Assignment 3: Leadership and Ethics

Due Week 9 and worth 220 points
In this assignment, you will build upon the two (2) challenges that you had identified in Assignment 2, Question 4.
Use the Internet or the Strayer Library to research articles on public agencies or non-profit organizations for which your proposed challenges may not be considered actual challenges.
Write a four to five (4-5) page paper in which you:

  1. Propose two (2) ethical concerns that management may need to address. Create the context in which such concerns may or may not be ethical in nature. Provide a rationale for your response.
  2. Analyze the overall manner in which organizational structure impacts organizational ethics. Select one (1) public agency or one (1) non-profit organization in which your challenges may not be considered actual challenges. Provide a rationale for your response.
  3. Use the Inventory of Public Management Skills Management, located on pages 11 to 12 of the textbook, to construct a self-evaluation. Assess your level of development in each of the skills. Propose two (2) to three (3) activities that would help you to improve the skills in question.
  4. Use the results of your self-evaluation and recommendations from Question 3 to formulate a response to the challenges that you have presented that creates a win-win situation for the organization, the employees, and the public. Predict two (2) potential obstacles to success and two (2) plans to overcome such obstacles.
  5. Include at least four (4) academic references (no more than five [5] years old) from material outside the textbook and no more than one (1) governmental Website. Note: Appropriate academic resources include academic and governmental Websites, scholarly texts, and peer-reviewed articles. Wikipedia, other wikis, and any other Websites ending in anything other than “.gov” do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Rearrange public administration, both the traditional and the new approaches, from structural, functional, and process perspectives, as well as the key goals of the public and private sector.
  • Predict the changing nature and responsibilities for managing public and nonprofit organizations.
  • Critique ethics in public service and its influence on the study of public administration as it relates to political choice.
  • Compose the concepts of public leadership and management essential to the study of public administration.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in public administration.
  • Write clearly and concisely about public administration using proper writing mechanics.

Grading for this assignment will be based on answer quality, logic / organization of the paper, and language and writing skills. Click here to access the rubric for this assignment.

civil war

The essay will be over this: do you believe that economic, political, or social issues did the most to bring about the civil war? Consider economic, political, and social factors in your answer. Present a clear thesis. In your introduction you must clearly express and opinion about the question. Any view is correct as long as you defend it logically. Describe the economic situations of the south and the North in the years before the civil war. Discuss the political changes that occurred in the united states in the 1850s. Be sure to explain why the election of 1860 was significant. Summarize different views toward the union and the United States constitution in the years before the civil war. Explain the role of social factors, including abolitionism and the antislavery movement in bringing about the war. Explain why you believe that economic, political or social factors did most to cause the civil war.

Political science assignment help

Hello
I need someone to hello me with class , 2 quiz  multiple questions  due each friday 24/7 and 31 /7 and 2 discussion boards 600 words each per week and replay to tow of the classmate 200 words ..
Final project 10 pages paper due 4th august
the books available and the instructions

Federalism

(Class subject is Federal Government not Political Science.)
Students will write an essay, at least 500 words in length, on a topic selected from the list below. The paper must discuss all items listed in the bullet point under the numbered topic. The purpose of the project is to give students an opportunity to discuss a key political science concept, and to show a basic understanding of academic research and reporting skills. The project consists of producing an essay of at least 500 words on one of the provided topics (see below), as well as a works cited page for sources containing information used in the essay. The student must use and cite at least two sources of information. Any citation to a page on the Internet must contain the URL of the specific web page and not just the URL for the entire web site, if the web site has more than one web page. A URL, or Uniform Resource Locator is what you type in to the space at the top your your Internet browser, to tell it what web page to pull up. The assignment is to be formatted according to one of the following styles: the Modern Language Association (MLA) style, the American Psychological Association (APA) style, or the University of Chicago (Turabian) style. There should be an indication in the body of the assignment to show from which source facts came from, which may be by indicating the source and the page(s), if any, in parentheses next to the place where the facts are mention, in the following format: “(<source>,<page(s)>)”. A free Internet tool to help you generate citations in the proper format is EasyBib. However, if you use EasyBib, make sure that you include the URL for any web page that you use as a source, which EasyBib does not always indicate is necessary. Papers containing plagiarism will not be accepted. Students should use Courier or New Courier 12 point as the paper’s font, double space the text, and create one inch margins on all four sides of the page. The paper should not have a title page. (PAPER TOPIC) “Federalism,” the authors discuss how the U.S. Constitution creates a dual system of government whereby the powers are distributed between a national government and state governments. This arrangement has seen its share of challenges and changes. Complete the following assignment: •Provide a brief description of the distribution of powers within the federal system, including an understanding of enumerated powers, reserved powers, and concurrent powers. •Discuss the major eras in American history as they relate to federalism, and describe which level of government appeared to be dominant at each time. •Describe what you believe is a proper distribution of powers between the national and state governments

Political Science Project Paper

Midterm Assignment Details:  Due on 1 August 2015
 
The midterm assignment is not a paper, but a project.

The purpose of this assignment is for you to demonstrate not your analytic ability (for you should be able at this point to do the appropriate thinking) but rather your ability to set up a problem, identify what you need, and how you would solve the problem using a structured method.
 
You are given a list of 7 intelligence questions and you are expected to respond to 4 of them for this project.
Your submission should be in table form and not exceed two pages per intelligence problem. Each table should list the primary intelligence problem (given below). In your table you must break down the primary problem into its components, then listing PIR/EEIs for each component question. You should identify the analytic methods you would recommend using to analyze the information to answer the overall question. Finally you need to explain why those methods are appropriate.
Your submission will be graded using the following rubric:
1) break the intelligence problem into component questions,
2) articulate Priority Intelligence Requirements and Essential Elements of Information,
3) identify intelligence analysis methods that you recommend to address the problems (based on the type of information you identify and the nature of the question),
4) provide a textual explanation of why you chose the methods you did and what you can expect by using the methods,
5) completion of 1-4 above for 4 of the 7 problems listed below, and
6) demonstration that you have read, understood, and used the required readings
NOTE: any submission that does not pursue the purpose of this assignment, structuring an intelligence question for analysis, will be considered off-topic and will receive a zero.
A few important thoughts:
1) No one method can stand alone as an adequate method. It takes looking at the problem from more than one approach to get a meaningful view of the solution to the problem. You should list the methods that you would recommend and in a few words identify what the method would achieve. (You may choose whatever format you think works best to communicate these ideas.) Further, the questions below are broad and general. If you need to make assumptions to help you address each problem please document your assumptions (this is more important than you may at first think).
2) The “Structured Analytic Techniques” book is an excellent starting point, but it is not a comprehensive list of methods. Feel free to draw on any method you are aware of. If you are concerned that I may not recognize your method, please provide a footnote explaining.
3) It is not possible to list all PIRs/EEIs so it is impossible to be complete given the time available for this assignment. However, I will evaluate your selection of component intelligence questions, intelligence requirements, and the centrality of the methods you recommend to addressing the core nature of the problem.
4) Be sure that it is clear which methods address which subproblems.
For example:
Problem: The US has become aware that the Pakistanis have provided missile technology to Yemen. This point is confirmed. However, it is unclear what the Yemenis are intending to do with the technology. What is the outlook for this development?
Subproblems: What technology was transferred? What threats does this pose to the region, and does this change the regional balance of power? What is the likelihood that Yemen will reexport this technology to substate groups or states that pose a threat to US interests?
List associated PIRs/EEIs
 
Then identify what methods you would use to answer the problem and subproblems and explain why these methods are the best and most appropriate to answer the questions(!).
You must select 4 out of the following 7 problems to address for this assignment:
1) A recent wave of terrorism in Egypt is threatening the stability of the central government. What does this mean?
2) Oil prices have spiked and Chinese companies have obtained operations and engineering contracts in multiple Persian Gulf states. What is the likelihood of Chinese intervention in the Persian Gulf to ensure the supply of oil to China?
3) The Brazilians have been working with Chinese engineers to design and field a new satellite system, suspected to be of military significance. What is this new satellite system?
4) The civil war in Sudan is raging and it looks increasingly likely that an even more extremist leader, a known supporter of al-Qaeda, is coming to power. The new regime is both virulently anti-American and expansionist, talking about Somalia, Egypt, and exporting its beliefs. What does this mean for the US?
5) Killings and kidnappings on the US-Mexican border have escalated, spilling over into the US. More than 2 dozen Americans have been kidnapped in California and taken to Mexico in the last year (incidentally this fact is true) and have either been held or executed. Running gun battles between drug cartels have escalated. The drug cartels are using IEDs (in fact this has not yet come to pass–but for the sake of this example we will accept it as fact), automatic weapons, and grenades. The government is unable to control the violence and thousands of Mexican troops and police patrol the border cities. Dozens of people are killed every month in what has become open warfare. What does this mean for US security?
6) The Israelis destroyed a suspected nuclear weapons facility in Syria. Was it really a nuclear weapons facility? What does this mean for non-proliferation efforts.
7) Iranian interference in domestic Iraqi politics and security is on the rise. Iranian bomb components, weapons, propaganda, and personnel are increasingly crossing the boarder into Iraq. What does this mean for the domestic Iraqi security situation.

I STRONGLY ENCOURAGE YOU TO USE THE UNGRADED DISCUSSION BOARD TO ASK QUESTIONS, SHARE IDEAS, AND WORK COLLABORATIVELY. USE THE REQUIRED TEXTBOOK AND REFLECT BACK ON YOUR PREVIOUS CLASSES (though your submitted work must be your own).
FINAL Assignment Details: Due on 29 August 2015
This assignment is a research paper. This means you will choose a topic that is focused on intelligence (or be intelligence related and you explain how it is important to intelligence), identify your research sources, identify and apply a research method to your paper, and draft a paper that defends your main point/thesis.
Topic: 
You must choose a topic from your area of concentration. You are free to choose any topic you are interested in or have wanted to investigate but haven’t been able to address.

ThesisYour paper must have a solid, pointed premise. A solid main point is a conclusion of analysis, based on your research that is reasoned and pointed. You cannot choose a main point, which is obvious or self-evident (terrorism led to the war in Afghanistan or the lack of WMD in Iraq was an intelligence mistake). You must ask a research question, research, and draw a conclusion or answer to the question. State that as a declarative sentence in your introduction. That declarative statement is your premise or hypothesis. You must be specific, not vague or general.

ContentYou should be sure to have a thesis that addresses the topic you are focusing on and that this thesis is CLEAR and UNAMBIGUOUS. If you have any questions about your thesis you should ask them on the open discussion board for the class. It is OK to share your ideas and ask for feedback. Also, if necessary, you can ask me for input (though you are now expected to be able to develop your own theses and know that what you’re developing is a good thesis. Your thesis must be in the first paragraph or section of your paper.
You should also be sure to have section headings, a title page, end notes (or footnotes), list of references, page numbers and all the other elements of a professional paper.
DeliverableYour paper should be 15-20 pages in length, double spaced, Times New Roman 12. You can use graphs and charts and maps, etc., provided they add new information and support your paper.
 SourcesYou should strive for 12+ references. Be sure that your selection of sources gives you balance, that they are credible and reliable and accurate (and note when they may not be).

Assumptions: 
All research papers have assumptions. These bound the problem, exclude difficult variables, provide a firm starting point. While it is not necessary to have a separate section for assumptions, it is necessary that you identify them when you make them. (For instance in an examination of covert action success you may want to make the assumption that the first CA engaged in by CIA was not representative of what occurs later in the 1950s, 60s, and 70s, and therefore should be excluded from your study.

Political Personalities

As we have seen this week when looking at both psychoanalytic and neo-psychoanalytic theory, much of our mental health and success in adulthood is related to the events and relationships of our childhood. Much like Freud, Alfred Adler believed that childhood events are pivotal for the adult. For Adler, his pivotal childhood events were the development of rickets which kept him from walking until the age of four and contracting a near-fatal case of pneumonia at age five. These events served to inculcate a lifelong ambition which centered around his becoming a physician in order to focus on the curing of deadly diseases.

According to Alfred Adler, all people have moments when they feel inferior. For many, such moments will lead them to strive to compensate for that weakness. When this happens, it leads to what he calls “superiority striving,” in which the person is motivated by his or her feelings of inferiority to overcome and strive for betterment, achievement, and perfection.

It is important to note that superiority striving is different from simply striving for power. Adler considered this an unhealthy desire because the sole goal is power. The way that someone strives to meet his or her goals from an Adlerian point of view is referred to as a style of life.

Adler is also known for his study of birth order and its impact on personality.
Research Adler’s theory using your textbook, the Internet, and the Argosy University online library resources. Based on your research, respond to the following:

  • Choose a social or political leader (current or past) to examine through an Adlerian framework of superiority striving and style of life.
    • Superiority Striving
      • What might be the motivation behind this leader’s career choice, according to Adler’s theory? What was this person’s perceived inferiority or weakness? How did this person obtain his or her high level of superiority striving? For example, Franklin Roosevelt’s bout with polio may have been responsible for some of his motivation.
    • Style of Life
      • What was his/her goal and unique style of life that could be used to achieve this goal? What steps did this person take to overcome their perceived inferiority?
      • Did this leader act out of social interest or for personal gain? What was the long-term outcome of his/her striving?
    • Birth Order
      • How would you apply Adler’s theory of birth order to this personality?

Format your paper so it is double-spaced, in 12-point Times New Roman font, and with normal one-inch margins. Include a title page with a running head, an abstract, and a reference page. Do this for all the papers for this course.

Write a 2–3-page paper in Word format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.

Term Paper on Social Media and Terrorism Recruitment

This is a term paper for my Global Terrorism class.  I have already been graded on my thesis and abstract for this paper.  I now need to have the final paper written.  The paper must be 8-10 pages of content plus (1) title page, (1) abstract page and (1) page for the bibliography.  The paper MUST be cited in the Chicago style and must be completed by Sunday July 12, 2015 eastern standard time.  I have attached the thesis and abstract below.
 

Foreign policy essay

In a 600 word essay, describe the defense and foreign policy of the United States during the Cold War and the defense and foreign policy of the United States since September 11, 2001. Answer the below questions in your response:
• What was the U.S. defense and foreign policy in each of these periods?
• What are the key differences in policy between the two periods?
• Are there similarities in the defense and foreign policy of both periods?
• How have interest groups played a role in shaping U.S. defense and foreign policy in both periods?
• How have the three branches of government used the power of checks and balances to check the power of the other branches in the area of defense and foreign policy?
• Has the power of one branch of government to check the other branch on defense and foreign policy issues changed or shifted since the Cold War period? Does one branch of government have more power today in the post-9/11 period compared to the Cold War period?
Your paper should be written using proper APA format. You should also have proper APA formatted in-text citations and ending references.
Some suggested links by me you can use what references you would like, the assignment gives no specific.
http://www.crf-usa.org/war-in-iraq/foreign-policy.html
https://www.boundless.com/political-science/textbooks/boundless-political-science-textbook/foreign-policy-18/the-history-of-american-foreign-policy-110/foreign-policy-after-the-cold-war-588-4256/
http://usforeignpolicy.about.com/od/defense/a/Us-Foreign-Policy-After-9-11.htm

International Relations assignment

International Relations scholars appear to disagree on the causes of economic underdevelopment, and unequal distribution of wealth among nations. Neo-Marxist scholars explain these inequalities through a systemic theory, focusing on a world system that benefits some states disproportionally. Others argue that the causes of economic underdevelopment are to be found in unit-level attributes. Which of these two examples do you find most compelling? Why?
In a 600 word essay, describe the defense and foreign policy of the United States during the Cold War and the defense and foreign policy of the United States since September 11, 2001. Answer the below questions in your response:
• What was the U.S. defense and foreign policy in each of these periods?
• What are the key differences in policy between the two periods?
• Are there similarities in the defense and foreign policy of both periods?
• How have interest groups played a role in shaping U.S. defense and foreign policy in both periods?
• How have the three branches of government used the power of checks and balances to check the power of the other branches in the area of defense and foreign policy?
• Has the power of one branch of government to check the other branch on defense and foreign policy issues changed or shifted since the Cold War period? Does one branch of government have more power today in the post-9/11 period compared to the Cold War period?
Your paper should be written using proper APA format. You should also have proper APA formatted in-text citations and ending references.
Some suggested links by me you can use what references you would like, the assignment gives no specific.
http://www.crf-usa.org/war-in-iraq/foreign-policy.html
https://www.boundless.com/political-science/textbooks/boundless-political-science-textbook/foreign-policy-18/the-history-of-american-foreign-policy-110/foreign-policy-after-the-cold-war-588-4256/
http://usforeignpolicy.about.com/od/defense/a/Us-Foreign-Policy-After-9-11.htm

Small-Business Opportunities with the Navy

Imagine that you are the owner of a small floor refinishing business that provides a specialty coating product for ceramic tile and marble floors. There is no other local flooring business that provides this service. Having recently received a patent on your product, you are ready to expand your business by competing for Navy contracts at the local base, which is located a few miles away. The service you want to sell is the specialty coating, the application of the coating, and a regular maintenance schedule. Your company consists of you, one office assistant, and two production employees.
Note: You will be referencing this business throughout all five assignments for this course. Please use “First Name, Last Name, Inc.” as the name of your company throughout these assignments.
Write a three (3) page paper in which you:
 

  1. Develop your company’s acquisition and planning strategy for obtaining a contract.
  2. Analyze the manner in which utilizing SmartPay or a similar program in electronic contracting will assist your company and the Navy. Provide a rationale for your response.
  3. Use at least three (3) quality references Note: Wikipedia and other related websites do not qualify as academic resources.

 
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
 

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

 
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
 

  • Describe the nature of government contracting, including authority, responsibilities, and legal considerations.
  • Explain the government acquisition process using sealed bidding, negotiations, and alternative contracting methods.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in federal acquisition and contract management.
  • Write clearly and concisely about federal acquisition and contract management using proper writing mechanics.

Federalism and Constitutional Debates

Regulation of commerce
Religious freedom
Free speech
Privacy rights
Equal protection under law
Select one of these topics for this assignment and create a hypothetical personal opinion article (op-ed) for your local newspaper. In this op-ed, you must take a position supporting or opposing the issue you select. Even though you will be choosing a side, you must discuss both sides of the argument and then provide a logical argument why your position is valid, credible, and should be supported.
Your paper should be organized into the following sections and should:
Introduce the position.
Discuss the argument in support of the position.
Discuss the counter argument to the position.
Evaluate the merits of the argument and explain why it is valid.
Conclude and summarize the main findings.
The paper must be four to five pages in length (not including title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style. You must utilize at least three scholarly sources.

America's foreign policy

arc A. Thiessen, a Washington Post journalist, compared and contrasted Presidents Bush and Obama’s military doctrines in an editorial, titled, The Obama-Bush Doctrine. The article can be found, here:http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/the-obama-bush-doctrine/2012/05/31/gJQAGZmM4U_story.html

Both Bush and Obama’s doctrines spell out the rules of U.S. military engagement in today’s post-Cold War era.

How has the use of both the Bush and Obama’s military doctrines affected the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq? How has the use of these military doctrines altered America’s reputation with the countries of the Middle East, Iran, China, and Europe?

Texas Government

The governor of Texas is considered relatively weak by national standards. Texas has a plural executive, meaning voters elect a lot of the executive branch officials (comptroller, agriculture commissioner, land commissioner, lieutenant governor, attorney general, etc.) independently. The governor, therefore, has little control over the executive branch of state government, since the guys who run it mostly don’t report to him – they answer only to the voters.
One area where the governor holds real power, though, is in the legislative process. The Texas Constitution allows the governor to call the state legislature into special session and gives him the sole power to set the session’s agenda. Bills on subjects not included in the governor’s “call” cannot be considered. The Constitution also allows the governor the power to veto bills passed by the legislature. While the legislature technically has the power to override his veto with a 2/3 vote, he generally vetoes bills after the legislature has adjourned – making the threat of an override meaningless.
The Constitutional deadline for Governor Greg Abbott to veto bills passed by the last regular session of the Texas Legislature was Sunday, June 21, 2015. He vetoed a total of 42 bills.
Your assignment:
Take a look at the bills vetoed by Governor Abbott last week:
http://www.legis.state.tx.us/Reports/Report.aspx?LegSess=84R&ID=vetoedbygov
Pick three. Write one essay explaining what each bill did, why Governor Abbott vetoed it, and whether or not you agree with the governor’s decision.
Submit this assignment in Microsoft Word. Cite your sources.

The Evolution of the Prison System

In the US criminal justice system, we make a distinction between prisons and jails. Our jail system is used to house those awaiting trial or those sentenced to less than one year. Our prison system is reserved for those sentenced to more than one year. The history of the prison system in the United States is rich and complicated. We have gone from warehousing inmates to a system that provides education and other services to inmates.

Using the Argosy University Online Library, find at least two articles that describe significant changes to the prison systems in the United States beyond what you learned about in your textbook. You can consider federal or state prisons, but keep focused on prisons as opposed to local (i.e., county or city) jails.

As you review the evolution of the correctional processes, think about how these changes have been impacted by those who have not been and will never be incarcerated. Think about how punishment within the correctional system has changed and the advancement of inmate rights.

Submission Details:

in a minimum of 250 words, post your responses to the following topics in the Discussion Area.

  • Describe what you have learned from your library research about changes to the prison system. Be sure to cite your sources in the APA style.
  • Explain what changes have benefited the prison system and how.
  • Describe what additional changes would you implement.

Green Revolution – Public Policy

Using the current “Green Revolution” as the policy topic, prepare a policy paper for submission to a think tank.

Using Table 9.2 Elements of an Issue Paper and Methods for Creating Information Relevant to Each Element as an example your paper should contain sections I (Background of the Problem), II (Significance of the Problem), III (Problem Statement) and IV (Analysis of the Alternatives). Additionally, Appendix 1 The Policy Issue Paper contains a checklist that serves as a practical guide for elements of the policy paper. Lastly, the paper should adopt a specific position and prescribe or advocate the case for the policy initiative that you are proposing.

Your policy paper should be a minimum of ten (10) pages and should not exceed twenty (20) pages.

Select a policy issue that is in the middle of these cross-currents between national, state, and local authority

The U.S. government’s expansive role in public policy is caught in a swirl of conflicting cross-currents. On the one hand, popular expectations about government’s responsibility to solve problems often exceed the capacity of state and local authorities to respond effectively. On the other hand, policies developed at the national level may not sufficiently reflect the great diversity of interests across the US to be effective at the local level. Moreover, the search for effective policy is further complicated by theoretical debates about the constitutional framework of federalism (e.g., what limits on national power can be derived from the 10th Amendment?).
Select a policy issue that is in the middle of these cross-currents between national, state, and local authority. It must be a policy area other than education (the focus of Discussion One in Week Two). Some examples include: federal health care policy (e.g., Obamacare, Medicaid–not Medicare); federal transportation policy (e.g., federal transportation subsidies); federal highway policy (e.g., federal rules about the minimum drinking age, speed limits, or safety); federal urban planning and renewal policy; federal poverty, welfare and unemployment policies; national security policies that intersect/conflict with local police power; and federal disaster planning and relief. These are only examples. The policy area that you select must have a significant federalism component that requires national, state, and local interaction. It should also involve issues with a strong potential for tension or conflict among different levels of government.
Research and write an essay on a specific policy in the area that you select. (Note: The word “policy” is used interchangeably with the word “program.”) Your essay must:

  1. Clearly identify a specific federal policy (the policy must raise issues of federalism because it requires national, state, and local interaction and invites tension across different levels of government), and summarize the elements of the policy, including the problem it is supposed to solve or improve.
  2. Summarize the history of the policy. In your summary, explain how the policy raises issues of federalism.
  3. Analyze the main pros and cons in debates about the policy.
  4. Evaluate the pros and cons from two perspectives:
  • The policy’s effectiveness. In your evaluation, clearly explain your definition of effectiveness and how it should be measured or determined.
  • The policy’s consistency with the constitutional framework of federalism. In your evaluation, clearly explain your interpretation of American federalism’s constitutional framework and why the federal policy is or is not consistent with it.

Follow these requirements when writing the short essay:

  1. The body of the essay (excluding the title page and reference page) must be at least 850 words long.
  2. The essay must start with a short introductory paragraph which includes a clear thesis statement. The thesis statement must tell readers what the essay will demonstrate.
  3. The essay must end with a short paragraph which includes a conclusion. The conclusion and thesis must be consistent.
  4. The essay must logically develop the thesis in a way that leads to the conclusion, and must be supported by facts, fully explained concepts or assertions, and persuasive reasoning.
  5. The essay must address all subtopics outlined above. At least 20% of the essay must focus on subtopic six, listed above (your evaluation of the various pros and cons about the policy).
  6. Your essay must cite at least one academic article found in the Ashford Online Library and at least three other kinds of sources (e.g., Supreme Court opinions, magazine or newspaper articles, the course textbook, and reliable websites).
  7. Use your own words. While brief quotes from sources may be used, altogether the total amount of quoted text must be less than five percent of the body of your essay.
  8. When you use someone else’s words, they must be enclosed in quotation marks followed by an APA in-text short citation (author, year, and page) to your source. The in-text citation must correspond to a full APA citation for the source on the reference page at the end of the essay.
  9. When you express someone else’s ideas, arguments, or facts in your own words, your statement must be followed by an APA in-text short citation (author, year, and page) to your source. The in-text citation must correspond to a full APA citation for the source in the reference page.
  10. The form of the title page, the body pages, and the reference page must comply with APA style. Additionally, the title page must include the course number and name, the instructor’s name, and the date submitted.
  11. The essay must use logical paragraph and sentence transitions, complete and clear sentences, and correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

Bureaucracy

Is the bureaucracy as powerful as the other three branches of our government?
•Note: a bureaucracy is an administrative system, especially in a government, that divides work into specific categories carried out by special departments of nonelected officials.
•Write a 2 to 3 page, APA style paper, explaining why you think it is or is not possible for the “Fourth Branch” of our government (the bureaucracy) to be equal with the other three branches.
•Include the opposing position along with your rebuttal of that opposing position.
•For example, if you believe that the “Fourth Branch of the US government should be equal to the other three branches (and why), your rebuttal would be to people that do not believe the “Fourth Branch” of the US government should be equal to the other three branches (and why).
•Include a title page and 3-5 references. Only one of your references may be found online (not Wikipedia). The other references must be found in the Grantham University online library. Please see the rubric below.

American National Government

Policy-making in the Federal System
The U.S. government’s expansive role in public policy is caught in a swirl of conflicting cross-currents. On the one hand, popular expectations about government’s responsibility to solve problems often exceed the capacity of state and local authorities to respond effectively. On the other hand, policies developed at the national level may not sufficiently reflect the great diversity of interests across the US to be effective at the local level. Moreover, the search for effective policy is further complicated by theoretical debates about the constitutional framework of federalism (e.g., what limits on national power can be derived from the 10th Amendment?).
Select a policy issue that is in the middle of these cross-currents between national, state, and local authority. It must be a policy area other than education (the focus of Discussion One in Week Two). Some examples include: federal health care policy (e.g., Obamacare, Medicaid–not Medicare); federal transportation policy (e.g., federal transportation subsidies); federal highway policy (e.g., federal rules about the minimum drinking age, speed limits, or safety); federal urban planning and renewal policy; federal poverty, welfare and unemployment policies; national security policies that intersect/conflict with local police power; and federal disaster planning and relief. These are only examples. The policy area that you select must have a significant federalism component that requires national, state, and local interaction. It should also involve issues with a strong potential for tension or conflict among different levels of government.
Research and write an essay on a specific policy in the area that you select. (Note: The word “policy” is used interchangeably with the word “program.”) Your essay must:

  1. Clearly identify a specific federal policy (the policy must raise issues of federalism because it requires national, state, and local interaction and invites tension across different levels of government), and summarize the elements of the policy, including the problem it is supposed to solve or improve.
  2. Summarize the history of the policy. In your summary, explain how the policy raises issues of federalism.
  3. Analyze the main pros and cons in debates about the policy.
  4. Evaluate the pros and cons from two perspectives:
    • The policy’s effectiveness. In your evaluation, clearly explain your definition of effectiveness and how it should be measured or determined.
    • The policy’s consistency with the constitutional framework of federalism. In your evaluation, clearly explain your interpretation of American federalism’s constitutional framework and why the federal policy is or is not consistent with it.

Follow these requirements when writing the short essay:

  1. The body of the essay (excluding the title page and reference page) must be at least 750 words long.
  2. The essay must start with a short introductory paragraph which includes a clear thesis statement. The thesis statement must tell readers what the essay will demonstrate.
  3. The essay must end with a short paragraph which includes a conclusion. The conclusion and thesis must be consistent.
  4. The essay must logically develop the thesis in a way that leads to the conclusion, and must be supported by facts, fully explained concepts or assertions, and persuasive reasoning.
  5. The essay must address all subtopics outlined above. At least 20% of the essay must focus on subtopic six, listed above (your evaluation of the various pros and cons about the policy).
  6. Your essay must cite at least one academic article found in the Ashford Online Library and at least three other kinds of sources (e.g., Supreme Court opinions, magazine or newspaper articles, the course textbook, and reliable websites).
  7. Use your own words. While brief quotes from sources may be used, altogether the total amount of quoted text must be less than five percent of the body of your essay.
  8. When you use someone else’s words, they must be enclosed in quotation marks followed by an APA in-text short citation (author, year, and page) to your source. The in-text citation must correspond to a full APA citation for the source on the reference page at the end of the essay.
  9. When you express someone else’s ideas, arguments, or facts in your own words, your statement must be followed by an APA in-text short citation (author, year, and page) to your source. The in-text citation must correspond to a full APA citation for the source in the reference page.
  10. The form of the title page, the body pages, and the reference page must comply with APA style. Additionally, the title page must include the course number and name, the instructor’s name, and the date submitted.
  11. The essay must use logical paragraph and sentence transitions, complete and clear sentences, and correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

For information regarding APA, including samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar in your online course.

Democracy, Ideology, and Mass Participation

stating a clear thesis in your first paragraph, with strong and specific evidence to support that thesis, and a clear and connecting close. Question: In Chapter 2 of his “In Defence of Politics, 5th ed. Crick quoted Hannah Arendt from her “Origins of Totalitarianism.” Arendt wrote: “…it is painful to realize that (totalitarian regimes, such as the Nazis, or Marxist-Leninists) are always preceded by mass movements and that they command and rest upon mass support…up to the end.” In your own views, and taking what you have read in “Democracy,” and the above quote, what were Arendt, and Crick warning against? Is it a problem of “mass movements,” as such? Or is their perceived problem the product of crises such as World War I followed by the Great Depression giving rise to extreme mass movements against constitutional democracy? Or perhaps are both Crick, and Arendt beforehand, both over-reacting to long-past, historical totalitarianisms? Your essay should be 4 to 5 pages, single-sided and double-spaced, typed into the Moodle system, edited and spell-checked. Focus on, and stay with your thesis, from start to close.

Compare US border security to Israeli border security.

Topic: United States Border Security; compare US border security to Israeli border security.
This paper is to be a portion of a group project.
I will need 2-3 pages.
APA style format sources on:
The identification of the unique threats Israel faces and the same for the US and compare the two.
Instructions
In small groups (two to three students), you will select a current international event and, using the comparative analysis technique, you will develop a series of possible outcomes related to international homeland security and specifically to US homeland security. Each small group will prepare a six- to eight-page paper using the format specified in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). The paper will outline the event, issues, and potential outcomes. The papers will be posted in the conferences for class discussion.

The Ku Klux Klan & Boko Haram

Comparison of Organized Crime and Terrorist Groups Presentation

Create a 4- to 5-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation with speaker’s notes, comparing a domestic organized criminal group with a terrorist group. Select one of each based on the readings and additional resources, and answer the following questions: The Ku Klux Klan & Boko Haram

  • Introduction
  • Identify past and current trends for each group, and plot out future trends or actions in which each group may potentially take part on a national and international level.
  • Conclusion

Format your references consistent with APA guidelines. Include intext citations and references

Political science assignment

Investigate the office of governor in your state. How long is her/his term? Are there limits on how many terms in office she/he can serve? How much is she/he paid? Does the governor have a large staff to support her/him? What about the governor’s informal power? Does your governor enjoy strong popular support and positive local media coverage?

Political science

In 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait, claiming that Kuwait was stealing oil from an oil field that straddled the Iraq-Kuwait border and that the territory of Kuwait had historically been a province of Iraq. Iraq quickly overran Kuwait, which was much smaller and militarily weaker than Iraq. Once Iraq had taken over Kuwait, it destroyed property records and other important documents, as if to eradicate the legal vestiges of the Kuwaiti government. Iraq also postured in a way that was widely viewed as threatening Saudi Arabia, home to the most important oil fields in the world. In 1991, the United Nations Security Council authorized military action to evict Iraq, and a multinational force with 34 members soon evicted Iraq from Kuwait and restored the Kuwaiti government. The League of Arab States also approved of military action to reverse the invasion of Kuwait; both Iraq and Kuwait were (and still are) members of the league, and a number of Arab states participated in the military action. Under the terms of the 1991 ceasefire after the restoration of the Kuwaiti government, Iraq pledged to dismantle its weapons of mass destruction (WMD) programs. It was widely believed that Iraq was developing nuclear weapons. Furthermore, it was documented by the UN that Iraq had actually used chemical WMDs against Iranian troops during the Iran-Iraq War of the 1980s and against a minority population in Iraq in 1988. In response to Iraq’s noncompliance with the commitments it made in the 1991 ceasefire, the UN authorized economic sanctions against it. Despite the sanctions, Iraq continued to defy the UN inspectors who were responsible for checking on Iraq’s progress in dismantling its WMD programs, and relations between Iraq and the United States reached a critical level. In part, this may have been a reaction on the part of the United States to the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on New York City and the Pentagon. Iraq had nothing to do with the attacks, but the attacks heightened the concerns of US leaders about the dangers of nuclear weaponry in the hands of adversaries. Convinced that Iraq was developing WMDs, the United States raised its concerns at the UN, but did not request Security Council authorization for military action against Iraq to enforce the WMD terms of the 1991 ceasefire. UN authorization may not have been requested because the United States knew that the Security Council would not authorize the action; five members of the Security Council have veto power, which is to say any one of them could have prevented the authorization from being passed. The United States claimed that a UN authorization was not necessary because the 1991 ceasefire agreement provided the necessary authority; this view was not widely shared. In 2003, the United States and several allies (the United Kingdom, Australia, and Poland) invaded Iraq to enforce the WMD provisions of the ceasefire, but even after defeating Iraqi military forces, no WMDs were found. Setting aside your personal views of the Iraq War and its aftermath of violence, compare and contrast the 1991 and 2003 military actions with respect to the roles of the United States, the United Nations, and other states.

Obamacare health care reform

the assignment will provide background information on the historical development of the policy. The paper will also focus on a critical analysis of the selected policy. This paper should address the following issues.
1 identify the policy
2 History of this policy or related policies
3 A description of the policy as it currently exists
4 what are the stated goals and objectives of the policy
5 what are the hidden goals and objectives of the policy
6 identify and discuss the programs implemented as a result of the policy
7 discuss the effectiveness (strengths and weakness)of the program
8 recommend alternative approaches
9 feasibility of the alternative approaches given the current social economic and political environment.

Texas Government

The project consists of producing a 500-750 word essay on one of the provided topics (see below), as well as a works cited page for sources containing information used in the essay. The assignment is to be formatted according to the Modern Language Association (MLA) style. Papers not formatted properly will not receive a passing grade. Please choose from one of the following topics for your writing assignment:
In Chapter 5, “Voting, Campaigns, and Elections,” the authors provide an in-depth discussion of voter turnout. Complete the following:
Explain how voter turnout is measured.
Compare voter turnout in the U.S. with that in other countries.
Describe the factors that affect the level of voter turnout in the United States.
Compare voter turnout in Texas to that in the United States as a whole.
Identify the historic and contemporary factors which have led to a culture of low voter turnout in Texas.
How do you think voter turnout could be increased in Texas?
Describe the use of campaign contributions by lobbies and explain the extent to which lobbying is regulated in Texas.
Identify the organization responsible for overseeing lobbying in Texas.
Compare regulation of campaign finance at the national and state level (in Texas).
What appears to be difference in approach between the two?
Which method do you believe is better for purposes of maintaining the integrity of the election process?
Describe the characteristics and functions of American political parties.
Explain the relationship between the national political parties and the state political parties.
Review the Texas Democratic Party platform and the Texas Republican Party platform and explain the differences.
Compare each state party platform to its national party platform counterpart and explain the differences between the national and state party platforms.
Why do you believe differences would exist between the national and state party platforms?

Turkish Foreign Policy

How Does Turkey maintains its good relationship with Russia, despite of having much dissidence
Russian Turkey relations refer to the bilateral relationship between the Russian federation and Republic of Turkey and their predecessor states. Both states and nations have longstanding history from era of war to an era of where bilateral commerce relationship have strongly provoked by the leaders of both states, for the sake of improvement in each sector, nowadays. In my paper, i will mainly address early Turkish and soviet relations where the relations were tougher, to the republican era where main area of interest was based upon cooperation between two strong states of the region. Finally, i will consider touching upon recent regional based dissidences between Turkey and Russian federation on subjects such Crimea, Syria and many other and try to put applicable and valid reasons on where both states prefer to cooperate and enhance their trade volumes although there is much dissidence going on.
The early cooperation began with the Brest-Litovsk agreement that was signed between the Bolshevik government of Russia and the Central powers on March 3 1918, where Ottoman government was a part of the agreement. Russian leader Lenin, then viewed Turkish national movement under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal as positive and held a positive view then (Huntington, 2010). Moreover, it is noteworthy to emphasize that the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic was the second state to formally recognize the Kremalist government of Turkey, in March, 1921. In the meantime, Moscow agreement was signed in March 1921 between the Lenin government and the Grand National Assembly of Turkey that is followed by on-going agreements that can improve bonds between two countries. Treaty of Moscow was followed by a similar treaty of Kars by Kremalists with Soviet Armenia, Soviet Azerbaijan and Soviet Georgia, which formed part of the Soviet Union. The first serious tensions in the Turkish-Soviet relations emerged during the negotiations that consequently led to signing of Montreoux Convention in 1936. In montreoux convention, Turkey regained possession over the Straits which allowed them to remilitarize. At the Potsdam conference, with the backing of the west Turkey prevailed over Russia on the issue of having Black Sea military powers in the straits. Truman doctrine as an important phenomenon in the history of international relations, kept countries such as Turkey and Greece non-communist unlike the Soviet Union countries (Ismael & Perry, 2013). In regard of that , one can claim there were always dissidence and different level of opinions among two countries; Russia and Turkey as it is applicable to today’s political environment just as past. Turkey then chose to be at the side of non-communist parties in favour of the United States, just as Turkey followed a different path from Russian federation in cases of Crimea and Syria in the recent period of time. Turkey and Soviet Union were in different camps in the Korean War and throughout the Cold War period.
Bilateral trade has for a long time given rise the Russian-Turkish relation due to their interdependence and their proximity to each other. It is believed that though the two nations are faced by challenges that threaten to loosen their friendship they have maintained a good relation. Turkey benefits a lot form the energy that is supplied from Russian natural gas that accounts to more than 60% of oil that is consumed in the country (Morell, 2012). This translates to saving a lot from the transportation costs if it is got from other nations that supply gas. They also benefit from the cheap supply due to the long term relation and also being the main customer within the region. Such economic ties make the two nations to have mutual benefits that strengthen their interdependence. This makes the two nations to experience a dramatic upswing in their friendship despite the misunderstandings that they experienced in their history.
Initially Crimea was a Russian territory until 1954 when Ukraine edged out of the Soviet Union. This region is home to an ethnic group known as Turkic Tatars who have a common bloody relationship with Turkish people. During 1940’s Turkic Tartars were brutalized and suffered mass deportations under the hands of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin (Durham, 2014). That’s the reason why they have been so vocal in opposing the annexation of Crimea back to Russia. The Russo Turkish war of 1768-1774 which was won by Russia made it possible for them to sign a treaty of Kucuk Kaynarca declaring Crimea as their territory (Kuzio, 2007). It was until 1954 when Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev placed that region under Ukrainian territorial borders. Ukraine attained their independence in 1991 and Crimea officially became part of Ukraine.
Crimea is one of the main factors under which Turkish-Russian relationship is based. It has been a central point of contention and Turkey has openly differed with Russia on some of the Russian military activities in that region. The Crimean crisis whereby Ukraine was caught in a power struggle with Russia presented Turkey with a dilemma due to reserved relations that they have with Russia. Turkey knows very well that Russia was wrong to invade territorial boundaries of an independent republic; however, they risked to lose trade relations from Russia if they adopt a hard-line stance in dealing with Moscow. It is important to note European countries and US imposed economic sanctions to Moscow after it annexed Crimea. On the other hand, Turkey made rhetorical statements against Russian military action in Ukraine without taking any substantial measure to force Russia out of Crimea. Turkish actions showed that they were deeply concerned about Ukraine, but were reluctant to risk a military confrontation with Russia (Madden, 2006). They always insisted on making emphasis about Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. It was clear that Turkey was not ready to assume a more aggressive stance on dealing with Ukrainian crisis due to bilateral trade ties that they have with Russia.
Russian military incursion to Crimea was informed by what they termed as legitimate and necessary step to protect Ethnic Russians living in Crimean peninsula (Madden, 2006). Historical reasons on the ownership and control of Crimea may be one of the main reasons for its recent annexation, though Moscow denied such claims and purported to be protecting the interests of native Russians in the region. Despite all the historical struggles and fight between Russian and Turkey in controlling power in the Peninsula region, they both have put their interests aside and focused on promoting trade and economic ties which are of great benefit to both regional powers. Majority of people living in the Crimean peninsula are the Russian speaking people and Russia feels entitled to control the region as well as the resources. Crimea is strategically placed and can be a great window for Russian entry and relations with Eastern Europe. On the contrary Turkey has a history of defending their ethnic people wherever they are in the world be it in Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan or in Russia (Panibratov, 2013). For instance, the Turkic Tartas is an ethnic group that represents about 12% of Crimean population is the main reason Turkey opposes Russian Incursion in that region.
Turkey is a non EU member of NATO. In that regard, it is highly unlikely that USA and European Union could push Turkey into imposing sanctions on Russia regarding Ukraine crisis. So Turkey has felt little pressure from EU members. Turkey relies on EU primarily on military instruments and personnel rather than on Economic issues. It would not forego its economic its economic benefits that it enjoys from Russia. For instance, Turkish energy demands to a tune of 60% gets from Russia. These includes, oil, natural gas and power. It also receives Russian tourists who in 2014 were up to 14 million and that translates to about $40 billion increase in GDP (Madden, 2006). No European nation is in a better position to push Turkey in imposing sanctions on Russia because Russian has been one of their historical allies and both support each other economically to a level where each needs the other despite numerous geopolitical differences arising from power struggles in the region.
According to the Russian Central Bank statistics turkey is the leading trade partner in services, being the number one destination for Russian tourists. Turkey is endowed with beautiful beaches such as Aegean beaches that attract a big number of tourists from all over Europe and Asian continent. The foreign exchange that is got from the service trade enables the company to service the balance of trade for the country especially from its imports from Russia (Ismael & Perry, 2013). The two countries have organised for a visa free travels for their citizens allowing them to stay for more than two months. This increases the confidence of the investors in the service industry in that they are assured of their job security. EU and Turkey have also established a road map for visa free travels although it has not been completely finalised. This clearly depicts the level of confidence the two countries have to strengthen their relations and can never be willing to go against each other as a result of disagreements. They would therefore rather solve their issues amicably to salvage their benefits due to their over reliance to each other.
Russia is also more developed than Turkey and benefits from the contracts that its investors get from other countries with most of them coming from Turkey. The construction companies such as the real estate invest heavily from such opportunities that the Turkish government assigns to them. The Russian government also benefits more from the Turkish market for their Engineers than any other country in Asia and therefore the need to maintain their good relation. Russia being a superpower and having invested in education, a lot its citizens has very qualified civil engineers that it prides itself and are sourced to build infrastructure in Turkey.
The interdependence between the two economies has enabled the circulation of money that has spurred the development and circulation of knowledge and wealth. The support that each country gets from the other enables it to grow its economy through the investment in infrastructure further strengthening their ties. The cooperation between the two countries has also enabled them to defend themselves from the menace of terror groups such as ISIS in Middle East. This is because in case of an attack by an enemy each is available to offer a helping hand thereby protecting them from being controlled by their enemies.
When Russian government had invaded Crimea, the Turkish government was against but unlike other nations it was soft to Russia. Turkish government only voiced their views and never engaged to wars or sanctions unlike countries such as Ukraine. Turkey being home to approximately 5 million citizens of Crimean Tatar who had their ethnic heritage, but opted not to engage in violence. Russian involvement in Crimea also attracted a lot of attention from the western countries and resulted to sanctions as punishment. Russia reacted by banning the food stuffs that it used to import from Europe and instead Turkey supported them and supplied them with food stuffs despite taking different sides in Crimea. This clearly shows the unity that exists in the two countries despite the external forces that can be facing them. It therefore serves as a way of fighting control of other super powers such as US and other western countries as they oppressively does to smaller countries that depend on them.
The two governments meet to discuss on the various ways of improving their economic ties by several meetings of their respective countries presidents and cabinet ministers. Such meetings allow them to air their views and what they think should be done to stir up the economies such as that they can allow more investments. A good example of such meeting is the council meeting held in 2013 that increased the trade volume to $33 billion from $32.7 billion with a projection of reaching $100 billion in 2020 (Özdal, Özertem, Has, & Demirtepe, 2013). With such strategies being accomplished, it is unlikely for the two nations to stage wars against each other even in cases of disagreements arising from external forces. Russia, having most of it land arid and semi-arid depends on importing food stuffs and the safest it can get is from Turkey where there are no conditions. On the other hand Turkey has lesser oil and natural gas deposits and relies entirely on the imports from Russia since natural gas is the main source for power in its industries. This clearly shows how the two nations are interdependent on each other and they can never in any way strongly differ however a situation can be tough.
The two nations being united have been able to challenge the super powers such as Europe and US since they can entirely rely on their synergies in their resources. A good example is when Russia was sanctioned by Europe countries following the row with Ukraine over Crimea. Being stable nations, the sanctions did not affect Russia but instead they also banned their imports from Europe that had more adverse effects to them than in Russia. Russia also banned the use of dollar as the standard currency in their bilateral trade and started using their own currency. It further worsened the Europe countries that relied on the exports from Russia and turkey since the two nations united against the common enemy and shared their resources without adhering to any countries commands.
Following the 1936 Monteux convention that gave Turkey control over the straights that guarantees free passage of ships in peacetime, it also restricts the passage of ships not belonging to Black sea states. Russia not being one of the Black Sea states enjoys leniency from Turkey since it is a good ally to Turkey. Russia is therefore able to navigate to the Eastern Europe with its ships to transport its natural resources such as natural oil and gas without any restrictions from Turkey as long as they do not cross the red line (Ismael & Perry, 2013). This makes it clear that in case they are faced with any disagreements then the two countries can suffer a lot from their competitors and rivals. Both countries supplement each other by being the main market for the other’s goods and services.
The two countries cover a vast area and they are strategically positioned in the 3 continents. Russia is therefore forced to depend mainly on Turkey to get into either of the African or Europe using the shortest route. It is therefore rational for the two countries to maintain a good relation so that they can utilise their potential without being forced to look for other trading partners who at times will have conflict of interests. Turkey has also maintained the best relations with many of the Middle East and its neighbours like Ukraine and also shares a common origin. Russia benefits from the good relations created by its ally and so does Turkey from the many benefits it accrues from Russia. They are able to interlink and benefit much from their networks.
In the bid to accommodate the emerging economies, Turkey and Moscow have defined a policy to reform the International financial system. By incorporating the other smaller economies that are coming up, then it is obvious that the market for their products and access to raw materials in the smaller countries will be utilised. The emerging economies have little knowledge and they can provide manpower for the firms and companies in the two giant Nations. Their area of operation is thereby adjacent to each other and their success is dependent on how best they remain united. It is probably the basis of the target of $100 billion worth of trade in the year 2020 (Madden, 2006). This definitely marks a big step in their economies and the two can remain to have enormous influence over their neighbouring economic rivals and terrorists who have sabotaged economies of several countries in the Middle East.
Turkey has never been ready to align herself with European Union and United States in confronting Moscow for obvious reasons. It benefits more economically than any other state in the region. That was clearly seen in October 2013 when Turkish ambassador to Russia Yardim Umit made a declaration that his government would not impose sanctions on Kremlin if asked to do so by NATO allies (Hall, 2013). When European Union and USA declared to impose sanctions on Kremlin, Russia made retaliation by banning all European foodstuffs. That development lead to loss of business ties between Russia and Europe. Turkey moved in and increased their food exports to Russia and provided a remedy to the Russians. On that note, Russians also banned the use of dollars as the bilateral trading currency and opted to use their local currency for trade. This move was a show of might as well as a protest vote against The US and European Union powers.
The conduct of Turkey not to align herself with USA and NATO powers in isolating Moscow has made Russia to firmly believe that NATO is not unified as their leaders claim. Historically, Russia has been making efforts in exacerbating tensions among the members of the alliance. They have constantly used non provocative techniques to cause tensions and disunite NATO alliance and it has worked well for them. Russian foreign policies are aimed at creating unfavourable environment among allied forces and this strategy has seen Russia succeed in creating a formidable alliance with Turkey not only in creating an active diplomacy with them, but also in changing their perception of their interests and goals. The change of perception has made Turkey prefer their economic interests and their national goals against European Union’s military support. In that regard, Turkey has remained hesitant for a very long time to join the European Union despite its strategic location.
Russia sees Turkey as a key market to their goods and services especially in the energy sector. Moreover, they see Turkey as a strategic partner in counterterrorism due to its economic might and closeness to Middle East countries such as Syria and Iraq. Being a country dominated by Muslims, its religious closeness with Middle East countries makes them a great partner in applying diplomacy on some of underlying issues of terrorism in the region. United States and European Union prefer coercive counterterrorism measures which are widely disregarded by Kremlin. Kremlin sees US in roads to Middle East as a strategy to control the region. Being a second superpower, Russia adopts a different strategy to frustrate US counterterrorism strategies by portraying their as the best and the most effective way of dealing with global terror. Kremlin also sees terror as an US problem which should not be made a global problem by dragging each and every nation in fighting US wars. It is important to note that most of the terror activities in Middle East were initially done in protest of US invasion in those countries.
Moscow and Ankara differs entirely on some regional issues such as the civil war in Syria. While Turkey Is firmly opposed to Bashar al Assad’s brutal mistreatment of rebels, Moscow sees it as the only best way to deal with emerging extremism and radicalization in the Arab nation. The Russian involvement in Syrian crisis and their take on civil war in Syria is guided by their interests on the ground. Russia has a lot of strategic interests whereby their order of priorities inform their actions and policy. For instance, Russia has a long standing arms-trade relationship with Syria whereby Syria provides a huge market for Russian arms. In that regard, it is highly unlikely that Kremlin can support the regime change in Syria. They would continue to work with president Bashar al Assad since that promotes their business interests (Morell, 2012). On the other hand Turkey is a regional player and powerhouse who would want to see a secure region. Being a stable economy, Turkey promotes activities that would not interfere with their business interests. For instance, the tourism sector in Turkey is flourishing and it is under threat with the rise of ISIL terror network in Syria and Iraq. Civil war in Iraq and Syria would affect their trade relations with her neighbours. Turkey was firmly opposed to President Al Assad’s violent attacks on civilian rebels who were demanding a regime change. Turkey and Russia had differing opinions and take on this particular issue because each of them focused on business and national interests. However, this did not train the bilateral relations between the two due to one common bond which is trade.
There are several thousands of Russian people living in Syria. The people are married to Syrians and they form the Syria’s Orthodox Christian Community. Russia has good relations as well as the sympathy to the Orthodox Christians who live along the Black Sea and Mediterranean regions. Turkey adopted a different stand on this issue as they have hard-line stance on Orthodox Christians living both in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Turkish take on this group is informed by the fact that majority of their citizens are Muslims and the minority Christians are never allowed to control the Black Sea waters. Russian interest on this issue is informed by the fact that it seeks to protect the interests of their countrymen and women who are either married in those regions. However, their differences on Orthodox Christians still did not pose any threat to Russian Turkish relations although it strained them a little bit.
Some of the strong issues that keep them together is the fact that there is still a room for growth in terms of bilateral trade and bilateral relations. Turkish strategic location running across three different continents creates a synergy that appeals Russia. For instance the state owned Gazprom from Turkey and Russia’s energy relations and the presence of Black sea as a route to Eastern Europe strengthens their economic ties with Russia despite regional power differences that exist between them in history (Madden, 2006). Turkey appears to share some of the Russian financial perspectives and policies on the need to strengthen international financial systems so as to strengthen trade ties with small and emerging economies. Meanwhile, the Soviet’s dismissal of western capitalism and political influence in the regions goes well with the Turkish national interests as it stands to benefit from trade relations across the Balkan and Middle East region more than any other country (Panibratov, 2013).
In conclusion, Turkish relations with the Soviet Union and later the Republic of Russia have a historical background that dates almost two centuries ago. The points of relations are based on political power struggles in the region, bilateral trade relations as well as opposition to western influence and capitalism whereby the Soviet Union advocated for socialism and regional unity without necessarily seeking assistance from the West. Regional power struggles have created several differences of opinion between Turkey and Russia. For instance, the Incursion of Crimea by Russia where both countries have interests in their respective kinsmen. Syrian civil war also created differences which were economically based as Russian wants to trade with Syria while Turkey wants a stable region to promote their local investments such as tourism. With all the underlying differences in opinion and foreign policies between Turkey and Russia, their bilateral trade ties in Energy, food, Infrastructure and Tourism have held them together putting their Geopolitical differences aside for the sake of their respective national interests and goals
References
Beacháin, D. Ó., & Polese, A. (2010). The Colour Revolutions in the Former Soviet Republics: Successes and Failures. London: Taylor & Francis.
Durham, R. B. (2014). False Flags, Covert Operations, & Propaganda. Raleigh: Lulu.com.
Habibe Özdal; Hasan Selim Özertem; Kerim Has; M. Turgut Demirtepe. (2013). Turkish-Russian Relations in The Post-Cold War Period: Current Dynamics, Future Prospects. Ankara: International Strategic Research Organization (USAK).
Hall, G. O. (2013). Authority, Ascendancy, and Supremacy: China, Russia, and the United States’ Pursuit of Relevancy and Power. London: Routledge.
Huntington, S. P. (2010). The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World O. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Ismael, T. Y., & Perry, G. E. (2013). The International Relations of the Contemporary Middle East: Subordination and Beyond. London: Routledge.
Kuzio, T. (2007). Ukraine–Crimea–Russia: Triangle of Conflict. Stuttgart: Ibidem-Verlag.
Madden, R. R. (2006). The Turkish empire: In its relations with Christianity and civilization. London: T. C. Newby.
Morell, J. R. (2010). Russia as it is ; and Turkey, past and present: their history, resources, court, and people. London: G. Routledge.
Morell, J. R. (2012). Turkey, Past and Present: Its History, Topography, and Resources. London: Routledge.
Panibratov, A. (2013). Russian Multinationals: From Regional Supremacy to Global Lead. London: Routledge.

Political ideology

By now, you have gained some insight regarding political ideologies and how they are applied to American government. Now, you will turn your attention to yourself by determining your own political philosophy. Many Americans claim that they belong to a certain party, or follow a certain ideology, without ever taking the time to figure out if that assessment is really accurate. For this project, you will want to explain the origins of the political ideology with which you are aligned. You will then consider how this ideology impacts you, and discuss its prospects for future political success. When you consider the origins of the ideology you chose, you will want to explain when, how, and why you identify with this particular ideology.

You will want to consider the following questions when writing your essay:

  • Were you surprised by the political ideology to which you belong? Why or why not?

  • What are the origins of that political ideology?

  • What are your ideology’s prospects for future political success? Do you anticipate that the percentage of adults/ registered voters aligned with the same political ideology as you are likely to increase or decrease in the near future?

  • How might this ideological group impact political parties and elections?

Then, you will craft an essay that includes each of the following:

  • A properly formatted (APA-style) title and referencepage;

  • Parenthetical citations (APA-style), when appropriate;

  • At least two double-spaced pages in the body of the paper (Times New Roman font/12 point size);

  • At least three academic sources.

Term paper in comparative Politics

The senate in the united states is considered as being the most powerful body of the congress whereas the Canadian senate is considered as being the weakest body of the parliament. Present/contrast/ analyze the powers of both senates. Do you think the Canadian senate has an utility?

Separation of Powers Checks and Balances

For much of 2011 and 2012, public dissatisfaction with Congress rose to all time highs, with 70-80% expressing disapproval with how Congress does its job. Many commentators note that Americans are fed up with Washington “grid-lock” that makes government apparently unable to address important problems. Other observers believe that the national government is acting according to its design, based on separation of powers and checks and balances.

Before writing your initial post, review the assigned resources. To easily access the resources from the Ashford University Library, please see the table located in the Course Materials section.

In your initial post of at least 200-250 words, analyze how the U.S. Constitution implements separation of powers and checks and balances. Briefly explain why the constitutional framers based the new government on these ideas. Evaluate how separation of powers and checks and balances are working out in practice, today, justifying your assessment with persuasive reasoning and examples.

Fully respond to all parts of the question. Write in your own words. Support your position with APA citations to two or more of the assigned resources required for this discussion. Please be sure that you demonstrate understanding of these resources, integrate them into your argument, and cite them properly.

Policy-making in the Federal System

The U.S. government’s expansive role in public policy is caught in a swirl of conflicting cross-currents. On the one hand, popular expectations about government’s responsibility to solve problems often exceed the capacity of state and local authorities to respond effectively. On the other hand, policies developed at the national level may not sufficiently reflect the great diversity of interests across the US to be effective at the local level. Moreover, the search for effective policy is further complicated by theoretical debates about the constitutional framework of federalism (e.g., what limits on national power can be derived from the 10th Amendment?).

Select a policy issue that is in the middle of these cross-currents between national, state, and local authority. It must be a policy area other than education (the focus of Discussion One in Week Two). Some examples include: federal health care policy (e.g., Obamacare, Medicaid–not Medicare); federal transportation policy (e.g., federal transportation subsidies); federal highway policy (e.g., federal rules about the minimum drinking age, speed limits, or safety); federal urban planning and renewal policy; federal poverty, welfare and unemployment policies; national security policies that intersect/conflict with local police power; and federal disaster planning and relief. These are only examples. The policy area that you select must have a significant federalism component that requires national, state, and local interaction. It should also involve issues with a strong potential for tension or conflict among different levels of government.

Research and write an essay on a specific policy in the area that you select. (Note: The word “policy” is used interchangeably with the word “program.”) Your essay must:

  1. Clearly identify a specific federal policy (the policy must raise issues of federalism because it requires national, state, and local interaction and invites tension across different levels of government), and summarize the elements of the policy, including the problem it is supposed to solve or improve.
  2. Summarize the history of the policy. In your summary, explain how the policy raises issues of federalism.
  3. Analyze the main pros and cons in debates about the policy.
  4. Evaluate the pros and cons from two perspectives:
    • The policy’s effectiveness. In your evaluation, clearly explain your definition of effectiveness and how it should be measured or determined.
    • The policy’s consistency with the constitutional framework of federalism. In your evaluation, clearly explain your interpretation of American federalism’s constitutional framework and why the federal policy is or is not consistent with it.

Follow these requirements when writing the short essay:

  1. The body of the essay (excluding the title page and reference page) must be at least 750 words long.
  2. The essay must start with a short introductory paragraph which includes a clear thesis statement. The thesis statement must tell readers what the essay will demonstrate.
  3. The essay must end with a short paragraph which includes a conclusion. The conclusion and thesis must be consistent.
  4. The essay must logically develop the thesis in a way that leads to the conclusion, and must be supported by facts, fully explained concepts or assertions, and persuasive reasoning.
  5. The essay must address all subtopics outlined above. At least 20% of the essay must focus on subtopic six, listed above (your evaluation of the various pros and cons about the policy).
  6. Your essay must cite at least one academic article found in the Ashford Online Library and at least three other kinds of sources (e.g., Supreme Court opinions, magazine or newspaper articles, the course textbook, and reliable websites).
  7. Use your own words. While brief quotes from sources may be used, altogether the total amount of quoted text must be less than five percent of the body of your essay.
  8. When you use someone else’s words, they must be enclosed in quotation marks followed by an APA in-text short citation (author, year, and page) to your source. The in-text citation must correspond to a full APA citation for the source on the reference page at the end of the essay.
  9. When you express someone else’s ideas, arguments, or facts in your own words, your statement must be followed by an APA in-text short citation (author, year, and page) to your source. The in-text citation must correspond to a full APA citation for the source in the reference page.
  10. The form of the title page, the body pages, and the reference page must comply with APA style. Additionally, the title page must include the course number and name, the instructor’s name, and the date submitted.
  11. The essay must use logical paragraph and sentence transitions, complete and clear sentences, and correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

For information regarding APA, including samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar in your online course.

Amending the U.S. Constitution

The formal process of amending the Constitution is cumbersome and slow.  While this fact explains why relatively few amendments have been adopted, it does not discourage advocates of constitutional change from proposing them. Four amendment proposals that have gained considerable attention are the Balanced Budget Amendment, the Birthright Citizenship Amendment, the Equal Rights Amendment, and the Overturn Citizens United Amendment. Select one of these proposals as the topic of your initial post and use the assigned resources to inform yourself about its purpose and the arguments of its supporters and critics.

Before writing your initial post, review the assigned resources. To easily access the resources from the Ashford University Library, please see the table located in the Course Materials section.

In your initial post of at least 200-250 words, briefly summarize what the proposed amendment would do and the problem its proponents say it will solve. Explain the main pros and cons in the debate about the amendment. Evaluate the proposed amendment from two perspectives:

  • Your own political philosophy, values or ideology. (Justify your assessment by clearly explaining your political values and why they lead you to support or oppose the amendment.)
  • The likelihood that the proposed amendment will eventually be ratified to become part of the Constitution. (Justify your assessment by explaining how the proposal will or will not, in your judgment, survive the ratification process.)

Fully respond to all parts of the question. Write in your own words. Support your position with APA citations to two or more of the assigned resources required for this discussion. Please be sure that you demonstrate understanding of these resources, integrate them into your argument, and cite them properly.

Presidential Leadership and the Electoral College

Americans expect their presidents to get things done, to solve problems, to govern effectively, and to be strong leaders. The framers of the Constitution did not envision such presidential leadership. A scholar of the presidency points out that Article II of the Constitution gives the president scant formal power to influence congressional policy-making (Simon, n.d.).  He also notes that the framers intentionally designed a process for selecting presidents that would minimize their political power – the Electoral College. They hoped this institution would insulate the chief executive from the public because they feared the power of presidents who might be elected by the people. Therefore, the Constitution provides that “Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress…” Having state legislatures “appoint” the Electors who select the chief executive would minimize the president’s capacity to lead on the basis of his popular support. In a very real sense, the president would not be accountable to the people but rather to the state legislatures who appoint Electors. This procedure was also seen as a way to encourage the selection of statesmen with “characters preeminent for ability and virtue” rather than mere politicians with “talents for low intrigue, and the little arts of popularity” (Hamilton, 1788).

The practice of state legislatures appointing Electors continued for many years. Most American history texts do not report national presidential vote totals before 1824 because 25% of the states were still not holding presidential elections by that year. Even as late as 1876 the state of Colorado’s legislature appointed Electors. As states moved away from legislative appointment to the current system of allowing a state’s Electors to be chosen by a winner-take-all popular vote, the primary rationale for the Electoral College was forgotten in history. At the same time, public expectations of strong presidential leadership were rising.

This creates a problem well illustrated by the disputed election of 2000. George W. Bush was elected president with 271 electoral votes to Al Gore’s 266 electoral votes. However, Gore amassed 543,895 popular votes more than Bush. Also, because some disputed votes in Florida made unclear which candidate should receive the state’s electoral votes, the Florida Supreme Court ordered a full recount of the Florida vote. But the U.S. Supreme Court intervened and stopped the recount, thereby in effect awarding Florida’s electoral votes to Bush. While arguments continue to this day about the legitimacy of the U.S. Supreme Court’s intervention, the 2000 election illustrates a glaring weakness of the Electoral College system – selecting a president whose authority may be diminished by the dubious circumstances of his or her election. The election of 2000 also has fueled a long ongoing debate about whether the Electoral College should be abandoned in favor of method which insures that the candidate elected has the most popular votes. Would this outcome be more consistent with contemporary public expectations about the president’s role as a national leader who can get things done?

Before writing your initial post, review the assigned resources. To easily access the resources from the Ashford University Library, please see the table located in the Course Materials section.

In your initial post of at least 200-250 words, briefly summarize how the Electoral College works.  Explain some of the main pros and cons in the debate about whether to keep or abolish the current Electoral College process. Also explain one proposal to change how the system works without formally abolishing it. Evaluate the various arguments and the proposal. Include at least two perspectives in your assessment:

  • Your judgment about the relevance of the Electoral College’s underlying rationale to contemporary America.
  • Your judgment about its impact on presidential leadership capacity.

Fully respond to all parts of the question. Write in your own words. Support your position with APA citations to two or more of the assigned resources required for this discussion. Please be sure that you demonstrate understanding of these resources, integrate them into your argument, and cite them properly.

By Day 7, respond to at least two of your classmates’ initial posts. Your peer responses each must be at least 75 words. They must demonstrate critical thinking (e.g., ask a relevant question about your peer’s post while explaining why your question is significant, or state a perspective that contrasts with your peer’s while explaining or justifying your position).

References:

Hamilton, A. (1788). The Federalist Papers, Number 68.

Simon, D. (n.d.). Public expectations of the president. Retrieved from faculty.smu.edu/dsimon/AMPres07Up/SimonExpectations.doc

Defense Spending and the Military-Industrial Complex

Levin-Waldman (2012, pp. 186-89) analyzes how “iron triangles” link Congress, the bureaucracy, and interest groups in self-serving relationships that influence policy in ways that are contrary to the public interest. In 1961, at the end of President Eisenhower’s second term, he gave a farewell address to the nation in which he warned of the dangers of a “military-industrial complex.” Many commentators today see the military-industrial complex as an example of an iron triangle that bloats the defense budget and distorts national priorities. Not everyone would accept this analysis, however, especially defense “hawks” in Congress, the military bureaucracies, and defense industries.

Before writing your initial post, review the assigned resources. To easily access the resources from the Ashford University Library, please see the table located in the Course Materials section.

In your initial post of at least 200-250 words, briefly explain the iron triangle model of policy-making involving Congress, the bureaucracy, and interest groups. Analyze information about relationships among Congress, the military bureaucracies, and defense industries. Draw your own conclusion, and support it with facts and with persuasive reasoning, about the impact of these relationships on defense spending. Evaluate the accuracy of the iron triangle model as a basis for understanding the process of making defense spending policy.

Fully respond to all parts of the question. Write in your own words. Support your position with APA citations to two or more of the assigned resources required for this discussion. Please be sure that you demonstrate understanding of these resources, integrate them into your argument, and cite them properly.

By Day 7, respond to at least two of your classmates’ initial posts. Your peer responses each must be at least 75 words. They must demonstrate critical thinking (e.g., ask a relevant question about your peer’s post while explaining why your question is significant, or state a perspective that contrasts with your peer’s while explaining or justifying your position).

Reference:

Levin-Waldman. (2012). American national government. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education Inc.

Voter participation in the electoral process

In the U.S. many citizens fail to take advantage of the right to vote. What do you think could or should be done to increase voter participation? Do you believe that everyone should vote? What compelling arguments can be made for not increasing turnout?

600 words.  MLA style

Issues and Dilemmas of Contemporary Public Administration

Issues and Dilemmas of Contemporary Public Administration

In 3-4 pages, discuss public interest, administrative responsibility and some of the recent ethical obligations confronting public administrators in their day to day decision making. Also examine the recent trend in privatizing government functions and discuss if it posses any dilemma for the attainment of public interest. Be sure to use relevant examples to illustrate your point.

The Late Bloomers: China

Make sure to work in each and every folders.

China

 Looking at the internal problems in China (read all the articles that I have posted till now as well as the two documentaries) do you think that Rise of China is inevitable or it may collapse like any other authoritarian regimes including former Soviet Union and East European Countries?  Be very careful with your arguments and try not to make generalization. Your essay should be five pages long.  Due June 18 + 2 Extra days
Governance and Policy Making, Political Economy and Development, Representation and Participation

 

Required Readings (click the highlighted text):

The Price of Marriage

NYT: China Blog

Kesselman et. al. Introducing Comparative Politics, Chapter 13

 

 Movie / Documentary

1. Last Train Home (2009) Or….only for those students who have already seen the Last Train Home in my other classes. Please Vote for Me by Chen Weijun ; https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MpSCbddmmro

2. Tibet: Cry of the Snow Lion (2003)

  • 1. Discuss two movies here. Do not summarize.

  • 2. It should be five pages long

Public Policy Networks

Typically, it is not one individual or one group who controls the development of policy in a given area, but instead, a collection of individuals or groups called a network. A public policy network is an interconnected system of actors who all play important roles in public policy making in a particular area. As described in your course text, one common way of conceptualizing public policy networks is as an “iron triangle.” In this model, interest groups lobby for a given policy, a legislative committee creates the policy, and a government agency administers the policy. Each group affects the other at every stage in the policy making process. However, there are many potential influences beyond this scope that also may be considered part of a public policy network. Political parties, media, courts, research organizations, and even individual leaders or vocal citizens can affect the creation of public policy. Consider, for instance, public policy making in the area of education. Who might be involved in this public policy network? Teachers’ unions certainly have a stake in the decision-making process, as do the leaders of each state’s board of education. National and state educational associations, parents’ organizations, and the ACLU are just a few examples of additional groups who might want to be heard by the legislative committee creating the policy. Public policies have profound effects on the everyday lives of citizens, so it makes sense that many different groups representing many different interests want to have a say. In this assignment, you examine the network involved in public policy making in an area of your choice.

The assignment (2 – 3 pages): Due by Sunday 7/05/15.

Consider various public policy areas: energy and environment, health care, foreign policy, economic policy, immigration, industrial relations, transportation, individual freedom, social programs, and national security. Choose one of these areas for further study.

Identify and briefly explain the policy area you selected.

Identify the major actors (individuals, groups, or organizations) that might be involved in this area and explain why they likely are involved and what roles they likely play.

Explain at least one insight you have or conclusion you can draw about public policy networks based on your analysis of your chosen area.

Support your work with specific citations from the Learning Resources. You are allowed to draw from additional sources to support your explanation, but you must cite using APA standards. All quoted material must be identified, cited, and referenced per APA standards.

 

Crime Rate in Centervale

Crime rates are of great interest to policy makers as well as citizens. After all, who wants to live in an area with a high crime rate? When you calculate crime rates, you are able to compare cities, states, and countries of different sizes. For example, suppose city A has a population of 120,000 and city B has a population of 500,000. The preceding year, city A had 250 incidents of murder and city B had 400. On reading this, you may think that you want to live in city A because it was host to fewer murders. However, when you calculate the murder rates, you will see that the murder rate for city A is 208 per 100,000 citizens and that for city B is 80 per 100,000 citizens, which is much lower.

The mayor of Centervale is concerned about the increase in violent crimes being reported to the police and has commissioned you to study the crime problem, determine whether the crime rate is worse in Centervale than other states, and create a report.

Tasks:

To prepare for this consulting assignment, you need to learn more about crime rates and explore crime rates by state using the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s (FBI’s) Uniform Crime Reports.

  1. Access Table 5 at Crime in the United States.
  2. Select two states to organize and compare to Centervale.
  3. Access the Microsoft Excel worksheet that has been prepared for you to populate with information. The worksheet has been populated with crime data pertinent to the state in which Centervale is located.
  4. In the worksheet, organize the data for your two states and the violent crime (Type 1 offenses) counts for those states and calculate the rate of each type of crime.

Click here to download the worksheet.

After completing your Microsoft Excel worksheet, prepare a 1- to 2-page report on the crime rate in Centervale as it relates to your comparison states.

Go to the web pages for the states you selected and explore the definitions of crime. (Hint: Search for revised statutes or codes.) Include these definitions in your report.

Answer the following questions in your report:

  • How does the crime rate in Centervale compare with the crime rates in the other two states?
  • Why is this information important?
  • How do the definitions of crime vary among the states?
  • What recommendations do you make to the mayor regarding the crime rate comparisons?

Are Political Parties Beneficial or Detrimental?

Write a 2 to 3 page, APA style paper, arguing why you believe political parties are beneficial or detrimental.
•In your paper also include the opposing position along with your rebuttal (of that opposing position). For instance, if you wrote a paper arguing that political parties are beneficial (and why), then your rebuttal would be that political parties are detrimental (damaging or harmful) and why.
•Note: Arguing in a paper means to present reasons for or against a thing. For instance: He argued in favor of political parties or she argued against political parties. Then give your reasons in your paper to support your arguments!
•Include a title page and 3-5 references. Only one of your references may be found online (not Wikipedia). The other references must be found in the Grantham University online library. Please see the rubric below.

Modern public administration research paper

Theory and Practice Research Project

This course has an important research and writing component. Students are expected to complete a paper that would connect one public administration theory to current public administration practice. The main scope of this project is for students to develop, through research and writing, and improved appreciation and understanding of the role of theory in public administration practice (e.g., the way practice is driven by theory, the gap between theory and practice). Within the space of 15 pages double-spaced research paper students are expected to critically review a public administration theory of their choice and delineate its applications in practice.

 

EACH PAPER SHOULD HAVE THE FOLLOWING (AND NOT OTHER) SECTIONS (NO EXCEPTIONS):

  • Introduction
  • Theoretical Framework of Choice
  • Most Notable Scholars/Literature Review
  • Most Appropriate Methodological Approaches
  • Applications in Practice
  • Conclusions
  • References

 

The research paper must be written following APA style guidelines. It should have at least a minimum of 15 references and should be at least 15 double-spaced pages in length. Please note that Wikipedia IS NOT considered a reference.

Budget public policy formation

Write a word paper in which you describe the forces of federalism and how it has affected budget public policy formation. Include the following in your paper.

Just answer this question

Choose a public policy-making model and strategic plan that may help implement this policy, and explain why it is more appropriate to use than other models.

Include one reference

Juvenile Statistics Comparison

Data types are general categories of juvenile justice statistical data. The three primary sources for juvenile justice statistics or data types are official reports, self-report surveys, and victimization surveys. Each source has unique strengths and weaknesses, such as accuracy, breadth of coverage, and types of crime addressed. Here is an example of each data type:

Official Report: The FBI’s UCR is a summary of official crime statistics submitted by state and local law enforcement agencies.

Self-Reports: The report, Monitoring the Future, measures the extent of delinquent acts committed by high school students.

Victimization Survey: The NCVS measures household victimizations and the attitudes, habits, and responses of the victims surveyed nationwide.

Tasks:

Part A:

For this assignment, pick a location and select two of the three primary data types:

  • Official Report
  • Self-Report
  • Victimization Survey

Remember both your data sources must be from the same location; if your first choice is the data type victimization surveys with the location being your state then your other data source will be either official reports or self-report surveys from the same location, your state. You may conduct an Internet search using the same locale and jurisdiction, for example:

  • United States official reports and
  • United States victimization survey

The ultimate goal is to select and compare two different data sources, both from the same location, time period (usually given as a year or a range of years), and population (usually given as a geographic location or a jurisdiction).

Part B:

Using a series of line graphs, compare the data presented in each data source across four different offense types during the same five-year period. For example, you could use assault, larceny theft, truancy, or runaways, then describe two examples each of the common delinquent offenses and the status of the offenses.

In a minimum of 2 pages, write a paper that includes responses to the following:

  • Comment with explanations on the results of the data presented for each offense type.
  • Analyze any trends and state which offense type shows the greatest discrepancy between the two data sources.
  • Given the nature of the data sources, describe why you think this discrepancy exists. Be sure to note with reasons whether your overall results are or are not what you initially expected.

Include an APA-formatted reference page that links back to your in-text citations and supports your recommendations. Remember, you cannot have only in-text citations or only references; you must have both because in-text citations and references link to each other.

No Fly List

The No Fly List is created and maintained by the US government’s Terrorist Screening Center (TSC) to screen those individuals who are not permitted to travel in a commercial aircraft within or outside the United States (Ross, 2010).

The No Fly List is different from the Terrorist Watch List, which is a much bigger list of people suspected of involvement in terrorist acts (Ross, 2010).

Nevertheless, the No Fly List has been criticized on grounds of violating civil liberties and on due process grounds, due, in part, to the potential for ethnic, religious, economic, political, or racial profiling and discrimination (Friscolanti & Patriquin, 2008, p. 50).

In addition, the No Fly List contains the names of people who are dead, prisoners, and at least 1,000 duplicate names—that is, people with similar names as those on the No Fly List are stopped for questioning when they have no nexus with terrorism (Donnelly, 2004, p. 17).

Tasks:

Prepare a 3- to 4-page report to answer the following questions:

  • Do you consider the No Fly List as discriminatory in nature and violating an individual’s civil rights? Why?
  • Do you agree with the statement, “the No Fly List is one of the best lines of defense” (Ross, 2010)? Why?
  • Do you agree to the statement, “the No Fly List is costly, prone to false positives, and easily defeated” (Ross, 2010)? Why?

References:

Donnelly, S. B. (2004, October). Should the No-Fly List be grounded? Time, 16,

p. 17. Retrieved from http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,

995387,00.html

Friscolanti, M., & Patriquin, M. (2008). Caught in the no-fly web. Maclean’s,

121(37), 50–52.

Ross, B. (2010). Why no-fly? Nightline ABC, p.1–1.

Assignment 2 Grading Criteria
Maximum Points
Analyzed the discriminatory nature of the No Fly List with respect to civil rights and provided reasons for supporting the views.
40
Analyzed whether the No Fly List is one of the best lines of defense against terrorist attacks.
24
Analyzed whether the No Fly List is costly, prone to false positives, and easily defeated.
16
Wrote in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrated ethical scholarship in the accurate representation and attribution of sources; and displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.
20
Total:
100

Civil Liberties, Habeas Corpus, and the War on Terror

Soon after the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, the Bush administration developed a plan for holding and interrogating captured prisoners. They were sent to a prison inside a U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay, on land leased from the government of Cuba. Since 2002, over 700 men have been detained at Gitmo. Most have been released without charges or turned over to other governments. In 2011, Congress specifically prohibited the expenditure of funds to transfer Gitmo prisoners to detention facilities in the continental United States, making it virtually impossible to try them in civilian courts. As of April 2012, 169 remained in detention at Gitmo (Sutton, 2012).

An assumption made by the Bush administration in selecting this location was that it was beyond the jurisdiction of U.S. courts. The administration wanted to avoid any judicial oversight of how it handled detainees, characterized as enemy combatants. A possible legal challenge to indefinite detention with no formal charges or judicial proceedings might arise from the habeas corpus provision of the Constitution.

Article I, Section 9 of the Constitution states, “The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it.” Under this provision, persons detained by the government are entitled to a judicial hearing to determine if there is any legal basis for their detention. Some legal commentators refer to the right of habeas corpus as the “great writ of liberty” because it is a prisoner’s ultimate recourse to an impartial judge who can review the possibility that he is being held illegally by the executive (e.g., the police or the military). In nations that do not honor habeas corpus, people simply disappear into prisons without ever having their day in court.
Several controversial Supreme Court cases have come out of Gitmo. One fundamental question that has been debated, but not clearly resolved, is to what extent the war on terror justifies the President’s indefinite detention of enemy combatants without the possibility of the minimal judicial review protected by habeas corpus? Another issue in the debate is to what extent Congress must clearly authorize the President to conduct extra-judicial detentions in order for them to be legal? In 2008, the Supreme Court’s decision in Boumediene v. Bush offered some answers to these questions. However, the deeply divided 5-4 Court and the likelihood of the protracted nature of the war on terror suggest that debate around these important questions will continue. Writing the Final Paper in this course will prepare you to participate intelligently as a citizen in this ongoing debate.

Write an essay about the right of habeas corpus in the context of the war on terror. Your essay should address the following subtopics:

  1. Explain the historical evolution of habeas corpus, including its English and American traditions. The explanation of its evolution within the American tradition should include the general meaning of the right of habeas corpus in the U.S. Constitution and its relationship to the protection of other civil liberties.
  2. Provide examples from U.S. history of the suspension of habeas corpus and their applicability to the present.
  3. Analyze the relevance of habeas corpus to the contemporary U.S. situation during the war on terror, especially with respect to persons characterized by as enemy combatants or illegal combatants.
  4. Explain the U.S. Supreme Court’s interpretation of the right of habeas corpus with respect to enemy combatants or illegal combatants (i.e., the views of the five justices making up the majority in Boumediene v. Bush as well as the views of the four dissenting justices).
  5. Evaluate a minimum of four perspectives on this topic expressed by justices of the Supreme Court, leaders in other branches of government, and commentators in both the academic and popular media. Your evaluation should consider perspectives on the following topics as they relate to habeas corpus:
    1. The role of the President as Commander-in-Chief.
    2. The role of Congress in determining when habeas corpus can be suspended.
    3. The role of the Supreme Court in protecting civil liberties, including the judicial philosophy which should guide the Court in this role, and
    4. In your evaluation, you should also include your personal philosophy, values, or ideology about the balance between civil liberties and national security in the context of an unending war on terror.

Follow these requirements when writing the Final Paper:

  1. The body of the paper (excluding the title page and reference page) must be at least 1,500 words long.
  2. The paper must start with a short introductory paragraph which includes a clear thesis statement. The thesis statement must tell readers what the essay will demonstrate.
  3. The paper must end with a short paragraph that states a conclusion. The conclusion and thesis must be consistent.
  4. The paper must logically develop the thesis in a way that leads to the conclusion, and that development must be supported by facts, fully explained concepts and assertions, and persuasive reasoning.
  5. The paper must address all subtopics outlined above. At least 20% of the essay must focus on subtopic five, listed above (your evaluation of perspectives on the topic).
  6. Your paper must cite at least three academic articles (excluding the course textbook) and at least four other kinds of sources (e.g., Supreme Court opinions, magazine or newspaper articles, the course textbook, and reliable websites or videos).
  7. Use your own words. While brief quotes from sources may be used, altogether the total amount of quoted text must be less than five percent of the body of your paper.
  8. When you use someone else’s words, they must be enclosed in quotation marks followed by an APA in-text short citation (author, year, and page) to your source. The in-text citation must correspond to a full APA citation for the source on the reference page at the end of the essay.
  9. When you express in your own words someone else’s ideas, arguments or facts, your statement must be followed by an APA in-text short citation (author, year, and page) to your source. The in-text citation must correspond to a full APA citation for the source in the reference page.
  10. The form of the title page, the body pages, and the reference page must comply with APA style. Additionally, the title page must include the course number and name, the instructor’s name, and the date submitted.
  11. The paper must use logical paragraph and sentence transitions, complete and clear sentences, and correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

For this paper you need to do research in peer-reviewed journals or other sources that are considered to have reliable information. In addition to your required course text, you need at least seven scholarly sources, three of which must be peer-reviewed journal articles from the Ashford Online Library.
Academic research papers must meet university level standards of quality. What constitutes quality, academic research?

  • Primary sources written by experts in the field of study
  • Secondary sources supported by research in primary sources
  • Credible sources (experts in the area of study)
  • Relevant research (materials are pertinent to the area of study)
  • Peer-reviewed journal articles (journal articles reviewed by recognized experts in the relevant field of study).
  • Educational and government websites (those ending with a web URL suffix of .edu or .gov) may be appropriate in some cases but should be evaluated carefully.

Please visit the Academic Research section on your course homepage (accessible through the Student Responsibilities and Policies tab on the left navigation toolbar) to review what types of materials are not acceptable for academic, university level research.

The final assignment for this course is a Final Paper. The purpose of the Final Paper is to give you an opportunity to apply much of what you have learned about American national government to an examination of civil liberties in the context of the war on terror. The Final Paper represents 25% of the overall course grade.

The paper must be at least 1,500 words in length and formatted according to APA style. Cite your sources within the text of your paper and on the reference page. For information regarding APA, including samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar.

Attachments:

Types of terroism

There are many types of terrorism in the world.  In this assignment we will focus on the following 6 types:

State-terrorism, Bio-terrorism, Cyber-terrorism, Eco-terrorism, Nuclear-terrorism, and Narco-terrorism.

Research these types of terrorism on the internet.  Choose 3 of the above types of terrorism and write 300 or more words for each type.   You need to include at least one outside resource and one real life example of each.  Please include word count.  (60 points)

Describe the following:

The type of terrorism.

How it is done and how it could affect us.

How we can prepare for it.

The following video link is an interesting look into cyber crime and its issues of terrorism worldwide:

Political Challenges of the CHIP

On the basis of your understanding about CHIP, create a 2- to 3-page report in a Microsoft Word document on the political challenges regarding the CHIP.

Your report should be created using the following guidelines:

  • Review at least two articles on the given topic, and write a review for each article.
  • Evaluate the main points of the articles, and relate them to your course and text readings.
  • Compare and contrast each article reviewed. Which of these articles do you find more relevant from a professional point of view, and why?

[Note: Find at least two sources of information for the topic utilizing such resources as the South University Online Library journal databases (for example, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) or ProQuest) or reputable Internet resources. Do not use the text or the assigned articles for this assignment.]

Support your responses with examples.

Cite any sources in APA format. In-text citation is required

Difficulties from traditional model of Policing to Community Policing

Investigate a professional journal and choose an article related to the difficulties in transitioning from a more traditional model of policing to community policing. The article should not be more than two years old and should be at least three pages in length.

 

Your written critique should be 2 pages, APA style and double-spaced. Please reference the professional journal.

POLICING IN AMERICA

Describe rights of police officers and the development of police unions.
Police Unions are widespread within law enforcement agencies now. Not only are law enforcement officers provided with union protection but, they also have bargaining rights and employment contracts.

Consider the following prompts:

  • Describe how the development of police unions has changed law enforcement.
  • If so, how has law enforcement changed with the development of unions?
  • If not, why has it not changed?
  • What benefits and protections are officers afforded from police unions?

Prepare a typed document that follows APA guidelines that includes:

  • A paper 200-300 words in length, double-spaced.
  • You may use your text or the Internet as a reference, but remember to cite your sources according to APA guidelines.
  • Your response must be thought provoking, have well developed ideas and/or opinions, and should reference any supporting material from the text, lecture or other sources you have used to complete the assignment.

For citation guidelines, please refer to the table in the APA Style section of the syllabus.

U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

You are a research analyst for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The department has received credible intelligence from the NSA, FBI, and Department of Defense that Al Qaeda is planning a biological attack using smallpox against Los Angeles, CA. Although the dispersal method is unknown, it is believed the most likely method will be airborne, through a populated shopping mall’s ventilation system. The lax security at these locations, coupled with a wide social and economic population sampling, will make identifying victims and stopping the spread of the disease difficult. The intelligence indicates that the attack is scheduled to occur within 7–10 days.

Your department has been tasked with reviewing historical incidents of smallpox, including academic assessments of its use as a biological agent for terrorism. Use the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s smallpox Web site as a guide to available resources and current planning (CDC Smallpox Information). With these tools, develop a communication plan that addresses the following:

Assignment Guidelines

  • Revise and amend your Week 4 Key Assignment by adding what you learned in the Discussion Board posts following the task, as well as taking into consideration your instructor’s comments.
  • Address the following with regard to the above information, and add your responses to your Key Assignment final draft:
    • Provide an overview of the threat (disease characteristics).
    • How can mass hysteria be prevented within the population?
    • What should the federal government share with the state, and can this information be controlled?
    • What should the federal government share with the city, and how can this information be controlled?
    • What should the federal government share with the nation?
    • When should information be disseminated to each recipient (state, city, and nation)?
    • What should be the characteristics of this information’s release to the public (consider medium, frequency, and timeliness)?

Al-Shabaab Terrorist Group

A suicide bomber has detonated his incendiary device on the Pink Line of the “El” in Chicago, IL. The emergency response teams have quickly extinguished the fire and have begun to treat the wounded. The explosion took place at 5 p.m. on a busy Thursday afternoon. The initial estimates are that 14 people have been killed and 67 wounded. There is also significant infrastructure damage to the Ashland station, impeding traffic on the Green and Pink lines as well as to and from the Illinois Medical District. Al-Shabaab, a terrorist group from Somalia, has claimed responsibility in response to the U.S. Navy’s killing of Somali pirates. Al-Shabaab warns that 2 more explosions will occur somewhere in other major U.S. cities. Their rationale is that three pirates were killed, and therefore three explosions will occur.

As can be expected, the public across the U.S. is in a panic. You are the public relations director for the Deputy Director of Homeland Security. He has asked you to develop a comprehensive white paper explaining the intervention options that the state and federal government can exercise to alleviate public fear and anxiety. He wants to make sure that you anticipate economic impacts at the local, state, and federal levels; use historical incidents if necessary. Your paper will be the basis for an upcoming DHS press conference in which the Deputy Director will attempt to assuage the public’s fear.

Assignment Guidelines

  • Address the following in 1,250–1,500 words:
    • Provide a brief summary of the event.
    • What psychological impacts will most likely be present
      • at the local level? Explain
      • at the national level? Explain.
    • What could be the social impacts? Explain.
      • Consider that the attack has significantly affected a major form of public transit for a major city.
    • What could be the economic impacts? Explain.
      • Consider consumer confidence and impacts to businesses.
    • How would the government respond to the attack? Explain.
      • How would the government address the psychological, social, and economic impacts? Explain.
        • Consider immediate, short-term, and long-term impacts.

Here is the outline that I submitted for this assignment. Please follow if possible, and feel free to add if necessary. 

  1.        Event Summary
  2.   The rapid-transit system in Chicago, IL has been affectionately nicknamed the “L”. This name refers to the whole system of elevated subway systems that are segmented. In this scenario, a suicide bomber detonates and incendiary device on the “L” at the Pink Line segment. The explosion occurred around 5 p.m. on a busy Thursday afternoon for a segment that generally transports approximately 13,000 people daily. An estimated 14 people have been killed and 67 are wounded. The damage to the infrastructure has rendered the Green and Pink segments unusable. Somalian terrorist Group Al-Shabaab has publicly claimed responsibility for the attack as retaliation for the killing of three Somali pirates by the U.S. Navy. Al-Shabaab has further threatened that 2 more explosions are going to occur in other major cities in the U.S. cities.
  3.        Overall Psychological Impacts
  4.   Psychological impact on local level
  5. What is PTSD?
  6.   Will terrorism eventually become and accepted behavior as a coping mechanism?
  7. Psychological impact on national level

III.            Social Impacts of terrorist act

  1.   How does an act of terrorism affect public transportation?
  2.        Economic Impacts of terrorist act
  3.   How does an act of terrorism affect businesses?
  4. How are consumers affected after an act of terrorism?
  5.        Government Response
  6.   How would the government handle the psychological impact?
  7. How would the government handle the social impact?
  8.   How would the government handle the economic impact?
  9. Are the implemented changes designed to be a short-term or long-term fix?
  10.   How can the government respond effectively immediately after an attack?
  11.        Conclusion
  12.   Summate how all of these things affect the targeted area and the way the government handled the situation.

VII.            References

Committee on Homeland Security. (n.d.). Preparedness for and response to terrorist attacks and natural disasters. Retrieved from website: https://homeland.house.gov/issue/preparedness-and-response

Levav, Itzhak. (2006). Terrorism and its effects on mental health. World Psychiatry 5(1): 35-36. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1472253/

Taylor, Eric R. (December 27, 2005). The government’s response to terrorism. An evaluation. Retrieved from website: http://www.independent.org/publications/policy_reports/detail.asp?id=18

Wessely, Simon. (2003). War and the mind: Psychopathology or suffering? Retrieved from website: http://www.pij.org/details.php?id=55

Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago is the country and petroleum gas is the product produced in Trinidad. You are to research

everything related to Trinidad and its petroleum industry.

 

Explain why you chose such product and provide a broad overview on the country of origin including its people, economy, and infrastructure

 

APA FORMAT

NO PLAGIARISM

WORK CITED

Federal & State Programs essay

Political Challenges of the CHIP

On the basis of your understanding about CHIP, create a 2- to 3-page report in a Microsoft Word document on the political challenges regarding the CHIP.

Your report should be created using the following guidelines:

  • Review at least two articles on the given topic, and write a review for each article.
  • Evaluate the main points of the articles, and relate them to your course and text readings.
  • Compare and contrast each article reviewed. Which of these articles do you find more relevant from a professional point of view, and why?

[Note: Find at least two sources of information for the topic utilizing such resources as the South University Online Library journal databases (for example, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) or ProQuest) or reputable Internet resources. Do not use the text or the assigned articles for this assignment.]

Support your responses with examples.

Cite any sources in APA format. In-text citation is required

Federal & State Programs essay

Political Challenges of the CHIP

On the basis of your understanding about CHIP, create a 2- to 3-page report in a Microsoft Word document on the political challenges regarding the CHIP.

Your report should be created using the following guidelines:

  • Review at least two articles on the given topic, and write a review for each article.
  • Evaluate the main points of the articles, and relate them to your course and text readings.
  • Compare and contrast each article reviewed. Which of these articles do you find more relevant from a professional point of view, and why?

[Note: Find at least two sources of information for the topic utilizing such resources as the South University Online Library journal databases (for example, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) or ProQuest) or reputable Internet resources. Do not use the text or the assigned articles for this assignment.]

Support your responses with examples.

Cite any sources in APA format. In-text citation is required

Comparative research in Politics

The senate in the united States is considered as being the most powerful body of the Congress whereas the French Senate is considered as being the weakest body of the Parliament.Present and contrast the power of both Senates.  How do you explain the difference in power between both the US and the French senates. Do you think the French senate has an utility.

1) Formulate hypotheses 2) identify concepts 3) identify the independent and dependent variables 4) clarify measurement criteria 5) distinguish between causes and correlation 6) analysis Normative or Empirical.

10 pages

A complete bibliography which will not be counted in the length of the paper. it should include 10 sources among which 3 books and 5 scientific articles at least. No Wikipedia articles is allowed. All sources must be documented using the foot notes methods.

MEDIA REACTION

Write a 1,050- to 1,400- word reaction to a media piece focusing on a current political issue related to immigration. Possible media pieces include an article, a video or audio clip, a television show, a book, a documentary, or a movie. The piece should be recent (no more than two years old) so it relates to a current immigration issue. You are tasked with critiquing the author or reporter for the piece you have selected for bias. You are not critiquing political parties, politicians, current laws or policies, etc.

Research the issue of your media piece.

Address the following:

  • What message does the media piece attempt to portray? Was the media coverage biased or unbiased? Was the issue sensationalized or portrayed objectively?
  • How might the media coverage affect the public’s perception of this issue? Does it encourage or discourage prejudice, discrimination, and stereotyping?
  • If you were a manager affected by this issue and its media coverage, what inclusion strategies from this week’s reading might you implement to moderate the media’s effect on your employees and to promote inclusion in the workplace?

Include at least two academic (course related) references in your research to support your critique of the article.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Electoral College Forecasting Project

  1. In this paper you will draw on two important and often overlooked features of presidential elections in the US to predict the outcome of the 2016 presidential election. The first feature is that we do not elect the president in a national election. Rather, the outcome is decided by the aggregate results of 50 separate state elections (plus the District of Columbia). Secondly, over time, most people display remarkably stable partisan voting habits. A large number of people already know which party’s candidate they will be voting for – well before they even know who the candidate is. This means that states themselves display relatively consistent partisan preferences. You will use these two facts to predict the winning party of the Electoral College vote in 2016.

    To start, please DOWNLOAD the “Electoral College Excel Worksheet” on the course website. Next, see what analysts are saying about who will win in which states. In some cases there will be little question (e.g., Democrats will certainly win California; Republicans will definitely win in Texas). In some few states (8-10)

    there will be some question. Here you will have to do a little more work to come to your determination. 7

 

Once you have decided which party you think will win in a particular state, enter a “1” (without quotation marks) in that party’s column for that state in the Excel worksheet. You will see the Electoral College Vote total at the top of the sheet (Row 2) change accordingly. Predict each state in this manner (to be clear, you must make a prediction for every state. Print this worksheet when you are finished.

Following this, present your analysis. You may structure your discussion in any way you see fit, but there should be no more than 1-2 paragraphs on solid Republican states and 1-2 paragraphs on solid Democrat states. The bulk of the paper should focus on the 8-10 states that are in the balance. You should also make a point to definitively “call” the election for one party or the other. Like the previous paper, I’m not looking for a “correct” answer here – only that you have backed up your prediction with your analysis.

Please see and follow the section in the syllabus, above, on “Formatting of Written Work” and “Sources, Citations & Quotations.”

About sources: I understand this will be an Internet research paper. But please remember that ALL information, facts, opinion, and so forth MUST be properly cited. In addition, you must include a list of sources (bibliography) that contains all of the sources cited in the paper AND all of the sources you used to fill out your Excel worksheet – even if they are not cited in the paper.

Please remember: Without proper citation a research paper is plagiarized. If this is the case my only option will be to assign a grade of “0.”

This paper should be a minimum of six (6) full pages in length, NOT including the Excel spreadsheet, sources and title page. To be clear, do not expect a good grade if you do not have 6 SOLID (not “fluff”) pages of material.

You should STAPLE your paper together, in the following order:

  1. Title page
  2. Paper (analysis)
  3. Source list
  4. Printed Excel worksheet

 

Texas Government

In 2014, the City of Austin passed an interesting ordinance prohibiting rental housing owners from discriminating against prospective residents based on their “source of income.”

The wording is a bit deceptive, but the purpose of the ordinance was to require apartment and rent house owners to participate in the federal Housing Choice Voucher Program. Usually referred to as “Section 8,” it’s a voluntary federal program that provides housing assistance vouchers to low-income people. Apartment and rent house owners can choose to participate, taking a portion of the rent from the resident and getting the rest in the form of a check from the local public housing authority.

Some apartment owners are set up for this, with employees who specialize in the sometimes complex compliance requirements, and are capitalized well enough to wait for the governments part of the rent payment – which can take several weeks. Others, though, find the program a hassle, and choose not to take part. The City of Austin felt that owners choosing not to participate unfairly limited choices for voucher holders, and chose -over the strong objections of the local apartment owners’ association – to make the program mandatory within their city limits.

In 2015, Senator Charles Perry filed S.B. 267 to make such ordinances illegal in Texas, setting up a battle of interest groups – rental housing owners on one side, low-income housing advocates and city governments on the other.

Your assignment, write a 3 page essay (college-level, double-spaced, etc.) channeling your inner special interest group lobbyist, explaining:

1. What you would do to promote this bill if you were representing housing providers.

2. What you would do to try to defeat this bill if you were representing the government of a city like Austin?

3. What you would do to try to defeat this bill if you were an advocate for low-income housing?

4. Finally, how you would respond to these groups, their arguments and activities if you were a Texas legislator.

Remember, the assignment is about interest groups. Don’t focus on whether you think the bill is good or bad. Focus on how you would manage the issue on behalf of each of the three interest groups.

Submit in Word. Cite your sources.

Additional Resources

The Dallas Morning News discussed this issue on their blog: http://trailblazersblog.dallasnews.com/2015/05/house-tentatively-votes-to-bar-cities-from-source-of-income-housing-ordinances.html/

The Austin Business Journal talks about apartment owners’ efforts against the Austin ordinance last fall: http://www.bizjournals.com/austin/news/2014/09/30/austin-landlords-push-back-against-housing-voucher.html

The Austin Apartment Association has a page devoted to the issue: http://www.austinaptassoc.com/source-of-income.html

The Texas Low Income Housing Information Service looks at the issue from the other side: http://texashousers.net/2015/05/22/texas-house-votes-on-source-of-income-protection-ban/

The Texas House Research Organization has a great summary of the bill, and the groups that testified about it before the House Committee on Urban Affairs: http://www.legis.state.tx.us/BillLookup/Text.aspx?LegSess=84R&Bill=SB267# , then click on “HRO Bill Analysis.”

History of Child Abuse Paper

The effects of child abuse and neglect can last a lifetime. As a health service professional it is imperative that you can distinguish between the varying types of child abuse and neglect and what policies are in place to deal with these offenses against children.

Write a 1,000- to 1,250-word paper on the history and implications of child abuse and neglect. Answer the following questions in your paper:

  • How has the history of child abuse and neglect helped shape current policies?
  • What is the extent of child abuse and neglect?
  • How do the various types of child abuse and neglect differ? How are these types viewed from different theoretical perspectives?
  • What are implications of child abuse and neglect?

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Submit your assignment using the Assignment Files tab above.

Public administration paper

In 3-4 pages, discuss public interest, administrative responsibility and some of the recent ethical obligations confronting public administrators in their day to day decision making. Also examine the recent trend in privatizing government functions and discuss if it posses any dilemma for the attainment of public interest. Be sure to use relevant examples to illustrate your point.

Public administration paper APA Format Please and no copy and paste!!!

Domestic and International Terrorism

Write a 10 page paper (not including Reference page and abstract) comparing a domestic terrorist organization and an international terrorist organization. The comparison must include each groups history, origin, ideology, goals, methodology, and tactics. It must have a TOTAL of 6 peer reviewed sources one of which MUST be:

 

Understanding Terrorism by Gus Martin 4th Edition (Gray and burgandy cover)

 

The length of the quotes or references used do not matter. The paper must be completed APA style and reference and abstract must be done accordingly. The assignment must be completed by JUNE 24, 2015 AT 1PM SHARP. Thank you….

Niccolò Machiavelli’s The Prince

 

Italian political writer Niccolò Machiavelli’s The Prince is one of the most powerful discussions of politics during the Italian Renaissance. Machiavelli wrote the book to offer practical advice to Italian nobles. The book reflects the way he thought that government actually worked, rather than the lofty, often unrealistic ideals expressed by others. Machiavelli believed that a ruler should be concerned only with power and success. Today, The Prince is considered a portrayal of how leaders often have to act ruthlessly.

  1. Think about Machiavelli’s ideas on political leadership. Is he right? Is he wrong? Should we expect our political leaders to always be virtuous as well as effective? Which is more important in a leader, virtue or effectiveness? Why? Write an essay explaining your answer to these questions.

(Do not use other sources, must be in own words)

Machiavelli’s The Prince

Complete and submit this assignment by the due date to receive full credit.

(50 points)

Italian political writer Niccolò Machiavelli’s The Prince is one of the most powerful discussions of politics during the Italian Renaissance. Machiavelli wrote the book to offer practical advice to Italian nobles. The book reflects the way he thought that government actually worked, rather than the lofty, often unrealistic ideals expressed by others. Machiavelli believed that a ruler should be concerned only with power and success. Today, The Prince is considered a portrayal of how leaders often have to act ruthlessly.

  1. Think about Machiavelli’s ideas on political leadership. Is he right? Is he wrong? Should we expect our political leaders to always be virtuous as well as effective? Which is more important in a leader, virtue or effectiveness? Why? Write an essay explaining your answer to these questions.

Answer:

 

 

 

Federal & State Programs

Kaiser Family Foundation. (2012). Medicare’s role for dual-eligible

beneficiaries. Retrieved from http://www.kff.org/medicare/

upload/8138-02.pdf

Identify one or two main points from each selected article.

Explain in detail the issues presented in the articles and their impact on the recipients of Medicare.

Explain in detail the issues presented in the articles and their impact on the providers to Medicare recipients.

 

in-text citation and apa reference format is a must please. Answer each question in simple indepth answers please

Federal & State Programs

Kaiser Family Foundation. (2012). Medicare’s role for dual-eligible
beneficiaries
. Retrieved from http://www.kff.org/medicare/
upload/8138-02.pdf
Identify one or two main points from each selected article.
Explain in detail the issues presented in the articles and their impact on the recipients of Medicare.
Explain in detail the issues presented in the articles and their impact on the providers to Medicare recipients.
 
in-text citation and apa reference format is a must please. Answer each question in simple indepth answers please

The Consistency of Military Policy

    • Discuss the evolution of presidential power in military affairs and explain the fundamental elements that dictate the use of American armed forces abroad. Indicate how these elements are affected by public opinion.
    • What is the constitutional requirement for using military forces?
    • Identify some reasons why military forces should be used and some where they should not be used.
    • How consistent are US defense policies?
    • NOTE: Remember, the president MUST seek approval from Congress to use the military. There are only two exceptions to this requirement of the Constitution: (1) invasion and (2) insurrection.

Media & Development Assignment: The U.S.-Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI)

Each student will choose an existing international development project and analyze the roles media/communication technologies currently serve in its implementation/realization, situating their analysis within existing literature on development and communication paradigms.

The U.S.-Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI)

http://mepi.state.gov/index.html

Students will also assess the potential blind spots and pitfalls in the DevComm strategies being employed and propose a means of achieving development objectives through media/communication technologies that addresses and aims to correct said pitfalls.

In particular, students are asked to analyze how the organization understands and/or communicates the value of media as part of the development strategy (alternately, students might analyze how the organization uses media to communicate its mission to different audiences). Students should not take the claims made by the organization at face value, but should critically engage with the assumptions driving the media strategy as well as with the “story” being told through the media.

Students should also consider how development discourses are being articulated through the organization’s media strategies (i.e., how are those helping and those being helped presented? Whose voices are foreground? What relationships are enabled or curtailed through the media program? How are selective solutions presented as obvious?). Similarly, students should consider the political economic dimensions of the campaign (i.e., whose interests are being served? How is it funded? Regulated?).

Each student will choose an existing international development project and analyze the roles media/communication technologies currently serve (or could potentially serve) in its implementation/realization, situating their analysis within existing literature on development and communication paradigms. Using readings assigned, students will also assess the potential blind spots and pitfalls in the DevComm strategies being employed and propose a means of achieving development objectives through media/communication technologies that addresses and aims to correct said pitfalls.

Focus on

-          Media for development

-          Media development itself

Identify a development initiative that uses media as a tool

-          Critically analyze the underlying roles that the media plays in this perspective

-          Critically think about the medium and any edits, music, etc. think about the medium having specific attributes

-          Think about the way that they claim, track articles about that organization and their mission

o   Read the assumptions that are underlying the initiative’s objective

Look at and critically analyze development discourse

-          Often the organization supporting the mission

-          Power

o   Who gets to speak? Who gets spoken for?

o   Are there meanings constructed for the groups helping/being helped? Is there a lack of visibility?

Underlying assumptions

-          Potential outcomes of knowledge

-          Has to have a specific development agenda

o   Has to be an explicit initiative with the intent of modernization

o   Think about the way the initiative uses media

The student is not asked to analyze the effectiveness of the initiative but rather the assumptions the initiative has of its work

-          Interested in why they think their initiative is going to work

-          Questions of power- how does this construct a particular narrative?

What are the interests of the groups doing these initiatives?

-          Tax cuts?

-          Recognition?

-          Influence in market share?

Investigate feedback loops

-          Can the periphery bring back info to the core? In some cases information flows from the core to peripheries only.

Please also use relevant information from the below articles if they apply to anything regarding the initiative:

05/26: Media and Development

  • McAnany, Emile. Saving the World: A Brief History of Communication for Development and Social Change. University of Illinois, 2012, 106-123.

05/28: Complicating Development: Dependency and Cultural Imperialism

  • Briggs, John and Joanne Sharp. “Indigenous Knowledges and Development: A Postcolonial Caution” Third World Quarterly, 25:4, 2004. 661-676.
  • Wilkins, Karin Gwinn. “Accounting for Power in Development Communication” Redeveloping Communication for Social Change: Theory, Practice and Power. Ed. Karin Gwinn Wilkins. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2000. 197-210.
  • Steeves, H. Leslie. “Development Communication as Marketing… A Feminist Critique” International and Development Communication: A 21st Century Perspective. Ed Bella Mody. London: Sage, 2003. 227-244.
  • Sarti, Ingrid. “Communication and Cultural Dependency: A Misconception”. Communication and Social Structure. Ed: James McAnany. Praeger, 1981. 317-333.
  • Schiller, Herb. “Not Yet the Post-Imperialist Era.” Critical –Studies in Mass Communication.   8 (1), 1991. 13-28.

PARAMETERS: 5 single-spaced pages in Times New Roman 12-point font, excluding the works cited page, NO PLAGIARISM

Media & Development Assignment: The U.S.-Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI)

Each student will choose an existing international development project and analyze the roles media/communication technologies currently serve in its implementation/realization, situating their analysis within existing literature on development and communication paradigms.
The U.S.-Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI)
http://mepi.state.gov/index.html
Students will also assess the potential blind spots and pitfalls in the DevComm strategies being employed and propose a means of achieving development objectives through media/communication technologies that addresses and aims to correct said pitfalls.
In particular, students are asked to analyze how the organization understands and/or communicates the value of media as part of the development strategy (alternately, students might analyze how the organization uses media to communicate its mission to different audiences). Students should not take the claims made by the organization at face value, but should critically engage with the assumptions driving the media strategy as well as with the “story” being told through the media.
Students should also consider how development discourses are being articulated through the organization’s media strategies (i.e., how are those helping and those being helped presented? Whose voices are foreground? What relationships are enabled or curtailed through the media program? How are selective solutions presented as obvious?). Similarly, students should consider the political economic dimensions of the campaign (i.e., whose interests are being served? How is it funded? Regulated?).
Each student will choose an existing international development project and analyze the roles media/communication technologies currently serve (or could potentially serve) in its implementation/realization, situating their analysis within existing literature on development and communication paradigms. Using readings assigned, students will also assess the potential blind spots and pitfalls in the DevComm strategies being employed and propose a means of achieving development objectives through media/communication technologies that addresses and aims to correct said pitfalls.
Focus on
-          Media for development
-          Media development itself
Identify a development initiative that uses media as a tool
-          Critically analyze the underlying roles that the media plays in this perspective
-          Critically think about the medium and any edits, music, etc. think about the medium having specific attributes
-          Think about the way that they claim, track articles about that organization and their mission
o   Read the assumptions that are underlying the initiative’s objective
Look at and critically analyze development discourse
-          Often the organization supporting the mission
-          Power
o   Who gets to speak? Who gets spoken for?
o   Are there meanings constructed for the groups helping/being helped? Is there a lack of visibility?
Underlying assumptions
-          Potential outcomes of knowledge
-          Has to have a specific development agenda
o   Has to be an explicit initiative with the intent of modernization
o   Think about the way the initiative uses media
The student is not asked to analyze the effectiveness of the initiative but rather the assumptions the initiative has of its work
-          Interested in why they think their initiative is going to work
-          Questions of power- how does this construct a particular narrative?
What are the interests of the groups doing these initiatives?
-          Tax cuts?
-          Recognition?
-          Influence in market share?
Investigate feedback loops
-          Can the periphery bring back info to the core? In some cases information flows from the core to peripheries only.
Please also use relevant information from the below articles if they apply to anything regarding the initiative:
05/26: Media and Development

  • McAnany, Emile. Saving the World: A Brief History of Communication for Development and Social Change. University of Illinois, 2012, 106-123.

05/28: Complicating Development: Dependency and Cultural Imperialism

  • Briggs, John and Joanne Sharp. “Indigenous Knowledges and Development: A Postcolonial Caution” Third World Quarterly, 25:4, 2004. 661-676.
  • Wilkins, Karin Gwinn. “Accounting for Power in Development Communication” Redeveloping Communication for Social Change: Theory, Practice and Power. Ed. Karin Gwinn Wilkins. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2000. 197-210.
  • Steeves, H. Leslie. “Development Communication as Marketing… A Feminist Critique” International and Development Communication: A 21st Century Perspective. Ed Bella Mody. London: Sage, 2003. 227-244.
  • Sarti, Ingrid. “Communication and Cultural Dependency: A Misconception”. Communication and Social Structure. Ed: James McAnany. Praeger, 1981. 317-333.
  • Schiller, Herb. “Not Yet the Post-Imperialist Era.” Critical –Studies in Mass Communication.   8 (1), 1991. 13-28.

PARAMETERS: 5 single-spaced pages in Times New Roman 12-point font, excluding the works cited page, NO PLAGIARISM

Counter-Terrorism

A key objective of the course is to gain a comprehensive understanding of the ways terrorism and counter-terrorism is defined. This self-assessment is intended to test your understanding of these two important definitions.
Using the space provided, answer the following questions. Be sure to provide citations/references to support the definitions.
1. What are the ways terrorism and counter-terrorism are defined in America? Define each term and expand upon those definitions by indicating the various ways these terms are defined and why they vary.
2. What makes terrorism so hard to define in the United States? What are the challenges to defining terrorism? Explain how these challenges impede the development of a common definition of terrorism. In your explanation, provide at least one example.
3. What do experts and government leaders say about the need for a common definition of terrorism? Citing your readings, explain why it is necessary or not necessary.
4. What do proponents of a common definition suggest about adopting a comprehensive counter-terrorism strategy for the United States? Explain what it presently looks like in the United States and briefly note what can be done to achieve a more comprehensive counter-terrorism strategy and approach.

5. How will your Research Paper evaluate practical approaches to counter-terrorism within the context of your topic and area of focus?

Are Political Parties Beneficial or Detrimental?

Write a 2 to 3 page, APA style paper, arguing why you believe political parties are beneficial or detrimental.
•In your paper also include the opposing position along with your rebuttal (of that opposing position). For instance, if you wrote a paper arguing that political parties are beneficial (and why), then your rebuttal would be that political parties are detrimental (damaging or harmful) and why.
•Note: Arguing in a paper means to present reasons for or against a thing. For instance: He argued in favor of political parties or she argued against political parties. Then give your reasons in your paper to support your arguments!
•Include a title page and 3-5 references. Only one of your references may be found online (not Wikipedia). The other references must be found in the Grantham University online library. Please see the rubric below.

Emerging nations

Emerging nations are generally defined as those countries working to become industrialized (such countries include Cuba, Indonesia, Nigeria, India, etc…). Research and identify one emerging country and discuss why Marxism might be an attractive option for that country and its leaders. In addition, based on your readings and understanding of Tocqueville, how might he view that country if he were to visit it today.

2 pages.

Additional criteria attached.

Persuasion, Politics, and Propaganda Paper

COM 400 Week 4 Individual Assignment Persuasion, Politics, and Propaganda Paper

Write a 950- to 1,400-word paper on consumer vulnerability to media persuasion, politics, and propaganda.

Select a specific political issue in which the Internet played a decisive role in forming your political opinion about a topic.

Locate three news articles on your specific political issue:

·Find a news article that you believe to be totally objective.

·Find a second news article that you believe to be intentionally persuasive.

·Find a third news article that you believe to be subtly persuasive in the guise of an informative article.

Address the following in your paper:

·Identify the specific differences between the objective news article and the persuasive news article.

·Identify the specific differences between the persuasive news article and the information article.

·What is the role of bias in the persuasive and subtly persuasive articles? How is it used and what is the difference between the two?

Concludeyour paper by addressing the following:

·Do you believe that you are vulnerable to biased political persuasion? Explain and justify your answer.

·What techniques are used in the selected political articles to persuade readers?

·Are any of these articles particularly effective? Why or why not?

·How might we personally and as a society reduce our vulnerability to biased political persuasion pretending to be objective reporting?

Format the paper consistent with APA guidelines

Future trends in Public Adminstration

For this assignment you will be required to submit a paper on a future trend in public administration. Your paper should focus on future trends and social changes impacting public administration as well as future public policy challenges for public administration.

Requirements for the paper are as follows:

  • Title page
  • Clear introduction that provides the context for the topic
  • Paper must clearly present a future trend in Public Administration and identify the challenges and opportunities that may develop in accordance with the future trend, as well as the overall impact on the future of Public Administration.
  • Conclusion must briefly summarize the main points of the paper.
  • Reference page must be formatted in APA Style.

The paper should meet the following guidelines:

  • Minimum of 1500 words
  • Minimum of three appropriate scholarly or official sources used. Appropriate sources include books, peer-reviewed journal articles, statutes or congressional testimony, executive orders or directives, and official Web sites, reports, plans, white papers, policies, standards, strategies, or guidelines by government agencies, associations, etc. Articles in trade journals or popular media (e.g., magazines, newspapers, etc.) may also be used to supplement or reinforce scholarly sources.
  • The narrative must be clear, concise, and logically organized, with correct grammar, spelling, punctuation, and sentence structure.
  • All in-text source citations and references must be in consistent, proper, APA Style.
  • All acronyms, abbreviations, or technical terms must be defined clearly when first introduced.

Public Administration

Future of Public Administration

 Using the library or the Internet, research and discuss the impact of a growing global information network on administrative practices. Describe the changes that will likely occur in the future. Be specific as to what the changes would be and how and why they would occur. Cite your sources in APA style.

(250words)

Economic Climate and Public Administration

 For this discussion, research the current economic climate and discuss the possible impact or implications for global public administration. Cite your sources in APA style. (250words)

Diversity Training

 The course content has covered many topics, including workforce diversity programs, workplace inclusion theories, organizations’ diversity reputations, and the ADA. Consider the approaches to diversity in the workplace you have reviewed this quarter. Select an issue that you think your company should provide an diversity training on and provide your reasons for this.

(250 words)

Course Reflection

 Post a brief summary of three key concepts or insights that reflect your learning experience while participating in this course. You may refer to theories or research knowledge, how you would apply course content and experiences to your world of work or practice, or how you have grown personally and professionally as a result of completing this course. Be as specific as possible.

(250words)

Political Science

Select one of these three philosophers (Rousseau, Locke, Hobbes) and write a 2 page paper in which you analyze the significant ways in which their ideas differ from those at work in modern democracies. What could we gain from following their ideas more closely, and what might be dangerous if we did so?

Current Events and U.S. Diplomacy

Assignment 2: Current Events and U.S. Diplomacy
This paper will be a revised and expanded version of the first research paper. Based on your instructor’s feedback, you will first revise the first paper.
Write three-to-four (3-4) new pages that address the following:

  1. Define presidential doctrine and summarize the regional or global events during the Cold War leading up to the formation of the presidential doctrine you wrote about in Assignment 1.
  2. Select one country you wrote about in Assignment 1 and describe the Cold War relationship that existed between the country you selected and the U.S. before the presidential doctrine was announced.
  3. Describe the relationship that currently exists between the U.S. and the country you selected in section (2) above.
  4. Describe the effect that the presidential doctrine has had on regional or global affairs since it was announced during the Cold War.
  5. Assess whether or not the presidential doctrine you wrote about in Assignment 1 doctrine had had the intended effect of altering the behavior of the country you selected in section (2) above since the doctrine was first announced.
  6. Use at least four (4) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

To help you understand this assignment further, the following description and examples may be useful.

Step 1: Define doctrine and identify why a president would want to announce one.
A doctrine is an ideological platform that a president uses to advance a policy towards a country or region in order to accomplish foreign policy goals for the United States, so you will need to expand on this theme.
Refer back to Assignment 1, and build on whatever doctrine you wrote about then.  Say, for example, you selected the Truman Doctrine.  Therefore, this is the only thing you will write about in Assignment 2 step 1.
Step 2: Select one country you wrote about in Assignment 1 and describe the Cold War relationship that existed between it and the U.S.
Before the presidential doctrine was announced.  In the case of Truman, you would pick either the Soviet Union, Greece, or Iran, since all three were affected by his doctrine.  If you are writing about the Eisenhower Doctrine, you would choose Lebanon or Egypt; if you wrote about the Kennedy Doctrine, you would have write about Cuba or Vietnam; if your wrote about the Nixon Doctrine, you would choose either Vietnam, Saudi Arabia or Iran; if you chose Carter, you would select either Iran or Afghanistan; and if you wrote about the Reagan Doctrine, you would select Nicaragua, Angola, Russia or Afghanistan (although there were several others).
Step 3: Describe what effect the presidential doctrine you chose has had on regional or global affairs since it was announced during the Cold War.
That is, how did the doctrine change the status quo regionally or globally after it was announced by the U.S.?  What happened in Western Europe after the Truman Doctrine was announced?  What happened in the Middle East after the Eisenhower Doctrine was announced?  What happened with Cuba or Vietnam after Kennedy offered up his doctrine of flexible response?  What happened in Southeast Asia or the Persian Gulf after the Nixon Doctrine went in effect?  What happened in the Middle East after the Carter Doctrine was announced?  What happened in Central America or Africa or the Middle East after Reagan announced his doctrine?
Step 4: Refer back to the country you selected in step two and describe the relationship that currently exists between the U.S. and that country.
How has the relationship changed between the U.S. and that country since the doctrine was announced?
Step 5: Evaluate whether or not the presidential doctrine had had the intended effect of altering the behavior of the one country you selected in section (2) above since the doctrine was first announced.
Your assignment must:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Identify the cultural, economic, and political context of information resources, and interpret information in light of that context.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in international problems.
  • Write clearly and concisely about international problems using proper writing mechanics.

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT

1 Explain the structure of the federal judicial system. What are the responsibilities of each part of the system?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use as source material for your response. All sources used, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.

Question 2

1. In 1800, the federal bureaucracy was relatively small with only a few thousand employees. Describe how the bureaucracy grew from a few thousand employees to the size it is today. Also, discuss how the bureaucracy is organized and how government employees are hired

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use as source material for your response. All sources used, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.

Question 3

1. What legal and political influences can affect the decisions of judges? How does the judiciary play a part in policy making?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use as source material for your response. All sources used, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.

Question 4

1.  Describe the process by which the federal budget is developed.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use as source material for your response. All sources used, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations

5 Partisan considerations have increasingly influenced the selection of federal judges. Interest groups on the right and the left have insisted on the appointment of judges who hold compatible views. Presidents and members of Congress have also increasingly sought appointees who will decide issues in ways they prefer. What is your view? Should politics play such a large role in judicial appointments? Or should merit be given greater weight? Does a merit based system favor ONLY those with money and the connections?

Federal & State Programs

Kaiser Family Foundation. (2012). Medicare’s role for dual-eligible

beneficiaries. Retrieved from http://www.kff.org/medicare/

upload/8138-02.pdf

Identify one or two main points from each selected article.

Explain in detail the issues presented in the articles and their impact on the recipients of Medicare.

Explain in detail the issues presented in the articles and their impact on the providers to Medicare recipients.

 

in-text citation and apa reference format is a must please. Answer each question in simple indepth answers please

Federal & State Programs

Kaiser Family Foundation. (2012). Medicare’s role for dual-eligible
beneficiaries
. Retrieved from http://www.kff.org/medicare/
upload/8138-02.pdf
Identify one or two main points from each selected article.
Explain in detail the issues presented in the articles and their impact on the recipients of Medicare.
Explain in detail the issues presented in the articles and their impact on the providers to Medicare recipients.
 
in-text citation and apa reference format is a must please. Answer each question in simple indepth answers please

Political Parties and the Electoral Process

Write a three to four (3-4) page paper on the relationship between political parties and the electoral process in which you:

  1. Identify three to four (3-4) ideological differences between America’s two (2) major political parties.
  2. Analyze key reasons why third parties have never been successful at the presidential level.
  3. Determine the role of the campaign process in maintaining the two-party system. Use examples to support your response.
  4. Use at least four (4) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites to not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are to:

  • Infer a theory why the U.S. has only two major political parties.
  • Develop reasoned written and spoken presentations on issues and questions involving the U.S. government and national political processes using information in the course.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in the field of U.S. government and politics.

The Consistency of Military Policy

“The Consistency of Military Policy” Please respond to the following

answer the following question

    • Discuss the evolution of presidential power in military affairs and explain the fundamental elements that dictate the use of American armed forces abroad. Indicate how these elements are affected by public opinion.
    • What is the constitutional requirement for using military forces?
    • Identify some reasons why military forces should be used and some where they should not be used.
    • How consistent are US defense policies?
    • NOTE: Remember, the president MUST seek approval from Congress to use the military. There are only two exceptions to this requirement of the Constitution: (1) invasion and (2) insurrection.

Public Administration

Assignment 4: Public Leadership Presentation

Due Week 10 and worth 150 points

Condense information from Assignments 1, 2, 3, and additional criteria in order to develop a creative and appealing PowerPoint presentation.

Incorporate the professor’s feedback from Assignments 1, 2, and 3 in order to proficiently develop Assignment 4.

Use the basic outline below as headers for your presentation. Organize your responses to each question (except Questions 1, 2, and 8) under the following slide headings:

  • Role of the Chief of Staff (for Question 3)
  • Public Leadership Theory (for Question 4)
  • Public Leadership Styles (for Question 5)
  • Public Leadership Trends (for Question 6)
  • Our Government Leadership (for Question 7)

Create a ten to twelve (10-12) slide presentation in which you:

  1. Create a title slide and references section (as indicated in the format requirements below).
  2. Narrate each slide, using a microphone, indicating what you would say if you were actually presenting in front of an audience. Note: If you do not have access to a microphone, then you should provide detailed speaker notes with your presentation.
  3. Briefly summarize your role as Chief of Staff and the task the City Manager had charged you with regarding the Public Leadership Academy.
  4. From the specific leadership theories that you had reviewed in the previous assignments, determine one (1) theory that best fits the mission of the Public Leadership Academy. Provide a rationale to support your answer.
  5. From the styles that you had discussed in the previous assignments, determine two (2) styles that best fit the mission of the Public Leadership Academy. Provide a rationale to support your answer.
  6. Predict three (3) public leadership trends that you believe will be particularly significant within the next decade.
  7. Based on your responses in Questions 4-6, prepare an argument that convinces the City Manager to adopt the leadership theory and style(s) that best fit the mission of the Public Leadership Academy. Provide support for your argument.
  8. Include at least four (4) peer-reviewed references (no more than five [5] years old) from material outside the textbook. Note: Appropriate peer-reviewed references include scholarly articles and governmental Websites. Wikipedia, other wikis, and any other websites ending in anything other than “.gov” do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Include a title slide containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The title slide is not included in the required slide length.
  • Include a reference slide containing the sources that were consulted while completing research on the selected topic, listed in APA format. The reference slide is not included in the required slide length.
  • Format the PowerPoint presentation with headings on each slide, two to three (2-3) colors, two to three (2-3) fonts, and two to three (2-3) relevant graphics (photographs, graphs, clip art, etc.), ensuring that the presentation is visually appealing and readable from eighteen (18) feet away. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Slides should abbreviate the information in no more than five or six (5 or 6) bullet points each.
  • Slide titles should be based on the criteria being summarized (e.g., “Four Key Attributes,” “Responses to Budget Issues,” etc.).

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Evaluate the theories and models of public leadership.
  • Differentiate among the styles of public leadership.
  • Determine the role of public leadership in influencing the operations of public organizations and decisions of public administrators.
  • Analyze how public leadership influences the various levels of public administration and public service.
  • Examine the personal aspects of public leadership and professional ethics.
  • Differentiate between leadership roles in a public administrative environment versus a private administrative role.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in public leadership and conflict resolution.
  • Write clearly and concisely about issues in public leadership and conflict resolution using proper writing mechanics.

Principles and Theory of Security Management

Principles and Theory of Security Management

question1.

Terrorist threats have become increasingly common. The government as well as all types of organizations in many industries are using programs for assessing these threats, providing countermeasures, and communicating with those affected.

What level of activity do you see in your organization or by your government representatives? How effective do you feel these actions are? What else should be done?

 

question 2.

Other than terrorism, what types of threats do you think organizations face today from domestic sources?

Immigration: Face of America

Immigration: Face of America HTY-110

HTY 110HA Critical Thinking Essay

First, follow the links to read the articles below:

CQ Researcher Report, “Immigration,” 2013

http://library.cqpress.com.ezproxy.saintleo.edu/cqresearcher/document.php?id=cqr_ht_immigration_2013&type=hitlist&num=2#.UlL25F0Gokg.email

“The American Dream?” by: Barbara D. Krasner.; Cobblestone, May/Jun2013, Vol. 34 Issue 5, p. 36, 4p

http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.saintleo.edu/ehost/detail/detail?sid=2bb13ffd-fe7d-419b-bd09-cc03f72ce00d%40sessionmgr112&crlhashurl=login.aspx%253fdirect%253dtrue%2526db%253dkhh%2526AN%253d87464729%2526site%253dehost-live%2526scope%253dsite&hid=113&vid=0&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=khh&AN=87464729

Then you will write and submit a 2-3-page essay (double-spaced, 12-point font) in MLA format addressing the following:

Should there be a legal path to citizenship for the undocumented children of illegal immigrants? Why or why not? If you were charged with proposing a solution to this dilemma, what do you think would be the best and most fair way to address this problem? Be sure to provide a detailed step-by-step proposal. How does your proposal relate to the Saint Leo core values of community and personal development?

Discrimination

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. said that, “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.” To live a good life and as a good person it is not only having the right morals but, it is also acting on them. Many would agree that discrimination of any sort is an injustice. To what extent do you have a responsibility to fight/reduce discrimination? Support your answer with one of the moral theories covered in the course.

Your paper should be 2-3 pages in APA format.

Submit your completed assignment to the drop box below. Please check the Course Calendar for specific due dates.

Save your assignment as a Microsoft Word document. (Mac users, please remember to append the “.docx” extension to the filename.) The name of the file should be your first initial and last name, followed by an underscore and the name of the assignment, and an underscore and the date

Presidential Election

Presidential Election

Despite commonly held beliefs about the popularity of presidents, presidents are elected by the Electoral College. This uniquely American institution consists of representatives of each state who cast the final ballots that actually elect the president. The total number of electors for each state is equal to the number of senators and representatives from that state in the U.S. Congress. The District of Columbia is accorded three electoral votes bringing the total number of votes to 538. Thus, the magic number for winning the presidency is 270 votes.

Research the most recent presidential election using the Argosy University online library resources and the Internet and write a paper on the topic. Include the following in your paper:

  • Identify the major issues of concern to voters and compare how each presidential candidate addressed those issues.
  • Summarize information relevant to the issues and the election.
  • Evaluate the validity of each candidate’s arguments.
  • Cite your sources and prepare a title and reference page according to APA standards.

Write a 2–3-page paper in Word format (excluding title and reference pages). Apply APA standards for writing style to your work.

The Evolution of the Prison System

The Evolution of the Prison System

In the US criminal justice system, we make a distinction between prisons and jails. Our jail system is used to house those awaiting trial or those sentenced to less than one year. Our prison system is reserved for those sentenced to more than one year. The history of the prison system in the United States is rich and complicated. We have gone from warehousing inmates to a system that provides education and other services to inmates.

Using the Argosy University Online Library, find at least two articles that describe significant changes to the prison systems in the United States beyond what you learned about in your textbook. You can consider federal or state prisons, but keep focused on prisons as opposed to local (i.e., county or city) jails.

As you review the evolution of the correctional processes, think about how these changes have been impacted by those who have not been and will never be incarcerated. Think about how punishment within the correctional system has changed and the advancement of inmate rights.

Current Events and U.S. Diplomacy

Current Events and U.S. Diplomacy
This paper will be a revised and expanded version of the first research paper. Based on your instructor’s feedback, you will first revise the first paper.
Write three-to-four (3-4) new pages that address the following:

  1. Define presidential doctrine and summarize the regional or global events during the Cold War leading up to the formation of the presidential doctrine you wrote about in Assignment 1.
  2. Select one country you wrote about in Assignment 1 and describe the Cold War relationship that existed between the country you selected and the U.S. before the presidential doctrine was announced.
  3. Describe the relationship that currently exists between the U.S. and the country you selected in section (2) above.
  4. Describe the effect that the presidential doctrine has had on regional or global affairs since it was announced during the Cold War.
  5. Assess whether or not the presidential doctrine you wrote about in Assignment 1 doctrine had had the intended effect of altering the behavior of the country you selected in section (2) above since the doctrine was first announced.
  6. Use at least four (4) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required page length.

Despite the assignment requirements, the professor is really looking for me to answer the following questions.:

1. Restate your thesis/doctrine

2. Select a country involved

3.What is the relationship with us?

4. What happened over the years?

5. Did the doctrine do what it was supposed to?

Policy-making in the Federal System

Policy-making in the Federal System

The U.S. government’s expansive role in public policy is caught in a swirl of conflicting cross-currents. On the one hand, popular expectations about government’s responsibility to solve problems often exceed the capacity of state and local authorities to respond effectively. On the other hand, policies developed at the national level may not sufficiently reflect the great diversity of interests across the US to be effective at the local level. Moreover, the search for effective policy is further complicated by theoretical debates about the constitutional framework of federalism (e.g., what limits on national power can be derived from the 10th Amendment?).

Select a policy issue that is in the middle of these cross-currents between national, state, and local authority. It must be a policy area other than education (the focus of Discussion One in Week Two). Some examples include: federal health care policy (e.g., Obamacare, satisfaction-guaranteed2–not Medicare); federal transportation policy (e.g., federal transportation subsidies); federal highway policy (e.g., federal rules about the minimum drinking age, speed limits, or safety); federal urban planning and renewal policy; federal poverty, welfare and unemployment policies; national security policies that intersect/conflict with local police power; and federal disaster planning and relief. These are only examples. The policy area that you select must have a significant federalism component that requires national, state, and local interaction. It should also involve issues with a strong potential for tension or conflict among different levels of government.
Research and write an essay on a specific policy in the area that you select. (Note: The word “policy” is used interchangeably with the word “program.”) Your essay must:

  1. Clearly identify a specific federal policy (the policy must raise issues of federalism because it requires national, state, and local interaction and invites tension across different levels of government), and summarize the elements of the policy, including the problem it is supposed to solve or improve.
  2. Summarize the history of the policy. In your summary, explain how the policy raises issues of federalism.
  3. Analyze the main pros and cons in debates about the policy.
  4. Evaluate the pros and cons from two perspectives:
    • The policy’s effectiveness. In your evaluation, clearly explain your definition of effectiveness and how it should be measured or determined.
    • The policy’s consistency with the constitutional framework of federalism. In your evaluation, clearly explain your interpretation of American federalism’s constitutional framework and why the federal policy is or is not consistent with it.

Follow these requirements when writing the short essay:

The body of the essay (excluding the title page and reference page) must be at least 750 words long.

  1. The essay must start with a short introductory paragraph which includes a clear thesis statement. The thesis statement must tell readers what the essay will demonstrate.
  2. The essay must end with a short paragraph which includes a conclusion. The conclusion and thesis must be consistent.
  3. The essay must logically develop the thesis in a way that leads to the conclusion, and must be supported by facts, fully explained concepts or assertions, and persuasive reasoning.
  4. The essay must address all subtopics outlined above. At least 20% of the essay must focus on subtopic six, listed above (your evaluation of the various pros and cons about the policy).
  5. Your essay must cite at least one academic article found in the Ashford Online Library and at least three other kinds of sources (e.g., Supreme Court opinions, magazine or newspaper articles, the course textbook, and reliable websites).
  6. Use your own words. While brief quotes from sources may be used, altogether the total amount of quoted text must be less than five percent of the body of your essay.
  7. When you use someone else’s words, they must be enclosed in quotation marks followed by an APA in-text short citation (author, year, and page) to your source. The in-text citation must correspond to a full APA citation for the source on the reference page at the end of the essay.
  8. When you express someone else’s ideas, arguments, or facts in your own words, your statement must be followed by an APA in-text short citation (author, year, and page) to your source. The in-text citation must correspond to a full APA citation for the source in the reference page.
  9. The form of the title page, the body pages, and the reference page must comply with APA style. Additionally, the title page must include the course number and name, the instructor’s name, and the date submitted.
  10. The essay must use logical paragraph and sentence transitions, complete and clear sentences, and correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

For information regarding APA, including samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar in your online course.

System of government

Our system of government provides for individuals the right to hold ownership to real estate. Yet, our system of government also provides for taxation on real estate holdings, eminent domain and police powers. What is your opinion on the issue of eminent domain as it pertains to your right to protect your property? What about the right to restrict (police power) how we use our land?  What role did the Kelo case (US Supreme Court) play in the state’s legislatures redefining the concept of eminent domain?

Critical Film Reflection

Title : Critical Film Reflection
Instructions : PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTION CAREFULLY: 

YOU WILL NEED TO WATCH THE FILM “Chocolat” by Claire Denis in order to write this paper.

This paper should reflect on Historical Present – we can not understand contemporary issues without looking at the historical. There is a historical resin left on the present. Domestic subversions – culture is made and reproduced. PAY ATTENTION TO HISTORICAL RESIN. 

Stoler (Uploaded reading) – look at sentiment and Emotion

PLEASE FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE PAPER BELOW AND BE SURE TO REVIEW THE UPLOADED LECTURE SLIDES

Critical Film Reflection: 

In no more than 4.5 pages (and no less than 3 pages, double spaced, 12 point font), using course themes and concepts, reflect on Claire Denis’ film, Chocolat. 

You will only use two sources: The film – Chocolat by Claire Denis and the other is – Stoler, Ann Laura (1995), “Domestic Subversions and Children’s Sexualities”, in Race and The Education of Desire: Foucault’s History of Sexuality and the Colonial Order of Things, Duke University Press, Pp. 137-164 (This paper will be uploaded to the site.

– I will also upload the lecture slides that go with this paper and will assist in writing this paper. 

– PLEASE MAKE SURE YOU READ THE UPLOADED LECTURE SLIDES.

Do not simply recite the film’s events, but create a thesis that allows for a critical reflection on the film and what it communicates to its reader. 

Use ideas from the class readings, class discussion, and your own ideas about what makes the film important (or not).

Guiding questions that might help your reflection:

What do we learn about girlhood from this film? What do we learn about how race, gender and racial supremacy impacts girlhood? Is this film about childhood, about adulthood, about both? How and Why? What does childhood have to do with colonial histories? What do you think the filmmaker’s motivation for making the film was? What is your critique of the film/what is it lacking/what does it do well?

In your reflection, make sure to cite in MLA or APA format.

Be very, very careful when citing and using the internet to find out information about the movie (if you do so). Be sure not to plagiarize and to create original work. Always reference someone else’s words/world/ideas properly.

Number of pages: 4  Number of sources: 2  Citation style: apa  Academic level: graduate  Course name: Women and Gender Studies – Politics of Girlhood  Course level:University Senior

Global Issues

Please respond to each of the following questions with a succinct paragraph. Remember to reference statistics, quotes and other people’s ideas. Remember this is not a copy and paste scavenger hunt; you should paraphrase or summarize other author’s findings.

Upon uploading your exam into Moodle, you are agreeing that you have not discussed any of the questions with anyone else but the Professor. You are encouraged to seek assistance from Academic Support Services regarding proofreading or helping you organize your thoughts. They are not there to give you the answers. Realize they will be incredibly busy at the end of semester, so you should seek their assistance now.

Essay Questions:

Benjamin Franklin was reported to say “Those who would give up essential liberty to purchase a little temporary safety, deserve neither liberty nor safety”. Discuss one of the types of Intelligence gathering techniques i.e. Human Source Intelligence (HUMINT), Signals Intelligence (SIGINT), Imagery Intelligence (IMINT) or Geospatial Intelligence (GEOINT) and what civil liberties may be in jeopardy insofar the government uses one of those techniques.

Global crimes that include drug, human, organ or weapons trafficking appear to have become more pervasive and difficult to stop in the last few decades. Describe one element that may contribute to this problem.

Why does the current composition of the United Nations Security Council pose a challenge to passing resolutions? What if anything should be changed?

Many of the Millennium Development Goals concentrate on health issues. Describe one of the health problems included in the Millennium Development Goals and what is being done to address it?

What is the difference between a pandemic and epidemic?

Investing in girl’s education in some developing countries has proven to pay more dividends than investing in boys. Why might this be true?

What are the pros and cons of operating sweatshops?

The World Bank discusses the challenges of many people around the world living on less than $1.25 per day. Describe a viable solution that can help lift people out of abject poverty.

The story of Human Rights evolved from Cyrus Cylinder to natural law, natural rights and the current iteration of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. However, even with this Declaration being acknowledged by many, some human rights are still trampled on by others. Discuss one of the rights articulated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that is being violatedtoday and what can be done to address that violation.

Describe an advancement in technology that may change the world.

Capitalism vs Socialism

Capitalism vs Socialism

I need this discussion question answered in 600 words by tomorrow at midnight. Many thanks in advance!

For this discussion, reflect on the struggle underway in Cuba between social equality and the free market. In your view, which force will win? Why? Draw on your reading and the Capitalism Versus Socialism: The Cuban Quandary video to make your case, and use the  library to identify and reference an additional scholarly resource that supports your point of view.

Community Policing Evolution

Article Critique of Professional Journal on Community Policing Evolution

Topic:

The evolution of community policing and how it may assist in crime detection or protection

The topic listed is related to the importance of law enforcement professionas staying current and up-to-date on the ever changing aspects of law enforcement. Complete an article critique investigating a professional journal. The article should not be more than two years old and should be at least 3 pages in length.

 

Article critique should be 2 pages in length and double-spaced and written APA style.

War on drugs policy

Budget and Policy Paper

Write a 1,400-1,750-word paper in which you summarize the goals in the criminal justice system that your selected policy attempts to achieve.

Analyze the effective and ineffective initiatives associated with your selected policy, as well as any historical significance that may have impact.

Cite your references properly consistent with APA guidelines. (5 references)

Terrorism

The final paper is a knowledge-intensive exploration of Hamas terrorist group.

Identify the governments or organizations that identify the group as a terrorist group;

  • its stated purposes using primary sources where possible,
  • the group(s) from which it draws its support; and
  • the role of terrorism in achieving its stated purposes.
  • Analyze the structure of the group, its funding, its recruitment strategies and membership profile.
  • Identify important force multipliers (including state support).
  • Identify current (past twelve month) terrorist incidents and other political and social operations.
  • Identify specific counter-terrorist operations being employed to limit or defeat the group and the agencies involved in those operations.

You must include references to peer reviewed resources.

If it is a transnational group, conclude with a discussion of the significance of the group for future U.S. domestic and/or foreign policy activities. If it is a nationalist group, discuss the significance of that group within the state(s) in which it operates.

This paper should be 10 to 15 pages.

 

European Union

You are to write a 5 page paper addressing the following questions:

  1. What are the advantages to being in the EU and adopting the Euro (two separate issues)? What are the chief drawbacks (EU and Euro, economic and political)?Why has England, Norway, Sweden, or Switzerland adopted the Euro?
  2. What would be the advantages and disadvantages to the USA entering into a similar union with Mexico and Canada (This is known as the North American Trade Union, this you may have to skim the book, titled The Late Great USA by Corsi, discusses some of the issues in detail.) Who are the principle beneficiaries of NATU (e.g. countries/categories”workers, so on), who can it hurt? Why?
  3. In your opinion, would you like to see an agreement such as NATU reached between Mexico, Canada and the US? Why or why not?

If you need to gather information about NATU, you can skim the book “The Late Great USA,” here is the link to the PDF. http://conspiracywiki.com/documents/the-late-great-usa.pdf

You are allowed to use outside sources if you like. HOWEVER, be careful not to plagiarize. Your assignment will be submitted through safe assignment, any papers above 40% reported will be considered plagiarized and can result in point deductions or failure in the grade for your first occurrence, a recorded notification in your file with the director if it is your second occurrence, or failure in the class if it is your third occurrence.

This is NOT an easy and quick assignment. If this is your first time reading about the European Union, foreign currencies, NAFTA, NATU or something similar, it can be quite a lengthy read. The writing will not take long, but the gathering of information can.

Motivational Factors and Theories

PSY 302  Assignment

Motivational Factors and Theories:
 

To be effective, a company must learn to motivate its employees to efficiently meet the goals of the organization.  Using what you know about motivation and the field of I/O psychology, respond to the following:

  1. Propose at least three ways to motivate others in the workplace.
  2. Create a strategy for enhancing your own motivation in the workplace.  
  3. Compare and contrast two motivational theories (found in Chapter 7 of your course text) of your choice.
  4. Finally, discuss the pros and cons of using financial incentives in the workplace.

 

Your assignment must be two to three double-spaced pages in length (excluding title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA guidelines as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.  Include a cover page and reference page formatted in APA style.  In addition to the textbook, utilize at least one scholarly peer-reviewed source that was published within the past five years. 

Terrorism and the City

Terrorism is a continuing threat to national security. Use the Internet to research one (1) terrorist attack in the U.S. within the past 20 years (e.g., the attacks on 9/11, bombing of the Boston Marathon, etc.). Explain the major effects that this attack had on American society in terms of a sense of urgency and personal responsibility. Describe the sociological theory that best explains terrorism in America.

Public Administration

“Public Leadership and Public and Private Goods” Please respond to the following:
Note: Online students, please respond to one (1) of the following two (2) bullet items.

  • From the weekly readings and e-Activity, suggest three (3) strategies that a public leader could use in order to do the following: persuade other governmental departments to work collaboratively to reduce financial burdens, increase sufficiency in the delivery of public services, and implement a different environment for public leadership. Provide a rationale for your response.
  • From the weekly readings and e-Activity, propose two (2) actions that a public leader can take in order to balance human capital and social capital without jeopardizing the culture and values in any government department and the government as a whole. Justify your response.

PERSPECTIVES ON TERRORISM

Instructions
Terrorism has been depicted in fictional books and film in a number of ways and many of them are truly unnoticed or labeled as terrorism. In a five-page paper (double spaced, 12 font, APA or MLA format), you are to choose a film or book then analyze and define the terrorism that is portrayed in the chosen fictional work. The chosen work must not be based on a factual event. In your analysis, you should describe the terrorist group/act/etc. that you have chosen, determine the motivation for the terrorism, choose what type of terrorism is being conducted (left wing, right wing, state, etc.), come to a conclusion about the effectiveness of the terrorism that you chose, and then finally answer the question: How does the portrayal of terrorism in popular culture (this is a more general question but can be directly applied to your chosen topic) effect how society sees terrorism and what is the effect of the fictional vision of terrorism?.
 
A couple movies/books that could be chosen (but not limited to) are V For Vendetta, Star Wars, Die Hard, Patriot Games, Speed, Braveheart, Independence Day, Palahniuk’s Fight Club (also a movie), The East, Skyfall, True Lies, The Peacemaker, Passenger 57, Dostoyevsky’s The Devils, Conrad’s The Secret Agent, von Trotta’s The German Sisters, Fassbinder’s The Third Generation among many more. Movies like Zero Dark Thirty or Munich cannot be used because they are based on actual events.

public policy issues

Select one of the following public policy issues and assess its effectiveness. If you were president, what changes would you propose and why?
1) Race to the Top; 2) Corporate Subsidies; 3) Outsourcing.
Assignment responses should be no less than 300 words and no more than about 500 words, while student replies should be no less than 150 words and no more than about 300 words.

American federalism

American Government Assignment 1
Write a three to four (3-4) page paper on American federalism in which you:

  1. Provide three (3) examples of how federalism has evolved from its origins to the American political system in place today.
  2. Examine three to five (3-5) factors that have allowed the concept of federalism to shape American political behavior.
  3. Discuss at least two (2) factors that illustrate how the relationship between the states and the U.S. federal government influences the creation of American policies overall.
  4. Use at least three (3) quality academic resources in this assignment.

Note: Wikipedia and other Websites to not qualify as academic resources.
 
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

 
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are to:

  • Determine how the Constitution divides power between the state and federal governments.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in the field of U.S. government and politics.
  • Write clearly and concisely about U.S. government and politics using proper writing mechanics.

 

Crime Control Policy Analysis

Write a 1,050- to 1,750-word paper in which you summarize the conflict and crime control model versus the consensus and due process model.

 

Analyze the two policies by addressing the following questions:

  • What role does law enforcement play in these policies?
  • What roles do the prosecutor and courts play in these policies?
  • What role does corrections play in these policies?
  • Is there a difference between federal application and state and local application of policies?
  • What is your opinion of the various policies? Explain in detail
  • How can we measure the effectiveness of these policies?

Cite your 5 references properly consistent with APA guidelines.

Public Administrative Environments

Assignment 3: Public Administrative Environments
The City Manager has contacted you regarding the following issues concerning various governmental departments and external stakeholders:
 

  • In the past year, citizen, department, and outside stakeholder complaints have been filed against the Department of Health administrators. Such complaints cited unprofessional leadership, unethical practices, insufficient customer and patient care, poor fire and emergency response time, and inability to implement change and resolve conflict within and amongst subordinates and staff. The Department of Health is composed of the following agencies:
    • Social Services,
    • Fire and Emergency Management, and
    • Human Services.

 

  • The School Board has a collaborative relationship with various government departments. In the last two (2) months, the School Board has charged department directors with failure to work collaboratively with the School Board on its efforts to:
    • Meet federal mandates regarding reformation of new policy issues that will impact the leadership of the Department of Redevelopment and Housing, the State Department of Education, and the State Department of Housing and Urban Development.
    • Support the academic leadership of secondary school principals by providing specific student data from the Department of Juvenile Relations, in an attempt to improve student retention and performance toward increase graduation rates.

 
Note: You may create and / or make all necessary assumptions needed for the completion of this assignment.
 
Use the basic outline below to draft your paper. Organize your responses to each question (except Question 5) under the following section headings:
 

  • Public Leadership in a Health Environment (for Question 1)
  • Public Leadership in an Educational Environment (for Question 2)
  • Public  Leadership in Government Operations (for Question 3)
  • Improving Public Leadership Styles (for Question 4)

 
Write a seven to eight (7-8) page paper in which you:
 

  1. Determine one (1) specific leadership theory and two to three (2-3) public leader styles that would be most beneficial for the Director of Public Health and related agencies in addressing the issues. Provide a rationale to support your response.
  2. Recommend one (1) specific leadership theory and two (2) public leader styles that would be most beneficial for the School Board in addressing the issues presented. Provide a rationale for your response.
  3. Determine the essential manner in which the leadership from the Department of Public Health, the School Board, and the various other government departments impacts the leadership of the City Manager’s and his or her ability to carry out government operations.
  4. Recommend two (2) strategies that a public leader could use in order to overcome the weaknesses inherent in his / her leadership style(s).
  5. Include at least four (4) peer-reviewed references (no more than five [5] years old) from material outside the textbook. Note: Appropriate peer-reviewed references include scholarly articles and governmental Websites. Wikipedia, other wikis, and any other websites ending in anything other than “.gov” do not qualify as academic resources.

 
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
 

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

 
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
 

  • Analyze how public leadership influences the various levels of public administration and public service.
  • Examine the personal aspects of public leadership and professional ethics.
  • Assess how to motivate, communicate, implement change, and resolve conflicts as an effective public leader.
  • Analyze the concepts of leadership and the qualities, skills, and practices necessary for effective public leadership.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in public leadership and conflict resolution.
  • Write clearly and concisely about issues in public leadership and conflict resolution using proper writing mechanics.

Political Parties and the Electoral Process

Assignment 2: Political Parties and the Electoral Process
Write a three to four (3-4) page paper on the relationship between political parties and the electoral process in which you:

  1. Identify three to four (3-4) ideological differences between America’s two (2) major political parties. ( Dem & Rep )
  2. Analyze key reasons why third parties have never been successful at the presidential level. ( Independents)
  3. Determine the role of the campaign process in maintaining the two-party system. Use examples to support your response.
  4. Use at least four (4) quality academic resources in this assignment.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; references must follow APA 6 format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are to:

  • Infer a theory why the U.S. has only two major political parties.
  • Develop reasoned written and spoken presentations on issues and questions involving the U.S. government and national political processes using information in the course.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in the field of U.S. government and politics.

Write clearly and concisely about U.S. government and politics using proper writing mechanics.
 

The US political system

The U.S. political system is based on several conflicting political processes, political behaviors, institutions, and issues. Below is a list of some of these contentious political issues that affect our system of government. Select one of these issues and create a logical argument defending or opposing the issue. Use at least six scholarly sources, including your textbook, to support your argument. Make sure you address counter-arguments to the issue you select.
The purpose of this Final Paper is to not only demonstrate an understanding of selected political behaviors but also apply critical thinking in the analysis the most pressing current political issues.
Select your topic from the list of issues below:

  • The U.S. government is too large.
  • The U.S. government does not supply enough social services.
  • The U.S. tax system is unfair.
  • The Executive Branch has too much power.
  • The Legislative Branch has too much power.
  • The Judicial Branch has too much power.
  • The media has too much power.
  • Civil rights/liberties are currently threatened by the federal government.
  • Public opinion has too much influence over political actors.
  • U.S. elections do not reflect the will of the people.

This paper will be divided into the following five sections:

  1. Introduction:
    1. Define your thesis/argument/position.
    2. State the main points of your paper.
  2. Explanation of your position:
    1. Explain your position and support it using scholarly sources.
    2. Explain why your position is valid and/or credible and support your discussion using scholarly sources.
  3. Explanation of the opposing position (counter-arguments):
    1. Explain the opposing positions and use scholarly sources to support it.
    2. Explain why the opposing position is not valid and/or credible and use scholarly sources to support your argument.
  4. Overall effect on our political system:
    1. Evaluate how your issue affects our political system.
    2. Evaluate the effect on our political system.
      • Determine if the issue is having an overall positive or negative effect on our democracy.
      • Support your evaluation using scholarly sources.
  5. Conclusion:
    1. Restate your thesis/argument/position.
    2. Review your main points.

Writing the Final Paper
The Final Paper:

  1. Must be 5 to 7 double-spaced pages in length (excluding title and reference pages), and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  2. Must include a title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  3. Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.
  4. Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
  5. Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.
  6. Must include at least six scholarly sources, which may include your textbook. Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  7. Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

The Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid use the country Iraq

Students, please view the “Submit a Clickable Rubric Assignment” in the Student Center.
Instructors, training on how to grade is within the Instructor Center.
Assignment 1: The Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid
Due Week 4 and worth 200 points
Use the Internet to research one (1) developing nation of your choice. Your research should include an examination of the effects that war and peace have on the distribution of foreign aid, as well as the material covered by the Webtext and lectures in Weeks 1 through 3.
Write a three to four (3-4) page research paper in which you:

  1. Assess the positive and negative effects that peace and war, respectively, have on the distribution of foreign aid in the developing country that you have selected. Support your response with concrete examples of each of the results that you have cited.
  2. Analyze the specific actions that the leadership of the selected country has taken, through the use of its foreign aid from donor nations and international lending institutions, to relieve the severe problems caused by warfare.
  3. Discuss whether or not the extension of foreign aid has successfully reduced poverty and the incidence of warfare in the selected country. Support your response with examples.
  4. Use at least five (5) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia, blogs, and other nonacademic websites do not qualify as academic resources. Approval of resources is at the instructor’s discretion. Resources must also be within the last seven (7) years. Â

When referencing the selected resources, please use the following format:Â

  • Webtext Format:
    • Name of the author. Name of title. Retrieved from website url.
      • Example:

Soomo. Understanding Development [Webtext]. Retrieved from http://www.webtexts.com/courses/9218-cathey.

  • Lecture Format:
    • Name of the Author. Name of the lecture [lecture type]. Retrieved from lecture url.
      • Example:

Strayer University. (2013). Understanding Development [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from /bbcswebdav/institution/SOC/300/1136/Week1/lecture/story.html.

  • Internet Resources:
    • Author’s Name. (Date of publication). Title of the resource. Retrieved from website url.
      • Example:

Wuestewald, Eric. (2014). Portraits of people living on a dollar a day. Retrieved from http://www.motherjones.com/mixed-media/2014/04/living-on-a-dollar-a-day-photos-renee-byer-thomas-nazario.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Analyze how funding in the form of aid, investment, and loans moves from industrialized nations to the developing world to alleviate the problems caused by warfare.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in sociology of developing countries.
  • Write clearly and concisely about sociology of developing countries using proper writing mechanics.

ETHICS and SOCIAL JUSTICE

In this assignment, you will examine the ideological struggles that underlie policymaking in the United States. This includes the following:

  • The historical legacy of fear of a strong central government and how this fear has influenced the development of the US Constitution.
  • The ideological divisions in the United States’ politics which fall primarily along a Conservative–Liberal continuum.

Research areas of social welfare policy using your textbook, the Argosy University online library resources, and the Internet.

Select an area of social welfare policy in which you are interested. Respond to the following:

  • Identify the aspects of the policy that reflect a conservative perspective and the aspects that reflect a liberal perspective.
  • Explain the impact of the mixed ideological foundation on the focus and structure of the policy.

The political ideologies of a country are very specific to its cultural history. Keeping this in mind, respond to the following:

  • Discuss how the policymaking of one other country aligns with or differs from the United States due to its cultural history.
  • Provide examples to explain why the policymaking is similar or different.

 Apply APA standards to citation of sources

comparing and contrasting the political views of two philosophers

The course project requires you to research and write an analytical paper comparing and contrasting the political views of two philosophers on one of the following areas:

  1. Human Conflict – the nature and causes thereof.
  2. The best or best possible cooperative social arrangements, capable of resolving or diminishing society’s common problems.
  3. The moral foundations of political legitimacy (what is the good state).
  4. Who should govern – one, few, or many?

Within your paper discuss how the views of your two chosen philosophers on the one chosen political issue relate to that same political issue today. Share your own well-supported views on the matter in a conclusion.
 
Finalize your search for the two and write a paragraph in which you announce their names and the one area of political thought for comparison. In a sentence or two, explain what draws you to this focus.

USA PATRIOT Act

Answer the following question in a minimum of two paragraphs:
Do you believe the USA PATRIOT Act is a useful tool in combating terrorism, or does it violate our Civil Liberties? Why or why not? Be sure to fully explain your reasoning using facts and/or examples to bolster your argument.

POLICING IN AMERICA

When police officers start their shifts, one thing they must always keep in mind is the standard of their work. They may have to make a split second decision and regardless of the outcome, they may be liable for their actions. This is especially true in the area of misconduct.

  • In a situation where an officer is forced to make a split second decision for example when in pursuit, what are the ramifications of that decision in relation to accountability that officer.
  • Give an example of a specific situation where accountability for their actions may affect their decision making in enforcing the law.

Prepare a typed document that follows APA guidelines that includes:

  • A paper 200-300 words in length, double-spaced.
  • You may use your text or the Internet as a reference, but remember to cite your sources according to APA guidelines.
  • Your response must be thought provoking, have well developed ideas and/or opinions, and should reference any supporting material from the text, lecture or other sources you have used to complete the assignment.

For citation guidelines, please refer to the table in the APA Style section of the syllabus.

What Is Federalism?

Write a three to four (3-4) page paper on American federalism in which you:
Provide three (3) examples of how federalism has evolved from its origins to the American political system in place today.
Examine three to five (3-5) factors that have allowed the concept of federalism to shape American political behavior.
Discuss at least two (2) factors that illustrate how the relationship between the states and the U.S. federal government influences the creation of American policies overall.
Use at least three (3) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites to not qualify as academic resources.
Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008:

The US Congress has the authority to create laws through Article I of the US Constitution. When Congress authorizes an act, several related laws are clumped together into one massive law (hence, an act). The easiest way to read and process an act is to separate the document into major topics (concepts) and then outline the major policies associated with the topics.

Acts are an important part of the legislative process and are frequently used to initiate a series of interconnected laws (e.g., laws related to education, housing, and health and human services). You should have a basic understanding of this process because a number of laws that affect higher education processes have resulted from acts (e.g., the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Americans with Disabilities Act [ADA] of 1990).

In this assignment, you will review an act that has been reauthorized and analyze some significant changes due to its reauthorization.

Tasks:

In about 250 words, respond to the following:

Judicial System and the Human Service Professional

Judicial System and the Human Service Professional

Your team has been asked to supply information to the state legislature as to what you, as a human service professional, are responsible for when working with the criminal justice and judicial systems.
Write a 750- to 900-word informational paper to be presented to the legislators including the following:

  • What is expected of you as required by the law?
  • What issues may prevent you being in compliance with the criminal justice and judicial systems?
  • What situations may represent a conflict for a human service professional in protecting children?

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.
990 words paper

2 sources in APA format

scored: 7/7

Federal vs. State Policy Comparison

Objectives:
Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines. Properly cite your references/resources (minimum of 5 references, please refrain from using Wikipedia type sources).
Write a 1,050-1,750- word paper in which you compare and contrast the differences and similarities of federal and state government as it pertains to their role in the implementation of criminal justice policy. Be sure to address all aspects of policy development and implementation.
Cite your minimum of 5 references properly consistent with APA guidelines.

Agency’s Law and Ethics of Hiring a Diverse Workforce

Write a four to six (4-6) page paper in which you:
  1. Revise the previous assignment based on your professor’s feedback.
  2. Analyze at least two (2) laws or two (2) court decisions that have implications to the agency’s personnel management. (Title this section Laws Affecting the Agency)
  3. Analyze at least three (3) major factors why the agency should address and three (3) major factors why the agency should not address Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender in their recruitment and hiring practices. (Title this section Personnel Recruitment and Hiring Practices)
  4. Evaluate the agency’s approach to ethics and diversity training programs provided for new and existing employees, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses. (Title this section Ethics and Diversity Training)
  5. Recommend at least two (2) actions the agency could take to improve in the areas of recruiting and training a diversified workforce. (Title this section Recommendations for Recruiting and Training a Diversified Workforce)
  6. Include at least four (4) peer-reviewed references (no more than five [5] years old) from material outside the textbook. Note: Appropriate peer-reviewed references include scholarly articles and governmental Websites (Include no more than one non-government Website)
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
  • Examine the major components of the personnel management system, procedures, and processes in the public sector.
  • Recommend improvements to processes involved in public personnel management and / or solutions to problems confronting those in the field.
  • Assess external organizational and employee conditions as well as their implications to and impact on personnel management.
  • Analyze pertinent issues, such as motivation and productivity, collective bargaining, labor relations, equal employment opportunity (EEO), affirmative action (AA), intergovernmental relations, and / or professionalism, facing public personnel managers.
  • Evaluate current and emerging issues and trends in public personnel management, such as evaluation, public sector recruitment, staffing employment development compensation, benefits, pensions, strategic planning, and / or succession planning.
  • Evaluate ethical issues surrounding public personnel management and training.
  • Develop a proposal for strategic public personnel management for a specific setting.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in public personnel management.
  • Write clearly and concisely about public personnel management using proper writing mechanics.
Grading for this assignment will be based on answer quality, logic / organization of the paper, and language and writing skills. Click here to access the rubric for this assignment.

Comparative Politics

The United States (U.S.) and United Kingdom (U.K.) are two very interesting countries. They have shared many direct interactions over the last three centuries and have many political similarities and differences. For example, these two democratic countries utilize both similar and different political systems, structures, and functions. A study of these systems, structures, and functions will certainly expand your understanding of comparative politics.
Write a research paper comparing the political systems, structures, and functions of the U.K. and the U.S. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of each political system. Explain how and why different socialization agents affected the structure of these political systems. Evaluate one U.S. policy program and one U.K. policy program to determine if they meet the needs of their respective populations.
The paper should be organized into the five following sections:
Introduction and thesis.

  1. Comparison of the advantages and disadvantages of U.S. and U.K. political systems.
  2. Explanation of how and why different socialization agents affected the structure of the U.S. and U.K. political systems.
  3. Evaluation of one U.S. policy program and one U.K. policy program to determine if they meet the needs of their respective populations.
  4. Conclusion.

The paper must be four to five pages in length (excluding title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style. You must use at least three scholarly resources other than the textbook to support your claims and subclaims. Cite your resources in text and on the reference page. For information regarding APA samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center, within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar.
 

Obama's Foreign Policy

8 pages double spaced. Assignment is to analyze and evaluate Obama’s foreign policy. What he promised in his speeches and talks and what actually happened?(referring also to the world events which was happening from 2009-2015)
Compare him to George W. Bush and whether Obama did a good job or not? Why and why not?
Use NY times http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/06/opinion/thomas-friedman-the-obama-doctrine-and-iran-interview.html?_r=0
 
And refer to other six different reliable articles such as foreign affairs, nytimes, boston globe, bbc, cnn.

Global Perspectives Assessment

Write a 1,400- to 2,100-word paper in which you assess criminal justice from a global perspective. In your paper be sure to analyze the following:

  • Assess the impact of globalization on the U.S. criminal justice system.
  • Compare and contrast international criminal justice systems (Civil Law, Common law, and Islamic Law and Socialist Law traditions).
  • Discuss the impact that cyber crime and technology have had on worldwide justice systems.
  • Differentiate the policing systems on a worldwide scale.
  • Identify major crimes and criminal issues that have a global impact on justice systems and processes (e.g., Somalia, Rwanda, Bosnia, Darfur, Congo, etc.).

Include at least four references. Cite to each listed reference.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

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Louisiana Public Policy

Utilizing a public policy of your choice from the local government where you reside (Louisiana), complete the following:
Analyze that local government’s revenues and possible funding options for the chosen public policy.
Additionally, utilizing the local government’s annual budgeting documents and any other pertinent documents, incorporate the following into your paper:
Describe restrictions that are (or could be) placed on those revenues.
Evaluate how public policy decisions affect the receipt of revenues.
Analyze the economic conditions that affect revenue projections.
Recommend a revenue policy that aligns with community values.
The Paper should focus on real-life, real-time applications of topics covered in this course, including the uses you have seen and the uses you can envision.
Writing:
Must be 7 to 10 pages
APA style
Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.
Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.
Must use at least five scholarly sources
Must document all sources in APA style
Must separate reference page, formatted according to APA style

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT

1William Galston of the University of Maryland and the Brookings Institution notes that some democracies, including Australia and Italy, require citizens to vote or pay a fine. These countries have exceptionally high turnout levels. “Our low turnout rate,” Galston says, “pushes American politics toward increased polarization.
Would you favor a law requiring Americans to vote or pay a fine if they fail to do so? What are some other incentives that might encourage more people to vote? If the United States had such a policy do you think, as William Galston does, that it would significantly reduce the level of party polarization?
2. There have been many major transportation related incidents in recent years involving hazardous materials. If a major incident were to occur in your community, discuss whether or not the current level of emergency response services provided by your community, businesses, and the government would be adequate? Describe what programs are currently in place, what actions are being taken, or what actions should be taken by your local emergency response agencies to prepare for such incidents?
 

USA PATRIOT Act

Answer the following question in a minimum of two paragraphs:
Do you believe the USA PATRIOT Act is a useful tool in combating terrorism, or does it violate our Civil Liberties? Why or why not? Be sure to fully explain your reasoning using facts and/or examples to bolster your argument.

Political Science State and Local Government

1. Define and explain the relationship in power between interest groups and political parties.
2. Identify the different types of interest groups. Which interest groups are most powerful in Oregon?
3. What are the roles of interest groups and different tactics used by interest groups.
4. What is a lobbyist? What do they do?