaker. Your paper should be at least 1500 words in length, exclusive of references. In addition to fulfilling the specifics of the Assignment, a successful paper must also meet the following criteria: Length of each summary should be at least 1500 words excluding cover page and references. Viewpoint and purpose should be clearly established and sustained. Assignment should follow the conventions of Standard American English (correct grammar, punctuation, etc.). Writing should be well ordered, logical and unified, as well as original and insightful. Your work should display superior content, organization, style, and mechanics. Appropriate citation style should be followed.

Supreme Court's decision in Citizens United

This may be the most difficult reflection this semester because campaign finance law can be rather confusing.
In order for you to better understand the ramifications of the Supreme Court’s decision in Citizens United, I have gathered various sources.  First, and probably the most entertaining are clips from the Colbert Report.  Stephen Colbert won a Peabody award for for his shows that explain the new campaign finance laws. I am attaching a word document that has links to the most informative video clips.
Cobert Videos.docxPreview the documentView in a new window
Now, skim through the attached articles.  They will help you understand the questions surrounding Citizens United vs.Federal Election Commission.
Ramifications of Citizens United.pdfPreview the documentView in a new window
The Citizens United Ruling.pdfPreview the documentView in a new window
Citizens United Decision and Why it Matters.pdfPreview the documentView in a new window
What the Smart-erotti Are Saying About Citizens United.pdfPreview the documentView in a new window
Justice Preview the documentView in a new windowStevens on Citizens United.pdfPreview the documentView in a new window
Now, watch the documentaryBig Sky – Big Money
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/big-sky-big-money/ (Links to an external site.)
In two to three pages (or more if you want) answer this question. Do you think the Supreme Court was correct in its ruling in Citizens United vs. Federal Election Commission? Why or why not?
In order to earn full credit on this assignment you must demonstrate that you understand the ramifications of the Citizens United ruling.  Also, you must demonstrate that you watched the documentary.
Please refer to the “Citation Rules” I posted in CANVAS.

Private Security

In your textbook is a discussion of psychological assessment, which is one of the final tests administered to a candidate for security employment. At what point in the selection process is psychological testing administered? Why? What five specific tests may be administered? What traits and conditions would screen out an applicant and prevent him or her from being employed?
 

Law homework

You are the Chief of the District Attorney’s Investigation Team for a major metropolitan area. You budget recently allowed you to hire 16 new investigators that will be sprinkled throughout your department. While the new personnel are a blessing you realize that they have had little time as investigators and you are concerned that they be properly trained in issues of the exclusionary rule to avoid problems later on during investigations. This is a political hot potato because these are supposed to be the best investigators in the jurisdiction. You have already provided an extensive paper with your new investigators and noticed and interest they had on exceptions to the Exclusionary Rule. You have decided to provide a 4-6 page addendum to last weeks training to address some of the exceptions.
In a 4-6 page white paper to the newly assigned District Attorney Investigation Squad investigators instruction and explanation will be provided for training. Please include responses to the bulleted issues listed below. There are a number of evidence related resources that are not found in academic journals that may be utilized as references in this assignment. It is critical that when you make a statement of fact in your presentation that you cite the reference you obtained the information from in the text of the paper and that the reference is included in your reference page. As always your paper will be submitted in the APA format current edition. No abstract is required as this is a short position paper but a title page, reference page, and appropriate running header with page numbers are necessary.

  • Detail the concept for admissibility of plain sight evidence and the legal requirements for the investigator to invoke a plain sight seizure.
  • Explain how evidence that would have been found without the questionable search that violates the exclusionary rule could ultimately be admissible as evidence.
  • Relate how the court views investigators and realizes that human error will sometimes result in faulty paperwork. Explain how the court allows for such errors in the “Good Faith” principle.
  • The student will select two of the three concepts known as dying declaration, the silver platter rule, and exigent circumstance. The student will expound on the meaning of each and why the court believes in such exceptions to constitutional requirements
  • The student will articulate the types of situations where it is permissible to lie to a suspect to elicit a confession. What aspects would be allowed by the court and what would be prohibited.

 
Be sure to reference all sources using APA style.

Evidence and Arson

You are the supervisor for the Beatts City Arson Squad. It is 3:00 a.m., and the temperature is below freezing. Your unit is called to a suspicious fire scene. Your team consists of you and 3 others. Upon arrival, you discover that the fire is at the Novandon Discount Department Store. There are 6,000 of these stores in the United States, and they are very successful. This store is two stories high and has a customer elevator in the front of the store and a freight elevator in the rear.
The battalion fire chief reported to you that the crowd of onlookers braving the cold to watch the fire contains about 100 people. In addition, the battalion chief provides you with 3 plastic gas containers (3 gallons each), the type used for putting gas in lawn mowers. They all have residual amounts of what smells like gasoline in them. The spouts are attached, and the caps are off of all three cans. One of your investigators takes them as evidence.
The battalion chief related that the fire had 3 points of origin. One point of origin is upstairs in the rear warehouse section, one in the upstairs ladies’ clothing department, and one downstairs in the side entrance of the store where the outdoor and garden section is located. It is clearly an arson fire. The battalion chief tells you that the fire will be under control in about 45 minutes, and he will release the scene shortly after that. You are aware, from local media sources, that this chain of stores has had employee relationship problems—specifically with gender inequality—and recently laid off 18 women for complaining.
Prepare a report on the details of the Novandon Discount Department Store arson fire. You should include the processing of evidence provided in the scenario and the processing of evidence found at the points of origin of the fire. This includes how and why you recorded the artifacts and the scene. You should include safety equipment and precautions you took during processing.
Explain your probable cause for getting a warrant for the scene.
Assignment Guidelines

  • Address the following in 5–7 pages:
    • What are 2 actions that can be taken pertaining to the crowd of onlookers that might help you identify the offender(s)? Explain.
    • What are 2 areas you would check to ensure the scene can be searched safely? Explain.
    • What personnel records and other business papers should you subpoena from the Novandon Discount Department Store? Explain why.
    • What are 3 artifacts of a fire that would indicate the heat of the fire and points of origin? Explain.
    • What are 2 elements of evidence you would expect to find in the scene? Explain.
      • How would you collect them for evidence? Explain in detail.
    • What is 1 method for search, other than visual, you would use to identify the presence of an accelerant? Explain the process.
    • What are 2 items of equipment that will be absolutely necessary to conduct the crime scene search? Explain.
    • Promulgate a theory, based on facts and not on emotions, on the circumstances surrounding this arson investigation. Be as creative as necessary, but support all statements accordingly.
  • Be sure to reference all sources using APA style.

Please submit your assignment.
 
For assistance with your assignment, please use your text, Web resources, and all course materials.

Evidence and Arson

You are the training and logistics officer for the Metropolitan Arson Squad. Your position requires you to demonstrate in writing the training and equipment needed for an arson unit to successfully operate in the field while conducting arson scene investigations. Your job is extremely important because the equipment and training sessions you are responsible for will save the lives of the unit and the public.
You will explain the resources and training necessary to accomplish the mission of arson investigation in the greater metropolitan area. You will address tools and equipment for strategic needs as well as safety equipment. You will also discuss training that would support the arson crime investigative effort.

  • Address the following in 3–5 pages:
    • Describe the personal items each arson investigator should carry.
    • Identify at least 2 lighting types that would be necessary to use in an arson scene.
    • Thinking of head-to-toe protection, describe 4 critical items of safety equipment and their intended uses.
    • What is the minimum number of personnel at an arson scene investigation? Why is that number important? Explain.
    • Why is it important to be able to conduct a scientific interview? Explain in detail.
  • Be sure to reference all sources using APA style.

Please submit your assignment.
For assistance with your assignment, please use your text, Web resources, and all course materials.

Write Your Own Bill

Scenario:

You are a newly elected Member of Congress. It is up to you as to whether you are a Senator or a Representative from your State.  You made several important promises during your campaign and now that you have taken your seat, you need to show the constituents you represent that you are going to fulfill at least one of these promises with a bill you write and introduce into your chamber.
Directions:

  1. Choose a topic for your bill:
    1. Envision the constituents that elected you
    2. Imagine that you have interacted with your constituents
    3. What’s making news?
    4. Look to other states
    5. Look to your own experience
    6. Look at current logs and regulations
    7. Use the internet
  2. Research your bill topic:
    1. Look at existing law
    2. Explore various solutions to the issue
    3. Support your position with facts and figures
    4. Determine your support and opposition
  3. When writing your bill:
    1. Ensure clarity, organization and accuracy
    2. Ensure you are creating law
    3. Anticipate questions and concerns
    4. Proofread and check grammar
  4. Bill structure (see attached)
  5. Bill writing checklist (see attached)

Some links that may help you understand how to write a bill:

Review the Bill Writing Checklist. Using the Bill Structure document fill in all sections to write your bill.
To complete this assignment, you must submit the completed Bill Structure Document that clearly illustrates all components of a professionally written bill and address all required elements of the assignment listed in the grading criteria below.
The assignment must be submitted as a Word document. Include APA formatted title and reference page. Be sure to cite any references used in APA format..

CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM

Regardless of the philosophical approach one embraces with regard to the criminal justice system (due process vs. crime control, consensus or conflict model, or individual rights vs. public order), the police, courts, and correctional components must operate within a multicultural society; that includes non-conventional racial and gender roles.
Beginning with the material conveyed in the assigned reading and presentation, discuss how multiculturalism and diversity impact the application of those philosophical approaches by the criminal justice groups (police, courts, and correctional) charged with achieving justice. Expand upon the provided material with scholarly research to support your position. Finally, integrate within your discussion the impact of a Judeo-Christian viewpoint on the implementation of criminal justice to principles inside and outside of the organization.

Policy Analysis assignment

The purpose of this assignment is to introduce students to a particular policy issue that has been discussed on two (2) presidential administrations; when the policy began, its impact over various sectors, and his effectiveness over time.
Pick one (1) similar federal policy that was discussed over a span of two (2) different administrations. For example, President Clinton’s and Obama’s healthcare policies or President’s George H.W. Bush’s and George W. Bush’s foreign policy.
Write a three to four (3-4) page paper in which you:
1. Discuss the historical perspective of the time when the policy was discussed or implemented. Indicate the context or the problem of the day and the urgency for the policy.
2. Analyze the social, economic, and political environments for the times the policy was discussed or implemented.
3. Critique the policy for its effectiveness of the time.
4. Include at least four (4) peer-reviewed references (no more than five [5] years old) from material outside the textbook. Note: Appropriate peer-reviewed references include scholarly articles and governmental Websites. Wikipedia, other wikis, and any other Websites ending in anything other than “.gov” do not qualify as peer-reviewed.
Your assignment must:
 Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
 Include a cover page containing the tile of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
• Analyze how historical trends and conditions have affected social, political, and management theories, and how they have influenced the evolution of public administration in theory and practice.
• Analyze the current trends in the approach to public policy and administration.
• Interpret what public policy is and how it is created.
• Explain how environmental factors (structural, political, economic, demographic) influence the development of public policy.
• Use technology and information resources to research issues and in politics, policy, and ethics in the public sector.
• Write clearly and concisely about policy for issues in politics, policy, and ethics in the public sector using proper writing mechanics.
 Grading for this assignment will be based on answer quality, logic / organization of the paper, and language and writing skills, using the following rubric.
Points: 150 Assignment 1: Historical Perspective
Criteria Unacceptable
Below 70% F Fair
70-79% C Proficient
80-89% B Exemplary
90-100% A
1. Discuss the historical perspective of the time when the policy was discussed or implemented. Indicate the context or the problem of the day and the urgency for the policy.
Weight: 25% Did not submit or incompletely discussed the historical perspective of the time when the policy was discussed or implemented. Did not submit or incompletely indicated the context or the problem of the day and the urgency for the policy. Partially discussed the historical perspective of the time when the policy was discussed or implemented. Partially indicated the context or the problem of the day and the urgency for the policy. Satisfactorily discussed the historical perspective of the time when the policy was discussed or implemented. Satisfactorily indicated the context or the problem of the day and the urgency for the policy. Thoroughly discussed the historical perspective of the time when the policy was discussed or implemented. Thoroughly indicated the context or the problem of the day and the urgency for the policy.
2. Analyze the social, economic, and political environments for the times the policy was discussed or implemented.
Weight: 30% Did not submit or incompletely analyzed the social, economic, and political environments for the times the policy was discussed or implemented. Partially analyzed the social, economic, and political environments for the times the policy discussed or implemented. Satisfactorily analyzed the social, economic, and political environments for the times the policy was discussed or implemented. Thoroughly analyzed the social, economic, and political environments for the times the policy was discussed or implemented.
3. Critique the policy for its effectiveness of the time.
Weight: 30% Did not submit or incompletely critiqued the policy for its effectiveness of the time. Partially critiqued the policy for its effectiveness of the time. Satisfactorily critiqued the policy for its effectiveness of the time. Thoroughly critiqued the policy for its effectiveness of the time.
4. 4-5 References
Weight: 5% Does not meet the required number of references Meets the required number of references; some or all references poor quality choices. Meets number of required references; all references good quality choices. Exceeds number of required references; all references high quality choices.
5. Clarity and writing mechanics
Weight: 10% More than 6 errors present 5-6 errors present 3-4 errors present 0-2 errors present
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Terrorism and Organized Crime

Assignment Instructions The Research Paper will consist of 15-20 double spaced pages (not including title page and reference page). The research will address one of the following five topics: 1. Terrorism and Organized Crime: Similarities and Differences (Connected to Course Learning Objective #4, i.e., Report on how terrorism differs from organized crime). 2. History of Organized Crime in the U.S. (Connection to several Course Learning Objectives #2. Assess organized crime’s ability to continue flourishing through the application of sociological and criminological theory; #3 Interpret the historical and socio-political patterns of organized crime in the United States; #6 Compare the origins, characteristics, and national makeup of Asian Crime and Russian organized crime groups, #7. Separate traits and characteristics of the two main Italian Mafia groups, that is, the well-known Cosa Nostra and the newer Calabrian ‘Ndrangheta; and #8. Scrutinize major organized crime statutes, such as the Harrison Act, the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), and Prohibition). 3. Explaining Organized Crime Through the Lens of Rational Choice Theory, or another sociological and or criminological criminal justice theory of your choice. (Connected to Course Learning Objective #2, i.e., Assess Transnational Organized Crime’s ability to continue flourishing through the application of criminological theory). 4. Which Poses the Biggest Threat to the U.S….Russian or Asian Organized Crime? (Connected to Course Learning Objective #6. Compare the origins, characteristics, and national makeup of Asian Crime and Russian organized crime groups) 5. A topic of interest to the student, which is fully related to this course, and approved in advance by the instructor. Note: Any proposed topic must be shown to directly connect to one of the course learning objectives identified in the syllabus This paper must have at least 10 references from primary sources, for example the weekly readings, peer-reviewed journals, etc. Use of newspapers, news magazines, and similar periodicals must be kept to a minimum but a fine for background material. Students are encouraged to use the APUS online library in order to utilize peer-reviewed journals to the maximum extent possible. Web sources should be evaluated based on the site sponsor, among other things, such as: How long has the site existed? Is there sufficient information to judge credentials, authenticity, credibility, and bias? Are facts supported by cited sources? Is the material published only on the web? Wikipedia is not an acceptable source. The paper will be evaluated on the grading rubric listed in your week 6 lesson. It is also attached to this posting. The research paper must be written using American Psychological Association (APA) style. In part this must include the following: (b) Times New Roman style, (c) 12-point font, (d) double-spaced, with (e) 1 inch page margins all around. For general guidance see the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th Edition, 2010; and, web links at: http://www.apastyle.org/ http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/print/research/PDFs/r_apa.pdf http://www.vanguard.edu/faculty/ddegelman/index.cfm?doc_id=796 http://webster.commnet.edu/apa/apa_index.htm

Federal Prison Comparison Matrix

John Gotti

Compare and contrast the characteristics of the previously listed individuals to include the prison, time served, charges, crime, occupation, and education.

Describe the problems associated with the prisons used to incarcerate these individuals.

Use images, videos or graphics if desired. Reference any information or images used in the matrix and include detailed speaker’s notes for each slide.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Law Homework help: 3 pages

Dracca sold much of its feeding equipment line to a  retailer known as Baby Boutique (BB). BB was a partnership formed between  friends Beth Brown, Silvia Gray, and Valerie White. BB was behind on its  payments and owed Dracca over $500,000 for delivered feeding equipment. Eventually,  Dracca sued BB and obtained a judgment for $500,000 in Dracca’s favor.
The board of directors for Dracca decided to seek  enforcement of the judgment against Silvia Gray, acting on a tip that Ms. Gray  had just inherited a large sum of money and that the other partners had no  personal assets. As it turned out, Ms. Gray had sufficiently dispersed her  inheritance money and did not have the funds to pay the judgment. Dracca  incurred substantial attorney fees in attempting to collect its judgment from  BB.
The accounting manager overseeing the BB account had been  with Dracca for 20 years. His name was Martin Long, and he started with the  company as a part-time bookkeeper. Long received numerous positive job  evaluations over the first 15 years with the company, and he was promoted  several times until he reached his current position of accounting manager five  years ago. Long and his  life partner, Will Short, receive medical, dental, and life insurance benefits  as part of Long’s employment package with Dracca.
Long reported to the Director of Accounting, Mary Smith, who recently came onboard to Dracca from another company.  Smith took away a good portion of Long’s responsibility and froze his pay.  She was heard to say, “This company does not need to be burdened with paying for same-sex marriages.”  She posted Bible verses in the breakroom and had a screensaver that read, “Marriage is between a Man and a Woman.”   Long quit under the new working conditions.
One of Long’s subordinates, Kate Katz, reported  Long’s treatment to the EEOC.  Kate was an  at-will employee who had been withDracca six years.  In response to the EEOC report, Dracca fired  Kate.
The sales department was charged with hiring new  salespeople for its feeding equipment line to generate more retail and end-user  customers.  May Hernandez was the lead  salesperson for the line, and was responsible for making the final hiring decisions.  May interviewed thirty candidates for six  positions, and hired only women with children, stating that women, as mothers,  made better salespeople for the line.   After this hiring session, Dracca noticed a significant decrease in male  applicants.
In light of these facts, please respond to the following  questions using course material and credible outside research to support your  findings.

  • Can Dracca seek to recover from Silvia Gray  individually on the judgment for BB partnership? Why or why not? Use legal  principles from the readings to support your findings.
  • Using the Business Judgment Rule, did the board  of directors fulfill its duty of care to shareholders in suing Silvia Gray  individually for the BB judgment? Why or why not?
  • Can Long sue Dracca for employment  discrimination? Can Long argue constructive discharge in this instance? Use  legal principles and case law from the readings to support your conclusions.
  • Can Dracca fire Kate?  Why or why not?  Will the court consider any claims of  retaliation in this instance?
  • What are the legal and ethical ramifications for  Dracca from Hernandez’s action in hiring only women?  Can it be argued that being a woman with  children is a bfoq for the position?  Why  or why not?
  • What actions (internal and external) do you  recommend to Dracca to remedy the ethical and legal considerations of this  scenario? Be specific and detailed, and be sure to base recommendations on  relevant legal and ethical principles.

The two Americas: United States – Latin American Relations.

 

  1. The Monroe Doctrine has been described as a “hands off” warning to Europe…..How did the United States interpret  the doctrine in practice?
  2. How do George W. Bush’s policies toward Latin America compare to those of his predecessors?

You are to submit a minimum of two articles on current issues in Latin America, as a reference from which to further our knowledge and understanding of the regions involved.
…It is required that you provide any associated link to the article with your summation.
 
Reference book; History of Latin America, volume 2

Law Homework

Dracca is prohibited from selling its Funny Bunny toys in  the United States because they do not meet product safety guidelines. Because  there is a high profit margin on these toys, Dracca sells them overseas via  electronic contracts. Dracca offered 100 cartons of Funny Bunny toys to a  retailer in Canada known as Northern Toys, Ltd (NT). NT accepted the offer,  stating, “We accept your offer for 100 cartons of Funny Bunny toys, but require  an additional 20 cartons of Happy Hippos for the same price.”
Another international retailer with which Dracca does  business is Baby Supplier out of Mexico. Baby Supplier discovered it could  easily manufacture the GlideStride stroller for much cheaper in its plant in  Mexico City. The GlideStride is patent pending in the United States.
The GlideStride is shipped to six other countries,  including several countries in the European Union. Upon shipment to the EU, a  Draccaemployee offered a customs official $1,000 U.S. dollars in exchange for  levying duties on only half of the shipment. This could saveDracca $5,700 U.S.  dollars over a two-month period.
The GlideStride is manufactured by Dracca in Indonesia at  a plant that employs children as young as eight. Recently, a television news  program in the United States reported that Dracca products were made in  factories where workers were paid less than the applicable minimum wage, were  required to work excessive overtime, and were exposed to toxic chemicals in  violation of applicable health and safety laws. It was noted that the  GlideStride could not be manufactured in the United States due to environmental  restrictions.
Dracca issued publicity refuting the allegations of the  television report. Tanya Crier sued Dracca on behalf of the public, claiming  Dracca’s statements were false and misleading. Dracca moved to dismiss the  complaint, noting its statements were protected under the First Amendment to  the United States Constitution.
In light of these facts, please respond to the following  questions using course material and credible outside research to support your  findings. Please submit findings in a three- to five-page paper, using APA  format.

  • What are the ethical considerations of Dracca  selling the Funny Bunny toys in Canada when they are banned in the United  States?
  • Under the CISG, has Dracca entered a contract  with NT? Why or why not?
  • What are the legal and ethical ramifications  of the Dracca employee’s offer to the customs official?
  • What legal and ethical issues are presented  by Baby Supplier’s manufacture of the GlideStride?
  • What legal and ethical issues are presented  by the working conditions of Dracca’s Indonesian factory?
  • Can a corporation such as Dracca  participating in a public debate be subjected to liability for factual  inaccuracies? Would the First Amendment protection apply to Dracca’s  statements?
  • What actions (internal and external) do you  recommend to Dracca to remedy the ethical and legal considerations of this  scenario? Be specific and detailed, and be sure to base recommendations on  relevant legal and ethical principles.

Cite any  sources using the APA format on a separate page.

What are the steps in the juvenile justice process that must be taken to defend Mrs. Ingrim's teenager?

Imagine that you are an attorney specializing in juvenile justice cases. You receive a phone call from Mrs. Ingrim, whose 15-year old has been arrested for stealing a car, driving without a license, and finally crashing the car into a storefront. Mrs. Ingrim is distraught and concerned that her child will be held in the county jail and abused. The maximum sentence that can be assessed is 6 years in prison to a minimum of 200 hours of community service and 2 weeks in the county’s boot camp program.
Please answer the following questions. As you answer each question, you must provide support or evidence that will enhance and empirically prove your answers. Academic criminal justice articles or real-life criminal justice findings that are not found in journals or other academic sources must be cited in supporting your answers. Please use APA style for all cited sources, including your References page.
 

  • How will you respond to Mrs. Ingrim? Provide a short narrative if necessary to demonstrate your approach toward the client.
  • What are the steps in the juvenile justice process that must be taken to defend Mrs. Ingrim’s teenager? Provide the steps and how you would approach the situation to ensure that every step is handled properly for this case.
  • What are some of the differences between the juvenile and adult criminal justice systems? How are the juvenile defendants handled differently from the adult defendants?
  • If you were the judge, how would you judge and sentence this case, understanding that the 15-year old committed the crime described?

Deliverable Length:  3-4 pages
NO PLAGIARISM!!!!!! ALL WORK, REFERENCES, AND RESOURCES MUST BE DONE IN APA FORMAT

Maryland Appellate Court Opinion

Instructions Final Project In the final assignment for this class, you will select one of the following three Maryland appellate court opinions in which the defendants were tried and convicted of arson and prepare a six to ten page paper addressing the sections set forth below. The cases are also available under Course Content. Fischer v. State of Maryland, 117 Md. App. 493 (1997) http://law.justia.com/cases/maryland/court-of-special-appeals/1997/113s97.html Pryor v. State of Maryland, 195 Md. App 311 (2010) http://mdcourts.gov/opinions/cosa/2010/118s09.pdf William Simpson v. State of Maryland, 214 Md. App. 336 (2013) http://mdcourts.gov/opinions/cosa/2013/2833s11.pdf This assignment will introduce you to the concept of case briefing and will also have you explain additional items of concern that will help you build an understanding of the case and the criminal prosecution. In completing the assessment, use information from the text, supplemental readings, videos, classroom conferences/discussions, and external sources, including electronic and print sources. In doing so, however, be sure to appropriately cite any language, opinion and/or analysis taken from other sources. Use either American Psychological Association (APA) guidelines or Bluebook citation format. Please be cognizant that, when using sources not normally considered scholarly, e.g., videos, television programs, and newspaper and magazine articles you will be held responsible for determining their scholarly value. If you are in doubt, contact me. The required sections of the paper are as follows: I. Elements of the crime. Identify and discuss the elements of the crime, as the prosecution proved them. II. Defenses claimed by the defense. Identify and discuss any defenses claimed by the defendant. III. Constitutional protection issues. Identify and discuss any constitutional protection issues (e.g., Miranda warnings, search and seizure). IV. Case brief. Use the required formula: 1. Title and citation 2. Facts of the case 3. Issues 4. Holding (the final decision) 5. Reasoning (how the court arrived at this holding) 6. Analysis (how the facts of the case meet the legal criteria for prosecution) V. Your judgment. If you were the judge or a juror in this case, would you have agreed with the outcome? If yes, explain why; if no, explain why. Format Requirements Paper should be between six and ten pages (1,500 to 2,500 words) Double space 12 pt. font 1″ margins Use APA citations for all sources Include APA reference page (not included in word count) Additionally – Create a cover page for your assignment (not included in word count) Include your name Course title and number Project title Date of submission Start Date Jun 1, 2015 12:00 AM Due Date Jul 23, 2015 11:59 PM

Employment Law

Review the 10 cases presented for consideration in Question 2 (letters a – j) of the Chapter-End Questions in Chapter 2 (pp. 80-81 of the eBook).
For your first post, prepare a detailed response for one of the ten scenarios, explaining your conclusion regarding whether the scenario constitutes a violation of public policy or a breach of a covenant of good faith and fair dealing. Support your conclusion with legal analysis and reasoning. Explain whether any of the scenarios give rise to potential employer liability and what steps should have been taken to avoid the exposure. Then, comment and expand on the posts of the other class members.

  • a. A female child care worker alleges that she was unlawfully terminated from her position as the director of a child care facility after continually refusing to make staff cuts. The staff cuts she was asked to make resulted in violation of state regulations governing the minimum ratios betweens staff and child. After the employee was terminated, the employer’s child care center was in violation of the staff-to-child ratio. [Jasper v. H. Nizam, Inc., 764 N.W.2d 751, 2009 Iowa Sup.]
  • b. A machine operator employee with a major depressive disorder intermittently takes leaves under the Family and Medical Leave Act, resulting in alleged harassment by her employer surrounding her FMLA usage as well as a transfer to various difficult machines after her return from leave. Two months after her last FMLA leave, she is terminated for “improper phone usage.” [Hite v. Vermeer Mfg. Co., 361 F. Supp. 2d 935 (S.D. Iowa, 2005).]
  • c. A nurse is asked by her employer to sign a backdated Medicare form. She refuses and is terminated that day. As a health care provider, she is required to complete that particular form. [Callantine v. Staff Builders, Inc., 271 F.3d 1124 (8th Cir. 2001).]
  • d. A legal secretary to a county commissioner is terminated because of her political beliefs. [Armour v. County of Beaver, 271 F3d 417 (3d Cir. 2001).]
  • e. A teacher under contract is terminated after insisting that his superiors report a situation where a student was being physically abused. The teacher refused to commit an illegal act of not reporting the suspected abuse to family services. [Keveney v. Missouri Military Academy, 304 S.W.3d 98 (MO 2010).]

80 81

  • f. A recent college graduate found a job with an office supply company as a reverse logistics analyst. Soon after being hired, he found that some practices within the department could be deemed unlawful and unethical. Three specific types of practices were written up in a formal complaint to his supervisor: (1) the issuing of monetary credits to customers without proper documentation, thus overpaying customers without returned goods; (2) the department’s knowingly withholding from contract customers by underissuing credits over $25; and (3) the canceling and reissuing of pickup orders that could allow couriers to overbill the company. After his formal complaint and multiple meetings on the procedures of the department, the employee was terminated based on his insubordination and inflexibility. [Day v. Staples Inc., 28 IER Cases 1121 (1st Cir. 2009).]
  • g. An employee engaged in protected whistle-blowing activity after filing a complaint against his employer for his termination. The employee, a licensed optician, claimed his employer was violating state statute by allowing unlicensed employees to sell optical products without a licensed optician present. There was also a complaint filed to his supervisor about the promoting and hiring of unlicensed employees. [Dishmon v. Wal-Mart Stores Inc., 28 IER Cases 1393 (M.D. Tenn. 2009).]
  • h. A legal secretary was hired by a law firm. The Letter of Employment stated, “In the event of any dispute or claim between you and the firm … including, but not limited to claims arising from or related to your employment or the termination of your employment, we jointly agree to submit all such disputes or claims to confidential binding arbitration, under the Federal Arbitration Act.” On his third day of work, the employee informed his superiors that he would not agree to arbitrate disputes. He was told that the arbitration provision was “not negotiable” and that his continued employment was contingent upon signing the agreement. The employee declined to sign the agreement and was discharged [Lagatree v. Luce, Forward, Hamilton & Scripps, 74 Cal. App. 4th 1005 (Cal. App. 2d Div. 1 1999).]
  • i. An employee is licensed to perform certain medical procedures, but he is terminated for refusing to perform a procedure he is not licensed to perform. [O ’Sullivan v. Mallon, 390 A.2d 149 (N.J. Super. Ct. Law Div. 1978).]
  • j. An employee was fired from his job as security manager for a medical center because he was suspected of making an obscene phone call to another employee and refused to submit to voice print analysis to confirm or refute the accusation. He sued the employer for wrongful discharge, claiming that the employer’s request violated public policy. A state statute prohibits an employer from requiring an employee to submit to a polygraph examination as a condition or precondition of employment. [Theisen v. Covenant Medical Center, 636 N.W.2d 74 (Iowa 2001).]
  1. Karen is a human resources consultant at a local utility. Originally, the work requested was project based. Karen was asked to develop training materials for an upcoming session on diversity. Cynthia, the human resources manager, was very happy with the work that Karen did and asked her to work on some additional projects. Before everyone knew it, Karen had been working at the utility for five years.

Karen has been paid a monthly base salary of $10,000 per month. Karen has received a 1099 for her wages over the past five years, but has not received a W-2. Karen was not offered any benefits, but when she was hired, she did not need them, as she was happily married. However, Karen’s husband recently passed away and she asked Cynthia about receiving benefits. Cynthia has denied Karen’s request. Karen’s title, when she started, was Human Resources Temporary, but her new title evolved into Human Resources Consultant to be more consistent with others in the department who are doing work similar to hers. Karen does have a contract with the utility.
Karen has had other limited clients over the years. She had one client for an approximately 40-hour project two years ago, and she currently has another client that keeps her on a retainer basis.
Since she was denied benefits, Karen has contacted the IRS to ask them to determine her status.
Cynthia is the human resources manager at ABC Utility, as well as Karen’s supervisor.
Karen is an individual who has been working at ABC Utility. You will look at her employment relationship to determine if she is an employee or an independent contractor. You decide!
Your role is to decide if Karen is an independent contractor or an employee.
After reading this, please return to the Week 1 Discussion area, and answer the first two questions there about Karen. Your instructor will return with further questions throughout the week.
Over the past 20 years, employers began relying on part-time, temporary, and contract employees to reduce costs, increase flexibility and reduce benefit costs. Employees feel it is discriminatory for employers to exploit the labor market by using part-time workers and temps to keep labor costs down for one segment of the work while paying full value for another segment. In the past few years, numerous laws and tax changes have been proposed to try to regulate this area of the industry better.
Please review the “YouDecide” content which is located under the Week 1. We will begin our discussion by debating whether Karen is an independent contractor, or a full-time employee. Your first post should answer these two questions:

  1. Do you feel that Karen is an independent contractor or an employee?
  2. What is your rationale for this decision?

Your instructor will return with additional questions and move you through the law on independent contractors (IC) vs. employees throughout the week. Be ready to engage!

plea bargaining

Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper in which you evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of plea bargaining. Address the following in your paper:

  • Define plea bargaining.
  • Distinguish between charge bargaining and sentence bargaining.
  • Compare and contrast the advantages and disadvantages of plea bargaining.
  • Describe how plea bargaining reflects or thwarts the crime control and due process models of criminal justice.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Texas Legislature

This is the Texas Legislature’s official website: http://www.capitol.state.tx.us/
Your assignment this week is to look up two bills.
To make it easy, since it’s a holiday week, one will be a bill we’ve already had a look at.
S.B. 267 is the “source of income” bill we looked at for our interest groups assignment.
H.B. 476 is about discriminating against people who receive “deferred adjudication” after pleading guilty to a crime.
Write about these two bills. Tell about their path through the legislative process.
Make sure your essay tells me the bill number and author, what problem each bill was trying to solve, what groups seemed to be for and against each of these (hint: look at the witness list, under the “text” tab  when you look up the bill), what finally happened to each one, and how you would have voted had you been a Texas legislator.
Submit in Word. Cite your sources.
Note: Remember that the session in which you’re interested is the 84th Regular Session (84(R) – 2015). There’s a little pull down menu that lets you pick different sessions of the legislature in case you want to look up old bills. Make sure you’re looking at this year’s session.
 
Resources (check back for more)
The Texas Tribune is a great source of information about the Texas Legislature.
S.B. 267 is a really short bill. The purpose may not make sense at first, but here’s some background about the issue that sparked it, which is an ordinance passed in Austin last year: http://austintexas.gov/news/austin-city-council-amends-housing-discrimination-ordinance-add-source-income, http://www.austinmonitor.com/stories/2014/11/city-council-advances-source-income-ordinance/, and  http://www.austinaptassoc.com/source-of-income.html.
The author of H.B. 476 wrote about his motivation on this issue several years for the Houston Press: http://www.houstonpress.com/news/representative-harold-dutton-every-texas-felon-gets-a-life-sentence-6711857
An employer group looked at a similar deferred adjudication discrimination bill two years ago: http://www.imperativeinfo.com/2013/03/06/texas-employer-alert-house-bill-seeks-to-hide-one-third-of-criminal-records-from-employers/

Crime and Ethical Standards

Since you have demonstrated your knowledge about criminal justice so well, the chief of police has another assignment for you. Chief Draper wants you to review a specific case and assess the arresting officer’s conduct. To prepare your report, you consider certain factors, such as the societal factors that may have influenced the suspect’s behavior, the role of the government in terms of protecting both society and an individual’s rights, and the ethical standards that govern law enforcement.

Here’s What Happened . . .

Centervale police officer Lance Marconi responded to a call for service from a high-end retailer, who reported that an unkempt woman wearing disheveled, dirty, and torn clothing left the store without paying for items she selected while shopping in the Misses Clothing Department. The store manager reported that the woman failed to respond to any verbal prompts made to her by store associates.

As Officer Marconi drove toward the store, he noticed a woman matching her description walking along the side of the road, carrying what appeared to be clothing. Once the officer reached the location of the woman, he recognized her—Mary Jones—as being an individual he had arrested several times before for public drunkenness, resisting arrest, possession of a controlled substance, felony larceny, and prostitution. Officer Marconi anticipated that this could be a very challenging situation because Jones did not like law enforcement, tended to be aggressive, and had, in the past, run as soon as she saw a police cruiser. Marconi called for backup and asked Jones to stop as he stepped out of his vehicle. She started to run, but he caught up with her very quickly.

Jones struggled with Officer Marconi on the ground, although he managed to humanely subdue her and place her in handcuffs. Officer Marconi called the incident into Communications and placed the suspect in his cruiser. He then gathered the clothing items dropped by the suspect along the side of the road. He noticed the items had price tags displaying the name of the retailer who reported the initial incident to law enforcement. During transport, Jones yelled and became very agitated.

When she arrived at the police department, Jones was very upset. She tried to hurt herself by banging her head on the desk as the officer tried to interview her about the alleged larceny report. It was clear to Officer Marconi that Jones was under the influence of drugs, so he discontinued the interview process. Marconi requested emergency medical services, and Jones was taken by ambulance to the hospital.

Here’s What You Need To Do . . .

After carefully reviewing the case details, prepare a 2- to 3-page report assessing whether the procedures (both legal and ethical) were followed appropriately. Use the Argosy University Online Library resources to find articles that support your assessment. You may also use your textbook. Your report should address the following:

  • Select one of the crimes Jones has been previously charged with (e.g., public drunkenness, resisting arrest, possession of a controlled substance, felony larceny, or prostitution).
    • What type of crime is it (misdemeanor or felony)?
    • How is this crime defined in the state in which you live?
    • How might societal factors have influenced this suspect’s crimes?
  • Analyze how the purpose of government and the social contract might protect the rights (e.g., safety and security) of the suspect in this case.
  • Compare the various roles Officer Marconi must play in this case. Consider that Marconi must enforce the law and protect the suspect from harm at the same time.
  • Analyze how a law enforcement officer’s actions might be influenced if he or she is arresting an “unsympathetic suspect or victim,” specifically a suspect or victim who the officer has arrested before or who engages in a high-risk lifestyle, such as substance abuse, drug dealing, or prostitution. Justify whether Officer Marconi acted accordingly.
  • How might the criminal justice professional maintain ethical standards when working with diverse populations?
  • Once charged, what rights does the defendant, Jones, have?

Be sure to organize your paper into clear and concise paragraphs. You should read the grading rubric before starting your paper to ensure you cover all the material appropriately. Include an APA-formatted reference page that links to your in-text citations.

Corrections Systems and Processes

The state legislature has met and decided that the bulk of the budget cuts will come from the criminal justice system. The head of the Department of Corrections in Centervale, Eric Clayton, has asked you to help him prepare a presentation for the state legislature. This has been a tough budget year, and Clayton must be prepared to explain to the legislature how each dollar is spent on prison programs. Clayton has asked you to research the prison programs offered in two other state prison systems so that he can see how Centervale’s programs compare.

You decide that the best approach is to research the prison system in the state where you reside and explore the programs that are offered.

Tasks:

Select two of the programs your state uses and explain them by addressing the following questions for each program:

  • What is the name of the program, and to whom is the program offered?
    • How is the program used?
    • How do inmates enter the program?
    • What is the purpose of the program?
  • Would you recommend this program to Clayton for Centervale? Why or why not?

Submit your report to Clayton in a 2- to 3-page paper. Be sure to cite the sources of your information by stating the URLs from the state web pages or from other sources.

Be sure to build in-text citations for the state web pages and create references for the web pages that link back to your in-text citations.

Predicting Crime with the Uniform Crime Reporting System

In your final consulting assignment, the mayor of Centervale and the city counsel have asked you to help them understand how to better predict crime rates.

An important part of the criminal system is tracking data to help society develop a better understanding of crime and to prevent further crime in the United States. Every year, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) releases a statistical report on crime in the United States, called the Uniform Crime Report (UCR). In this assignment, you will access this report, familiarize yourself with its functionalities, and analyze the data to develop a prediction.

All the information you provide is to be presented in a formal 3- to 6-page paper that properly uses subheadings to categorize information. Be sure to use specific information from external sources to support your ideas.

Part 1: Learning the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting System

Access the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting System at http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/ucr and familiarize yourself with the site.

Using research and data from the site, address the following:

  • Explain how individual agencies classify information that is compiled into the report.
  • Analyze and identify resources public safety officials, like sheriffs or police chiefs, have to classify or categorize crimes in their cities, counties, and states.
  • Discuss the pros and cons of the Uniform Crime Reporting System and the yearly reports.

Part 2: Analyzing Specific Data

An important goal of the criminal justice system is to use the information gathered about crimes to understand and predict criminal behavior. Access the homepage of the UCR (http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/ucr) and complete the following steps:

  1. Select a type of crime to research (e.g., “Violent Crime” or “Property Crime”). Then, choose a specific crime within one of those categories (e.g., Violent Crime: Murder).
  2. You will need both national data and your state’s data for the crime you chose.
    1. Choose your state to research that type of crime: Under “Browse By,” click “City Agency,” click “Table 8,” and choose a state.
    2. Gather the national data for that type of crime: Under “Browse By,” click “National Data”; use the tables to answer the questions.

Using research and data from the site and other external sources, address the following:

  • Explain how the UCR can help public safety officials predict crime and present crime rates to the American public.
  • Based on the data and what you have learned in the course, forecast the criminal activity for the nation, your state, or a selected city.
  • Compare the UCR data for the crime you selected with the same statistical information for that crime in 1950 (you will need to search for these statistics). Are there similarities or differences or can you infer from the data that the trends have remained the same?
  • How can government officials use the crime statistics data from the 1970s to predict crime twenty years later? How reliable are the statistics in the UCR? Are law enforcement agencies required to report their criminal incidents for compilation in the yearly UCR?

Include a title page with your name, date, and assignment title and check for correct spelling, grammar, punctuation, mechanics, and usage. Provide at least three references (one may be your textbook) in the APA format that you used in writing your paper (make sure all your in-text citations link to a reference in your list). You should read the grading rubric before starting your paper to ensure you cover all the material appropriately.

CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM

Regardless of the philosophical approach one embraces with regard to the criminal justice system (due process vs. crime control, consensus or conflict model, or individual rights vs. public order), the police, courts, and correctional components must operate within a multicultural society; that includes non-conventional racial and gender roles.
Beginning with the material conveyed in the assigned reading and presentation, discuss how multiculturalism and diversity impact the application of those philosophical approaches by the criminal justice groups (police, courts, and correctional) charged with achieving justice. Expand upon the provided material with scholarly research to support your position. Finally, integrate within your discussion the impact of a Judeo-Christian viewpoint on the implementation of criminal justice to principles inside and outside of the organization.

Bill of Rights

In Ch. 2 of Working With People, the author lists a “Bill of Rights” as a guide for the human services professional.
Use the “Bill of Rights” as a guide. create one right each for the human services professional, the human services client, and the relationship between the professional and the client.
Create a 10- to 12-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation. Include the following:

  • Provide an introduction.
  • Explain why you chose your rights and why they are important to the professional, the client, and the relationship between the two.
  • Identify how each of your rights can contribute to the development of a useful guide to human services professionals.
  • Provide a conclusion.
  • Add speaker notes

Format your presentation consistent with APA guidelines.
Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.
Figure 2.2 A Bill of Rights (based on material taken from a workshop on assertiveness training by Patricia Jakubowski-Spector, July 1974, University of Maryland). There are almost as many bills of rights as there are people working in this area, each with its own particular emphasis. All emphasize the right of the individual to be oneself, to be different, to self-express, and to be treated with respect and consideration. Most of them emphasize an equally basic essential, the responsibility to extend the same rights to others. This older bill covers these fundamentals and is still relevant today.
A Bill of Rights

  1. You have the right to refuse requests from others without feeling selfish or guilty.
  2. You have the right to feel and express anger and other emotions.
  3. You have the right to feel healthy competitiveness.
  4. You have the right to use your judgment in deciding your own needs.
  5. You have the right to make mistakes.
  6. You have the right to have your opinions and ideas given the same respect and considerations others have.
  7. You have the right to ask for consideration, help, and/or affection from others.
  8. You have the right to be treated as an adult.
  9. You have the right to tell others what your needs are.

 

  1. You have the right on some occasions to make demands on others.

Aspects of Forensic Psychology

 

In November of 1978, 913 people out of 1,100 people committed suicide in Guyana in a settlement called Jonestown. This settlement was ruled by a person named Jim Jones. He held psychological control over the inhabitants.
If Jim Jones had been profiled before Senator Leo Ryan and members of his party were killed, would there have been such an incident? Discuss the following in your response:

  • Would there have been a mass suicide?
  • What would cause hundreds of people to willingly take poison?
  • What would have been the constitutional ramifications of profiling Jim Jones before such an incident?
  • Could there have been a cursory profile based on newspaper accounts of the People’s Temple?

public admin

public admin

  • Based upon the “rule of law” and its limits on public administrators, explain why a public administrator should not falsely conclude that they necessarily can alter human behavior merely by passing a law. Morality varies across and within societies and creates many commonalities that are essential to a functioning society.
  •  Explain and provide examples on how society would function if it were bound by only natural law, or formal law, or truly entirely relativistic. Choose one and support your answer with examples or evidence.

 
 
2nd part of question
 

  • For public administrators, analyze the possible benefits of a public administrator knowing how to research regulation. Determine which of your listed benefits is the strongest and state why.
  •  Using the Marbury v. Madison, consider how difficult it is to sort out the facts and rulings of the case. Discuss the complexities of reviewing a full case and state how you can outline future cases presented in this class.

Corporate Law assignment

  1. The grantee of the estate for years:

has the land only for the period for which it is granted to him/her.
can sell the land to someone else.
can grant the land to someone else for life estate.
can bequeath the land to someone else through a will.

  1. A _____ is the one who gifts his personal property to someone.

testator
tenant
donor
grantor

  1. Which of the following forms of holding a property is specific to married couples?

Sole ownership
Joint tenants with right of survivorship
Tenants by the entirety
Tenants in common

  1. Conversion is the less severe trespass, while trespass to personal property is a more substantial interruption of the owner or possessor’s right to own or possess personal property.

True
False

  1. Identify the crime that uses unfair marketing techniques and conduct designed to eliminate competition through unfair means.

Insider trading
Antitrust crimes
Embezzlement
Ponzi scheme
 

  1. The Eight Amendment:

establishes our constitutional right to an attorney through the important phases of the criminal process.
protects us against the imposition of cruel and unusual punishment by the government.
prohibits the making of any law infringing on the freedom of speech and freedom of press.
provides constitutional protection against self-incrimination.

  1. Real property is land and anything permanently attached to it such as houses.

True
False

  1. Which of the following statements is true regarding a stolen property?

One who steals personal property acquires title to the property.
One who steals personal property can convey title to a buyer by selling the property to the buyer.
The true owner retains the right to the goods, even though he or she is not in possession of them.
A person who purchases a stolen property can acquire the title of the stolen property if he can prove that at the time of purchasing the property, he did not know that the property was stolen.

  1. Antitrust crimes involve unfair marketing techniques and conduct designed to eliminate competition through unfair means.

True
False
 

  1. Many white collar crimes are violent and target specific victims.

True
False

  1. Tenants by the entirety is a form of holding property that is specific to married couples.

True
False

  1. Which of the following laws are often called “blue sky” laws?

Securities laws
Laws related to piracy
The Internet related laws
The laws related to blue collar crime

  1. If, rather that have the interest after the life estate go to a third party, the grantor dictates that the interest is to return to the grantor, this is _____.

life estate
estate for years
reversion
remainder

  1. The _____ Amendment establishes our constitutional right to an attorney through the important phases of the criminal process.

First
Sixth
Second
Third

  1. Most business crimes are referred to as _____ crimes.

blue collar
violent
white collar
hidden
 
 

ASIC v Australian Investors forum Pty ltd (Case Study)

in this attach file number 25 case study is to be solve which name is (ASIC v Australian Investors forum Pty ltd) search this case study on internet and make assignment plagiarism free. the requirements and instructions given in the attachment please follow these instructions. make assignment on word and power point slides. solve the case study with the references of other case studies and examples. give citation and proper referencing.

Legal Ethics

  1. If an offer is made but before it can be accepted the subject matter of the offer becomes illegal, the offer is terminated.

True
False
 

  1. Which of the following best represents a voluntary promise between two or more parties for which the law will provide a remedy for nonperformance?

Report
Contract
Notice
Memo
 

  1. _____ is a type of intentional tort that involves the intentional, unpermitted, or offensive touching of the body of another.

Assault
Defamation
Battery
False Imprisonment
 

  1. In order to make out a claim for negligence there must also be injury caused by the breach of duty.

True
False
 

  1. Which of the following is one of the defenses to negligence?

The tort was committed in defense of self or others.
The plaintiff contributed to the injury by doing a negligent act him- or herself.
The tortfeasor did not have the intent to harm.
The tortfeasor was as careful as possible.
 

  1. If a terminated employee stands outside the restaurant from which he was fired and falsely tells approaching customers that the restaurant uses horsemeat in its hamburgers rather than beef, the restaurant owner can successfully sue the ex-employee for:

intrusion upon seclusion.
assault.
disparagement.
battery.
 

  1. Identify the correct statement regarding assault.

All threats are assault.
The act can be toward an animal or property.
The victim should be deathly afraid.
It must appear that the unwanted act is imminent.
 

  1. Which of the following best represents a compilation of the most common approaches to states’ common law of contracts, but is not, in and of itself, law?

Code of Federal Regulations
Federal Register
Restatement of Contracts
Uniform Commercial Code
 

  1. If an incompetent party enters into a contract, the contract will be:

a contract implied in law.
an express contract.
a quasi contract.
a void contract.
 
 

  1. Under the UCC, an acceptance with varied terms terminates the original offer.

True
False
 

  1. _____ involves a seller selling products as one brand, when it is actually another, generally inferior, brand.

Disparagement
Palming off
Assault
Theft of trade secrets
 

  1. According to which of the following concepts, if it is illegal to do an act, then it is illegal to contract to have the act done?

Consideration
Capacity to enter into a contract
Legality
Mutual assent
 

  1. If the one being defrauded actually knows he or she is entering into a contract, but has been told untruths about significant parts of the contract that form the basis of the bargain then it is an example of:

unconscionability.
fraud in the inducement.
undue influence.
duress.
 

  1. An acceptance _____ is an acceptance with varied terms.

that is not definite or seasonable
after a prior rejection
in the form of silence
that makes changes to the offer

  1. Which of the following types of contracts only buys the offeree time to accept or reject the offer and does not mean the offeree must accept?

Unenforceable contract
Option contract
Void contract
Express contract

Child Protection System

What is meant by the child protection system (CPS)?
Identify the importance of CPS intervention programs, and if you think the courts act in the best interest of an abused child when they allow that child to remain with the family. May certain circumstances allow for this? Explain.
In your response, please include research to support your opinion.
Topic 1: Criminal Act
The police videotaped an apparent drug deal, wherein Joseph sold a bag of apparent marijuana to Rasidi. Both men were arrested and charged with drug offenses. The laboratory analysis of the apparent marijuana revealed that it was actually some dried leafy material mixed with other legal materials. The defense attorneys for both defendants have argued that no crime was committed and the charges should be dropped. As the prosecutor, would you drop the charges? Be sure to address the charges for both actors here and please explain your answer.
Topic 2: Inchoate Offenses
Discuss the primary differences between the inchoate offenses of conspiracy, attempt, and solicitation. Discuss the differences in both actus reus and mens rea. In your opinion, should the classification for any of these offenses be higher, or lower, than the others. Explain.
APA Style
Reference page
4-5 sentences each question.

Aspects of Forensic Psychology

Using the library, Internet, or any other available materials, address the following:

  • How would the government use psychological profiling in homeland security?
  • Is profiling a viable tool? Why or why not?
  • How should the government balance civil liberties of citizens with the need for domestic security?
  • Identify a job position or job title, either real or created by you, that appeals to you dealing with homeland security.

Sony vs. Universal Law

Directions:
Create a PowerPoint presentation at least five slides in length responding to the following points:

  • Choose one of the significant U.S. computer laws and/or court decision laws on page 524 of your textbook, or one from your own research and briefly describe it. I chose Sony Corp. vs. Universal City Studios. 
  • How does ethics play a role in the law?
  • Who is mostly impacted by the law?

 
Be sure to include a title slide and a reference slide and cite appropriately. The title and reference slide do not count towards the minimum slide requirement.

Whistle-blowing and Sarbanes-Oxley Due

Use the Internet or Strayer Library to research instances of whistleblowing in publicly traded companies within the last 12 months.
 
WRITE INTRODUCTION AND CONSLUISON TYPE EACH QUESTION BEFORE ANSWER THEM WRITTEN PAGES HAS TO MINUMUM 2 PAGES. WRITE THEM ON YOUR OWN WORDS AND PROVIDE ORGINAL WORKS. NO PLAGIRSIM. I WILL USE TURNITIN.
Write 2 page paper in which you:
 

  1. Describe the key characteristics of a whistleblower, and briefly summarize one (1) researched instance of whistleblowing in one (1) publicly traded company within the last 12 months. Include the details of the issue that the whistleblower reported and the effect of the whistleblower’s actions on both the whistleblower himself and the company.
  2. Decide whether or not the whistleblower was justified in reporting the company’s actions. Provide a rationale for your response.
  3. Examine the extent to which the whistleblower would be protected under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Justify your response.
  4. Use at least two (2) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia is not an acceptable reference and proprietary Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

 
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
 

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

 
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
 

  • Determine the underlying causes for passage of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and determine protections afforded to whistleblowers.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in law, ethics, and corporate governance.
  • Write clearly and concisely about law, ethics, and corporate governance using proper writing mechanics.

Rehabilitation in Correction Facilities

Is what rehabilitation programs we are using working, which ones are the best or worst and what states have the best. Factual things along those lines.

Budget and Policy Paper

Select a policy issue from the following list: DUI task forces Plea bargaining Offender reentry/integration Victim assistance Immigration War on drugs War on terrorism Write a 1,400-1,750-word paper in which you summarize the goals in the criminal justice system that your selected policy attempts to achieve. Analyze the effective and ineffective initiatives associated with your selected policy, as well as any historical significance that may have impact. Cite your references properly consistent with APA guidelines.

Policy Development Paper

The following topic for your paper: Organized Crime Policy (on the policies to combat transnational organized crime) Write a 2,100-2,800- word paper in which you research the relevant statistics, facts, resources, and public opinions to develop your own local, statewide, or federal policy related to your selected topic. Include statistical, factual, and public opinion history information which supports your policy claim. Identify all stakeholders (e.g., politicians, judges, prosecutors, defense attorneys, correctional officers and administrators, law enforcement officers and administrators, victims, law-abiding citizens, etc.) and their opinions as it relates to your proposed policy and how politics may impact its implementation. Provide policy recommendations and the rationale for these recommendations and their impact on contemporary criminal justices issues and globalization. Cite your references properly consistent with APA guidelines. Note. In addition to the University Library, the National Criminal Justice Reference Service has many articles reflecting contemporary criminal justice policies.http://www.ncjrs.gov

Criminal Justice

A typewritten 8-10 page paper is required. The subject of the paper must be related to Criminal Justice. You can cite cases, or any other type of publication. The paper must: • be double-spaced • use 1.25 inch margins • use Times New Roman, 12 point type It should include: • a title page • an introduction • a body of paragraphs with subheadings • a conclusion • a reference page with 10 to 15 cited works Of the total works cited, half should be from academic journals or books published by an academic press. Works cited and the references should be in APA format (*The title page and the reference page do not count toward the 8-10 page requirement. .Paper is subject to review for text comparison by Turnitin, a plagiarism detection service.

Theories of Criminality

This is part of a chapter of a thesis. This section should outline the theories which explain criminality and discuss the differences between them. The paper needs to have an international or comparative criminal justice approach (not be US-centric). The subsections should include: 1) Biological Perspectives 2) Psychological Perspectives 3) Strain and Cultural Deviance Theories 4) Social Control Theory Each subsection should include a review of the original source material (not textbook material) and theories which created this body of thought, its relationship to the other theories historically, and the assumptions it makes about why people engage in crime and the best ways to rehabilitate adult offenders. All sources should be from the original theorists or from peer reviewed academic articles from the past 7 years. Content should be original and not reused.

Law School Personal Statement

I need an experienced writer willing to help me out with my personal statement for law school. three pages MLA format. Topic: why law school?. I need a creative thinker and an out thinking writer. thank you.

The legalization of medical marijuana

The argumentative essay will be a 4-5 page essay in which you take a position on a controversial issue. You will begin with a fully developed introductory paragraph in which you state your thesis. Your thesis must state your position on the issue (but make sure you state your position in the third person—do not use “I”). The body should support your position through the use of logic, (logos) basic human psychology, and facts. You will also include appeals to ethos (credibility) and pathos (emotion). Be sure to use concrete examples and details to support your arguments. Since this is an argumentative essay, you will also need to both address and refute the major arguments of the opposition. In order to present as strong an argument as possible, you will also use some outside sources. You must use two to three outside sources to support your position. These sources may not be commercial web sites (.com sites). If you use web sites, the sites must be .edu, .org, or .gov. You must include an in-text citation for any information taken from an outside source. In order to integrate your sources into the paper and as good practice for the research paper, be sure to link your research to its source through the use of “tag phrases,” such as “So and so points out,” or “According to so and so.” Be sure to provide a complete citation in proper MLA format for each source on a Works Cited page. Use the appropriate chapters in Lester and Lester’s Writing Research Papers (Chapters 11 and 14) to help you with the documentation. You will go through all of the steps in the writing process, including prewriting, organizing, drafting, revising, and edition.

Firms in Different Countries

In this assignment, you will prepare an in-depth comparative analysis research paper between two different firms operating in two different countries but which have similar challenges. This analysis will provide an opportunity for you to compare and contrast and critically assess the impact on management decision making based on the differences in political, social, ethical, and legal environments. Specifically, your paper should: Identify two firms with similar problems but from different countries Conduct a comparative analysis of the firms Analyze political, social, ethical, and legal differences facing both organizations and determine the impact these differences have on management decision making Provide substantive conclusion and recommendations Support your analysis with academic citations and aligned references Present your findings as a Word document of 3–5 pages formatted in APA style. Submit your assignment. Submitting your assignment in APA format means, at a minimum, you will need the following: Title page: Remember the running head and title in all capital letters. Abstract: This is a summary of your paper, not an introduction. Begin writing in third-person voice. Body: The body of your paper begins on the page following the title page and abstract page, and it must be double-spaced between paragraphs. The typeface should be 12-pt. Times Roman or 12-pt. Courier in regular black type. Do not use color, bold type, or italics except as required for APA level headings and references. The deliverable length of the body of your paper for this assignment is 3–4 pages. In-text academic citations to support your decisions and analysis are required. A variety of academic sources is encouraged. Reference page: References that align with your in-text academic sources are listed on the final page of your paper. The references must be in APA format using appropriate spacing, hang indention, italics, and upper- and lower-case usage as appropriate for the type of resource used. Remember, the reference page is not a bibliography, but it is a further listing of the abbreviated in-text citations used in the paper. Every referenced item must have a corresponding in-text citation. This assignment will be assessed using additional criteria provided here. Please submit your assignment. For assistance with your assignment, please use your text, Web resources, and all course materials. Individual Project Rubric Grading Criteria Percentage Deliverable requirements addressed; understanding of material and writer’s message and intent are clear. 35% Scholarly research that supports the writer’s position is properly acknowledged and cited, and direct quotations may not exceed 10% of the word count of the body of the assignment deliverable (excluding title page, abstract, table of contents, tables, exhibits, appendices, and reference pages). Inclusion of plagiarized content will not be tolerated and may result in adverse academic consequences. 20% Critical thinking: Position is well-justified; logical flow; examples provided where appropriate. 20% Structure: Includes introduction and conclusion; proper paragraph format; reads as a polished academic paper or professional presentation, as appropriate for the required assignment deliverable. 10% Mechanical: No spelling, grammatical, or punctuation errors. 10% APA: Deliverable is cited properly according to the APA Publication Manual (6th ed.). 5%

Type of paperResearch Paper
SubjectLegal Issues
Number of pages4
Writer levelUniversity
Format of citationAPA
Number of cited resources2

Business Law and International Business Communication Help

Section one: International Business Communications

Deliverable Length: 400-600 words
Details: Students will be expected to post their first initial discussion board posting by Wednesday of each week. Discussion posts will be graded and late submissions will be assigned a late penalty in accordance with the late penalty policy found in the syllabus. NOTE: All submission posting times are based on midnight Central Time.
Students are expected to post their responses to peers by Sunday. NOTE: All submission posting times are based on midnight Central Time.
Primary Task Response: Within the Discussion Board area, write 400-600 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas.
Briefly discuss the economic, political, educational, family, and marital systems of a country of your choice. Include a response to the following questions in your discussion:

  • If your company was to do business in your chosen country, what kind of social hierarchies and social interactions should you be aware of?
  • What kind of management style would you use to be most effective given the cultural attributes of the country?
  • How would you overcome the barriers to communication?
  • Do you agree with the saying, “When in Rome, do as the Romans do” when it comes to doing business with another country?

 
Section 2: Business Law
Primary Task Response: Within the Discussion Board area, write 400–600 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas.
Corporations have a lot of influence over the economy, the community, and people. The traditional view of corporate responsibility is that a corporation has no additional social responsibility beyond making a profit for its shareholders. In more recent years, arguments have arisen with the belief that corporations have a high degree of social responsibility to people affected by the corporation’s decisions.
You are returning for a second interview for a management position at a pharmaceutical corporation. The hiring committee wants to hear your views on a corporation’s social responsibility. The hiring committee has even provided to you a case example to review and discuss during your interview. To prepare for the interview, you decide to write out your thoughts that you plan on discussing with the hiring team.
In your paper, you decide to include the following topics:

  • Definition of what corporate social responsibility means to you
  • Arguments supporting social responsibility
  • Description of a real-life example of a specific corporation acting in a socially responsible manner
  • Your opinion and supportive reasoning on the case example and questions provided below

Case Example: Phishy Pharmaceuticals is a corporation that recently kicked off the sale of its new weight-loss pill, Lose It Fast. After three months of sales, the management team has received some troubling reports of some unanticipated side effects caused by the pill. The management team asks the accounting department to run some numbers to determine how much it would cost to recall Lose It Fast, to suspend manufacturing, and to conduct more tests to determine the pill’s safety and other possible side effects.
After running some numbers, the accounting department states that it would be more cost-effective to leave the product on the market shelves and propose settlement proceedings with anyone who is injured and initiates a lawsuit.
The corporate attorney has advised that the product states on the package that the pill is not FDA approved, and off-the-record has stated that everyone who buys a weight-loss product knows there are some risks involved, so it is likely that the majority of injured consumers will not initiate a lawsuit.
If you recall the product, it will result in a delay of dividends paid to shareholders and a loss in revenue, affecting shareholder profit. Consider the following questions regarding this example:

  • What would you do, and why?
  • Would you leave the product on the shelves because you feel your duty as a corporate manager is to maximize shareholder profits?
  • Would you recall the product because you feel the corporation owes a duty to the public, consumers, and the government in terms of social responsibility?

 
 

Medical Law – The Joint Commission

Accreditation is a cornerstone of medical law, and ensures that healthcare organizations adhere to a common code of excellence. One organization that provides healthcare accreditation is The Joint Commission. But why is The Joint Commission important in the study of Medical Law, Ethics, and Bioethics?
Conduct some independent research, and in a 2 page Word document, describe the key functions that The Joint Commission provides to healthcare organizations as well as its purpose to the medical community in general.
Be sure to cite any outside research sources and proofread your work prior to its submission.
APA format

Rights of Prisoners

Prepare a paper detailing the differences exhibited between balancing the constitutional rights of prisoners and the functions of the jail or prison. Explain the mandatory rights that prison administrators must provide prisoners and discuss how those rights are balanced with the security, safety, court requirements, visits, and other functions of the facility. Provide an example of where a corrections officer must balance the rights of the inmates with his own daily functions.
The paper must be two to three pages in length (excluding title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style. You must use at least two scholarly resources (at least one of which can be found in the Ashford University Library) in addition to the textbook to support your claims. Cite your sources within the text of your paper and on the reference page.

Rabble Management

Define the difference between jail and prison. In addition, define the term rabble as it relates to the concept of American jails being a form of “rabble management.” Provide your opinion on the value and effectiveness of jails as forms of rabble management for society.

Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length. Support your claims with examples from the required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references.

Constitutional Rights of Prisoners

The Supreme Court has held that prisons may restrict the constitutional rights of prisoners where the restriction is connected to a legitimate penological interest. Provide an example of this idea when prisoners’ constitutional rights may be restricted in the interest of a legitimate jail function. Is it fair that prisoners’ rights may be restricted by prison administrators? Why or why not?

Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length. Support your claims with examples from the required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references.

Security in the Prison

Given your outstanding performance in the efforts you put forth with regard to the Convention Center project, you have now been assigned another task by the county supervisors in Centervale.

In the last 20 years, the community has decided to support a number of ballot measures to increase the punishment assigned to criminal behavior. These new initiatives have brought about new penalties and longer prison sentences for offenders. Therefore, the population in your local prison has begun to steadily increase.

Knowing that building a new prison is not possible due to financial shortfalls in the city budget, you have been asked to consider security cutbacks in the prison in order to save funds.

Please advise your superiors with regard to the options that have been discussed in the last city council meeting and citizen forum and commission. The city council meeting raised two key possibilities with regard to the budget cutbacks and rising cost of housing inmates.

The council is suggesting the possible integration of private security personnel into the city facility in order to lower the cost of staffing. The council is also proposing the use of security technology to control prison safety in place of staff.

Tasks:

You will conduct an analysis to be presented in a 10- to 15-slide Microsoft PowerPoint presentation and use detailed speaker notes for each of the slides. Use APA in-text citations and three external sources that are referred to on a corresponding reference slide and include the following information:

  • Compare and contrast the advantages and disadvantages of integrating private security personnel in place of correctional officers. Consider safety, training of private security staff, and the level of job-related experience for both groups.
  • Explain how private corporations can run corrections facilities cheaper. What steps would a private facility use to achieve a cheaper cost? Present possible ways the cost savings of replacing correctional officers with private security personnel could be justified.
  • The public is somewhat skeptical about private personnel monitoring criminals. Discuss ways in which the public will initially react, and then in the long term, when it is presented the intended savings by a change from government to private monitoring. Also, discuss how its security fears may be overridden or at least “toned down” by a realization of the cost savings.
  • Many administrators are being charged with the responsibility of reducing their budgets, which can result in a reduction of staffing. If you are the Administrator given this task, how would you address the challenge while considering the possible lawsuits that could be filed based on constitutional issues? What would be possible constitutional issues that could be raised in a lawsuit related to inadequate staffing?
  • Explain how a failure to acknowledge the role of technology in our goal to secure correctional facilities may help magnify issues related to the nation’s already overcrowded prison system and burdensome associated cost. Technology can be a key component to ensuring the stability, safety, and overall security of correctional facilities nationwide.
  • Evaluate the private security company’s proposal of the use of closed-circuit cameras, remote-controlled access, and biometrics for prisoner access to cells, common areas, and other prison sectors.
  • Review the proposal and state whether it will improve security and actually serve to reduce the cost of housing inmates. Discuss areas in which cost savings would be realized.
  • Compare your analysis with the argument of the correctional officers’ union: They claim that the use of private security staff and technology will not improve the city facility but will actually lower standards and put the public in danger. Do you agree or disagree? Defend your position with substantive information.

Addressing Narcoterrorism

Due to foreign wars and continuing conflicts in the Middle East, terrorist activities in Mexico have received little attention from the US citizens or media. Yet narco-terrorist activities in Mexico pose a danger to the rest of North America. Mexico is more than just a gateway for drugs; it also serves as an entry to South America for additional resources, business partners, and political support. It is the U.S.’s second-largest trading partner and the third-largest source of imported petroleum.

In order to counter these activities and win the war on terror, the United States must strengthen relations and cooperation with its southern neighbor. Strong U.S.-Mexico relations are essential geopolitically, economically, and socially. The shared border makes it imperative that the two countries work together to solve their common problems.

Having a shared border increases the potential threat from narcoterrorism. The term is being increasingly used for known terrorist organizations that engage in drug trafficking activity to fund their operations and gain recruits and expertise.

There is an increased use of drug trafficking as a means to fund terrorist organizations. For example, in Afghanistan, the Taliban taxed poppy farmers to fund its government. For years, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia and other terrorist organizations in South America taxed drug farmers to fund operations and resistance movements. More recently, these groups have delved into the business of transporting these drugs because it is often more lucrative than any other means to raise funds.

Looking to the future, many issues will need to be addressed before Mexico and the United States can learn to work seamlessly with each other. As with any new initiative, extreme care and sensitivity to cultural differences need to remain top concerns.

For this discussion, you will assume that you have been contracted by the US State Department to address the matter of narcoterrorism, which is beginning to affect the security of our nation, especially along our Southern border. Effective policy must be implemented for dealing with the emerging threat of narcoterrorism.

On the basis of your reading the textbook and outside resources, by Sunday, July 5, 2015, in at least 250 words, post to the Discussion Area your answers to the following questions:

  • With the U.S. concentrating on foreign wars and continuing conflicts in the Middle East, have terrorist activities in Mexico received little attention from the American public or media?
  • Do organized crime and the nexus between narcotics mafia and the terrorist groups in Mexico pose a danger to our nation’s security? Why?
  • Can weapons of mass destruction cross the southern border of the U.S., the same border Narco Terrorists use? Can the issue be addressed by the U.S. alone?
  • Identify the issues of concern and explain your response to how the directive can be accomplished politically.

The Exclusionary Rule

In 1961, the US Supreme Court rendered its decision in Mapp v. Ohio. The case involved an unlawful, warrantless search of Dollree Mapp’s apartment by the police looking for a fugitive. During the search, the police came across illegal pornography and charged Mapp with the possession of obscene materials. The US Supreme Court reversed Mapp’s conviction.

The most significant result of this decision was the formation of the “exclusionary rule” for state prosecutions. At the time, the new rule certainly had an impact on US policing, as exemplified in the New York City Police Department (NYPD). In the year prior to the Mapp case, the NYPD had not secured a single search warrant. In the year after the Mapp case, the NYPD secured and executed over seven hundred search warrants. The number of secured search warrants rapidly increased in the coming years. But the rule continues to be controversial.

Submission Details:

By Saturday, July 4, 2015, in a minimum of 250 words, post to the Discussion Area your response to the following:

  • What is the exclusionary rule, and what was the court’s purpose in creating it?
  • Do you agree with the court that such a rule is needed?
  • Is the exclusionary rule still relevant in light of the deterrent of civil liability for police officers?
  • If so, should there be exceptions to the use of this rule? If it is not needed, should laws be passed to bar the courts from using it? Explain and justify your response.

Supreme Court

Law Homework Help

 

Compare and contrast the cases of Richard Baumhammers and Timothy McVeigh. Discuss how their cases exemplify the threat of domestic terrorism in the United States. In your opinion, does the scale of violence committed by them make either of them “more” or “less” of a terrorist than the other? Explain your answer.
Discuss the significance of symbolism as it pertains to the September 11, 2001 attacks on the American homeland.
200-350 words.

Legal issue in health care in US

Facts
The defendant, a registered nurse, was working on the night shift at a community hospital. During a 3.5-week period, 13 patients on the night shift had seizures, cardiac arrest, and respiratory arrest; nine died. The unit closed, and the defendant went to work at another hospital. Within 3 days, a patient died after exhibiting the same symptoms as those of the patients in the previous hospital while the de-fendant was on duty. The defendant was arrested and tried for 12 counts of murder. The testimony revealed that the defendant in- jected the patients with massive doses of lidocaine (a rhythm-controlling drug). Evidence showed that the defendant assisted the patients before they ex-hibited seizures, providing opportunity for the nurse to administer the drug. She was observed acting strangely on the nights of the deaths, and high con-centrations of lidocaine were found in the patients’ syringes. Moreover, syringes containing the drug and lidocaine vials were discovered in the defen-dant’s home.Pretrial investigation revealed that 26 other pa-tients had died at the defendant’s ï¬rst hospital while under the nurse’s care. All had the same symptoms. The defendant, who waived her right to trial by jury, was found guilty of the 12 counts of murder. The nurse appealed the judgment of death.
Issue
Did the expert testimony support the ï¬nding that an overdose of lidocaine caused the patients’ deaths? Did the evidence prove that the defendant had the opportunity to give patients overdoses of lidocaine?
Holding
The California Supreme Court upheld the convictions.
Reason
The expert testimony about the levels of lidocaine in the patients’ tissue, coupled with the nurse’s testi-mony concerning the symptoms prior to the deaths, conï¬rmed that the patients died from overdoses given to them by the defendant. Testimony showed that the defendant was the only nurse on duty the night each patient was poisonedonly some of the nights, and only the defendant had the opportunity to administer the fatal doses.
 
 
here is the Q
Examine how the evidence showed—when there were no eyewitnesses—that the defen-dant was the one who killed the 12 patients.2. Discuss the processes hospitals should imple-ment to prevent such occurrences (e.g., hiring practices and background checks).

Treatment versus Punishment

When looking at the relationship between social justice and juvenile justice, there are two over arching concepts when addressing juvenile delinquency – treatment and punishment. These two concepts have driven a cycle of changes in the juvenile justice system over the years. Your task is to support your premise that your state or city should either implement a philosophy of treatment or punishment for juvenile offenders for a specific crime or criminal justice issue identified in your paper.

  1. Explain the differences between the treatment and punishment concepts. Build the case for which one you believe has the stronger position based on your research and the crime or criminal justice issue you selected to study.
  2. Review the juvenile crime statistics between three cities or states in three different parts of the country (e.g., Boston, Chicago, and Seattle) for a crime or criminal justice issue. Incorporate a graphic display to present your findings. Be sure to include at least three demographic items, such as gender, ethnicity, race, education, or socio-economic status, in your analysis. Ensure you standardize your data (i.e., 1:1000; 1:10,000; or 1: 100,000) and incorporate the scale in a key for each chart.
  3. Identify the prevailing thought in the city or state: Is it treatment or punishment? Analyze the differences in the recidivism rates between the cities or states you have selected? Is recidivism the best indicator of success or failure or should we use a different indicator?
  4. In chapters 2 and 3 of the text, our author addresses biological, psychological and sociological theories to help explain juvenile delinquency. Evaluate which of these theories would best support your thesis.
  5. Support which juvenile justice intervention strategy would be effective to counter the crime or criminal justice issue based on your research?
  6. Conclude with a summary of which concept (treatment or punishment) best supports the over arching concept of social justice?

The paper must be ten to twelve pages in length and formatted according to APA style. You must use at least six scholarly resources (at least four of which must be found in the Ashford Online Library) other than the textbook to support your claims. Cite your sources within the text of your paper and on the reference page. For information regarding APA, including samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center, located within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar, in your online course.
Writing the Final Paper
The Final Paper:

  1. Must be ten to twelve double-spaced pages in length, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  2. Must include a title page with the following:
    1. Title of paper
    2. Student’s name
    3. Course name and number
    4. Instructor’s name
    5. Date submitted
  3. Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.
  4. Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
  5. Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.
  6. Must use at least six scholarly resources, including a minimum of four from the Ashford University Library.
  7. Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  8. Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Security Lapses

3 page paper. AND  develop a minimum of 5 PowerPoint slides with notes
You are the new warden assigned to a closed-security prison. This prison has been overwhelmed with security lapses that have resulted in four escapes over the past 3 years. The assaults among inmates have risen 30% over the past year, and there have been two assaults on staff in the past 6 months. You have been assigned to resolve the situation.

  • What would you do?
  • List at least 4 of your priorities?
  • Explain what measures you would take to protect inmates?
  • Explain what measures you would take to protect staff?
  • How would you handle the vocational aspects of the prison and the academic educational aspects so that all instructors, staff, and inmates are protected?
  • How would you implement your changes?

APA format. Reference Page. 5 Sources cited throughout the paper.
3 page paper. AND  develop a minimum of 5 PowerPoint slides with notes

  • Remember to include APA citation and references in your notes as well.

Probation/Parole

Write a report on a special probation/parole client and programs that have been established to address this problem client. Focus on 1type of special needs offender (substance abusers, sex offenders, gang-affiliated, DWI offenders, those with HIV/AIDS, or those with mental disabilities).
Include in your report several (at least 2–3) examples of programs that have been created.

  • List their strengths, weaknesses, successes, and failures.
  • In the second part of your report, discuss plans for a new program.
  • Use the strengths from some of the programs that you have researched in your design.
  • Provide specific details as to how and why your program will be a success.

4 pages. APA format. Abstract. Reference Page 5 sources cited throughout.

Real Estate Law

Part 1: Draft a property sale agreement based on the information in the attachment
Part 2: Draft a notice of lease termination based on information in attachment.

Constitution Paper

 

  • How the Constitution addressed the weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation
  • How the Constitution addressed the complaints in the Declaration of Independence
  • The Great Compromise and how representation of states in Congress is determined

Include a more detailed discussion of one of the following topics in your paper:

  • The method of election for officials in the U.S. House of Representatives, Senate, and executive branch

350 word
 

Materials

Criminal Justice Agency Social Media Review Paper

Resources: Internet, CJ Communications in the USA

 

Select a local, state, or federal criminal justice agency. Imagine that you are the Public Information Officer (PIO) for your chosen agency, and your managers want you to evaluate the effectiveness of their social media efforts.

 

Review that agency’s website, Facebook® page, or Twitter® account.

Write a 1,050- to 2,100-word paper, in which you include the following:

  • Identify the main components and features of the social media format you reviewed.
  • Evaluate the positive aspects and negative aspects of the format.
  • Describe any suggestions and justifications you have for changes. If you would not make any changes, explain why.

Format your paper in accordance with APA guidelines.

differences between human smuggling and trafficking

  1. Describe and discuss the differences between human smuggling and trafficking. Describe and discuss the similarities and differences between forced labor, involuntary servitude, peonage and debt bondage. Identify one of the Saint Leo Core values and apply it to the discussion. (250 words)
  2. As you are aware, it is very important for folks to have a good working knowledge of the law in order to be effective in our efforts related to Domestic and International conflicts and Terrorism.  We will continue to examine federal law (U.S. Criminal Code).  If someone knows the law they can take steps to develop investigative leads or fragmented information to new levels so suspects can be developed and prosecuted.  A note, most states have laws that align to federal statutes.

You may find use of the below federal felony laws (U.S. Criminal Code) that may be applied to all sorts of issues that are identified in your communities.  You will see just how easy it is to apply much of the behavior to the various acts that we find in our nation.  Be sure to explore our Border Authority and just how vast that provision of the law affords us search authority.
18 USC 2- Principal
18 USC 371- Conspiracy
18-USC 4- Misprison of a Felony
18-1001- False Statements or Omissions
18-USC 1341 and 1342 Mail and Wire Fraud
18-USC Chapter 63 (more offenses)
26-USC Tax Crimes
Explore these statutes and look for other federal crimes (not really interested in drug crime law) that we can apply in the investigation of Terrorism.  Be creative and design fictional fact patterns to use as class examples. (250 words)

  1. Describe the geographic location and politico-religious background from the Islamic conquest to todays’ ISIL/ISIL terrorist offensive of any 3 oppressed minorities in the Middle-East from the list below: Kurds of Kurdistan (politically divided between Turkey, Iraq, Iran & Syria); Druze; ‘Alawites; Turkmen; Assyrian/Chaldean/Syriac Christians; Yazidis/Zoroastrians; Shabakz; Baha’i and Jews before their mass-expulsion in the 1950s-60s.

The Dynamic Legislative Process

Go to the website: http://congress.indiana.edu/interactive-learning-modules scroll down and click on the picture next to the topic: The Dynamic Legislative Process

Work through the whole module, answering the following questions along the way. Your final write up should be at least 2 pages in length (500 words).

Questions:

1.     What are the basic steps in the standard outline of the process through which a proposed bill becomes a law? Briefly identify what happens at each stage.

2.      Discuss 2-3 criticisms of congress and the general response to those criticisms.

 3.   Explain how lawmaking is a dynamic, complex political process beyond the textbook model. Give examples of other considerations from introduction to committee to floor.

Employee Use of Internet At Work: Policy Proposals

Your consulting services have been requested by the CEO of a Fortune 500 company.  The CEO is concerned about the use of the internet at work and employs your consulting services to discuss her concerns. Primarily, she is concerned that employees might be abusing the internet and is wondering what repercussions the company might face in a variety of legal areas, specifically with respect to the legal environment of business, ethics, and human resources issues. She is also concerned with preventing abuse of the internet at all levels, from low-level employees to the Board of Directors.

She requests a memo from you regarding:

  1. Possible torts that could be committed by employees who use the internet at work
  2. Possible crimes that could be committed by employees who use the internet at work (and indicate whether the crimes are white collar or blue collar)
  3. Liability of the corporation versus liability of the individual employee through commission of torts or crimes using the internet at work
  4. Whether violations of the duty of care or duty of loyalty could exist through use of social media sites at work
  5. Employee privacy rights or concerns that exist regarding use of the internet at work
  6. Employment laws that protect the employee or the employer with respect to use of the internet at work.

Identify two policies that this CEO could put in place to curb the potential for abuse of the internet at work, with one policy that addresses low-level employees and one policy that is targeted for the board of directors. Keep in mind the business judgment rule with respect to the latter policy and discuss whether it might ever be invoked to enforce or ignore such a policy. Articulate your ideas on how to remedy the issue of corporate malfeasance that occurs through abuse of the internet at work.  Proffer some clear recommendations to the CEO about how to improve overall corporate governance by reducing the potential for abuse of the internet at work.

You must also clearly address ethical issues that arise regarding your policies; note that ethical issues might exist on behalf of the employee if your policies are not utilized, but ethical issues might exist on behalf of the employer if the polices are implemented.

The CEO intends to pass along this memo to other employees in the company who might not have a strong understanding of these concepts. Thus, you are also requested to clearly explain and define the legal concepts you raise. She also is concerned about offending employees with policy suggestions and requests you keep this in mind with your suggested policies.

This issue exists in many companies and corporations, so you are encouraged to research outside sources for data supporting policies to reduce abuse of the internet at work. Demonstrate critical thinking by analyzing, evaluating, and interpreting appropriate policies to provide an original perspective to enhance corporate legal and ethical environs as they relate to use of the internet at work.

You are expected to convey complex ideas in a clear, concise and organized fashion, using the required and recommended readings from the course for analytical support.  Although you are encouraged to cite from your textbook, you are required to cite a minimum of four scholarly sources (beyond the textbook) to support your statements. The CSU-Global Library is a good place to find these sources.

Your well-written paper should be 8-10 pages in length, not including the title or references pages.  Review the Portfolio grading rubric, which can be accessed from the Course Information page, and make sure to follow the CSU-Global Guide to Writing and APA Requirements. Please be sure to reach out to your instructor at any point in the course if you have questions about the assignment.

Law Homework

There are 4 essays due all in Word in APA format

Each assignment is listed below with the min. word for each. Assign 1 is 500 word min. and the other 3 are 200 qord min.  Reference book to get information for them is

Fradella, H. & Newbauer, D. (2014). America’s Courts and the Criminal Justice System

Eleventh Edition. Wadsworth. Belmont, CA.

Assign 1

Case Summary:

Use your text and the internet to research the case of Chisom v. Roemer. In a narrative format of 500 or more words, outline the case. Give the facts, issue, and court holding.

Assign 2

Case Analysis 1:

In a minimum of 200 words, discuss the pros and cons of judges being elected by their constituents.

Assign 3

Case Analysis 2:

In a minimum of 200 words, discuss the pros and cons of judges being appointed by elected officials.

Assign 4

Executive Decisions:

If you were governor of your state, do you believe there should be term limits for judges? Give detailed reasons for you decision to either implement term limits or not. Minimum 200 words.

Criminal Justice

 

Write a 1,000 word paper in which you address police department roles and functions that includes the following questions.

I want you to write each of these topics (below) as a (level II sub-header) in your paper followed by the answer. The sub-header will be written (verbatim), centered and in boldface.

Level II Sub-Headers

1) What are the principal roles and functions of police organizations and their role as it applies to the law?

2) What are the various types of police agencies at the local, state, and federal level and the roles and functions of each?

3) What are the roles and functions of patrol work? Provide a list.

Provide at least 2 references that are NOT from a web site. Preferably, a peer reviewed article or from a book.  You can use the class text book(s).

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

UCC Statute of Frauds

Explain, in 3-5 paragraphs, relying solely on the  and the materials about the Statute of Frauds

“Windy City Watches” is a men’s jewelry store that is located in downtown Chicago, IL. Fortunately, business is booming and Wally, the proprietor, needs to order a large quantity of Rolek watches (which he sells for $50 apiece) because his stock is almost depleted. Therefore, he calls Randy Rolek, a wholesaler located in Milwaukee, WI, who supplies retailers with Roleks.

Wally and Randy discuss terms on the phone for a while. Eventually, Wally offers to purchase 100 watches for a total price of $2,500. Randy replies “Okay, you’ve got yourself a deal. Listen, I’m going to send you an order form to sign. Send it back to me, and I’ll ship the watches.”

Randy then faxes Wally a form which says: “I, Wally, agree to purchase Rolek watches from Randy for $25 per watch.” Wally signs the form and mails it back to Randy. Randy receives the signed form two days later.

The following week, Randy sends Wally a package with 50 watches and a note that says:
“Hi Wally: Here are 50 of the watches we discussed last week. I’ll have the remaining 50 to you within a few days. In the meantime, I’m enclosing my bill. [signed] Randy”
Enclosed in the package is a bill for $2,500 for 100 watches. Unfortunately, Wally by this time had changed his mind about buying the watches, as he figures that he’d rather sell Rolexes. He therefore calls up Randy and says:

“Listen, Randy, I’m sorry, but I changed my mind about the whole business. I’ll send you back your watches and I’ll even reimburse your shipping expenses, but I can’t pay for the watches.”
Randy sues Wally to enforce the original agreement. Wally argues that under the UCC Statute of Frauds, this agreement is unenforceable because it was never reduced to writing. Randy argues that:
1) Wally signed the order form; so the contract was in writing; and
2) In any case, the UCC Statute of Frauds was satisfied by performance when Randy sent over the watches.
Who is correct? Explain, in 3-5 paragraphs, relying solely on the UCC Statute of Frauds and the materials about the Statute of Frauds you learned during your NPC Contracts course. Case law is not necessary for this assignment. An IRAC-based essay is also not necessary.

Justice Scalia’s dissent in Jaffee v. Redmond

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper

Read Justice Scalia’s dissent in Jaffee v. Redmond (available at http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/95-266.ZD.html ) (Social Work and Law Ch. 5 Instructor resource)

 

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper rebutting the justice’s concerns about the competencies of human service workers. Provide quality supporting sources to illustrate the value that human service workers provide the criminal justice system.

Contracts Law

Situation 1
Sam was getting along in years and wanted to provide for his grandson Dave’s future. Over dinner one evening, Sam asked Dave what he would like Sam to leave him after Sam died. Dave replied that he was very fond of Sam’s 1957 Thunderbird. “Very well,” said Sam, “I will change my will to leave you the Thunderbird.” “Thanks, Grandpa,” Dave replied. “I’ll make you proud.”

Question 1
True or False: Sam and David formed a contract obligating Sam to amend his will to leave the Tbird to Dave. Answer True or False and provide legal support for your conclusion.

Situation 2
Suppose that Dave was a reckless 21-year old who was, in Sam’s opinion, a bit too fond of cold beer, high stakes poker, and fast cars. Sam promised to will the Thunderbird to Dave if Dave would refrain from drinking and gambling and avoid speeding tickets for the rest of Sam’s life. Dave promised to refrain from drinking and gambling and to avoid speeding tickets for the rest of Sam’s life.

Question 2
Select the best answer and provide legal support for your selection:

 

  1. A bilateral contract is formed. Sam must change his will.

 

  1. A unilateral contract is formed. Sam is under no obligation to change his will.

 

  1. A unilateral contract is formed. Sam must change his will.

 

  1. A bilateral contract is formed. Sam is under no obligation to change his will.

 

Situation 3
Suppose that, in addition to promising to refrain from drinking and gambling and to avoid speeding tickets for the rest of Sam’s life, Dave actually did as he promised for the rest of Sam’s life.

Question 3
True of False: Sam and David formed a contract obligating Sam to amend his will to leave the Tbird to Dave. Answer True or False and provide legal support for your conclusion.

Situation 4
Returning to the facts of Question 2, suppose that Sam promised to will the Thunderbird to Dave if Dave would promise to refrain from drinking, gambling, and speeding for the rest of Sam’s life. Dave replied that he promised to refrain from drinking, gambling, and speeding for the rest of Sam’s life.

Question 4
Select the best answer and provide legal support for your selection:
 

  1. A bilateral contract is formed. Sam must change his will.

 

  1. A unilateral contract is formed. Sam is under no obligation to change his will.

 

  1. A unilateral contract is formed. Sam must change his will.

 

  1. A bilateral contract is formed. Same is under no obligation to change his will.

 

Situation 5

When Sam’s regular nurse told Sam that she required back surgery and that the doctor estimated it would take at least six months for her to recover sufficiently to resume work, Sam sought to hire Jill to be his nurse for a period of up to six months, or until Sam’s regular nurse became physically able to resume her duties. In exchange for Jill’s services, Sam promised to either (1) pay Jill $5,000 per month or (2) provide Jill’s family with suitable rent-free housing for as long as Jill was Sam’s nurse.

Question 5

Sam made alternative promises to Jill as consideration for her services. Sam was able to choose between the two alternatives, yet a valid contract was formed. Why?

Criminal Law

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper describing the history of police. Include the following in your paper:

  • Describe the impact of Sir Robert Peel on American policing.
  • Analyze the relationship between the U.S. government and the policing organizations throughout the United States.
  • Explain how this relationship may affect police practices.

 

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

 

Criminal procedure and criminal evidence

1.      What are the three requirements for the state of mind exception to the hearsay rule?

2.      What two principles justify the state of mind exception to the hearsay rule?

3.      What are the five required showings under FRE 803(4) with respect to statements for purposes of medical diagnosis?

4.      What are the foundational requirements for former testimony?

5.      What is the difference between a confession and an admission?

6.      Miranda requires the police to warn a suspect in custody of what rights?

7.      A confession of one defendant, implicating a co-defendant is generally inadmissible.  Explain why these confessions are inadmissible, and give some of the suggested procedures for overcoming this problem.

8.      List the exceptions to Miranda.

9.      What is the difference, if any, between the Sixth Amendment and the Miranda right to counsel?

10.  What constitutes deliberate elicitation?  What constitutes a custodial interrogation?

11.  The states follow one of two procedures to determine whether a confession was freely and voluntarily made.  Explain each.

What is the hearsay rule and why does it exist 1.      What are the characteristics of a good witness?

The Exclusionary Rule relates primarily to to cases involving issues of search and seizure, arrests, interrogations and stop and frisk 1.      violations. Please state two exemptions to the Exclusionary Rule and explain them in detail.

Criminology

Although Criminology is a good journal, you need to make sure the authors collected their own data through a survey, interviews or another type of original research
locate a recent criminal justice research article from a recognized peer-reviewed professional journal or government publication.
Note. Non-peer-reviewed newspaper articles or articles from popular magazines, such as Time or Newsweek,are not acceptable. For assistance on determining what constitutes a professional peer-reviewed resource, contact your facilitator.
Write a  5 and Half  paper in which you address the following:
  • Identify the purpose of the research study, problem, and questions.
  • Describe the design of the study.
  • Identify an operational definition used by the researchers.
  • Provide one example of inductive logic and one example of deductive logic presented in the results.
  • Identify whether the research study is a quantitative or qualitative design. Explain your answer.
  • Identify the methodology, population, sampling methods, and return rate, if applicable.
  • What were the findings of the study?
  • Describe the author’s conclusions and recommendations.
  • In your opinion, could the study have been done
The goal of this paper is to have you analyze/evaluate a research study.  The most important aspect is the article that you select.  You really need to use the university library and find an article which comes from an academic journal.  Some of the best research will be found in “Justice Quarterly”, “Criminology”, “The Journal of Criminal Justice”, and other journals which are available through the library.

The easiest way to find an academic article is to use the library and search on a topic you are interested in.  Then look to see what the journal is called.  Try to avoid internet sources.  If you have questions, send me the name of the journal, the name of the article and the abstract.  I can make sure it is the correct type.

Once you address the requirements of the paper as listed above, you will get to express your opinion about the study.  If you think it was well done, that is fine.  If though you thought there were problems, you can critique the study.

DUE IN 24 HOURS.
 
USE APA  FOFMAT.

Crime Victim Studies

The prosecutor is getting feedback from local law enforcement officers explaining that they are discouraged from making arrests in cases of domestic violence and child abuse. They claim that they have been neither making arrests in domestic violence situations nor arresting both parties when they go out on a call. It seems that abused women often go back to the abusers, and children who get removed from the homes where they have been abused often return after removal. These occurrences have been especially demoralizing to law enforcement.

One of your jobs in working as a victims’ witness assistant is to help educate law enforcement on the nature and behaviors involved in domestic violence and child abuse. The prosecutor’s office has decided that you should present each of the following topics for the next training session:

Topic 1: Domestic Violence: Your goal is to educate law enforcement to use best practices in the investigation of domestic abuse cases. Include the following topics:

  • How to approach a domestic violence situation when responding to an emergency call
    • When the parties should be separated
    • How to interview parties
    • What information needs to be in the report and why
    • How best to help a victim
    • What laws protect victims, including the use of protection orders
    • Why victims return to abusers
    • Length of time it may take to stay away from their abusers
  • Arrests
    • The legal standard needed to make an arrest in a domestic violence case
    • What evidence should be collected at the arrest
    • Are dual arrests effective law enforcement
    • How to assist domestic violence victims
      • Reluctant victims
      • Help for victims

Topic 2: Child Abuse: Your goal will be to educate law enforcement about the dynamics of abuse and neglect cases. Include the following topics:

  • Signs of child abuse and categories (physical, sexual, emotional)
  • Difference between abuse and neglect
    • Legal description of neglect
  • Use of guardian ad litems
    • The legal standards that must be met in removal from the home
    • Termination of parental rights
  • Requirements of Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA)
  • Role of court-appointed special advocates (CASA) in child abuse and neglect cases
  • Role of Social Services in abuse and neglect cases

PowerPoint presentation: 5-10 slides with notes

Law Homework

Write a 4-5 Page Paper Describing the Provisions of the following Major Labor Laws as well as their Impact on organizations and union-management relationship:

1. The Railway Labor Act

2. The Norris-La Guardia Act

3. The Waner Act

4. The Taft-Hartley Act

5. The Landrum-Griffin Act

Reading Assignment – Marson, Ch 5

Assignment Objective – List the federal agencies that regulate each of the areas of employment law covered, and explain how they implement the relevant law and policy.

Once Again, This MUST be Plagiarism Free! Make Sure there are the correct number of pages excluding Title, Abstract, Intro, Conclusion and References.

 

Financial Business Law Case Study

Case Hypothetical and Ethical Dilemma

Directions:  Read the following case. Write a case study that carefully considers the case scenario and questions. For more information on expectations for case studies, click here. When complete, submit your case to the Dropbox here.

Tommy McCartney is a sixteen-year-old high school student. He has worked forty hours per week at the local convenience store over the last year, and has diligently saved $6,000 for the purchase of his first car.

While visiting a local car dealership, Tommy finds the “car of his dreams,” a used yellow Camaro. Tommy walks into the dealership, announces to the dealership owner that he is “ready to buy,” negotiates $6,000 as the purchase price, and leaves the dealership a proud car owner.

Over the course of the next six months, Tommy drives the Camaro eight thousand miles, wears the tires thin, dents the left front fender, and regrets his purchase. He realizes that in two short years college will beckon, and he knows that his parents cannot afford to pay for his higher education. In short, he wants his money back.

On a Saturday morning, Tommy returns to the car dealership, walks into the sales office, and hands the keys to the seller, asking for the return of his $6,000. The dealer chuckles, and then his look turns stern, saying “Son, I don’t owe you anything. You’ve just learned a lesson in the ‘School of Hard Knocks.’ The car is still yours, and the money is still mine!”

Who will prevail?  If you were the judge, what would be your ruling

Is it legal to allow Tommy to escape his contractual obligations?

Is it ethical to allow Tommy to escape his contractual obligations?

Make sure you answer these questions in addition to providing a case study response (i.e. IRAC).

[Guaranteed A only]

Juvenile Probation Programs

Search the Internet for different juvenile probation programs, institutions, and aftercare programs. Write a paper on any two of your choice.

Write your paper comparing and contrasting each program. Include the following elements in your paper:

  • A detailed description of each program (including APA citation and references as to where you found the information)
  • Goals, successes, and failures of each program
  • Your conclusion about which program you think would be most effective in treating and rehabilitating juvenile delinquents.
  • Include in this summary what you might do to improve the program even more.

The following grading criteria will be used for this assignment.

  • 15%: A detailed description of each program (including APA citation and references as to where you found the information)
  • 25%: Goals, successes, and failures of each program
  • 30%: Your conclusion about which program you think would be most effective in treating and rehabilitating juvenile delinquents.
  • 30%: Include in this summary what you might do to improve the program even more.

APA Format. 4 pages. Reference Page and Abstract, No plagerism

Multinational corporations & Public Trading

Read the following scenarios and the questions that follow. Identify the legal issue(s) and apply legal concepts and possible arguments for each question. Prepare a resolution for each question using laws, cases, examples, and/or other relevant materials. In a separate section of the paper, identify potential ethical issues and propose a solution for each issue. Finally, provide suggestions to help the organization to avoid future occurrences of the legal and ethical issues identified in the dilemma.

Walexron is a publicly traded, US multinational corporation headquartered in Little Rock, Arkansas, operating in all 50 states, Europe, Asia, South America, and Africa. In 2009, Walexron was created by the consolidation of a large discount retailer, express carrier, and energy company with the intent to become one of the most powerful and efficient companies in the world.

  1. Ima Klutz was painting one of the hangar facilities operated by Walexron for its package delivery services. Ima was electrocuted when she came in contact with a high voltage electrical wire. OSHA requires employers to prevent employees from working near any part of an electric power circuit unless protected against electric shock through one of various insulation techniques.
  2. The package delivery division of Walexron produces a significant amount of hazardous materials such as used oil, brake fluid, batteries, paint, and others. The costs involved in properly disposing of the company’s hazardous materials in the United States continue to increase. Dee Zaster, Welexron’s environmental specialist, is considering options for reducing costs, such as shipping some of the materials for disposal in Vietnam, Thailand, Colombia, and Brazil.
  3. The energy division of Walexron developed a new oil that will be sold to wholesalers.  The vice president of marketing asked you to review the four pricing proposals submitted by the marketing teams.
    • Walexron should set a minimum price that the wholesalers can charge.
    • Walexron should set a maximum price that the wholesalers can charge.
    • The wholesalers can charge any price they want within a certain range; if they charge a higher price, they must give the customer a rebate or coupon for the differential.
    • The wholesalers can charge any price they want, but if they advertise a price that is less than Walexron’s specified minimum advertised price, the wholesalers are not entitled to receive the marketing funds that Walexron provides to wholesalers that do not advertise prices that are less than the specified minimum.
  4. Walexron entered into an agreement with Chuangxiang Toys in China to manufacture remote control helicopters, which would carry the name RC Ranger Helicopter W450. Walexron requires its overseas suppliers to conduct quality control testing on most of its imported products before selling them in the stores. In a recent study, there was a small indication that the helicopters had the potential to catch fire if the batteries overheat. Walexron’s executives approved the design anyway, and the helicopters were delivered to Walexron’s stores in the United States, Canada, and South America. Initial market response to the Ranger Helicopters was positive, and many competitors eyed the unique feature of the camera located in the helicopter.

    A Walexron employee, Lou Scannon, leaked the findings of the safety study to the public and a consumer watchdog group. In a press conference called by Scannon, Lou explained the safety testing process for the Ranger Helicopter and results in detail. Based on the information provided by Scannon, a consumer group known as Public Interest for Toy Safety “PITS” sued Walexron and Chuangxiang Toys, claiming negligence.

  5. Walexron’s Senior Vice President of Finance, Penny Lis, and one of her colleagues, Sue Denaly, were on a WebEx and learned that Walexron’s new Ranger Helicopters were going to be recalled within the next 48 hours. While the speaker was talking, Sue typed a comment in the chat box, “This won’t be good for stock prices.” After the WebEx ended, Penny and Sue immediately contacted their brokers and sold a large portion of their interests in Walexron stocks.
  6. Silver Wings Aircraft (SWA) periodically purchased used planes and parts from Walexron’s package delivery division. In 2012, SWA purchased a used tug for $18,000. Because of the good relationship between Walexron and SWA, Walexron financed the tug. Last month, SWA sold the tug to a smaller hangar facility for $3,500 two days before filing bankruptcy. SWA still owes Walexron $15,000 for the tug.
  7. Walexron offered to sell 5000 Ranger Helicopters W450 to a retailer in Canada known as Toy Surplus. Walexron sent the offer by e-mail. Toy Surplus accepted the offer, stating, “We accept your offer for 5000 Ranger Helicopters, but require an additional 250 Ranger Helicopter V100 for the same price.”
  8. Walexron ships the new oil to various countries, including several countries in South America. For a shipment to Brazil, an employee of Walexron offered a customs official 1,000 US dollars in exchange for levying duties on only half of the shipment, which would save Walexron over $65,000 a year in duties, taxes, and administrative fees.
  9. Walexron’s stores in Indonesia employ children as young as ten and most work at least six days a week and more than 60 hours per week. Recently, a television news program in the United States reported that Walexron’s employees in Indonesia were paid less than the applicable minimum wage, were required to work excessive overtime, did not receive any benefits, and were exposed to toxic chemicals in violation of applicable health and safety laws.
  10. In 2008, 50-year-old Ophelia Paine was involved in a collision with a semi-trailer, which left her with permanent brain damage and in a wheelchair. The accident was not related to Paine’s work with Walexron. Her husband and two children were awarded a $900,000 accident settlement from the trucking company. After legal costs and other expenses, the remaining $615,000 was put in a special trust to care for Mrs. Paine. However, five years later the providers of Mrs. Paine’s health plan at Walexron sued the Paines for the $375,000 the company spent on her medical care. Walexron claimed that they were entitled to the money because in the fine print of Mrs. Paine’s employment contract it said that money won in damages after an accident belonged to Walexron.

Support your answers with information from at least two scholarly sources. Prepare a 10- to 14-page paper that identifies the legal issues and potential solutions and answers all questions presented, supported by relevant legal authority. Properly cite all sources using APA format.

  • Describe the civil and/or criminal penalties that might arise from Ima’s death.
  • What are the legal issues related to Dee’s decision options for reducing costs, such as shipping some of the materials for disposal in Vietnam, Thailand, Colombia, and Brazil.
  • What are the legal pros and cons of each marketing proposal? What additional information do you need to adequately respond to the vice president?
  • Based on the elements required for a claim of negligence, will PITS be successful in its suit against Walexron? Chuangxiang Toys? Why or why not?
  • What steps should Walexron take to protect the design of the Ranger Helicopter from competitors?
  • Did Penny or Sue commit any securities violations? Please explain the reasons for your conclusion. What factors might the court consider in conducting such an analysis?
  • Discuss the legal and ethical issues associated with SWA’s action in selling the tug before filing bankruptcy. What recourse does Walexron have in recovering the monies still owed on the equipment?
  • Under the CISG, has Walexron entered a contract with Toy Supply? Why or why not?
  • What are the legal and ethical ramifications of the employee’s offer to the customs official? Would it make a difference if the officer requested a $1000 gift to his son’s soccer team in order to expedite the shipments?
  • What legal and ethical issues are presented by the working conditions of Walexron’s Indonesian stores?
  • What are the legal and ethical ramifications of Walexron’s lawsuit against the Paine family?
  • As the new Director of Compliance, you have reviewed each of the issues presented and the Vice President of Legal requested that you identify any ethical concerns and provide recommendations on how to avoid both legal and ethical issues in the future. Be specific and detailed, and be sure to base recommendations on relevant legal and ethical principles.

Multinational corporations & Public Trading

Read the following scenarios and the questions that follow. Identify the legal issue(s) and apply legal concepts and possible arguments for each question. Prepare a resolution for each question using laws, cases, examples, and/or other relevant materials. In a separate section of the paper, identify potential ethical issues and propose a solution for each issue. Finally, provide suggestions to help the organization to avoid future occurrences of the legal and ethical issues identified in the dilemma.
Walexron is a publicly traded, US multinational corporation headquartered in Little Rock, Arkansas, operating in all 50 states, Europe, Asia, South America, and Africa. In 2009, Walexron was created by the consolidation of a large discount retailer, express carrier, and energy company with the intent to become one of the most powerful and efficient companies in the world.

  1. Ima Klutz was painting one of the hangar facilities operated by Walexron for its package delivery services. Ima was electrocuted when she came in contact with a high voltage electrical wire. OSHA requires employers to prevent employees from working near any part of an electric power circuit unless protected against electric shock through one of various insulation techniques.
  2. The package delivery division of Walexron produces a significant amount of hazardous materials such as used oil, brake fluid, batteries, paint, and others. The costs involved in properly disposing of the company’s hazardous materials in the United States continue to increase. Dee Zaster, Welexron’s environmental specialist, is considering options for reducing costs, such as shipping some of the materials for disposal in Vietnam, Thailand, Colombia, and Brazil.
  3. The energy division of Walexron developed a new oil that will be sold to wholesalers.  The vice president of marketing asked you to review the four pricing proposals submitted by the marketing teams.
    • Walexron should set a minimum price that the wholesalers can charge.
    • Walexron should set a maximum price that the wholesalers can charge.
    • The wholesalers can charge any price they want within a certain range; if they charge a higher price, they must give the customer a rebate or coupon for the differential.
    • The wholesalers can charge any price they want, but if they advertise a price that is less than Walexron’s specified minimum advertised price, the wholesalers are not entitled to receive the marketing funds that Walexron provides to wholesalers that do not advertise prices that are less than the specified minimum.
  4. Walexron entered into an agreement with Chuangxiang Toys in China to manufacture remote control helicopters, which would carry the name RC Ranger Helicopter W450. Walexron requires its overseas suppliers to conduct quality control testing on most of its imported products before selling them in the stores. In a recent study, there was a small indication that the helicopters had the potential to catch fire if the batteries overheat. Walexron’s executives approved the design anyway, and the helicopters were delivered to Walexron’s stores in the United States, Canada, and South America. Initial market response to the Ranger Helicopters was positive, and many competitors eyed the unique feature of the camera located in the helicopter.
    A Walexron employee, Lou Scannon, leaked the findings of the safety study to the public and a consumer watchdog group. In a press conference called by Scannon, Lou explained the safety testing process for the Ranger Helicopter and results in detail. Based on the information provided by Scannon, a consumer group known as Public Interest for Toy Safety “PITS” sued Walexron and Chuangxiang Toys, claiming negligence.
  5. Walexron’s Senior Vice President of Finance, Penny Lis, and one of her colleagues, Sue Denaly, were on a WebEx and learned that Walexron’s new Ranger Helicopters were going to be recalled within the next 48 hours. While the speaker was talking, Sue typed a comment in the chat box, “This won’t be good for stock prices.” After the WebEx ended, Penny and Sue immediately contacted their brokers and sold a large portion of their interests in Walexron stocks.
  6. Silver Wings Aircraft (SWA) periodically purchased used planes and parts from Walexron’s package delivery division. In 2012, SWA purchased a used tug for $18,000. Because of the good relationship between Walexron and SWA, Walexron financed the tug. Last month, SWA sold the tug to a smaller hangar facility for $3,500 two days before filing bankruptcy. SWA still owes Walexron $15,000 for the tug.
  7. Walexron offered to sell 5000 Ranger Helicopters W450 to a retailer in Canada known as Toy Surplus. Walexron sent the offer by e-mail. Toy Surplus accepted the offer, stating, “We accept your offer for 5000 Ranger Helicopters, but require an additional 250 Ranger Helicopter V100 for the same price.”
  8. Walexron ships the new oil to various countries, including several countries in South America. For a shipment to Brazil, an employee of Walexron offered a customs official 1,000 US dollars in exchange for levying duties on only half of the shipment, which would save Walexron over $65,000 a year in duties, taxes, and administrative fees.
  9. Walexron’s stores in Indonesia employ children as young as ten and most work at least six days a week and more than 60 hours per week. Recently, a television news program in the United States reported that Walexron’s employees in Indonesia were paid less than the applicable minimum wage, were required to work excessive overtime, did not receive any benefits, and were exposed to toxic chemicals in violation of applicable health and safety laws.
  10. In 2008, 50-year-old Ophelia Paine was involved in a collision with a semi-trailer, which left her with permanent brain damage and in a wheelchair. The accident was not related to Paine’s work with Walexron. Her husband and two children were awarded a $900,000 accident settlement from the trucking company. After legal costs and other expenses, the remaining $615,000 was put in a special trust to care for Mrs. Paine. However, five years later the providers of Mrs. Paine’s health plan at Walexron sued the Paines for the $375,000 the company spent on her medical care. Walexron claimed that they were entitled to the money because in the fine print of Mrs. Paine’s employment contract it said that money won in damages after an accident belonged to Walexron.

Support your answers with information from at least two scholarly sources. Prepare a 10- to 14-page paper that identifies the legal issues and potential solutions and answers all questions presented, supported by relevant legal authority. Properly cite all sources using APA format.

  • Describe the civil and/or criminal penalties that might arise from Ima’s death.
  • What are the legal issues related to Dee’s decision options for reducing costs, such as shipping some of the materials for disposal in Vietnam, Thailand, Colombia, and Brazil.
  • What are the legal pros and cons of each marketing proposal? What additional information do you need to adequately respond to the vice president?
  • Based on the elements required for a claim of negligence, will PITS be successful in its suit against Walexron? Chuangxiang Toys? Why or why not?
  • What steps should Walexron take to protect the design of the Ranger Helicopter from competitors?
  • Did Penny or Sue commit any securities violations? Please explain the reasons for your conclusion. What factors might the court consider in conducting such an analysis?
  • Discuss the legal and ethical issues associated with SWA’s action in selling the tug before filing bankruptcy. What recourse does Walexron have in recovering the monies still owed on the equipment?
  • Under the CISG, has Walexron entered a contract with Toy Supply? Why or why not?
  • What are the legal and ethical ramifications of the employee’s offer to the customs official? Would it make a difference if the officer requested a $1000 gift to his son’s soccer team in order to expedite the shipments?
  • What legal and ethical issues are presented by the working conditions of Walexron’s Indonesian stores?
  • What are the legal and ethical ramifications of Walexron’s lawsuit against the Paine family?
  • As the new Director of Compliance, you have reviewed each of the issues presented and the Vice President of Legal requested that you identify any ethical concerns and provide recommendations on how to avoid both legal and ethical issues in the future. Be specific and detailed, and be sure to base recommendations on relevant legal and ethical principles.

Application of International Law

Monarch Associates, a U.S. computer parts manufacturer, entered into a joint venture with a Russian computer technology company, Vladir Unlimited. The joint venture agreement was signed by both parties but created by Vladir and had an arbitration clause that called for all legal and nonlegal disputes, to be arbitrated in Russia. Vladir could also choose arbitrators from a panel maintained by the Russia Arbitration Institution. The panel members live in Russia.

Monarch now contends that a legal dispute with Vladir should be handled in the United States. Vladir insists that the dispute should be handled in Russia.

Research international law and its application to companies such as these. Write a five-page paper in Word format. Apply APA standards for writing style to your work.

Respond to the following questions in your essay:

  • What laws govern arbitration in the U.S.?  In Russia?
  • In your opinion, in which country should the dispute be handled?
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages for Monarch Associates under the arbitration arrangement?
  • If you were Monarch Associates’ in-house counsel, what advice would you give them on negotiating future joint ventures with Russian businesses?
  • What other considerations should Monarch Associates keep in mind in the formation of any future contracts with foreign companies?

Evidence

You are at the supervisor of a state crime scene investigation team that has statewide jurisdiction and gets called in by county and municipal authorities for crime scene analysis and laboratory support. A number of larger cities in the state have their own crime scene units. Because crime scene investigators (CSI) get called into court to testify as expert witnesses, your unit has a lot of opportunities to testify in court. The state you live and work in has assumed the Federal Rules of Evidence rule 702 as their own for expert witness testimony. They also have the Frye Standard (something that is not unusual on many states). You will be presenting a paper to the State Division of the International Association for Identification Conference in the capital next week. You will be presenting a paper on the topic of the admissibility of expert witness testimony in court.

In a white paper of 1-2 pages to the graduating police academy class please include responses to the bulleted issues listed below. There are a number of evidence related resources that are not found in academic journals that may be utilized as references in this assignment. It is critical that when you make a statement of fact in your presentation that you cite the reference you obtained the information from in the text of the paper and that the reference is included in your reference page. As always your paper will be submitted in the APA format current edition. No abstract is required as this is a short position paper but a title page, reference page, and appropriate running header with page numbers are necessary.

  • address the following in 1–2 pages:
    • Explain the Daubert Rule in contrast to the Frye Standard and disclose which one of the two would allow for the identification of more expert witnesses if they were used exclusively.

Miranda v Arizona (1966) Case

write a (2) page double space paper with APA format on the Miranda v Arizona (1966) case. Provide background information about this case. Why was it significant? How did the Court’s decision impact the U.S. Constitution and your every day life  Read more:  Miranda v Arizona (1966) Case

APA format paper

Most states make it a crime to purchase alcohol for a minor, sometimes called the shoulder tap crime, based on the typical manner a request by a minor for an adult to buy alcohol occurs. These crimes generally do not require proof that the defendant knew the person was underage. Should the same strict liability apply to a host of a party that is attended by both adults and minors, where alcohol at the private party is furnished to both? Should a host be able to offer evidence that he reasonably believed the minor was old enough to drink? Would it help your case if the jurisdiction made such a defense available to bars and liquor stores that required buyers to provide proof of age?

use the following case to help guide your analysis:

http://www.justia.com/criminal/docs/calcrim/2900/2964.html

Your analysis should be a minimum of two pages in length and follow APA formatting and citation guidelines

Commercial Law assignment

(a) Discuss voluntary administration and compulsory liquidation, describing one similarity and two differences between them.
( 10 marks)
(b) Discuss the purposes of a FSG and a SOA. For each document, describe how the relevant laws could be breached, provide an example where it is breached.
(10 marks)

ASIC bans former managing director of Provident Capital Limited

ASIC has banned Mr Michael Roger O’Sullivan of Sydney from managing corporations for five years and from providing financial services for seven years. The ban follows an ASIC investigation which found Mr O’Sullivan breached his duties as a director and failed to comply with financial services laws.
Mr O’Sullivan was the managing director of Provident Capital Limited (Provident Capital) from 25 May 1998 to 28 January 2014. Provident Capital went into receivership on 3 July 2012 and into liquidation on 24 October 2012.
ASIC suspended Provident Capital’s Australian financial services licence on 15 October 2012.
ASIC’s investigation found Mr O’Sullivan
• failed to exercise due care and diligence in the management and recording of the largest loan made by Provident Capital through its Fixed Term Investment Portfolio
• caused Provident Capital to make misleading statements to ASIC and Australian Executor Trustees Limited
• caused Provident Capital to issue a Debenture Prospectus in December 2010 to raise funds from the public which contained misleading statements, and
• used his position improperly to gain financial advantages for himself and for a company of which he was formerly a director.
ASIC Commissioner John Price said, ‘Directors have a responsibility to ensure that statements made to investors are true and reliable. Failing to meet this simple obligation undermines confidence and trust in the corporate and financial services communities.’
‘Managing companies and providing financial services requires compliance with important obligations. ASIC will remove those who fail to meet these obligations,’ Mr Price said.
Mr O’Sullivan has the right to appeal to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for a review of ASIC’s decision.
ASIC’s investigation is continuing.
REQUIRED:

Discuss the legal issues raised in the above media release. Refer to relevant legislation and/or case law.

Former Gold Coast financial adviser sentenced

A former Gold Coast financial adviser has been sentenced to 12 months jail for providing advice without a reasonable basis and for making a number of false or misleading statements.

Appearing before Southport District Court on 13 March 2015, Ian John Weaver, 70, was convicted and sentenced to 12 months jail on each of the four criminal counts brought by ASIC, conditionally released upon entering into a two year good behaviour bond.

In handing down his decision, his Honour Judge Wall QC commented on the negative impact Mr Weaver’s conduct had on his clients, remarking that he had acted more in his own interests than those of his clients.

His Honour also commented that while Mr Weaver’s convictions should largely serve as a general deterrent against section 1041E offences (the making of false or misleading statements), that it should also serve as a general deterrent against the new civil penalty provisions (section 961B requirements – to act in the best interests of the client), which now replace section 945A of the Act.

ASIC Deputy Chairman Peter Kell said, ‘Mr Weaver’s high risk strategy of recommending double gearing strategies to his clients, the majority who were approaching retirement age, was completely at odds with  the provision of appropriate financial advice.’

In May 2014 Mr Weaver pleaded guilty to three counts of failing to have a reasonable basis for the advice he gave and one count of making a false or misleading statement. He was charged in March 2012 (refer: 12-50AD).

Mr Weaver’s conduct occurred when he was an authorised representative of Enhance Capital Pty Ltd and The Salisbury Group Pty Ltd, between January 2003 and June 2010.

The Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions prosecuted this matter.

Background

In May 2011, ASIC banned Mr Weaver from providing financial services for five years.

 

REQUIRED:

 

Discuss the legal issues raised in the above media release. Refer to relevant legislation and/or case law.

Purpose of criminal justice system

Mini-Papers are single page reflections on a question or exercise. The paper is an opportunity for the student to demonstrate their comprehension of the course material and to apply it to the situation presented. The paper is also an opportunity for the student to demonstrate composition skills. Feedback will be provided for both content and composition. The instructor will create one (1) mini-paper topics/questions.

The mini-paper will be scheduled to be available to students at the beginning of the week corresponding with the mini-paper “Due Date” in the Course Schedule. A designated Mini-Paper rubric will be used to grade and provide feedback on this one-page assignments. Although the mini-paper is NOT a research assignment per se, it may be appropriate to require at least one outside source. Instructors may choose any course-relevant topic they wish, including any current event germane to the course.

Assignment: In a week that includes a Mini-Paper, a separate assignment will appear in the Discussion section of the classroom. These special Mini-Paper questions are NOT to be answered in the Discussions. The one-page response is to be submitted as a MS WORD document by the due date specified.

Format:

  • One full page, headed with the student’s name (No cover page)
  • Narrative must be double spaced, with 1 inch margins, in #12 font type.
  • References from any supportive resource materials must be cited in the narrative and on a separate Bibliography page using the American Psychological Association (APA) format.

Judicial Administration

Research Paper instructions on Judicial Administration

Paper is to be 5 content pages

Apply a thesis as part of this introduction paragraph.

Complete an outline page

Complete an abstract page with at least 150 words.

Include 4 more peer-reviewed references outside of the one I have provided. Write in APA format and double-space.

This is my Introductory paragraph to include but need thesis.
The topic I choose to write my research paper on is Judicial Administration. “In the states, judges assume three types of administrative roles: (1) statewide jurisdiction for state supreme court chief justices; (2) local jurisdiction; and (3) presiding or chief judge-supervising several courts within a judicial district” (Peak, 2012 p.166) In my paper I will aim to discuss the methods of selection. I will also break down the administrative roles of judges and what the judges’ behavior is like in the courtroom. I will discuss the types of judicial misconduct, Revised Model Code of Conduct, and ethical concerns judges face day to day with cases.

Reference

Peak, K.J. (2012). Justice Administration: Police, Courts, and Corrections Management (7th ed.) Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Social Disorganization

Write a 700- to 1,050-word response to the following questions:

  • What is social disorganization?
  • How does social disorganization relate to organized crime and its evolution?
  • How well does social disorganization meet the criteria for organized crime and its various relationships? Why? Explain your answer.
  • What is the correlation of corrupt political machines and social disorganization to the development of organized crime?

Format your resources consistent with APA guidelines.Provide in-text citations and references.

Organized Crime Group

Write a 10- to 12 PowerPoint Presentation that includes an in-depth historical analysis of an organized crime group.

  • Select an organized crime group in the United States, in  Miami (Team D), from the readings or additional resources.
  • Determine the group’s national and multinational structure and operating methods, pertaining to the drug business.
  • Analyze the relationship of your group to its past and to its current role in Prohibition, drug syndicates, political corruption, and other illicit activities.
  • Include the group’s various business interests over time.

Format your presentation consistent with APA guidelines.

Burglary

How has the definition of burglary changed from the old common law definition? Analyze the crime of burglary, including the actus reus and mens rea of burglary. Also provide a hypothetical example of a modern-day burglary

Application of International Law

Monarch Associates, a U.S. computer parts manufacturer, entered into a joint venture with a Russian computer technology company, Vladir Unlimited. The joint venture agreement was signed by both parties but created by Vladir and had an arbitration clause that called for all legal and nonlegal disputes, to be arbitrated in Russia. Vladir could also choose arbitrators from a panel maintained by the Russia Arbitration Institution. The panel members live in Russia.

Monarch now contends that a legal dispute with Vladir should be handled in the United States. Vladir insists that the dispute should be handled in Russia.

 

Research international law and its application to companies such as these. Write a five-page paper in Word format. Apply APA standards for writing style to your work.

 

Respond to the following questions in your essay:

 

  • What laws govern arbitration in the U.S.?  In Russia?
  • In your opinion, in which country should the dispute be handled?
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages for Monarch Associates under the arbitration arrangement?
  • If you were Monarch Associates’ in-house counsel, what advice would you give them on negotiating future joint ventures with Russian businesses?
  • What other considerations should Monarch Associates keep in mind in the formation of any future contracts with foreign companies?

White Collar Essay

Please review the below instructions prior to starting your assigned essay.

Unless otherwise stated, answer in complete sentences, and be sure to use correct English, spelling and grammar. Sources must be cited in APA format, you may not use more than three (3) citations.  Your response should be four (4) double-spaced pages. Essay must be original content. All essay content will be verified through a plagiarism program.

ESSAY:

Prepare a written summary drawing on Edwin Sutherland’s definition of white-collar crime’s two distinct elements.  Identify and describe the two (2) distinct elements. Apply the definition to the following categories of white-collar crime: consumer fraud, environmental crime, religious fraud, and corporate fraud, including one (1) specific case example for each of the four categories. Include a discussion of the costs associated with your examples.

Criminal Justice

Criminal Justice

The topic of the paper is the future of community policing. In the year 2050, how do you predict policing will have evolved and what will the impact of community policing be?

  • Please write a 5 to 7 page paper, 12 pt. font, Times New Roman, one inch margins.
  • You must have at least three scholarly sources in addition to your textbook.
  • In addition to the written work, you must include a cover page and reference page.
  • As always, if you have a reference, it must be cited within the paper. If you have a citation, it must be referenced at the end of the paper. You cannot have one without the other.

Jury Nullification Paper CJA344

Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper in which you address the following: · Summarize the arguments for and against race-based jury nullification. · Include contemporary examples of race-based jury nullification. · Conclude by choosing a position for or against race-based jury nullification and defending the basis of your decision. · Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Police Influence on Society

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper that describes how the historical development of policing in the United States relates to the current relationship between police and different ethnic groups and social classes. Support your discussion with examples from law enforcement practices, court procedures, corrections populations, or all three. Also make sure to include examples of current events to provide a more in-depth explanation of the topic. Format your essay and references consistent with APA guidelines.

CULTURAL RELATIVISM AND ETHICAL RELATIVISM

Explain the difference between cultural relativism and ethical relativism. Do you think that the fact that people disagree about morals, or “right and wrong”, shows that ethical relativism is true?

Policing Practices and Operations Paper

write a 1,050- to 1,750-word paper discussing policing practices and operations. Include an assessment of the following:

• The relationship between traditional organizational structures of policing agencies
• Communication patterns both within and outside the policing agency
• Current trends in the approach to the policing function

Identify any existing issues with the partnership between law enforcement and community.

Recommend any necessary changes to improve partnerships between law enforcement and community.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Discuss the difference between the identity of the policewoman and the policewoman

Essays:

  1. Discuss the difference between the identity of the policewoman and the policewoman.
  2. Explain how deliberate indifference to sexual harassment may expose the department to liability.
  3. Explain the findings in the case of Griggs v. Duke Power Company as it relates to policing.

Chapter 11 addresses legal issues for the police. Of course, many of the legal issues faced by the police will be from the Fourth Amendment rights of search and seizure. The police must have probable cause in order to secure a search warrant or an arrest warrant. The case of Brinegar v. U.S. (1949) indicated that “probable cause exists where the facts and circumstances within the officers’ knowledge, and of which they have reasonably trustworthy information, are sufficient in themselves to warrant a belief by a man of reasonable caution that a crime is being committed.”  This is a higher legal standard than reasonable suspicion. Reasonable suspicion is based on objective facts and logical conclusions that crime has been or is about to be committed. Alabama v. White (1990) declared that reasonable suspicion is a lower standard than probable cause.

Evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment may be inadmissible in court because of the exclusionary rule. Evidence illegally obtained is inadmissible in court. An extension of the exclusionary rule is the fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine. This doctrine states that illegally obtained evidence used to secure further evidence must also be excluded.

Terry v. Ohio (1968) outlined the requirements for a stop and frisk. The police may briefly detain an individual and frisk the outer clothing of the individual if have a reasonable suspicion that the individual may be armed. This type of search is limited to looking for weapons that may harm the officer. Minnesota v. Dickerson made it clear that drugs found during a stop and frisk must the excluded as evidence.

Fourth Amendment requirements would cover arrest situations, in that an arrest is a seizure. U.S. v. Watson (1976) stated that the police do not need a warrant for routine felony arrests made in public. However, Payton v. New York (1981) requires the police to secure a warrant for felony arrests in a private home unless exigent circumstances are present. Once the subject is arrested, the police may search the area under the immediate control of the arrestee without needing a warrant, as declared in Chimel v. California (1969).

The police are permitted to make a protective sweep through the house to search for individuals that make pose a safety risk to the police. This is limited to a search for individuals, not evidence, as stated in Maryland v. Buie (1990).

The police are permitted to make warrant-less searches in looking to secure property. Evidence in plain view of the police may be subject to seizure without needing a warrant. However, the case of Arizona v. Hicks made it clear that not all cases may be that “plain.” In this case the police turned around a suspected stolen stereo receiver to look at the serial number and the court ruled that a search.

Open fields do not fall until Fourth Amendment protections. This was the ruling in Oliver v. U.S. (1984). California v. Greenwood (1988) ruled that abandoned property is not protected either.

The police are permitted to pursue individuals into buildings, including homes, without a warrant. This is the hot pursuit exception.

The police may ask an individual for consent to search and a warrant would not be required. The citizen has the right to refuse to grant consent, but the police do not need to advise the citizen of that right to refuse (Schneckloth v. Bustamonte, 1973).

The issue of vehicle searches and the right to search has often been the subject of case law. Carroll v. United States (1925) allows for the police to search the vehicle if it is mobile and the police have probable cause. Wyoming v. Houghton (1999) allows for the search of passengers’ belongings with probable cause. If the police make a custodial arrest, they are also permitted to search the passenger’s compartment of the vehicle without a warrant, even without probable cause (New York v. Belton, 1981).  However, if the police only issue a citation, they are not permitted to search the vehicle without probable cause (Knowles v. Iowa, 1998).

The courts have also allowed pre-textual stops. This would be a situation in which the police use the stop for a minor traffic violation as the pretext to a more serious violation. The court upheld this practice in the case of Whren v. U.S. (1996).

The case of Michigan Department of State Police v. Sitz authorized police sobriety checkpoints.

One may look at the Fifth Amendment regarding interrogations and confessions. The case of Miranda v. Arizona (1966) requires the police to advise the defendant of his or her rights in cases of custodial interrogations. If the individual is in custody and the police are going to ask questions specific to the crime, they must advise the defendant of his or her right to remain silent and right to an attorney before beginning the questioning.

However, when there is a matter of public safety, the police may be permitted to ask questions of the defendant without first advising the defendant of his or her rights. This public safety exception was defined in the case of New York v. Quarles (1984). The threat to public safety will supersede the defendant’s rights against self-incrimination.

The inevitable discovery exception was the result of the case of Nix v. Williams (1984). This case first appeared before the Supreme Court under the citation of Brewer v. Willliams (1977). At that time the Court reasoned that the speech made by the police was the functional equivalent to an interrogation and any responses made by the defendant would be inadmissible in court. However, in the Nix case, the Court ruled that the police would have inevitably found the girl’s body, even without the statements from Williams. Therefore, the statements made by Williams would be admissible in court.

By the very nature of the job, the police may be subject to civil liability. The police may be sued in state court for violations of state law. They may also be sued in federal court for violations of constitutionally protected rights. Under state torts the police may be held liability for an intentional tort. This will involve behavior that is specifically designed to cause some type of injury or harm. The police did not have to intend the specific harm that resulted but did intend to enter into the behavior that led to the harm. Some common forms of intentional torts would include wrongful death, assault, false arrest, and excessive use of force.

Negligent torts are for behavior that is inadvertent and unreasonable and results in damage or injury. To be successful in a claim of negligence, the plaintiff must prove a legal duty, a breach of duty, proximate cause, and actual damage or injury. Failure to prove all four of the requirements results in a finding for the defendant.

A civil liability case may be heard in federal court if the police violated an individual’s constitutional or federally protected right. Title 42 of the U.S. Code, Section 1983 provides relief for the citizen. To be successful in a Section 1983 action, the plaintiff must show that the police were acting under the color of state law and that the violation was of a constitutionally protected right. The police have several defenses available to a Section 1983 claim. Defenses include absolute immunity, qualified immunity, probable cause, and good faith.

The philosophy of community policing may lend itself to increases in civil liability. Because of the greater contact with the public, the police may be exposed to more opportunities for civil liability. However, the police may decrease their contact with the public if they fear a lawsuit. This is known as de-policing.

criminal justice system

The police are the most visible representatives of the criminal justice system. They are feared and respected at the same time. However, the police are also human. Who has the responsibility of controlling police behavior?

The control of police behavior may occur in two fundamentally different ways. One way is through mechanisms of oversight. There are mechanisms that are internal to the police organization. These mechanisms include standard managerial processes, internal complaint reviews, and early-warning systems.

Standard managerial processes would include written directives. Departmental policies, goals, objectives, procedures, and regulations should be a part of the written directives for a department. The directives provide guidance for the officers, outline expected standards of behavior, and give direction for training.

However, there are limitations of written directives. Much of police work is discretionary. The directives certainly could not cover every situation that the officer may encounter. The officer may be left to make a split-second decision without having directives for support.

Another mechanism is the internal investigation. It is the responsibility of internal affairs to respond to citizen complaints against police officers. Internal affairs would conduct investigations against the officer in much the same way as any other investigation conducted by a police agency. The investigation may reveal that the complaint was justified. This is a sustained complaint. An unsubstantiated complaint is one in which there is no supporting evidence. Unfounded complaints are those that did not occur as alleged by the complainant. If the officer’s behavior was justified and legal, then the officer will be exonerated. If disciplinary action is taken against the officer, it may range from termination of employment to demotion, to probation, or reprimand.

There are several issues concerning internal investigations. Location and personnel, orientation of internal affairs units, and sustained complaints may influence citizens and the filing of complaints. If an officer is disciplined, the officer has the right to appeal the action. This may take the form of grievance arbitration. One study found that grievance arbitration usually reduces the amount of discipline by 50 percent.

The third internal mechanism is early-warning or early-identification systems. Under this system, the officer’s behavior is monitored and management is notified when the behavior crosses the line.

Another kind of oversight mechanism is outside the police department. One such mechanism is the civilian review board. The history of civil review may be traced through three different eras. The first era (1960s) was at a time in which reformers wanted politics removed from the police. The second era (1970s) saw increases in public concern about the criminal justice system and increases in public support for civil review. The third era (1980s) saw the establishment of civil review boards at a time in which the police were no longer so suspicious of their presence.

Another external mechanism is the police auditor system. This mechanism focuses on the police department and the policies and procedures of the department. It does not focus on the individual citizen complaints.

A third external mechanism is legal control. This obviously would involve the use of the law—criminal, civil, and administrative—in the control of police behavior.

Other efforts to control police behavior may involve professional standards and ethical standards. The policing occupation has been moving toward professionalization. In order to be considered a profession, certain criteria must be met. Autonomy, a unique body of knowledge, education and training, certification, and a commitment to service are the criteria used to judge whether an occupation is a true profession.

Ethical standards are a very effective way of controlling behavior. The police have a code of ethics to be strived for. Given the unique nature of policing, one may look at the different ethical perspectives and how they may apply to police behavior. Ethical formalism places a moral worth on doing one’s duty. Ethical utilitarianism determines what is morally good or bad by the results of one’s actions. The ends are more important than the means. Ethical relativism approaches good and bad from the perspective that what is considered good varies with the particular values of the individual or group.

Professional and ethical standards may be limited when trying to control police behavior. First, the standards may be a good model but fail to have an impact on the day-to-day police behavior. The unique nature of policing may limit the effectiveness of the controls. The fact that policing is unpredictable limits that effectiveness. Third, justification for behavior may be applied to any of the ethical perspectives in such a way that the police will always be right. Finally, there exists an informal code of ethics among police. This informal code may be used more in the day-to-day activities of the police.

Police behavior and the use of force and coercion

  1. Identify several of the differences between internal investigations and criminal investigations.
  2. Chart the history of the civil review board. Discuss the three different eras.
  3. The authors cite four limitations of professional and ethical standards. List and discuss those four limitations.

Chapter 9 Summary

Chapter 9 looks at police behavior and the use of force and coercion. The police are authorized to use force to maintain order and gain compliance.

Many studies have been conducted examining the police use of force during interactions with citizens. One such study was conducted by Reiss (1967). In over 5,000 observations of police–citizen interactions, Reiss found that almost 60 percent of the citizens behaved in a civil manner toward the police. In those 5,000 interactions, the police made an arrest in less than 5 percent of the encounters. Most citizen encounters with the police involved the citizen requesting help.

The Bureau of Justice Statistics conducted the Police–Public Contact Survey in 1996. This survey found that 21 percent of the population had face-to-face contact with the police in 1996; 0.6 percent of the population had been handcuffed by the police in 1996.

The police are trained to use a continuum of force. This continuum starts with just the presence of the police to be able to control the situation. As the continuum increases, the police increase the amount of force. At the far end of the continuum is the police use of deadly force. Between the extremes are the use of firm grips, the use of pain points, and impact techniques. The police are trained in the use of firearms, pepper spray, self-defense techniques, officer survival, flashlights, and canines.

The chapter outlines three types of conflict involving the use of force. Type 1 conflicts involve the law and departmental policy supporting the use of force by the police, but parts of the community do not support the use of force. Type 1 conflicts occur most often in minority neighborhoods. Type 2 conflicts occur when there are differences between the law and departmental policy. High-speed chases may be an issue in Type 2 conflicts. Type 3 conflicts occur when the officer’s behavior is approved of by the community but not the law and departmental policy. The potential for such conflicts may occur with community-oriented policing.

Although authorized to utilize force, sometimes the police abuse that authority. This could include physical abuse, verbal and psychological abuse, legal abuse, and violations of civil rights. Physical abuse was commonplace in the 1930s. The police would use the third degree.

In addition to the use of force, the police may utilize deception with the suspect. The police are permitted to use deception as long as they do not make promises they are not authorized to make.

The Rodney King beating is included in the discussion of police brutality and excessive force. In looking at police brutality at the turn of the century, one view is that there is a problem. Human Rights Watch has stated that there is no effective system of police accountability. Citizens have brought suit against the police but have not been very successful in court.

Another view of police brutality does not believe that it is a problem. This perspective of brutality places blame on the media for over-sensationalizing police behavior.

In the police use of deadly force, deadly force is used with the intent to cause great bodily injury or death. The FBI, the National Center for Health Statistics, and studies of individual cities maintain data on police behavior resulting in death. It is estimated that the police killed 13,000 people from 1949 to 1990. Environmental and departmental factors may influence the use of deadly force by the police. Environmental factors include the neighborhoods where the police work. High-crime areas increase the risk of deadly force. Regarding departmental factors, police agencies with restrictive shooting policies have reduced the frequency of deadly force.

Officer factors influence the use of deadly force. The perception of whether a threat exists and how often the officer is exposed to threats may affect the officer’s use of deadly force. Off-duty officers are involved in as many as 15 to 20 percent of the incidents of deadly force. The race of the officer is also significant in the examination of deadly force. African American officers are more likely to use deadly force and to be the victims of deadly force. This is because they often live and work in high crime areas. It also appears that female officers use deadly force less often than do male officers.

Evidence suggests that the race of the suspect influences the use of force. African American and Hispanic minorities are more likely to be shot by the police.

Under the fleeing-felon rule, the police were justified in using deadly force on a felony suspect who was fleeing a crime scene. Changes in departmental policy and changes in the law have called for alternatives to the fleeing-felon rule. Many departments have adopted the defense-of-life shooting policy.

Since more departments have restricted the use of deadly force, fewer citizens have been killed by the police. These limited policies have not created an increase in the number of officers being injured or killed by citizens.

Police deviance

Police deviance is said to be behavior that does not conform to the standards of norms or expectations. Identify and discuss the three major sources of those standards. Is one source more important than the others?

hapter 8 looks at police behavior. Police behavior may be described from a universalistic perspective or a particularistic perspective. The universalistic perspective examines the ways in which police are similar. The particularistic perspective examines the way in which police differ from each other.

The universalistic perspective approaches police behavior from three perspectives. The sociological perspective emphasizes the social context in which the police are hired and trained. The psychological perspective examines the nature of the police personality. The organizational perspective is concerned with the formal and informal factors of the department.

Particularistic perspectives examine the different policing styles discovered through research. Worden (1989) suggests that there are five ways in which police differ from one another. Police are different in their view of human nature, role orientation, and attitudes toward legal and departmental restrictions. Worden also found that the beliefs and behavior of the police are influenced by their clientele. The final difference involves the relationship between management and peer group support.

Socialization theory maintains that it is the work experience and the peers that determine police behavior. The formal socialization takes place during training the new officer. The informal socialization takes places as the new officer interacts with experienced fellow officers.

Pre-dispositional theory states that the values and characteristics the officer had before employment are brought with him or her to the job. Research indicates that police have different values from the rest of society. Racial and ethnic differences, education, and police socialization does little to changes pre-dispositional values.

There have been numerous studies conducted looking at police behavior. This chapter recognizes that these studies are just as important today as they were decades ago. Westley’s Violence and the Police (1970) discussed in-group solidarity among the police and the code of silence found to exist in policing. Skolnick’s Justice Without Trial (1966) examined the danger in police work. Skolnick termed the person the police officer thinks is potentially dangerous the symbolic assailant.

Wilson’s Variety of Police Behavior (1968) may be seen as the most important study of police behavior. Wilson identified three styles of policing. In the watchman style, the police utilize a great deal of discretion. In the service style, the police see themselves as providing a wanted service for the community. The police handle situations informally, and arrest is not always necessary. In the legalistic style, the police see themselves as law enforcers, making arrests if possible.

Rubenstein conducted a study in 1973 known as City Police. His study supports the socialization theory of police behavior. Officers learn on the job.

Van Maanen’s study, Observations on the Making of Policemen, conducted in 1973, found four stages in which the police officer is initiated into policing. The first is the pre-entry stage. The individual chooses to make policing a career. The second stage, admittance, involves the police academy experience. Stage three, change, occurs as the new officer is out of the academy and into the field. Continuance is the final stage and involves the officer adjusting to the reality of police work.

Brown suggested four styles of police behavior in Working the Street: Police Discretion (1981). Old-style crime fighters are very aggressive and interesting only in felonies. Clean-beat crime fighters are interested in all violations and are concerned with legal procedure. Service-style officers just do enough to get by. Professional-style officers, the most desirable type of officers, know when to be tough and when to be service minded.

Crank’s Understanding Police Culture (1998) saw four central principles in the elements of police culture. Coercive territorial control is the most central principle. The other principles include the unknown, solidarity, and loose coupling.

In the police officer’s use of discretion, there are a number of variables. Organizational variables include the bureaucratic nature and work periods and areas. Situational variables include mobility, demeanor, race, gender, age, victim–offender relationship, seriousness of the offense, mental state of the citizen, location, and presence of others. Officer factors would include education, age, experience, race, gender, and career orientation. Finally, the neighborhood may impact the officer’s use of discretion.

This chapter ends by taking a look at police deviance. Several types of deviance are identified. Police crime, occupational deviance, police corruption, and abuse of authority are included in the types of deviance. Gratuities are included in this discussion.

The Knapp Commission investigated police corruption in the New York City Police Department in the late 1960s and early 1970s. They identified police officers who do not actively solicit graft but will accept it when it comes along as grass eaters. Meat eaters are officers who actively solicit opportunities for financial gain. A code of silence exists among police officers, making the investigation of corruption difficult.

Is police corruption part of the nature of policing, or is it the result of a few bad officers bringing down all of policing? The systemic theory of corruption suggests the former. The rotten-apple theory of corruption suggests the latter. The rotten-apple theory would support the pre-dispositional theory of police behavior. The systemic theory of corruption supports the sociological theory of behavior.

Kappeler, Sluder, and Alpert identified four types of corruption in officers’ dealings with drugs. Use corruption involves police officers using drugs. Economic corruption involves police attempting to seek personal gain. Police violence is the use of force to obtain confessions. The subjugation of a defendant’s rights may involve planting drugs on a suspect. Noble-cause corruption occurs when the police use questionable means to achieve a good end.

Criminal Justice

The topic of the paper is the future of community policing. In the year 2050, how do you predict policing will have evolved and what will the impact of community policing be?

  • Please write a 5 to 7 page paper, 12 pt. font, Times New Roman, one inch margins.
  • You must have at least three scholarly sources in addition to your textbook.
  • In addition to the written work, you must include a cover page and reference page.
  • As always, if you have a reference, it must be cited within the paper. If you have a citation, it must be referenced at the end of the paper. You cannot have one without the other.

Law final exam

I need help with my exam. I must pass my exam it’s a final exam online law 310 must b completed and I need to get at least an 80 no less then that so I need professional writer writer please .ONLYLaw graduate writer!!

Business Organization

Explain the following business structures: sole proprietorship, partnership, LLC, and a corporation. In your analysis address the following for each business structure

Visit the Choose Your Business Structure section of the U.S. Small Business Administration’s website.
If you were to start your own business, which business entity structure would you choose? Justify why your chosen structure is the best organizational form.
Explain the following business structures: sole proprietorship, partnership, LLC, and a corporation. In your analysis address the following for each business structure:

  1. Steps to form
  2. Personal liability for owners
  3. Taxation
  4. Advantages and disadvantages

Your paper must be three to five pages (excluding title and reference pages), and it must be formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. You must cite at least two scholarly sources in addition to the course textbook..

Motivation and Empowerment Paper

I need 500-750 word portion of a paper in which the following concepts are are discussed:

 

  •  Define the components of empowerment.
  • Analyze the implications of empowerment and delegation in a criminal justice organization.

Please provide at least ONE scholarly reference. Looking for a quick turn around on the paper… the sooner you can get this to me the better.  Thanks!

Getting Medicine to Bosnia

Instructions:  Please answer the questions below.  The length of your written case assignment form responses should be approximately one to one and a half pages, single spaced.  This form will be graded on a pass/fail basis.  To pass, you need to provide reasonably detailed and insightful answers to the questions below.

  1. First, what defines a bribe?  Is a restaurant tip a bribe?  How about a corporate invitation to a luxury box at say a Phillies baseball game?  What criteria can you list that distinguishes a bribe?
  2. Who are the stakeholders to Gordon’s decision as to whether to continue the bribe payments or not?  Please list them with a brief explanation.
  3. As the case says, “What should Gordon do?”  Do you continue with the bribe payments (these clearly are bribes)?  If so, why; if not, why not? Please indicate which ethical perspective(s) (i.e., profit maximization, utilitarianism, universalism) support your decision.

Getting Medicine to Bosnia: Acceptable Bribery?

As chief legal officer in a well-respected company making lifesaving drugs, Gordon Smith was asked by his board of directors to look into rumors of bribery with the firm’s Bosnia contract. The contract, he discovered, had been ordinary in almost every respect: A major relief organization had contracted with his company to supply a million inexpensive kits of medicine for delivery into the war-torn regions of Bosnia. Like most such contracts with charitable organizations, it contained hardly any profit for his firm.

What he found strange, however, was the payment of an extraordinarily large commission to a Romanian distributor to deliver the kits deep into Bosnia. Seeking out the executive in his own firm who had negotiated the contract, he had one question in mind: Was this a bribe?

Yes said the executive, it’s a bribe that we’re paying. According to the Romanian distributor, the backs of the delivery trucks were loaded with the kits — and the glove compartments were stuffed with cash. That way, when the drivers were stopped at roadblocks set up by local militia units operating all across Bosnia, they could pay whatever was demanded and continue their journey. In the past, he noted, drivers without cash had been taken from their trucks and shot. If the kits were to be delivered, this was a cost of doing business.

Gordon felt sure that none of the money had flowed back to the executive, whose only motive was to get the kits delivered. Gordon faced a dilemma. Should he draft a report to the board on this most unorthodox contract?  Or should he keep silent?

Analysis

Everything in Gordon’s background with his company told him that this contract was not the way to do business. Bribery, he knew, was simply unacceptable to the board, who felt strongly that once that barrier was breached, there would be no stopping the shakedowns in the future.

But everything in his makeup as a compassionate being told him that providing medicine for the wounded was of overriding importance, and that the normal ethic of commerce didn’t apply in a war zone.

*Please see instructions in the Forms section of Blackboard to analyze this case.*

Case from the Institute for Global Ethics.

Attachments:

Criminal Justice from a Global Perspectives

CJA 484 Week 5 Global Perspectives Assessment

Write a 1,400- to 2,100-word paper in which you assess criminal justice from a global perspective. In your paper be sure to analyze the following:

  • Assess the impact of globalization on the U.S. criminal justice system.
  • Compare and contrast international criminal justice systems (Civil Law, Common law, and Islamic Law and Socialist Law traditions).
  • Discuss the impact that cyber crime and technology have had on worldwide justice systems.
  • Differentiate the policing systems on a worldwide scale.
  • Identify major crimes and criminal issues that have a global impact on justice systems and processes (e.g., Somalia, Rwanda, Bosnia, Darfur, Congo, etc.).

 

Include at least four peer reviewed references.

 

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

 

Repressed Memories

Repressed memory is a controversial topic.

Watch the “Malleability of Memory” video and read the supplemental content associated with this controversy, then complete the following:

Create a 7- to 10-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation addressing the following:

  • Explain the controversy of repressed memory.
  • Present arguments for and against the concept of repressed memory.
  • State your personal views on repressed memories and provide rationale for your views.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Submit your assignment using the Assignment Files tab above.

The System of Child Abuse

A human service professional is required to report all suspected cases of child abuse or neglect.

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper on child abuse reporting issues and resources.

Describe what could result when the following occur:

  • Families or individuals will not agree to receiving help
  • The child is in further danger due to reporting an incident

Provide an explanation to the following:

  • Other implications resulting from reporting abuse
  • What primary community resources could be used to help these individuals

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Submit your assignment using the Assignment Files tab above

Judicial System and the Human Service Professional

Your team has been asked to supply information to the state legislature as to what you, as a human service professional, are responsible for when working with the criminal justice and judicial systems.

Write a 750- to 900-word informational paper to be presented to the legislators including the following:

  • What is expected of you as required by the law?
  • What issues may prevent you being in compliance with the criminal justice and judicial systems?
  • What situations may represent a conflict for a human service professional in protecting children?

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Submit your assignment using the Assignment Files tab above.

Patterns and Characteristics of the Abuser and the Abused

As a human service professional, you must understand the patterns and characteristics of the abuser and the abused to complete a comprehensive screening.

Write a 1,050- to 1,500-word paper including the following information:

  • What are the patterns and characteristics you would look for during the screening of family members of a potential abused or neglected child? How do the characteristics of the abuser differ from the abused?
  • What are the patterns and characteristics you would look for while screening a potential abused or neglected child?
  • How would these patterns and characteristics help you determine the proper assessment methods? Which methods would you use in this screening scenario?

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Submit your assignment using the Assignment Files tab above.

Children’s Justice Act

As human service professionals it is important to understand the Children’s Justice Act and how it impacts intervention processes.

Create, as a team, a 10- to 15-slide Microsoft®PowerPoint®presentation, with substantial speaker notes, describing the following:

  • The origins of the Children’s Justice Act
  • The impact this act has had on intervention processes associated with the following:
    • Child abuse
    • Neglect
    • Child maltreatment

Format your presentation consistent with APA guidelines.

Submit your assignment using the Assignment Files tab above.

Children's Justice Act

As human service professionals it is important to understand the Children’s Justice Act and how it impacts intervention processes.
Create, as a team, a 10- to 15-slide Microsoft®PowerPoint®presentation, with substantial speaker notes, describing the following:

  • The origins of the Children’s Justice Act
  • The impact this act has had on intervention processes associated with the following:
    • Child abuse
    • Neglect
    • Child maltreatment

Format your presentation consistent with APA guidelines.
Submit your assignment using the Assignment Files tab above.

The Multilayered and Decentralized System of US Law Enforcement

Many critics believe that federal law enforcement has encroached into the realm of police responsibilities, particularly with regard to street crimes involving drugs, guns, and gangs. At the same time, some critics have argued for a more robust role for local law enforcement in combating terrorism and fighting illegal immigration—two areas historically thought to be the exclusive responsibility of the federal government.

On the basis of the assigned readings for this module, including the majority and minority opinions in U.S. v. Lopez (1995), and in light of your own views on government police power, write a 2- to 3-page essay addressing the following:

  • Explain whether there are any particular law enforcement duties that should exclusively belong to federal law enforcement or the police. What is the reason for your choice?
  • Explain whether we should continue with the multiple layers of police agencies, some as small as a single officer, or whether there should be fewer agencies, like a regional police agency and a national police agency, to handle all aspects of law enforcement in the United States. Justify your answer with examples, showing why one approach is better than the other.

Be sure to support your positions with in-text citations and include a reference page in APA style.

Conduct an internet search of government and career sites (e.g. bls.gov, jobs.com, monster.com, etc) to locate recent information on the career prospects for Federal Law Enforcement Officers in your geographic location. Present your findings, including related job titles, potential employers, a summary of this job function, the education and experience required to qualify for this position, and the average salary one could expect to earn.

Ethics in Criminal Justice Administration Analysis

Write a 1,400- to 1,750-word paper in which you analyze the relationship between ethics and professional behavior in the administration of criminal justice. Explain the role of critical thinking with regard to the relationship of ethics and professional behavior. Include in your paper a proposal for a seminar in ethics training for law enforcement officers. In your proposal choose five areas of ethical conduct and that will be stressed in the seminar. Explain why you chose those areas and what the expected benefits of the training will be for both officers and the community.

 

Include at least four peer reviewed references.

 

Parole Supervision

Mary White, age twenty-five, is a Hispanic female. She has been on probation for twelve months of a five-year probation program. She is on supervision for the felony charge of possession of a controlled substance. During her period of supervision, that is, probation, White has tested positive for the use of amphetamines on two separate occasions, failing to participate in outpatient treatment and failing to abide by the stipulations set forth by the court.

Recently, White violated the conditions of her probation by getting arrested for driving while she was intoxicated and tampering with a vehicle. White was sentenced to sixty days of incarceration within the county jail for her violations. The police report, which was obtained for the violation of probation hearing purposes, stated:

Centervale Police Department (CPD)

    • CPD Case Number:

11-XXXX

    • Incident:

Tampering with a Vehicle

    • Reporting Officer:

R. T. Smith

    • Date of Report:

April 1, 2012

  • At approximately 9:30 p.m. on April 1, 2012, I, Officer R. T. Smith was dispatched to a stolen vehicle complaint at 123 Main Street in Centervale. I met with the complainant, Jane Daugherty, who said that she had parked her car by a meter while entering into Fuzzy’s Furniture Store. Before returning to her car she had stopped at the sandwich shop to pick up dinner. Daugherty returned to her car at approximately 10:30 p.m. This is when she discovered her car had been stolen.
  • Daugherty described her car as a 2009 black Toyota Corolla. The registration is 123-ABC. The car is valued at approximately $13,000 and has a sunroof and a dent on the back left fender from a grocery cart.
  • Daugherty stated that she had locked the car after exiting but did not have the keys with her at the time. She also said that she had left the keys in a lock box in the gas tank so that she did not have to worry about losing them. Daugherty stated that she had not given anyone permission to take her vehicle and was current on her auto payments so there was no possibility of repossession.
    • In my survey of the crime scene, I was unable to locate any items of evidence. There was no broken glass near the meter where the vehicle was parked and there were no items to photograph. Daugherty’s vehicle information was entered into the National Crime Information Center database and a

Be on the look-out

  •  (BOLO) was issued for her vehicle.
  • At approximately 12:15 a.m. on April 2, 2012, information was received that Centervale Officer W. S. Wright was in pursuit of the suspected stolen vehicle. He entered into a traffic stop after the car came to a stop outside Freddy’s Bar in South Centervale. The driver of the vehicle was later identified as Mary White by her driver’s license. White appeared to be intoxicated and resisted Officer Wright at the scene. White was arrested for driving while intoxicated and tampering with a motor vehicle. The car was towed to Fred’s Salvage. I made contact with Daugherty to notify her that her vehicle had been recovered and that I would contact her once the vehicle was processed for evidence and could be released.

White had two new charges pending in addition to her violation. She was found guilty of the felony of tampering with a motor vehicle. The misdemeanor charge of driving while intoxicated was dropped given her felony conviction. White was assigned to Officer Myers with the Centervale Probation and Parole Office to complete a sentencing assessment report for the court. The portions of the sentencing assessment report include the narratives from the police reports, history of the offender, education, employment, substance abuse, specialized training, and a recommendation regarding the ability to succeed under a period of supervision. Given her recent history of supervision, White was sentenced to five years within the department of corrections.

While incarcerated, White was given a parole hearing date within eighteen months of her incarceration. She appeared in front of the Parole Board and was given a release date after twenty-four months of incarceration.

Here’s What You Need to Do:

Use APA format and citation guidelines to compose a paper (8- to 10-page, not including the title page or references page), on the parole system and process based on White’s case that addresses the following:

  • Explain how the history of probation and parole influences the decisions that are made in the Adult Court System toward the supervision of adult offenders, highlighting the differences between past and present processes and practices.
  • Determine whether White was on probation or parole during her first period of supervision. Analyze the opportunities that were given to her during that period. When White was released from the Centervale Jail, determine her supervision status. Explain whether it was different from her first period of supervision. Analyze and discuss the reasons for any changes you discover.
  • Analyze how White violated her probation and describe each offense.
  • In detail, identify and describe the presentence investigation information needed in order to complete the process before the judge renders his or her decision in the sentencing stage. Explain the importance of the presentencing investigation process in White’s case and the reason why the guidelines for sentencing must be followed in every case.
  • Identify the parole parameters you would set for White if you were on her Parole Committee. Explain the impact White’s release might have on Daugherty. Then compare stipulations set forth by the Court and the Parole Board. Explain whether the Court and the Parole Board aim for the same goal. Defend your position using examples.

Correctional reform

Pennsylvania was the leader in sentencing and correctional reform in the early history of the United States. Discuss what groups were associated with this reform.

  • Why did they want the reform?
  • Examine whether it was successful and if the reform brought forth further changes.
  • What influences does the system have on the correctional system today?
  • What influences have changed? Why?

Use the Internet, library, and any other resources available to research your answer. Submit a 4 page paper (double-spaced) to your instructor. Support your reasoning with outside sources. Be sure to reference all sources using APA style.

The following will be the grading criteria for this assignment:

  • 20%: Discuss what groups were associated with this reform.
  • 10%: Why did they want the reform?
  • 20%: Examine whether it was successful and if the reform brought forth further changes.
  • 25%: What direct influences do you see the Pennsylvania system in the correctional systems used today?
  • 25%: What influences have changed? Why?

4 pages. APA format. No plagerism. 5 sources referenced throughout the paper. Reference Page and Abstract.

Diversion

One definition of diversion is “the halting or suspension before conviction of formal criminal proceedings against a person, conditioned on some form of counter performance by the defendant” (George, 1984).

There are several reasons for the use of diversion:

  • List 3 reasons with an explanation for the use of diversion, and discuss why it would be beneficial to the criminal justice system.
  • Also explain how the use of diversion would have an effect on law enforcement.
  • Is diversion cost-effective?

Submit a 4 page paper to your instructor. Support your answers with outside sources using APA format.

The following will be the grading criteria for this assignment.

  • 50%: List 3 reasons with an explanation for the use of diversion, and discuss why it would be beneficial to the criminal justice system.
  • 30%: Also explain how the use of diversion would have an effect on law enforcement.
  • 20%: Is diversion cost-effective?

4 pages. No plagiarism. Abstract. Reference Page. 5 sources cited throughout the paper.

Historical development of the U.S. court system

Write a 200- to 300-word response in which you describe the historical development of the U.S. court system. Answer the following questions in your response:

  • How does the dual court system operate in the United States?
  • How does the U.S. court system compare to court systems in other countries?

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

Doug

Doug was watching television in his apartment. There was a loud party outside that was making it hard for Doug to watch television. Doug yelled out his window for them to quiet down, and Tom yelled back an obscenity to which Doug responded in kind. Tom angered, ran upstairs to Doug’s apartment and banged on the door. When Doug did not answer the door, Tom then tried the door and found Doug had left it unlocked. Tom entered Doug’s apartment and threatened to beat Doug badly, to which Doug, fearing for his life, grabbed a gun in a nearby drawer, and shot and killed Tom. Doug then panicked and fled. Doug was arrested three days later. Can Doug be convicted of murder or any lesser included offenses?

Code of Conduct

Your task is to compose and submit an ethical code of conduct plan for a company of your choosing that addresses the conduct of its employees, vendors, board of directors, key stakeholders, as well as its business operations in general. You are to submit a detailed plan covering your operations both nationally and internationally in addition to the conduct of its employees, vendors, board of directors, and its business operations overall. The following points need to be addressed in your ethical code of conduct plan:
  • The legal regulations of conducting business overseas
  • The ethical code of conduct for employees and vendors
  • Guidelines for adherence to EEOC, ADA, and Civil Rights laws
  • Distinguishing between right and wrong in business dealings and when an action is legal
  • Identifying the issues surrounding the motivation behind unethical or illegal business operations when the consequences are properly documented
  • The ethical responsibilities of companies in the marketplace if they are a monopoly or oligopoly.

Anything else that you deem important to support your ethical code of conduct plan. The code of conduct plan should be structured so as to be easily navigable for employees; including headings for each section, a clear description of expected and required behavior, training requirements, method of reporting of unethical or illegal behavior, and consequences of unethical or illegal behavior.

The deliverable length is 1,250–1,500 words. Include a cover page and reference page with all of your resources cited in APA format.
  • Your ethical code of conduct plan should demonstrate your understanding of the concepts and ideas covered throughout the course.
  • Ensure that the assignment adheres to APA formatting and that it meets the required deliverable length. Don’t forget to cite your resources.

Business Law in the Workplace

Consider how the world of business interacts with the legal realm. What skills does a non-legal person need as an employee?

What legal training do you feel a businessperson needs in order to make good decisions? Please refer to U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. What (non-legal) positions there require a more than average understanding of legal issues?

What are the average salaries of those personnel? Do you think you would enjoy liaising with legal personnel for a business? Feel free to enliven this discussion with personal experience.

Crime Victim Studies

Since your graduation from AIU, you have been working as the victims’ assistant advocate for the office of the local county prosecutor. You have a great working relationship with the prosecutor, Mary, and the remainder of the office. Normally, when you speak, the staff and prosecutor know you are speaking from a knowledge base that you have gained from personal experience, research, and reading, so they know that your comments are facts. You like to use APA format to cite your sources, but this bulleted paper does not need to be in APA format.

You have decided to speak with the prosecutor, Mary, on behalf of Maureen, the college student who was a victim of date rape. You want to convince Mary to support a change in the prosecutor’s policy of not prosecuting date rape cases when drugs or alcohol are involved. Maureen has a strict policy: when someone wants to speak with her about changing an established policy, she wants the person to submit a paper of 3–5 pages containing topic bullets outlining his or her argument for the policy change prior to meeting her. She feels this way, she is not blind-sided, and she has an opportunity to research the topic prior to the meeting.

You follow her policy and write a paper using bullets only, hoping that you can persuade Mary and the chief prosecutor to change their policy or, at a minimum, meet with you for a discussion about changing the policy. Maureen knows other young women are being attacked and that very often, date rape drugs are being used.

Mary has agreed to review your policy change letter if you write it. You write the policy change paper in which where you have the following two goals:

  • Educate Mary about date rape using statistics and information about date rape and date rape drugs to show her that Maureen is one of the types of victims who perpetrators take advantage of in these situations.
  • Explain why not prosecuting the cases is the wrong public and social policy. Of course, you are also hopeful that the victim, Maureen, also receives help in her case.

To organize your efforts before your meeting, create a detailed outline in bullet form that contains information for the following 5 topics:

  • List Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) and the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) reported crime statistics relating to rape and the strengths and weaknesses of each type of reporting.
  • Define the term date rape (or acquaintance rape—the terms are interchangeable) and how date rape (acquaintance rape) is distinguished from stranger rape, statutory rape, and spousal rape.
  • List the types and uses of date rape drugs.
  • Describe the victim–offender relationship, including the following:
    • How victims are viewed by perpetrators of date rape
    • The special problems of date rape prosecutions
    • How society and jurors may view date rape (blaming the victim based on the perceived precipitation, facilitation, or provocation of the victim)
  • What is your position on this issue, and what action do you think would impact this social policy?

3 pages long with references.  as close to 0% plaigarism as possible.

Evidence

Evidence

you are a special prosecutor for a Federal Task Force targeting organized crime. The target suspects for the task force are slippery long-time organized crime figures. They have routinely escaped successful prosecution through their nefarious defense attorneys. To prepare new investigators assigned to the task force, you must caution them about mistakes that were made by previous task force members who were tripped up by the organized crime mouthpieces. Your task is to present legal issues that the defendants have used as loopholes in prior cases.

Acting as a special prosecutor for an organized crime task force, the student will present a 3–5 page white paper on new members coming on board as investigators in the task force. The issues related in the bullets below will be incorporated into the paper presented. There are a number of evidence-related resources that are not found in academic journals that may be utilized as references in this assignment. It is critical that when you make a statement of fact in your presentation, that you cite the reference you obtained the information from in the text of the paper and that the reference is included in your reference page. As always, your paper will be submitted in the APA format current edition. No abstract is required because this is a short position paper, but a title page, reference page, and appropriate running header with page numbers are necessary.

  • Describe at least two grounds for impeachment of a witness in a criminal trial and the ramifications of the impeachment for the case.
  • Articulate the meaning of hearsay. Explain how the Best Evidence Rule impacts hearsay prohibitions.
  • Explain at least two types of exceptions to the hearsay rule and why the court recognized their admissibility and truthfulness.
  • Detail at least two cautions about using privileged communications as evidence and the problems associated with doing so.
  • Compare and contrast the burdens of proof differences between a criminal and civil proceeding.

The Multi-layered and Decentralized System of US Law Enforcement

Assignment 3: The Multilayered and Decentralized System of US Law Enforcement

Many critics believe that federal law enforcement has encroached into the realm of police responsibilities, particularly with regard to street crimes involving drugs, guns, and gangs. At the same time, some critics have argued for a more robust role for local law enforcement in combating terrorism and fighting illegal immigration—two areas historically thought to be the exclusive responsibility of the federal government.

On the basis of the assigned readings for this module, including the majority and minority opinions in U.S. v. Lopez (1995), and in light of your own views on government police power, write a 2- to 3-page essay addressing the following:

  • Explain whether there are any particular law enforcement duties that should exclusively belong to federal law enforcement or the police. What is the reason for your choice?
  • Explain whether we should continue with the multiple layers of police agencies, some as small as a single officer, or whether there should be fewer agencies, like a regional police agency and a national police agency, to handle all aspects of law enforcement in the United States. Justify your answer with examples, showing why one approach is better than the other.

Be sure to support your positions with in-text citations and include a reference page in APA style.

Conduct an internet search of government and career sites (e.g. bls.gov, jobs.com, monster.com, etc) to locate recent information on the career prospects for Federal Law Enforcement Officers in your geographic location. Present your findings, including related job titles, potential employers, a summary of this job function, the education and experience required to qualify for this position, and the average salary one could expect to earn

Efficient Use of Resources in Fighting Terrorism

Assignment 1: Efficient Use of Resources in Fighting Terrorism

In at least 250 words, post to the Discussion Area your answers to the following questions:

  • Establishment of an effective security policy begins with a successful risk assessment program. It is reasonable to assume this is similar for information security. What are the principle factors to consider when establishing an information security policy or conducting an information security policy appraisal that maximizes the efficiency of financial resources?
  • Is it realistic to expect that terrorist threats to nations would diminish in the immediate future? Do you believe the U.S. is overreacting or over-prioritizing the fight against terrorism? Why?
  • Will limited resources in many cases cause a redirection of funds from fighting drugs to fighting terrorism?

Please support your position with at least two scholarly resources from the Argosy University online library. Use APA in-text citations to cite the sources.

Selecting Prospective Police Officers

Assignment 2: Selecting Prospective Police Officers 2

  • Describe what you consider are the most important selection criteria for potential police officers.
  • How important are the quality and quantity of college education for individuals aspiring to become responsible police officers?
  • What according to you are some personality characteristics that are important for becoming responsible police officers? Describe these characteristics.
  • How would you ensure diversity among the ranks—including racial minorities, women, and people from different sections of society? Or how much weight should be given to factors such as race, ethnicity, religion, and gender of candidates during selections?
  • If you were the hiring official, would you exclude applicants who fall short of your perceptions of an “ideal cop” but who fit the criteria for the job? Why or why not?

Legal Underpinnings of Business Law

BUS 670 Legal Underpinnings of Business Law

Imagine that you own each of the following businesses:

Tinker’s Home Security Service (sole proprietorship)

Tinker & Tailor’s Home Security Service (general partnership)

Tinker & Tailor’s Home Security Service (LP)

Tinker & Tailor’s Home Security Service, Inc. (corporation)

Tinker & Tailor’s Home Security Service, LLC (LLC)

  1. The businesses are being sued for breach of contract. Create a matrix that lists each business, and compare and contrast your personal liability exposure as an owner as a result of the lawsuit.
  2. For each business entity, analyze how you might limit your liability exposure as an owner.
  3. Describe a business that you may own some day or that you currently own. (Even if you never plan to own a business, pretend as if you will do so for the purposes of this assignment.) Examine the best business organizational form for the business that you have described, including in your examination personal liability exposure, management, taxation, and ease of formation.

Submit a four- to five-page paper (not including title and reference pages). Your paper must be formatted according to APA style as outlined in the approved APA style guide and you must cite at least three scholarly sources in addition to the textbook.

Criminal Justice Paper

Criminal Justice Paper

Write a 700-900-word paper about two true cyber crime or hacking cases. Include the following:

  • Describe the crime and how the suspects were caught.
  • Describe the punishments in each case.
  • Explain the effects on society.

Sexual Predator Prosecution

CRJ 306 Week 4 Sexual Predator Prosecution

CRJ 306 Week 4 Sexual Predator Prosecution

 

Prepare a paper that details your home state’s approach to sexual predators. Address following items in your paper:

 

Does your state have any laws that prohibit conduct that would be considered to be predatory?

What types of crimes are codified into law, misdemeanor, or felony?

What are the punishments?

Are there mandatory punishments, or do judges have discretion in sentencing a defendant afterconviction?

According to the statutes that you research, is mere solicitation of improper activities enough for aprosecution, or must there be physical contact?

Provide your opinion on the statute(s) and their varying severity on sexual predators.

NOTE: If you cannot locate your state’s statutes, please research Florida’s.

 

The paper must be three to four pages in length and formatted according to APA style. You must use at least two scholarly sources in addition to the textbook to support your claims. Cite your sources within the text of your paper and on the reference page. For information regarding APA, including samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center, located within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar, in your online course.

Biological Criminal Behavior

Learning Team Instructions

Submit the Learning Team Charter.

Weekly Reminders

Discussion Questions

Discussion question responses will count towards the class participation requirement.

Only posts in the Main classroom forum will count towards your class participation score.

Participation

All Week: Remember to participate in the class discussions 4 out of 7 days during the week.

Prison Term Policy Recommendation Proposal

Read the following: You are the criminologist adviser to a member of the state legislature. The legislature soon votes on a bill that would double the maximum prison term for anyone convicted of armed robbery. Your boss knows the bill is popular, but wonders if it will do much good. What recommendations do you make? What are the reasons for your recommendation?

Write a 1,400- to 2,100-word paper, addressing the scenario.

Format your paper according to APA standards.

Disparity and Discrimination Essay

Write a 700- to 1,050-word essay in which you compare and contrast the terms disparity and discrimination as they relate to the criminal justice system.

Support your discussion with examples from law enforcement practices, court procedures, corrections populations, or all three.

Use at least two peer-review sources from scholarly journals. Websites will not count towards scholarly journals requirement. Properly cite your references/resources in APA format.

Format your essay consistent with APA guidelines.

Cyber crime research paper

Conduct an Internet search of cyber crimes. Find a cyber crime, a crime where a computer is used to commit a majority of the crime that has occurred in the last three months. Write a 1 ½ to 2 page synopsis of the crime, using APA style formatting

Cultural Diversity in Criminal Justice

Finalize and submit your 1,750- to 2,450-word paper on the topic you selected during Week Two. Include three references from scholarly journals, trade publications, or other sources from the Online Library Major Article Database.

Victims and Crime Evaluation

Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper that describes roles and functions of individuals in the criminal justice system and how victimization affects each role.

Evaluate the roles of prosecutor, defense attorney, criminal, and victim.

Summarize how victimization affects each role.

Answer the following questions:

·What are the goals of sentencing associated with each role?

·What are the goals of alternative sanctions?

·What recommendations do you have regarding victims’ rights?

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Conflict Management Styles Paper

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper that identifies the conflict management approaches used in your agency or place of work. How does this match or contradict your personal conflict management preference or style?

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Filing Bankruptcy While Receiving Compensation

In the scenario below explain the best solution. Include comments related to any ethical issues that arise. You should try to locate at least one case that has been decided on the issue or one that is currently pending to support your answer.

Please cite in APA

Dr. Arthur Ritus obtained his degree in chiropractic medicine by taking out $100,000 in Health Education Assistance Loans from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services during the period from 1995 through 1997 and from other government sources from 1998 to 2002. Loan repayment was not scheduled to start until 2005. In 2005, Dr. Ritus became one of the ordained ministers of the Millcreek Life Academy (MLA) in Millcreek, Utah. As a minister, Ritus was required to take a vow of poverty, which required him to renounce any interest in real or personal property and any income and grant all interests in those assets to MLA. In 2005, Dr. Ritus accepted a position as a full-time employee to perform medical services to inmates at the Department of Corrections in Salt Lake City, Utah. Instead of using his own social security number, Ritus provided the Department of Corrections with a number issued by MLA. Checks were deposited to one of the MLA bank accounts and then MLA transferred approximately $12,000 a month to another account set up by Dr. Ritus. In August 2010, Dr. Ritus filed a voluntary bankruptcy petition under Chapter 7 to obtain a discharge of his debts. Dr. Ritus made the following claims to his attorney.

  • The $12,000 received each month consisted of gifts from which no taxes or deductions were taken.
  • The home purchased by Dr. Ritus was deeded to his estranged wife in 2007.
  • Dr. Ritus voluntarily paid alimony and child support for his estranged wife and children.
  • Dr. Ritus claimed that he was only left with $1500 a month to pay his own expenses; therefore, he could not repay the student loans.
  • Dr. Ritus drives a 2010 Mercedes Benz S-Class Sedan, titled to the MLA and valued at approximately $75,000.

Should the court allow the Chapter 7 case to proceed?

Should the loans be discharged?

Identify any other potential issues; provide responses to all questions supporting your answer with legal reasoning, examples, and other scholarly materials.

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT

1.     Analyze the government’s role in the protection of the environment. Be sure that your analysis includes a look at one of the following: conservation, environmentalism, protection, global warming, and energy concerns. How has the regulation of one of these issues resulted in better protection?  Who are the major stakeholders in this process?

 

 

 

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.   All sources used, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying in-text citations.

Legal Aspects of Staffing

The CEO of an organization has recently appointed a Director of Human Resource Management for a 400-bed, 2,500 employee health care facility. This position is newly created due to a number of legal compliance concerns in recruiting and selection. As a senior member of the HRM team, you have reviewed all of the policies regarding staffing and now must create and document new policies that may impact the managers of the organization.

The CEO has requested that you meet with the new Director of Human Resource Management as well as other top leadership in the organization to explain these new policies and the reasons that these policies are necessary to avoid legal problems. Prepare a PowerPoint presentation to explain these new policies and their implications for managers throughout the organization. Use the Federal EEO/AA laws as a framework for your policies and your PowerPoint presentation. Include one policy statement that would ensure legal compliance with each of the Federal EEO Laws and provide an analysis of the policy’s impact on managers. You also want to emphasize the two major implications for each of the Federal laws on managers.

Incorporate appropriate animations, transitions, and graphics as well as “speaker notes” for each slide. The speaker notes may be comprised of brief paragraphs or bulleted lists.

Support your presentation with at least three (3) scholarly resources in addition to your text. In addition to these specified resources, other appropriate scholarly resources may be included.

Length: 12-15 slides (with a separate reference slide)

Notes Length: 100-150 words for each slide

Be sure to include citations for quotations and paraphrases with references in APA format and style.

Business Law paper

Business Law paper

The following is general information about the current event summary assignments.  After reviewing this information, please post any questions you have about this assignment here.  You may also send your questions via email.

What is the purpose of this assignment?

The purpose of this assignment is to research and write about current events or current issues related to a topic we’ve covered (or will cover) in this course during weeks 4 – 8.  Please see your syllabus schedule for the topics you can cover on each current event summary.

Topics that can be used for current events from weeks 4-8 (pick from below).

Contracts: Mistakes, Fraud, and Voluntary Consent, Statute of Frauds:  Writing Requirements and Electronic Records.

Sales and Lease Contracts

Agency Law

Business Organizations -  Sole Proprietorships, Partnerships, Limited Liability Partnerships, Limited Liability Companies, Corporations, Franchising

What is a “current event”? 

For the purpose of this assignment, “current” will mean occurring between Jan. 1, 2012 and the present.

What is the required paper format and length?

  • The paper must be written in 12 point font and double –spaced.
  • Pages must be numbered.
  • You must include a title page which identifies your name, course title and section and describes the current event or issue you’re covering.
  • You must include a list of sources used for the paper.
  • The paper must be 5-7 pages in length.
  • You must use AT LEAST THREE sources to support your paper (6 sources max.) and your sources need to be varied.  You cannot use the same source or type of source twice (e.g., you couldn’t use two new stories from the Washington Post or two guidance documents from the FDA).

What sources are permissible and which will not be permitted?

You may use any of the following sources.  These can be accessed via the UMUC Online Library.

  • The Business Journal
  • Newsweek
  • Law Reviews (Lexis/Nexis Academic)
  • Law Journal
  • Wall Street Journal
  • State/Federal Cases (Lexis/Nexis Academic)
  • State and Federal Statutes
  • Guidance documents from state and federal agencies

You MAY NOT use the following sources:

  • Wikipedia and other internet dictionaries or encyclopedias
  • Internet blogs and opinion sites
  • Internet ads, articles and association papers
  • Organization’s training documents and manuals
  • Business Law or any other textbook – You may only use the book as a reference for legal definitions/concepts.

What should the summary include?

You should include this type of information in your current events summaries:

  •     What subject matter did you find a current event about?
  •     What happened?
  •     Where did it occur?
  •     Describe the parties involved?
  •     If there were charges, what were they?
  •     If there was a lawsuit or criminal case, describe the case.
    •   The issues
    •   The court’s opinion
    •   The outcome for the plaintiff/defendant
    •   Jury verdict, if applicable
    •   Is there anything about this case still pending?
  •     What future implications do these current events have on this area of the law?
  •     You should dedicate the major portion of this paper to your own thoughtful analysis of the event or issues.

How will these papers be evaluated?

The paper will be worth 20% of your final grade.  Each will be graded on a scale of 1-20 points.   Your paper will evaluated based upon:

  •     Organization
  •     Grammar/Punctuation
  •     Clear, Concise Writing
  •     Clear Identification of the Issues or Events
  •     Proper format and length
  •     Quality and Quantity of Sources
  •     Ability to integrate sources into the paper discussion well
  •     Use of Proper Source Citation
  •     Inclusion of Original Thought and Analysis of the Issues/Event

Legal Issues in Discipline and Discharge of Security Employees

Legal Issues in Discipline and Discharge of Security Employees

The research project must follow APA format and be a “minimum” seven pages (not including a title page, diagrams, graphs, charts, lists, quotes, reference page, attachments, etc) and “not” exceed 10 pages. Be aware I do “not” count quoted material, lists, charts, tables, pictures, etc in the page count. It must be scholarly, with at least “five” sources not from the course (textbook or Resources).

Children who are victims of sexual abuse pose specific concerns to a professional counselor who is responsible for providing treatment

Children who are victims of sexual abuse pose specific concerns to a professional counselor who is responsible for providing treatment..

Children who are victims of sexual abuse pose specific concerns to a professional counselor who is responsible for providing treatment to the child. Consider the following scenario:

Jeremy is an 8-year-old boy who used to exhibit normal and happy emotions. Jeremy’s mother, Natalie, works a lot of hours and does not have the time to spend with him. Natalie has entrusted the help of her younger brother, Jacob, who is an unemployed 32-year-old male, to watch Jeremy. Jacob lives with Jeremy and Natalie. Over a period of about 6 months, Jeremy was exhibiting emotions of sadness, being very quiet, and acting withdrawn, which Natalie had witnessed one day while home. Natalie asked Jeremy if everything was okay, and Jeremy quietly replied, “no.”

A letter from Jeremy’s teacher was sent home to Natalie describing her concerns of how Jeremy’s grades in class had dropped and how Jeremy exhibited “some type of emotional withdrawal.” One day, Natalie was sorting Jeremy’s clothes to wash when she saw blood in Jeremy’s undergarments. Natalie had initially believed that Jeremy was missing his father, who was serving in the military in Afghanistan, thus concluding that that was the reason for Jeremy’s change of emotions. Upon speaking with Jeremy about missing his father, Jeremy exhibited little to no emotion, and barely spoke at all. Natalie became very concerned and asked Jeremy repeatedly what was the matter. Jeremy eventually broke down and said, “Uncle Jacob has been doing things to me and makes me sleep with him in the bed.”

Natalie was immediately shocked by what Jeremy had said. Natalie later confronted Jacob about what Jeremy had said, and Jacob denied everything Jeremy claimed he had done to him. While Jacob was away from the house one day, Natalie went through Jacob’s items in his bedroom and found child pornography videos and magazines, as well as pictures of Jeremy in very provocative poses and some nude photographs. Law enforcement was contacted, but Natalie was also concerned about the emotional scars that Jeremy may have because of what took place between him and Jacob, and she began to seek professional help for Jeremy. The local law enforcement agency did advise Natalie that Jacob was also a victim of child sexual abuse but he had never revealed that information until he was interrogated by the police.

Natalie seeks your assistance, a trained counselor who treats child sexual abuse victims, in gaining insight to understanding child sexual abuse. As a trained professional, define and explain the type of sexual abuse from which Jeremy may be suffering. Second, describe what type of treatment program you would suggest for Jeremy to participate in that would address the needs of a victim of child sexual abuse. Finally, what type of treatment should Jacob receive since he is claiming to be a victim of sexual molestation himself?

Assignment Guidelines

  • Address the following in 1,000–1,250 words:
    • Fully define, describe, and explain the type of sexual abuse from which Jeremy may be suffering.
    • What type of treatment program would you suggest for Jeremy to participate in that would address the needs of a victim of child sexual abuse?
      • Why is this program the most appropriate for Jeremy? Explain in detail.
        • Be sure to use scholarly sources to support all arguments.
    • What type of treatment should Jacob receive since he is claiming to be a victim of sexual molestation himself? Explain in detail.
    • Compare and contrast the appropriate treatments used for young victims of child sexual abuse and adults who have been sexually abused as children.
      • What challenges exist for each type of victim? Explain in detail.
    • What role does social policy play in addressing the type of abuse Jeremy suffered in this case? Explain.
    • What can be done through social policy to improve treatment options for sexual abuse victims? Explain.
    • How can the availability of treatment programs for people like Jacob be improved? Explain.
    • How can parents be educated effectively to help them identify when children are potential victims of sexual abuse? Explain.
  • Be sure to reference all sources using APA style.

Libyan Arab Foreign Bank v. Bankers Trust Company case

Unit 2 Individual Project IP3: Libyan Arab Foreign Bank v. Bankers Trust Company case

Read the Libyan Arab Foreign Bank v. Bankers Trust Company case

Prepare a case brief

Refer to the “How to Brief a Case” Web page at http://www.4lawschool.com/howto.htm when preparing your case brief.

Please submit your assignment. For assistance with your assignment, please use your text, Web resources, and all course materials.

Japan Taxes on Alcoholic Beverages case

Individual Project IP4: Japan Taxes on Alcoholic Beverages case

Read the Japan Taxes on Alcoholic Beverages case.

 

Prepare a case brief.

 

Refer to the “How to Brief a Case” Web page when preparing your case brief.

 

Please submit your assignment.

 

For assistance with your assignment, please use your text, Web resources, and all course materials

Shell v. R.W. Sturge Ltd

Unit 2 Individual Project IP2: Shell v. R.W. Sturge Ltd

For this assignment, you are to read the Shell v. R.W. Sturge Ltd. case and do the following:

  • Prepare a case brief. Refer to the “How to Brief a Case” Web page when preparing your case brief.
  • Please submit your assignment.
  • This assignment will be assessed using additional criteria provided here.
  • For assistance with your assignment, please use your text, Web resources, and all course materials.

Monsanto Co. v. Coramandal Indag Products case

Unit 5 Individual Project IP1: Monsanto Co. v. Coramandal Indag Products case

For this assignment the student is to:

  • Read the Monsanto Co. v. Coramandal Indag Products case
  • Prepare a case brief
  • Refer to the “How to Brief a Case” Web page when preparing your case brief.

Please submit your assignment.

For assistance with your assignment, please use your text, Web resources, and all course materials.

Evidence

Evidence

You are the assistant special agent in charge (ASAC) of the Organized Crime Task Force. Your boss, the special agent in charge (SAC), is an accountant by his academic background. You, on the other hand, are an attorney by virtue of your academic background. The SAC has asked you to go over certain witness-related situations that will be testified to in an upcoming trial. The SAC has concerns about some of the witness testimony and is trying to avoid embarrassment by turning in records that may not be usable by the Assistant United States Attorney (AUSA) prosecuting the case.

  • Tommy “Two Toes” D’Natalia has a certified public accountant (CPA). He has been using his accountant to wash ill-gotten gains through his racketeering. The SAC has a subpoena for the CPA. D’Natalia is claiming privileged communication with his CPA, and it prohibits the accountant from testifying.
  • Luigi “the Pipe” Cardone heard through the “grapevine” that Big Sal Salvatore has been telling everyone how he was told by Frankie “the Lip” Bonnano that Freddie “Fingers” Malone was murdered by his wife Slippery Sally Genovese-Malone. Cardone wants a deal to testify against Slippery Sally.
  • Lawrence ‘Lucky’ Livorno drove the getaway car for a jewelry store heist. Bertram “Bugsy” Bertoli and Little Carmine D’Angelo went in and robbed the store. During the robbery, Bertoli shot and killed the store owner. D’Angelo and Livorno both want to testify to avoid the death penalty.

Please include your answers in your main posting for the following questions. Support your answers with research. You must provide meaningful feedback to the main postings of at least two of your classmates.

  • Identify which testimony is hearsay and likely to be inadmissible.
  • Identify which testimony is privileged communication and which is not
  • Identify how the “Best Evidence Rule” functions in relationship to the witness testimony being proffered

The Juvenile Justice System

Criminal Justice

Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word article on the juvenile justice system that includes the following:

  • Definitions of delinquency and status offenses
  • Comparison of juvenile courts and adult courts
  • Variables that correlate with juvenile crime rates
  • Current U.S. juvenile crime statistics
  • Effects of more juveniles being tried as adults
  • One current issue in the juvenile justice system and your opinion on that issue

Format the article consistent with APA guidelines.

“Hines V. Anchor Motor Freight, Inc.,” 424 U.S. 554 (1976).

Conduct some independent research and locate the following case: “Hines V. Anchor Motor Freight, Inc.,” 424 U.S. 554 (1976).

Answer the following case questions in a Word document and submit them to the drop box as instructed below. As always, write in effective sentences with proper mechanics.

Case Questions

  1. Why were the employees discharged? Were they actually guilty of such misconduct? Explain your answer.
  2. What is the basis of the employees’ claim that the union had breached its duty of fair representation? What is the effect of the arbitration board decision in this case?
  3. What must the employees demonstrate to establish a breach of the duty of fair representation? How would that affect the decision of the arbitration board? Explain

"Hines V. Anchor Motor Freight, Inc.," 424 U.S. 554 (1976).

Conduct some independent research and locate the following case: “Hines V. Anchor Motor Freight, Inc.,” 424 U.S. 554 (1976).
Answer the following case questions in a Word document and submit them to the drop box as instructed below. As always, write in effective sentences with proper mechanics.

Case Questions

  1. Why were the employees discharged? Were they actually guilty of such misconduct? Explain your answer.
  2. What is the basis of the employees’ claim that the union had breached its duty of fair representation? What is the effect of the arbitration board decision in this case?
  3. What must the employees demonstrate to establish a breach of the duty of fair representation? How would that affect the decision of the arbitration board? Explain

Law and Ethics

law and ethics

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 provides that disabled employees must be able to perform the necessary functions of a job with “reasonable accommodations.” Create a scenario where a disabled employee has requested an accommodation that is reasonable; conversely, create a scenario where a disabled employee has requested an accommodation that is not reasonable. Defend your decision in each case. Your paper should be about one page.

Cyber Crime and Identity Theft

Cyber Crime and Identity Theft

In a 1-2 page well constructed essay, discuss the cyber crime and identify theft and the factors that can lead to this criminal behavior? What theory best depicts this?

Breach of Contract

1.      What is the effect on a contract if one party commits a nonmaterial
breach? What is the effect if one party commits a material breach?

2.      How do we know when a breach leads to equitable damages or if it

leads to money damages?

3.      How do courts calculate money damages in a breach of contract

4.      What are some differences between oral contracts and written

contracts?

Criminal Justice: Technology & Terrorism

Assignment: Senior Seminar Project

In Week 1 you chose a topic area and problem or challenge within that area (terrorism & technology). Throughout this course, you have researched the dynamics of the problem. The final piece of your project is develop a viable solution that considers resources, policy, stakeholders, organizational readiness, administrative structures and other internal and external factors, as applicable. Using the papers you have written throughout this course, consolidate your findings into a succinct project. At a minimum, your project should include:

1. Identify the topical area (e.g. local police department, community jail, border patrol)

2. Define a problem or challenge within your topical area that you understand in some depth or have an interest in (examples include high crime rate, poor morale, high levels of violence or recidivism, high number of civilian complaints of harassment, inadequate equipment). Outline the context of the problem or challenge, including the history and any policy decisions that have contributed to the situation.

3. How have internal or external stakeholders influenced the situation in a positive or negative way? How will you consider stakeholders in your solution to the problem? How will you motivate individuals to buy into your solution?

4. Discuss how technologies or information systems have contributed to the problem and how you will propose technology be implemented into the solution.

5. Discuss what data you have collected or researched to indicate there is a problem. Include at least two sources of data and how each is relevant to the problem.

6. Develop an effective and efficient solution(s) and a course of action (i.e. plan) that addresses the problem or challenge.

7. Explain what methods of assessment you will employ to measure the effectiveness of your solutions.

  • This paper should be at least 10 pages in length, not including title and reference pages, and must adhere to APA style standards including the following: Double space, 1” margins, title page, in text citation references, and a reference page.
  • Compose a PowerPoint presentation which supports your paper. The presentation
  • will be delivered during week 11 and will, along with your paper, serve as your final exam. For online courses, your presentation will be posted to the discussion board.

Criminal Justice: Technology & Terrorism

Assignment: Senior Seminar Project

In Week 1 you chose a topic area and problem or challenge within that area (terrorism & technology). Throughout this course, you have researched the dynamics of the problem. The final piece of your project is develop a viable solution that considers resources, policy, stakeholders, organizational readiness, administrative structures and other internal and external factors, as applicable. Using the papers you have written throughout this course, consolidate your findings into a succinct project. At a minimum, your project should include:
1. Identify the topical area (e.g. local police department, community jail, border patrol)
2. Define a problem or challenge within your topical area that you understand in some depth or have an interest in (examples include high crime rate, poor morale, high levels of violence or recidivism, high number of civilian complaints of harassment, inadequate equipment). Outline the context of the problem or challenge, including the history and any policy decisions that have contributed to the situation.
3. How have internal or external stakeholders influenced the situation in a positive or negative way? How will you consider stakeholders in your solution to the problem? How will you motivate individuals to buy into your solution?
4. Discuss how technologies or information systems have contributed to the problem and how you will propose technology be implemented into the solution.
5. Discuss what data you have collected or researched to indicate there is a problem. Include at least two sources of data and how each is relevant to the problem.
6. Develop an effective and efficient solution(s) and a course of action (i.e. plan) that addresses the problem or challenge.
7. Explain what methods of assessment you will employ to measure the effectiveness of your solutions.

  • This paper should be at least 10 pages in length, not including title and reference pages, and must adhere to APA style standards including the following: Double space, 1” margins, title page, in text citation references, and a reference page.
  • Compose a PowerPoint presentation which supports your paper. The presentation
  • will be delivered during week 11 and will, along with your paper, serve as your final exam. For online courses, your presentation will be posted to the discussion board.

Consumer Protection

Explain the best solution below and include comments related to any ethical issues that arise. Try to locate at least one case that has been decided on the issue or one that is currently pending to support your answer.

Part 1 Consumer Protection

PharmaCo created and patented a prescription drug that will make people look younger and lose weight. The problem is that the drug causes significant stomach problems. Paige Turner, an executive of PharmaCo, wants to advertise the drug’s benefits on the Internet, television, and radio without mentioning the stomach problems. Her secretary, Pete Zahutt, explains that she could run into problems, and that he is not sure the drug can even be advertised. Paige disagrees stating that it is up to physicians to warn patients of possible complications. Paige tells Pete that she will not provide any information regarding contacting PharmaCo so that no one at the company will be annoyed by receiving numerous inquiries about obtaining the drug’s benefits. What would an FDA representative likely say in regard to Paige’s plan?

Please Cite in APA

Part II
Using the internet; locate a case that involves a scenario that could be both a crime and tort.

  1. Provide the name of the case, court, and citation.
  2. Summarize, in your own words, the facts, ruling, and rule of law applied by the court.
  3. Use legal reasoning to explain your selection. Provide support for why the example is both a crime and a tort.
  4. Do jails deter crime? Why or why not?
  5. In your opinion, how can punishments should be imposed on the wrongdoer to deter future criminal or tortuous acts?

Do not use the O.J. Simpson case

Please Cite in APA

Procurement and Contracting Law 6-8 Page Paper

  •  Terminating Government Contracts

    According to the Congressional Budget Office, Civilian agencies obligated over $435 billion in fiscal year 2012 for services–80 percent of total civilian spending on contracts. Service acquisitions have suffered from termination of contracts. Imagine that you are a contracts officer for the Internal Revenue Services (IRS), and that your supervisor has tasked you with the procurement of a new software system for processing tax returns.

    Review “Contracting Officer’s Decision” in Chapter 22 of the textbook and the information from the following Websites:

    Write a six to eight (6-8) page paper in which you:

    1. Examine the manner in which termination for default can be categorized as both a cost savings measure and a creator of additional cost. Provide one (1) example to support your response.
    2. Conclude the manner in which the termination for default clause impacts contracts when it is also both a cost savings method and a creator of cost mechanism. Provide a rationale for your response.
    3. Provide your opinion as to whether or not the Contract Disputes Act overlaps the FAR’s Standard Disputes clause. Justify your position. Suggest language that would merge the two (2) acts, thus streamlining the dispute process and making it timelier.
    4. Predict two (2) ramifications of a failure to terminate the entire contract and opting to engage in a partial termination. Compare and contrast the major differences between a partial termination and a deductive change. Provide two (2) examples that depict the necessity of each of these types of termination clauses.
    5. Debate whether or not the contracting officer holds too much power where the awarding of government contracts is concerned. Propose a checks-and-balances system that provides two (2) standards for ensuring that the contracting officer: a) does not have the sole choice in vendor selection; and b) is not in a position to be enticed to award a contract that would invite impropriety. Provide a rationale for your response.
    6. Use at least five (5) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia does not qualify as an academic resource.
    7. Be creative in the use of example by using current cases or new articles and not surpassing within the last three (3) years.

Police Brutality.

Finalize the thesis that you will pursue for your research. Now you will develop a research plan that will include the following:

  • Thesis statement: This statement presents the problem or issue you intend to research, and it should be clear and concise.
  • Hypothesis: This is a statement of prediction regarding the results of the problem or issue. Briefly identify your working solution to the problem. How might your working solution solve the problem? Be sure to note that your working solution will evolve through continued research and analysis.
  • Measurement and analysis approach: Define the key points that you will research and explain how you will gather and analyze the data you find. Intend to incorporate information related to technology and crime statistics that apply to your issue.
  • Applicable resources: Identify 5 sources that you have found that are the most relevant and best support your purpose statement. List the sources and then record the main idea as notes to use as part of your research later. Identify case studies, library, Web, and other scholarly resources.
  • Ethical standards: What are your ethical and legal responsibilities to ensure that your final report will be of the highest ethical standards?

Models of Policy Formation

In the Readings, supplemental materials, and Seminars, we have emphasized the approaches to examining policy adoption, i.e., policy process frameworks and theories. For example interest group theory suggests that concentrated interests are generally more influential in representative government than diffuse interest. Under this theory, the likelihood of having a proposal or initiative adopted is much greater, the larger and more concentrated the group is. Since President Richard Nixon declared war on drug abuse in 1971, the nation has been spending billions of dollars per year to combat the movement of illicit drugs from Latin America. Recently, several States have legalized the use of marijuana. Using those States (Colorado and Washington) as an example, apply the models of public policy formulation that ultimately led to the passage of the laws.

Instructions:

In your paper explain which models had the greatest and least influential effect on the passage of the legislation. (Include examples of policy entrepreneurs and publications that influenced the debate.) In your analysis, you should:

  • Identify five of the basic models of policy frameworks that would most likely and least likely explain the legislative results. (Interest Group Theory, Institutional Rational Choice, Advocacy Coalition, Social Construction and Multiple Streams framework).
  • Describe the application of these models in the context of the legislation.

Use one model to determine which had the greatest impact on the expected or anticipated outcomes of the legislation. Were the following possible questions addressed in the legislative discussion? If not, why?

Where will legal pot be grown? Outdoors on commercial farms? Inside in confined growing spaces, or somewhere in between?

If there is a commercial pot industry, businesses will have strong incentives to create and maintain the heavy users who use most of the pot. To get a sense of what this could look like, look no further than the alcohol and tobacco industries, which have found ingenious ways to hook and reel in heavy users. So will private companies be allowed to enter the pot market, or will states limit it to home producers, nonprofit groups or cooperatives?

If pot is legal for adults, how will school and community prevention programs adapt their messages to prevent kids from using? While some proposals to legalize marijuana would divert tax revenues to prevention efforts, the messaging and strategy should probably be in place before legal marijuana ever hits the streets.

Your policy statement should be a minimum of three (3) pages and should not exceed ten (10) pages.

Analyze the key elements of grievance arbitration

Using case materials (e.g., labor arbitration reports available in many reference libraries), review samples of arbitrators’ decisions in two similar cases, one that occurred in the past 10 years and one that occurred between 10 and 20 years ago. Focus on a specific type of case (e.g., safety violations, discipline, drugs, termination) and determine the following. What factors appear to affect arbitrators’ judgments? What criteria do arbitrators use in making their decisions? Have these criteria changed during the past 10 years, and if so, how? Comment on the significance of this change or lack thereof.

Business Creditors in a Limited Liability Company

Business Law

In order to obtain limited liability, Tony and Daryl formed a S Corporation to operate their hardware store Burien Hardware.  Both Tom and Daryl sometimes directly deposited the proceeds from Burien Hardware’s daily sales into their personal checking accounts.  When they needed to pay personal bills and were short of funds, Tom and Daryl used the Burien Hardware business checking account to pay those personal bills.   Burien Hardware has not made any payments to their various creditors for over three months.  If Burien Hardware’s creditors cannot get payment for their invoices, is there anything a court can do to help those creditors?  What if any mistakes did Tom and Daryl make with the creditors of Burien Hardware?  Going forward, how can Burien Hardware keep its limited liability?

Overseas Competition and Prison Labor in U.S.A

Business Law Homework

Overseas Workers and U.S. Prison Labor

You have seen how modern employment law is connected to the end of slave labor in the United States. This week you will study two social facts that put downward pressure on the wages of U.S. workers: overseas competition and prison labor here at home.

President Clinton signed NAFTA, the North American Free Trade Agreement, and it became law on January 1, 1994. There are numerous other multilateral trade agreements that, like NAFTA, are designed to make it easier to sell goods around the world. Critics contend these laws have hurt the wages and benefits of American workers. They contend these trade deals do not protect workers and the environment.

Unicor is a semi-public for-profit corporation run by the U.S. Bureau of Prisons. It pays prisoners 23 cents an hour to make high-tech electronic components for private defense industry contractors. The number of similar high-tech jobs in the private sector has fallen by 40 percent during the last couple of decades. Other companies exploit prison labor and pay wages significantly lower than those paid by Unicor. Defenders of employee rights see this as a return to slave labor, which apart from being immoral hurts the wages of free workers.

  1. Study NAFTA and the other major free-trade agreements. What is the current Administration’s outlook on these deals? Are more in development? Does your research show that these laws are good or bad for U.S. workers, or is the situation more complicated?
  2. Look into the modern U.S. prison labor industry. How big is it? Are the wages really as low as indicated in the assignment? What are supposed to be the social benefits of prison labor? Does your research show that prison labor is a good thing, or is a more like a return to slavery?

Your response to each of these questions should be in the format of a memo, approximately 750 words, for a total of roughly 1500 words.

Probation and Punishment

http://archive.samhsa.gov/data/2k11/MentalDisorders/MentalDisorders.htm

In preparation for this assignment, please view the Jurisville scenarios and resulting simulations from Weeks 8 through 10 in the Corrections unit.

In the scenarios and resulting simulations, Robert Donovan, a Jurisville probation officer, discusses the intricacies of probation. Kris, the defendant, is offered an intensive supervised probation plan to follow. Brennan Brooke, a senior criminologist, discusses the tailoring of the inmate to the appropriate facility. Finally, Orlando Boyce, a sergeant at the fictional Deephall correctional facility, discusses measures that could conceivably make prison life effective and thus decrease the likelihood of recidivism.

Write a three to four (3-4) page paper in which you:

  1. Outline your findings from your review of the file of Kris, for whom Robert is considering probation. State whether or not your results from the file review match Robert’s. Explain two (2) instances in which your views and those of Robert are both similar and different.
  2. Develop a profile of the so-called perfect candidate to participate in an intensive supervised probation program. The profile should contain at least three (3) attributes that you believe make this defendant the perfect candidate for this type of probation.
  3. Defend or critique the strategy of matching the inmate to the correctional facility as a response to the legal concept of cruel and unusual punishment. Provide a rationale for your position with concrete examples.
  4. Defend or critique whether programs and amenities geared to making prison life effective—which run the gamut from hiring extra officers, to counseling and therapy, to building a garden—are time and taxpayer money well spent.
  5. Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Outline the major characteristics and purposes of prisons, including prisoners’ rights and prison society.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in criminal justice.
  • Write clearly and concisely about criminal justice using proper writing mechanics and APA style conventions.

Grading for this assignment will be based on answer quality, logic / organization of the paper, and language and writing skills, using the following rubric.

Home Front Security

It is the right of every citizen to live in a safe environment. However, protecting the homeland can also be viewed as every citizen’s responsibility. Citizens could help to secure our homeland. But there are legal and operational barriers that could have an impact on this initiative.

Securing the homeland by taking the help of citizens is not a new concept in the United States. Internal security of the United States during World War II was an important national undertaking. The term “home front security” was used by the US administration as the US citizens volunteered for aerial surveillance, shore patrol, civil defense, and emergency medical services. The citizens and local police were organized and trained to report any suspicious activity near railroad yards, factories, and defense plants.

  • Although citizens are asked to be vigilant, could the involvement of untrained individuals in matters of security create new issues for the government?
  • In what way can citizens be used effectively and safely in security management and how can the use of citizens not only be a legal liability but also an operational hindrance?

Write your response using at least two scholarly sources, which may include the Argosy University online library resources, journal articles, and credible websites for this topic.

Issues facing police departments

describe the issues facing police departments in today’s society.

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper

Include a description of how local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies currently interact with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS).

Include suggestions for how the relationship between DHS and police departments may be improved.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Legal

PharmaCARE (We CARE about YOUR health®) is one of the world’s most successful pharmaceutical companies, enjoying a reputation as a caring, ethical and well-run company that produces high-quality products that save millions of lives and enhance the quality of life for millions of others. The company offers free and discounted drugs to low-income consumers, has a foundation that sponsors healthcare educational programs and scholarships, and its CEO serves on the PhRMA board. PharmaCARE recently launched a new initiative, We CARE about YOUR world®, pledging its commitment to the environment through recycling, packaging changes and other green initiatives, despite the fact that the company’s lobbying efforts and PAC have successfully defeated environmental laws and regulations, including extension of the Superfund tax, which was created by Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA).

Based in New Jersey, PharmaCARE maintains a large manufacturing facility in the African nation of Colberia, where the company has found several “healers” eager to freely share information about indigenous cures and an abundance of Colberians willing to work for $1.00 a day, harvesting plants by walking five (5) miles into and out of the jungle carrying baskets that, when full, weigh up to fifty (50) pounds. Due to the low standard of living in Colberia, much of the population lives in primitive huts with no electricity or running water. PharmaCARE’s executives, however, live in a luxury compound, complete with a swimming pool, tennis courts, and a golf course. PharmaCARE’s extensive activities in Colberia have destroyed habitat and endangered native species.

In preparation for this assignment, use the Internet or Strayer Library to research companies that have recently experienced negative consequences as a result of the company’s corporate activities.

Write a six to eight (6-8) page paper in which you:

  1. Describe the key characteristics of a stakeholder and determine all the stakeholders within the PharmaCARE scenario.
  2. Analyze the human rights issues presented by PharmaCARE’s treatment of the Colberia’s indigenous population versus that of its executives. Recommend at least three (3) changes PharmaCARE can make to be more ethical going forward.
  3. Assess PharmaCARE’s environmental initiative against the backdrop of its anti-environmental lobbying efforts and Colberian activities. Support the position.
  4. Decide whether or not PharmaCARE’s actions with respect to the indigenous people of Colberia would be ethical in accordance with each of the following ethical theories:
    1. Utilitarianism
    2. Deontology
    3. Virtue ethics
    4. Ethics of care
    5. Your own moral / ethical compass
  5. Compare PharmaCARE’s actions with those of at least one (1) real-world company, whose corporate activities led to ethical, environmental, or workplace safety issues and financial loss. Analyze the similarities and differences between PharmaCARE and the company that you chose.
  6. Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia is not an acceptable reference and proprietary Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Analyze and evaluate laws that protect against discrimination in the workplace.
  • Examine and assess employee rights to health and safety in the workplace.
  • Analyze environmental protection laws and assess their impact on organizations.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in law, ethics, and corporate governance.
  • Write clearly and concisely about law, ethics, and corporate governance using proper writing mechanics.

The Police Hierarchy

Although many police agencies today are rethinking their organization and goals, many still function in a hierarchical manner.

Write a 500-600 word, 2 page paper, identify and discuss the chain of command and how problems can arise within the organizational structure.

  • Support your argument with outside references.
  • Be sure to cite your resource(s).
  • Only the body of the paper will count toward the word requirement. You may use your textbook and other outside sources as needed. Please see rubric below.

LEGAL ESSAY

Research Paper: Legal Aspects of the Construction Industry Paper

Prepare a 1,000-2,000-word paper in which you evaluate the legal aspects of the Construction Industry. As part of your paper, research and select three (3) contract types used in the Construction Industry today (ie. Fixed Price, Cost Plus, etc…) Compare and contrast your selected contract types. In addition, research an article that discusses a construction project utilizing one or more of the chosen contract types. Discuss how risk allocation plays a role in the contract selection criteria for the example project. Also, explain the role of risk management in the contracting process. Be sure to properly cite your sources.

Police Corruption

Write a 500-600 word paper, discussing police subculture.

In your paper explain:

  • What police subculture is.
  • How can police subculture conflict with the police officer’s own values and ethics?
  • In your opinion, can this conflict be prevented?
  • Support your argument with outside references.
  • Be sure to cite your resource(s).

Criminal Justice Training

Write a 500-600 word paper on Criminal Justice Training & Development Opportunities.

  • Think about and explore the career path you want to take in criminal justice.
  • Starting with the date of graduation until 15 years in the future where do you see yourself in your career?
  • What training & development opportunities will you look for once you have graduated and obtained a degree in criminal justice in order to meet your career path goals.
  • Do you believe that your employer should pay for training & development classes or do you think this is your responsibility to continue in your development?
  • Support your argument with outside references.
  • Be sure to cite your resource(s).

O.J. Simpson case

For this research paper select one of the following cases:

1) the O.J. Simpson case or (2) the Casey Anthony case.

Research the case you have selected, and in this paper examine the jury selection process, jury sequestration, jury verdict and the controversies relevant to the jury verdict.

Three to five professional resources are to be referenced. APA format is required for this assignment. APA formatted in-text

citations should be used within the text for all references listed. The paper is to include a minimum of four full pages of

content, not including the title page, and reference page.

research paper 4 pages

Specialty Courts

Specialty Courts “have increased rapidly around the country as jurisdictions attempt to find alternative methods of dealing

with certain types of offenders” (Champion, Hartley, & Rabe, 2012, p. 299).

For this research paper select one of the special courts covered in the textbook, and include a minimum of three

appropriate references on this topic. In a minimum of three full page paper (not including the title page and reference

page), examine and explain the significance of this specialty court and its effectiveness to its participants and society. The

conclusion is to include your analysis of this special court’s problem solving effectiveness as an alternative to traditional

criminal justice processing practices.

APA format is required for this paper.

research paper 3 pages

Forensic law

According to media reports, police officer Darren Wilson shot and killed 18 year old Michael Brown on August 9, 2014, in Ferguson, Missouri, a suburb of St. Louis. The disputed circumstances of the shooting of an unarmed man, the resultant protests, and the civil unrest due to racial undertones of the case have received considerable attention in the United States and abroad. In this case study, you will explore how police psychology impacts the future outcome of this case and the likelihood of criminal charges being brought against the officer.

Review the following articles regarding the Michael Brown case:

Write a three to five (3-5) page paper in which you:

  1. Determine whether or not after the resolution of this event, the officer in question will need an additional psychological assessment to ensure that his future conduct, if he returns to active duty, is befitting of an officer. Provide a rationale for your response.
  2. Explain the fundamental distinction between deductive analytic techniques and inductive analytic techniques. Analyze if the officer in question made his decision to act based on deductive analytic techniques or inductive analytic techniques. Provide a rationale for your response.
  3. Argue for or against the theory that a well prepared officer should possess the following characteristics – agreeableness, empathy, listening comprehension, and sociability – in order to perform well as a law enforcement officer. Next, determine if any of these characteristics were present when Officer Wilson encountered Michael Brown. Provide a rationale to support your response.
  4. Given the circumstances surrounding this event, consider the following options the officer in question may have had in this case:
    1. Wait for back up before engaging the suspect
    2. Engage the suspect without a weapon
    3. Follow the suspect without engaging him
    4. Resolve to allow the suspect to proceed to his destination

Select the option that you believe would have best served the purpose of protecting the officer, the suspect, and the general public in this case. Provide a rationale for your response.

  1. Use at least three (3) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar type Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Legal and Ethical Environment of Business

In this assignment, you will prepare an in-depth comparative analysis research paper between two different firms operating in two different countries but which have similar challenges. This analysis will provide an opportunity for you to compare and contrast and critically assess the impact on management decision making based on the differences in political, social, ethical, and legal environments. Specifically, your paper should:

  • Identify two firms with similar problems but from different countries
  • Conduct a comparative analysis of the firms
  • Analyze political, social, ethical, and legal differences facing both organizations and determine the impact these differences have on management decision making
  • Provide substantive conclusion and recommendations
  • Support your analysis with academic citations and aligned references

Present your findings as a Word document of 3–5 pages formatted in APA style.

Submit your assignment.

Submitting your assignment in APA format means, at a minimum, you will need the following:

  • Title page: Remember the running head and title in all capital letters.
  • Abstract: This is a summary of your paper, not an introduction. Begin writing in third-person voice.
  • Body: The body of your paper begins on the page following the title page and abstract page, and it must be double-spaced between paragraphs. The typeface should be 12-pt. Times Roman or 12-pt. Courier in regular black type. Do not use color, bold type, or italics except as required for APA level headings and references. The deliverable length of the body of your paper for this assignment is 3–4 pages. In-text academic citations to support your decisions and analysis are required. A variety of academic sources is encouraged.
  • Reference page: References that align with your in-text academic sources are listed on the final page of your paper. The references must be in APA format using appropriate spacing, hang indention, italics, and upper- and lower-case usage as appropriate for the type of resource used. Remember, the reference page is not a bibliography, but it is a further listing of the abbreviated in-text citations used in the paper. Every referenced item must have a corresponding in-text citation.

Courts Jurisdiction

Your supervisor has asked you to lead a team of paralegals in your office in a project to prepare a public service PowerPoint presentation to the community. This presentation will explain the differences between each of the following court systems and their role in the government:

  • Criminal
  • Civil
  • Trial
  • Appeals
  • Courts of last resort
  • Courts of general jurisdiction
  • Courts of specific jurisdiction

Assignment Guidelines

  • Each student should prepare 5–6 PowerPoint slides (with speaker notes) covering all of the topics above for inclusion in the presentation.
  • Please note that your title slide and the slide containing your list of references are in addition to the 5–6 PowerPoint slides deliverable.
  • Include APA citations and references for your work.

Retribution

Retribution is the belief that offenders should be punished by inflicting the same amount of pain on the offender as was inflicted onto the victim. Rehabilitation is the belief that social, spiritual, and biological influences should be addressed for each offender to make him or her a productive member of society. In this assignment, it is your responsibility to prepare an analysis of 5pages  on the arguments for treatment or punishment of offenders in dealing with the social problem of crime.

Assignment Guidelines:

  •  Address the following in your analysis of 5 pages on the different rationales for various treatments and punishments.
    • What are 3 specific differences between the arguments for rehabilitation and retribution? Explain.
    • What are 3 specific similarities between the arguments for rehabilitation and retribution? Explain.
    • Examine 2 of the social arguments used to support both positions.
    • What are 3 specific philosophical or social issues that could be used to support your analysis?
    • Your analysis must contain at least 4 references using APA style.
  • Compile your findings, analysis, and references into a Word document
  • APA format
  • No plagerism

Modes of Death

Assignment:

This week you will reflect upon the “Modes of Death” and answer the following question:

  1. The homicide detective is familiar with the manner, means, and mode of the eight most common kinds of death. Explain your understanding of these areas.
  2. For this question, identify in writing the nature and extent of gunshot wounds and the characteristics of the wounds such as searing, reentry, ricocheting, and the bullet track. Describe each one and how they are inflicted.
  3. Compare and contrast the following modes by telling of their characteristics in cause of death:

    – A cutting wound

    – A stabbing wound

    – Death by asphyxia

    – Death by arson

 

  • Length:
    • 1,500 words (5-7 pages); answers must thoroughly address the questions in a clear, concise manner
  • Structure:
    • Include a title page and reference page in APA style
  • References:
    • References are not required; however, you should include the appropriate APA style in-text citations and references for all resources utilized to answer the questions
  • Format:
    • Save your assignment as a Microsoft Word (.doc or .docx), Open Office (.odt) or rich text format (.rtf) file type

 

Hurricane Katrina and the New Orleans Police Department

You must submit a paper of 500-750 words from the following list, allowing you to concentrate on one of the eight chapters.

Read the Case Study, “Hurricane Katrina and the New Orleans Police Department” (p. 450) at the end of the chapter. How do you think New Orleans got to the point where it was necessary to take these sweeping steps?

Explain why corruption poses high costs to the police, the criminal justice system and society, and what those costs might entail. Explain the following questions based on the textbook:

  1. Does the “Rotten Apple” theory apply in this case or are there organizational issues beyond the theory at play? Why does the theory appeal to both citizens and police officials? Be sure to provide explanations of each side.
  2. Do you agree with this theory, or is there another theory with which you are more comfortable? What is that theory, and why do you think the way you do?
  3. Outline and discuss at least five internal corruption control strategies for police departments.
  4. Do the police have an obligation to participate in internal investigations and research about corruption? Why or why not?

Overtime Pay

  1. Go to the website of the Department of Labor: http://www.dol.gov
  2. Do a search for “overtime pay.”
  3. Select a topic from the list of regulations. Take notes on what you find. Be ready to share your findings later in the week.
  4. It’s time to share your findings! Summarize them in a paragraph

Labor Law Questions

How does the NLRB determine if the bargaining unit proposed by the labor organization is appropriate?

What are the restrictions upon management regarding interrogation and communications with employees during the organization campaign?

What does bargaining in good faith entail and how does that apply to mandatory, permissive, and prohibited issues?

How does the economic market for competition and concentration affect the outcome of collective bargaining?

Employment Law

  1. What is the significance of the Pregnancy Discrimination Act?
  2. Can you share with the class if you, your friend or colleague was pregnant at work and has ever been a target of discrimination?
  3. What is the best possible course of action to take when one is the target of pregnancy discrimination?
  4. Can a company ever consider pregnancy in its employment decisions? Explain.

The Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA)

The Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) was designed to protect workers with disabilities against employer discrimination. As a group discuss the following:

  • In actual practice, how well does the Act achieve this goal? Explain. Support your answer with examples from recent court decisions.

Submit a summary of the your consensus.

Employment Law

I. What are the responsibilities of your current (or most recent) employer with regard to the Family and Medical Leave Act?

 

II. Using the Library or other Web resources, identify and describe a case in which an employer’s activities were restricted due to religious rights of employees. Be sure to explain how the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission’s criteria for religious discrimination apply to the case.

Please submit your assignment.

In Praise of Big Brother

For your fourth essay, please write a two- to three-page (600-900 word) response to the following question:

In “In Praise of Big Brother” (pp. 203-215), James Stacey Taylor argues for the optimistic conclusion that, with the right legal and procedural safeguards, large-scale governance surveillance would have many positive consequences. What are Taylor’s best reasons for rejecting the pessimistic worry that such surveillance could lead to an “Orwellian nightmare” that Taylor discusses at the beginning and end of his article? Do you find these considerations persuasive? Why or why not?

Please ensure that your essay addresses each component of the assigned question and that your answer is well-organized, uses excellent, college-level prose, and makes judicious use of textual evidence.

Taylor’s Case

Choose and respond to one of the following questions:

Question A

Imagine Stanley and Steinhardt had the opportunity to reply to Taylor’s case. Compose that reply. Note: This prompt requires that you are able to summarize Taylor’s reasoning and point to particular disagreements, then articulate reasons to reject some of Taylor’s support.

Question B

We see both benefits and deleterious effects of development in these readings. Take one example discussed by the authors and, using the moral concepts discussed last week, provide an argument concerning our interacting with or restricting use of a particular technology.

 

Taylor's Case

Choose and respond to one of the following questions:

Question A

Imagine Stanley and Steinhardt had the opportunity to reply to Taylor’s case. Compose that reply. Note: This prompt requires that you are able to summarize Taylor’s reasoning and point to particular disagreements, then articulate reasons to reject some of Taylor’s support.

Question B

We see both benefits and deleterious effects of development in these readings. Take one example discussed by the authors and, using the moral concepts discussed last week, provide an argument concerning our interacting with or restricting use of a particular technology.
 

Adverse Possession

Write a short essay, between 400 and 500 words, responding to the assignment below. You are expected to use the textbook and outside resources to provide accurate and substantive answers to the question. Also, be sure to make use of illustrating examples where appropriate. Submit your work in APA format.

Lisa and Danny are neighbors that live on Guerrero Street. Fifteen years ago Lisa built a gazebo. She frequently used the gazebo, but she was not aware that actually the gazebo was on property belonging to Danny. A month after the gazebo was built Lisa built a fence between her and Danny’s yard, and the gazebo was on Lisa’s side of the fence.   Fifteen years later, Danny has a survey done, and he discovers that the gazebo is on his land. Danny brings a suit to evict Lisa from the land. Does Lisa have a defense?  Assume, that the state in question has an adverse possession period of ten years.

Chase Estate Suit

Week 08 Case Study – Chase Estate Suit

In a 1-2 page Microsoft Word document, address the following case:

Several weeks after a depositor’s death, Chase Manhattan Bank paid 12 checks on the deceased depositor’s account. The depositor’s signature on the checks had been forged. The estate sued Chase, and Chase sued the estate’s attorneys.

The estate’s attorneys advised Chase of the depositor’s death. Three weeks before Chase paid any of the forged checks, the attorney’s gave Chase a copy of the death certificate and a court order to examine his deposit box.

Of the parties mentioned, is anyone liable?

Controversial Issues in Criminal Justice Administration: Section 1983

As a student of human resource management in criminal justice organizations, you have studied the potential effects and cost associations of section 1983 Liability lawsuits arising out of the violation of certain protected Civil Rights. Many times such civil liability risks can be handled with confidence gained through well-informed personnel who have been well trained in the topic. The author of the article you are to read for this essay provides a well-versed paper on the basics of Section 1983 Liability. This article is 8 pages with 29 additional informational pages. Please use accordingly to properly prepare a full and adequate response. This is a policy issue that will have long-term effects on your department.

As you write your essay, keep these questions in mind:

  • How much training is enough?
  • Do I need an attorney to teach this to my personnel?
  • How often should it be taught?
  • Should a department policy be updated with each new case?
  • What policy will you recommend to your chief executive (police), your warden (corrections), your commissioner (state police), your sheriff, and/or any executive role with which you must deal?
  • Do not forget to review the grading rubric.

Controversial Issues in Criminal Justice Administration: Section 1983

Justice Model

The justice model is a sentencing approach that uses determinate sentences, or fixed punishment terms; calls for the elimination of parole; and makes treatment voluntary. The justice model views crime reduction and successful incarceration as possible only if all offenders serve the same sentence for the same crime. This model posits that crime will continue or decrease to the extent that all offenders are treated the same.

In this assignment, you will prepare a written critical assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the justice sentencing model.

Assignment Guidelines:

  • Address the following in a Word document of 3 pages
    • Identify the specific goals and challenges of the model.
      • Use specific examples from case studies to support your critique.
    • Do you feel that the model is an effective approach to the criminal justice system? Why or why not?
      • Identify specific research findings to support your analysis.
    • How viable is the model in managing costs and other current challenges facing correctional managers? Explain.
      • Identify specific philosophical or social issues that could be used to support your conclusion.
  • Be sure to reference all sources using APA style.

3 pages.

Abstract page

Reference page

Plagiarism free

5 references cited throughout the paper.

Cultural Diversity in Criminal Justice

A recent event has caused uproar in demands for law enforcement to be attentive to activities that could lead to terrorism or gang activity. Race has been a source of controversy because of the stereotypes and labels put on individuals from certain races and religious backgrounds.

Opinions about issues in society are often the catalyst for the foundations of social change. The combined opinions of all individuals determine society’s position on an issue. Because criminal justice professionals have a first-hand view of the individuals who will be affected by the change, it is particularly crucial that they develop and advocate a position on an issue.

Using the library, Internet, or any other available material for adequate, accurate, and relevant support, address your position on the controversial issue. Propose 2 strategies for dealing with law enforcement subculture and racial profiling. One strategy is to be from an ethical perspective and the other should be in terms of keeping societal opinion from making significant changes in the functioning of systems and society as a whole.

Ethics vs Liability

Emma Pool is a ultrasound technologist for Mercy Hospital. Emma was approached by a senior official in human resources who represents a competing medical facility. Emma was offered a substantial raise to leave Mercy and work for the new company. When Emma’s boss heard about the offer, he told Emma, “If you agree to stay with us for at least five years, I promise that next year you will receive a promotion with a 15% raise and a 5-year contract.” Emma turned down Arthur’s offer and stayed with Mercy. Eight months later, Emma was dismissed due to corporate downsizing. Emma sued for breach of contract.

  • Can Emma legally enforce her boss’s promise?
  • What theory or theories would Emma use?
  • Provide arguments for both sides, determine which party wins, and provide support for your decision.

Scenario 2

In 2013, Louis Polanski flew over the handlebars of his motorcycle while racing at a motocross contest. Lou landed on his head, flipped over, and came to rest face down in the dirt. As a result of the accident, Lou became a quadriplegic. Lou was wearing all of the recommended safety equipment, including a $500 Fox Racing Helmet, a full-face motocross helmet that was designed for off-road use. The Fox helmet complied with the U.S. Department of Transportation standards and also exceeded the Snell 2010 and DOT standards. The Snell Foundation is a leading worldwide helmet research and testing laboratory. The owner’s manual for the helmet included the following:

  • Five Year Limited Warranty: Any Fox helmet found by the factory to be defective in materials or workmanship within five years from the date of purchase will be repaired or replaced at the option of the manufacturer. This warranty is expressly in lieu of all other warranties, and any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose created hereby, are limited in duration to the same duration of the express warranty herein. Fox shall not be liable for any incidental or consequential damages…
  • Introduction: Your new Fox Racing helmet is another in the long line of innovative off-road helmets from Fox. … The primary function of a helmet is to reduce the harmful effects of a blow to the head. However, it is important to recognize that the wearing of a helmet is not an assurance of absolute protection. NO HELMET CAN PROTECT THE WEARER AGAINST ALL FORESEEABLE IMPACTS.

Lou filed suit against Fox. Lou testified at trial that he had purchased the helmet based on the manufacturer’s assertion that the helmet’s primary function was to reduce the harmful effects of a blow to the head.

  • On what grounds could Lou sue Fox?
  • What will Fox argue in its defense?
  • Who will prevail? and why
  • Could Fox have done anything that would have avoided this lawsuit?
  • Please cite law less an 10 years old in Apa format

Trials and Verdicts

In the scenarios and resulting simulations, Tim Smith, senior criminal lawyer, discusses select cases and asks a paralegal to indicate which courts would have exclusive jurisdiction of the cases in question. He also discusses various pretrial procedures and illustrates them with select cases. Finally, Tim Smith introduces the case of Roland Gary, who served twenty-three (23) years in prison for a crime that he did not commit. The case brought to light several key issues, along with the manner in which they were resolved.

Use the Internet to research three real-life cases from the past five (5) years that fit the following criteria:

  • Cases that depict the unique processes related to different courts
  • The defendant accepted a plea bargain as an alternative to trial
  • The defendant was wrongly accused and later vindicated

Write a three to four (3-4) page paper in which you:

  1. Discuss one (1) real-life criminal case, taken from current events, and identify the court that took jurisdiction. Explain why the court that took the case was the appropriate one for the particular circumstances.
  2. Discuss the real-life case that you have selected, in which the defendant accepted a plea bargain as an alternative to trial. Give your opinion on whether or not justice was served in the case in question. Provide a rationale for the response.
  3. Discuss the real-life case that you selected, in which, like Roland Gary, the defendant was wrongly accused and later vindicated. Explore one (1) key aspect of the case and examine its relation to the case at large. Describe the resolution to the selected case.
  4. Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Summarize the current ethical issues faced by criminal justice professionals and future of the criminal justice system.
  • Explain the development of American courts and illustrate the concept of the dual-court system.
  • Distinguish between the various courtroom participants, and describe the stages in a criminal trial.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in criminal justice.
  • Write clearly and concisely about criminal justice using proper writing mechanics and APA style conventions.

Grading for this assignment will be based on answer quality, logic / organization of the paper, and language and writing skills, using the following rubric.

Business Law

In 2015, a research food store in Dallas, Texas, developed a new type of organic food called Greatstuff that provided low fat, good taste, low calorie content, and was quickly found to provide a number of health type benefits. The demand for the product skyrocketed, and retail sales in the Dallas area alone quickly began to exceed the supply. The Dallas store expanded their local production by acquiring extra components from Colorado, and also contracted with a similar facility in Beaumont, Texas, to produce the Greatstuff organic food. The reputation of the product continued to boom, and even though the production had increased by 1,000 per cent over the initial supply, the retail demand kept the store shelves empty most of the time.

A similar type organic food store out of Chicago approached the original Dallas store, and asked for the formula for Greatstuff, but the Texas owners declined. The supply and retail market continued to boom all over Texas. The owners of the organic food store in Chicago came to Dallas, bought a truck load of Greatstuff and took it back to their facility in Illinois and sold most of it, but also tried unsuccessfully to replicate production. Through some political connections, a number of members of Congress found out about Greatstuff, and applying the Commerce Clause succeeded in passing legislation that was signed by the president to: 1) place a special federal sales tax on Greatstuff, and 2) require the formula for production to be made public. The Dallas developer of Greatstuff sued in federal court in Dallas, contending that Greatstuff had nothing to do with interstate commerce and was not subject to the Commerce Clause.

You (student) should assume the role of an attorney representing the Dallas Organic Food Store in contending that the production and sale of Greatstuff is not subject to the federal legislation generated under the Commerce Clause. As the attorney for Dallas Organic Food Store, what would you argue to support your client’s position that the production and sale of Greatstuff is not subject to Federal regulation? Be specific about why Federal law does not apply and why.

Business Law

3-5 Page paper for Business Law

Multimedia activity: Business Organization

Visit the Choose Your Business Structure section of the U.S. Small Business Administration’s website.

If you were to start your own business, which business entity structure would you choose? Justify why your chosen structure is the best organizational form.

Explain the following business structures: sole proprietorship, partnership, LLC, and a corporation. In your analysis address the following for each business structure:

  1. Steps to form
  2. Personal liability for owners
  3. Taxation
  4. Advantages and disadvantages

Your paper must be three to five pages (excluding title and reference pages), and it must be formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. You must cite at least two scholarly sources in addition to the course textbook..

State of California v. O.J. Simpson

State V O.J. Simpson

  • 2,500 words (6-8 pages); answers must thoroughly address the questions in a clear, concise manner
  • Structure:
    • Include a title page and reference page in APA style
  • References:
    • References are not required; however, you should include the appropriate APA style in-text citations and references for all resources utilized to answer the questions
  • Format:
    • Save your assignment as a Microsoft Word (.doc or .docx), Open Office (.odt) or rich text format (.rtf) file type
  • Submission:
  • Submit your assignment to the Drop Box

Assignment:

Application Analysis: Course Applications and Case Review

This week you will reflect upon the “Course Applications and Case Review” and answer and review the following notable homicide case:

Introduction

One of the most famous and highly publicized homicide cases in recent history was that of “State of California v. O.J. Simpson”.  In 1995, O.J. Simpson was acquitted by a jury of his peers for the murder of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman.  This case has been described as receiving more media coverage and “unadulterated hype” then any other famous cases of the 20th Century such as the “Lindbergh kidnapping case in New Jersey in 1930” and “the Manson Family trial in California in 1970.” http://www.crimelibrary.com/notorious_murders/famous/simpson/index_1.html

It has been noted that during the course of the Los Angeles Police Department investigation, a number of mistakes transpired during the course of this case, which ultimately led to his (Simpson’s) acquittal.  In this final written assignment, you are being asked to research this homicide case from the perspective of determining what was done correctly and what was done incorrectly.  Using the key concepts related to the investigation of homicide that you have studied over the past nine weeks, determine and discuss at a minimum the following:

  1. What was done correctly?
  2. What was done incorrectly?
  3. What were key areas of concern?
  4. What did we learn from the investigation of this case?

Patents and Contracts

  1. How are patent protections put into place?

 

 

  1. What effect does the lack of mental capacity have on the enforceability of an agreement or contract?

Please cite in Apa format with sources less than 10 years old

Estate of Fry v. Labor and Industry Review Commission case

Employment Law – Work Related injuries

Using the Internet, research the case Estate of Fry v. Labor and Industry Review Commission case. Explain the court’s decision in this case. Identify circumstances in which you feel the outcome of the case would be different. Explain your reasoning.

Victims’ rights in America

Crime Victims’ Rights: From Illusion to Reality” and “Vengeance Time”

Read the following two articles “Crime Victims’ Rights: From Illusion to Reality” and “Vengeance Time” in this week’s Electronic Reserve Readings.

Write a 350- to 700-word personal reflection that addresses the following:

  • What is your personal stance on the current state of victims’ rights in America?
  • Do you believe that the 2004 Crime Victims’ Rights Act (CRVA) has been successful? Explain.
  • Is there ever a circumstance in which you feel vengeance is appropriate, even when it means breaking a law? Explain your response.
  • Do you agree with the actions of Survivors Network of those Abused by Priests (SNAP)? Why or why not?

Court Testimony

As a professional involved with the evaluation of crime scenes, your court testimony is vital to assuring a fair and accurate trial.

For this week’s discussion, please respond to each of the following:

  • Suppose you were called to investigate an assault with a deadly weapon. A year later, you are subpoenaed to present your findings in court as a witness for the prosecution. What would you do to prepare your testimony? Why is this important?  Make sure to support your answer with material from the textbook.
  • As a criminal investigator, you are the expert on the case.  A lot of times the decision to prosecute or acquit is based upon your presentation of facts.  One of your colleagues is set to testify for the first time on a case that has drawn intense public scrutiny.  Using your textbook, what advice do you have for this investigator?  Why is this advice important?

Business Law

Koa contracts to ship one hundred cases of Fresh Niblets brand corn to Allman of Dayton, Ohio by way of National Truck Lines on October 2, FOB Dayton at $25 per case.  Allman is to make a ten percent down payment.  The payment is to be received at Koa’s place of business before shipment occurs.  Koa ships the corn on October 2, although she has not yet received the down payment, and the goods arrive in Dayton.  There they remain in National’s truck.  Because Allman has failed to make the down payment, Koa orders National not to take the goods to Allman’s warehouse.  Allman claims that at this point Koa has no right to take back the corn.  Discuss Koa’s rights and the validity of Allman’s argument.

Business Law

Greensburg Metal Manufacturing Company made school furniture.  In 1985, Woolrich Company entered into a contract with Greensburg to be the latter’s exclusive distributor of school furniture in the metropolitan New York area.  Under this contract, Greensburg made a number of shipments of furniture to Woolrich, which Woolrich resold to the New York Board of Education.  The distributorship contract between Woolrich and Greensburg was to end December 1987, but Greensburg, without legal justification, terminated the contract in February 1986.
Just before Greensburg breached the contract, it made a large shipment of furniture to Woolrich that amounted to about half the furniture that Woolrich had just ordered from Greensburg.  Much of the furniture was shipped in damaged condition, requiring Woolrich to repair it extensively before it could be resold.  In addition, Woolrich was forced to purchase a large quantity of school furniture on the open market to satisfy a current contract with the New York Board of Education.  Finally, Woolrich had to rent a small amount of furniture in order to satisfy its contractual obligations to the New York Board of Education.  Which of these expenditures, if any, can Woolrich recover from Greensburg?  Are there any additional losses Woolrich could claim?

White Collar Criminal Penalties

White Collar Crime Assignment 7

This week you will explore perceptions and reality of white collar criminal penalties. The goal of this assignment is for you to summarize your thoughts on penalties for white collar crime. Ensure to include your concepts, ideas, and thoughts on the value and importance of how ethics relates to criminal behavior and appropriate penalties. In your analysis, be sure to:

  • Discuss your perception and the public perception of penalties for white-collar crime.
  • Compare and contrast penalties for white collar and other forms of crimes. Discuss why you think the penalties should be similar or different for at least three (3) specific crimes.
  • Indicate how these punishments may deter or convince an individual to engage in white collar criminal activity.
  • Offer suggestions and rationales as to the type of penalties that should be levied against an investment broker who scammed millions of dollars defrauding unwitting investors.

Provide specific and detailed examples to justify your reasoning.

Support your paper with a minimum of three (3) scholarly resources. In addition to these specified resources, other appropriate scholarly resources, including older articles, may be included.

Length: 5-7 pages not including title and reference pages

Your paper should demonstrate thoughtful consideration of the ideas and concepts that are presented in the course and provide new thoughts and insights relating directly to this topic. Your response should reflect scholarly writing and current APA standards. Be sure to adhere to Northcentral University’s Academic Integrity Policy.

Upload your assignment using the Upload Assignment button.

 

White Collar Crime

White Collar Crime Assignment 8
Topic: Government Crime
Instructions: Thoroughly research this topic to become a well-versed content expert. You will be preparing a PowerPoint presentation in a law enforcement setting for your professional peers who have indicated a need to become more knowledgeable with white collar crime after a local incident where a respected financial advisor embezzled and misappropriated monies entrusted to him by investors. In your presentation, be sure to:
•    Explain why this particular topic is of interest to you and the importance of becoming knowledgeable with regards to this topic to help combat white collar crime.
•    Why society should share this concern with you. Why do these crimes occur and how can criminal actions affect others?
•    Provide specific recommendations either for legal or internal corporate change to combat identified risks for white collar criminal activity to take place. What daily business activities are at risk? How do you plan to encourage an environment that respects high ethical standards?
•    Recommend a metric for success if your proposals are accepted. How would success be defined and how often should your plans be evaluated or tested?

Incorporate appropriate animations, transitions, and graphics as well as “speaker notes” for each slide. The speaker notes may be comprised of brief paragraphs or bulleted lists.

Support your presentation with at least five (5) scholarly resources. In addition to these specified resources, other appropriate scholarly resources may be included.

Length: 15-20 slides (with a separate reference slide)
Notes Length: 150-200 words for each slide

Be sure to include citations for quotations and paraphrases with references in APA format and style where appropriate. Save the file as PPT with the correct course code information.

HISTORY OF CYBER CRIMES

Research the beginnings of Cyber Crimes and how they have changed the way crimes are committed and investigated. Then focus on a major cyber crime that has happened and how the criminal was caught.

guidelines. For information on APA, see the OWL resources in Start Here -> Writing Resources. I also recommend this resource, which details APA writing guidelines: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/

Your final project should look like this:

Title page 1 page

Abstract 1 page

Body of writing 5 pages (minimum)

References 1 page

______________________

TOTAL = 8 pages (minimum)

The grade you earn will depend upon the presentation of your analysis and research, the quality of the work presented – whether you give a detailed presentation or a vague overview, whether you addressed all parts of the questions asked, and how you support your argument/discussion – as well as the citing of a variety of sources/use of references and whether you met the mandatory minimum page requirement. Use at least 5 professional/academic sources for your body of research (Wikipedia, Ask.com, etc. are not research-quality sources). One of the resources can be your textbook.

Do not ‘copy and paste’ from your sources. Instead, paraphrase the source and cite where the information came from. Direct quotes should be used sparingly, but if you do use one, be sure to indicate so by enclosing it within quotation marks and citing the source (go to ‘Start Here’ and download APA Cheat Sheet and APA Formating Template). Failure to properly cite is plagiarism. You can review how well you paraphrased and cited by utilizing SafeAssign.

Please make sure you review your paper for spelling, grammar, and formatting errors before submitting it. Remember that the paper should be typed in Microsoft Word. Your paper cannot receive a grade until it is submitted properly. If you need assistance, please let me know.

Business law

Suppose Josh Hartly is interested in purchasing a new car and visits his local auto dealer. In the course of his negotiations, he tells the salesperson that he wants the 3.2 liter V-6 engine, and not the 3.9 liter because he has concerns regarding the fuel economy of the 3.9 liter engine. Josh signs a contract agreeing to purchase a car with the 3.2 liter V-6 engine. What neither Josh nor the salesperson knew was that the manufacturer had already stopped manufacturing both the 3.2 liter and the 3.9 liter, and was equipping the cars with a newly designed 3.5 liter engine.

What do you think about this situation? Should parties to a sales contract be able to rescind a contract because of mutual mistake of fact? Why or why not? Did either party act unethically in this case? Why or why not? What application does the UCC have here? Finally, in the overall context of contract law, are there any winners or losers when a contract is rescinded based on mutual mistake of fact? Why or why not?

For additional details, please refer to the Short Paper/Case Study Analysis rubric document in the Assignment Guidelines and Rubrics section of the course.

Organized Crime

Models of Organized Crime Executive Summary

Write a 650- to 900-word executive summary in which you compare distinctions between bureaucratic and patron-client organizations. Include similarities and differences between the main models of organized crime, and explain why the models are important for understanding organized crime.

Format your references consistent with APA guidelines.

Crime

Assault, Battery, and Crimes against Persons

Review the following scenario in order to complete this assignment:

 

(A) is walking alone late at night when a man suddenly jumps in front of her and drags her into an alley. The attacker strikes (A) and rips her clothes. Fortunately, (A) hits the attacker with a rock and runs to safety.

 

Use the Internet to research assault, battery, and crimes against persons.

 

Write a four to six (4-6) page paper in which you:

  1. Compare and contrast the key similarities and differences between the crime of assault and the crime of battery. Provide one (1) example of each crime to support your response.
  2. Determine whether or not the jurisdiction in which the crime has occurred should consider the man’s actions as assault. Next, determine whether or not the jurisdiction should punish the man’s actions as battery. Justify your response.
  3. Suggest one (1) different fact pattern that would change the scenario from assault and / or battery to consensual touching. Support the validity of your response.

Consider the following change to the scenario. (A) is held against her will.

 

  1. Discuss the crime of false imprisonment. Next, debate whether or not the suggested change in Question 3 would allow the court to convict the attacker in order to punish him. Provide a rationale to support your response.
  2. Differentiate between the crimes of false imprisonment and kidnapping. Support or critique the notion that one of the two crimes is more heinous than the other. Justify your response.

Consider the following change to the scenario. (A) and the attacker are romantically linked and are having an argument. The attacker drags (A) in the alley to talk. (A) slaps the attacker.

 

  1. Debate whether or not (A)’s action would require the attacker to defend himself. Provide a rationale to support your response.
  2. Use at least three (3) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar type Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

The Abolition of Death Penalty

The Abolition of Death Penalty: A Necessity for the New Millennium

argumentative essay, 5 pages, 5 academic references (books and journal articles), MLA referencing style.

The journal articles that were used can be provided if necessary.

If your assignment will be checked for plagiarism, please order an original paper, this was made for another student.

Homeland Security

CJUS254-1502B-01 Introduction to Homeland Security
Task Name: Phase 4 Discussion Board
Deliverable Length: See assignment details
Details: Primary Discussion Response is due by Wednesday (11:59:59pm Central), Peer Responses are due by Sunday (11:59:59pm Central).Primary Task Response: Within the Discussion Board area, write 400–600 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas.

Your new boss has a law enforcement background and is not fully aware of the missions that the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) conducts. She has asked for a mission statement and a short explanation of these missions. In addition, she wants you to provide an analysis of how FEMA’s missions support the DHS’s missions as well as an analysis of how FEMA should prioritize the missions. An explanation and or rationalization of these recommendations should also be provided. Include at least 2 sources

Evidence

You are a senior member of the Major Case Investigations unit for a large metropolitan police agency. The commandant of the Police Academy has contacted you and would like you to provide a presentation to the graduating class of police cadets that will be assuming street patrol duties in the next week. The topic of the paper to be presented is on the major categories of evidence in criminal cases, how they differ from one another, and their significance in the investigation.

In a white paper to the graduating police academy class, address the bulleted items listed below. There are a number of evidence-related resources that are not found in academic journals that may be utilized as references in this assignment. It is critical that when you make a statement of fact in your presentation, that you cite the reference you obtained the information from in the text of the paper and that the reference is included in your reference page. As always, your paper will be submitted in the APA format current edition. No abstract is required because this is a short position paper, but a title page, reference page, and appropriate running header with page numbers are necessary.

  • Address the following in 3–5 pages:
    • What is real, or physical, evidence? Describe.
      • Provide 3 examples of a piece of real evidence.
      • What is the importance of physical or real evidence to the investigation? Explain.
    • What are two methods of demonstrative evidence used to clarify the issues surrounding actions or lack of actions at a crime scene for a judge or jury? Explain.
      • How would they help the triers of fact to better understand the evidence? Explain.
    • What is the difference between direct evidence and circumstantial evidence? Explain.
    • What is the concept of overwhelming circumstantial evidence? Explain.
      • Can it be enough for a conviction? Why or why not?
  • Be sure to reference all sources using APA style.

Labor Law

Labor Law Questions

1). Complete an in-depth analysis of the Railway Labor Act (RLA), including its amendments, judicial interpretations, and administrative law. Having studied the RLA over the past few weeks, you will now tie it together with what you have learned about labor relations thus far. Choose a case or Internet source on this topic and be sure to include this in your response.

2). Explain arbitration and mediation and how they apply to labor relations.

 

200-300 words each question. Include cited sources

Business Law

As e-commerce continues to grow in the United States and abroad, new consumer protection laws are needed. Use the Internet to research recent developments in consumer protection for transactions through cyberspace. (Kubasek et al., 2013, p. 754-5). Consider cyberspace consumer protections that may affect the business in which you work, in which you would like to work, or from a situation you have experienced. Think of this issue from the perspective of a business working with customers; consider how protecting customers may cost your business profits, or, how it might make your business profits by “differentiating” your business from others like it. Then, consider this from the perspective of a legislator or regulator, trying to protect customers from this situation. (Some ideas: identity theft, credit card interest rates, airline baggage fees, etc.). Be creative.

Make a recommendation for a government regulation, or law that you would like to see enacted. Think of the consequences (good and bad) of the proposed regulation or law that you have suggested to businesses, and to consumers. Consider any unintended consequences that might occur. Your paper should have the following sections:

  1. Regulation or law proposal. Be very specific in the wording. (Your own idea and words). (20 points).
    1. What problem did you find in your research online that your regulation plans to address? Include a citation to the article(s) that describes the problem. (10points)
    2. What consequences might your proposed regulation/law have on affected businesses? Describe one good and one bad consequence. (10 points)
    3. What consequences might your proposed regulation/law have on protected consumers? Describe one good and one bad consequence. (10 points)
    4. Consider unintended consequences. What might one be? Describe it. (5 points).
  2. References
    • Include a reference(s) from the problem(s) you found in your online research. (5 points)
    • APA formatting required. (5 points)
    • no less than 3 pages plus references page

Criminal Justice

3 Page Paper (Criminal Justice)

Please read Chapter 1.  Then please answer the following essay questions.  Each essay question should be at least one page in length, double spaced, one inch margins, 12 pt. font, Times New Roman, APA Format and must include both citations and references.
Essays:
  • How is policing different in a free democratic society as opposed to a totalitarian society?
  • Why is the rule of law important for policing in a democracy?
  • The police system in the United States is very fragmented.  Do you think this is a positive or negative feature? Why?
Module 1
CRJ 307: Police, Society, and Community Service

Chapter 1 Summary

Chapter 1 focuses on the police and their role in a democracy. The form of government may dictate the activities and behaviors of the police. A democracy is concerned with the rights and freedoms granted to individuals. These rights and freedoms are outlined in constitutions. Also included in these constitutions are the duties and limitations of the government. The police, as representatives of the executive branch of government, must abide by these limitations. This will act as a system of checks and balances that prohibit those with power from abusing it.
In order to be successful, a democratic government is based upon a consensus. However, it is the police that must respond when the consensus fails. In an odd way, the police exist because we realize that our democratic form of government is going to fail sometimes. If someone takes the property of another, we rely upon the police to return our property and punish the individual who took it. The police also exist to remind us that, although we have freedom, it is not an absolute freedom. There are limitations on that freedom. Sometimes the police offer this reminder at a time when we would prefer not to be reminded (e.g., a traffic ticket or arrest).
In the United States, the laws may be categorized as civil law, criminal law, substantive law, and procedural law. Civil law addresses the interactions between individuals. Criminal law is concerned with the relationship between the individual and government. Substantive laws outline the behaviors that are required of or prohibited to the individual. The procedural laws define how the police are to enforce the substantive laws. Some of the procedural laws are also found in the amendments to the U.S. Constitution. The amendments state what the police (government) can and cannot do. They exist to regulate the behavior of the police, not the citizen.
Because of the events of September 11, 2001, the priorities for American law enforcement changed. Counterterrorism and homeland security became top priorities. Federal agencies came to the forefront of law enforcement. State and local police have always had the primary responsibilities for law enforcement and crime control.
In the United States there are four basic types of policing. The citizen-police officer comes into play when a common citizen makes an arrest for a felony. Vigilantism may be an example of the actions of a citizen-police officer. Private police are those individuals paid to serve a specific purpose. Examples of private police would include bank guards, mall security, or department store security. Public police are those individuals paid by the government to serve the general interests of all citizens. The municipal police officer is an example of public police. The final type of policing in the United States is public police that work in a private capacity. This would include a public police officer moonlighting at a club or store.
The police are generally organized along geographic and political boundaries. All levels of government may have some type of police agency. At the federal level there are agencies that are usually specific in their purpose. The Federal Bureau of Investigation, the U.S. Customs, and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms are examples of federal agencies. State governments involve state police agencies or highway patrols. The sheriff’s office is present at the county level. The municipal police officer will handle situations at the city, town, or village level. Police departments across the country range from over 40,000 officers in New York City to one-officer departments in the smaller towns and villages. Tribal police, public safety, consolidation, special-jurisdiction police, contract law enforcement, and task-force arrangements are additional forms of policing.
In the performance of the police role there are expectations as to what the police should do and how they should do it. There are community expectations concerning this role—society has expectations of their police officers. But the diversity of the American society makes it difficult to form uniform expectations. Therefore, the police role may be seen differently by different groups in a society.
Police role expectations may come from within the police organization. These role expectations may be part of the formal expectations, derived from the administration of the organization, or part of informal expectations, derived from the fellow officers and their experiences.
Finally, individual police officers have their expectations. This would refer to the degree to which their needs are met by the organization and the job.
Should the police emphasize law enforcement or politics? Law enforcement would be a legalistic approach to policing. Under this approach, the law is consistently enforced, free from bias, free from situational influence. The political approach allows for responsiveness and individualization. The uniqueness of the situation may be considered under the political approach.
Should the police focus only on crime fighting or also provide social service?  The crime fighter officer is concerned with investigating crime. The social service officer believes that there are other activities beyond crime fighting that should be part of the police officer’s attention.
Should policing be proactive or reactive? To be proactive means that police will be more aggressive and more intrusive—they will initiate more activities. With being proactive comes the concern about entrapment. Being reactive may be more in line with a democracy.
Regardless of the debate, the police are involved in a variety of activities. Studies have shown that the police are involved in law enforcement, crime control, order maintenance, and service. This would include anything from investigating a murder to directing traffic and responding to calls about barking dogs.

Legal and Ethical Considerations in Marketing Product Safety

You are a new associate at the law firm of Dewey, Chetum, and Howe. John, a former researcher at PharmaCARE, comes to your office. He has concerns about PharmaCARE’s use of AD23, one of the company’s top-selling diabetes drugs. Two (2) years ago, after PharmaCARE’s research indicated that AD23 might also slow the progression of Alzheimer’s disease, John and his team of pharmacists began reformulating the drug to maximize that effect. In order to avoid the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) scrutiny, PharmaCARE established a wholly-owned subsidiary, CompCARE, to operate as a compounding pharmacy to sell the new formulation to individuals on a prescription basis. CompCARE established itself in a suburban office park near its parent’s headquarters. To conserve money and time, CompCARE did a quick, low-cost renovation.

CompCARE benefited from PharmaCARE’s reputation, databases, networks, and sales and marketing expertise, and within six (6) months had the medical community buzzing about AD23. Demand soared, particularly among Medicare, Medicaid, and Veterans Affairs patients. Seeing the opportunity to realize even more profit, CompCARE began advertising AD23 directly to consumers and marketing the drug directly to hospitals, clinics, and physician offices, even though compounding pharmacies are not permitted to sell drugs in bulk for general use. To circumvent this technicality, CompCARE encouraged doctors to fax lists of fictitious patient names to CompCARE. PharmaCARE sold CompCARE to WellCo, a large drugstore chain, just weeks before AD23 was publicly linked to over 200 cardiac deaths.

As CompCARE and its new parent company enjoyed record profits and PharmaCARE’s stock price approached $300 per share, reports started surfacing that people who received AD23 seemed to be suffering heart attacks at an alarming rate. The company ignored this data and continued filling large orders and paying huge bonuses to all the executives and managers, including John, whose wife recently died from a heart attack after using AD23. John has come to you with an internal company memo describing the potential problems with AD23, and information describing the company’s willingness roll the dice and continue to market the drug.

Your senior partner has asked you to write a memo outlining the following issues for review by the senior partners.

In preparation for this assignment, use the Internet or Strayer Library to research examples of intellectual property theft that occurred within the past two (2) years.

Write a six (6) page paper in which you:

  1. Research three to five (3-5) ethical issues relating to marketing and advertising, intellectual property, and regulation of product safety and examine whether PharmaCARE violated any of the issues in question.
  2. Argue for or against Direct-to-Consumer (DTC) marketing by drug companies. Provide support for your response.
  3. Determine the parties responsible for regulating compounding pharmacies under the current regulatory scheme, the actions that either these parties or the FDA could / should have taken in this scenario, and whether PharmaCARE could face legal exposure surrounding its practices. Support your response.
  4. Analyze the manner in which PharmaCARE used U.S. law to protect its own intellectual property and if John has any claim to being the true inventor of AD23. Suggest at least three (3) ways the company could compensate John for the use of his intellectual property.
  5. Summarize at least one (1) current example (within the past two [2] years) of intellectual property theft, and examine the effect on that company’s brand.
  6. Analyze the potential issue surrounding the death of John’s wife and other potential litigants against PharmaCARE as a result of AD23.
  7. Specify both the major arguments that John can make to claim that he is a whistleblower and the type of protections that he should be afforded. Justify your response.
  8. Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia is not an acceptable reference and proprietary Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Analyze and assess legal and ethical restraints on marketing and advertising, relative to both consumers and organizations.
  • Analyze and evaluate laws and regulations relative to product safety and liability.
  • Explore copyright laws and intellectual property rights and assess how well they balance competing interests.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in law, ethics, and corporate governance.

Inappropriate Behavior

Assignment 1: Inappropriate Behavior

Marwan has worked at Studio Five Theme Park as a character actor portraying a swash-buckling pirate. He does not have an employment contract.  He loves his job because of his seniority with the company and all the attention he receives from the guests in the park. Unknown to anyone, his prosthetic leg has no noticeable impact on Marwan’s success in this position.

Marwan has become an accomplished flirt with all this attention, and now goes to the extent of placing his hands on the female guests’ behinds when posing for pictures. The women he has encountered so far have not complained, didn’t seem to mind, or they were taken by such surprise they were not sure how to respond.

One day, Marwan grabbed the breast of one of his fellow female actors who had been recently hired. When she threatened to report him, Marwan told her that he could get her fired if she did not go on a date with him. The fellow employee reported the incident anyway and Marwan was terminated immediately. Marwan contends that he was terminated as a result of physical disability.

Directions:

Research employment law related to hiring/firing and discrimination, using your textbook, the Argosy University online library resources, and the Internet. Based on the facts of the case and research, write an analytical paper. In the paper, respond to the following questions:

  • What civil rights laws may prohibit Marwan’s conduct with his fellow co-worker? Do those laws apply to his conduct toward the park guest?  Explain both answers.
  • Did Marwan commit sexual harassment? If so, what type? Explain your answers and the terms you use.
  • What is the legal nature of Marwan’s employment?  Explain your answers and the terms you use.
  • What actions and steps should Studio Five take against Marwan? Explain what actions you considered and why you either recommend them or reject them.
  • Discuss Marwan’s allegation that he is being discriminated against based on his disability and what response Studio Five may have to that allegation. What would each of them have to prove in court?
  • If the female employee sues Studio Five Theme Park, what defenses can Studio Five use?   Are they liable for Marwan’s conduct even if they were unaware of and did not approve of Marwan’s actions? Explain your answers and the terms you use.
  • If Marwan was a member of a union that had a collective bargaining agreement with Studio Five, would that change any of your previous answers? If so, why?
  • What types of company policies, procedures, and actions should businesses employ to avoid harassment of their employees?

Write a ten-page paper in Word format. Apply APA standards for writing style to your work.

Case Study

Case Study

Problem 1.  Mr. Mom

Amy Lawrence and John Delford have both been working for Defense Plants, Inc. for over 20 years. Amy is a supervisor and John is a production worker as well as a union steward for the smallest manufacturing plant. According to employment records, they have performed their respective jobs well over the years and have acted professionally in the past, representing their respective sides properly.

Bob Edwards has been an employee only 11 weeks. As of last Tuesday, he joined the union, which he was allowed to do after 10 weeks of employment.

Bob’s supervisor is Amy Lawrence.  Last Wednesday, a day after he joined the union, Bob informed Amy that he was not able to stay late on Wednesdays to complete a clean up job even though Amy reminded him twice. In fact, Amy informed Bob that now that he is a permanent employee and under the union contract, he is required to clean up each Wednesday, once a week, after work hours. Bob has apologized to Amy, but has also advised her that he is not able to do the cleaning because he must leave at 5 p.m. sharp each day to pick up his daughter Telitha from day care. (His wife works evenings.)

Following are further details about the case:

  1. Bob’s job description does not actually contain clean up as one of his tasks.
  2. Bob did notify Amy when he first started the job that he needed to leave promptly at 5 P.M. each day to pick up his daughter. Amy told him she was sure they could work something out.
  3. Bob has asked John Delford, the union steward, to obtain an exception for him.
  4. John Delford, however, agrees with Amy that a one-year-old change in the union contract requires all full time permanent employees to clean up after hours, up to 45 minutes, once per week, as designated by a supervisor. John says he is not able to obtain an exception for Bob.
  5. When Bob continues to leave sharply at 5 p.m. on Wednesdays without cleaning up, Amy threatens him with discharge. To comply, Bob finally switches day care providers to a more expensive one in another part of town, farther away, with more flexible hours.
  6. Meanwhile, in Amy’s presence, John has called Bob a “sissy man”, “Mr. Mom” “dirty Daddy” and other names. Amy scolded John, but did not take any disciplinary action. Since then, Bob has found notes and pictures in his lunchbox, ridiculing his role as Mr. Mom. In retaliation, Bob’s supporters have been anonymously posting rude slogans implying that the union and company are unethically colluding.
  7. The older employees have sided with Amy and John and the younger ones with Bob. It turns out that this issue has struck a nerve, as a number of the younger employees have had problems with the new policy. While the older employees are happy with the union and the employer, the younger employees are very unhappy. They want a new family friendly policy, which the older employees think will just spoil the workers.
  8. The younger employees consider the treatment of Bob to be something like “gender plus” sexual harassment, in that he is required to make extra sacrifice due to his responsibility as a father having to cope with day care.
  9. The atmosphere at the plant has become hostile. Several employees have threatened to quit the union, and there have been shouting matches in the lunchroom. The older employees say they are going to protest or go on strike if Bob gets his way, and the younger ones say they are going to find work elsewhere if John isn’t fired as the union steward.
  10.  Bob begins to have trouble with his health because of the stress. For one thing, he now has high blood pressure, which he has never had before. He decides to hire an attorney to sue both the company and the union. The attorney sends a demand letter, asking for Bob to receive an apology from the union and the company and an exception from the clean up duty. The attorney has offered to meet with representatives of the company and the union.

Your Assignment

You are an official of the union brought in to resolve this problem. Write a memo in Word with suggestions on how you would propose to solve this labor-employment problem. Refer to principles and examples from your reading.

MUST HAVE IN-TEXT CITATIONS, APA FORMAT AND REFERENCE PAGE

Federal Compliance Law

Federal Compliance Law

Listen to a podcast of Linda Thomsen, former director of enforcement at the Securities and Exchange Commission: How Sarbanes-Oxley has affected corporate culture. Discuss how the Sarbanes–Oxley Act has changed corporate culture. A transcript of the podcast is also available through the URL.

Expand on how the Sarbanes–Oxley Act impacts organizational culture and why federal oversight like this is needed.

Additionally, Linda Thomsen mentions in the podcast that she expects further misconduct to occur. Why do you think this type of misconduct continues despite these regulatory laws?

The Patient Protection & Affordable Care Act of 2010

The Patient Protection & Affordable Care Act of 2010

With the passing of the P.P.A.C.A., the government has taken a step towards reshaping the U.S. health care system. In your paper, you should describe the key characteristics of the act, review some of the major historical developments that resulted in its passage, and explain the major influences that shaped its creation. In addition, you will compare and contrast information about the act from a popular lay media report (like a website or newspaper/magazine article) with other official information available from academic research and/or governmental sources. Based on what you read, you will take a position on what you think some of the biggest pros and cons of the act are. Finally, you should analyze how the act will affect the U.S. health care system in terms of cost, quality, access, and the provision of services.
You must use the Ashford library to conduct the research necessary to complete this assignment. Prior to beginning this assignment, you are strongly encouraged to complete the Research Tutorial (specifically, units 2-3 and 5-8), which is available through the Ashford University Library.

In a three to four page double-spaced paper (excluding title and reference page), respond to the following:

  1. Describe the purpose and history of the act. What issues in the U.S. health care system was the act intended to address? How did those issues develop historically? Provide examples that illustrate the historical development of the act.
  2. Describe the key features of the P.P.A.C.A.? How will the act impact the U.S. health care system?
  3. Compare and contrast the lay media report(s) with what scholarly sources say about the act. What do the popular lay media say about the P.P.A.C.A.? How do popular lay media reports compare to official (governmental or academic research) information available about the P.P.A.C.A.?
  4. Describe your personal opinion about the act. What is your opinion about the P.P.A.C.A. overall? What do you believe are some of the pros and cons of the act? How did you develop that opinion?
  5. Analyze the expected effect of the act in terms of cost, quality, access and the provision of services. Which features of the P.P.A.C.A. do you think will have the biggest effect (positive or negative) on our health care system?

Your paper must utilize three sources, including one “lay” media source (like a website, television broadcast, or print media article) and two scholarly sources. One of the two scholarly sources must be obtained from an academic journal accessed through the Ashford Online Library and the other may be an academic reference or a governmental or professional website taken from the Health Care Administration Subject Guide (located in the Ashford Library). All sources must be documented in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

The Patient Protection & Affordable Care Act of 2010

The Patient Protection & Affordable Care Act of 2010

With the passing of the P.P.A.C.A., the government has taken a step towards reshaping the U.S. health care system. In your paper, you should describe the key characteristics of the act, review some of the major historical developments that resulted in its passage, and explain the major influences that shaped its creation. In addition, you will compare and contrast information about the act from a popular lay media report (like a website or newspaper/magazine article) with other official information available from academic research and/or governmental sources. Based on what you read, you will take a position on what you think some of the biggest pros and cons of the act are. Finally, you should analyze how the act will affect the U.S. health care system in terms of cost, quality, access, and the provision of services.
You must use the Ashford library to conduct the research necessary to complete this assignment. Prior to beginning this assignment, you are strongly encouraged to complete the Research Tutorial (specifically, units 2-3 and 5-8), which is available through the Ashford University Library.
In a three to four page double-spaced paper (excluding title and reference page), respond to the following:

  1. Describe the purpose and history of the act. What issues in the U.S. health care system was the act intended to address? How did those issues develop historically? Provide examples that illustrate the historical development of the act.
  2. Describe the key features of the P.P.A.C.A.? How will the act impact the U.S. health care system?
  3. Compare and contrast the lay media report(s) with what scholarly sources say about the act. What do the popular lay media say about the P.P.A.C.A.? How do popular lay media reports compare to official (governmental or academic research) information available about the P.P.A.C.A.?
  4. Describe your personal opinion about the act. What is your opinion about the P.P.A.C.A. overall? What do you believe are some of the pros and cons of the act? How did you develop that opinion?
  5. Analyze the expected effect of the act in terms of cost, quality, access and the provision of services. Which features of the P.P.A.C.A. do you think will have the biggest effect (positive or negative) on our health care system?

Your paper must utilize three sources, including one “lay” media source (like a website, television broadcast, or print media article) and two scholarly sources. One of the two scholarly sources must be obtained from an academic journal accessed through the Ashford Online Library and the other may be an academic reference or a governmental or professional website taken from the Health Care Administration Subject Guide (located in the Ashford Library). All sources must be documented in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Media Law

Media Law #1

1.Answer “True” or “False” as to the following statement, then briefly explain your answer in a sentence or two.

The First Amendment expressly and absolutely guarantees “Freedom of Speech” and “Freedom of the Press” true or false?

2.Answer  “Right” or “Wrong” as to the following scenario’s conclusion, then briefly explain your answer in a sentence or two.

Hypo: You are a reporter for a local TV station. You are doing a “stand-up” about a woman named Rosario Padilla. She is a worker at McDonalds. She is a mother of two kids and makes $6/hour with a monthly rent of $900/month for her one bedroom apartment. Her husband is a day laborer/carpenter who pulls in anywhere from zero to $350/week She slaps two very bold and shiny new stickers on the dirty bumper of her car, one in Spanish, one in English but they advocate the same thing: “Vote for a Living Wage.” Her shift manager, son of the franchisee and thus co-operator, saw the stickers and fired her. 

From a public area across the street from the McDonalds , you are about to get a toss from the anchor in the studio, and your director says in your earpiece that the McDonald’s franchisee has violated Rosario’s First Amendment rights.

As the camera switches on you nod and say “I agree, let’s go with it.” Are you and the director right or wrong?

3.Read this long hypo:

Calvin Candee (“Calvin”) is a junior at the Georgetown University, a Jesuit-run university in Washington DC. He lives in the Village B dorms, and has a Tumblr blog called “Fuck the TSA” It has 420 other Tumblrs following it. His posts automatically post to Twitter, and he likewise posts his Instagram pics and vid back to Tumblr.

His latest post on his Tumblr blog is titled “Exalt Your Second Amendment Rights & Personal Liberty: Kill One of these Obama Henchmen.” The content consists of a youtube vid showing a TSA agent yelling at a young mother to put her frightened child through body scanner. Then there’s embedded images showing various existing and experimental brands of .380, 9mm and  .22 handguns which can pass through airport scanners undetected, yet are “suitable for both home and personal defense and for sporting,” per Calvin. None have a clip inserted or are otherwise loaded; however, in the text Calvin talks about Russian-made rounds which are composite/non metallic rather than lead slugs, and how he will include links on getting them in a subsequent blog post. He says “If you want these bad boys you better get them now, because Obama’s lapdog Holder just got the memo from the Russkies and the pussies in the European Union that they are going to ban this cool ammo. So banning it in our so-called Land of the Free might be a reality soon!” There is an embedded news image of a TSA agent lying dead at Los Angeles International Airport from 2013. Calvin goes on with the text of an interview he has with a disgruntled ex TSA agent code-named “Patriot X” whom Calvin met at a Washington Nationals baseball game , revealing information about shift schedules, etc. (thus establishing his bona fides and credibility) at Reagan National Airport, and how to hack TSA alerts.

Calvin’s roommate, who has a Tumblr blog that follows “Fuck the TSA,” sees this alarming post and immediately contacts Dr. Django, the Dean of Students.

Dr Django, who in addition to be being a professor is a former USDOJ (Justice Department) official, notifies Homeland Security (DHS). Django also emails Calvin after Calvin refuses to meet with he and Provost, telling him to delete the entire blog forthwith, or else be expelled. To show he’s not kidding, Django cancels Calvin’s dorm room wifi and access to the Web (the university controls the ISP access through Comcast and thus routers) and Hoya student access to any Georgetown network.

Calvin then threatens Django, saying, “My dad knows Ted Nugent and the Robertsons, and they will come here to avenge me, and neither Obama or your affirmative action black cronies will be able to protect you!” Pursuant to his power under university rules, Django issues a summary suspension pending an expulsion hearing and kicks Calvin out of the dorm. The Provost bars him from attending classes, and notifies Calvin’s parents of the decision. Calvin’s parents, though outraged, know is Tumblr password and against Calvin’s wishes delete the last post. However, they refuse to delete the entire blog.

You are on Twitter’s legal team in San Francisco . DHS and USDOJ, with cc’s to DC Metropolitan Police Department, Arlington Virginia Police and Washington Metro Airport Authority Police send you an  action directive based on “an extreme impact on public safety.” They are demanding that Twitter unilaterally close Calvin’s account due to these tweeted Tumblr posts AND that you provide DHS with the emails and contact info of anyone associated with the Twitter handles which retweeted or favorited that last post.

On the elevator, your hipster boss, who isn’t a lawyer, says “Hey I’ve got yoga at 2pm, so I don’t have time to process this stuff. In the time it takes me to get to the juice bar, bottom line me on some things.”

She asks–

A.”Is this type of censorship what you law nerds (she’s a tech nerd) call ‘prior restraint?’ If so, I thought prior restraints were prohibited by the First Amendment, period. End of story. So why not just ignore the government’s demands on that basis? “

B.”OK if I send you to US District court here to tell the government lawyers to go to hell, and they turn around and try to get an injunction to force us to close the account and give them what they want, blah blah, what kind of legal test will the judge apply to make his or her determination about these rants and threats? And then, do you think, therefore, that Calvin’s threats and the stuff he’s revealing actually can be censored, thus we might have a real problem?”

C.” Why can’t this kid and his parents just sue Georgetown for messing with his free speech rights under the First Amendment? I mean—this is COLLEGE! I though in college you have to let these little freaks say and do what they please, no matter how crazy, racist, misogynist, homophobic, xenophobic, politically incorrect, or just plain stupid, right? ”

Answer her specific questions in maybe two paragraphs a piece; show her you are a genius by including cases/cites, concepts etc. as if you have actually written a legal memo in your head!

4.In United States v. O’Brien,  391 US 367 (1968), and later in Clark v. Community for Creative Non-Violence, 468 U.S. 288 (1984), the SCOTUS gave us what test for content-neutral regulations?

  1. incitement
  2. time, place, manner
  3. least restrictive means
  4. freedom of the press
  5. news reporter’s shield rule
  6. both d and e

[ No explanations, just pick the correct answer for 4 and 5.]

5.Despite the First Amendment’s limits on Congress’s power to restrict speech, press, and media generally, the SCOTUS long ago affirmed the federal government’s right to regulate speech in TV broadcasting , but not newspapers, magazines, etc., in…

  1. CBS et. al v.FCC
  2. Breitbart Productions v. Obama
  3. Red Lion Broadcasting v. FCC
  4. Pentagon Papers
  5. AETV/”Duck Dynasty” v. Jon Stewart/”The Daily Show”/Comedy Central Productions
  6. None of the above
  1. (50 points) short essays. Get to the point, but support your explanation and analysis; use cites etc as needed. There are three (A, B, C).
  1. Besides threats, what are the LEAST protected types of speech if we were to create a “Hierarchy of Protected Expression?” What types of expression (speech) have no constitutional protection at all?
  2. Hypo: A  principal at a public high school shuts down a student run digital magazine that, while functioning as the internal high school newspaper, can ALSO be accessed by anyone (no passwords or fire wall), and presents both news and editorial content which covers general neighborhood issues (home sales, local crime, new restaurants, traffic issues—with student journalists filing real stories, images, vid) and national matters (politics, climate change, women’s rights, terrorism). His reasoning to students—

“Often there is vulgarity in the text, and the comments section of many pieces contain vicious anonymous comments about the faculty. Moreover, the local and national news sections are often just rehashes or curation from other news sources. There are plenty of professional news sources outside of this school with can serve the community. Plus, this distracts from your classroom work, where you indeed must learn the underpinnings of the social, scientific, political, economic and even entertainment issues before you, as teenagers hence still legally children, have the expertise and experience to go out and report on or comment on such issues.”

However, he never gets specific about the “vulgarity;” indeed the students show any “vulgarity” is in quotes from adults, even parents, in the hard news stories they are trying to cover. They also prove to the principal and school board that do original reporting on important local issues, and point out that they aggregate and curate less than the local major newspaper’s site, the local TV stations etc. As for anonymous comments, they show evidences that they do indeed have the right to delete comments which are offensive, and have done so, but any that have appeared “slipped through the cracks.”

How might the principal’s decision survive a First Amendment challenge by students and their parents?

  1. [NOTE on Hypo: this is a real Charlie Hebdo cartoon—the newspaper/media outlet recently attacked by extremists in Paris—the tag in the cartoon, in English, says “Hands off our welfare!” (welfare as in payments). The subjects of the cartoon, unfortunately, are the young women kidnapped by the Muslim extremist breakaway group in Nigeria, Boko Haram. Many of the young women, and girls, have been forced to “marry” to Boko Haram insurgents/terrorists…]

Hypo: You are a legal advisor to a Charlie Hebdo-like satirical Web magazine (almost like the Onion but it lampoons current news items) called CharlieChump.com . The magazine publishes this cartoon (pretend it’s the magazine’s original, in English etc).

Because of the tragic nature of the Boko Haram girls’ kidnapping, and the fact that 2,000 people were murdered by Boko Haram and the US media barely covered it, you are a bit skittish that the staff published it on the Web without talking to you first, as they are supposed to do. Indeed, Facebook and Twitter are on fire in condemning CharlieChump. Not just for the subject matter of the cartoon—making fun of tragedy—but the depiction of young black girls as ugly, big -lipped loud creatures…pregnant and demanding welfare. The Nigerian Embassy is pressing the State Department; the NAACP is going crazy. Your only defenders are Rush Limbaugh on the radio, and Bill O’Reilley on Fox News—and that’s not the demographic CharlieChump is looking for.

Your headquarters, as are many tech/media/web-based entities, is in San Francisco. The liberal-progressive Mayor and City Council is ready to pass an ordinance seemingly aimed at you, and based on European anti-hate speech and Holocaust denier laws, etc.

The draft bill says, in pertinent part “any firm, group, individual, corporation, LLP, LLC, etc. operating in the city limits publishing any piece of content disseminated to the public by any electronic/digital medium, or newsbox, billboard, flyers etc. that derides, defames, abuses, distorts, holds up to mockery any person’s or group’s race, ethnicity, religion, nationality, or gender/sexual orientation etc. shall be subject to, upon verified complaint by a resident of the city and investigation by the city attorney, a penalty of immediate summary forfeiture of that entity’s business’s license, and a civil fine of $1,000 for each occurrence.”

The fine part isn’t as bad as the business license forfeiture.

The ACLU (American Civil Liberties Union) holds it nose (because it thinks you are jackasses but they often help jackasses) and says it wants to fight it; several big law firms with large First Amendment/Constitutional law practices offer to rep you pro bono.

But you, being a UMUC grad and thus prepared, say no, you alone will go testify against passage of the ordinance in scheduled hearings tomorrow.

Briefly, what might some of your learned and scholarly First Amendment-related main points be?

 

Criminal Justice System

From the Argosy University online library resources:

Consider your readings so far and answer the following questions.

  • How do you balance the ideals and principles set forth in the Constitution with the realities discussed in the articles presented to you?
  • What role does the crime control perspective play in your thinking regarding the application of the Constitution?
  • Is justice applied fairly when crime control is taken into perspective? Why or why not?

This assignment should be at 1500 words and double spaced. All CJA papers should be submitted using APA format, i.e., Times New Roman 12, double spaced with title page and reference page

Establishing a Security Program

Justification for Establishing a Security Program in Your Organization

The motivation for security reviews and assessments is changing and, consequently, the nature of security assessments is changing. The practice of risk analysis is relatively less developed in the field of homeland security than in other areas. Although there are numerous reasons that account for this, two primary reasons are:

  • The dynamic nature of terrorism and the ability of terrorists to successfully adapt to countermeasures.
  • The lack of a database on terrorist attacks, which necessitates reliance on intelligence and terrorist experts for probabilistic assessments on different types of terrorist attacks against critical assets or regions.

Tasks:

Consider your readings so far and answer the following questions:

  • How would you resolve a security issue in a situation where the need for security is great but the available funds are limited?
  • What are the benefits if personnel in security management develop skills as educators for their organization’s security? Analyze and explain your point of view.
  • Why are security programs relevant? What is the single most important asset of a security program?
  • What could be the primary target of a potential terrorist in the United States? If you are asked to provide the risk and compliance manager one suggestion to secure the target, what would it be and why?

Your answers should be written in a 3–5-page Microsoft Word document. Use a minimum of three scholarly resources from the Argosy University online library for reference. Use APA in-text citations to cite the sources.

The Patriot Act

Controversy Surrounding the Patriot Act

The USA Patriot Act was created to protect the United States against terrorism. The USA Patriot Act is an extensive piece of legislation that includes amendments to many other laws. The act has proved to be controversial because of the way it was introduced after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the U.S. Since Congress at that time was extremely receptive to increasing law enforcement capabilities to fight terrorism, it passed the Patriot Act with virtually no debate.

One of the controversial sections of the act extends the capabilities of law enforcement to searching and wiretapping and includes provisions for gag orders. While conducting a search, the law enforcement officials are provided the authority to curtail certain rights of the subject of the search.

Also, the law enforcement authorities may not disclose any information to the media or other authorities while conducting the search. The investment of such powers to law enforcement authorities has been praised by some and criticized by others.

For more information on the USA Patriot Act review the website http://www.

justice.gov/archive/ll/highlights.htm.

Tasks:

Write a paper comprising 3–5 pages, keeping in mind the following points:

  • Analyze the impact the USA Patriot Act has had on security management in the private and government sectors.
  • Analyze at least two principle legal complaints about constitutional rights.
  • Analyze at least two benefits that accrue to individuals attempting to use the USA Patriot Act to pursue terrorists to improve security in the United States.

Use at least three scholarly resources from the Argosy University online library to support your paper. Use APA in-text citations to cite the sources.

CONTRACT ANALYSIS

CONTRACT ANALYSIS ASSIGNMENT

 You are required to find a contact to analyze and examine for legal issues. The contract could be found online or as a hard copy included in a face-to-face transaction or with a letter. Try to use a contract that you have personally agreed to in a prior transaction or that would be part of a planned future transaction. Evaluate the contract using concepts from the course. For example, what method would the offeree be required to use to indicate acceptance? You can also comment on issues not mentioned in the contract – what are the consequences of being silent about a matter? Explain how these matters affect (beneficial /detrimental) the offeror or offeree. You should be able to identify at least four legal issues you have studied in this course.

Your analysis must be double-spaced, font size 12 and between 500 to 1000 words in length. (1) Analyze the legal issues. (2) Explain the law. (3) Describe any possible impact on the parties. Include a copy of the contract as an addendum to your evaluation. You will lose points if you do not include the contract. (50 points)

GRADING RUBRIC

Writing assignments will be graded on the analysis, coherence, and editing (grammar and mechanical correctness).

Research Paper

Using research on the Internet and various Strayer library journals or databases, research FEMA directors’ actions over the past thirty (30) years during major U.S. emergencies and crises.

Write a five to eight (5-8) page paper in which you:

  1. Select one (1) FEMA director whom you believe performed admirably during a major U.S. emergency or crisis. Next, analyze the role this director took during the emergency or crisis. Provide a rationale for your response.
  2. Select one (1) FEMA director whom you believe performed below standards during a major U.S. emergency or crisis. Next, analyze the role this director took during the emergency or crisis. Provide a rationale for your response.
  3. Determine one (1) major decision that each director you selected from Question 1 and Question 2 made which changed the course of recovery from the disaster dramatically. Next, evaluate the level and extent that this decision affected disaster recovery. Provide a rationale for your response.
  4. Use at least three (3) quality references. Note: Wikipedia and other related websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow 6th edition APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

Paralegal Practice

Paralegal Practice

Compare and contrast the fundamental types of questions that a paralegal would ask a potential client versus a potential witness in a cause of action. Next, discuss whether the paralegal is under any obligation to disclose the fact that he / she is not an attorney to either the potential client or the potential witness. Justify your positions.

Discuss the major differences between an opinion letter, a legal memorandum, and a legal brief. Next, identify the primary audience of each legal document, and discuss the persuasive authority of each. Support your opinion.

Original work only will be checked by 3 sources including Turnitin

Please be detail in your response and any cites or references used.

Organized crime

Organized crime is defined as a group with a formal structure whose primary activity is to obtain money through illegal activities, including drug trafficking. It affects ordinary citizens by disrupting the economy, causing neighborhood violence, and corrupting law enforcement officials.

For this week’s discussion, please respond to each of the following:

  • The textbook lists a number of different activities that organized criminal elements are involved in.  Some of these activities involve the so-called victimless crimes.  Provide and explain at least three examples of these victimless crimes.  What is your opinion based on legalizing these types of crimes?  Make sure that you provide support for your opinion.
  • What can be done to prevent and reduce organized crime? Give two examples and tell why you think they would be effective.  Make sure that you provide support for your answer.

Introduction to Law Enforcement

We suggest that you write or print out the essay questions for handy reference as you develop your responses. Be sure to submit your essay exam in one WORD document and place it in the appropriate assignment dropbox. Although there is no set word limit for your answers, we require that you fully explain your responses. Answer the following questions based upon the following statement. The Kansas City Gun Experiment in 1992 – 1993 used intensive police patrols directed to an 80-block hotspot area where the homicide rate was 20 times the national average. It represented a unique approach to crime prevention through preventive patrol. Is this approach different from traditional patrol? If so how? If not, how is it similar? What did patrol officers in this experiment do that was different from what basic patrol officers do? What was the relationship between the officers in this experiment and other patrol officers? This experiment was a one-time special project. Could this approach be integrated into a police department on a permanent basis? What problems would you anticipate? How could those problems be overcome through careful planning and administration? Could the tactics used in Kansas City work in the environment of today? Are there any police strategies in use today that employ the tactics, either in total or in part that were used in Kansas City? Could they be successful? Define success as you envision it. Do some police departments still engage in the aggressive preventative patrol strategies that led to the urban riots of the 1960s and the publishing of the 1968 Kerner Commission Report? Are there any similarities or differences between those strategies and the strategies used in the Kansas City Gun Experiment? How has policing changed since the 1960s? What strategies, tactics or philosophies in use today can be said to be the same? What can be said to be different? What should police do today to reduce the potential for urban riots occurring again? Compose your work using a word processor (or other software as appropriate) and save it frequently to your computer. When you’re ready to submit your work, click Browse My Computer and find your file. Once you’ve located your file click Open and, if successful, the file name will appear under the Attached files heading. Scroll to the bottom of the page, click Submit and you’re done. Be sure to check your work and correct any spelling or grammatical errors before you post it.

Health Policy

Individual Project   2-3 pages
Senior executives from a variety of organizations are often called to testify about health policy issues (as you saw in Unit 3’s group project about the U.S. congressional hearing). It is in the organization’s best interest if these executives are both politically competent and good corporate citizens.

  1. In general terms, what knowledge, skills, and individual behaviors must an executive have to be politically competent and to be good corporate citizens?
  2. Think about the witness whose testimony you summarized for the group project. Did he or she demonstrate political competence? Explain.
  3. Think about a particular health care organization’s corporate citizenship. How would you describe it (e.g., “good,” “average,” or “poor”)? What did the organization do (or not do) to achieve this level of corporate citizenship?

Americans with Disabilities Act

Review the key federal legislation, particularly the following:

  • Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • The Civil Rights Act of 1991
  • The Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972
  • Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967
  • Americans with Disabilities Act
  • The Immigration Reform & Control Act of 1986
  • Fair Labor Standards Act

Create a PowerPoint presentation for a meeting to review these laws. In your PowerPoint presentation, explain to the key managers how these laws impact the recruitment and selection process. Be aware of any other state laws that may have additional requirements.

  • In your discussion, explain how the laws intertwine. In addition, explain the repercussions for noncompliance.
  • Explain how the number of employees in the company affects the company’s status if the company is not in compliance.
  • Use the library, Internet, and other resources to research your response.
  • For more information on creating PowerPoint presentations, please visit the PowerPoint Lab.

Please refer to the following multimedia course material(s):

  • Unit 1
    • Human Resource Management
    • Recruitment and Selection Tool
    • Planning
    • Equal Employment and The Law
    • The Role of Human Resources
    • The Value of Compensation and Benefits
  • Deliverable Length:

8-10 PowerPoint slides with notes
1-2 references

Crime and Ethical Standards

LASA 1: Crime and Ethical Standards

Since you have demonstrated your knowledge about criminal justice so well, the chief of police has another assignment for you. Chief Draper wants you to review a specific case and assess the arresting officer’s conduct. To prepare your report, you consider certain factors, such as the societal factors that may have influenced the suspect’s behavior, the role of the government in terms of protecting both society and an individual’s rights, and the ethical standards that govern law enforcement.

Here’s What Happened . . .

Centervale police officer Lance Marconi responded to a call for service from a high-end retailer, who reported that an unkempt woman wearing disheveled, dirty, and torn clothing left the store without paying for items she selected while shopping in the Misses Clothing Department. The store manager reported that the woman failed to respond to any verbal prompts made to her by store associates.

As Officer Marconi drove toward the store, he noticed a woman matching her description walking along the side of the road, carrying what appeared to be clothing. Once the officer reached the location of the woman, he recognized her—Mary Jones—as being an individual he had arrested several times before for public drunkenness, resisting arrest, possession of a controlled substance, felony larceny, and prostitution. Officer Marconi anticipated that this could be a very challenging situation because Jones did not like law enforcement, tended to be aggressive, and had, in the past, run as soon as she saw a police cruiser. Marconi called for backup and asked Jones to stop as he stepped out of his vehicle. She started to run, but he caught up with her very quickly.

Jones struggled with Officer Marconi on the ground, although he managed to humanely subdue her and place her in handcuffs. Officer Marconi called the incident into Communications and placed the suspect in his cruiser. He then gathered the clothing items dropped by the suspect along the side of the road. He noticed the items had price tags displaying the name of the retailer who reported the initial incident to law enforcement. During transport, Jones yelled and became very agitated.

When she arrived at the police department, Jones was very upset. She tried to hurt herself by banging her head on the desk as the officer tried to interview her about the alleged larceny report. It was clear to Officer Marconi that Jones was under the influence of drugs, so he discontinued the interview process. Marconi requested emergency medical services, and Jones was taken by ambulance to the hospital.

Here’s What You Need To Do . . .

After carefully reviewing the case details, prepare a 2- to 3-page report assessing whether the procedures (both legal and ethical) were followed appropriately. Use the  Online Library resources to find articles that support your assessment. You may also use your textbook. Your report should address the following:

  • Select one of the crimes Jones has been previously charged with (e.g., public drunkenness, resisting arrest, possession of a controlled substance, felony larceny, or prostitution).
    • What type of crime is it (misdemeanor or felony)?
    • How is this crime defined in the state in which you live?
    • How might societal factors have influenced this suspect’s crimes?
  • Analyze how the purpose of government and the social contract might protect the rights (e.g., safety and security) of the suspect in this case.
  • Compare the various roles Officer Marconi must play in this case. Consider that Marconi must enforce the law and protect the suspect from harm at the same time.
  • Analyze how a law enforcement officer’s actions might be influenced if he or she is arresting an “unsympathetic suspect or victim,” specifically a suspect or victim who the officer has arrested before or who engages in a high-risk lifestyle, such as substance abuse, drug dealing, or prostitution. Justify whether Officer Marconi acted accordingly.
  • How might the criminal justice professional maintain ethical standards when working with diverse populations?
  • Once charged, what rights does the defendant, Jones, have?

 

Be sure to organize your paper into clear and concise paragraphs. You should read the grading rubric before starting your paper to ensure you cover all the material appropriately. Include an APA-formatted reference page that links to your in-text citations.

Employment law

The Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) was designed to protect workers with disabilities against employer discrimination. As a group discuss the following:

  • In actual practice, how well does the Act achieve this goal? Explain. Support your answer with examples from recent court decisions.

Submit a summary of the your consensus.

Employment Law

  1. What is the significance of the Pregnancy Discrimination Act?
  2. Can you share with the class if you, your friend or colleague was pregnant at work and has ever been a target of discrimination?
  3. What is the best possible course of action to take when one is the target of pregnancy discrimination?
  4. Can a company ever consider pregnancy in its employment decisions? Explain.

Modes of Death

Assignment:
This week you will reflect upon the “Modes of Death” and answer the following question:

  1. The homicide detective is familiar with the manner, means, and mode of the eight most common kinds of death. Explain your understanding of these areas.
  2. For this question, identify in writing the nature and extent of gunshot wounds and the characteristics of the wounds such as searing, reentry, ricocheting, and the bullet track. Describe each one and how they are inflicted.
  3. Compare and contrast the following modes by telling of their characteristics in cause of death:
    – A cutting wound
    – A stabbing wound
    – Death by asphyxia
    – Death by arson
  • Length:
    • 1,500 words (5-7 pages); answers must thoroughly address the questions in a clear, concise manner
  • Structure:
    • Include a title page and reference page in APA style
  • References:
    • References are not required; however, you should include the appropriate APA style in-text citations and references for all resources utilized to answer the questions
  • Format:
    • Save your assignment as a Microsoft Word (.doc or .docx), Open Office (.odt) or rich text format (.rtf) file type

The Pledge of Allegiance

Religion and Politics have traditional been highly debated topics in our society. Recently, the Pledge of Allegiance has added to this debate.
 
American citizens have generally recited the Pledge of Allegiance at important ceremonies ranging from presidential inaugurations to the beginning of the school day. The pledge has a great deal of sentimental value to many Americans, but also creates a great deal of controversy for others.
 
Review the Supreme Court case Elk Grove Unified School District v. Newdow, which highlights the debate.
Write a five to eight (5-8) page paper in which you:

  1. Summarize the salient points of the Supreme Court case Elk Grove Unified School District v. Newdow.
  2. Discuss the levels of the court through which the case evolved before it reached the Supreme Court.
  3. Explain the decision of the Supreme Court in this case in brief.
  4. Explain the fundamental impact that the court decision in question has had on American society in general and on ethics in American society in particular. Provide a rationale for the response.
  5. Discuss whether you believe that the recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance is a religious issue or a sign of respect for the United States.
  6. Discuss whether or not you think public schools should be allowed to recite the pledge.
  7. Use at least three (3) quality academic resources. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

Business Law Research – Recent Court Decisions

Visit the Cornell Law School Legal Information Institute at http://www.law.cornell.edu

This site offers an overview of negotiable instruments law, federal and state statutes and regulations, and federal and state court decisions. Using this site, search for “negotiable instruments”.

Choose one of the cases listed (not the results from US Code).

Write a 1-2 page summary discussing the case, explaining the court’s decision, and relating the information to the materials covered in this week’s readings.

Be sure to document the case you choose to use by listing the name of parties involved, dates of decision (if given), along with appropriate APA citations of the website URL.

Case Study – Chase Estate Suit

In a 1-2 page Microsoft Word document, address the following case:

Several weeks after a depositor’s death, Chase Manhattan Bank paid 12 checks on the deceased depositor’s account. The depositor’s signature on the checks had been forged. The estate sued Chase, and Chase sued the estate’s attorneys.

The estate’s attorneys advised Chase of the depositor’s death. Three weeks before Chase paid any of the forged checks, the attorney’s gave Chase a copy of the death certificate and a court order to examine his deposit box.

Of the parties mentioned, is anyone liable?

Hilary Case

  • Assignment: Hilary Case

Review the case file titled “Hilary Case,” found below these instructions.
Write a five to six (5-6) page paper in which you:

  1. Draft a legal memorandum in which you discuss the likelihood of a successfully recovery by your client.
  2. Write a summary of the main steps that you, as the paralegal, need to take in order to prepare the Hilary Case for trial.
  3. Describe two (2) issues that would cause you to reach out to the supervising attorney for help.
  4. Draft a letter to the supervising attorney in which you recommend the settlement of the Hilary Case.
  5. Use at least two (2) quality references. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not quality as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Use the rules for citation form for primary and secondary authorities as well as the use of signals such as id., supra, infra, etc.
  • Analyze what paralegals do, the career choices available to paralegals, their role in the legal profession, and the need for continuing education and training.
  • Examine the paralegal workplace, tasks, and functions of a paralegal and accounting procedures in the law office.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in paralegal studies.
  • Write clearly and concisely about paralegal studies using proper writing mechanics.

Cultural, Ethical, and Other Considerations Impacting Research Efforts

Assignment 2: LASA 1: Cultural, Ethical, and Other Considerations Impacting Research Efforts

Assignment 2: LASA 1: Cultural, Ethical, and Other Considerations Impacting Research Efforts

Charles Draper, Centervale’s Chief of Police, must introduce policies that positively impact the control and management of illegal immigration in his city. He is without the knowledge base needed to develop policy and has turned to you for assistance with research in one of the following areas:

  • Surveillance techniques: Chief Draper is aware of many surveillance techniques that can be utilized in tracking and controlling illegal immigrants in his city. The Chief would like information regarding the most successful surveillance techniques as demonstrated in published research. Specifically, you are to research and address, but are not limited to, the following surveillance technique examples: vehicle tracking, cell phone, e-mail, background checks, and computer and surveillance techniques.
  • Crime mapping: Chief Draper knows that many law enforcement agencies use crime-data mapping generated from within their own communities to allocate resources, as indicated by the data. In particular, the Chief would like to know how the data are generated and then how the data are applied to police tactics. Your research should include but is not limited to the following crime mapping areas: geographic information systems, census demographics, geographical profiles, and community and other crime mapping techniques.
  • Staffing needs: Draper believes that the problems associated with illegal immigration require quick response times, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. He’s not sure that his staff is properly allocated for optimal response times. What types of research data and studies can the Chief consult? Where can he find the best resources to support the various shift and staffing patterns if and when the Chief decides to reallocate his staff? Specifically, you are to explore asset mapping which is a technique for determining what assets (human, organizational and fiscal) are available in the police department to address the key issue of illegal immigration used to provide the background information needed to conduct the staffing review and suggest appropriate changes to the existing policy.

Here’s What You Need To Do . . .

You are to specifically cite and reference the various resources available to address these critical areas so that the Chief has the appropriate research to make policy recommendations based on what you have presented.

In reference to this assignment, please be as comprehensive as possible in analyzing, evaluating and presenting your objective findings that potentially will have current and future policy implications. Your interpretation should be based on the findings, as well as, evaluating the current situation and applying research findings to support and/or reject the Chief’s request for information in these respective critical areas.

Based on the media-based research data matrix you created in Module 2, select one of the research areas identified above and prepare a 5–6 page memo to Chief Draper that addresses the Chief’s concerns. In your memo you must:

  • Recommend research approaches or options that could fulfill the Chief’s information needs.
  • Provide a comparison of the two types of research designs that seem most appropriate for the Chief’s information needs supported by data from your media-based research data matrix.
  • Recommend good/reliable data sources.

Given the sensitive and possible controversial nature of the policy, provide advice on cultural, ethical, or other considerations that could impact research efforts and results. The following databases are available to support your research.

  1. American Academy of Forensic Sciences
  2. International Association for Identification
  3. Law Enforcement National Data Exchange
  4. National Criminal Justice Reference Service
  5. National Institute of Justice

Methadone Maintenance Treatment—Helpful or Harmful?

Replacement therapies tend to be the most controversial of all treatments for substance abuse and dependence. In particular, methadone maintenance has been the focus of much controversy and debate.

Mary was a chronic heroin user, but eventually she hit “rock bottom” and decided to get help. Mary goes to a methadone clinic every day to get her methadone dose for the day. She is happy to be sober from heroin. However, her family does not understand. They see that Mary is still taking a drug every day and view her as still being dependent.

Using your textbook and the Argosy University online library resources, research the controversy of methadone maintenance treatment for heroin users.
 Answer the following:

  • In what ways is the treatment helpful or harmful?
  • Is this a successful treatment for heroin dependence? Why or why not?

Hate Crimes

Hate Crimes is the subject

In Week 2, you submitted your Topic Selection and Proposal. Throughout the length of the course, you have read about your topic, increased your knowledge about your topic, and gathered credible information while conducting research on your topic. Now, you get to consolidate all of your research and assignments into one deliverable final Research Project.
The Basics of APA Style Tutorial is helpful in writing your paper.
Write a four to six (4-6) page paper in which you:

  1. Give a brief explanation of your chosen topical area.
  2. Based on your chosen topic, define the problems and challenges that exist in crime and criminology. Explain the historical issues that have contributed to the problems and challenges.
  3. Address the internal and external stakeholders and how they contribute to both the problems and the solutions in crime and criminology.
  4. Discuss the data and information that you have collected while conducting research on your topic. Discuss how the data relates to the problems and challenges in crime and criminology.
  5. Develop a solution that addresses the problems and challenges in crime and criminology, based on your research.
  6. Use at least eight (6) scholarly sources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia, Ask.com, Answers.com and general websites do not qualify as scholarly.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
 

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

Subject I picked was Hate Crimes

The Uniform Electronic Transactions Act (UETA)

Unit 6 Discussion Business Law

Topic 1: The Impact of UETA
Week 6 Discussion: Contracts – The Uniform Electronic Transactions Act (UETA)
Candie, CARDWARE’s model, advertised a one-of-a-kind black and white llama sweater that had an iPod slot on the inside left panel. The ad was placed online and read as follows:
FOR SALE:
One-of-a-kind black and white llama sweater as modeled by Candie Cardware. Worn only once in Barcelona’s Fashionista Extravaganza Fashion Show. Includes iPod. $450. Free shipping.
Contact me if interested at CCmodeling.com.
For some reason, the word “slot” that was to follow the word “iPod” was cut off of and did not appear in the ad as Candie had intended. Delilah saw the ad and thought, “wow what a bargain! A one-of-a-kind Candie Cardware sweater and an iPod for $450 is something that cannot be beat.” Delilah immediately emailed her reply to Candie as follows: “What a great buy! I’ll take it. Please make sure the iPod is securely wrapped. Let’s meet so I can give you the amount of purchase in cash.” [Signed Delilah]
Candie replied to Delilah, “I’m sorry there is no iPod with the sweater. It was supposed to be iPod slot.” [Signed Candie]
Discussion Question: For this week’s discussion, 1) discuss whether or not there was a contract, 2) discuss the applicable provisions of UETA concerning the meaning and records of signatures, and 3) discuss whether the above facts place the issue within the jurisdiction of UETA.
Discussion Guidelines: Your initial response should fully address all of the discussion assignment questions and be: insightful; original and accurate; substantive; demonstrate an advanced understanding of concepts; and compile/synthesize theories and concepts drawn from a variety of sources to support your discussion, analysis and conclusions. Please be specific in your initial response and be sure to use cited research to specific credible primary and secondary sources of authority to support your discussion, analysis and legal conclusions. In addition, be sure to post three to five substantive responses to other students over at least three days of the discussion period.
Your work should identify, utilize, discuss and apply the relevant concepts and doctrines which were explained in the weekly reading material in a way that reflects a proficient understanding and application of those concepts and doctrines. Finally, your responses should reflect the kind of writing craftsmanship and ethical scholarship with the following characteristics: you wrote in a clear, concise, formal and organized manner; your responses were error free; and the information used to support your discussion and analysis was appropriately paraphrased and supported by specifically cited research.
In addition, you should remain actively engaged in the class discussion and your subsequent discussion responses should: offer points of view supported by cited research; ask challenging questions that promote and advance the class discussion; and draw relationships between one or more points in the discussion.
Just fully answer the questions no word limits

Business Law

Unit 7 Assignment Business Law

Cardigan History

CARDWARE is growing by leaps and bounds. It has now opened 10 new stores nationwide under the name “The Sporty One.” It has been agreed by the Board of Directors at CARDWARE Inc. that each store shall have a general manager and assistant manager who both were to act as sales persons and one additional sales person. The slogan the store advertises its sports ware with is “You don’t have to be an athlete to look and feel like one.” The current sports ware that “The Sporty One” carries shows a clothing distribution of 60% for females and 40% of its line is for males. However, it would eventually like for it to be a 50/50 distribution. The Cardigans research has demonstrated that the trend has been more female than male shoppers. Further, following the marketing theory of many high end clothing stores, CARDWARE prefers slender, young employees to work for it, so that the clothing line can keep with the image of being sporty.

Petunia Rotunda, a middle aged, slightly plump woman saw an ad online for a salesperson for The Sporty One and applied for the position. The ad read as follows:

WANTED: Salesperson experienced in retail sales or marketing preferred, energetic, youthful, athletic, and able to “sport” the clothing lines of The Sporty One with style. The Sporty One is a division of CARDWARE Inc. and proud to be an Equal Opportunity Employer.

Petunia has had 5 years of retail experience working in a garden shop that did have some flannel shirts and aprons as well as gardening gloves for sale. Noah Dahl, a college graduate in marketing also saw the ad and applied for the salesperson position at The Sporty One. Noah, a slender racquetball player has not had any retail experience but has had customer service experience for an online gaming company.

After interviewing both applicants, CARDWARE’s General Manager, Chloe, one of the cousins of the Cardigan clan has decided to hire Noah. Petunia was outraged claiming that she should have been hired and that she has been discriminated against based on her age. CARDWARE contends that Noah was more qualified as per the advertisement as well as company image and future plans for the company; age had nothing to do with it.

Noah began work the following week. Still angry, Petunia visited The Sporty One. She began to harass Noah to the point where other customers started to leave the store. Having had enough insults, Noah grabbed Petunia by the arm and shoved her towards the door. She stumbled and ran into one of the clothing racks and thereafter knocked over 92-year-old Hetty Whitestone who was passing by the mall store. Hetty suffered a concussion and died.

Using the above facts given, please label with headings and discuss the following in this order:

PART I:

  • Did CARDWARE have genuine BFOQs (Bona Fide Occupational Job Qualifications) in its ad?
  • Do not forget to review the company’s slogan as given in the above facts.
  • Be sure to discuss Petunia’s point of view as well as CARDWARE’s position and defenses.
  • Use legal authority to support your position as well.

PART II:

  • If Petunia brings a lawsuit based on negligence against CARDWARE and The Sporty One, will CARDWARE be responsible for Noah’s behavior? If so, under what theory?
  • What defenses might CARDWARE assert?
  • If Hetty Whitestone’s estate claims that CARDWARE should be responsible for Hetty’s death, will it?
  • What defenses might CARDWARE utilize?

Directions for Submitting Your Assignment:

Before you submit your Assignment, you should save your work on your computer in a location and with a name that you will remember. Make sure your Assignment is in the appropriate format (Word), then, when you are ready, you may submit on the Dropbox page.

Paper Submissions:

APA manuscript style dictates how your paper should appear on the page. For more information on APA style, visit http://www.apastyle.org/faqs.html

There are two types of APA manuscripts: Copy manuscripts (those submitted for publication) and final manuscripts (those not submitted for publication). Copy manuscripts are much more formal and may contain multiple sections. Specifically, they will have an abstract (a 1-paragraph summary of the paper). The papers you produce for most Kaplan University classes will be final manuscripts. Unlike copy manuscripts, final manuscripts do not, unless specifically required by an instructor, require an abstract.

They do include:

  • A title page
  • The paper itself (the discussion)
  • A references page

A title page contains three items: A running head (a short version of the title), the paper’s title, and the author’s name. Traditionally, the author’s affiliation (the university he or she attends or works for) appears below the author’s name; however, many college instructors prefer students to put the course and section number in this place (because we all know which institution we are attending). The running title appears in the top right corner of every page, including the title page, right before the page number. The title, the author’s name, and the author’s affiliation (or course and section number) appear in the center of the title page.

Additional Helpful Assignment Reminders:

Be sure to avoid the use of first person. Instead convey your research utilizing third person.

  • Keep all font color consistent throughout. If you copy and paste a link and it is in blue, hover your mouse over the link, right click, and select “REMOVE HYPERLINK” to keep the font color black like the rest of your submission.
  • Use size 12 Times New Roman font.
  • Utilize in-text citations. If a reference is listed in your reference page, it must be included within the body of your submission as well.
  • Prepare an APA formatted reference page.
  • Proofread your submission for any grammatical or sentence structure errors. Also, please refer to the rubric for this Assignment to make sure you have included that which you will be graded over before placing the same into the Dropbox.
  • Submit your Assignment in a timely manner.
  • Do not hesitate to ask for assistance should you need it.

Business Law

Security Plus and Stone Quarries entered into a written sales agreement providing that Security would sell and install new security equipment described on an equipment list attached to the contract.  The list included a Sony video cassette recorder (VCR).  When the system was installed, Security installed a used Sharp VCR.  Quarry called Security the day after the installation and complained that the equipment was not a Sony and was used, not new.  Security told Quarry that the equipment was not used and that a Sharp VCR was better than a Sony.  Quarry telephoned Security personnel over a two week period during which they denied that the equipment was used.
After two weeks of calls, Security’s installation manager went to Quarry’s premises to see the equipment and admitted that it was used.  No one from Security advised Quarry in advance that it was installing used equipment temporarily until the right equipment arrived.  Security offered to replace it with a new Sony VCR as soon as one arrived, which would take one or two months.  Quarry asked Security to return its deposit and take the equipment back, but Security refused.  Quarry put all the equipment in boxes and stored it. Security sued Quarry for breach of contract.  Quarry filed a counterclaim, alleging breach of contract.  Security asserted that it had the right to replace the Sharp VCR within the month or two after Quarry rejected it, and thus it was not in breach of the contract.  Discuss whether or not Security is correct.

Business Law

After lengthy telephone negotiations, Bernstein and Metal Manufacturers (MM) entered into an agreement whereby MM agreed to sell Bernstein 20,000 pounds of nickel cathodes at $4.60 per pound.  To secure the deal, Bernstein promised to send MM a check for $20,000, which MM was to hold in escrow until the nickel cathodes were ready for shipment.  About a month later, Bernstein sent a letter confirming the oral negotiations and enclosed a $20,000 check as a “good faith deposit”. Bernstein also indicated in his letter that the check was to be held in escrow awaiting preparation of the nickel cathodes.  When MM attempted to deposit Bernstein’s $20,000 check in an escrow account, it was rejected by the bank because Bernstein had stopped payment on it.  MM immediately ceased production of the nickel cathodes.  Subsequently, Bernstein purchased 20,000 pounds of nickel cathodes on the open market at a price substantially higher than the price it had contracted to pay MM.  Bernstein then sued to recover this difference in price.  What argument does MM have to defend against Bernstein’s suit?  Who will succeed?

Business law ethics paper

For this assignment, you will consider the consequences of acting ethically or unethically.  After carefully reading the supplemental ethics materials (Jennings handout), discuss fully the ethical issues related to this case.  (1) Categorize the ethical dilemma(s), (2) examine the matter from the various parties’ perspectives, and finally, (3) discuss whether or not the entrustment rule can be justified from an ethical point of view.
You will also be graded on grammar, spelling and punctuation.  Your answer must be typed (double-spaced, font size 12) and between 500 to 1000 words in length.  This assignment is to be added to your “iWeb Folio” file.
GRADING RUBRIC
Writing assignments will be graded on the depth of the arguments, the analysis, coherence, and editing (grammar and mechanical correctness).  (50 points)
THE CASE
Toby and Rita Kagen donated some used clothing to Community Charities, Inc which sells used clothing and household items to raise money for charitable programs.  They were not aware that a small bag containing their sterling silver had been accidentally included within one of the bags of donated clothing.  The silverware, which was valued at over $3,500, had been given to them twenty-seven years earlier by Rita’s father as a wedding present and had great sentimental value for them.
The Kagens realized what had happened shortly after Toby returned from Community Charities, but when Toby called Community Charities, he was told that the silver had immediately been sold to a customer, Karen Makefield, for $15.  Although Community Charities called Makefield and asked her to return the silver, Makefield refused to return it.  The Kagens then brought an action against Makefield to regain the silver, claiming that Makefield did not have good title to it.  If the silver is lost property, the Kagens will be entitled to the return of the silver.  If the silver is deemed to be entrusted to Community Charities and Makefield is a good faith purchaser, the Kagens will not have the right to recover the silver from Makefield.

Analyzing a National or Global Healthcare Policy

Option #1: Analyzing a National or Global Healthcare Policy
For the wrap-up of this course, it’s time to weave together the knowledge that you have gained; the goal of this project is to integrate the previous Critical Thinking assignments into an interconnected exploration of a specific healthcare policy.
For the Portfolio Project, you will complete a two-part assignment (further explained below).   Create the documents in the vein of a presentation that you might share with a community group that is having a policy explained for the first time; pretend that the group has no knowledge of what happens behind the scenes to create and implement a healthcare policy.  You will not actually be required to present this to a group, but prepare the project so that it would be acceptable for an audience of that nature.
The two documents are as follows:

  1. A mind map (via the Text 2 Mind Map site) depicting the essential points and subpoints of your topic. Think of the mind map as a visual outline that addresses the questions listed below.
  2. A narrative explanation that covers the rationale, research, and processes involved in creating this healthcare policy. The narrative essay should serve as the commentary to accompany the mind map if it were being presented to the group mentioned above; it should be 4-5 pages in length.

Reference the content here and all previous assignments before making your selection below.
Instructions:
In this Portfolio Project, you will analyze a national and global healthcare policy.  Select a specific federal healthcare policy (other than the Affordable Care Act) to review. Provide information related to the following points:

  • What was the name and introduction process of the original policy?
  • What research was conducted and/or analyzed to determine the need for the policy?
  • How was the policy promoted or lobbied against at the federal level?
  • What is the impact, or intended impact, of the policy? Consider the viewpoints of multiple stakeholders, and include financial impact.
  • How does this policy affect other healthcare policies?
  • Explain any moral or ethical implications of this policy.
  • Are any other countries currently working toward a similar policy or has another country successfully passed a similar policy?  Is the process similar or different?

Adhere to the following standards:

  • The narrative should be 4-5 pages in length, not including the title or references pages.
  • Review the grading rubric, which can be accessed from the Week 8 Folder.
  • Be sure to follow the CSU-Global Guide to Writing and APA Requirements.
  • Support your interpretation with evidence from at least four peer-reviewed journal articles, other than the article provided here. It’s helpful to search for articles from the CSU-Global Library.
  • When you complete the Mind Map, you will be given a web address specifically created for the map. Type this web address at the top of the first page of your narrative, and then submit. Note that you will be given a web address, as well as a view-only web address. The first address, which is not view-only, is the one that should be submitted.

 

ethical dilemma

Does Susan have an ethical obligation to disclose the information about Jerry to the City Planning Commission?

After carefully reading the supplemental ethics materials (Jennings handout), discuss fully the ethical issues related to this case.  (1) Categorize the ethical dilemma(s), (2) examine the matter from other perspectives, (3) describe any possible rationalizations, and finally, (4) use at least one of the ethics models to resolve the situation. Your answer must be typed (double-spaced, font size 12) and between 500 to 1000 words in length.
 

Victimology

Here are the questions for Article 4! Please Post an “answer post” to one of the questions given below and make sure to note the question number in the subject line (points will be deducted for improper or no question number indicated).
BE SURE TO DEFEND YOUR ANSWER FOR TOP POINTS!  You must cite any material taken from any source in your posts (zero points will be given per post that you do not cite in and/or points will be deducted if you do not cite properly)!  Remember that you only should be using in-text citation in these posts.  Reference section citation is not required (though if you do, you can lose points if done wrong).

  1. According to the information provided in this study, who was the typical repeat victim?  Explain why.
  2. According to the article, what is the relationship between demographic characteristics and repeat and non-repeat victims of violence in relation to their visits to emergency rooms?  Which to you was the strongest demographic characteristic?
  3. According to the article, what is the relationship between socioeconomic characteristics of repeat and non-repeat victims of violence in relation to their visits to emergency rooms?  Which to you was the strongest socioeconomic characteristic?
  4. Why do you think it is important to look at repeat victimization in the context of a public health problem as opposed to just a criminal justice problem?  Use information from the article to support your argument.

Business Law letter

You will be required to write and submit a legal memorandum on the issue of negligence.  You will be given a case file and resources to help you get started with this assignment.  The case file will be posted here at the start of Week 1.
Typically, legal memoranda are written to provide research findings, analysis and advice on a specific legal question.  In this case, you will be writing a legal memo to a partner in your law firm based on a negligence fact pattern and you will advise the partner regarding her client’s potential liability.  The partner’s instructions to you will be outlined in Attachment 1 – Memo from Partner.  You should begin this assignment by reading Attachment 1.
Once you have read Attachment 1, review the other material related to this assignment listed above.  Your memo must contain the following sections (as described further in Attachment 2):

  • Heading
  • Question Presented
  • Brief Answer
  • Facts
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Legal Authority Cited (Bibliography)

Research
You do not need to use every resource provided to you in your research file in order to complete your memo.  However, you must use at least 1 of the sources and find at least three of your own.   Your sources may be a relevant news article, scholarly article, case, statute, etc.  The UMUC online library is a great place to begin searching for your additional sources.  You will need to post your additional source(s) by the end in week 3 (look for an announcement about this).
Format
Your memo should be approximately 5-7 pages, double-spaced, 12 point font.  The most important section of the memo (and section worth the greatest amount of points) is the discussion section.  This is where you will provide your own analysis by describing how your research applies to the relevant facts of your case.
Grammar, Organization and Source Citation
PLEASE proofread your memorandum before submission.  Be sure that your memo is easy to read, organized and grammatically correct.  Otherwise, you will lose points based on your writing.  You must also properly cite to the sources you use.  You may not use exact language from an outside source unless you use quotation marks and cite to the source for that language.  Failure to properly cite to your sources may constitute academic dishonesty under UMUC policy.   If you are not sure about how or whether to cite a source please do not hesitate to ask me. I have attached the below case files and articles.

Case Brief

Write a case brief for the following cases?
 

  1.   King v Cogdon (1950) heard by the Supreme Court of Victoriain Australia
  2.  Miller v State 6 S.W.3d 812, (1999 Ark.App)
  3.  Commonwealth v Pestinikas 617 A.2D. 1339 (1992)

 

Legal and Ethical Environments of Business

Summer, 2015
Assignment #1
 (20 Points)
 Part A: (15 Points)
Facts:
You are a newly appointed judge in the Florida Circuit Court. One of your first cases involves criminal charges against the famous hip-hop and rap artist, Marvin-Marvin, who won several Grammies for his music. Marvin-Marvin (hereafter referred to as “M & M”) wrote and sang a song that recommended the killing of another “that has wronged your family”. In this case, an individual, Henry, killed a neighbor who had attacked Henry’s sister. (Henry has been charged with murder and his case is pending before another judge. Do not worry about Harry’s guilt since that case is before another judge.)
 
Assume you personally hate rap and hip-hop music. You believe it has no redeeming value and is not music. Assume Florida case law, in the criminal case of State v. Smith, indicates the fact finder should consider all circumstances, but (the judge) must determine what a reasonable person would do in that situation. (In this case, you are the fact finder, since the defendant, M & M, has “waived a jury trial”.)
 
Assignment:
 What factors should you, as a judge consider in this case? The school of realism (Page 10) is based upon an idea judges need to consider more than the law when ruling on a case. In your answer discuss prior case law precedent and the doctrine of stare decisis. Do other schools of legal interpretation affect this decision? Should a judge’s personal beliefs affect his or her ruling? Should a judge consider “what is best for society” when making a decision even if the law is different? What sources of law, including religious law, should a judge consider? What are the burdens of proof in civil and criminal cases?
 
Suggestions:
 You do not have to answer all of the above questions, nor do you need to do any outside research. Simply, what influences and factors must a judge or fact-finder consider in his or her rulings? For Assignment #1 please keep it reasonably short. (Approximately 1-2 pages.)
Part B: (5 Points)
Define the following terms: (Please provide examples with each definition.)

  1. Civil law
  2. Case law
  3. Statutes v. Ordinances
  4. Florida Circuit Court
  5. Venue and Jurisdiction

 
Since the goal is to learn legal terms, you may use the exact definitions in our textbook, or from a law dictionary or any other source. In this case only, copying word-for-word will not be considered plagiarism or you may define the above terms using your own words. Use complete sentences for Part “B”.

US Supreme Court Decisions

Prepare a written analysis on the impact of the US Supreme Court decisions on the management of prisons (5 pages).  You are asked to explain the prison management structure and disciplinary process as applied in most prison cases and as directed by the US Supreme Court decision in Sandin v. Conner (1995) and other US Supreme Court cases. Consider such sanctions as loss of job, segregation for a specific amount of time, and loss of commissary privileges.
Assignment Guidelines:

  • Read through Wolff v. McDonnell (1976) and Sandin v. Conner (1995).
  • Apply the decisions of these Supreme Court cases to the following punishments:
    • Job loss
    • Scheduled segregation
    • Loss of commissary privileges
  • For each of these punishments, provide the following based on the decisions of the above to 2 cases:
    • When is this an appropriate sentence?
    • When is this protected by the U.S. Constitution?
    • What are 2 examples that you can take from the Supreme Court decisions that support your arguments?
  • Be sure to reference all sources using APA style.
  • Compile your responses into a Word document of 5 pages
  • No plagerism
  • Reference page with at least 5 referenes cited throughout the paper
  • Abstract page

Business Law Paper

ETHICS CASE SPRING 2015

                  FACTS: THE Decision Sciences Institute, Inc. sent email ballots to its members for their use in amending their Constitution. The Members were not required to sign their ballots. A review of the membership roster used to send the email ballots disclosed that 18 members did not receive ballots.  The Decision Sciences Institute Inc. did not preserve copies of ballots cast and it is not known whether or not all other members received ballots.  It is known that approximately 500 of about 1,400 members in fact cast ballots and there is anecdotal evidence that some members to whom email ballots were sent did not receive ballots because of junk mail filters and the like.  had their servers set to reject email from addresses not on their “friends” and “favorites” lists or from businesses with whom they had previously agreed to transact business with electronically.     The Board intended to amend the Constitution to remove regionally elected vice presidents from the Board.  However, the ballot did not offer any amendments to ARTICLE VII, the composition of the Board.  Undaunted, the Board that conducted the balloting removed the regionally elected vice presidents from the board.  This has caused a many members to resign and the regions to reconsider their allegiance to the Institute because their representatives were removed from the board without a vote by the Members.   Over the past 40 years the Regions have served the professional development needs of about 68,000 faculty members in their annual meetings while the Institute has served the professional development needs of about $44,000 Members in its Annual Meetings.

                  You have been called in as a consultant by Members and you are now being asked to determine the legality of the balloting and the ethical issues raised by the Board’s action in removing the regionally elected representatives from the Board.

ARTICLE XVII—CHANGES IN CONSTITUTION                 No article shall be added to this Constitution and no part shall be amended or annulled except by written ballot sent to all Members. A change in the Constitution requires a two-thirds affirmative vote of the Members returning said written ballots within 30 days after their mailing to the Member.                                                                                                                                                      

ARTICLE VII–BOARD OF DIRECTORS
1. Composition.              The Institute’s Board of Directors shall consist of the President (who serves as Chairperson), the immediate Past President, the President-Elect, the Secretary, the Treasurer, and Vice Presidents, one elected by each of the Regional subdivisions and an equal number of Vice Presidents elected at-large, and the Executive Director as an ex-officio member.

BYLAW 3: TERMS AND DUES Section 1. Terms             (a)  The fiscal and tax year of the Institute is from July 1 through June 30.               (b)  The membership term is from July 1 through June 30.        (c)  The officer term is from April 1 through March 31.                    (d)  The President shall serve for one year and automatically become Past President.                    (e)  The President-Elect shall serve for one year and automatically become President.   (f)  The Secretary and Treasurer shall serve two-year staggered terms.    (g)  Vice Presidents shall serve two-year terms, with the terms of office of the Vice Presidents elected by the Regional subdivisions staggered, and the terms of office of the Vice President elected at-large staggered.

 

THE STATUTE OF FRAUDS.   The Statute of Frauds requires that any contract for services that cannot possibly be completed within one year must be in writing to be enforceable.

Criminal Justice Ethics

  1. What are the principles of ethical decision making?
  2. Provide justification for police power and the basic ethical standards that derive from this justification and what are the ethical issues involved in proactive & reactive investigations?
  3. Describe the steps in analyzing an ethical dilemma.
  4. What are the elements of any ethical system?
  5. Discuss three of the five types of police misconduct, with examples of each type.
  6. Describe the types of misconduct by community corrections professionals and provide some of the explanations for this misconduct.
  7. Describe the ethical issues faced by prosecutors and defense attorneys.
  8. What steps should organizational leaders take to encourage ethical decision making on the part of employees?
  9. Under corrective justice, distinguish between substantive and procedural justice.
  10. Describe how other ethical systems define what is moral- specifically, ethics of virtue, natural law, religion, and ethics of care.

 

My Seven Case Analysis Assignment

Course: Business Policy and Strategy class. The field of study is Business. (I didn’t find it)
This is my seventh analysis case assignment out of 10. For this one, this assignment is 3 pages.
 
All you need to do is: A) Read carefully the PDF file I attached [Transforming Singapores Public Libraries] and then B) Read the second attachment [Questions Transforming Singapore] and then C) Based on them analyze/write the case by answering the questions. (See attachments).
 
(Don’t write the questions) – I will run the paper through Copyscape that homework market provides, and the result MUST be = ZERO.
The most IMPORTANT things for me:
1) Follow the ALL instructions carefully.
2) Use very simple language and idea because I’m an international student and I need to understand everything about the case from the case itself. My professor would discuss our cases with us.
3) Finish it on time.
See all attachments:
1) A Guide to Case Analysis.
2) The PDF file [Transforming Singapores Public Libraries].
3) [Questions Transforming Singapore].
*Three of my classmates are using Homework Market as well. And three of my friends took the same class last quarter and used this site as well. So. please I need my papers to be original and written from scratch.
 
Check out attachments before you make Hand Shake to make sure all of them can be opened.

Drug law strategies

Soc Of Develop Countries 300
 Written Assignment: The Reasons Behind Failed States (in respects to the Social Development of a Foreign Nation)
 Due 5-31-15 –noPlagiarism
 Use the Internet to research one developing nation of your choice. Your research should include an examination of the effects that issues such as bad governance, civil war and corruption have on the creation of states that have failed. Include in your research the articles from the discussion questions as well as the material covered by the Webtext and lectures in Weeks 1 through 8.
Write a 6 to 8 page research paper in which you:

  1. Identify the factors that contribute to a state’s failure to deliver good governance to its people. Support your response with concrete examples of each of the results that you have cited.
  2. Analyze why the specific actions taken by the leadership of the selected country have failed.
  3. Discuss the prospects for success in the selected country and support your response with examples.
  4. Use at least eight (8) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia, blogs, and other nonacademic websites do not qualify as academic resources. Approval of resources is at the instructor’s discretion.

 
 

Juvenile Boot Camp Programs

Evaluating Funding Requests: Juvenile Boot Camp Programs

Assignment 2: LASA 1: Cultural, Ethical, and Other Considerations Impacting Research Efforts

Charles Draper, Centervale’s Chief of Police, must introduce policies that positively impact the control and management of illegal immigration in his city. He is without the knowledge base needed to develop policy and has turned to you for assistance with research in one of the following areas:

  • Surveillance techniques: Chief Draper is aware of many surveillance techniques that can be utilized in tracking and controlling illegal immigrants in his city. The Chief would like information regarding the most successful surveillance techniques as demonstrated in published research. Specifically, you are to research and address, but are not limited to, the following surveillance technique examples: vehicle tracking, cell phone, e-mail, background checks, and computer and surveillance techniques.
  • Crime mapping: Chief Draper knows that many law enforcement agencies use crime-data mapping generated from within their own communities to allocate resources, as indicated by the data. In particular, the Chief would like to know how the data are generated and then how the data are applied to police tactics. Your research should include but is not limited to the following crime mapping areas: geographic information systems, census demographics, geographical profiles, and community and other crime mapping techniques.
  • Staffing needs: Draper believes that the problems associated with illegal immigration require quick response times, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. He’s not sure that his staff is properly allocated for optimal response times. What types of research data and studies can the Chief consult? Where can he find the best resources to support the various shift and staffing patterns if and when the Chief decides to reallocate his staff? Specifically, you are to explore asset mapping which is a technique for determining what assets (human, organizational and fiscal) are available in the police department to address the key issue of illegal immigration used to provide the background information needed to conduct the staffing review and suggest appropriate changes to the existing policy.

Here’s What You Need To Do . . .

You are to specifically cite and reference the various resources available to address these critical areas so that the Chief has the appropriate research to make policy recommendations based on what you have presented.

In reference to this assignment, please be as comprehensive as possible in analyzing, evaluating and presenting your objective findings that potentially will have current and future policy implications. Your interpretation should be based on the findings, as well as, evaluating the current situation and applying research findings to support and/or reject the Chief’s request for information in these respective critical areas.

Based on the media-based research data matrix you created in Module 2, select one of the research areas identified above and prepare a 5–6 page memo to Chief Draper that addresses the Chief’s concerns. In your memo you must:

  • Recommend research approaches or options that could fulfill the Chief’s information needs.
  • Provide a comparison of the two types of research designs that seem most appropriate for the Chief’s information needs supported by data from your media-based research data matrix.
  • Recommend good/reliable data sources.

Given the sensitive and possible controversial nature of the policy, provide advice on cultural, ethical, or other considerations that could impact research efforts and results. The following databases are available to support your research.

  1. American Academy of Forensic Sciences
  2. International Association for Identification
  3. Law Enforcement National Data Exchange
  4. National Criminal Justice Reference Service
  5. National Institute of Justice

Victims’ Rights

The death penalty is one of the most controversial topics in the criminal justice system. In the US criminal justice system, the government represents the victim. At the time of sentencing, many states allow victim impact statements. There are additional issues to consider in the application of the death penalty. Some of these issues are race, age, and cost.

Use the Online Library resources to research the role of the victims in sentencing a defendant.

Submission Details:

In a minimum of 250 words, post your responses to the following topics to this Discussion Area.

  • Discuss what you learned, focusing on such topics as racial disparity, juveniles, and victim impact statements. Be sure to cite your sources of information in the APA style.
  • Describe a specific case you learned about in the news where victims’ rights figured prominently (either in a positive or in a negative way).

Law Questions

Question 1 of 2
Discuss the impact of thousands of lobbyists in Washington DC and billions of dollars spent every year to change federal policies.  Is it effective in changing federal policies?  Explain.
 
Provide a fully developed essay of at least 500 words, and cite sources used.
 
Question 2 of 2
Explain how the nomination and appointment of federal judges differs from Supreme Court Justices. As well, explain how the selection does and length of terms differs between Supreme Court Justices and members of Congress.
 
 
Provide a fully developed essay of at least 500 words, and cite sources used.

Adverse Possession

Write a short essay, between 400 and 500 words, responding to the assignment below. You are expected to use the textbook and outside resources to provide accurate and substantive answers to the question. Also, be sure to make use of illustrating examples where appropriate. Submit your work in APA format.
 
Lisa and Danny are neighbors that live on Guerrero Street. Fifteen years ago Lisa built a gazebo. She frequently used the gazebo, but she was not aware that actually the gazebo was on property belonging to Danny. A month after the gazebo was built Lisa built a fence between her and Danny’s yard, and the gazebo was on Lisa’s side of the fence.   Fifteen years later, Danny has a survey done, and he discovers that the gazebo is on his land. Danny brings a suit to evict Lisa from the land. Does Lisa have a defense?  Assume, that the state in question has an adverse possession period of ten years.

Hilary Case

Review the case file titled “Hilary Case,” found below these instructions.
 
Write a to six (6) page paper in which you: All work must be original

  1. Draft a legal memorandum in which you discuss the likelihood of a successfully recovery by your client.
  2. Write a summary of the main steps that you, as the paralegal, need to take in order to prepare the Hilary Case for trial.
  3. Describe two (2) issues that would cause you to reach out to the supervising attorney for help.
  4. Draft a letter to the supervising attorney in which you recommend the settlement of the Hilary Case.
  5. Use at least two (2) quality references. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not quality as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
Use the rules for citation form for primary and secondary authorities as well as the use of signals such as id., supra, infra, etc.

  • Analyze what paralegals do, the career choices available to paralegals, their role in the legal profession, and the need for continuing education and training.
  • Examine the paralegal workplace, tasks, and functions of a paralegal and accounting procedures in the law office.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in paralegal studies.
  • Write clearly and concisely about paralegal studies using proper writing mechanics

Business contracts – Acme Fireworks

Focus of the Final Paper
You are the manager of Acme Fireworks, a fireworks retailer who sells fireworks, puts on ground display fireworks, and large aerial display fireworks. The company started in the owner’s garage two years ago and now has 15 employees that you manage. The company started as a sole proprietorship, and the owner has never changed the entity. The owner has informed you that the company has received inquiries from several large businesses wondering if the company could create several fireworks displays on a regular basis. The owner told the inquirers that the company could fill such display orders, and a price per display was agreed upon. It was discussed that most of the cost for a fireworks display is for skilled labor, insurance, and the actual service of setting off the fireworks. No other details were discussed. The owner is anticipating that new employees will need to be hired, but he is worried that if the large orders for fireworks displays do not continue, the company will not have the funds to pay the new employees. The owner is now considering changing the business entity, but he does not know what entity to form or how to form it.
The owner has asked you to do the following:

  • Determine if the contracts with the businesses will be governed by common law or the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), and explain why.
  • Analyze whether the owner formed a contract with the businesses, and apply the five essential elements of an enforceable contract.
  • Explain the potential personal liability to Acme Fireworks if a spectator is injured by a stray firework from a fireworks display.
  • Discuss the different employment types and relationships relevant to agency law, and analyze the advantages and disadvantages of each type specific to Acme Fireworks.
  • Explain why Acme Fireworks should not operate as a sole proprietorship. Recommend a new business entity, and provide rationale to support your recommendation.

For each task, be sure to analyze the relevant law, apply the facts to the law, and make a conclusion.
Writing the Final Paper
The Final Paper:
Must be eight to ten double-spaced pages in length (not including the title and reference pages), and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

  1. Must include a title page with the following:
    Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.

    1. Title of paper
    2. Student’s name
    3. Course name and number
    4. Instructor’s name
    5. Date submitted
  2. Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought. That is, describe what your response is to the content, either positive or negative, and defend your position. If multiple options, alternatives, and/or positions are present and are being rejected, you must also defend the reasons for rejecting an option.
  3. Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.
  4. Must include at least five scholarly sources, two of which must be from the Ashford University Library, in addition to the course textbook.
  5. Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  6. Must include a separate references page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

 

Reply to Taylor's Case

Choose and respond to one of the following questions:

Question A

Imagine Stanley and Steinhardt had the opportunity to reply to Taylor’s case. Compose that reply. Note: This prompt requires that you are able to summarize Taylor’s reasoning and point to particular disagreements, then articulate reasons to reject some of Taylor’s support.

Question B

We see both benefits and deleterious effects of development in these readings. Take one example discussed by the authors and, using the moral concepts discussed last week, provide an argument concerning our interacting with or restricting use of a particular technology.
 
Use at least two of this week’s readings as resources in your initial post.

Ethics and Corporate Responsibility in the Workplace and the World

PharmaCARE (We CARE about YOUR health®) is one of the world’s most successful pharmaceutical companies, enjoying a reputation as a caring, ethical and well-run company that produces high-quality products that save millions of lives and enhance the quality of life for millions of others. The company offers free and discounted drugs to low-income consumers, has a foundation that sponsors healthcare educational programs and scholarships, and its CEO serves on the PhRMA board. PharmaCARE recently launched a new initiative, We CARE about YOUR world®, pledging its commitment to the environment through recycling, packaging changes and other green initiatives, despite the fact that the company’s lobbying efforts and PAC have successfully defeated environmental laws and regulations, including extension of the Superfund tax, which was created by Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA).
 
Based in New Jersey, PharmaCARE maintains a large manufacturing facility in the African nation of Colberia, where the company has found several “healers” eager to freely share information about indigenous cures and an abundance of Colberians willing to work for $1.00 a day, harvesting plants by walking five (5) miles into and out of the jungle carrying baskets that, when full, weigh up to fifty (50) pounds. Due to the low standard of living in Colberia, much of the population lives in primitive huts with no electricity or running water. PharmaCARE’s executives, however, live in a luxury compound, complete with a swimming pool, tennis courts, and a golf course. PharmaCARE’s extensive activities in Colberia have destroyed habitat and endangered native species.
 
In preparation for this assignment, use the Internet or Strayer Library to research companies that have recently experienced negative consequences as a result of the company’s corporate activities.
 
Write a six to eight (6-8) page paper in which you:
 

  1. Describe the key characteristics of a stakeholder and determine all the stakeholders within the PharmaCARE scenario.
  2. Analyze the human rights issues presented by PharmaCARE’s treatment of the Colberia’s indigenous population versus that of its executives. Recommend at least three (3) changes PharmaCARE can make to be more ethical going forward.
  3. Assess PharmaCARE’s environmental initiative against the backdrop of its anti-environmental lobbying efforts and Colberian activities. Support the position.
  4. Decide whether or not PharmaCARE’s actions with respect to the indigenous people of Colberia would be ethical in accordance with each of the following ethical theories:
    1. Utilitarianism
    2. Deontology
    3. Virtue ethics
    4. Ethics of care
    5. Your own moral / ethical compass
  5. Compare PharmaCARE’s actions with those of at least one (1) real-world company, whose corporate activities led to ethical, environmental, or workplace safety issues and financial loss. Analyze the similarities and differences between PharmaCARE and the company that you chose.
  6. Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia is not an acceptable reference and proprietary Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

 
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
 

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

 
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
 

  • Analyze and evaluate laws that protect against discrimination in the workplace.
  • Examine and assess employee rights to health and safety in the workplace.
  • Analyze environmental protection laws and assess their impact on organizations.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in law, ethics, and corporate governance.
  • Write clearly and concisely about law, ethics, and corporate governance using proper writing mechanics.

Business Law

Please answer question as completely as possible. Only interested in reasoning…support answer as much as possible.
Review the case Parente v. Pirozzoli.  Answer the following: What is the result of a court finding that a contract is illegal?  Explain.  Was it fair for Pirozzoli to receive the windfall in this case?  Why or why not?
 
Answer has to be complete and in your own words from your own thoughts. No plagiarizing please cite everything.

Physical personal Security

  1. Provide an in-depth discussion of the potential shortcomings associated with each level of protection when there is improper monitoring, maintenance, and assessment of risk of systems and countermeasures implemented. Students are expected to brainstorm about potential shortcomings based on the definitions of the levels of protection provided in the textbook as well as information accessed from outside sources (e.g., direct observations, scholarly sources, media outlets).
    This assessment should be a minimum of 300 words.

 
 

  1. Discuss the difference between outer and inner controls and why maintaining both types of control are important to an agency’s risk reduction and asset protection. Discuss whether or not there are any instances in which maintaining one type of control is more important than maintaining the other. Be sure to provide support for your arguments.

 

  1. This assessment should be a minimum of 300 words.

 
GENERAL OVERVIEW
When we think of the word physical we usually think of something tangible, something you can feel, see, and interact with. The concept of physical security is used to describe aspects of security that are a manifestation of policies, procedures, equipment, structural design, and personnel designed to prevent loss and harm to assets such as merchandise, modes of transportation, horticulture, facilities, structures, institutions, etc. Physical security is applied across five levels: minimum, low, medium, high, and maximum. The higher the level of security, with proper monitoring and maintenance, the lower the anticipated loss or harm to assets. There are various physical security tools and strategies that can be implemented to ensure that the basics of defense are covered and the desired level of security is maintained. Working from the outside – in, the following security tools and strategies can be implemented. Outer and inner perimeter controls consider the characteristics of the community and neighborhood, as well as the property owned by the agency. Strategies can be devised to ensure that both perimeters are secure. Once, the perimeter is secured one should move his/her attention to building exteriors and interiors, ensuring that sound architectural plans have resulted in the completion of a solid structure (including doors, hinges, windows, stairwells, insulation, etc.) and areas within the building that allow for activities to be conducted in varying spaces based on their level of risk. Aesthetically there are other aspects of physical security that can also be implemented individually (e.g., lighting, fencing, and locks) or in conjunction with other tools (e.g., closed circuit television and requiring card or electronic entry). Controlling access through the use of additional strategies is also utilized to supplement physical security tools and strategies. Such strategies include traffic control and the use of personal identification systems (e.g., identification cards). Despite the many tools and strategies available to enhance physical security, “people constitute the most significant protection resource” (Ortmeier, 2013, p.103). Human protection systems range from the receptionist that asks you why Reading Assignment Chapter 4: Physical Security: Structural, Electronic, and Human Protection Systems Chapter 5: Personnel Security through Leadership and Ethics Learning Activities See information below.
Workplace Security 2 you’re in an office, to the supervisor that ensures policies and procedures are followed, and beyond. However, human protection systems have limitations in regards to the scope of their surveillance or monitoring abilities. Thus, tools such as visual assessment and surveillance systems, alarm systems, and fire prevention and protection systems are also helpful in assisting humans in monitoring and maintaining physical security. Humans are also an asset that needs protection, which is one of the goals of personnel security. The other goal of personnel security is to protect against people who are threats (physical and information) to an organization. However, the presence of personnel integrity is as integral to protecting an organization’s human assets as personnel security. Both the employees and employer are expected to promote and adhere “to a code of ethics and appropriate standards of professional conduct” even when “law or precedent…does not exist” (Ortmeier, 2013, p.127). Thus, we can see that the role of humans in the field of security is diverse and essential to the maintenance of security at all levels. This is why organizations must be zealous in ensuring the recruitment and selection of employees who are not only qualified but, are also persons of integrity who are committed to sustaining the mission of the organization. When organizations are not careful in their recruitment and selection process they run the risk of negligent hiring and retention in which employees who are not persons of integrity or committed to the mission of the organizations are given employment and are difficult to sever ties with. Since retention of quality employees is also a way to maintain personnel security and integrity, organizations must work hard to ensure that proper hiring procedures are followed. Personnel management is another important aspect of personnel security and integrity. Employees must understand the human resource policies and procedures of the organization as well as the external employee-employer relation laws that apply to the organization. Employees should be provided numerous training opportunities (preservice, in-service, and career enhancement) and schedules that ensure the completion of tasks that are related to their job descriptions. Specific policies regarding performance evaluation, promotion, and discipline related to an employees assigned duties should be reviewed with the employee. Supervision and leadership must also be provided to employees. Defining leadership as a concept that differs from the concept of supervision has been undertaken by numerous theorists. James MacGregor Burns said that leadership is either transactional (one person takes initiative) or transformational (interactions increase leader and non-leaders moral and motivation). Other theorists have followed with leadership competencies that further define leadership. Researchers have found that motivation is closely linked to the culture and circumstances. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs provides five levels of need (self-actualization, esteem, affiliation, security, physiological) to which motivations are associated. He argues that as needs on the lower level are satisfied, motivations to meet the needs on other levels will increase. So management must be aware of such motivations when working with employees. Leaders and managers must also use assumptions about behavior, which are derived from what we know about motivations, to develop and apply various leadership styles (e.g., McGregor: Theory X, Theory Y & Ouchi: Theory Z).

Measuring Crime Paper

Complete the following CJi Interactive activities:

  • Ch. 1 > Myths & Issues Videos
    • Myth v. Reality: Crime has been Steadily Increasing
  • Ch. 2 > Learning Modules
    • How Crimes are Measured
  • Ch. 2 > Simulation
    • The Extent of Crime

Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper that examines crime measurement in the United States. Address the following:

  • What instruments are used to measure crime in the United States?
  • What are the major crime reporting programs? What are the purposes of major crime reporting programs?
  • What are crime rates, arrest rates, clearance rates, and recidivism rates?
    • According to the “Myth v. Reality: Crime has been Steadily Increasing” CJi Interactive video, in what ways can crime rates be deceiving? How do crime rates relate to arrest rates? Is there a better solution to improving the correlation between crime rates, arrest rates, and clearance rates in the effort of combating criminal activity?
  • What can crime and recidivism statistics tell you about crime in the United States?

Include information learned from the CJi Interactive activities in your paper.
Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.
 
 
1040 words Paper

Scored: 9.5/10

Police History, Styles, and Issues Presentation

Week 2 Police History, Styles, and Issues Presentation

Complete the following CJi Interactive activities located on the student website:

  • Ch. 5 > Learning Modules
    • History and Professionalism of the Police
    • Modern American Policing Eras
    • Levels of Law Enforcement
    • Police Organization
    • Policing Styles
  • Ch. 5 > Myths & Issues Videos
    • Issue 1: Women and Minorities in Law Enforcement
  • Ch. 5 > Simulation
    • Policing Styles

Create a 12- to 15-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation, with speaker notes, on the police and law enforcement. Include the following in your presentation:

  • Present a timeline of the historical development of police agencies and their jurisdiction.
  • Address the relationship between the historical development of police agencies and policing styles.
  • Describe the law enforcement agencies under the jurisdiction of the Department of Homeland Security and their responsibilities.
  • Address the primary purposes of police patrol.
  • Describe the role of police in contemporary society.
  • Explain at least two issues facing today’s police departments.

Include information learned from the CJi Interactive activities in your presentation.
Format your presentation consistent with APA guidelines.
 
Total Number of Slides: 12

Scored: 14.2/15

Courtroom TV Paper

Research the Internet and find a celebrated criminal prosecution case to analyze, such as a criminal case that received media attention. This case must have proceeded to trial; it cannot have been plea bargained or dismissed before the trial phase.
Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper in which you address the following questions:

  • Summarize the criminal procedures that occurred in this case, from arrest through appeal, if applicable.
  • What was the crime the defendant was alleged to have committed? What are the elements of that crime? Is there sufficient evidence to believe the defendant guilty of this crime beyond a reasonable doubt? Explain.
  • Identify the legal defenses used in this case. Explain what the defense entails and if it is viable.
  • Based on the evidence, should, or did, the defense apply to either exonerate the defendant or reduce his sentence?

Format your answers consistent with APA guidelines.
 
1100 words paper

2 Sources

Scored: 7.5/7.5

Plea Bargaining Paper

Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper in which you evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of plea bargaining. Address the following in your paper:

  • Define plea bargaining.
  • Distinguish between charge bargaining and sentence bargaining.
  • Compare and contrast the advantages and disadvantages of plea bargaining.
  • Describe how plea bargaining reflects or thwarts the crime control and due process models of criminal justice.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines
 
1130 words paper
 
1 Source in APA format
 
Scored: 10/10

Prison Life Presentation

Complete the following in CJi Interactive on the student website:

  • Learning Modules
    • Ch. 11: Corrections History and Institutions > Prisons and Jails
    • Ch. 13: Life Behind Bars > The Legal Rights of Inmates
  • Myth & Issues Videos
    • Ch. 13: Life Behind Bars > Issue 1: Should Prisoners have Rights?

Create a 15- to 20-slide presentation examining the life of prisoners. Include the following in the presentation:

  • A brief comparison of jail and prison inmates
  • A brief comparison of male and female inmates’ backgrounds
  • A brief comparison of state and federal inmates, including the difference between prison life in private and nonprivate prisons
  • An explanation of how prison life has changed over time
  • A description of the extent and nature of prison violence
  • A description of the extent and nature of prisoner litigation
  • Two recommendations that will
    • positively affect the life of prisoners
    • address the increasing violence and variations of violence in prisons
    • limit prisoner litigation issues

Include at least100 words of speaker notes for each slide.
Format your presentation consistent with APA guidelines.
 
Total number of Slides: 16

Scored: 5/5

Determining Conditions of Probation Simulation

Work individually on the following:

  • Completethe CJi Interactive Simulation: Determining Conditions of Probation, found in Ch. 12: Corrections in the Community located on the student website.
  • Take noteson the answers you selected and prepare a summary of the outcomes of your selections to share with your team.

Collaborate on the following:

  • Review and discuss each team member’s selections in the simulation cases and the rationale for their selections.
  • Come to a consensus on the conditions of probation or parole for each client.
  • Write a 700- to 1,050-word summary of the conditions of probation or parole for each client and the rationale for those conditions. Include the following in the paper:
    • Outcomes of the conditions selected by the team
    • Changes the team would make to their selections on the basis of the outcomes

Recommendations concerning the conditions of a client’s probation or parole that were not included in the options. Explain why.
 
 
700 words paper

Scored: 10/10

Rehabilitation Paper

  • Learning Modules:
    • Ch. 12: Corrections in the Community > The Value of Probation and Parole
    • Ch. 12: Corrections in the Community > Objectives and Conditions of Probation
    • Ch. 12: Corrections in the Community > Special Supervision Programs
    • Ch. 12: Corrections in the Community > History of Parole
    • Ch. 12: Corrections in the Community > Parole Board

Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper that includes the following:

  • Definition and origins of rehabilitation in prison
  • Definition of parole and how it differs from mandatory release
  • Definition of probation and how it compares to other forms of sentencing
  • Definition and options of community corrections
  • Critique the current rehabilitation options:
    • Is there a better solution to the current parole process?
    • Is there a better solution to the current probation system?
    • Are there better solutions than the current community corrections options?

 
1100 words Paper

Ethical Decisions

Explain the best solution and include comments related to any ethical issues that arise. Locate at least one case that has been decided on the issue or one that is currently pending to support your answer.
Scenario 1
The Second Amendment to the US Constitution grants persons the right to bear arms. Your employee handbook prohibits employees from possessing firearms on any company property. You have a permit to carry a firearm in your car and believe the employer’s requirement violates your rights. If you challenge your employer, which party will prevail? Provide arguments for both sides, determine which party wins, and provide support for your decision.
Scenario 2
Select a company listed on one of the lists for best or worst companies for ethics. Explain the action(s) that led to the company to be included on the ethical or unethical list. State whether you agree or disagree with inclusion of the company on the list and provide support for your answer.
1. Use search terms “unethical companies” or “ethical companies” to locate a list.

  1. Please cite in APA or law citation format whichever source was used.

Ethical Dilemma

Scenario 1  
Casey’s infant daughter was injured when the nightshirt she was wearing caught fire. Casey explains that she has heard about alternative dispute resolution and asks you which type would result in a quicker judgment in her favor because she does not particularly want to go to the time and expense of a court action.

  • Identify three types of ADR and explain the advantages and disadvantages of each.
  • Select the type of ADR best suited for Casey’s situation and support your answer.
  • The manufacturer involved in the ADR insists on a confidentiality agreement.  Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the company requiring a confidentiality agreement in which the parties agree not to disclose the terms of the settlement.

Scenario 2  
Electro Cart manufactures electronic four-wheeled vehicles normally used by golfers to transport golf clubs and up to four people across the golf course. Referred to as low speed vehicles (LSV), the carts are capable of traveling up to a maximum speed of 15 miles per hour.
When Frank Brown, the president of the company, visited his father in an upscale retirement development in Arizona, he noticed many residents used golf carts to get around and visit other residents in the neighborhood. After talking with his father, Frank discovered that their golf carts were capable of going 25 miles per hour.
Electro Carts has also received requests for golf carts that would travel 35 miles per hour and meet regulations for street use.

  • Are Electro’s current vehicles subject to NHTSA regulations? Why or why not?
  • If Electro manufactures carts capable of going 25 to 35 miles per hour, will they be subject to the NHTSA regulations? Why or why not?
  • Using the state of Arizona, Florida, or your own state, find a state or other local ordinance that specifically permits or prohibits the use of LSVs on public roads and explain the provisions of the regulation.
  • Discuss the pros and cons for allowing golf carts to use public roads.

Please cite sources in APA format.
 

functions and role of law in business and society

Resource: Case Brief Cipollone v. Liggett Group, Inc., et al. in Ch. 2, section 2-6, “Commerce Powers,” of the text.

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper in which you define the functions and role of law in business and society. Discuss the functions and role of law in your past or present job or industry. Properly cite at least two references from your reading.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Detecting Arguments

Your readings for this module covered argument structures, nonstatements, premises, and conclusions. For each of the sentences below, determine if it is an argument. For those that are arguments, identify the premises and the conclusion.

With regard to argumentation, define what a premise and conclusion are.

1. She is from Minnesota, so we know that she is nice.
2. How can the paper be due today? Today is Tuesday!
3. I won’t eat broccoli. Broccoli is yucky.
4. The park was beautiful, with trees, flowers, and buzzing bees. The bright flashes of the wings of dragonflies were everywhere.
5. Get your work done now!
6. We studied hard, did all the exercises, and practiced all the proficiencies. Thus, there is no way that we will fail this course.
7. She was laughing and thus having fun.
8. Why are we looking for premises and conclusions?
9. Many teachers do not know whether students have too much homework, too little, or just enough.

Cultural Diversity in Criminal Justice

What correctional policies can be created from the principles of restorative justice (based on indigenous justice principles)? Are these values more compatible with some offenses than others? More appropriate for some types of offenders than others?
Can you explain why juveniles of color have higher rates of contact with the police than white youths? Support your answer with evidence.
 
Although some studies reveal that African-American, Hispanic, and Native American youth are treated more harshly than white youth at several stages of the juvenile justice process (even after the seriousness of the offense and the offender’s prior juvenile record are taken into consideration), they do not tell us why these disparities occur. How would you explain these differences? Support your reasoning with evidence.

Small claim court assignment

Fact Situation:
Justine Timberlake and Peter Piper are neighbours. Justin and Peter have never really gotten along well with each other but lately things seem to have gotten worse.
Justin is constantly complaining to Peter because the branches of a large maple tree, which are in Peter’s yard, are hanging over the fence and obstructing his (Justin’s) view of the golf course behind his house. Peter has refused to cut the branches, saying that it will destroy the tree.
On August 8, (last YEAR) it was a beautiful day and Justin wanted to watch the golfers. He could not see them because of the tree branches. Justin went to his garage, got a saw, went onto Peter’s yard and cut off all of the branches which were hanging over the fence.
When Peter, who had been shopping with his wife, returned home and saw the tree, he was very upset and went to talk to Justin. Peter told Justin that because of his (Justin’s) actions, the tree was now worthless and would soon be dead. Justin called Peter “crazy” and told him that the tree would not die.
Sure enough, about 6 weeks later, the tree died and had to be removed from Peter’s property. Peter claims the tree was worth $6,000 and that it cost him $3800 to have it removed. Peter asked Justin to pay for the tree and the cost of removing it. Justin refused.
Peter now wants to sue Justin in Small Claims Court. Prepare the Plaintiff’s Claim for Peter and the Statement of Defence for Justin.
Note: Research all necessary local By-laws on tree planning, removal and Trespass to Property.
Assignment:

  1. Prepare a Retainer Agreement [Create your firm and details]
  2. Check for Conflict of Interest and Create addresses and court details as they pertain to
    your local area
  3. Draft a Statement of Claim – [for Peter]
  4. Draft a Statement of Defence – [for Justine – rely on the Statement of Claim you issued
    on behalf of your client Peter]
  5. Prepare any necessary affidavits for service etc

(20 Marks)
Instructor to grade for form and content.

Case review

Assignment Instructions
Prepare a legal brief on the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Santa Fe Independent School Dist. v. Doe, 530 U.S. 290 (2000) which is attached as a PDF document
The case brief will be graded on the rubric found in the student resources section under case brief. Please carefully review the rubric before you start the assignment.
By briefing a case, you are reading the entire court opinion then summarizing it into your own words so that the important information from the brief is easier to understand and remember.
Legal case names should be done in standard “Blue Book” format. Example:
York v. Smith, 65 U.S. 294 (1995). For further information see http://www.law.cornell.edu/citation and look under the “How to Cite” section. In addition see the web resource section for this course and click on the folder marked “how to brief a case”.
*** Please review the materials in the Resources section of the classroom under the Case Brief folder. These will be useful to you because they instruct (“How to..”) students about the case briefing process, shows the relationship between the Opinion and the brief (Opinion and Model Case Brief), and then enables you to see the relationship between the case brief and the grading process (Rubric).

Detecting Arguments

Your readings for this module covered argument structures, nonstatements, premises, and conclusions. For each of the sentences below, determine if it is an argument. For those that are arguments, identify the premises and the conclusion.

With regard to argumentation, define what a premise and conclusion are.

1. She is from Minnesota, so we know that she is nice.
2. How can the paper be due today? Today is Tuesday!
3. I won’t eat broccoli. Broccoli is yucky.
4. The park was beautiful, with trees, flowers, and buzzing bees. The bright flashes of the wings of dragonflies were everywhere.
5. Get your work done now!
6. We studied hard, did all the exercises, and practiced all the proficiencies. Thus, there is no way that we will fail this course.
7. She was laughing and thus having fun.
8. Why are we looking for premises and conclusions?
9. Many teachers do not know whether students have too much homework, too little, or just enough.

The Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008:

The US Congress has the authority to create laws through Article I of the US Constitution. When Congress authorizes an act, several related laws are clumped together into one massive law (hence, an act). The easiest way to read and process an act is to separate the document into major topics (concepts) and then outline the major policies associated with the topics.

Acts are an important part of the legislative process and are frequently used to initiate a series of interconnected laws (e.g., laws related to education, housing, and health and human services). You should have a basic understanding of this process because a number of laws that affect higher education processes have resulted from acts (e.g., the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Americans with Disabilities Act [ADA] of 1990).

In this assignment, you will review an act that has been reauthorized and analyze some significant changes due to its reauthorization.

Tasks:

In about 250 words, respond to the following:

Business Organizations; Employment Law

Research and analyze a case involving ethical issues surrounding corporate governance from a global position. A common example may be where a corporate board of directors breached one or more duties, such as the duty of loyalty to its shareholders, although there are many other areas where business ethics are at the center of a case that originated at the governance level of an organization.

Criminal Defenses and Criminal Punishments

It is common knowledge that two controversial issues in the American legal system are the types of criminal defenses and the manner of criminal punishment. In this assignment, you will explore both in their various forms.
Use the Internet to research the types of criminal defenses and the manner of criminal punishment.
Write a four to six (4-6) page paper in which you:

  1. Specify the key points involved in the court determining the lawfulness of the use of force. Next, evaluate the level of objectivity inherent in each point that you have specified.
  2. Determine the fundamental difference between the castle doctrine and stand your ground types of criminal defenses. Justify the validity of each, and provide one (1) example of each to support your response.
  3. Analyze the overall role that double jeopardy clause plays within the trial system. Next, evaluate the general level of fairness of double jeopardy to the defense. Provide a rationale to support your response.
  4. Specify the basic features of adversarial system. Next, support or critique the value of the adversarial system within the criminal law system in the United States. Justify your response.
  5. Argue for or against the right to a speedy trial, as guaranteed by the Sixth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Provide a rationale to support your response.
  6. Use at least three (3) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar type Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

Federal regulations and ethics

1. Time final exam online – The Final Examination will have two Parts. The Final Examination will consist of 50 points. The examination will have a combination of multiple-choice, true/false, matching, and/or short answer questions. The Final Examination is worth 30% of your grade
 
2. Research paper – A four- to six-page research paper will be required. The topic chosen must relate to business legal and/or ethical subjects/issues covered in the assigned reading material (e.g., contracts, torts, product liability, the environment, workplace discrimination, antitrust matters, securities, etc.).  Any proposed topic must be approved by the instructor prior to the Midterm Examination. The topic should be one that is current, or has been in the news within the previous 18 months and is ongoing. The topic should be one that touches on statutory, regulatory, and/or judicial activity, preferably with some aspects of each. Research topics relevant to real-world aviation carriers/industries are encouraged.  You need to also submit   10 – 12 Power Point  slides which you will use to present your paper to the class during our Week 9 Class.  This assignment will comprise 15% percent of your grade.
Additional Information
APA Format ERAU graduate research papers are prepared in American Psychological Association (APA) format, as supplemented by the Embry-Riddle Guide for the Graduate Capstone Project. Therefore, these sources are recommended additions to graduate courses:
American
 
3. Complete all remainding online discussion questions-

Discussion: FAA Laws and Regulations

Research an FAA law or regulation then write out the name of the document (with numbers too, if listed). Second, in a short (50-100 words) paragraph, explain what the legislation is about. Third, in your opinion, is this good legislation? Why? If you think it is not good legislation, why not?

The Principle of Justice

Justice is one of the five core ethical principles in healthcare. Using the South University Online Library, find a current article (no more than two years old) on social justice issues in healthcare. The article should also be peer-reviewed.

Note: Peer-reviewed refers to the articles reviewed and approved by authors’ professional peers who are experts on that topic.

After reading the article, prepare a 1- to 2-page synopsis of the content and main theme discussed in a Microsoft Word document. In addition, answer the following questions:

  • Does the article discuss justice in terms of procedural or distributive justice?
  • How is justice defined?
  • What will be the impact of the issues found in the article on the healthcare industry?
  • What changes can be made to ensure justice for the persons or groups involved in the article?

Support your responses with examples.

Cite any sources in APA format.

ABUSE PAPER

Many defenseless members of society are abused. We have examined abuse directed at children; however, other victimized individuals from specific populations are mistreated.

Refer to this week’s videos and readings.

Write a 1,200- to 1,450-word paper discussing the following:

  • What issues are associated with intimate partner abuse? How have these issues changed in recent times?
  • What role does the criminal justice system play in protecting abuse toward intimate partners?
  • Why do you believe elder abuse exists? Explain the extent of abuse, types, and theories associated with elder abuse.
  • Describe types of victimization special populations experience in society.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Legal Aspects of U.S. Health Care System Administration

Due Week 4 and worth 100 points
Prevailing wisdom reinforces the fact that working in U.S. health care administration in the 21st Century requires knowledge of the various aspects of health laws as they apply to dealing with medical professionals. Further, because U.S. health care administrators have to potentially interact with many levels of professionals beyond the medical profession, it is prudent that they are aware of any federal, state, and local laws that may be applicable to their organizations. Thus, their conduct is also subject to the letter of the law. They must evaluate the quality of their professional interactions and be mindful of the implications and ramifications of their decisions.
You are employed as a top health administrator at the hypothetical Well Care Hospital in Happy Town. When you were hired, your pre-employment screening involved background checks into any violation of hospital medical misconduct during the last five (5) years. The results showed that you were in good standing with the hospital administration community. During the past year, you had to undergo training in personnel conduct, as well as in inter-employee conduct with medical staff, nurses, technologists, etc. During the past six (6) months, the hospital has been under scrutiny for breach of medical compliance.
Note: You may create and / or make all necessary assumptions needed for the completion of this assignment.
Write a three to four (3-4) page paper in which you:

  1. Articulate your position as the top administrator concerned about the importance of professional conduct within the health care setting. Justify your position.
  2. Ascertain the major ramifications of having professional staff compromise the boundaries of ethics and medical conduct.
  3. Analyze the four (4) elements required of a plaintiff to prove medical negligence.
  4. Discuss the overarching duties of the health care governing board in mitigating the effects of medical non-compliance, as they apply to the rules of practice set forth in the Well Care Hospital governing board’s manifesto.
  5. Use at least five (5) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not quality as academic resources.

Compare and contrast the organizational structure of the mafia with that of a motorcycylegang

In 5-6 paragraphs answer the following.  2 in text citation, 2 references.
Compare and contrast the organizational structure of the mafia  with that of a motorcycle gang. Do you think that drugs are their main source of income? How do they distribute their goods?
How do you think the organizational structures of U.S. mafia organizational and domestic motorcycle gangs different? Explain.
How might this effect the production and distribution of goods? Explain?
What methods of drugs distribution utilized but these organizations do you think are the most problematic for law enforcement agencies? What?
At what level should a criminal organization involved in the drug trade be targeted in an attempt to halt drug distribution? Should it be at a higher or lower level? Explain your reasoning.
What issue exist with regard to drug law enforcement, and how might these issues be avoided? Explain?