Topic: Were militaristic/nationalistic factors a more significant cause of Japan’s invasion of Manchuria in 1931 as compared to economic factors?
for IB Diploma Extended Essay of 4000 words (excluding Abstract)
Citations: Chicago-manual style, Abstract: 400 words.
Require 2 OPVL , integrated seamlessly into the arguments.
Content Page: Yes
Plagiarism Report: Yes
Deadline: Essay and plagiarism report by August 6th, (UTC +8:00) 2015.
Spacing: 1.5 Font: Arial EE
instructions Were militaristic/nationalistic factors a more significant cause of Japan’s invasion of Manchuria in 1931 as compared to economic factors? Introduction: · Historiographical review (landscape the different schools of thoughts) · Draw link btw historiographical review and how you arrive at RQ · Significance of RQ, how revealing is it of present context · Worthiness of investigation · Methodology (what you going address in the body, sequence of arguments, type of sources) · (Approx 400 words) Economic Factors · Split into further sub-points o Japan’s economic position in the 1920s (period of stagnation) o The Great Depression and its impact on Japan (overpopulation, lack of natural resources, fall in exports which were mainly luxury goods) o Japan’s economic objectives in Manchuria (include policies such as the yen bloc, Japan-Manchukuo Joint Economic Commission in 1935, Manchukuo’s 5 year plan) o OPVL 1 (Origin, Purpose, Value, Limitation) of main source o Further analysis Nationalism (Also split into further sub points) · Define militarism · Define nationalism · Place militarism and nationalism in respect to the Japanese context (1920s to 1930s) · Establish which party held true power, Kwantung Army or Tokyo gov · Bring up Russo-Japanese War · Confidence of the Army greatly boosted due to the huge win over a Russia which had a great power status. · Drove the start of a daring expansionism policy that differed starkly from the more cautious and opportunistic methods of before · Elevated the standings of a younger breed of military staff known as the Kogetsukai which were pro war. · Rise in nationalism and expansionism among the military (within the ranks of the military) clashed with the anti-military mood of the 1920s · Most prominently seen in the Washington Naval agreement in the 1922 and the London Naval treaty in 1930 which heavily restricted the Japanese navy · Regarded by the Japanese military as an attempt to undermine their position while also treating it as a result of the weak stance of the national defense cabinet · Radical ideas formed within the Kwantung Army included a pre-emptive strike against Manchuria. (the result was the Mukden incident) Culmination of these factors resulted in the Mukden incident of September 18. OPVL 2 · Reasons behind provocation of the Chinese, followed by the ensuing annexation of Manchuria · ***Find conflicting points between supposed nationalistic goals and the actual actions of the Kwantung Army · Events were propelled by forces on the ground · Profiling of specific traits of the Kwantung Army (Must be very objective) · Authorities knew that they could only settle the conflict at best · All agreed that the was no going back · It was fait accompli · Link back to show how arbitrary actions of Ishihara inspired by nationalism and militaristic pride were essential in (triggering the aggression in Manchuria) after examining the above evidences. The Manchurian Incident · Dynamic nature of Japan and her foreign policy at that time necessitates that we look at how these factors are interlaced and in doing so hence form a more complete conclusion. (arrive at a more complete conclusion) · State clearly basis of comparison · Economic reasons are questionable in the first place and seem to fall under the larger umbrella of nationalistic militarism. · Many of the military leaders at that time in the light of the economic slump saw Manchuria as Japan’s economic lifeline. · Manchuria to a large extent was a target of economic goals even for the army. · Army was fully prepared to take the necessary military actions in order to solve economic problems · Furthermore, part of the military war aims included the need to build up economic strength · The Army was regarded as the guardian of Japan’s economic defense. · *To be clear this does not imply that economic reasons were the main motivating factors behind militarists actions but on the contrary, economic aims (or pursuits) were a part of militaristic pursuits which in turn called for added economic support. · Another possible limiting factor of economic motivation is the actual nature of Japan’s economic actions in Manchuria. · These could have been aimed more at improving (developing) rather than exploiting the Manchurian economy in line with Pan-Asianist desires to help Asia. Conclusion · Show that nationalistic factors were a more significant cause of invasion as compared to economic pursuits. Bibliography (Chicago Manual Style) Plagiarism Check *Note (other points can be included into the argument if needed)